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REY^'^'  ns   H':"TORICAL 
GENT  '      -^i  LECTION 


Ge^J 


ALLEN  COUNTY  PUBLIC  LIBRARY 


3  1833  01723  9275 


GENEALOGY 
974 
N42NA 
1847 


Digitized  by  the  Internet  Archive 

in  2009  with  funding  from 

Allen  County  Public  Library  Genealogy  Center 


http://www.archive.org/details/newenglandhistor1847wate 


-^.<      .    «->  ,     1  r->  i   ic? 


THE 


NEW    ENGLAND 


I  C)i5tovical  S^  (Genealogical  HegiGler, 


PUBLISnED  QUARTERLY,  TJNDKR  THE  rATROXAGE   OF  THK 


Nriu   englanb   Ijiotovic,    (J3cnc  alogi  cnl    Gocictij. 


F  o  11    T 11  ]■;    V  ]•:  A  11    1  ^  4  7  .      • 


VOLUME  I. 


C  0  f^  T  0  N  : 

SAMUEL     C.     DU  A  KK,     1' U  r>  L  I  S  II  K  K  , 

184  7. 


PUBLjr  '.JFRARVJ 

FORT  WA<iNF.  ^r>i  lEN  CO.,  IND.         *  ' 


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0.\  commencing  a  period'ual,  the  (]ueslion  iialuraily  arises,  Wliy 
issue  a  new  publieation  ?  This  queslioa  we  assume  as  put  in  our 
case  ;  and  we  reply  to  it,  There  is  no  work-  of  lho  kiml  in  ihe 
country,  and  one  seems  to  be  much  needed.  The  following  list  of 
subjects  mentioned  in  the  Prospectus  of  the  Periodical  will  serve  lo 
elucidate  its  character  and  show  the  importance  of  its  publication. 
"  It  will  comprehend, 

"1.  Biographical  iMemoirs,  Sketches,  and  Notices  of  persons  who 
came  to  North  America,  especially  to  New  England,  before  x\nno 
Domini  1700;  showing  from  what  places  in  Europe  they  came, 
their  Families  there,  and  their  Descendants  in  this  country  ; 

"2.  Full  and  minute  Genealogical  IMemoirs  and  Tables,  showing 
the  lineage  and  descent  of  P\imilies,  from  the  earliest  dates  to 
which  they  can  !)e  authentically  traced,  down  to  the  present  time, 
with  their  branches  and  coimections  ; 

"3.  Tables  of  Longevity,  Statistical  and  Biographical  Accou)its 
of  Attorneys,  Physicians,  Ministers  and  Churches  of  all  denomina- 
tions, of  Ciraduates  at  Colleges,  Governors,  Senators  and  Repre- 
sentatives in  Congress,  Military  Ollicers,  and  other  persons  of  dis- 
tinction,  and  occasionally  tMitire  Tracts,  which  have  become  rare  and 
of  permanent  Historical  value; 

"4.  Lists  of  names  found  in  ancient  documents,  such,  especially, 
as  were  engaged  in  any  honorable  public  service  ;  also  tlie  docu- 
ments themselves,  when  they  may  contain  any  important  faets 
illustrative  of  tin;  lives  antl  actions  of  individuals; 

";j.  Descriptions  of  the  Costume-^,  J)wellings,  and  Utensils  of 
various  kinds,  belon<j;in<?  to  ihc  earliest  times  to  which  the  Ancestrv 
of  Families  may  be  traced  ;  to  be  accompanied,  when  practicable, 
with  drawings  or  engravings  ; 

"  G.  Ancient  Inscriptions  and  Epitaphs,  with  descriptions  of 
Cemeteries,  Monuments,  Tombs,  Tablets;  also,  extracts  from  the 
Town  and  Parish  Records  of  New  England  ; 


[>  o^yf,'      -^         t  ." 


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IV  P  U  E  F  A  C  R  .  I 

3 

"7.     Descriptions  of  Armorial  Bearings,  and  of  oilier  Heraldic      i 

devices,  occasionally  emblazoned,  wiih  sulTicient  explanations   of 
the  principles  and  terms  of  Heraldry.  . 

"  The  Publication  will  embrace  many  other  materials  of  a  Miscel- 
laneous and  Statistical  character,  more  or  less  connected  with  its 
main  design  ;  which,  it  is  believed,  will  contribute  to  render  it 
interestitig  to  intelligent  persons  of  every  class  in  the  community. 

"  Each  Number  will  be  embellished  with  a  Portrait  of  some  dis- 
tinguished individual.  There  will  also  occasionally  be  illustrative 
engravings  in  the  work." 

The  period  has  arrived  when  an  awakened  and  a  growing  inter- 
est is  felt  in  this  country  in  the  pursuit,  and  especially  in  the 
results,  of  Historical  and  Genealogical  Researches ;  and  when 
the  practical  importance,  both  to  individuals  and  to  society,  of  the 
knowledge  which  is  obtained  by  s\ich  investigations,  from  the  scat- 
tered and  perishable  records  of  local,  domestic,  and  traditionary 
history,  begins  to  be  apprec^iated,  'J'he  existence,  and  active  exer- 
tions, of  the  Historical,  Antiquarian,  and  Statistical  Societies 
which  have  arisen  within  a  few  yoars  past  in  most  of  the  older 
states  of  the  Union,  is  a  sudieient  evidence  of  the  fact. 

The  New  England  Historic- Gcncalog-ic  I  Society,  chartered  some 
years  since  by  the  Legislature  of  Massachusetts,  i)rcTposes  to  direct 
its  attention  to  the  promotion  of  the  objects  above  specified.  It 
will  do  this  in  various  ways  ;  —  particularly  by  the  establishment  of 
a  Library,  a  Cabinet  of  Curiosities,  and  a  Collection  of  Paintings; 
but  especially  by  a  Periodical.  A  Library,  respectable  for  the  time 
the  Society  has  existed,  has  been  established,  and  a  Cabinet  of 
Curiosities  and  a  Collection  of  Paintings  have  been  commenced. 
Though  the  Society  early  contemplated  the  publication  of  a  Peri- 
odical, yet  the  time  for  issuing  it  seemed  not  to  have  arrived  until 
the  beginning  of  the  present  year,  when  a  work  was  commenced. 
And  through  the  goodness  of  a  kind  Providence  we  have  been 
enabled  to  bring  to  a  close  the  first  Volume  of  the  New  England 
Historical  and  Genealogi<-a!  Register.  Some  of  the  articles  have 
been  prepared  with  a  great  amount  of  labor,  and  in  some  cases 
from  sources  exceedingly  rare.  During  the  arduous  labors  per- 
formed, we  have  been  sustained  by  the  hope  that  we  were  not 
laboring  altogether  in  vain. 

We  would  here  take  occasion  to  express  our  thanks  to  those  gen- 
tlemen who  have  aided  us  by  contributing  to  the  articles  of  our  pages, 
by  extending  the  circulation  of  the  work,  and  by  commending  il  to 


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the  patronage  of  the  community.     In   iho.sc  ways  e^sfniial  si-rvice 
has  been  rendered. 

We  now  enter  upon  the  duties  of  another  year  with  undimin- 
ished zeal  and  confidence  in  the  can.se  wr  have  espoused,  hoping 
with  the  Divine  blessing,  to  make  the  ensuing  volume'  more  vuhia- 
ble  than  its  predecessor.  In  this  work,  we  come  in  collision  with 
no  other  class  of  men  ;  we  interfere  wiih  no  other  pul.lieation. 
Occupying  a  new  and  dislincl  (ie[)artnieni,  we  shall  aim  to  make 
the  periodical  a  work  of  ]-)i>rmani'nt  value  as  a  repository  o(  minuic 
and  autiienlic  facts,  carefully  and  methodically  arranged  on  a  great 
variety  of  subjects  pertaining  to  aiilicpiiiies,  hisiory,  stalisiics,  and 
genealogy.  In  doing  this  we  cannot  but  feel  that  we  are  [)erlorming 
a  great  service  for  the  country  at  large,  but  especially  (or  New  Kng- 
land,  and  her  sons  wherever  scattered.  Aceurale  and  tailhlul  his- 
torians, chronologists,  and  genealogists  are  iiiij)()rtani  benehu-iors. 
Such  was  Polvbius  among  the  (Ireeks,  Tacitus  among  llii'  Romans. 
Thomas  Prince,  Abiel  Holmes,  and  John  Farmer,  in  New  England. 
In  preparing  the  Register,  our  sources  of  informaiion  have  been 
Hazard's  Historical  Collections,  the  Panopllst  and  oilier  i)eri()dicals, 
as  newspapers,  the  Collections  of  the  numerous  Hist<.)rieal  and 
Antiquarian  Societies,  the  various  works  on  Biography,  the  dillerent 

I  Histories  of  the  Stales  and  of  the  Couniry,  as  well  as  oilii-r  works 
of  a  similar  character,  and  the  alnu)st  innumerable  histories  of 
towns,  and  historical  and   biograi)hical  discourses  ;  but  our  greatest 

I  and  best  sources  of  information  have  been  family,  church,  town,  and 
county  records,  original  ancient  manuscript  documents  of  variiuis 

^  name  and  nature,  and  also  numy  recent  communieaiions  respecting 
matters  of  olden  time.  But  lillle  reliance  has  been  j)lacid  upon  hear- 
say or  traditionary  evidence.  We  make  this  general  statement  as 
an  ajjology  for  not  having  mentioned  coniinually,  and  many 
times  over,  the  authorities  for  what  we  have  publi>lied. 

In  preparing  the  coming  volume,  we  are  encouraged  to  expect 
the  cooperation  of  several  le;irned  antiquaries  and  otlu-r  e>timal)le 
writers.  We  shall  also  have  access  to  a  large  amount  o(  valuable 
materials  suited   to  our  wants.      In  various  ways  we    hope  to  gi\e 

[  an  increased  interest  to  our  w  orks,  and  that  a  corresponLling  patron- 
age will  be  awarded  to  us  by  a  reading,  intelligt'nt,  ;md  generous 
public.  We  respectfully  and  earnestly  solicit  the  assistance  of  those 
friendly  to  our  object,  and  above  all,  the  l)eni'diclion  of  Him,  w  horn 
we  serve. 

October,  1847.  -- 


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CONTENTS    OP    VOLUME    I 


'  ■■      ■    ■'■••'   ■-•"    ■     ■  NO.   I. 

Landing  of  the  rilgrims,  at  Plymoatli,  Dcc^  1620  — a  Tlatc.  - 
Memoir  of  John  Farmer,  M.  A.,  with  a  Portrait,        -  .         .         . 

Gcneulo^.ncal  Memoir  of  the  Farmer  F'anuly,  .... 

Memoirs  of  Graduates  of  Harvard  CoUe^c,  .         .         .         .         - 

ConnjregiUional  Ministers  and  Churches  in  llockingham  County,  N.  II., 
Foreign  Missionaries  from  Norwich,  Ct.,       ..---- 

Passen^^'ers  in  the  Mayflower  in  1G20, 

Major  Pendh'ton's  Lettei",    ---..---- 
Capt.  Mihs  Siandish'b  Inventory  of  Books,     .         -         .         -         - 
Juridic^tl  Stati-iiics  of  Merrimack  County,     .-.-.- 
Biogra[)hic^il  Notices  of  Oeccitsed  Piiysicians  in  Massachnsetls, 
Extract  from  a  Letter  of  Hon.  William  Cranch,  .         .         .         . 

Letter  from  l\cv.  John  Walrond  to  Rev.  WilHam  Waldron,      - 
Form  of  a  Family  Itcgislcr,  ..----.■ 

Genealogy  of  the  Cha^e  Family,     - 

"  "       Dudky  F'amiiy,        ...---• 

Epitaphs, 

Instances  of  Longevity  in  Belfast,  Mc., 

Scraps  from  Interleaved  Almanacks, 

Decease  of  the  Fathers  of  New  Knt;Iand,      ..---■ 
Notice  of  Governor  Bradstreet,  with  an  Engraving  of  his  House, 
Sketches  of  Alumni  at  the  difTercnt  Collc<;cs  in  New  England, 

Fathers  of  New  England, -         • 

Gov.  Hinckley's  Verses  on  the  Death  of  his  second  Contort, 
Biographical  Notices  of  I'hysicians  in  Kingston,  N.  H.,    - 
Register  of  Births  in  Dedham,     -         -                   .... 
Aniiivei"sarv  of  the  New  llngland  Society  at  Cincinnati,  <)., 
Notices  of  \'ew  Puhlicati(ms, •         - 


'J 
21 
.54 
40 
41) 
4? 
bry 
54 
54 
60 

66 
67 
t)8 
71 
72 
7.3 
73 
74 
75 

91 
1)2 
95 
99 
100 
100 


NO.  n. 

Memoir  of  Hon.  Samuel  Sewall,  with  a  Portrait, 

Letter  of  Chief-Justice  Sewall, 

Col.  Gookin's  Letter, ■         - 

History  of  the  Pilgrim  Society,   .         ■         -         .         .         . 
Passengers  of  the  (loldcn  Hind,  with  an  ]MV.rravlng, 
Passengers  of  the  Speedwell  of  Ixjiulon,     .         -         -         . 

Examination  of  Quakeis, 

Complete  Li-t  of  the  .Ministers  of  Boston     -         -         .         . 
First  Settlers  of  New  ICngland,        .         -         .         .         . 
Capital  Odcnces  in  Massachusetts,       ..... 
Juridical  Statistics  of  .Merrimack  County,  N.  H., 
Reasons  for  Genealogii'allnvc><tigatioii-.      .         -         .         - 

Our  Ancestors, 

Congregational  Ministers  and  Churches  in  Rockinj;han\  Coun 
I'ropiietors  of  New  Haven,  Ct.,       ..... 
Memoir  of  Enoch  Pardons,  l'^s(i,,  with  a  Portrait, 
Philosophy  of  I^ife,  '-..... 

Genealogy  of  the  Cotton  Family,  ..... 

"  '■       Butler  Family,    -         •         -         -         . 


N.  II 


105 
111 
11.5 
114 

120 

l;i2 

1.32 
\:u 
137 
139 
140 
147 

14;» 
l.-)(i 

157 
1 5't 
103 
164 
107 


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C  O  N  T  K  N  T  S  , 


(iciiealopiy  of  the  Miiiot  Family, 

I?i();:iiii)liiciLl  Notices  of  nccca^cd  riiysiciann  in  Massadiusetts, 

SkHclu'S  of  Aliiiiuii  lit  the  tlitVcrc-nl  C'ollot,'cs  in  Ni-w  Knf,'land, 

Dr.  Willis's  Lolitr  of  Coiidolcuce  to  Madam  Sewall, 

List  of  Ancient  Niuncs  in  Boston  and  Viciuity,    - 

Family  Increase,     -..------ 

Instiinees  of  Lon;;evity,        ...---- 

Marriaj^es  and  Dcuth-;,    -------- 

Notices  of  New  I'lililicaiions,       ------ 


171 

17H 
Wi 
191 
19.3 
106 
190 
197 
I'J'J 


NO.   III. 

Memoir  of  (Governor  Kndocott,  with  a  Portrait,         .         .         -         . 
Oriirinal  Covenant  of  the  Fir-t  Church  in  the  ^lus.sachusctts  Colony, 

M.-raidrv, 

Heraldic  Plato, ' 

li.tiiiicatioii  of  the  Federal  Constitntion  hy  Ma.ssachusetts, 

Letter  of  Chief-. Justice  Sarj^eant, 

( "i)in|(lete  List  of  the  Mini-ters  of  I5oston, 

Cou'.'rcj,Mti(Hial  Mini>ters  and  CImuhes  in  Pockin^diam  County,  N.  H., 
Gene.ilogy  of  the  Woicott  l'"aniily,  .--.-. 

Minot  Family,  ...... 

"  "        I'lirscjiis  l-'amily,  ...... 

Ancient  Bilile  in  the  Hrmlford  Family, 

nioirraphical  Notices  of  I'hysicians  in  Hocliester,  N.  II., 
Sketches  of  Alniniii  at  the  dilVerent  CoUe^'es  in  New  Enjjland,     - 

Advire  of  a  Dyin;^  Father  to  his  Son, 

Prlationship,        .......--- 

Decease  of  the  Fathers  (.f  New  Fnjrland, 

New  Fiiirland,     .-..--•--- 
Arrival  of  early  New  Fn^jhmd  Ministers,  .... 

( lenealoiries  and  their  Moral,        -.....- 

First  Settlers  of  Rhode  Ivlaiid, 

N[arria;_'es  and  Dc.iths,         ...-..-. 
Notices  of  New  ['uhlieations,  ....... 


NO.   IV. 

Memoir  of  Covcrnor  Hutcliinson,  witli  .h  Portrait,         .         .         .         - 

The  I'.ndecott  Hock. 

■  First  SellUnieiit  of  Norwich,  Ct 

Names  of  the  First  Settlers  of  Norwich,  in  IGCO,      .         -         -         - 

Patent  of  tlie 'I'own  of  .Norwich,  ill  IfiS."), 

Fetter  ol'  Fieiit  (iovernor  Stou;,diton,       ...... 

Coniplelo  r/ist  of  the  Ministers  of  Boston,    ------ 

C,)ii;;re;riitii'nal  Ministers  and  Churches  in  RockiTi;:ham  County,  X.  II. 
lluixncnots,  .-.,.-.-... 

On  ( ieuealoirv,         .-.--.---- 

( ieiiealoiry  of  the  I'>ndi(ott  Family.       -..-.-. 

N(»tice  of  the  Iluiilin^rton  ]-'amily,    -  - 

( ienea!o;:y  of  llcin-i  (inchet,         .-.----. 
( iencaloj^y  of  the  Cookin  Family,  ------- 

The  Foster  Family, 

lllnslr.itions  of  (Icuealoiry.  accompanied  with  a  Difljrrara, 

Memoir  of  Ivev   Zc|ihaniah  S.  Moore,  D.  D.,         -         -         .         .         . 

Memoir  of  Allien  Ci.  F|)ham.  M.  ])., 

Pnrial-Fhiee  at  "Old  Town."  (Newbury,  Ms.,)    - 

On  the  Wearing  of  the  Hair, 

I'rolilie  I'^imily,  ----.-- 
Population  of  the  Colonies  in  this  Countiy  in  1700, 
Scotch  Prisoners  sent  to  .^fassaelmsetls  in  10.'J2,  - 

M.irria;:es  ami  Deaths, 

Notices  of  New  Puhlications,       .         -         .         . 

Inilex  of  Snhjects, 

Index  of  Names, 


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NEW   ENGLAND 
IIISTOIUCAL  A?;i)  GENEALOGICAL  KEGISTER 


MEMOIR  OF  JOHN  FARMER,  ^L  A,  •    :. 

t..VTn   COUnKSI-ONDI.G    SnCP-ETAUT   or   TH.   NKW   UAMrSHIKi:   niSTOniCAI.  .OCIETV. 

John  Farmer,  ^vho  was  the  most  dlstingni.hcd  Genealogist  and 
\ntiquary  of  t!)is  country,  was  born  at  Chelmsford,  Ms,  June  U, 
1789  ^  He  was  the  eldest  son  of  John  Farmer,  who  married,  Jan- 
uary-"^l  17SS,  Lydia  Richardson,  daughter  of  Josiah  Richardson 
of  Chel'msford,  Ms.  His  father  was  the  son  of  OHvc>r  Farmer,  born 
Tuly  31,  172S,  who  was  the  son  of  Edward,  born  at  Ansley,  \\  ar- 
wickshire,  England,  who  emigrated  to  this  country  abom  the  year 
1G70,  and  settled  at  irdlerica,  Ms.f 

Mr.  h-'armcr  inherited  a  feeble  constitution,  hrom  early  hie  till 
death,  his  appearance  was  that  of  a  person  in  the  last  stage  of  a 
consumption.  Cut  notwithstanding  his  great  bodily  infirmity  he 
was   enabled   by    his    industry   and   perseverance    to   accomplish 

wonders.  ^•:-^^„* 

From  diikll.ooil,  he  was  fond  of  Ijoote  and  study;  over  diligent 
as  a  scholar,  and  excelling  most  of  his  sehool-fellovvs  in  Ins  ao-im- 
silions  of  knowledge.  Hours  which,  dnring  recess  or  vacation  the 
more  hardy  and  robust  wonld  spend  in  athletic  ga.nes  and  you  hful 
sports,  he  was  disposed  lo  employ  in  poring  over  books  ol  history, 
geography  and  ehronology,  inquiring   after  ancient  records   and 

appear  in  iho  jjenealojyot  ihc  iamur  ^'^""'^ '^  ' '^ ,    '  ^,[:  ,"\\' ,^  i^IeruJ  in  tins  nu.aber 
y'-krs  l-oCore  liis  death.     Huviuj  becu  rcmodellea  and  iinrro\  l.i,  ii  is  uucn 
of  llic  ll.'gisler. 


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10  3Temoir  of  [Jan. 


v 


papers,  looking  into  the  genealogy  of  families,  and  copying  and 
troa;<nniig  up  anecdotes  and  traditions  of  Indians  and  Kevolu- 
tionary  sU-uggles.  In  his  fondness  for  writing,  and  for  copying 
antiquarian,  civil,  ecclesiastical  and  literary  matters,  he  almost 
insensibly  acquired  a  beautiful  style  of  penmanship,  which  gave  to 
all  his  manuscripts  a  peculiar  air  of  neatness  and  grace.  A  favor- 
ite of  the  clergyman  of  his  native  place,  he  was  allowed  free  access 
to  his  books  and  papers,  and  thus  he  imbibed  those  impressions  of 
filial  respect  for  the  ministers  of  the  gospel,  which  he  exhibited  on 
all  occasions  through  life.  He  regarded,  with  great  revermce,  the 
clerical  profession,  looking  upon  the  ministers  of  the  cross  as 
indeed  "  the  messengers  of  God."  | 

^\!  the  age  of  sixteen,  he  became  a  clerk  in  a  store  at  Amherst,  } 
N.  If.  Here  he  remained  five  years,  giving  diligent  attention  to  I 
the  business  of  his  employers,  and  devoting  his  leisure  hours  to  f 
literary  studies  and  correspondence.  In  a  letter  to  the  Rev.  llez-  j 
ekiah  Packard,  D.  D.,  who  had  been  his  teacher  before  he  went  to  ! 
Amherst,  IMr.  Farmer  spoke  with  affection  and  gratitude  of  his  I 
early  Instructor;  and  in  a  reply,  dated  Wiscasset,  Me.,  Dec.  4,  f 
IbOO,  the  Doctor  says,  "  If  any  of  my  friendly  and  religious  coun-  | 
sels,  or  any  books  I  put  into  your  hands,  made  deep  and  lasting  1 
impressions  upon  your  tender  mind,  you  will  join  me  in  Lnving  j 
praise  and  glory  to  God  and  the  Redeemer.  I  can  truly  say  of  my  | 
pu[)ils,  as  St.  John  did  of  those  he  had  converted  to  the  Christian  ) 
faitli,  'I  have  no  greater  joy  than  seeing  them  walking  in  the  j 
truth.'  I  am  much  pleased  with  the  account  you  give  of  your  i 
industry  and  progress.  If  you  have  no  idea  of  a  college  edu<;ation,  I 
it  might  appear  as  useful  to  you  to  become  more  familiar  with  | 
your  favorite  branches,  geography,  history,  the  constitutions  of  our  { 
State  governments  and  that  of  our  common  country,  as  well  as  j 
■with  the  origin  and  progress  of  wars,  and  other  calamities  ni  the  I 
eastern  world,"  No  pupil,  probably,  ever  more  highly  valued  an  I 
instructor,  than  did  young  i'armer;  and  that  he  placed  a  high 
estimate  upon  the  teachings  of  Dr.  Packard,  is  sufficiently  -hown 
by  his  allectionate  remembrance  of  him,  and  by  his  jiursuils  in 
afl'M-  life,  and  the  results  of  his  many  labors. 

in  'he  course  of  the  year  ISIO,  iinding  the  labors  of  his  station 
too  arduous  for  his  feeble  health,  Mr.  I-'armer  left  the  sIcmc,  and  j 
engaged  in  teaching  school,  an  employment  in  wliich  he  is  said  to  1 
have  greatly  excelled.  Two  or  three  years  previous  lo  this,  a  liter-  i 
ary  .i>sociallon  for  mutual  improvement  v.as  formed  at  Amlierst,      ) 

I 


,.l   f  .  .,/ 


■iiJ 


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:M  .'lo  i;  -to  <i\,ri'  on  'ry"^J 


,:  ': Y  ■ii--'v;,ii    '■.;';ii; .',■'■  ■:'ii. 


Mc;.  ■■.■■■■    ;!♦:■  .M'.'''">5''  'JKO  'io   J(iiij    j>! ;  u'    i;';jrHn<;:j'..Vv 


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t(   ;^-' 


■ti  ■  t ,    ^1     .'>  ')  ;i  ii.'i 


1847.]  John  Fanner,  M.  A.  11 

r  the  members  of  which  met  weekly  for  debate,  the  rehearsal  of 
f  pieces,  and  reading  origuial  compositions.  C)f  this  society,  Mr. 
Farmer  was  for  about  eleven  years  the  chief  supporter,  contribu- 
.  ■  lino-  largely  to  the  interest  and  usefulness  of  the  meetings  l)y  his 
own  performances,  and  by  inviting  and  attracting  to  it  the  young 
men  of  promise  that  were  about  him.  The  neighboring  clergy 
were  made  honorary  members  of  it.  and  frequently  attended  its 
meetings,  and  participated  in  the  discussions. 

While  engaged   in   school-keeping,   Mr.   Farmer   culiivalcd   his 
natural  taste,  and  pursued,  with  indastry,  historical  inquiries.     In 
1813,  becoming  known  to  some  of  the  Members  of  the  Massacl  n- 
setts  Historical  Society,  he  was  elected  a  Corresponding  Mcunber 
of  it,  and  immediately  becami^  a  contributor  to  its  Collections,  wh;cl^ 
have  been  published.     In  1S16,  he  published,  in  a  pamphlet  form, 
his  "  Historical   Sketch  of  Billerica,"  and  furnished  many  valuable 
facts   towards   the  materials  for  the   History  of  Chelmsford,  after- 
wards published  by  the  Rev.  Mr.  Allen.     In  1S20,  he  published 
"  An  Historical  Sketch  of  Amherst  from  the  llrst  settl-mnent  of  liie 
town,"   in  pamphlet  form.     In  these  two  publications,  the  marked 
peculiarities  of  his  mind  are  strongly  exhibited.      He  evinced  a 
memory  wonderfully  tenacious  of  particular  facts,  dates,  and  names, 
sound  judgment  in  collecting,  selecting,  and  arranging  his  materi''-. 
and  an  exquisite  niceness  and  exactness  in  all  the  details  of  these 
histories. 

About  this  time,  Mr.  Farmer  commenced  the  study  of  medicine 
with  Dr.   Matthias   Spalding,  an  eminent  Physician  of  Amher-t ; 
but  after  a  few  months,  foreseeing  that  he  should   be  unfitted  to 
dischar<,'e  the  laborious  duties  of  'lie  profession,  he  reliiKiuished  the 
study ;  and  in  1S2L,  removed  to  Concord.     He  there  formed  a  con- 
nection in  business  with  Dr.  Samuel  P^Iorril,  and  opened  an  apoth- 
ecary's store,  from  which  circumstance  he  received  the  title  of  i>oc- 
.'        tor.      His  feeble   health  not  allowing  any  kind  of  hard  manual 
labor,  or  exposure  to  the  changes  of  weather  out  of  doors,  he,  pari'y 
[         of  neces/ity  and  partly  of  ehoice,  adopted  a  very  sedentary  mode 
\         of  life.     He  was  rarely  away  from  his  place  of  residence.     He 
[  '      deemed  it  hazardous  for  him  to  leave  home.     In  1S3G,  however, 
f         after  a  lapse  of  eighteen  years,  he  visited  Boston,  where  he  was 
r        treated  with    marked  respect  and  attention  by  the  Uterati  of  the 
I         city ;  but  was  quite  ill,  while  there,  and  unable  to  enjoy  very  mu  vh 
i         of  what    he  expected   from    his   visit.     He  soon  returned   home, 
i         restored  Nj  comparative  health. 


ii 


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12 


Mchioir  of  [J^"' 


From  the  time  of  hi.s  removal  lo  Concord,  ?^Ir.  Farmer  devoted 
hlm^vU  principnlhj  to  what  l.ad  become  l.i:=  favorite  studies  and 
pursnits.  lie  gathered  together  books  of  ancient  date,  early  record. 
of  the  town?,  and  notices  of  the  fix^A  settlers  of  the  country  ;  inqujre.l 
into  the  names,  ages,  characters  and  deaths  of  distinguished  men 
of  every  profession  ;  and  entered  into  extensive  correspondence  will: 
individuals  who  might  be  able  to  furnish  him  with  facts,  relating  t.. 
the  subjects  of  his  in.iuiry.  Jn  short,  he  soon  l>ecame  known  as  an 
Antiquary,  distinguished  beyond  any  of  his  fellow-citizens,  for  exact 
knowledge  of  facts  and  events  relative  to  the  history  of  New  Hamp- 
shire, and  of  New  England  generally.  His  mind  was  a  vvonderlu: 
repository  of  names,  an<l  dales,  and  particular  incidents;  and  si, 
general  and  well  established  was  his  reputation  for  accuracy  ol 
memory,  that  his  authority  was  relied  on  as  decisive  in  hi.toricn' 
and  .'cncalogical  facts.  And  though  at  times,  he  might  have  been 
maccumte,  it  is  to  be  remembered,  that,  while  he  was  the  greatest 
(Icnealogist  and  Anticpvary  of  the  country,  he  was  also  the  Pionct, 
in  this  deparlmenl  of  knowledge;  and  while  some,  who  shah 
follow  him,  may  orrasionnll//  discover  a  mistalce,  the  honor  of  thi< 
is  not  to  be  compared  to  the  honor  of  projecting  and  cxecittinL' 
such  works  as  Mr.  1-armer's. 

In  iS22,  Mr.  Farmer,  in  connection  with  Jacob  B.  ^Nloore,  Esq., 
commenced  a  Periodical  Miscellany,  devoted  principally  lo,  "  1.  His- 
torical Sketches  of  Indian  wars,  battles,  and  exploits;  of  the 
advenmres  and  suUerings  of  the  captives  :  2.  Topographical  De- 
scriptions of  toNvns  and  places  in  New  Hampshire,  with  their  history, 
civil  and  ecclesiastical:  3.  Biographical  Memoirs  and  Anecdotes  ol 
eminent  and  remarkable  persons  who  lived  in  New  Hampshire,  oi 
who  have  had  connection  with  its  settlement  and  history  :  4.  Statis- 
tical TaV)les ;  Tables  of  Births,  Diseases,  and  Deaths  :  o.  Meteor- 
ological Observations,  and  facts  relating  lo  climate."  Three  vokuiu- 
of  this  work  were  published. 

In  the  same  year  he  received  the  honorary  degree  of  Master  ol 
Arts  from  Dartmouth  College ;  and  in  the  following  year  he  was 
complimented  with  the  appointment  of  Justice  of  the  Teace  for  tiie 
newly  constituted  county  of  Merrimack,  but  he  did  not  deem  the 
odice  of  sullicienl  importance,  ever  to  act  under  his  commission. 

The  New  Hampshire  Historical  Society  was  established,  Ma;, 
20,  1S23;  and,  although  Mr.  Farmer  was  unable  lo  be  present  ai 
any  of  tlie  early  meetbigs  of  it3  founders,  he  took  a  deep  interest 
m  its  establishment,  and  conlributed  much  towards  its  organization 


;(•;•'■,.•  m;  •<  -.t' 


:'->'>3C'Vt  V"""."'-    ■' 


!-■    '(Si  1/1  ■   ;. '    ' 


■r';    !■■. 


,J,'  \  I. 


:.■.,!••■.    :  -.•  >• 


'   ,    '■  *-  , 


'j,  ,i;.,- 


1847.]  JuJin  Farmer^  M.  A.  i.j 

and    success.     Tliou^li  he   was  never   more    than    once   or"  twice 
\    preseal  at  tlic  ineeliiigs  of  the  Society,  yet  lie  never  failed  to  com- 
j    muiiicate  with  the  laeinbers,  by  letter  or   otherwise,  on  sucli  occa- 
\    sions.     lie  was   Corresponding   Secrelary  of   the   Society   till   his 
]    death,  the  duties  of  which  olllce  he  dlsclnn-ijed  with  rare  aV)iIi!y 
and  fidolily.     Of  the  five  volumes  of  Col!ectit)ns,  juiljlished  by  the 
Society,  he  was  on  the  Publi>Iiiiig  Committee  of  four.     Tlif  fifiii 
volumo  was  wholly  compiknl   by  him,  and  all  the  preceding  vol- 
umes are  enriched  by  his  contributions. 

In  1*^'23,  yh.  Farmer,  with  an  associate,  Jacob  E.  Moore,  Fsij., 
published  "  A  Ga/etteer  of  the  Slate  of  New  IIam])shlre,  comi)re- 
licnding,  1.  A  concise  deserip/iion  of  the  several  towns  in  the 
State,  in  relation  to  their  boundaries,  divisions,  mountains,  lalccs, 
ponds:  2.  The  early  history  of  eacli  town;  n;u"nes  of  the  first 
settlers,  and  what  were  their  hardshi])s  and  adventures  ;  instances 
of  longevity,  or  of  great  moilallt}'  ;  and  short  biographical  notices 
of  the  most  distinguished  and  useful  men  :  0.  A  eoncisi"  notice  of 
(he  formation  of  the  first  churches  in  the  several  towns  ;  llie  names 
of  those  who  have  been  succes.-ively  ordained  as  ministers,  and 
the  time  of  their  settlement,  removal  or  death  :  1.  Also,  notices  of 
permanent  charitable  and  other  institutions,  literary  societies,  tSrc." 
This  work  was  one  of  immense  labor. 

I\Ir.  Farmer's  jniblished  works  are  very  nuirnTOUs  ;  and,  consid- 
ering his  infirm  state  of  health  during  the  v>diole  seventeen  years  of 
his  residence  in  Concord,  those  who  best  knew  him  were  sinprlsed 
at  the  extent  and  variety  of  his  hd^ors.  The  following  is  bclirved 
to  be  an  accurate  list  of  his  productions,  with  the  excejition  ol  his 
occasional  contributions  to  the  newspapers,  or  other  cj)hemeral 
publications. 

1.  A  Family  lli-glsler  of  the  Descendants  t)f  Fdward  Farmer, 
\     of  Billerica,  in  the  youngest  branch  i»f  hi^  Family.     l:?mo,  pp.  13. 
Concord,  1813  ;  with  an  Appendix,   12mo,  pp.  7.     Concord,  1821. 
This  work,  with   some  additions,  was  reprinted  at  Ilingham,   in 
1858. 

:2.  A  Sketch  of  Amherst,  N.  II.,  published  in  '2  Coll.  Mass.  Hist. 
Soe.  ii.     Boston,  J  "^11. 

3.  A  Tojjographical  and  Historical  Desi'rI])tion  of  the  County  of 
Hillsborough,'  N.  II.,  published  in  :2  Coll.  Ma^s.  Hist.  Soe.  vii. 
Boston,  1818. 

■1.  An  Hist(n-ical  Alemoir  of  IVilIerica,  ,Ms.,  containing  Notices  of 
the   principal  events   in   the  Civil   and   lOeolesiasiical  Allairs  of  the 


>,.  . 


I  £* 


,  i    ,.' 


-.ip   .  ..il/ 


.r\r;i    .,.',.,  M.;(   ^ 


J-'l  '     "      .  Mthioir  of  [Jail. 

I;!        .  Town,  iVom  it<   lirsi  hclilcnirut    to   I^-IO.     bvo,  ))p.  Cii.     Amherst, 

ISIG. 

'5.  All  Historical  Sketch  of  Anilur^t,   N.  II.,  from  the  first  5-eltle- 

mciit   to  ISOO.     Svo,  pp.  S-j.      Ainhcr.>t,  ISHO.     A  second  edition, 

>'i.       much  enlarged,  was  pul;li>licd  at  Concord,  in  lSo7.     Svo,  pp.  5:2. 

G.   All  I'leclefe^iastieal  llegister  of  New  Hampshire;  eoiitaining  a 

Knccinct  account   of   the  dinereiit   religions  denominations;    their 

-•-      origin,  and   progress,  and   present  numbers;  with  a  Catalogue  of 

the  Ministers  of  the  several  Churches,  from  1G3S  to  ]^.•21;  the  date 

of  their  settleincnt,  removal,  or  death,  and  the  number  of  conirnu- 

nicanls  in  1^:21.     ISnio,  jip.  8G.     Concord,  182:2. 

7.   The  New  Military  Guide,  a  coni]-iilalion  of  Pvules  and  Regu- 
lations for  the  use  of  the  Militia.     12mo,  pp.  Ml.      C\»ncord,  1S22. 
N.    The   New  Hampshire   Annual    Regi.Mer  and   United    Slate- 

■  r*?.  Calendar,  published  annually  at  Concord,  from  1^-22  to  1S3^,  inclu- 
sive, seventeen  numbers,  each  consisting  of  144  pages,  ISmo,  ex- 
cepting those  for  182:3  and  1824,  which  were  in  12mo,  pp.  iri2, 132. 

0.   A  Gazetteer  of  the   State  of  New   Hampshire,  with  a  Map, 
and    several    J'higravlngs,   (in   conjunction   wiih  .lacob    B.    !Moore. 
.    •  •'       I-]s(|.)  J2mo,  pj).  27G.     Concord,  1^23. 

10.   Collections,    Historical    and    Miscellai]et)us,    (in    connection 

'    with  J.  n.  iAIoore,  I-^scj.)  3  vols.  8vo,  pp.  302,  3S8,  38^.     With  an 

Appendix  to  Vols.  II.  and  HI.  pp.  1 10,  07.     Concord,  1822,  1823. 

■  .       .  1824. 

■  •  '  11.  .Afemoir  of  the  Penacook  Indians,  published  in  an  Appendix 
to  Moore's  Annals  of  Concord,  1824.     8vo,  pp.  7. 

12.  A  Genealogical  Register  of  the  First  Settlers  of  New  Eng- 
••  land,  containing  an  Al|ihabetieal  List  of  the  Governors,  Deputy 
Governors,  Assistants  or  Connsellors.  and  Ministers  o{  the  Gosj)el. 
in  the  several  Colonies,  from  1G20  to  1G92  ;  Repivsentaiives  of  the 
General  Court  of  iAIassachuselts,  from  1C31  to  1G02  ;  (graduates  of 
Harvard  College,  to  1GG2  ;  Members  of  the  Ancient  and  Honorable 
Artillery  Company,  to  1GG2  ;  I-'reenicii  admitted  to  the  Massachu- 
setts Colony,  from  lfi30  to  l(i(i2  ;  with  many  other  of  the  early 
inhal)itan(s  of  New  Fmgland  and  Hong  Island,  N.  A'.,  from  1G20 
to  the  year  ]()7r) ;  to  wlhi'li  are  added  various  (Jeiu'alogieal  and 
Biographical  Notes,  colleeted  from  Ancient  lucords.  Manuscripts, 
and  printed  Works. 

18.  A  Catechism  of  the  History  o{  New  Hampshire,  from  its 
first  settlement,  for  Schools  and  Families.  ]8mo,  jip.  87.  Concord, 
1829.     Second  edition,  I'^mo,  pp.  108,  in  I "^30. 


i     •;  >r>ir  fA     ;  \ 


;  \  .'  '■ 


I   ,'1    ,<.i' 


!'    I-.;.' 


'.i       :   J,  -     'Ji.  i 


I  .1 


i    ,;V'  t  i.>.    ;  ■»j,ij^f;  '■  > 


f     ;■, 


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1  •.!..>•>'. 


v 


■!      ■•/»     I'. 


)  ,   ■•'         /•    .wM'i^ 


\<^[j]         ;  John  Juirmer,  M.  A. 

1-1    Thr  f«,K-ora  Dircctorv.     12,no,  pp.  21.     Conconl,  1-30. 
ir,;  Payors,  Dccon.,  ancrMemlK-r.  ol'  .l,e  Fir.,l  Cc'"S-f' '"J"! 
Churcl,  in  Co,K-or,I,  X.  ]I.,  fi-om  Nov.  1^  1730,  to  >ov.  ]>,  1   .50. 
Svo,  pp. 'il.     Concord,  l^oO. 

1.;    An  eclhion  of  ,1„.  ConM.tulion  of  N.sv  IT.mpsl.irc    w,  h 

a„os,i«ns;  cksign«l  for  ,l,c  use  of  A.adomios  unci  D,sn-,c.  frcl.ool. 

insnidSimle.     ISino,  pp.  OS.   Conconl,  1S31. 

.        17.  A  now  edition  of  15ell,n:,p;  containing  vnvions^  CotTeet.on, 

I    ntul  lllnslmtion.  of  the  first  and  seeond  volntyes  of  !>■  «^  '""1' ' 

\    History  of  New  llampsltire,  and  additional  I'aHs  and  Nott.e.  ol 

Persons  and  Even,.,  tl.erein  .uentioned.     P.d>lisl,ed  ,n  1  vol.  .vo, 

\    ''■'ia  Paifers'in  tlie'seeond  and  Third  Series  of  the  Mtrs^achusetts 

Historical  Collections.  -  ,.„„^,r,1„. 

19.  Papers  in  the  five  publislted  volntnes  of  Colleet.on.  o.  the 
New  Ilampsldre  Historical  Society.  ^  „1,„- nf 

20.  Papers  in  the  American  Qnavtcrly  Pegtster,  vi>^j  Sl->cl"  J| 
,hc  Fir.s,  Gra.lnates  of  Parnnonlh  Cllegc  from  1 . -1  .o  1--. 
List  of  the  Congregational  and  Presbytertan  M..n>  e,.~  ol  Ne 
Hmpshire,  from  its  firs,  settle.nen.  to  1S14 ;  List  "'  ;'«'  f'™- 
ates  of  all  Ihe  Colleges  of  New  Knglan.l,  «--"S^^  ;;'.";,  ■"„ 
natncs-  Li^t  of  eigl.l  hundred  and  lorty  deceased   M,  tn-tc.  w  lio 

^Ig'radnated  at  "Harvard  College,  fro.n  Uil2  -  1-20,  together 
wdth  their  ages,  the  time  of  their  gradnatiot.  and  of  the.r  de  ea=^, 
I„d  Memoirs  of  Ministers  who  have  gradnat,.,!  a,  Harvard    Col- 

''V:JtL  obvious  that  these  worUs  re<p,ir..d  severe  labor  and 
unwearied  care  in  their  preparation.      Of  Mr.  F arnter  s  edttton  r 
Belknap's  History  of  New  Hatnpsltirc  ,1  ts  snihctcnt  t    sa  ,  tha 
the  wo  U  is  very  much  i.u,.roved  by  Hie  Annotator,  who  h.t.~  em 

d    d     great  mass  of  valuable  u.atter  in  bis  notes  rclat.vc  to 
„     cts  :i  which  he  trca.cl.     I.  was  his  intention  to  have  prcpa  e< 
:Jccond  volume  for  the  press,  and  he  had  co  lected  a  .„...  of 
materials  for  the  .-ork,  but  did  n,>.  live  to  aceotup  >h   -        ^  ' 

The  Genealogical  Rcgistc.r  is  a  most  wot.dcrfnl  "■"'"""  ° 
„er      e  ing  industrv.     1.  tuay  justly  be  called  his  ,,:„  ,eo,-/,-,  bo  1 
naceontu  of  the' cprantity  of  .natter  .vhich  >.  contams  and  . 
aurteubv  of  tracing  out  branches  of  famthcs,  where  -        -  - 
rc^nlav' genealogy.      It  emhtaees   nrany  thottsan.U   ol  n.u   .     ol 
persons,  with  dates  of  birth,  death,  ollices  sustatned,  p  ace,  o         .- 
cnee,  .^c,  chielly  through  the  seventeenth  ccnturv.     1  or  one  w  bo 


<•■'.■'■     '.■•- 


U^,m'^ 


U^hu:        'I 


'•■:■'    ■'"''."    '1'''    ''>  'I'll    i.(- 


,  n'-r.-y. 


I    i;'    -1'    .' 


^'   I.  '■'.  t  ■  i.i;    *     .I.e.'  )      ■ 


J     :vl  ) 


i'.'f  ;, ;   il    ii!' 


"(irfivi 


,.'•. 


.'iM 


...  t    'i 


■  •'■•'.  w.  ': 
Mii/'j';"*!    ,' 


.1,., 


.1  'i; 


16  .■'.'■■        Memoir  of  '        [Ja/i. 

is  fond  of  iT|>n:>alogical  invcslig;itioiis,  llicro  is  no  trensnrc-liouso 
lilcc  it.  There  are  but  a  few  snriinincs  found  in  New  England; 
during  the  two  centuries  of  our  existcnee,  which  do  not  tlicre 
appear.     Had    Mr.    Faruier    jiublished    notliing   else,    this    would 

•  ,      I     remain  a  lasting  monunient  of  his  jiatient  research  and  marvellous 

accuracy.     lie  has  left  a  corrected   copy  of  his  Kegistcr.  greatly 

enlarged  by  successive  additions,  corrections,  and  illustrations.     He 

has  also  left  several  valnabh.;  manuscripts,  more  or  less  complete, 

•    containing  i^k'etches  of  deceased  liawyers,  Physicians,  Counsellors, 

iV  s.i  and  Senators  in  New  Hampshire  ;  Tables  of  Mortality  and  Longev- 
ity ;  Memoirs  of  more  than  two  thousand  early  graduates  of  Harvard 
College,  and  also  of  m-my  graduates  of  Dartmouth  College.  Those 
of  Hartmonth  College  consist  only  of  a  fev\'  memoranda  of  those 
•  individuals  who  received  their  degrees  prior  to  1799.^ 
vv.r.v  ^^  great  labor,  and  tlic  one  on  which  Mr.  Farmer  had  been 
engaged  for  a  considerable  time  ])revious  to  his  death,  was  the 
oxamining  and  arranging  of  the  State  Papers  at  Concord.  Under 
a  resolution  of  the  Legislature  of  New  Hampshire,  approved  Jan. 
3,  lSo7,  he  was  appointed  to  "  examine,  arrange,  index,  prepare 
for,  and  superintend  the  binding,  and  othervrisc  preserving,  such  of 
the  public  papers  in  the  archives  of  the  State,  as  may  be  deemed 
M-orthy  of  sucli  care."  Of  this  species  of  labor,  no  one  knows  the 
extent  and  difficulty,  unless  he  has  either  himself  been  versed  in  it, 
or  has  frequently  watched  its  progress  when  undertaken  by  others. 
Mr.  Farmer,  in  a  letter  to  a  distinguished  literary  friend  in  Massa- 
chusetts, written  in  August,  1S]7,  says,  in  reference  to  it,  "that  Ke 
has  had  a  great  burden  resting  on  him  for  the  last  four  or  five 
months;"  and  adds,  "the  records  and  files  were  in  great  confusion, 
no  attempt,  having  been  made  for  arranging  and  binding  a  regular 
series  of  the  former  or  for  properly  labelling  and  classifying  the  lat- 
ter. In  a  few  cases,  I  believe,  there  were  papers  of  three  centuries 
in  the  same  bundle.  This  will  serve  to  give  you  an  idea  of  the 
confusion  in  which  I  found  them.  I  began  first  with  the  Province 
Records,  arranged  under  three  diflerent  heads:  1.  Journals  of  the 
House;  2.  Journals  of  tlie  Ct)uncil  and  As^emljly  ;  o.  Journals  of 
the  Council..  The  Journals  of  the  House  received  my  first  atten- 
tion. 'J'hesc  I  foiuid  to  commence  in  1711,  and  from  that  time  to 
177-3,  they  existed  in  twenty  dillerent  portions,  some  in  leaves,  and 

*  These  Memoirs  of  crnnliiates  :it  Ilarv.ir.l  nn.l  DartiiioiHh  ro!le-os  wore,  airreenl)ly  to  the 
desire  ol  .^]r.  Furnicr,  phu'cd  la  the  hands  of  llic  l^ev.  It.  Co-swi  11  oI"  Bostou,  lor  his  dis- 
posal. 


'\o  ••'^;^wiir. 


ij":     ■  i*    :;  •;/;    .'       ■■>■ 


I .      v- 


I  ■  •    •••■!  ;.i  ■ 


I  ■  ,,. 


■  :  :    ' ,  I  ■  ■ ;  ' '        ^  '  : !    .  :  !  ■    ■  : ' 


\    Jv'V  :i    ■.    >)!■  '     .-   ;(( 


V     ,        ''I' 


I'.'s   ■  •.!. 


_ ,  I 


('..■<■■ 


1847.]  John  Farmer,  JL  A.  17 

in  mere  paper  books,  of  a  few  slicels  each.  Only  tlirce  or  four 
were  bound  volutnes.  I  arranired  the  whole  so  as  1o  make  ei'Mit 
volumes  ;  eopying  about  three  hundred  l)ages,  which  would  not 
conform  in  size.  These  have  been  bound  in  Russia  leather,  with 
spring  backs,  and  make  a  handsome  array  of  folios,  c-onlaining 
3,813  pages.  The  Council  anil  Assembly  Records,  beginning  1G09 
and  ending  1774,  in  five  volumes,  large  folio,  and  containing  2,'2G0 
pages,  next  were  arrangi^d,  and  are  now  ri-ady  for  the  l)in(I(  r.  The 
Council  records  are  imi)erfect,  audit  will  be  necessary  loco}>y  much 
from  the  files  before  they  nrr  ready  to  bind.  Besides  these,  I  have 
collected  the  speeches  and  messages  of  tlie  Provincial  CJovcrnors, 
from  1G99  to  1775,  arranged  them  in  chronological  order,  and  ha\0 
had  them  bound  in  three  handsome  volumes  of  about  1,-100  pages. 
I  will  not  mention  the  amount  of  papers  in  files  which  I  have  been 
over,  new  folded,  and  labelled." 

Governor  Ilill,  in  his  aiuuial  message  to  the  Legislature,  in  June, 
1837,  says:  "  Under  the  resolution  of  the  last  session.  .Tohn  I'armer, 
Esq.,  has  for  several  wcelcsljecn  engaged  in  arranging  f(.)r  bindjm^'and 
preservation  the  shattered  records  and  ]ni1)lic  papers  in  the  archives 
of  this  Slate.  Perhaps  a  century  may  occur  Ijcfore  another  person 
with  his  peculiar  tact  and  talent  shall  appear  to  undertake  this 
work.  Although  of  extremely  fec'ble  health,  there  is  not  probably 
any  other  person  in  the  Stale,  who  can  readily  perform  so  much  — 
none  so  well  versed  in  its  history,  and  who  has  like  him  traced 
from  the  root  upwards,  the  rise  and  progress  of  governmcnl  in  the 
land  of  the  Pilgrims,  and  the  origin  and  spread  of  every  considera- 
ble faiuily  name  in  New  England." 

And  in  his  message  of  June,  1838,  Governor  Hill  thus  speaks  : 
"In  my  last  animal  communication  to  the  Legislature,  the  progress 
made  in  the  examination  and  arrangement  of  our  public  archives, 
by  John  Farmer,  Esq.,  was  mentioned.  Since  that  time,  with  a 
method  and  perseverance  deserving  high  jiraise,  Mr.  I'\u-mer  has 
prosecuted  his  labors,  until  the  appropriation  then  made  has  been 
exhausted,  and  a  small  additional  exi)ense  incurred.  Twenty-three 
volumes  have  been  bound  in  a  neat  and  substantial  manner. 
Among  these  volumes,  is  one  containing  the  Associateil  Test 
Returns,  which  has  the  original  signatures  of  8,199  citizens  of  this 
Slate,  al)ove  the  age  of  twenly-one  years,  who  '  solenmly  engaged 
and  promised  that  they  would  to  the  utmost  of  their  power,  al  the 
risk  of  their  lives  and  fortunes,  with  arms,  oppose  the  hostile  jiro- 
ccedings    of    the    Ikitisli    fleets    and    armies    against    the     United 


TI 


>    .■;!■ 


•1  .;;';,(   •,•,.    -I'^r    -■ 


■^: 


MC'^i  H^{  ti"  .,:;![- V   ■  j.^yO 


■k^--^ 


.r.    I 


V-?:.v 


'  •    * ' 


7    •'^  .r 


J    i;  )-      ,<< 


^ 


^    I.    T    :■     J-. 


J. 


-lo  IMcnwir  of  '  ;      [Jan. 

Amcrlcriii  Colonies.'  'J'lils  pledge,  it  should  be  remembered,  pre- 
ceded the  Deelaratiou  of  IndepcJidence  several  inoiiliis.  Il  was, 
Iherefore,  in  the  language  of  a  nole  prefixed  by  Mr.  Fanner,  1o  this 
volume,  'a  bold  anrl  JKuardous  ^tep,  in  suljject.';,  thus  to  resist  the 
authority  of  one  of  the  most  i)o\verful  sovereigns  in  the  world. 
Had  the  eause  in  whieh  these  men  pledged  their  lives  and  fortunes 
failed,  it  would  have  subjected  every  individual  who  signed  it,  to 
the  pains  and  penalties  of  treason  ;  to  a  cruel  and  ignominious 
death.'  In  my  oj)inion,  the  cost  to  the  Slate  of  this  enterprise,  by 
the  man  of  all  others  best  qualified  for  such  an  undertaking,  Ijcars 
no  comparison  to  its  importance  :  it  is  hoped  the  Legislature  will 
direct  Mr.  Farmer  to  j)ersevere  until  he  completes  the  worlc.  Let 
every  fragment  of  our  history  be  preserved;  let  us  sufier  nothing 
to  be  lost." 

The  Legislature  wisely  responded  to  the  suggestions  of  the 
Governor.  Mr.  Farmer  was  continued  in  the  work  ;  and  his  life 
was  prolonged  until  he  had  accomplished  the  most  dilTicult  portion 
of  the  task  confided  to  him. 

"We  know  that  jMr.  Farmer  placed  an  humble  estimate  upon  liis 
labors.  lie  well  understood  the  general  indillerence  of  the  public 
to  ])ursuits  of  this  nature.  The  direction  of  the  living  ami  moving 
crowd  is  onward  ;  and  he  who  busies  himself  in  gathering  up  the 
memorials  of  the  past,  will  be  left  behind,  — himself  and  his  labors 
too  generally  unrewarded  and  forgotten.  IMr.  Farmer  has  done 
perhaps  more  than  any  other  individual  in  collecting  and  preserving 
the  materials  for  our  local  history,  and  establishing  accuracy  in  its 
details.  lie  investigated  faithfully,  took  nothing  upon  trust,  and 
rested  on  reasonable  conclusions  only  where  absolute  c-erlainly 
could  not  be  attained.  IMany  have  expressed  surprise  that  Mr. 
Farmer  could  have  been  so  indefatigable  and  painstaking  in  his 
pursuits.  But  the  fondness  for  these  investigations  grows  with 
indulgence.  Success  in  establishing  an  old  fact  is  a  triumph  over 
time.  Facts  established  are  the  warj)  and  woof  of  history  ;  and 
the  diligent  antiquary  thus  gives  to  history  its  main  materials, 
voracity  and  fidelity,  when  enlightened  i)hiloso[)hy  steps  in  and 
completes  the  work. 

We  have  already  mentioned,  that  IMr.  Farmer  was  one  of  the 
three  or  four  gentlemen  only  in  New  Hampshire,  who  have  been 
clecled  Corresponding  Members  of  the  Massachusetts  Historical 
Society.  He  was  also  a  Corresponding  Meiriber  of  the  Khode 
Lland  and  Maine  Hislorieal  Societies,  and  of  the  American  Anti- 


;rwi'';  t;  .  •  .1-. 


•I      ;  t  :      !  r.j.li'. 


I^ ; ; ' . 


I    Vi        I    I         I 


':;;.l;      ..;..'^ 


'■'■''■':   ■•>'    ll    ■■;■  'U  I   ■  ■  ■ 


if  '       i\' '  '.('  '■■  •;■  i   :.  )    ; "  :  ■■■■ . 


11.  .'vt;: 


nirJ, 


isr 


Joint  FiiDiicr,.  M.  A. 


19 


I' 


qnarian  Soc-irlv-     He  ^^-a.  also  .U-cU-cl  in  August,  iSi.,  a  rnnnbcr 
of  Iho  Royal  Society  of  Norlliern  Anticiuaries  at  Copcnl.a-cn. 

There  Nvas  searcely  u  lovelier  or  more   prominent   trait  m  Mr. 
Farn.er'.  c-haraeter,  than   the   ever  fresh   and   ofrectionato   mtcrost 
whieh   ho   took   in   the   intelleelnal   improvement   an.l    moral    cul- 
ture of  the  voun-.     Having  no  family  of  his  ONvn   to  engage  lus 
khul  and   ge.H^ron.^  anVetions,  a  chief  source  of  hai.p.ness  to  Inm 
seemed  to  be,  to  act  the  j.art  o{  a  father  and  teacher  to  all  the  youth 
who  Nvere  about  hi.n.     He  encouraged  lyceums  and  literary  asso- 
ciations for  mental  improvement;  often   heard   recitations  m   pri- 
vate; examined  compositions  written   at   his  own  suggestion  ;  and 
directed  the  studies  of  such  as  applied  to  him.     And  such  ^vas  his 
.uavitv  of  manners,  his  instmciive  conversation,  and   inexhaustible 
store  of  historical  anecdote,  that  he  scarcely  ever  laded  to  mspne 
his  pupils  and  intimate  accpudntances  with  a  portion  <,f  his  taste  lor 
literary  and   historical   pursuits.      Those  who   knew  him  resi^eeted 
him.   'Those  who  knew  him  inlin.ately  and  were  Ins  Inends,  lo^ea 
him.     He  wa.  no  dogmatist;  never  a  violent  partisan,  although 
decided   in   his  opinions,  on  whatever  subject  he  c■^))res^ed   tlumi. 
He   possessed   native   delicacy   and  refinement   ol   character.     Ao 
harsh  expressions  fell  from  his  lips  or  proceeded  from  Ins  pen.    He 
was  nevertheless  .pdek   and   sensitive  to  the  distinctions  between 
riMit  and  wrong,  and  steadily  threw  his  iniluencc  mto  the  scale  ol 
truth.     His  was  a  gentle  spirit,  seeking  cp.iet  and  afleetion,  like 
Cooper's   though  without   his   vein    of  melancholy  ;    and,  thougli 
instinctively  shrinking  from  vice,  he  was   not  disposed  harshly  to 
vi^it  the  oliender.     He  had  zeal  but  it  was  die  zeal  of  a  catholic 
spirit,  and  of  kind  aflections-the  spirit  of  the  Christian  and  gen- 
tleman, which  respect.'d  the  feelings  of  others,  in  whatever  Mluation 
or  circumstances  of  life. 

All  who  were  accpiainted  with  Mr.  Farmer,  will  respond  to  the 
anectionate  and  just  tribute,  which  fell  from  the  lips  ol  the  llev.  Mr 
Bouton,  on  the  occasion  of  his  funeral :  "  We  believe  our  departed 
friend  and  fellow-citi/en  possessed  the  spirit  of  a  Christian.    Owing 
to  bodily  weakness  and  infirmities,  he  could  not  attend  public  wor- 
ship on  the  Sabbath,  or  be  present   al   any   public  meeting,     -but 
wc  know  he  was  a  firm  believer  in  the  duetrines  of  Christianity  ;  a 
re-ular  contributor  to  tlic  support  of  divine  worship;  an  intelligent 
ai^d  frecpient  reader  of  the  Holy  Scriptures  ;  and  that  he  ever  cher- 
'       ished  and  manifested  the  proloundest  reverence  for  the  inM.tutions 
and  ordinances  of  religion,  and  particularly  a  re.pect  lor  thri.tian 


T'HUiv'" 


tit-'    ••.  ^' 


r.    ■(","•'( 


-11   '^i.;-!. 


0-       ;-ll    ■„.  X 


...'    ::>'!     ;i.V/  .  ji!    'rj.        (  ;r I       'n   >!' 


.1^    /f 


.:)1M    !<..  --  I  '(I 


:i 


■i'yi- 


:)  I , 


•r'li.'l  UT.Q 


.■^,  .  20  ...  Memoir  of  John  Fanner,  31.  A.  [Jan. 

ministers  o^  every  denoniiiiation,  \v1k)?o  conduet  beeamc  their  pro- 
fession. His  spirit  and  views  were  eminently  ealholic.  lie  loved 
the  good  of  every  name,  and  eheerfully  united  with  them  in  all 
approved  efforts  and  measures  for  tlie  advaneement  of  truth  and 
ri"hlconsne?s,"  lie  annuallv  eonlribuled  to  the  Bible,  Missionary,  t 
and  other  Charitable  Soeielies;  and  no  man  living,  perhaps,  felt  a  | 
p.,  deeper  interest  in  the  suecess  of  the  great  enterprises  of  Christian 

P'  benevolence,  than  did  i\Ir.  I'armcr. 

|:  His  last  siekness  was  short.     Few  of  his  friends  were  aware  of 

$        ., .    his  danger,  till  it  was  evident  that  he  could  not  long  survive.     Many 
t  gladly  oflered  their  serviees   to  wait  upon  him,  and  watch  around 

?.  his    dying-bed;    but  the  privilege  of   this  was  reserved   to  a  few 

':         ,       early-chosen  friends.     He  waiUed  to  be  still  and  tranquil.     To  a    , 
;.  dear  friend,  who  stood  by  him,  to  watch  every  motion   and  meet    \ 

every  wish,  he  expressed  peace  of  mind,  and   consolation   in   the 
hope  of  eternal  life  through  Jesus  Christ.     On  the  evening  of  the 
Sabbath  before  his  decease,  he  desired  the  same  friend  to  sing  to 
■■  .    him  a  favorite  hymn,  v/liich   she  did.     His  reason  remained  un- 

clouded to  the  last,  and  he   gently   f«'ll  asleep  in  death,  at  a  few 
minutes  past  G  o'clock,  on   Monday  morning,  the  l-Jlh  of  August,     , 
ISoS,  in  the  lOlh  year  of  liis  age.  » 

ij  Upon  the  plain  white  marble  stone,  marking  the  jilacc  where  the     *• 

I'  mortal  remains  of  Mr.  I'^armer  lie,  is  the  following  inscription:  i 

|.^;'  \ 

\'-  "John  Farmer,  born  at  Chelmsford,  Mass.,  '22  June,  17^0;  Died     ; 

■..•     in  this  town,  13  August,  1S:3S;  yEt.  49  years.  ,| 

Honored  as  a  man;  '       1 

ITistinguished  as  an    Anti(piarian   and    Scholar;  ! 

lleloved  as  a  friend;  j 

And  revered  as  a  Christian  Philanthropist ;  • 

^  ■  '    '  .  :         And  a  lover  of  impartial  liberty  ;  ^ 

1^^      :^'         Hia  death  has  occasioned  a  void  in  Society, 
AVhich  time  will  fail  to  sujiply  ; 
"...         And  the  reason  and  fitness  of  which, 
'     '  As  to  tiiue  and  jnanner,  and  attendant  circumstances. 

Eternity  alone  can  fully  unfold." 


V 


>.  Ar. 


■  i  /     ■ '  i  • '  ' . . 


.•|'V:tvr; 


■■■■     '.■•'/.  -I   '■•-;'''■     ■  iJ7/    -Ml  .:      !'5 


.;  M  '"■  ..,,. 


'  I .  /'  \'  ' 


r;/      !('•    a     .)[,'-;, 


''91  !>'tt/'' 


1S47.]         Ocneahg-lcal  Memoir  of  the  Farmer  Family. 


21 


GENEALOGICAL  MEMOIR  OF  THE  FARMER  FAMILY, 


KcinodLllcel  aiiJ  Treiiarcl  on  n  Now  I'laii. 


U  Y      9  A  M  U  K  I' 


D  R  A  K  i:  ,      M  .    A 


Explanation  of  the  I'hin. 


i 


nail. 

whole    G^'McaloLry,   iir«   to 


whole  U>nea.o,y,  are  .u  .uu.  "  ^  «  ^  ^^^.^"0  '  Lni-  ---^-'-f 
desceiuk-a  tVo.n  the  same  anceatu,  bat  >''';;;  ^^^^  ^7\i,,l,,,j,,,,s  ,,_,y  bo 
every  p..son  is  seen  al  a  ^'^"^f  >  ."'  ^^    .'^.^^'^'^^.^V^'^.a  farilitv.     Ono  numb.r 


cases,  that  ^»<-'\''''>'V''"^^  ;"'^':  :  3  ,n  a  0  fou,ul  ;  remembcMin-  that 
phcn  in  the  series  whcie  the  [^•^^^■^^"\'-\Vn  show  lie  lUH.iber  of  elulJren 
he   lloman  numerals  are  only  em;)lo  ed   to  ^liow  llie  m  .   u  , 

helon^n,   to  the  -me   i^rlicular  ^-^:^  J^  --?£.; aLlu!it  ^olun^ng 
shows,  that  thi<  person  is  No.  IS  in  t.i .  ^^-';"JJ  -V;    sullicientlv  obvious.     The  '^ 

*^  "•:;.?  hr,u'r,:;sU-Ti™rin,:io  ai.in,.,.h  ...cn  no.  *„.c  of  >.. 
lEIfe-s^'o^^^^^ 

make  a  ,enealoy.c-al  memoir  so ;  f.  it  ^-H  ■  ■  >  '^"  ';^  in.bvidaals,  not 
oflcl.  fou„d  llmt  :nu..y  so  |x«3.-J  ovor,  '  "''^'^''.i'  ;^„; ",•;,•;"       ,.,  „  ,„.„-  draft 


i'5!w')*V 


,;> 


Y;.   !'■  .  "^    .KiKIUi- 


^il'jv-;''     /;.:V ;;;;.! 


'if 


; ;»  M  /.  ;i '.:     .  {• 


if  .,  . ,     ■ :  , 


H',f>f'iL'       lU   ■ttlii  •>   c-   ft  .  Ii 


22  Gcii€alo'j:iral  Memoir  of  [Jan.  ^ 

i 

wlu'iu'vor  \v(,'  lliid  llicni,  witli  tlie  sMinc  ninnciiciil  nTcrences,  &c.,  as  rmnloyed   % 

throiiiiliuut.     'I'lius,  ill  the  lullowiii.,^   ^ieiualoiiv  w<!  liavu  .seveial    plact-d  in  ihis   ^^ 

manner   for  illustration;  as   fur  example,  (lUJ)  III.  Ciiaklottk'' fall.-i  into  llie 

series,  with  her  ilesoenJants   at  (1~I),  while  [^2)  I.   EowAUb'  does  noi  fall  in 

till  (17G),  and  so  of  a  few  others. 

Ill   preparing  this  memoir  the   reader  must  rememlier,  that  the  author  pub-   I 

lishcd  it  in  1828,  and  hence,  tliat  the  present  tense  often  nsed  by  him,  has  refer-   % 

ence  1o  the   ilale  of  pul)lieali()n.      We   make  this  iiole  to   avoid   too   frecjuent    f 

interpolat'ons   in  brackets.     .Mr.    Farmer  liad   printed  in    1813,  sniulry  Family 

Records  of  dillerent  branches  of  the  family,  and  in  18'2-1,  lie  issned  an  Appendix 

to  it.    This  with  tlie  other  part  made  about  30  pai,a's  in  IHmo.    Tlieoe  cuiitaineJ 

I  a  good  deal  not  fcjuiul  ia  his  last  work.     All  three  are  here  incorporated  into  a 

]  reirtilar  and   continuous  genealogy.     The  ctipies  of  the  liist  two  printed  works 

I  which   I   have  uscil,  have   inanv  manuscript  additions  and  corrections  in  the 

I  author's  own  hand.     The  title-page  of  the  .Memoir  runs  thus: 

i 

A  GK\r:Ai,()fiicAr-  mi-moiii  ok  'I'lii:  family  hv  tiii-:  nami".  oi'  r Ait.\ii:i{,  who 

1'  s;i.yi'TLi:D  .VT  I;IL1J:H1CA,  .M=       11i.n>.iiam,  Iahmlu  .V  iii.uw.N,   I'la.NTEi.:,  1;-'; 

1- 

t  [Till!  iVjIlriwiiig  Di'ili.-aiiuii  is  upuu  llic  buck  uf  ilie  liile-na,'e.] 

*■■••■       ■     ' 

\f'  To  .Ii'.DiDiAH   Fa  R.MP.K,  The  following  Memoir  of  our  .\ncestors,  collected  from 

|v  various  aMthentie  sources,  and  with   eonsitierable  eiKpiiry  and   investii^ation, 

£■  is  oUered    to  you  as  a  token  vi  fraternal   legard  and  allectiou,  by  your  allec- 

f  iiouate  brother,                                                                                 Joii.s    FAi;Mi;n.         « 

L         ■  Concord,  \.  II.,  January  2Sj  1S2S.                               ..                                               ^ 

1^        •      ■    ■•  ••    ■'  ■         . 

V  ^    ..>—-•      •  '■      .,■:■  MEMOIR.  ■  ^    '■'••'      -  J 

^'  ;  .  .  .  .        .  .         * 

The  SLiiname  of  FAtiMEii  is  one  of  considerable  antiquity,  and  is    \ 
>■•'.  ,       one  oT  tliuse  uanies   derived   froiu  uecii[)atiuus  or  professions,  which,     \ 

i/  next  to  local  names,  or  those   derived  from  the  names  of  places,  are     ' 

f ,  .  the    most    numerous.*     It    comes    from   the    Saxon   term    Fcannc  or    ? 

;•'        .  ■       Fconne,  which  signillcs  food  or  provision.!    Bnt  some  think  it  derived    \ 
;:■■'  from  Finna,  which  signilies  a  [dace  enclosed  or  shut  in  ;  and  some 

contend  Ibr  its  French  etymology  I'rom  the  word  Fcinie. 

The  Far.micks,  so  far  as  my  researches  will  enable  me  to  conjecture, 
were  of  Saxon  origin,  and,  in  the  reign  of  Edward  IV.,  Kmg  of  Eng- 
land, were  seated  in  Northamptonshire,  where  they  remain  to  the 
,.^  j)resent  day.  They  resided  at  Ivastun-Neslon  about  l-lbO.  Anne,  the 
daughter  of  llichard  Farmer,  Escp,  of  that  place,  married,  before  lolo, 
William  Lucy,  and  their  sou,  Sir  Thomas  Lucy  t)f  Charlecote,  knighted 
by  Ciueen  Elizabelh,  in  lt3G.3,  was  the  knight  and  magistrate  whose 
name  is  associated  with  some  of  the  early  events  of  the  life  of 
Shakspcare.  "William  Farmer,  created  Lord  Leinster  in  1GII2,  tlie 
ancestor  of  the  present  carl  of  Pomlict,  resided  at  Ivaston-Neston. 
Jasper  Farmer,  one  of  this  family,  is  said  to  be  the  anccslor  of  the 
Farmers  in  the  State  of  Pennsylvania. 

From  Northamptonsliiro  ilu-y  seem  to  have  spread  over  several  of 
tlie  contiguous  counties  before   the  middle  of  the   sixteenth  century; 
'       being   fotmd   in    Leicestershire   as  early  as  1190,   in  AV'arwickshire   in 
lolo,  and  in  Sliro|isliire  at  nearly  the  same  jjcriod. 

Sir  William  Dngdale,  in  his  Anti(piilies  of  \\'arwickshire,  mentions 
j'  Fiichard  Farmer  and  his  wife,  and  John  their  son,  and  .^]aud  his  wife, 


;■. 


*  .See  Caniilen's  Ruinains, 'Ito,  Lomloii,  1'j03. 

f  Skiinier's  Etymnloyicon  Lin^'uio  AnglicaiKc.     Spcliuaii's  Glossarium  Arcliaolog-icum. 


1^     •      .    ,!V.'. 


.'>;  ■ 


;     J): 


.r: 


1  r 


)■.•.■.    ;•!((.      •:'■' 


1847.] 


the  Fanner  Fiuniltj.    ik"'''  'f 


23 


to  whom,  and  ihc  heirs  male  of  the  -aiJ  John,  ihc  i.hicc  or  pan.li  of 
Merslon-Jiolelcr  in  thi\t  connly,  was  -granted  by  !hc  Kuii;.s  Letters 
Patent,  dated  November  23,  lolo.  He  also  names  llev.  Lhumas 
Vann-r.  minister  of  the  parish  of  Austrcy  in  XoVl,  and  ilcv  .loliu 
Fanner,  incumbent  of  the  ehnreh  in  I'.agm-lon,  1.>j-J,  and  h.'V.  dieh- 
ard, of  the  ijarish  of  Ashowc. 

K  Farmer  Esq,  of  Kennington  Common,  near  London,  miorms 
me*  that  his'aneeslors  as  far  btiek  as  ho  had  been  able  to  tiaee  lliem. 
bclon<red  to  Oldbnry,  near  Lridgenorlh,  in  Shropslnre,  and  that  then- 
names  were  Edward.  Thomas  Farmer,  Es<i.,  one  of  the  >  ana-ers  ot 
the  British  and  Foreign  Bible  Society,  is  of  this  fannly.  Lev.  llngli 
Farmer,  the  learned  author  of  the  Dissertation  on  Miracles,  and  other 
Iheologieal  works,  was  of  Shroi-shire,  and  was  born  at  a  plaee  enlled 
Isle  Cate,  belonging  to  u  small  hamlet  almo.-t  surrounded  by  llie  river 
Severn,  a  few  miles  from  Shrewsbnryt 

The  braneli  of  the  family  traced  in  the  following  pages  was  lorinerly 
seated  in  Leicestershire,  on  the  borders  of  Warwickshire  ;  and  about 
1-500,  were  living  in  the  village  of  Katcliffe-Cuiley,  near  ^^  iih.'dy.  Ul 
those  who  resided  there  at  that  period,  I  am  unable  to  speak  with  any 
de-ree  of  certainty,  having  the  advantage  of  nu  records  _ or  lamily 
mcmiorials.  The  late  Kev.  llichard  Farmer.  1).  D.,  ol  Cambridge. 
En-land,  made  some  collections  of  a  genealogical  nature,  and  Irom 
these  it  would  seem,  that  the  most  remote  ancestor,  whom  he  had 
iraced  was  Edwaku,  who  is  mentioned  by  Anthony  ^J  ^'^"l  "-^  '''^ 
Athenie  Oxonienses.  and  in  his  Fasti  Oxonienses,  as  bemir  the  C  hancel- 
ior  of  the  Cathedral  church  in  Salisbury,  in  1031;  winch  ulhce  he 
sustained  until  his  death  in  lo^S.  .  -r  , 

John  Faumer  is  the  next  ancestor  of  whom  I  have  any  account, 
and  of  whom  I  have  nothing  more  than  the  fact  found  among  Lev  iJr. 
Farmer's  .MSS.,  that  he  was  living  at  Ansley  in  A\  arwickshne  lu  ILUI. 
]ktween  him  and  Edward  of  Salisbury,  there  were  probably  two  or 
three  generations,  wlu.se  names  cannot  be  given  with  much  eonlidence, 
although  it  is  presumed  from  Cuillim's  Heraldry,  that  the  name  ot  one 

was  Bartholomew.  •      t-      i„  ,  i 

There  has  been  a  considerable  number  of  the  name  m  England, 
and  several  of  them  of  the  Warwickshire  branch  of  the  iamily,  who 
have  been  employed  in  public  bfe,  or  have  been  known  by  their  writ- 
ings.    The   following   list  of  them   has   been  collected   Irom    various 

sources :  ,       ^  i  r    t->      •  i   ..*  ^p 

Antuonv,  who  was  appointed  in  IC.yV.  by  James  If..  IrcMdent  ot 
Magdalen  College;  but.  being  u  papist,  and  there  being  other  objec- 
tions against  his  character,  he  was  superseded  by  Lishop  larker.  k- 

Edward.  "Jn  the  year  L3-J,  in  the  beginning  o  lebn.ary. 
Edward  Leo  became  Ci.ancellor  of  the  church  ot  Salisbury  by  the 
resignation  of  Thomas  Winter,  and  was  succeeded  in  that  dignity  by 
Edward  Faumkr,  in  I)ecend)cr,  l.J:U."s^  ,  ,      ^  .  n  ^n  oo 

GnoRrii;.  Esq.,  who  was  Fruthonotary  ol  the  Court  of  Common  1  leas 

in  UiG3.ll 

*  MS.  LotkT.     Sec  Appeiutix. 

IIuiiic.— '  ioliUinilli,  \'t!. 
^  Wooil's  Atliiriiir  Oxonienses. 
II  (Ii'.lhiu's  llL-niiai-y.aiO. 


/ill  ^'       '  _    '    ?  I.  ;     '„■ ...  I 


3jU  [  Ci 


«    :  .1  jj-".':  II       I/'      r.l'    "      f  ■ 


1,.    ':■     .<■,'•  'I,    ■• 
.    ' '  ■  .     ;  '    .' '    I  - ,  n 

.■■'   ■,   -/  -'.■'/    'I:.       , 


1  ■  '    '  ■  ..'  I 


<  ' ' '   " ''  ,  ! ' 


% 


24  ,  ''/'•••      Gcncalogiral  Memoir  of  [Jan. 

IIatton,  wlio  was  IMajor  of  Piiiice  Charles'  rc;^inient,  and  was  killed 
by  Culham  Bridge,  near  Abingtlon,  Jan.  11,  lGl-3.*'' 

Hugh,  already  mentionetl,  who  was  born  1711,  died  1787,  a.  73. 
Menioir.i  oCliis  Life  and  Writings  were  pubiislied  in  ISOo,  by  INlichael 
Dotlson,  I']s(],,  London,  in  an  oetavo  volume  of  100  pages. 

J.\con,  who  pubiislied  a  "  True  Ilelation  of  tlic  State  of  Ireland," 
London,  KJ 12,  octavo, 
p)  James,  who  was  miniver  of  Leirc,  in  Leicestershire,  and  was  ejected 

'"■  in  IGGO.t 

Jon.\,  v/ho  was  a  madrigaller,  and  who  published  a  work  noticed  by 
Dr.  Rees,  issued  in  lo'.H,  London,  octavo. 

John,  Esq.,  who  v.'as  Governor  of  the  island  of  Barbadoes.t 
John,  who  was  a  clergyman,  and  imblished  twenty  sermons.     Lon- 
don, 1711,  octavo. 

,lon\,   who    published  the    "  History   of  the    Town  and   Abbey  of 
Wallhani  in  Essex,  England."     London,  r73o,  octavo. 
,  Jon.v,  who  was  a  surgeon,  and  jiublished  "  Select  Cases  in  Surgery, 

J:  .       '    '       collected  in  St.  Bartholomew's  Hospital."      l7o7,  in  quarto. 
%•'  PiiisciLf.A,  whose   Life  was  published  in   179C,  by  her  grand-son, 

1**^'  Charles  Lloyd  ^^ 

■j:::  llicuARD,  who  was  a  Baptist  minister,  and  v.-ho  is  noticed  by  Neal  in 

I'"'     '   '  his  History  of  the  Puritans. 

'^;_  '  rbicii.vuD,  who  published  a  sermon  o\\  Luke  xxi:  31.     London,  1G29, 

'<■'  quarto. 

^''  Richard,   D,   D.,  who   publi'jhed  "  An  Essay  on   the   Learning  of  \ 

i'  Shakspeare."     London,  17  GG.  \ 

_*.  Fi-vLrH,  Vv'ho  was  minister  of  St.  Nicholas  in  Somersetshire,  and  was  \ 

ejected    in    IGGO.     He    published    the    "  ^lystcries   of  Godliness  and  ; 
.;■,'•  Ungodliness,  discovered  from  the  writings  of  the  Quakers."     London, 

:'^'  IG-Jo,  quarto,  li  ] 

^'•-  S ,  Esq.,  who  was  a  member  of  Parliament,  1815."^  ; 

.v'";  Thomas,  who  was  born  August  20,  1771,  ne[)hew  of  Dr.   Richard,  j 

C   .  Rector  of  Aspley-Guise  in  Bedfordshire.  ' 

•  Tiio.MAs,  Vi/ho  was  a  printer,  and   }iublished  a  work  called  ''Plain 

is-  Truth,  i.\:c."     London,  17 G3,  quarto. 

Y  "William,  who  wrote  an   Almanac  for  Ireland,  printed    at  Dublin,  > 
15S7,  supposed  to  have  been  the  first  printed  in  that  country.** 

\  William,  of  Magdalen  College,  who  v/as  a  Baronet,  and  was  created 
t:..  Master  of  Arts  in  lGG7.1t  

V  [Thus  far  wc  have  but  the  links  of  a  broken  chain,  which  must 
I'  necessarily  be  the  results  usually  of  attempts  of  this  nature.  Wiiat 
j^'  follows  is  Vv'ithout  any  lost  link  bctv/ecn  those  named  and  a  common 
^•■;  ■  ancestor.]  —  » 

(1)  JoiiN,^  of  Ansley,  who  m.  Isabella  Barbage  of  Great  Packington, 
in  AVarwicIishire,  is  the  first  ancestor  o^  wliom  I  liave 
the  means  of  giving  any  account,  siqiporteil  by  original 
documents  and  family  memorials  in  my  posses.-^ion. 
Ansley,  the  place  of  his  residence,  is  a  small  village  in 
tJio  northerly  part  of  the   county  of  Warwick,  situated 

*  rTiiillim's  IlcraUlrv.  \H\  \\  Calamy,  ii  "''00. 

t  Calaiu)',  Ejeciud  ^liiii-lors,  ii.  -Ij?.  '^,  Lomloii  .MaL-azine,  xli.  2^^. 

j  DouL'la^>'  Siimtnary,  i.  l.'j.').  =*  »^  Watt's  liil'liuiljeoa  Hriiaunira. 

\  tSou  Monlhly  Iteviow.  f  \  Wooil's  Allieiuu  Oxoiiiciisoa. 


t 


.'*'   '.,;'. 


,r.,,.-    ^.j(..,        ,^1, 


■i"-.!.  IJ,.    ■  -ju   ,  -j;!!)     .  /.  ( f)-u  .J,:  ',  ,    :! 


, X    •>■•■   »'    ■','/,; 


!)■    .       ..-.( 


1S17. 


Oie  Fanner  Familij. 


'40 


about  ten  miles  from  llic  city  of  Coventry,  four  from 
Allicrstonc,  wliicli  borders  on  Leicestcrbbire,  and  five  from 
Nnncalon,  a  considcraljle  market  town,  and  has  a  po[)n- 
lation  of  oil.  In  (liis  place,  and  near  Anslcy  Hal!,* 
the  seat  of  the  Ludfords,  he  owned  houses  and  lands, 
which  passed  to  liis  posterity  through  several  genera- 
tions, and  may  still  be  owned  by  his  descendants.  Of 
his  family  1  liavc  procured  some  facts,  which  will 
be  given,  lie  died  before  the  year  1CG9,  and  Isabella, 
bis  widow,  came  with  some  of  her  children  to  New  l'2ng- 
land,  a  few  years  after  this  period,  and  m.  Elder  Thom- 
as Wiswall  of  Caml)ridgc  A'illage,  now  Newton,  who  d. 
Dec.  G,  IGSo.  She  d.  at  Billcrica,  IMay  21,  IG-G,  at  an 
advanced  age. 

The  children  of  this  John  Farmer  were, 

(2)  I.     John-  of  Ansley,  who  had  the  ]>aternal  estate.     He  d.  before 
(9)  1700.  and  his  widow  m.  llichard  Lucas  of  Ansley. 

(3)  II.    M.MiY,-  who  m.  William  Pollard  of  the  city  of  Coventry,  and  d. 

before  1701.     Their  eldest  son,  Thomas,  came   to  New 
'**  England,    m.    Sarah    Farmer,    his    cousin,    settled     in 

Billcrica,  d.  April  ■!,  1721,  leaving  10  sons. 
(1)   III.  Edward,-  who  was  b.  about  1G).I0,  (probably  the  second  son,) 

/i,i\  ^_         AT ...K„ K      «1 *     1  1-  t  1  TT.,     «rx.-.i^     t^ 


(10) 


Mary 


-,  who  was  b.  about  1G!1.     He  came  to 


New  England  between  1G70  and  lG73,t  fixed  his  resi- 
dence at  Billcrica,  and  was  admitted  to  town  rights  and 
privileges  in  that  place,  Jan.  11,  1G73.  He  afterwards 
lived  a  year  or  two  at  Wolnirn,  and  one  of  bis  children 
was  born  there.    In  Billcrica  be  was  chosen  to  several  of 

'-  the  most  important  town  offices,  and  was  cmitloyed  in 

public  service,  until  he  was  quite  advanced  in  life.  He 
had  S  children,  4  sons  and  4  daughters.  To  his  young- 
est son,  Oliver,  lie  gave  the  farm  on  which  he  resided, 
which  is  still  in  possession  of  one  of  his  descendants. 
On  this  farna  have  resided  G  successive  generations,  in 
the  space  of  1-j4  years.  Ho  died  at  Billcrica,  IMay 
27,1727,  a.  about  67.  Mary  his  wife  d.  IMarch  2G,  171G, 
a.  77.  The  male  descendants  of  Edward  Farmer,  of  the 
patronymic  name,  have  nearly  all  l^ecn  agriculturists, 
and  no  one  among  them  has  attained  any  considerable 
civil  or  literary  distinction.  In  the  female  line  of  descent 
,  :  there  have  been  several  of  liberal  education,  and  others 
'•1        who  have  been  honored  with  civil  office. 

The  house  of  Edward  Farmer,  (which   stood  until 
'  after  1728.)  was  fortified  as  a  garrison   for  a  number  of 

-  years.     While  occupied  as  such,  the  following  incident 

*  At  ihis  place  is  the  Hertnitase,  in  whi.-li  is  llie  wi-'l  known  inscrijitiou  written  by 
Thomas  \\'iirlon,  D.  D.,  Ijc^'inniiii,'-  with, 

"  Ht'iioalh  this  ^l(iny  roof  reclined, 
I  suKtlie  to  peace  my  pensive  uiiml." 

t  From  a  deposition,  taken  July  21,  lii'.U,  In  loie  lucliard  Hopkins,  relalin:;:  to  tlie  last 
will  and  lesianieut  of  Mr  lohu  Fanner  ('I"  An>ley,  ml-iumI  l.y  I-Idwaud  F.mimei:,  son 
of  the  said  John,  it  appears  that  ED^^^^nr),  the  deponiTit,  wa»  an  inhatutant  ol"  Ansley  at  that 
time.  It  la,  however,  evident,  that  within  a  lew  years  after,  he  had  become  ."iettled  in  New 
Fn::land.  The  birth  of  his  eldest  son,  in  llwl,  is  inserted  in  the  Keeords  ol'  L'.iUerica. 
although  it  is  doubti'ul  whether  he  settled  there  before  liiTH. 


'V.. 


)         I.  Vtf.  >,')        ,f1 


II.,     ..  r    I,..,     <v, 


"?   ^J.' 


i>   ■''  ,  li.Jr'  J  .oi/t'jjr"'  -iM' 


ui     r     i  ,r 


/    '.,         n. 


:^ 


OQ  ;  Genealogical  Memoir  of  [Jan. 

occnrred.  which  has  been  handed  down  by  tradition  in   [ 
the  family.     During  the  Ten  Years'   Indian  War,  and    ^ 
/  .     .,.  probably  al)onl  the  vcar  1G92,  when  the  first  depredations   j 

'*     '  ■  were  committed  in  the  town  of  BiUerica,  the   Indians   '. 

.      .  meditated  an  attack  on  this  garrison.     For  some  days   ( 

thev  had  been  hirking  in  the  neighborhood  ot  it  withoiU    ^ 
bein- discovered.     Early  in  the  forenoon  of  a  summers 
day  "the  wife  and  daughter  of  Edward  Farmer  went  mto 
the' field   to   gather   peas    or   beans    for   dinner,    being    ; 
attended  by  several  of  her  sons,  who  were  young  lads, 
'    :',  '.       as  a  guard  to  protect  Ihem.     They  had  been  out  but  a    , 
short  time  before  Mrs.  Farmer  discovered  ihat  a  number 
of  Indians  were   concealed  behind  the  fences,  and  so 
' '  .    .     near  that  she  could  almost  reach  them.     Had  she  given 
■     any  alarm,  they  would  probably  have  rushed  from  their 
b.rkiug-places,  seized  the  party  and  lied;  although  their 
o    obiect   ^vas   to    get   possession   of   the   garrison,   which 
.       .      oiiered  more  plunder  and  a  greater  number  of  captives. 
-    ,1^       But   with    admirable    presence   of    inind,   and    without 
•    '"       niakin^^  known  the  discovery  she  had  made,  to  her  sons, 
'  ,  who   might,  with   more    temerity  than    prudence    have 

I.  V  K        attacked  the  Indians,  she  said,  in  a  loud   tone  of  voice, 

"  Bovs  ^uard  us  well  to  the  garrison,  and  then  you  may 
come  back  and  hunt  Indian.-."     The  Indians,  supposing 
;-  they   were   not    discovered,   remained   in    their  hiding- 

-"'"^"  places,  while  the  other  party  soon   left  the  held  for  the 

garrison,  which  thev  reached  in  safety.     Then  the  alarm 
"was  given,  the  people   collected,  and   the  Indians  fled 
•      '■■     .  ■  ■    ,.  with  precipitation.     After  the  return  of  peace,  the  Indians 

i .  ,  ■  \ ,.  declared,  that  had  it  not  been  for  that  "  one  white  squaw, 

¥■■  ■  they  should  have  elTected  their  purpose. 

(5^  IV.      Isabella,-  who  came  to  New  England  .     .  .     ,  ^^,^ 

G     V         Elizabeth,^  who  m.  a  Mr. White,  and  visited  New 

j  ^  England  ab.  IGSl.  .      ,        ,  r   •       • 

!  M^   VI       TnoMAS,^  who  came  to  New  England,  and  was  living  ni 

^^        ■  BiUerica  in  1075  and  16S1.     lie  afterwards   returned  to 

England,  or  removed  elsewhere. 

(8)  VII.     Ann.''"  ^  ,^^        .... 

(9)  VIII.  ,  who  m.  John  Hall,  of  Warwickshire. 

JoiiN^  C2)  of  Ansley  had,  i  ,•      i 

.00)  I   JoHN,^  b.  — -,  who  m.  Sarah  Daws  of  Tamworth,  and  lived 
(18)  at  Nuneaton,  England. 

■Edward^  (4)  had  by  his  wife  Mary,  t>  ,,     i   at 

m     I    SAJH,3whowas  b.  ab.   1G69.  and  m.  Thomas  Pollard,  Nov.. 

19^  1G92,  who  was  son  of  William  Pollard  of  Coventry  Eng- 

':  ^    ^  land,  and  had  issue  10  sons  and  0  daughters       Iliomas 

\  Pollard  d.  at  BiUerica,  Ms.  AprU  -I,  1721.     She  d.  May 

i                     r  P>  H.  John,'  who  was  h.  Aug.  19,  1G71.  and  m.  Abigail  -—.     He 

t                       31)  resided  in  BiUerica.  where  he  d.    Sept.   9.    173G.  a.  G5. 

!  She  d  at  TcwUsbury.  IMs.,  March  20,  I75t,  a.  7o. 

(13)  HI.  EowAUD.-^  who  was  b."  March  22.  1G74,  --] J'lns'd   Mav 

(-12)  of  Thomas  Pvichardson,  who  was  b.  Feb.  17,  1  G7o,  cl.  Ma> 


if.<V"<    ii';"// 


t)l' 


ft  .'. 


OH 


T/l    J 


\/  r 

.'" 

■  '  r 

•''.  y 

■j-.ilOl 

'-::i 

:/.     t; 


;;•"    •'     'I      u,. 


^■• 


•ir  .: 


1947.]       '"  the  Farmer   Funii/ij.  '  '^/ 

lo,  ly-lG,  a.  73.     He  lived  in  Eillerica,  where  he  d.  Dec. 
17,  1762,  a.  78. 

(14)  IV.      Mahy,'  who  was  b.  Nov.  3,  1G75,  and  m. Dean,  and 

had  a  number  of  children. 

(15)  V.        Barhary,"  who  was  b.  at  Woburn,  .Ian.  2G,  1077,  and  d.  at 

Billcrica,  Feb.  1,  1  (SSI,  a.  4  years. 
(IC)   VI.      Elizaijetk,^  who  was   b.   May   17,  1080,  and   m.  WilHam 
(45)  Green  of  .Alaklen,  .Ah^y  29.  1707.     She  d.   Dec.  20,  1701, 

a.  62.     He  d.  May  19,  1701,  a.  &7,  both  at  Reading'.  .Ms. 

(17)  VII.    Tiio.MAS,"  wlio  was'b.  June   8,   1083,  and  rn.   Sarah  Hunt. 
(50)  They    both    d.    at   Ilollis,  N.   II ,  about  1707,  a.  al).  84 

years  each,  and  were  both  buried  in  the  same  grave. 

(18)  VIII.  Oliver,^  who  was  b.  Feb.  2,  lOSG,  and  m.  Abigail,  dau.  of 
(59)  Ebenczer  Johnson  of  Woburn,  where  she  was  b.,  June 

13,  1097.  Her  father  was  son  of  Hon.  AVilliam  Johnson, 
for  many  years  Ilopresentative  to  the  General  Court  from 
Woburn;  elected  in  1081,  an  Assistant  under  the  old  col- 
ony charter  of  Massachusetts,  and  who  d.  May  22,  1704. 
William  was  son  of  Capt.  l']n\VARn  Jounson,  the  author  of 
the  well  known  History  of  New  England,  printed  at  Lon- 
don, 1051,  in  small  quarto,  commonly  called  "  \\''oiider- 
workiug  Providence."  He  came  in  1030,  from  Heme  Hill, 
a  parish  in  Kent,  in  England,  and  settled  at  Woburn,  Ms., 
which  he  represented  in  the  General  Court  twenty-eight. 
i,  years  in  succession,  from  1043  to  1071,  except  in  the  year 

1048,  and  was  once  Speaker  of  the  House  of  Representa- 
tives. He  d.  April  23, 1 072,  leaving  5  sons  and  2  daughters. 
,4  ■'.  i;    ^  Oliver     Farmer,     from    whom    we    have    digressed, 

H      '     ■         resided  on  the  paternal  farm  in  Billcrica,  where  he  d., 
Feb.  23,  1701,  a.  75.     His  widow  m.  2ndly,  Capt.  James 
Lane,  of  Bedford,  Ms.,  and  d.  there,  Feb.  25,  1773,  a.  75. 
John,"  (10)  who  m.  Sarah  Daws,  had 

(19)  1.  Richard,-' who  was  bai)t.  Sept.  15,  1098,  and  m.  Hannah 
(09)  Knibb  of  Brinklow,  Jan.  4,  1733.  *  -  •  .; 
Sarah,' (11)  who  m.  Thomas  Pollard,  had,                             c     ,. 

(20)  I.         Mary,  (29)   X.        Sarah  2nd,       u.a\   .      ■>     '- 

(21)  II.       Edward.  (30)   XI.      Nathaniel, 

(22)  HI.     Barbary,  (31)   XII.    James, 

(23)  IV.      Thomas,  (32)   XHL  Walter, 

(24)  V.       William,  (33)   XIV.  Elizabeth,         ^.-    r 

(25)  VI.      John,  (34)   XV.    Benjamin, 

(26)  VII.    Sarah,  (nearly  all  of  whom  married  aad 

(27)  VIH.  Joseph,  had  families.) 

(28)  IX.      Oliver, 

John,'  (12)  who  m.  Abigail ,  liad, 

(35)  I.         Dorothy,*  (39)   V.        Richard,* 

(30)   11.        Barbary,"  (40)  VI.      Edward,"  •    . 

(37)  HI.     John,"  (41)    VII.    Jacob," 

(38)  IV.      Daniel,"  (42)   VHI.  Willi  a.m."  •'     •  . 
Edward,*  (13)  who  m.  Mary  Ricliardson,  had, 

(43)   I.  Mary,"  '  -      ■'    ^ 

(44)11.       Andrew,"  b.  March  27,  1709.  ..'^ 

(46)111.      Elizabeth."  ■    '^      ^v'-      ■•;    p... 


*'  .. 


"-   1  - 


V      Y 


.)  ^V  /';■•(■■.-:  ,  /      !■'■■] 

..  .    .•.'■|,r)U  '     1  ■  ■  1 


::7'  ;i.;;     J     f     )    -I 

■■■"■=■'■■       ■'    .->     :i 


.'..       A.  TV      (, 


'■\    S'i  .■  i   /  ,,■(      ,,. 


23 


Caicaio'jical  JLinutr  of  [Jan. 


Elizabi:ii.,^  (10)  ^^■ho  m.  WilHaiii  Grcu  of  MaMen   had,  ^^ 

(.10)   I.         Elizabeili/  H'.';    IV.      \\  ilham  2ml.  ^^, 

(-17)   II.        Vauucc'  (.-^i))    V.        ^alban.  Ji 

(Ih)  III.      William/  :^M 

Thomas,^  (17)  who  m.  Sarali  Hunt,  had  ■     J 

(51)1.          Thomas,^                       (-50)    M-      Lmzabeth,  1 

52     II.        JosErii/                         (-37)    VII     Joshua/  -^VJ 

(03     III.      Joseph  2na/                 (ob)    VIII.  bAMUEL,  ,    •   r* 
(51)   IV.      Susanna/                    {o'J)   IX.      Benjamin. 

(55)    V.       JosiAii/  I 

Oliveu.MIS)  whom.  AbigailJohnson,  had, 

(GO)   I.  Abigail/L.  Dec. '-,  1717,  d.  Jan.  11,  1719. 

Gl     II.         Ac.c.AiL  2nd,^  b.  Jan.  11.  1719,  m.  Jonathan  lachardson  of 
(11-^)  BlUerica,  Feb.    11.   1710.     He  was   b.  Feb.  7,   1716   d.  ■ 

^     ^^  March  11,  1791,  a.  75.    She  d.  Jan.  13,  1790,  a.  71.    They  ; 

had  G  children.  ^  ,,    .       r  nu     ■ 

CGo^  Til        MauvM)   An-.  20,  1721,  m.  Wilham  Baldwm  of  Billenca, 

ll,)      '  Sei.1.23,    17  11.     Ilo  uas  b.   Sept.    15,  1710  d.  Dec.  21 

^  ,  1702,  a    52.     She  d.   Sept.  2-5,  1-03,  a.  72.      i hey  had  8 

children.  ,   ^  r  -n      ^ 

(03)   IV.       Sauah,*  b.  Dec.   14.  1723,  m.  Edward  Jewett  of  Rowley, 
no i)  1711.  d.  at  Berlin.  Ms.,  Dec.  8,  1S19,  a.  9G.      He  was  b 

^    ,  ^  An-     11,   1711,  d.  Dec.  20,   1790,  a.  77.     They  had   10 

(61)   V         Bettv,m'!"  May  31,  1720,  m.  Zebadiah  llogers  of  Billerica, 
(131)    ■  April   11,  1751.  d.  Sept.  17.  Ib05,  a  80.     He  was  b.  Feb. 

^       ^  03    1721    a  Jnne  25,  1S03,  a.  82.     Thev  Imd  7  children. 

(05)   VI.       r.EnECCA.*  (a  twin)  b.  May  31.  172G.  m.  Samnel  Bogers  of 
141)  Billerica.  April   IS,  1751.  d.  Ang.    30,    1509.^     He    was 

brother  of  Zebadiah  just  named,  and  was  b.  I  eb.  2.  172J, 
d   April  21    17bH,  a.  GG.     They  had  7  children. 
(G6)   VII.     OlIver.*  b.  July  31,  172S.  m.  Bachel,  dau.  of  John  Shed  of 
70  Peppercll,    Ms,    April    5,    1757.     She   was   b    J^n.    29. 

^     ^  1733  d    Sept.  23,  1701,  a.  31.     He  m.  2dly,  July  3.  17GG, 

,  ■      '      Hannah,  dau.  of  Jeremiah  Abbot,  b.  Oct.  10.  173o.  d.  Sept. 
':'  '    ...     13,  1819,  a.  S'l.     Ho  d.  on  ihc  paternal  larin,  Feb.  21. 
■         '^  •  •'         1811,  a.  85.  .       .      T,r  r 

(67)   Vni.  Isabella.*   b.    March   2.    1731,  m.    Benjamm   ^^arren  of 
(MS)  Chelmsford.  Jan.  10,  1751,  d.  Dec.  20,  1793,  a.  Co.     He 

^  d.  at  IloUis,  N.  11,  Aug.   20,    1600,   a.  71.     Ihey   had 

(08)  IX.      Edwaud!'fsq.,  b.  Feb.  2-1.  173-1.  m   ^^rah  dan.  of  Samuel 
(S2)  Brown,  d.  Aug.  1,  1601,  a.  70.     She  was  b.  Feb.  20,  17o6, 

d.  Aug.  19.  1811,  a.  75. 

The  following  obituary  noiicc  of  this  gentleman 
appeared  in  the  Boston  Repertory  of  Aug.  10,  1604. 
"  Died  at  Billerica,  on  the  dlh  inst.,  in  the  71st  year  of 
his  age,  Edward  Farmer,  Esq.,  who  many  years  reprc- 
sente°d  that  town  in  the  General  Court.  He  ever  com- 
battcd  the  enemies  to  the  Laws  and  Constitution  of  his 
Country,  both  foreign  and  domestic.  He  was  a  firm 
patriot  in  our  Bvcvolutionary  war,  and  commanded  a  party 
of  militia   at    the  capture   of  Burgoyne,   and    cheerful- 


i''.      \k'i'.V 


hJ  /i',^ 


.fi 


M.'.f. 


■r:-^ 


j<.  .:>  oil     J' 


::l.' 


'imr'^      :i  .iCvI  ,11?  ,:fo'[ .  ;    .;»'•(.•,<■;;  a  V/m'-;        .yli    1.-0, 


.o  <?.i:7/  OJi^'.     .t .    ;* ,. 


H,  ^ 


,.      -I. A.   V.    . 


', '!  ;■.!  I'.'.  II  ,^  i"'.-/ 


(li    .(' 


i<i: 


tlic  Farmer  FamiJij. 


29 


r' 


I 


]y  obeyed  the  call  of  r.ovcrnnicnt,  in  the  insuncclJon 
of  176G.  On  the  Gih  his  body  wtis  carried  to  the  incetiiif^- 
liouse,  ])rcccdcd  by  a  volunteer  company  comiilctely 
linitornied,  and  fallowed  liy  a  long  train  of  llie  citizens 
of  ]3illcrica  and  tlie  towns  adjacent.  Appropriate  liynins 
were  sung,  a  suitable  lesson  was  read  from  the  scrip- 
tures, and  after  a  well  adapted  prayer  by  the  Kev.  Dr. 
Cumings,  liis  remains,  as  attended  above,  were  escorted 
to  the  mansions  of  the  dead,  and  dejiositcd  witli  Ids 
fatlicrs,  with  military  honors,  lie  left  a  numerous  family 
to  bemoan  his  loss." 
(C9)  X.  John,-'  Lieut., b.  Dec.  7.  1737,  m.  1st,  June  5,  Hni,  Hannah 
(67)  Davis,  b.    Sept.   7,   1711;  2ndly,   widow    Sarah  Adams, 

originally  llussell,  b.  Jan.  l'^,  173 1.     His  first  wife  d.  Feb. 
12,  l7S7,a. -lo.     Ho   d.  at  Billcrica,  Jan.   0,  T-OG,  in  his 
70th  year. 
RiCHAUD,*  (19)  who  m.  Hannah  Knibb,  had, 

(70)  I.        lliciiARD,^  Master  of  I'hiunaiuiel  College,  Cambridge,  b.  May 

■1,  1735,  d.  Sept.  S,  171*7,  a.  G2. 

(71)  n.      JoiiN,^  in  holy  orders. 

(72)  HI.     Tiio.MAS,^  b.  i\Iay   10,  1711,   d.  at  Leicester,  England,  1521, 

a.  80. 

(73)  IV.    Joseph,^  of  Leicester,  a  Lieut.  Colonel. 

(71)     V.  ILVN.N'AH,^ 

(75)   VI.     Sarah,' 

(7G)  VII.   Mary,' who  m.  Rev.  and   Hon.  Pachard  Byron,  at  one  time 
heir  apparent  to  the  baronial  lionors  of  the  Byron  family 
Oliver,*  (GG)  who  m.  1st,  Piachel  Shed,  had, 

(77)  I.      FiACiiEL,^  b.  A[iril  29,  HoS,  m.   Nicholas   French,   Sept.  23, 
(95)  1779.     He  d.  at  IMerrimack,  July  21,  1S23,  a.  73 

(78)  H.    Oliver,^  b.  June   12,   17G0,  m.   Hannah    Sprague,  Nov.   30, 
(101)  176G      She  was  b.  March  M,  17G-1. 

(79)  HI.  Jou.v,''  b.  Dec.  1,  17C2,  m.  Lydia,  dau.  of  Josiah  Fuchardson*  of 
(107)  Chelmsford,  Jan.  21,    i7S8.     She  was  b.  Dec.  7,    17C3. 

He  was  a  deacon,  and  resided  in  Clielmsfurd,  (where 
all  of  his  children  were  born)  until  Sc[)t,  1S03,  wlicn  he 
removed  to  Lyndeborough,  N.  II ,  where  he  remained 
until  Nov.  18,  150G,  at  which  time  he  removed  to  Merri- 
mack, and  died  there,  Nov.  17,  ISll,  a.  52.  By  his  2nd 
wife,  Hannah  Abbott,  he  had, 
(SO)  IV.  Ha.n'xati,^  b.  Sept.  17,  1707,  m.  ^Villiam  Rogers  of  Billerica, 
(154)  (her  cousin)  Dec.  10,  17S9.     She  was  b.  :May  25,  1759. 

(81)  V.     FvECEccA,'  b.  Nov.  29,  17GS,  d.  Jan.  8,  1792,  a.  23.     A  poem 

on  her  death  was  written  by  Dr.  Timothy  Dan  forth  of 
Billerica. 

(82)  VI.  Jeke.muh,' b.   April  10,   1771,  m.  Clarissa,  dau.  of  Tin;othy 
(172)  Fo.-tor,  Oct.  13,  1810.      She  was  b.  April  10,  1755. 
Edward,*  (GS)  who  m.  Sarah  Brown,  liad, 

*  Tlie  geno;i!o(.'y  of  tlm  Clu'lm^ronl  rii.'!KiriU.>n-<  li:is  Ijcfii  trai-oil  lo  C.\\A.  .Tn^iah  R., 
living  ill  llr.it  1)1iicl'  in  lii')'.',  sujiposc'il  to  h;i\o  lievii  son  of  Saimifl  ol"  Wi)liiirii,  who  A. 
MarcliC'l,  10.'>--.  .hxiii/i,  rneiilioiK-il  in  thdi-xt,  was  li.  .M:iv  ^.  17!l,(l  .\\>n\  \o,  l-^(•l,  a  T'i.  Jlis 
lalh.tr,  Capi.  Zacliarjah  K.,  w.t>  b  Fc!. ,  li'''."',  d.  M.iivli  ■.'-',  177''.,a.  Ml.  Josiali.  liis  lattii-r,  was 
b.  jMay  1^,  l''"-'i,  d.  Out.  17,  1711.  ri.  V).  The  futlicr  u\  the  la^i  Jo-'ah  was  Cn[)l.  Joiiah,  lirst 
mentioned  in  this  note,  who  d.  .Inly  22,  Ih'Jo. 


.VW  ly. 


:/o;.!',  /-;;:,,;     >,■ 


I,.,  .,,,r. 


.v-::  J  ...  o 


'  ■  !>   I'-. ',  ■ ;'  ,'--- 


'. r'-'^    If  fxi'v  <  '-t^ 


30 


Gcnealo^-ical  Memoir  of 


[Jan. 


(67)   V. 
(ISl) 


(00)  III. 

(91)  IV. 

(92)  V. 

(93)  VI. 


(63)   I.      Edward,^  b.  Dec.  1,  17G0,  d.  Aug.  23,  1502.     He  m.  Rizpali  , 

(17G)  Baldwin,  March  2,i,  17::1.     She  d.  July  29,  1791.     lie  ra. 

2ndly,  Ehzabelh  Brown,  of  Concord.  . 

(8-1)   II.    Saraii,^  b.  March  G,  17G3,  d.  Jan.  28,  17GG. 

(85)   III.  JcN-ATUAN,'  b.  May  28,  17G1,  d.  Oct.  11,  1798. 

(8G)  IV.  Sarah,*  b.  Oct.  3,  17G7,  m.  Reuben  Baldwin,  Nov.  13, 
1767.  lie  was  drowned,  May  13,  lb07,  leaving  6  chil- 
dren. 
Jesse,' b.  Oct.  13,  1770,  d.  in  Boston,  Feb.  G,  1815,  a.  44. 
lie  rn.  Margaret  Tranksford,  July  20,  It 03.  She  was  b. 
Aug.  2G,  1761. 

Joii.v,*  (G9)  who  ni.  1st,  Hannah  Davis,  had, 

(68)1.        IlANXAn,Mj.  Sept.  2G,  17G1. 

(69)   II.      Bekecca,*  b.  Dec.  2,  1700,  d.  May  29,  1763. 
Abigail,' b.  Dec.  22,  17G8. 
Polly,'"' b.  Jan.  11,  1775. 
John,'  b.  Dec.  4,  177G,  d.  Sept.  1,  1776. 
Lucy,'  b.  Oct.  1,  1760. 

By  his  2nd  wife,  (Mrs.  Adams,)  he  liad, 

(91)  VII.  John,'  b.  Dec.  11.  1791,  m.  Susan,  dau.  of  Deacon  Moses 
Gerrish,  and  resided  [in  lb2-l]  in  Boscawen,  and  was 
Lieut.  Colonel  of  the  21st  regiment  of  N.  II.  militia. 

(95)   IIan.nah,^  b.  Dec.  15,  1791.  m.,  and  lived  iu  Boscaweu,  in  1624. 

liACiiEL,'  (77)  who  m.  >,'icholas  French,  had, 

(9G)   I.         Oliver  Farmer,*^  b.  Jan.  1,  1760,  d.  July  25,  1503,  a.  23. 

(97)   II.       John.Mx  May  27,  1763. 

(98)111.      Nicholas,«b.  Sept.  7,  1785. 

(99)  IV.      llache!,«  b.  Sept.  10,  1768,  d.  July  11,  1792. 

(100) V.        IIaunah,'^b.  Aug. -1,  1791. 

(lOl)VL      Ilachcl  2nd,«  b.  June  25,  1795. 

Oliver,'  (7b)  who.  in.  Hannah  Sprague,  had, 

(102)  I.         OLivER,«b.  May  12,  1763. 

(103)  II.       AsA,«b.  Dec.  13,  1793. 
(101)   III.      Hannah,"^  b.  May  17,  1795. 
(105)   IV.      Zadock,M).  Oct.  28,  1796. 
(lOG)   V.        BECEccA.^b.  March  30,  1796. 
(107)   VI.      KAcnEL.'^b.  Sept.  13,  1601. 
Jon.\,'  (79)  who  m.  Lydia  llichardson,  had, 


(106)   I. 


(109)  11. 
(186) 

(110)  III, 
(171) 


(111)  IV. 

(112)  V. 


where  he 
[This  was 


JoHN,'^  b.  June    12,  1769,  d.   at  Concord,  N.   II. 

had  long  resided,  Aug.    13,    1636,  a.  49. 

the  eminent  Genealogist  and  Antitjuary,   the  original 

author  of  this  Genealogical   Memoir  of  the  family,  to 

whom  all  New  England  is  so  deeply  indebted  for  his 

labors.] 
MiLES,*=  b.  Jan.   16,   1791,   m.    Sophia  II.,  dau.  of  Major 

Turner  Crookcr,  July  4,  161G.     She  was  of  Amherst, 

X  II. 
CiiARLOTTE,Hi.  July  20,  1792,  m.  Capt.  James   Kiddle  of 

Merrimack,  Aug.  3,  1815.     She  d.  Aug.  G,  1625,  a.  33. 

while  on  a  vii^it  at   Quincy  for  her  health,   and  was 

interred  at  Bedford,  N.  II. 
INTary,''  b.  Aug.  31,  1794. 
Jedidiaii,''  b.  April  5,  1602. 


AniGAiL,^  (Gl)  who  m.  Jonathan  Richardson,  had, 


d. 


if    ;■,!  ■  .  ■  t 


Ui       ,...;! 


.(i"i 


; '   .'  i. 


r  I M  '    r 


.i-f>\ 


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'A     ';•.,;:  ^' 


r:  J' 


,^  ■;  V,:)'. 
'.  \''A>';}i    U.  if. ,<■■>;. 


.  -  -i.r ' 


.;./:i,!  ,.; 


i;r 


1817.1 


the  Farmer  FarniUi- 


31 


(113)  I. 

(IM)  II. 

(11-^)  IIL 

(110)  IV. 

(117)  V. 

(118)  VI. 


(120)  II. 

(121)  III. 

(122)  IV. 

(123)  V. 
(12-1)  VI. 


(12S)  II. 

(129)  III. 

(130)  JV. 

(131)  V. 
ri32)  VI. 


Abigail,*  b.  April  11,  1711. 

Jonathan,'  b.  June  3,  1713.  (1.  July  2,  1743. 

Jontitlian.'  b.  Nov.  25,  1711.  •  ' 

Tliomns.^b.  Scjit.  3,  1717. 

Oliver,^  b.  Feb.  15,  1750. 

JBenjamin.*  b.  xMarch  3,  1753,  d.  Feb.  23,  1773. 
iM.\RY,^  (G2)  wlio  in.  M'llliam  Baldwin,  had, 
(119)1.         Sarah,' b.  July  5,  1712. 

John,*  b.  Jan.  13,  171  I. 

William,'  b.  April  12,  171S. 

Thomas,*  b.  Feb.  27.  1751,  d.  June  12,  170G. 

Micah,*  b.  Oct.  1,  1753. 

Mary,*  b.  April  15,  175G. 

(125)  VH.    Nahum,*b.  May  IG,  1750.      ' 

(126)  VIIT.  Oliver,*  b  Feb.  12,  1702. 
Sarah,^  (03)  who  m.  Edward  Jewett,  liad, 

(127)  I.         Edward,*  b.  Nov.  29,  1711,  lived  in  Rindge,  N.  II. 
Sarah,*  b.  May  29,  17-11. ' 
Oliver,*  b.  March  21,  1717. 
John,*  b.  Nov.  G,  1719,  d.  Feb.,  1602. 
Jesse,*  b.  Nov.  17,  1752. 
Abigail,*  b.  Oct.  11,  1755. 

(133)   VII.    Isabel,*  b.  Sept.  29,  1758. 

(131)   VIII.  Josejih,*  b.  IMay  10,  17G1,  m.  Sarah  "Woods,  sister  of  Rev. 

(1G6)  Pr.  AVoods  of  Andover.     He  resided  in  Ashburnham, 

jMs.     (See  (101)  onward.] 
Betty,^  (Gl)  who  in.  Zebadiah  Rogers,  had, 
(135)   I.         Rcttv,*b.  May  1,  1752.  .       ' 

(13G)  II.        Zebadiah,*  b.  March  18,  1751. 

John,*  b.  Oct.  15,  175G. 

Josiah,*  b.  April  28,  1759. 

Lucy,*  b.  April  21,  170 1. 

Sybil,*  b.  Nov.  4,  17G3,  d.  Nov.  15,  1770. 

(141)  VII.    Micajah,*  b.  Nov.  15,  1770. 
REnEccA,*  (G5)  who  m.  Samuel  Rogers,  ]iad, 

(142)  I  Rebecca,*  b.  Feb.  11,  1752. 
Samuel,*  b.  March  5,  1751,  died  in  Virginia,  in  the  service 

of  the  U.  States,  Oct.  18,  1781. 

Abigail,*  b.  July  31,  175G. 

William,*!).  May  25,  1759. 

Thomas,*  b.  Aug.  12,  1702,  d.  May  1,  1801.  a.  41. 

Rachel,*  b.  IMay  23,   17G5,  m.  Samuel  Wiiiting,  Esij ,  Jan. 
22,  1769, 
(148)   VII.    Ezra,*b.  :\Iay  9,  17G3.  ' 
Isabella,^  (G7)  who  m.  Benjamin  Warren,  had, 

Isabella,*  b.  Oct.  15.  1751.  "    •.  ■ 

Benjamin,*  b.  March  12,  1758.  '  "^ 

Tahitha,*  b.  .Tan.  2,  1703. 

Abigail,*  b.  May  10,  1705. 

Sarah,*  b.  Sept!  26,  1707. 

Rebecca,*  b.  Feb.  1 1,  1773. 
Hannah,*  (80)  who  m.  William  Rogers  of  BiUcrica,  had, 
(155)1.         William,M).  Dec.  23,  1790.  '  ' '  •  ■ 

(150)11.       Jeremiah.Mj.  Oct.  20,  17'.t.j. 


(137)  III. 

(138)  IV. 

(139)  V. 

(140)  VI. 


\      (143)   II. 

(141)  III. 

(145)  IV. 

(14G)  V. 

(147)  VI. 
(193) 


(149)  I. 

(150)  II. 

(151)  III. 

(152)  IV. 

(153)  V. 

(154)  VI. 


,(.  '  r't 


.'■JHWJV-V    •■  .  .'.v.'rS     -Ah, 


■I  '     '/I   I; 


uoicaloi^icdl  j)lcrnoir  (>/ 


(157)  TIT. 

(15S)  IV. 

(lo'J)  V. 

(IGO)  Vf. 

(101)  VII 


''JO. 


Calvin,"  b.  Aug.  30,  1791. 
Ilannal),"  b.  ]\Iuy  11,  179(i 
Charles,*^  I;,  May  2->,  17'J-,  d.  INIay  2P,  \l'Ji 
llebecca,'^  b.  May  IS,  1^00. 
Sakcy.M).  April  1,  ISo-J. 
(1G2)    VIII.  Harriet.^b.  April  17,  180o 
(lO-'i)   IX.      Loiiisa;=  b.  Aug.  23,  leOti. 
(ICl)   X.       Elcira,M).  An-,  o,  1^10. 
Sau.vii,-'  (03)  — [III  giving  lur  children  at  (1'2G)  the  fullowiug  children 

were  accideiUally  oniitlcd.j 
(IGo)   IX.      Rachel,^  b.  Jan.  b,  17C,.-,,  d.  Feb.,  17GG. 
(IGG)    X.        Josiah,^  b.  April,  17G7,  d.  Sept.,  177J. 
Joseph  Jcwctt,^  (131)  son  of  Sarah  (G3)  by  Edward  Jcwelt,  had, 
fli'7)   I.         Ivers,*"'©!]  Ashburnham,  now  [1^23J  i\Iajor  General  o^  the 
Glh  division  of  the  INTassacluisetls  militia. 
Joseph,'^  of  Baltimore,  IMd. 
^Milton,*^  who  died  in  IS  17. 
Tolly  G.,'^  wife  of  llov.  Otis  C.  AVIiiton. 
Merrick  A.,'' grad.  Dart.  Coll.  in  Ib23. 
Sarah  Farmer,'^  m.  Aaron  llobart  of  Boston 
Ji:  REM  I  An,'  (S2)  who  m.  Clarissa  Fo.stcr,  had, 
(173)   I.  SARAn  Clarissa,"  b.  Feb.  27,  1SI8. 

(171)   II.       Ti.MOTnv  FosTTR,*' b.  Aug.  10,  1S21. 
Charlotte,"  (110)  who  m.  Ca[.t.  .lances  liitldle,  had, 
(17o)    I.  Charlotte  IMargarct,'  b.  Fell.  20,  1-17.     '         '        '    , 

Mary  Ann  Lincoln,'  1).  I  ^^23. 

(83)  who  m.  1st,  Ivi/pah  Baldwin,  liad, 
Jon.N,''  b.  July  27,  178r,,  d.  March  G,  1S03,  a.   22 
and  promising  young  man. 

By  his  2nd  wife,  Elizabeth  Brown,  he  had, 
Em7aei:th,''  I).  June  20,  170- 
EnwARD,"  b.  Sept.  2G,  179-J. 
lli/.TAH,'' twin  witli  Edward. 
Jacoh  B.,*"'  b.  Oct.  30,  1601 


(IGS)  II. 

(1G9)  III. 

(170)  IV. 

(171)  V. 

(172)  VI 


(17G)   II 
EnwARn/ 
(177)   I. 


a  worthy 


(175)  II. 

(170)  111 

(ISO)  IV. 

(161)  V. 


Jesse,*  (S7)  who  m.  :\Iargaret  Franksford,  had,  '  • 

(152)  I.  .AIargaret,   b.  Nov.  11,  1601.    .  '        '       ' 

(153)  II.  Harriet,"  b.  Feb.  17,  ISOG  ■         .  '■    =    '  .' 
(181)   III.  Henry,"  b.  Aug.  17,  1607. 

(ISO)   IV.  Ji:sse,Mj.  Xov.^O,  1S09.  .  :    ■     • 

(18G)   V.  WjixiAM,«b.  Aug.  11,  1611. 

(187)  VI.  George  Wasuington,'' b.  Sept.  2-3,  1612.  ■■ 

(188)  VII.  Catuarixe  S.Mrm,"b.  Jan.  13,  1811.  - '^ 
Miles,"  (109)  who  m.  Sophia  Crooker,  had, 

(189)  I.  Charles  Augustus/  b.  Jidy  9,  1817,  d.  June  1,  1618. 

(190)  II.  Sarah,'  b.  at  Salem,  Sept.  22,  ls20. 

(191)  III.  Mary  Jane,'  b.  at  Dover,  Ms.  Jan.  20,  1823. 

(192)  IV.  Caroline  A''alentine,'  b.  at  Dover,  Feb.  1,  162-1 

(193)  V.  Charlotte  RiDDLK.Mv  at  Boston. 

rtacliol,''*  (147)  wlio  m.  Samuel  Whiting,  Esq.,  had,  ■       . 

(191)   I.  Harriet,"  b.  Oct.  20,  1789    ^ 

(195)   H.  Ann,"b.  Oct.  20,  17—. 

(19G)   HI.  Catherine,"  twin  with  Ann.  '   ' 

(197)  IV.  Augustus,"  b.  .^larch  2,  17!).3,  grad.  II.  C.  ISIG, 

(198)  V.  Mary  Ann,"  b.  May  2-5,  1800. 


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I 


1817.1  the  Farmer  Family.  .33 


;•:,...,    x.,...u    ..        APPENDIX.        . 

Extracts  of  Letters  from  Rev.  Thomas  Farmer,  Rector  of  Asptcy- Guise, 
ill  Bcdfortlshirc,  Englaiid,  to  John  Farmer  (f  Cunconl,  N.  IL  Dated 
July,  1822. 

Dear  Sir,  —  Having  lately  been  to  visit  my  relations  at  Leicester, 
my  native  ])lace,  I  saw  for  llie  first  time  a  letter  from  yon,  desiring  an 
account  of  your  Genealogy;  ami,  being  satisfied  of  our  consanguinity, 
you  will  allow  mo  to  hope  that  you  may  cross  the  Atlantic,  and  visit 
tliis  village,  of  which  I  am  the  llector,  and  which  is  situated  but  little 
more  than  -10  miles  from  Loudon,  and  near  the  Did;e  of  Bcilford's 
f      magnificent  Park  and  Palace. 

p  I  am  possessed  of  the  pajiers  which  fornn'rly  belonged  to  my  uncle, 
\\  Dr.  llichard  Farmer,  who  certainly  was  a  most  ingenious  and  classical 
'  scholar,  and  pcrhajis  the  best  annotator  on  ICngland's  immortal  bard. 
You  may  know  that  he  was  Master  of  Emmanuel  College  in  the 
University  of  Cambridge.  There  I  was  educated,  and  there  I  saw 
\  him  die,  after  a  very  long  protracted  illness,  on  the  6lh  of  September, 
[  1797.  The  loose  pa[iers,  froni  which  1  shall  send  you  extracts,  are 
£      in  Dr.  Farmer's  hand-writing. 

!^  I\Iy  father,  Thomas  Farmer,  is  now  at   Leicester,  and  is   tlio  only 

I       male  issue  of  his  generation,     lie  was  born  on  the  10th  of  May,  171-1. 
I       I  was  born  on  the  21st  of  August,   1771,  and  am  the  only  issue  left, 
I      and  I  am  in  possession  of  land  in  the  vicinity  of  Nuneaton,  sharing  it 
equally  with  3Ir.  Arnold  of  Ashley,  no  great  distance  from  Daventry, 
in  the  County  of  Northampton. 

Of  the  jirescnt  owner  of  Anccly,  or  Astly,  I  know  nothing;  but  in 
I  the  old  papers,  I  find  John  Farmer  of  Anccly,  in  the  County  of  War- 
wick, passes  a  time,  Sept.  1st,  IGOI,  and  that  a  John  Farmer,  in  1GG3, 
[1G33?]  contracts  marriage  with  Isabel  Parbage  of  Great  Packington, 
in  the  County  of  \\''arwiek,  and  that  Isabel,  in  after  marriage  articles,  is 
stiled  ''now  of  New  England;"  that  .Tohn  Farmer  of  Nuneaton  married 
Sarah  Daws  of  Tamworth,  and  settles  the  estate  at  Anccly  upon  her. 
Puchard  F.,  son  of  John  and  Sarah,  was  ba|itizcd  at  Nuneaton, 
Sept.  15,  in03,  and  married  Hannah  Knibb  of  Hrinklow,  in  the  County  of 
Warwick,  Jan.  4,  1732-3.  Their  eldest  son,  Pichard,  born  May  1,  173-5, 
was  the  person  whom  you  have  rightly  named  of  such  extensive 
literary  fame  and  acquirements. 

I  shall  seal  this  with  the  seal*  which  Dr.  Farmer  wore  and  used, 
and  the  Arms  I  read,  "  He  bearcth  Sable,  Chevron  between  three 
Lamps  Argent,  with  Fire  Proper,  by  the  name  of  Farmer."  This 
coat  was  assigned  to  George  Farmer,  l''sq.,  IGG;],  second  sou  of 
Bartholomew  Farmer,  Gent.t  of  Iladclilfe,  near  Atherstone,  Warwick- 
shire. The  patent  was  to  alter  the  Chevron  of  the  family,  though  it 
mentions  not  what  anciently  wore  the  Arms  of  the  family." 

From  (lie  same  to  the  same,  dated  Asphy-  Caise,  Dec.  1,  1823. 

Sir,  —  The  family  of  Farmers  from  which  we  are  descended,  were 
living  about  the  year  of  our  Lord,  loOO,  at  a  village   called   llatclitTe- 

*  The  itnnrossion  of  this  seal  is  deposited  in  the  caljinet  of  the  Ameriean  AMtii]uarian 
Soeieiy,  at  u'orresier. 

t  It.irthiiloiuew  was  the  son  oC  .Tolni  Fanner  of  T.eioi'sicr,  and  RTand«on  of  I'arlholomew 
o[  the  saiiK;  jilace,  as  aiipoars  by  the  [Ilerald'sJ  visilatiun  of  that  county  in  lOVJ. 


i  ;  /  ■  '    I!   ■'  /       .■■'  !■•  ■■     l;li';K 


,:,'      :   'y:l 


-5 

I 


,  fi    .i.k  !: 


'o.r:  I   vi:. ;.  1. 


••■■!■}       ■.-,'/ 
'■■-It::     -)!, 


■■J   :       1   ■ 


31  Memoirs  of  Graduates  [Jan.'   t 

Ciiiley,   which    is    in   Leiceslersliire,  and  adjoining   the    Counties  of     i 
Warwick  ami    Staflord.     One  of  them  was  a  Jnd^'c  in  the  Court  of  "^ 
Common    Pleas,  and   yon   observe   by  the  scrap  enclosed,  another  of     \ 
them,  Chancellor  of  the  Cathedral  Charch  of  Salisbury,  which  scrap     i 
is  the  hand-writiui?  of  the  author  on  the  learning  of  Shakspeare.     Most     \ 
of  thein  are  buried  in  a  vault  belonging  to  the  Rxmily.  in  the  church  of     ' 
AVitherly,  (near    Ratcliffe)   in  the   County  of  Leicester.     My  grand- 
father's name  was  Richard,  who  married  a  Miss  Knibb,  and  their  family 
consisted  o^  Ridiard,  \h.  I\Iay  -1,  1735, J  the  annotator  on  our  immortal 
bard.   Prebendary  of  Canterbury,  then  a   Canon   Ptesidenliary  of  St. 
Paul's,  London,  the  Master  of  Emmanuel  College  in  Cambridge,  and 
principal   Lihrarian  of  that  University;  JuJin,  in  holy  Orders;    Thomas, 
my   father,    [b.   May   10,  1711,]   who  married   the  3rd  dan.  of  John 
Andrew,  Esq.,  of    Ilarlestone-Park  in  the  County  of   Northampton; 
Josepli,  Lieut.  Col.  of  the  Royal  Leicester  volunteers  ;  llannaJi,  unmar- 
ried;  Harah  married  Allen  Brown,  Esq.,  of  Cosby,  near  Leicester,  and 
afterwards   Richard   Jervis,  a  surgeon  of  I.^atterworth  ;   Mary  married 
[in  17G8,]  the  Hon.  Richard  Byron,  fb.  Oct.  28,  1721,1  brother  of  the  late 
Lord  [ William j  Byron." 


BIEMOIRS  OP  GRADUATES   OF  HARVARD   COLLEGE. 

Commeiiciug  with  llie  year  1070. 
^.    .      '  BY     THE      LATE     JOHN     FARMER,      ESQ. 


Note.  TIk-  year  ihcy  were  graduated  is  profi.\ed  to  the  name  of  each  person,  in  the  several 

INIeniairs. 


NATHANIEL    IlIGGINSON. 

1670.  Nathaniel  Higginson,  son  of  Rev.  John  Iligginson, 
pastor  of  th_e  first  church  in  Salem,  was  born  at  Guilford,  Ct., 
Oct.  11,  1652.  After  receiving  his  second  degree  in  1673,  he 
tnade  preparation  to  go  to  England,  where  an  uncle  of  his  had 
been  settled  as  a  clergyman,  and  where  he  liad  a  number  of  rela- 
tions, lie  went  thitlier  the  following  year,  and  was  soon  intro- 
duced to  Lord  Wharton,  with  whom  he  remained  about  seven 
years,  in  the  capacity  of  steward  and  tutor  to  his  children.  He  was 
employed  in  the  mint  of  the  Tower  in  1681,  and  went  in  1683  in 
the  East  India  Company's  service  to  Fort  St.  George  in  the  East 
Indies;  was  a  member  and  secretary  of  the  council,  and  afterwards 
governor  of  the  factory  at  said  fort.  He  married  Elizabeth 
Richards,  169:2;  returned  to  England  with  his  wife  and  four  chil- 
dren in  1700,  and  established  iiimself  as  a  merchant  in  London, 
and  did  considerable  business  with  his  New  England  friends. 

In  1706,  we  find  his  name,  with  19  others,  signed  to  a  petition 
full  of  invective  against  Joseph  Dudley,  then  CTOvernor  of  INIassa- 
chusetts,  and  praying  for  his  removal,  which  was  presented  and 
read  to  Queen  Anne  in  council.  Gov.  Dudley,  in  his  answer  to 
the  charges  contained  in  this  petition,  notices  several  of  the  peti- 


V.;*' 


y.-fi  ■■<<.  jitS   .^  iji 


•        ;^    ■";),.     »  :;    ;.■.;,  :'-.':vi 

'     '■   .i"    .t'      /;  )t'?;;     vt  t 

•■)     ^       ,'    •■'    •v'i':i:.. 

1)7'  ■   '■'..   iic  : ,.  .    ' 


:AV'    ''fO   fcilt':';  f-Iv     -   '■^■)    r^\:l^^l 


W:J' 


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"'■.  ■"'t'i'M.i;;;' 


1317.]  of  Harvard  Co/U'g-e.       ,  35 

[  tioners,  and  thus  speaks  of  Mr.  11.  "  Mr.  Illgginson  is  a  gentleman 
•  of  good  value,  born  in  New  England,  but  lias  been  ab.<enl  in  the 
'  East  Indies  six  and  twenty  years,  and  so  may  be  presumed  to 
"^  know  nothing  of  the  eounlry.  To  be  sure,  his  father,  tliat  has  been 
a  minister  in  the  .country  near  sixty  years,  yet  living,  and  his 
brother,  a  member  of  her  Majesty's  Council,  must  know  more,  his 
';  brother  having  been  always  assisting  the  Governor,  and  consenting 
■  in  Col.  Dudley's  justifica'tion  at  this  time  with  the  Council,  where 
;  no  man  has  dissented  from  the  vote  sent  herewith."  The  alh-ga- 
tions  against  Gov.  Dudley  in  this  petition,  were  voted  by  the  Gen- 
eral Court,  or  Council  and  House,  to  be  a  "wicked  and  scandalous 
accusation  ;"  but  some  persons  of  note,  considering  the  high  cliarac- 
ter  of  Mr.  Iligginson  and  his  good  interest  at  court,  "signified  by 
their  letters,  that  they  thought  the  two  Houses  impolitic  in  the 
severity  of  their  expressions,  whieh,  from  being  their  friend,  might, 
at  least,  cause  him  to  become  cool  and  indill'ercnt."  We  know  not 
the  ellect  of  the  language  of  tiie  General  Court  on  the  mind  of  Mr. 
Higginson,  but  we  cannot  suppose  it  alienated  his  affections  from 
his  native  country.  He  lived  but  two  years  after,  to  serve  the* 
interests  of  his  friends  in  New  England.  He  died  in  London  of 
the  small  pox,  in  November,  170S,  aged  56  years.  He  h;id  been  for 
several  years  a  member  of  the  Corporation  for  Propagating  the 
Gospel  among  the  Indians  of  New  England.  Judge  Sewall  says, 
he  had  been  acquainted  with  him  for  forty  years,  and  seems  to 
have  had  a  high  opinion  of  his  ch;iracter  and  public  services.  Fc/t, 
Annals  of  Sa/em,  3-30.  Iliilrhiiisoii,  Hist.  Mass.  ii.  1-10,  147.  Gov. 
Dudlci/s  MS.  Answer  to  Mr.  IVs  pclition  (the  original,  which 
escaped,  in  part,  the  fury  of  the  mob,  when  they  deslruwd  Gov. 
Hutchinson's  house.)  ^^^ItKlf^^^ 

AMMI   RUIIAMAII   CORLET. 

1670.  Am.mi  Ruiiamah  Corlct  was  son  of  the  celebrated 
.schoolmaster,  Elijah  Corlet,  of  whom  an  early  poet  sang, 

" 'T  is  Corlet's  pains,  and  Cheover's,  we  must  own, 
Tiiat  llioii,  New  IJnglaml,  art  not  Scylhia  grown." 

The  father  was  educated  at  Lincoln  College  in  the  University  of 
Oxford,  and  the  son  had  all  the  advantages  of  early  preparation, 
which  could  be  derived  from  so  distinguished  a  scholar.  Haying 
been  graduated,  he  ai)pears  to  have  followed  the  business  of  his 
father,  and  in  167:2  wc  find  him  at  Plyiuouth,  as  the  !\Iaster  of  the 
principal  school  in  that  i)lacc.  After  taking  his  second  degree,  or 
about  that  time,  he  was  a  Fellow  of  the  College,  in  which  ollice,  it 
is  presumed,  he  continued  till  his  death,  which  occurred  Eeb.  1, 
1679. 

THOMAS   CLARIv. 

1670.  Thomas  Claiik,  son  of  Jonas  Clarke,  of  Cambridge,  a 
surveyor  of  some  note,  was  born,  March  "2,  lOoo.     Kev.  Mr.  Allen, 


.  (  \i'-.\:k^ 


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36  Memoirs  of  CIradaales  [Jan. 

in  his  History  of  Clielmsford,  says  in  relation  to  Mr.  Clark,  "We 
have  neither  church  records,  luaniiscript  sermons,  cotoniporary 
jiotices,  nor  any  other  materials,  from  which  a  bare  memento  can  be 
erected,  excepting  the  following  sentence  in  the  9th  volume  of  the 
Hist.  Coll.  of  Mass.,  page  190.  '  Dorchester,  17y 4,  Dec.  10.  The 
death  of  Rev.  Thomas  Clark  of  Chelmsford  was  lamented  in  a  ser-. 
mon  from  Acts  xx  :  ::?'3,  »S:c.'  A  great  loss  to  all  our  towns,  and 
especially  to  our  frontier  towns  on  that  side  of  the  country,  who 
are  greatly  weakened  with  the  loss  of  such  a  man."  Besides  the 
above  extract  from  Mr.  Allen,  we  iind  a  fact  in  Dr.  Cotton  .Mather's 
"Wonders  of  the  Invisible  AVorld,"  which  is  creditable  to  the  char- 
acter of  Mr.  Clark.  In  the  time  of  the  witchcraft  delusicm,  "  there 
was  at  Chelmsford  an  alllicted  person,  that  in  her  fits  cried  out 
against  a  woman,  a  neighbor,  which  Mr.  Clark',  the  minister  of  the 
gospel  there,  could  not  believe  to  l)e  guilty  of  such  a  crime,  [witch- 
craft.] And  it  happened  while  that  woman  milked  her  cow,  the 
cow  struck  her  witli  one  horn  upon  the  forehead  and  fetched  blood. 
And  while  she  was  bleeding,  a  spectre  of  her  likeness  ai)jK'ared  to 
the  parly  alllicted,  who  pointing  at  the  spectre,  one  struck  at  the 
place,  and  the  alllicted  saitl.  You  have  made  her  forehead  bleed! 
Hereupon  some  went  to  the  woman  and  found  her  forehcatl  bloody, 
and  ac([uainted  ^Ir.  Clark  with  it,  who  forthwith  went  to  the  woman 
and  asked  her.  How  her  forehead  heeamc  blood//?  and  she  answered, 
Bij  a  blow  ff  the  eoiv'S  horji,  as  abovesaid  ;  whereby  he  was  satis- 
fied that  it  was  a  design  of  Satan  to  render  an  innocent  person  sus- 
pected." The  conduct  of  Mr.  Clark  in  this  decision,  made  at  the 
time  when  the  spectral  evidence  was  so  generally  received,  probably 
prevented  the  infatuation  from  extending  to  Chelmsford.  llai)py 
would  it  have  been  had  all  ministers  and  mngistrates  exercised  a 
like  discrimination  in  rejecting  all  evidence  against  persons  whose 
characters  had  been  ])reviously  good.  By  the  magistrates  at  Salem, 
the  coincidence  of  the  imaginary  wound  inflicted  on  the  spectre, 
and  the  real  wound  from  llie  cow's  horn  on  the  woman,  would 
have  been  suflleient  for  the  condemnation  of  the  latter. 

Mr.  Clark  was  the  minister  of  Chelmsford  twenty-seven  years, 
having  been  ordained,  in  1077,  as  the  successor  of  Rev.  John  Fiske. 
His  labors  were  suddenly  terminated,  being  seized,  aceord'ng  to 
Judge  Sewall's  Diary,  with  a  fever,  on  Friday  the  "2nd,  which  caused 
his  death  on  the  fohowing  Wednesday,  December  7,  1704,  in  the 
52nd  year  of  his  age. 

Mr.  Clark  was  twice  married.  The  name  of  his  first  wife  was 
iMary,  who  died  Dec.  2,  1700.  His  second  was  Elizabeth,  daughter 
of  Rev.  Samuel  Whiting,  whom  he  married,  Oct.  2,  1702.  His 
children,  who  lived  to  mature  years,  all  by  his  first  wife,  were  Lucy, 
who  married  iMajor  John  Tyng,  father  of  Judge  John  Tvng,  Sept. 
19,  1700.  She  died  April  2-'),l708;  Elizabeth,  who  married  John 
Hancock  of  West  Cambridge  ;  Jonas,  born  Dec.  2,  lOS  1,  who  resided 
on  tlie  farm,  known  by  the  name  of  the  Cragic  farm.  There  he 
k'cpt  a  j)ublic  house  and  ferry  which  have  ever  since  borne  his  name. 


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37 


1947.1  of  Harvard   CjI/c^c. 

Ills  house  Nvas  the  general  resort  for  all  fashionable  people.    He  xvas 
honored  with  many  civil  and  military  ollices  ;  was  a  very   popular 
man,  and  estee.ned   as  a  good  Christian.      lie  ^l'^-J;V'l  ^      "^' • 
uged  SG.     Thomas,  the  youngest  son,  was  born  Sept.  ^^,  lbJ-1. 

GEORGE    BUiniOUGII. 

1670      Georob    BuRRouon,  or  as   the   name    is    usually   ?pelt, 
BURUOL-Gus,    was,    perhaps,    a    son    of    Jen-miah    Burroughs,    an 
inhabitant  of   Seituate,    Ms.,   as   early   as  104/ ;  but  we   have   no 
certain    information   of   his    parentage    or    the   t.me    of   his    buih. 
He  was  admitted  a  member  of  the  ehureh  in   lloxbury,  April  U, 
1G74,  and  his  son  George  was  baptized  in  the  ehureh   there,  .\ov. 
28  1675.     lie  became  a  preacher  within  a  few  years  alter  he  lelt 
CoUe-e,  and,  as  early  as  167-3  or   167(5,  lie  was  the  minister  at  Cas- 
co  in"" Maine,  and  was  there  whrn  that  town  sullered  the  loss  ol  :^o 
many  lives   by  an   attack  of  the   Indians.     The  war   which  soon 
followed,   drove  Mr.   Burroughs  from  Maine,   and    he   returned    to 
Massachusetts.    In  Novcinber,  16S(),  h(>  was  c-mployed  to  preach  at 
Salem  Village,  now  Salem.      He  continued   there   probably   until 
IG'^S,  when,ln    Mav,   Mr.   Lawson  was  invited   to   preaeli   to  the 
people      ^Ir.  Burroughs  returned  to  his  ministry  m  Casco  the  same 
year       V  work  entitled  "European   Settlements   m  America,     in 
speakin-  of  Mr.  Burroughs  as  a  victim  of  the  Salem  A\  itchcralt,^ 
says  "that  he  was  a  gentleman  who  had  formerly  been  minister  ot 
Salem;  but  upon  some  of  the  religious  disputes  which  divided  the 
country  he  diilbred   from  his  (lock,  and  left  them."     xMather,  in  his 
"  Woiiders  of  the  Invisible  World,"  countenances  this  idea,  saying 
« he   had   removed   from   Salem  Village   in   ill  terms  some   years 
before"     Mr.  Willis,  in  his  History  of  Portland,  says,  "  ihe  hrsl 
notice'of  his  return  to  Casco  is  in  June,  1683,  when  at  the  request 
of  the  town,  he  relinquished  150  acres  of  land,  which  had  been 
granted  to   him  previous  to  the  war.     In  their  application  to   him 
For  this  purpose,  they  offered  to  give  him  100  acres  '  further  otl    lor 
the  quantity  relinquished,  but  Burroughs  replied,  'as  for  the  land 
already  taken  away,  wc  were  welcome  to  it,  and,  if  20  acres  ol  the 
50  above  expressed  would   pleasure  us,  he  freely  gave  it  to  us,  not 
desiring  any  land  anywhere  else,  nor  any  thing  else  in  considera- 
tion thereof.' "  rur     T>  ;,    •     „„ 
His  disinterestedness  places  the  character  of  Mr.  Burroughs  in  an 
amiable    li-dit,  which    nothing   can   be  found,  during   the  whole 
course  of  liis  ministry  at  Casco,  to  impair.     The  large  quantity  of 
land  which  he  relinquished  was  situated  upon  the  ^eck,  wliich  was 
then  daily  becoming  more   vaUrable,  by  the  location  ol  the  town 
upon  it.  '  All  this,  excepting  thirty  acres,  he  freely  returned,  without 
accepting  the  consideration  offered  by  the  town. 

The  unhappy  catastrophe  which  terminated  the  life  aud  uselul- 
ness  of  Mr.  Burroughs,  has  cast  a  shade  upon  many  facts  relating  to 
him  which  would  be  interesting  to  us  to  know.  Wo  have  no  means 


(  /, 


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I 

33  Memoirs  of  Ciraduatcs  [Jan,  .? 

■         i 

of  ascertaining  whether  he  was  regnlarly  settled  and  had  gathered  ': 
a  church  at  Cascoor  not.    There  is,  however,  sullicient  authority  for  . 
asserting,  that  he  preached  to  the  people  there  a  longer  period  than  ''| 
any  Congregational  minister  j)rior  to  Jlev.  Thonias  Smith. 

'*  There  has  nothing,"  says  Mr.  Willis,  "survived  Mr.  burroughs, 
either  in  his  living  or  dying,  that  casts  any  reproach  upon  his  char- 
acter; and,  although  he  died  a  victim  of  a  fanaticism,  as  wicked  and  '; 
stupid  as  any  which  has  been  countenanced  in  civilized  society, 
and  which  for  a  time  prejudiced  his  memory,  yet  his  character 
stands  redeemed  in  a  more  euhghtened  age  from  any  blemish. 

Air.  liurronghs  was  driven  froui  Casco  by  the  Indians  in  1G90, 
and  went  to  AVells,  where  he  resided  when  he  was  accused  of  the 
crime  of  witchcraft,  'i'lie  indictment  against  him  is  given  in  the 
second  volume  of  Hulclunson.  lie  was  examined  on  May  8, 
1(59:2,  and  committed  to  prison  in  Boston  until  his  trial,  which  took 
jilace  in  August  following.  He  was  chndemned  on  testimony, 
which  nothing  but  the  most  highly  wrought  infatuation  could  for  a 
moment  have  endured.  His  great  strength  and  activity,  for  which 
he  had  been  remarkable  from  his  youth,  were  enlisted  against  him, 
as  having  been  derived  froiu  the  Prince  of  evil.  It  was  in  evidence, 
that  he  had  lifted  a  barrel  of  molasses  by  putting  his  finger  in  the 
bunghole,  and  carried  it  round  him;  that  he  held  a  gun  more  th  n 
seven  feet  long  at  arm's  length  with  one  hand,  and  performed  other 
surprising  feats  above  the  power  of  hutuanity.  Some  evidence 
was  also  exhibited  against  his  moral  character,  in  relation  to  his  treat- 
ment of  his  wives  and  children,  but  we  can  attach  but  very  little 
credit  to  it  considering  the  great  perversion  of  truth  at  lliat  time. 

He  was  executed  August  19,  1G92,  on  Gallows  hill,  in  Salem. 
At  his  execution,  he  made  a  most  solemn,  pertinent,  and  ailecting 
prayer,  which  drew  the  remark  from  Cotton  Mather,  who  was 
present,  as  I  was  informed  by  the  late  Dr.  Bentley,  "that  no  man 
could  have  made  such  a  ])rayer  unless  the  devil  helped  him."  He 
concluded  his  dying  petition  with  the  Lord's  prayer,  probably  to 
convince  some  of  the  spectators  of  his  innocence;  for  it  was  the 
received  opinion,  that  a  true  witch  or  wizard  could  not  say  the 
Lord's  prayer  without  blundering. 

The  age  of  Mr.  Burroughs  is  represented  by  Dr.  Bentley,  in  his 
Hist,  of  Salem,  published  in  1  Coll.  xMass.  Hist.  Soc.  vi.,  to  have 
been  about  fourscore  years;  but  that  writer  undoubtedly  transferred 
the  age  of  Giles  Cory,  who  wanted  only  three  years  of  being 
fourscore,  to  Mr.  Burroughs.  It  can  by  no  means  be  admitted,  that 
Mr.  B.  was  nearly  60  years  old  when  he  graduated,  which  must 
have  been  the  case  if  he  was  80  years  old  at  the  time  he  was 
executed. 

Mr.  Burroughs  had  been  three  times  married.  The  names  of 
liis  first  and  second  wives  are  not  known.  His  last  was  daughter 
of  Thomas  ^uck,  and  she  survived  him.  His  children  were 
George,  baptized  lG7o,  who  lived  in  Ipswich;  Jeremiah,  who  was 
insane;  Rebecca,  who  married  a  Tolman  of  Boston  ;  Hannah,  who 


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IS  17.]  of  Harvard   College.        '  ..      ■"■  39 

married  a  Fox,  and  lived  near  Barton's  Point  in  Boston;  Eli/abelh, 
who  married  Peter  Thomas  of  Boston,  the  atieerstor  ol'  the  late 
Isaiah  Thomas,  LL.  D.,  of  Woreesler.  George  and  Thomas 
Burroughs  of  Newburyport,  the  former  a  tanner,  conveyed  to  N. 
Winslow,  in  1774,  lhe\ighl  of  Ceorgc  Burroughs  in  proprietary 
land  in  Falmouth.  These  were  probably  descendants  of  the 
minister.  —  ILitchinsou,  JlisL  Muss.  ii.  57-59.  Fe/f,  Annals  of 
Salem.  NeaPs  Hist.  K  K.  ii.  130-13-1,  \\\.  Willis,  Hist.  Port- 
land in  Coll.  Maine  Jlist.  i<oc.  i.  141,  J  74-176.  Upliam,  Ledtircs 
on  Witchcraft.     Allen,  Biog.  Did.  art.  Ihirrovghs. 

ISAAC     FOSTER. 

I  10)11.     Isaac  Foster,  according  to  the  late  William  AVinlhrop, 

Esq.,  was  from  Charlestown,  and  might  have  been  brother  of  John 
Foster,  who  was  graduated  in  1CG7;  but  this  is  uncertain,  as  the 
latter  was  from  Borchester.  [We  find  him  to  have  been  admitted 
freeman  in  1<")79,  about  which  time,  he  probably  went  to  Connecti- 
cut.] Mr.  Winthrop  may  have  considered  him  as  belonging  to 
Charlestown  from  the  circumstance  of  his  being  called  to  preach 
there.  When  a  cornmiltec  of  the  town  of  Charlestown  was  about 
selectin'7  a  successor  to  Rev.  Thomas  Shepard,  in  167S,  the  opinions 
of  ilev.^'john  Sherman,  llev.  Increase  Mather,  and  Rev.  President 

i  Oakes  were  reeiuesled  as  to  the  "fittest  person"  for  their  rninister, 
and  these  gentlemen  recommended  I\Ir.  Foster  as  "the  fittest  and 
suitablest  person"  for  that  place.  While  remaining  at  Charles- 
town he  was  admitted  freeman,  in  1079.  Soon  after  this,  lie  went 
to  Connecticut  and  preached  in  Hartford,  and,  from  his  name  being 
printed  in  italics,  it  has  been  inferred  that  he  was  settled  there,  but 
this  does  not  clearly  appear  from  Dr.  Trumbull. 

-:       •^        SAMUEL   riiirrs. 

107 L.  Samup.l  Pnii'i's,  son,  it  is  presumed,  of  Solomon  Phipps  of 
Charlestown,  who  died  in  that  town,  July  'Jo,  1071,  was  l)orn  about 
the  year  1049.  The  most  of  his  life  was  passed  in  civil  offices, 
havin^^  been  Register  of  Deeds  for  the  county  of  Middlesex,  Clerk  of 
the  Court  of  Common  Pleas  for  the  same  county,  and  representative 
for  the  town  of  Charlestown,  where  he  resided.  To  the  last  oiiice 
he  was  elected  in  1092,  being  one  of  the  first  representatives  under 
the  charter  of  William  and  'iMary.  In  1700,  lie  was  one  of  the 
Commissioners  of  claims  for  receiving  and  examining  all  titles  and 
claims  to  land  in  the  eastern  province  of  Maine.  Mr.  Phipps 
died  in  Aui^ust,  1705,  aged  70,  and  was  buried  in  the  tomb  of  his 
son-in-law  iLemmon.  His  wife  was  Mary  Danforth,  daughter  of 
Dcp.  Gov.  Thomas  Danforth.  She  was  born  July  2S,  1050.  [We 
find  the  name  of  Danforth  associated  with  Phipps  in  the  class  of 
1781.]      Thomas  Phipps,  who  graduated  in  1095,  was  his  son. 

(To  be  ccmtinuod.) 


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40 


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1847.]  Jrinislcrs  in  llochin^-hciii    Cun/t/ij.  41 

>:  O  T  E  S . 

l^RKNTWoon.  Tn  Drc.  \2,  171.>^,  arronlin::  to  Fanncr'rf  Statistics  of  Xew 
H:uii[)--liiri;  tiiinistcrSj  AVc.  ydthdniil  'I'luik  was  sclllcd  in  tlii.-  place. 

'■Jan.    IS.    1751),  lliis  cluirch    [Ilatnpton  chiircli]  was  t^ciit  lor  to   in->tall   the 

.  Rev.   .Mr.  Trask  at   IJrt^utwoinl.     'J'hcy  chose   Deacons  Tnck  and    Lane,   wiio 

went.      And   the  aii'air  was  completed  witli  love  and   peace,  decencv  and  l;ooJ 

ortler.     Mr.  Odlia  and   Flai'::  ])rayed.      I  preaclicd.  Col.  iv  :   17.     ^Ir.  Whipple 

gave  till'  chaiire.     Attest,  \V.  Cotton,  Pastor.'' 

Over  a  chnrch  newly  orsranized,  ]Mr.  Trask  was  installed,  as  stated  in  the 
records  ot"  Rev.  W.  Cotton,  Jan.  21,  17a6. 

I\Ir.  Trask  retained  the  pastoral  olilce  in  l?rentwood,  11  yo^rs  ;  thouLih  he 
ceased  I'rofii  his  pnlpit  labors,  ahont  two  years  before  his  death,  which  occurred 
Dec.  12,  17,M»,  at  the  aL'o  of  f)7.  He  inarried  Parncl  Tiling,  June  ir>,  1719 
Their  children  were  JCli/al^eth,  lioni  .Inly  ;i(t,  17^0,  diud  in  Brentwood 
Parnel,  born  July '2,  17.'/.',  dietl  Sei)t.  S,  17,'it'i.  Xathaniel,  born  Sept.  S,  17:j1, 
died  Sept.  5,  17.0(5;  Mary,  born  Sept.  14,  ]1'>G.  Parnd,  born  Au;,'.  27,  1759, 
(lied  July  21,  17(]2.  Samuel,  born  Sept.  10,  I7i;2,  settled  and  died  in  Prent- 
M'ood,  where  his  son  and  daughter  now  live.  Jonathan,  born  Doc.  12,  1761, 
settled  in  ]Mont  Vernon,  Me. 

From  the  decease  of  Mr.  Traslc,  the  church  was  without  a  pastor  eh-ven  years 
and  a  half.  Dnrin";  tliat  period,  Jiiorc  tlina  a  liumlrcil  i,hJiri:J'i,i}i  were  emplOved 
as  candidates  for  .settlement,  or  as  supplies.  Jhyht  or  ten,  successively,  leceived 
and  declined  invitations  to  settle. 

At  the  ordination  of  the  Ticv.  Ebcnczcr  Flint,  the  church  liad  become  reduced 
to  six  male  and  thirteen  female  members.  Mr.  Flint  tlied  suddenly,  Oct.  12, 
1811,  aLTed  42,  leaving  a  widow,  who  ilied  at  the  age  of  72  years. 

He  studied  theolo2:y  with  the  Ri-v.  I>r.  Fmmons.  He  married  Marj',  daugh- 
ter of  Deacon  Kendall  of  Tewksbury,  .Ms.  Two  of  his  cliihlren  were  Mary  K., 
who  married  Fbenezer  Orne.  and  Abiirail  J.,  \\!u>  married  Jonatlian  Piobinson, 
3rd.  The  youns^est  son  of  Mr.  Flint,  K/ra  M.,  married  Pouisa  P.  Havnes  of 
Charle-town,  ]Ms.,  and  now  lives  there.  'Phe  eldest,  Kbunez^.T,  resides  in 
Brentwood,  unmarried. 

From  the  time  of  Mr.  Flint's  death,  the  church  was  destitute  of  a  pastor  more 
than  four  years. 

Rev.  Chester  Colton  preached  at  Brentwood,  July  21,  l'^13.  He  proved  to  be 
the  Parnabas  tliev  needed  ;  and  the  friends  of  reliirions  oider,  being  eneourai'ed 
and  strengtheneil,  settled  him.  Key.  Mr.  Ibnvland  of  Ivxeler  preached  the 
ordination  sermon,  from  1  Cor.  i  :  21,  and  Pev.  Dr.  Pearson  of  Andover,  M-.,  gave 
the  charge. 

The  people  became  ardently  attached  to  ^Tr.  Colton,  and  his  labors  were 
blessed.  He  was  dismissed  at  his  own  urgent  reque.'-t,  on  account  of  an  inllam- 
mation  of  his  eyes  which  forbade  application  to  study.  Mr.  Colton's  vision 
M'as,  in  a  few  years,  so  far  restored,  by  rest  and  medical  treatment,  that  he 
resumed  the  labors  of  a  pastor,  and  was  installed  at  Lyme,  Cl.,  Feb.  12,  1S20. 
Pecenlly  he  has  labored  under  the  direction  of  the  Connecticut  Missionary  So- 
ciety, in  North  Goshen.  Ct. 

licv.  Luke  AiaftwurtJi  Spofford  was  installed  in  Brentwood,  and,  after  laborinjj 
about  three  years,  and  not  iinding  his  hopes  of  usefulness  realized,  he  rctiuesled 
and  received  a  dismission.  The  number  of  church  members  reported,  Jane, 
1828,  was  53.  Subsequently  to  his  ministry  at  Brentwood,  Mr.  Spoiford  was 
installed  at  Lancaster,  X.  H.,  1S2'J  :  Atkinson,  N.  H.,  1S32:  Scituate,  ^Ps.,  1835  ; 
Chilmark,  on  Martha's  Vineyard,  Ms.,  is  12  ;  from  which  place  he  removed  to 
Newburg,  N.  Y.,  where  his  family  re-^ides.  l\p-.  Spoilord,  Ijefore  he  came  to 
Brentwood,  had  been  ordained  at  (lilmanton,  X.  H  .  \vhere  he  enjoyeil  a  suc- 
cessful ministry  of  six  years;  but,  on  account  of  the  >tati'  of  his  health,  and  t!ic 
extent  of  the  lield,  resigned  June  9,  1^25.  I'or  more  i)articular  notices,  see 
Rev.  Mr.  Lancaster's  History  of  Ciilmanton,  and  Notes  respecting  the  ministers 
in  Cilmanton,  in  the  first  number  of  the  New  Hamp<hire  Repository,  Vol.  L 

After  Mr.  Spoiford's  resignation,  thi!  people  in  Brentwood  enjoyed  the  labors 
of  llcv.  Joi.alhaii  frurd  about  three  and  a  half  years. 


.,v\. •■■■-.  •     v.\: 


iv:.   7\A:.<y\l. 


,((,. 


^         7'    »;  ':■■(<.        ';>i    -1    '. 


42 


Cuii'-TC'-atluiud   CnnrcJics  end 


[Jan. 


Mr.  \\';irJ  .studitnl  thcoldu^y  \vii!i  I!fv.  Dr.  Ijniiuins,  anJ  m-r';  onliiinril  in 
i\i'\v  Millortl,  iKiu-  Alua,  Ml'.,  in  IT'.".,  ;iimI  nv-iu'iiud  in  1S18.  Allliouyli  Mr, 
Ward  ha.s  never  been  iii-t;illi'il  in  New  Ihunp-hire,  )io  lias,  in  inany  respects, 
|)iMfurnieil  the  .services  of  a  |):i--l(ir  lo  ^(une  el  liic  chuiches  in  a  very  acceplalilo 
uutl  uselnl  manner.  Mr. -W'ai.I  lalmrcil  lueUi'  \ear.s.  mast  uf  tin'  time  stati'iily, 
in  PlynioLith,  his  native  p'.aee.  and  thi.'  [ilaee  ol  his  lather".-  inini.-.lry,  Lr  moro 
than  thlilv-t\v(i  years. 

Mr.  W.ud's  taiher,  IJev.  Nathan  \\'ai.l,  wa-,  hoiii  at  Xewton.  ^Ts.,  Apiil  11, 
1  7'J  1 ,  (lied  ,lu!n'  la,  1  "-n  I,  ai'i'ii  ^:!.  lie  niiinii'd  'raiiia-in  liehuid.  \\  iio  was 
born  Jan.  1,  17J-J.  ().  S  .  and  ilied  An-.  H:,  I'/TT.  itev.  Nathan  Ward,  who 
was  hiipi-tV.llv  eniiviMted  Linder  the  preaehiirj'  I'l  Mr.  Whllelieid;  had  not  a  cul- 
leiiiate  edmalinii,  bnt  reeeis'ed  an  hiini/iai\  dc.Mi'C  ei  AI.  A.  Ir(;m  DaitiiuMith 
College.  His  children,  be-^idi'  .Iniialhan  tie"  yiinimi--f.  were  Nathaii;  born  .Ian. 
!•,  17-iS,  L).  S.,  ilied  Nov.  :■!,  l77n:  J-".nueh',  iiorn  .Inly  -i,  ITIM.  'died  Jidy 
31,  l.s-Ja:  Abraham,  born  Im'Ik  !I,  iTTil,  died  Dec.  o,  I77il;  Mary,  born 
Sept.  IS,  17.7-J,  dh'd  Dec.  *'.  177»i;  Abi-ail,  b<irn  .Alaich  .31,'  17.'.7,  N.  S., 
died  Si'pt.  1("),  1N41  ;  Samuel,  born  Ahl.'-.  -Mi,  17.7ii_,  died  Nov.  s.  ]77(J; 
I-aar,    bom  iNlurch    Ki,    17.'iN,  died    l'"eb.    .'7.    IMo;    llei'ijandn,    bo. a    Sept.    21, 

17(il,    died    • ;    Dani(d,    bom    .Ian.    lie,    l7o|;    K-lhe'r,    born'    Au".    17.    17i)7, 

died  I)ee.  S,  177(j.  'The  .-.ubnii-sion  of  the  parent-*  ^vas  painlulK-  t.'-led.  by 
the  death  of  live  nl'  their  children,  with  a  p-nlnd  fever,  wilhi:!  live  week.-^. 
Enoch,  brother  of  Kev.  N.  ^Val»l,  eiitend  the  uunistry,  but  died  yeum:.  lie 
trradnated  at  Harvard  Univer>ity,  17;it;.  'J'he  irranilfather  of  liev.  J.  \VarJ 
was  .Joseph,  whosi."  fathor  was  .loiin,  who  settled  in  Newton,  ?*l-.,  and  one  ol  a 
larire  hmulv,  brouLdit  bv  their  father,  WiIIkiiu  \Vard,  from  Kie_dand.  a.bout  Kilt'i, 
who  selded  in  Sndbnrv,  AN.  Kev.  Jonadian  Waul  mariied  I'liilenia  CJay 
^Vllilal•;e^  of  Attlelioroii'jli.  i\I-.,  \\ho  was  h,im  April  (i,  177o,  and  died,  Apiil 
'2.">,  IS-J,").  'i'hcir  childr.ai  weir  .hmalhan,  bom  .Nov.  ;tu,  1  soO, -la.lnated  at  D.  C, 
IsQjj  sindh'd  ;it  tlu!  'rheoloeic;il  Seminary,  Andover,  tiid, lined  at  Ibddehnil, 
Me..  Ccl.  -JO,  l.sJa,  died  lu'b.  ^,  l.'v.'il.  a'_;v,i  'jri  ;  .lames  Wibon,  Imm  Alay  21, 
ISoli,  1,'radnated  at  D.  C,  isJii.  .-tmlied  at  the  Theolouieal  Seminary,  Andover, 
and  at  New  Haven,  ordained  at  Abinulon,  .M-;.,  Alay  :n,  1S34  ;  Philenia,  born 
Oct.  1(),  ISOl,  inarrietl  Frederick  Kobinsoii  of  Ibi'iitwood  ;  Laura  Hli/.abelh, 
born  May  ~,  ISOT,  married  Ducius  Al.  I'eidy  of  Sharon,  Ct. 

lU'V.  Friinri^  //V/c/i  was  the  fouith  seliled  miidster  in  Ibentwood.  He  has 
labored  since  he  left  that  ])laee  in  Ipswich,  Lmebrouk  I'ari-sh,  Ai~.  :  and  in 
Perry,  \Vashini,Uoii  County,  Me. 

lici\  John  (junnisuii,  wdio  had  been  previously  ordained  at  Lyman.  Ale.,  May 
12,  18:!1,  installed  over  the  Uiuon  Society  of  Sab-bury  and  Ame.-bury,  AIs., 
Dee.  31,  183.7,  and  at  Newmarket,  Lamprey  Liver,  Feb.  22,  lbo7,  was 
installeil  at  ISreiitwood.  He  wa-.  alter  le;i\in.,'  r.rentwo:!!!,  in-tailed  at  ^Ve^t 
Falmouth,  Ale.,  in  .Ian.,  1^12.  He  now  n-ides  at  Portli'.nd.  bat  a.t  pre.-eiit 
sup|di(!s  the  pidpit  of  the  lii-t  climch  in  W'e.^tbrook.  He  .str.dii  d  I'aeolo^^'y 
with  till.'  Kev.  (diaries  .leiikiii-  of  P..ill.iiid,  .\Ie,.  and  eniere.l  the  iiiini-lr\-  late 
ill  Id'e.  He  married  i'or  his  lii-t  wih',  .luaima  IiuW  of  (Jilmautun,  a...d  for  his 
.second,  a  woman  bv  the  name  of  Staiooaid. 

Urn  .J, till.':;  Ih.utiiill,  wlio  Was  boiii  Mav  1  b  lol-I,  L'l ad'.iated  at  the  'I'lieolo^'i- 
eal  Seminars',  Aiulove;-.  in  l.sl.i.  He  wa-an  In-tincior  at  ihmki.k,  N.  V.,  one 
year.  Air.  Uoulwell  has  seven  bmlheis  aiid  one  sister  older,  and  two  sister.s 
younger,  than  himself.  His  [laterind  ;.'raiulhiliier  was  of  \Vilmii;glon,  AIs.  His 
inaternal  grandfatlier  was  Dr.  lienjamin  Jones,  of  Lyndeborough,  a  physician  of 
some  cidebrity,  whose  native  j'lace  was  Ipswich,  AIs.  Air.  Poiit'.veirs  broth- 
er, William  Thur.ston  Loutwidl,  was  se\eial  years  a  missionary  amoiiLr  the 
Ojibwa  Iiullans,  in  Wiskoii-in.  ?.lr.  llmitwell  married  31ary  P.,  daughter  of 
Dea.  l^ascal  Aibbot  of  Andover,  AIs.,  April  lo,  is:!7.  Their  children  are  ALiry 
Lucelia,  born  at  Dunkirk,  N.  \'.,  Aluidi  s,  l'-::8  ;  James  Pascal,  bora  at  Aiulo- 
ver,  Feb.  0,  1840,  died  Oct.  31,  l^l  I  ;  (!eoi -e  Clark,  born  at  Lrenlwood,  Feb. 
s  .1S42  ;  Charles  Hawley,  born  at  L'lentwood,  (V't.  2;i,  1^43;  ILumaii  Elizal'cth, 
born  ?ilarch  11,  18  Ilk 

LU:rKriF:Lj)  was  a  part  of  Nottiiciham,  fioni  wliich  it  was  separated,  and  incor- 
pci.acd  Jan.  s,  17ij(j.     The  Con;^re,-;alional  Society  was  lormed  in  J'ec,  17  72. 


ti 


••V'V''  .'i  I- 


•i  ,1,1 1,/.    77-   .1   „)ro,i 

■■If.    I'r   '\    I    vm    ,-: 


,•:  .'rV  '.,.,,,  .u^ 


lS-17.1 


JL'nis/crs  in  RocliiiiQ-luiii}    (\)ini(ii. 


43 


Tier.  Timothij  Upltain  was  tho  first  mini~t<T.  His  f]r--t  \vif(\  ulm  v.ns  the 
mother  of  ;ill  his  childicu,  \vas  Hannah,  ilaiiiihtcr  uI  l.'cv.  Xalhanid  (luukiti  of 
N()rthain[)toii.  IIlt  twin  si-ii^r,  l';ii/.al)oth.  iiiarricil  Dr.  l-Mmuml  ("liailwick 
of  Di'orlicKl,  fatlirr  of  P(.'ior  Cliailu-ick.  l-lxj'.,  of  I'Ai'hv.  'I'iie  rhildrcn  of  l!ev. 
Mr.  Tpharii  arc  lldii.  .\athanii*l  rphaiii  of  liochcMcr  :  (J"n.  'J'iiiiotliy  Tpliam 
of  Pur!>ninnlh  ;  ami  .Mi-s  Hannah  rnlinm,  t!n;  ci'h'l-ra'j'd  ]'rinc'i]ial  (.f  tlie 
FlmikUo  In^litule  in  CanamlaiLnia,  \.  V.  AniuiiL'  tin"  -ramicliildri'ii  ol  Jiuv. 
Mr.  Uphaiii,  an:  Jvrv.  'I'iiorn.as  L'dL's-.Vfll  I'phain,  J).  H.,  rHif''ss.)r  in  15c.\\\l(iin 
CoIIc'l;'!',  who  wa-:  prL-viuuslv  pastor  nf  tho  ('oajivLrailniial  chnich  in  K  .'-.'■■■-t.'r  : 
Hon.  Xathanic!  (loukin  i'pliain,  a  JaJi;!;  of  tlic  Snpcrior  Cuuit  nl  .\.  H.  :  -'•••'.iV; 
widow  of  Hon.  Jiavid  liarkcr,  Jr.,  and  nnw  wile  u\  Klirnc/i-r  Coo,  V.^i\.  :  Ahr'-d. 
M.  I).,  of  N.'w  "^..rk  :  'I'iinotlij-,  .\I.  D..  d.'rojM'd  :  Jn.oph  Uad^.'r  Uphuni.  Mer- 
chant in  Piiitsmoiith  ;  Jndilh  Ahiiira.  inanii'd  i  i  .Imno  Didl.  E^ii.  ;  H.i'niaii 
Klizalu'tli,  di'cra-<'d  :  Ivath  CoLTswrl:.  m.in  ird  to  Ji.hn  IJ.'i  ly,  .AT.  H.  ;  l"...ni'is 
AViihain,  a  mcnilirr  of  tiio  ISoston  Bar:  and  AlbiTt  Gookin.  M.  D.,  of  Boston. 

The  .\fw  Kn'jiand  LrcncaluLJs-  ol  the  K'-v.  Tinv)l!iy  I'phani  is  traced  t.'  John 
Upham,  hnrn  in  ]''n'_dand,  in  \yM.  \\  iiu  cniigrati'd  to  Woyniontli,  Nrw  r.o^iand, 
ill  Ki:];"),  :ui(l  went  thence  to  Maiden.  He  was  hijhly  e.-teeinfd  for  lii~  piety, 
iiitellii,n>nce,  ainl  oneriry  of  charact^T  ;  liUed  variue.s  r:\il  ollirc^,  and  wa-  .!.■;, con 
of  the  church  many  )"cavs.  Jl'.'  poif.jir.ied  the  dnlio<  of  moderator  ot  a  town 
mectini^  a  few  lauiitlis  before  liis  death;  v.hidi  Icjuk  rlare  Feb.  .;.  li''Sl.  al  tho 
nge  of  S4. 

Lieut.  ]*hiiiehas  Upham,  .son  of  Jnhn  T'phani,  marrie.l  Rutii  Wood.  He  died 
in  con*e(juericu  of  woumls  receivei!  in  tlio  captnre  ol  Narraganset  1-ort.  i:i  H'rTS. 
Phineha>,  son  of  l/ieut.  rhinehas.  married  .Mary  :\iol!iiis.  y/.;^■  son^  I'hinehad 
married  Tam/en  Hdl,  wliose  .son  'I'lmotiiy  maiiied  Marv  Cherver.  The-e  last 
were  tho  parents  of  liev.  'J'imothy  rjihani,  wlnwe  New  I'n-latul  unccsior-.  tVom 
the  lirst,  wen*  men  u\  iiulnence  in  t'u.-  clinrcii.  and  in  liic  community,  and  were 
clistini^-uislied  foi  inIrll;L'ence,  lirmn-^-^  nl  character,  and  a  .-jiirit  of  eut.M[)rise. 
Tho  lirst  wile  of  \W\.  'I'miutliy  rphain  dlod  An--.  I.  lT:i7,  a-ed  !  I.  M  '.  Up- 
ham died  in  the  (kShI  yar  ol  ]',is  r.L-f.  and.  ;;!.ih  olhi-  minisl.y.  Tho  serin  ,n  at 
his  fimoral,  from  ]fi'b.  .\iii  :  S,  by'iu'V.  I'enT  Ifni.  asciib,-^  to  Mr.  r.ilrain 
"manv  2ifts  and  e\ce!le:!t  ^ualilica.tio:!-^  for  a  L-o-p.d  miniM'-r.""  Air.  r,':i;nn's 
second  wile,  who  was  Aliss  Heph/ibaii  .N.'al  jif  Stratham,  died  Mac  11.  1-11. 
See  Fmnili/'jL^tnni.  Lii  .Uhrrt  d.  f>'.-.;.  .\.  M..  M.   i).,  \<\r.. 

I'cr.  yd'Ui.inul  IC(7/s  was  iMcj.n'-.'d  :i  >  ircii  y  -ir-,  in  riiercantile  bu~ine  ■-  ]  r~.,:o 
entitriuL'  the  miniMrv.  He  -imlied  Im-olu-v  wit!i  iU-v.  Ah..><'S  Hcmmenway, 
D.  ]).,  of  Well-.  >hv'.  w!in-i'  d.inuhlor  1  .■  mairi.'d  in  I  TkT.  Alter  a  diliLont_aud 
iLseful  ministry  of  abnul  ;!i)  ye. us,  he  rcsi'.aied  his  pa-Liral  charLie.  'J'wc  ot  his 
sons  art'  si'tlled  in  thi'  ministry.  Tu-Midore.  ohho.nrl  in  ll.nrincrton.  .Ii  a-  TJ, 
18-i:>  :  M.i^cs  Hcmincnwav.  onhrinod  in  I'ltl-lield,  Nov.  I'l.  l^'l."-.  JI-'V. 
Nathaniel  Wells  was  ^on  ol' Dea.  .\allsaniel  \\^■l!^.  whose  lat'.eT  wa>  u!-o  Dea. 
Nallianiid  AVelN.  who  rnnoved  to  ^\'e!l:^.  Me.,  iroui  Ip-wich.  Ms  ,  and  win)  wa^ 
a  .son  of  Dea.  Thonnis  Wrils  of  Ipswicli,  who  died,  in  that  place,  Oct.  2i"'.  l''i"(5. 

AVr.  I^i'iifiiiiii  X'hi-i)  ]!il,!cn  Ava^  I'u-cer.tor  (if  tlilmantuii  Academy.  Direo 
voar.s  :  LTaduatoii  at  (lilmanton  Thoo!o::ical  Seminary.  ].>•:  10  ;  was  nunried,  Aui^. 
I'S,  IS  to,  to  ]\l.u-v  Kli/abeth  ]\ir-nn<.  dau-hter  of'  .Ki<ia!i  l':>r«ons.  V.<r...  of 
Gilmanton,  whesi-  v.  it.;  was  Jr.d-th  l!:nh:vr.  -real--.ianddam:!iler  ol  f'.ei'..  Jo- 
seph JiadL'er,  Senior.  Hi'  v.-a.s  son  of  Jlphraim  Hidden,  and  nephew  of  llcv. 
Samu(d  Hidden  of  Tamwor.li,  N.  ]!..  anil  'naiKU'in  of  Trice  Jlidden  of  lie- !,'y, 
Ms.     His  lirst  Xew  l-lnuland  ance.-lor  emi^^raled  lejin  J-hr-:laud  and  settled  in 

]!o\sdey. 

Ucci.sr;.  J'kiv.  7.'m/'o7  T. '//<,- was  ihe  lir^I  miiii-ler.  Tn  IT."-.'),  Mr.  Cutler, 
beiiiLi  changed  w  illi  immoral  condnet,  w:-,  diioe-ed  liv  a.  ("oimcil.  II"  was 
installed  in  CJr.-enwitdi,  }]-<.,  Keb.  i:-t,  ITT,  i,  where  lie  died,  Feb.  'J  I,  IT^il.  a-ed 
probably  ti.s. 

liec  'Josidh  Stcnin^  clo-ed  liis  mini-try  and  life.  July  ?."'.  IT^s.  He 
descended  from  I<aao  Steam*,  who  came  fmrn  Fuj'and.  with  ln)\-.  \\  ia'lnop, 
in  ](i:iO,  and  settled  in  \Valertown.  The  line  of  de-cent  is  1.  Isaac  aiid  S.irah 
Stearns.  'J.  John  Stearns,  wlio  married  S.arah  Alixer  of  Watertown  He 
settled   in    r.illerica.      :i.  Jehn    Ste.arn^.  who  manied    i'.li/abetli .      Ilev.'as 


<;i^ 


lit    /    .■  u') 


I     *    -i    ',;■   5 


'I".    ;.;!•;    :( 


44 


C\»n 


itio)ial   Churches  and 


[Jan.^ 


I 

the  fii^lc-hiUl  born  in  BiUciica,  on  rcroul.  •).  J(ilin  Stearns,  who  marrieil  Ksther  r 
Juhnnon.  Shu  was  a  iirftt-iiriinilihiU!jlil<r  oi  the  ci-li-bratt-tl  Capt.  Edward  j 
Johnson,  aiilhor  of  thp  ili.<tory  ot  Nru"  Knuland.  cnlilleil  '•  Wonch-r-working  ; 
Provhluncc  of  Sion'.s  Saviour  in  Now  Knulaml."  In  j^evoral  publications,  she  'i 
is  inrorrcclly  ineiitionrd  as  the  ilun^hUr  ui'  \\n:  historian.  IIlt  father  was  a 
soconil  Capl.  I'.ilwaiJ  John-on,  hur  grantlfaliu'r  was  William  Joluison,  Esq. 
Joini  anil  Ivslhor  Sit  arns  were  tho  parents  of  Uov.  .loshih  Stearns  of  Eppiiig. 
'i'he  followinir  .-horl  olutuarv  notice  aj)peare(l  in  a  puldie  |)rint,  .\w^.  -21.  17B8. 
It  is  allnbute'il  to  the  pen  oftlie  Itev.  Dr.  Ta[.paii,  then  of  Newbury,  afterwards 
Piufessor  of  Divinity  in  Harvard  I'niversity. 

''  For  the  Essex  Jouiiial  and  New  llanipshire  Paeket.  I 

";Mr.  Hoyt,  —  The   Ifev.   -Mr.   Steam-,  uliose  death  was  announced  In  your    ! 
last,  ;:in>tained  a  chaiaeter  too  ,i;re.it  and  too  good  to  he  passed  over  in  silence.    J 
The  God   of  Nature  t-ndued   him  with  sini^ndar  abilities,  which,  by  the  aid  of  ■'i 
erudition,  titled  him  for  extensive  usefuliie---.      His  a-siduons  aj)plication  to  the     | 
woik  of  the  ministry  was  truly  worthy  of  imitalion.     In  him  shone  an  assern-    i 
blai;e  of  virtue.-,  and"  graces  which  rarely  meet  in  the  .«ame  person.      He  had  a  ^ 
lively  fancy,  a  penetrating  judL^menl,  a  corri'ct  ta-te,  and  a  mind  exparided  as    -f 
the  heaven's.   His  conversation  was  ever  seasonai)le,  grave,  palhelic,  and  instruc-   ,1 
live.     Hi.s  public  discourses  were  replete  with  good  sense,  with  important  truths    •» 
in  a  clear  and  in-structivo  lii:ht,  and  received  the  approbation  of  the  best  judges.     '} 
He  de.-<piseil  pageantry,  without  the  ajipearance  of  aliectation.      He  trusted  to   A 
nothing  mortal  ;   pitied,  but  eirvied   not,  such   as  liad  their  portion  in  this  life.    ^ 
His  advice  in  Council  was  often  sought,  and  ever  approved.     He  hail  a  consti- 
tutional liimness,  and  was  cpable  of  the  most   ilispassionate  reasoninl,^     Ho 
reputliated  errors  ancient  and  modern,  and  rejoiced  to  the  last  in  his  taithful      . 
adlierence  to  tlie  doctrines  of  grace.     Ehn'ated  by  the  purer  sentinjents,  he  ever 
po.sse^sod  a  mind  calm  and  serene,     (lod,  wlio  i-  allwise  in  council,  was  pleas- 
ed to  try   his  lailli  and   patience  in  the  turnace  of  alliiction.     After  a  lingerinij       • 
and   p.unful  jieUne-s,  he  died  of  a  cancer,  in  the  .'>7lii  year  of  his  age.      In  him       ) 
died  a  tVieiid  lo  jn.-tice,  liberty,  and   luer-clic   goNcinnuMit  ;    a  vi-orous  watch-        , 
man,  a  patient  guidi>,  an  allectionato  p.istor,  a  prudent,  kind  liu-bandj  and  an       ' 
indulgent  but  truly  faithful  parent." 

Mv.  Stearns  was  a  close  and  ll,ioron!;h  student.  He  .studied  the  Scriptures 
in  their  original  languages,  w  ith  unremitting  diligence.  His  limited  means  w  oulJ 
not  allow  liim  to  possess  much  of  a  library,  liut  he  was  favored  with  the  use  of 
books  by  friends,  who  weie  alile  to  own  them.  He  was  accuslometl  to  borrow 
one  volume  at  a  lime,  and  wlun  he  had  read  it  through,  its  contents  were  his 
own.  'i'lie  late  Uev.  Dr.  'J"iia\er  of  Kingston,  mentioning  this  fact,  added, 
'■  Tlie  Bible  e.-pecially  was  his 'Library."'  ^So  intimate  was  his  knowledge  of 
the  Scripturesj  ih;it  '•  he  could  leadily  cite  chapter  and  verse,  where  almost  any 
text  was  to  be  found."'  Mr.  Stearns  was  an  ardent  friend  of  liberty.  "  Some 
of  his  sons  were  in  the  field,  diirin::  a  greater  part  of  the  Revolutionary  contest; 
and  he  sacrillced  most  of  his  woildly  interest  in  support  of  tlie  American  cause." 
[Aldcn's  EjiitaiJis]  He  was  a  meml'er  of  a  State  Convention,  in  Exeter,  in 
which  he  regarded  himself  as  fully  committed  to  the  risk  of  his  personal 
.safety.  Returning  from  the  Convention,  he  called  his  children  around  hirn, 
told  them  of  the  staml  he  Inul  taken,  and  added,  "  If  the  cause  shall  prevail  it 
will  be  a  great  blessing  to  the  country,  but  if  it  .should  fail,  your  poor  old  lather's 
head  Avill  soon  be  a  button  for  a  halter." 

Mr.  Stearns  was  tall  in  person,  and  intt^resting  in  his  pulpit  performances. 
lie  lield  the  untiring  attention  of  his  audience,  which  not  uiifrecpienlly  tilled 
the  seats  and  aisles  of  his  meeting-house,  while,  in  pleasant  weather,  a  number 
stood  abroad  around  the  doors  and  windows. 

Of  the  piinted  sermons  of  Mr.  Stearns,  two  were  on  1  John  iv:  S,  —  "  Cod  is 
love."  These  were  preached  in  lOxcter,  and  printed  after  his  death,  at  tho  request, 
made  to  him  in  his  last  sickness,  of  Hon.  John  Phillips,  for  the  use  of  the 
members  of  the  Academy.  Another  was  on  early  piety,  with  a  brief  memoir 
of  Samuel  Lawrence,  preached  Sept.  li),  177;».     Another  was  a  Fast  sermon. 

lAi:  Stearns  marrictl   first,  Sarah  Abbot   of  Andover.      They  liad   three  sons  ~.^ 
and  three  daughlei.s.     One  of  tiie  sons  was  John   Stearns,   Esq.,  of  Deerlield, 


iri'.V    ;.'j     _-;;:)- 


,  >'  .  y 


1§47.]  ^rinistcrs  in  norhlngham    Cnodii.       ,  •  4j 

N  II  Mr.  Stonrns  .llo^l  in  Xovomb.-r,  17r,r,.  In  S.ptMnl-r,  17.17,  hn  marncd 
S;r'h  Ru^.^l.s,  dau,h...r  of  I'vv.    Samuel    Uu^.-U-s   ot    Ihlknuu    uho  ^va,  a 

sr  ,E,i;^-  ■^ri..^  ::;::;;a'^;;,l-X'  >;:''  -™f « "^."'  - 

\va*  boiu  111  Lppmir,  Apiil  x,  l<iU,  {.raauauu  ai         v.. 

^■m.  IJ.v.  JcHualKm  l'...H-i:  uf  AiHlovc;  and  w..s  mdauunl  .u  '-  '^^  v^^  ,' 
A  nl  27,  17i.5,  whore  ho  dinl,  D.-o.  .v.,  l«rM  aixod  (...  Ho  ^"j"'^,^'^ -/",-;  ( 
d^u  'htor  of  K-v.  Mr.  Fronoh  of  Audnvor.  Sho  wa.  a  dosronda,.  1'  ""•'''" 
Aidoi;!c;,;lf  the  lirst  Pduri.n.,  ^vho  is  said  hv  s.mo  to  -e  boc-n  he  j.t  r>e. 
.01.  who  h-aped  upon  the  rock  at  IMviiKmih,  N.-w  Kii-h  i  d,  m  H.-H.  ^^^^-  ;\^^- 
^"a  MS  o  1  idford  lived  to  see  three  of  hi^  -^ous  .otlled  m  the  nuuv^Uy  h  -v. 
^•u>  uel  Horatio  Stearns,  ordained  .nor  the  Old  Nuilh  Church  u.  Bu.lou,  M  ., 
A      U  >,    8  t'uHl  In  VL:.  l^MHco.  .Inly  ..,  1^:^;-     l',s  ron,an.  -e.;e    --;^;; 

toSus    native'  country,    .nd  I^-''^  ^l;;;;- .,V: ;:,!;'   Doe"  U '^  1^.:  n.ar^id 
llini   An"u-tus    Sloarn.s,  ordauiod    at    I  .untnui,'.  [hm,    ih    .    i  «.    >        , 
Rebocc^  Allen   Fni/er'   of   Dnxbnry.       Rov.    .b;na.!>au    1- rouoh    Sto:uns    v  as 
0  da  aed  pastor  of  .ho   th-.l   Pro.byt.-rian   Church   ••\^^;^'""> 'I?', '.,^:  '^,,  'l 
18.5.     h]  nnrrricd  llr.t,  Joanna  Chaplin,  dauu  iter  cd  I  r.    ;;!'^-/  ^^   "^^^^'^ 
lin  of  Cand)rid-enort.     Ho  inarnod  .secondly,  Anna  >.  P.oi  ti,-.  ot  1  ml  -u   1,  Ml. 
Sarah  Caroluu^  a  daughter  of  llov^Mr.  Stoarn.  o     i>-'"-'^, '-'[l^i/^     [j  1^! 
est  JolhTds,  who  was  ordained  at  Kppu.^,  and  ^^>^'^^^^^  ^^1^''  '   f ',    ;^  j;^     l^v 
ton    yU.     Charlotte  K.thor,  a  dau-hlor  ol   Rey._  Nuauo     ^ ''^^"'~'  "'     '      ,    f'i 
J:.   a.han   Loavitt.      U.    was   urdaiuod  at    Hodtord,    and  -^[T::^;^ ^:]:     ^^^ 
Providouco,  R.  I.     Rov.  Josiah  Houo  Stearns,  >on  o    Doa.  ^    '^  ;^   '  ^;..;  ,  ^ M, 
grandson  of  Rev.  Josiah  Stearns  of   I  pplu_^  was  orda.uod  '^  .y^*-    "  ,^  "'  ,• "   f^; 
Nov.G,  lSl-l,and  nrarried    Kdi/.a    Kdhv,  danuhtor  of  ,b,lui   1^''   \-_  '  <^; .^  ,i.    j' 
;iace.'    The' mother  of   Rov.  Josiah  llouo   ^'''^''■'' V''''"  T"^\      I  Lr  U   o  rof 
Abi::ail  Richards  Howe  of  Tonudotuu,  Ms.,  was  a  do.coudanl  ol  John  AKun 

Pd^;rini  nicnioiv.  ,,      .  r  t     t,„n  Unit    Fsn     wlio^Q 

;7,.-.  ;'.(.r  IMI,  tliir.l  l»st™  at  K|.i>m-  »;M  son  "Vrl       1,    ?    IVui^v  "  Ms 

brotl.or.  Itov.  N'a,!,..,,  Unit,  «..  r»-.-  ;;l   '\V'';'r'l'f '"■■';,, „':'''',,.' uns 

in<ttll..,l    over  ll.f.    I'lvshvleriaii    .lim.-l,    n,    l>,.t..vl.on..i^'l.,    M.iicil    '.    I"-"  j. 

"■  "  rf   Tpr  I,  1S35  ;  p.™cl.f.l  it.  1).---,.  iVuu,  is:.',  tu  is  1    .  S™  '™  "-»  "t 

church  thero  in  10-13.     [O'llh's  ""l"'J/  ';'  -\.'-l'">!l  -   -<'''"''  '  ""''"^!'  '■'  ■'" 
~.,y,ot.t,o",hohn,„;..p™i.;f^^ 
'''^'""'r,,/.-,,.  CTo,,o,n,«  wn.  noM  o:,l,,in,,l  in    IVpin.-.  ^    A  now  l,oo,o  ol  ,vo,- 

.hii;i;;;,o,.,,:..w«.^a.a..o..^ 

tcTii:' F,;:;n.,ol':fr''::ni'M'M'o.  >.r.  0,0,000,  i.  „o»-  ..nh-a ..  s... 

™'S.  J/i-:  Con«-  wa,  a  son  of  l>a.  ol  tVo'or  of  !!o.ca»  on,  ,vl,o  .a,  a  .o„  ot 


A\ 


>r  1      , 


il         !.... 


t   i,>   :,' 


-j;    &'    -x^ 


46 


Forci'Ji^iL  Jlissiu/turics  JVtD/i  XuriL'icJi^   Ct. 


[Jan. 


J(jlin,  ;iiul  graiulsoii  (A  Joliu  of  Xeubiiry,  ]\Is.,  whu  i_'iiii^r;it'/J  lo  this  cuuiitry 
ficiu  Sf(;tl;tiul,  abuut  the  year  MiK).  Juiiii,  with  David  lii-i  <(jii,  ruiriuvi'il  I'rum 
Niiwbiuy  to  IJciscMV.L'ii,  in  iho  caily  sutlli'infiit  of  the  town,  and  piirclia-i'd  the 
wholo  of  that  tract  of  land,  which,  iVoni  thi  ir  iiamo,  i.s  called  Coiner's  Hill.  ^Ir. 
Covscr  bliulicd  divinity  ^vith  Jli'V.  l)r.  Ihiiii.-.  nf  Diuiharton,  and  was  oid:"' led 
in  Loudon,  iMarch  o,  isi7.  He  was  dismissed  from  hirf  char:;c  Se|>t.  'jn,  18'<8. 
Ho  preached  as  a  siipjily  at  XuithJield  antl  I'lyriiuiuh,  till  is  l.j.  Since  then  lie 
iias  sup[)lied  at  Kppin^,  uliei.;lie  imw  resides.  His  son,  Sa:iiuel  L).  ('•.  Corner, 
graduateil  at  Dailnioulh  Culle-e,  in  IS  II. 

(  J"o    1.0    C'.IUillMLll) 


l-OHi:iGN    MlSSHJXArjK.s    FROM   NOIlWiClI,    CT. 

The  followini,'  is  supposed  to  be  a  correct  li>t  of  llie  ?»lis-ionaries  that  liave 
gone  out  from  Norwich.  About  twenty  of  them  were  natives,  and  the  others 
were  lor  a  consideralde  period  residents  of  ihe  town,  belore  enterinL'  upon  iho 
duties  of  the  missionary.  Two  of  llieni,  it  will  l^e  seen,  Iicloni,'  to  an  earlier 
period  than  tlie  oiL^aiiization  of  the  American  Boaid  of  Commissioners  lor  For- 
eign .Mission-;.  One  is  attached  to  a  jXIethodisl  ?»fi-sion  ;  one  is  an  Episcopal 
clergyman  , in  tlio  emi)loy  of  the  Colonization  Sucietv.  and  twentv-for.r  have 
been  in  the  .service  of  the  American  ISuard  of  Cummirrsioneis  i'ur  FoiiMgn 
IMissions. 


Vciir.  .\:illli'3. 

17''il.  Rev.  Samson  (Iroiirn,  (."\roli(\i.'an,) 

ITc'.tJ.  liov.  Sauiiii'l  Kiil>Iaii<l,    .... 

IM-.'.  Wv.w  S.uiiurl  X>,n,.lr., 

"  .^Irs.  Nolt,  (lloxaiia  reck,)      . 

1'-!'.'.  Jiev.  .Abroii  Winslow, 

"  Mrs.  AVirislow.  (Harriet  L.  r.athmi,,)      , 

l^j'l.  Airs.  I'ainior,  (Clarissa  .fuhn^uii.) 

ISJl.  Ibiv.  Wilhuiu  I'oUer,       .... 

lS-2,').  liev.  Williaui  II.  .Maawarii.-,      . 

I'^-.'i-.  xMrs.  Olcasun,  (H.'thiah  W.Tracy,) 

IS-'?.  liov.  Joiialhan  S.  Green, 

"  ."\hs.  Ciiilick,  ( I'anny  II.  Thonias.) 

l^'S.).  -Mrs.  Sniiih,  (S.TahL.  Ibiiili'i-tuii,)    . 

'■  Alls.  TaliiLT,  (.'i_-ru>]ia  Joliii~nii.) 

.■\hs.  iliilrlmii;-,  (  i:h/.,',lH.;|,  C.  Lrithrr.p.) 
.Mi.>.  IV'iry,  (  lianirt  .1.  Lallnop,)    . 

'■  \\v\- .  .Slejilieii  .l"liiirMir., 

15:1-3.  Ilev.  jaiiics  'r.  f>ickiii=on, 

"  Ivcv.  William  Tracy,    .... 
Airs.  Hehaid.  (R.-beeca  Ar.  AVilliams.)     . 

163G.  Airs.  Cherry,  (Cliailotte  11.  L.itiiioiK) 

"  llev.  James  L.  TliMUisoi 

1S30.  Airs.  SlieiiD.iii,  (Alaitha  V..  Williams,) 

"  Airs.  Drewi  r,  (l.aiiia  b.  (■"iiMini^sJ 

"  Airs.  Cherry,  (.bine  E.  Lalhrnp.) 

ISIO.  I\ev.  Joshua  Siiiiili,  .... 

l.^i:j.  Aliss  Susan  Tr.icv,        .... 

L^ll.  Ahss  Lueiiala  iK'wncr 


.Mission. 
Onciila. 

Alaliratta. 

Ce\lon. 

Cherokee. 


Choctaw. 
Sauihvieh  Islrmdf. 

Sviia. 
.     Cherokee. 
Ceylon. 

Siain. 
Siii.;apo;o. 
Abuliua. 
.     Syiia. 
Alailura. 

CvjilU;. 

Syria. 
Oii'L'on. 
Ceybin. 
.     -A  (lie  a. 

Chocl.iW. 

Clcn-law. 


'•'  To  send  an  mie.liicatc 
than  to  tmn  out  a  mad  d,   : 


1   chihl  into  the  w,  ild,.'" 
or  a  wild  bci-t  i.it.i  \\w 


au-y. 


IS  liii'.c   r'cllCi 


Aluilii-rs  and  schoubna-tcis  ]daiil  ih  ■  sccil- of  nc:',)!y  all  the  good  and  evil 
whicli  e\i>t  in  our  \mm1.I.  Il-i  rcfn,  u'atb'n  me-::,  t'l-refn-e,  be  beeaii  iu  mu-c - 
lies    and  schools.  —  l)r.  li'^li. 


I.  .   :    .H^,  ;:.,,.     ,,.,Y,    ,. 


'I'      :■       i:ii 


.'  r^:t) 


'.)    l'.  '\:     .'1    :i,    ,,     I, 


T'lC  PiS!;cit;^-crs  of  Ihc  M i'j   L'l^ 


11 ')•?<'. 


THE    rASSEXflKllS    OF    THE    MAV    ELOWKR  IX   10-J.i. 


NATiiAMKi.    i;RAi>.vniri:T     Mii:KTr.i:rr,  m.   l 


[\\'i  iif-ir 


As  i:aii..v  us  the  year  inu:2,  scveml  volitions  p^o-^c 
the  ioiuin-  l.orJers  of  Noltin.hamslnre,  Lu.colush.ro  nn.l  ^  - '- "  ^. 
o^ehc.  ^^^Uh  their  pious  nuni.t.T^.  h.in^  ur.cvou.lv  on.r.-.;^  by 
^i;^ts  :uul  c.noas,  roulvol  to  ^h.k.  o,l  tho  yok.  of  anfdnM  m 
bomla.e,  unJ,  .s  ll>e  Lord's  free  people  to  lor.n  U'ornsclves  h  .  .- 
n.nt  h>to   a   church-state,  to   walk    n.   nil    h,s  ^v:,ys  nccouhng   to  J.  u 

best  kuou'lea^e  aud  eudcavors,  cu.t  ^'^'■"V^^'''"'^'^'"V  ll'lfl nhl'•a^,l.s 
1,1  the  vcarlGUU,  hv  rea.ou  ol  tiie  d..l;ui.;c  of  iheu  li.>hu.itc  i... 
thc^  1^.1  o  were  ohli^ed  to  a-e.uh!e  iu  tu'o  pl.ccs  and  hecome  uo 
chshncL  churches;  over  one  of  whid;  ^Ir.  John  >-th  was  --  ;-^- 
n.stor,  and  :unon-  the  others  were  Mr  Ihciiard  (  hllou  a.,..  M..  Ju.ui 
Robinson,  two  very  excellent  and  worthy  preaehers 

In    tlie   fall   of  n;07,    Mr.    Cldion   and   many   o     h.s    chuul      lu  n 
CKtrenudy    harassed.    vcn,oVcd    thcn..;K^;s   a.l    j;---^  ^  J;;;;;-- |i 
where,  in  the  sprui-'  ol 

tlierot.      They   settled  llrst  al    Ai;i-.viM:oii,      ^ 
year;  hat  lindins  that    Mr.   Siuilh  s   church,   wuidi    xya 
^        ' ""■ '■ iih   oihers,  tlicv,  vahun-  peace    .uui 


reniovc'-. 

;:>-,  they  v.-rrc  folh.wed  by  Mr.  Eobm^uu  an. 

ihcy   reiiKiiiie.l  a 

It  liiulins  that    Air.    MUiins    ■■ ■■     v-.- -    ^a.   tneie     .c  uie 

lliem,  had  fallen  into  conleutioii  wi  .,-    ^,     .>   .  •  ,i,.,,- 

piritual  ooudort  above  other  r.ches,  renKu-ed  wah  ^1^;  ^-  '"-;  ;  ''J^^ 

pastor,  to  Leydeu,   Mr.   CTd^tou  reinaniing  ui  AmstcidaLU,  vJua.  h. 

"^Ser  their  arrival  in  Leyden,  they  chose  Mr.  ^Vil!iauUhw^^^ 
to  assist  the  pastor,  as  Elder  of  the    Chn.d,.     In  then-   new  j  „>  e  o 
S,ode  they  iJved  in  love  and  haruv.ny  w,th  each  "^l'-- --\-^  ';,;;:  1 
terms  of  intercourse  w,th  their  neighbors,  Ull  they  ^-'";;';  '^^;^^'    ;  j^ 
Bv  th^  year  1(310,  many  had   con,c  ovc^r  lo  t:.eni  Ironi  %auou.    pa. is 
of  EnM and   and  thev  had  increased  and  heconie  a  -real  cong,c.Hl,on. 
In    7  I      M,    Robinson  and  his  church  be.a.  to  tlnnk  o^   enn..a,n,^ 
to  Anlcica;  and.  as  a  preparatory  su-p.  sent  Mr,    lohert  Cush.nan     .k 
Mr.  John  Carver  fnun  Leyden  over  to  l.n.Iand,    o  "^^^\^  /':  ^  ^^^  ^  ,  . 
.inia  Cn^npany,  and  also  to  s.  e  if  the  Ku,^  would  ^rant    he.n  the     d 
^crty  of  eon^sc.ince  the.e.  which  was  refused  them  ni  the  land  ol     b   •  i 
hid.     Al,hou,h   the  agents  were   not  able   to  obtam  ^-^  f  ;^J-  ^ 
their  suit  for  liberty  in  religion  under  the  hroad  seal,  a.  u  a.        ,     c! 
n^ertheless.  thev  prevailed   solar  as  to   gain   the  ^---•--;;   ^  ^  ^ 
King  that  he  wouhl  not  molest  tliem,  provMe^Uhey  carried  then      I   c. 
neae-eahlv.     l^^  I'H-,  the  agents  returned  to  Eeydeu,  to  the  gu  at  d  s 
?:'  a^itnt  of  the  peoplcTwho  .ent  thorn  ;   who,  -twithstambn.       - 
solved,   inl(;i0.tosenda.ain   two   n.enl^   to  a.ree  wi  h       e  J^  n    ,mn 


.Mr.  Cnshmau  a  second   time, 
who,  afier   long   attendance, 


Company;  and  at   this   lime   they   sent 

Tnd    witli    him    ]Mr.    "Whlliam    Ih-.ulford,    ,  . 

obtained   the,   patent   granted   by   the  Company  to    Mr.   John  ^^  n.cob. 

which  w;is  never  w-r^.  -;,.,■  .^Miri\'n  to 

Xnuvithslandmg   all  tlrese  treub'es-,  so  strong  was    heu  ';;';::;  ^^ 
nuit  Eevden  and    scatle  in  Amen, 'a,  that  they  emeied  mo  MX  a..a..    c 
Tutwdh  Mr.  Tlu.na.  Wes.on,  a  n.nvlcuU  .;f  l.aulm.    lor  ,  u  ;r    r.ns- 
porlation,   and    sent    Mr.    Ca.ver   and    M:'.    (  u-^hmau    to    l.m.^.. 
receive  die  money  of  Mr.  Weston,  to  asM.l  m  ihe.r  t;an^po,m,,on 


to 
and 


•I..    '  .!0: 

tf.  .■■■      : 


il         'II 


■'-;■:  ;.■.'     1 


lit    r.'ir 


0'  I*.  (;.- 

/•i.f' 


■(•1  ) 


rj 


0*? 


:t.  /  »'t.,    ,  -i-J   ,.  ;:■  ('.i  C.  .  /■:f\ 


4S 


The  J\isscng-crs  of 


nail  went  to 


to  provide  foi-  the  voyage.     By  direction,  :\Ir.  Cuslii 

't!?^^  ,^l";^*^^'''  ^'^'■^'^'''  ^^    ^^oulliiunptuii,  wIkhj  they  finally  joined  wUht  . 

i\Ir.  Uilham  Alartui,  who  had  Invn  i-Iiummi  to  assist  them. 

•  '^T^i"'^"^/  ^^  ^^^^^  ^"''''  '■'^"''■''  '''^  '"^P<--L-du-ell,  was  honL'lit  and  fitted  ;•' 
in  liolkiiid,  to  he  nsed  in  their  transportalion,  and  was  dcsi'Mjrd  to  be  '';:: 
kept  for  nse  in  their  new  country.  Mi:  Cuslunan,  in  Jiint>^  ICr'O,  also.V'v 
hired  at  London  the  renowned  Miy  Flower,  a  vessel  of  nine.see  'e  tuns.  , 
and  also  Mr.  Clarke,  the  pilut. 

Mr.  Cuphnim,  having  proeurod  the  .Aliy  Flower  at  London,  and  '  ^ 
lilted  u  for  the  voyage,  i)ioeeeded  in  it  to  Southampton,  where  he' i4 
and  Ca|)tain  Jones,  togeilier  with  tlu-  olhrr  agents,  remained  seveo' Tf 
days,  untd  ihe  arrival  of  tliu  i'llgnuis  ulio  left  Levdeu  in  July,  enihark-  '  ' 
mg  (lom  Delft  Haven.  '  •' 

Oa  the  .-nh  of  August,  I)oth  vessels,  the  ."Nhiy  Flower,  Capt.  Jone 
and  the  .Spee.hvell,  Capt.  lleinolds,  set  sail  from  Southampton  Tl 
small  ves.ol  proving  leaky,  lliey  In.th  put  in  to  Dartmouth  aho 
the  l.;i!i  ol  August,  where  they  remained  till  the  21st,  when  they  s 
sad  agam.  Jiulh  vessels  were  oMigetl  to  retmii  a  second  timo^( 
account  oi  tlie  leakage  of  the  Speedwell ;  and  this  time  they  put  ha 
to  Plymouth,  where  they  gave  ui.  the  small  vessel  and  dismissed  the 
who  were  willing  to  return  to  London,  3Ir.  Cu.shuian  and  his  fam 
returning  with  them. 


es, 

The. 
lit 

set 

lie  on 

ack 

ose 

ily 


During  their  passage,  one  only  died,  AVilliam  Eutlen,  a  youn'r  man 
servant  to  Mr.  Samuel  Fuller,  the  physician  of  the  new  colony,  who 
M-as  mchued  m  Mr.  Fuller's  fxmily,  according  to  Governor  Jhadford 
altlioiigh  dead  at  the  time  of  the  signing  of  the  compact. 

One  person  was  horn  during  ihc  passage,  Oceanus  ih.pkins,  a  son  of 
Mr.  Stephen  Hoi.kms,  who  did  not  survive  long  after  the  landing- 

At  the  commencement  of  the  voyage,  the  numhcr  of  passen-a^rs  of 
the  May  Flowr  was  one  hundred,  and  at  the  time  of  the  arrival  at 
Cape  Cod  Ihirhor  it  was  the  same;  one  having  died,  and  one  ha\  in- 
been  iiorn,  thus  preserving  the  integrity  of  the  mimher.  JJolh  of  these 
persons,  however,  are  numbered  among  the  passengers,  and  hence  the 
number  js  generally  siated  as  one  hundred  and  one. 

Peregrine  White,  son  of  Mr,  AVilliain  White,  was  born  in  Cape  Cod 
Harbor,  m  November,  after  the  signing  of  the  compact  and  before  the 
landing,  and  is  not  mcluded  with  the  voyagers.  He  enjoyed  the  dis- 
tinction of  being  the  hist  born  white  child  in  New  England,  of  the. 
Leyden  Pilgrims. 

The  first  child' liorii  after  the  lamliiig  on  the  twenty-second  day  of 
December.  Kiio.  was  a  sun  of  Mr.  Isaac  Allerton,  but  it  did  no:  surnvo 
Its  birth. 

^  The  May  Flower  has  already  been  stated  to  liave  been  a  vessel  of 
a.)nui   nmescore   tons,   and   was   procured   at  London   by   Mr.    Robert 
Cushnvm.  who  was   debarred   the   privilege  of  coining  over  with   the 
inlant  colonists,  as  it  was  necessary  that  he  should  remain  in  Kmdand 
to  kecj)  together  those  who  were  left  behind,  and    to  provide   for"" their 


.'Y  ,  "V 


ii'-.:,'^/    .ti-,   .   i  .  I,:  ) 


7     ■Ti      I,.,:       '.I,:    " 


.':•/!    '';\i!    .■..',ii 


'  t     V  ;  I      ; 


•■■     (1   t ' '  I 


J     ,:'!    r 


• ;     !  ' 


•■Is   ■;  [■. . 

.■'      .:t^..'     I  J, 


:  ..'tl.l   ■• 


Ail.hi  fij; 


(  1947.]  the  May  Flmccr  in  10.90.  49 


t 

\  future  cmigr;\lioi\  as  lie  had  done  for  that  of  those  of  the  fir;?!  passage. 

h'  This  lie  did  hy  [)iocuring  the  Fortnuc,  and  .sailin;^  from  Loudon  in 
*  July,  1G21,  and  arriving  in  New  J'higland  on  tlie  'Jlli  of  November  of 
t  llie  same  year.  It  is  also  highly  probable  that  lie  obtained  the  other 
early  vessels,  as  he  continued  to  be  the  agent  of  the  Pilgrims  till  his 
death,  whieh  occnrred  in  England,  just  as  he  was  ready  to  come  to 
spend  the  rest  of  his  days  in  Nov,'-  England.  In  1C21,  when  the  urst 
division  of  land  for  continuance  look  f)laee,  Mr.  Cushman,  although  in 
Englanch  was  placed  at  the  head  of  the  list  of  those  who  came  in  the 
May  Elowcr;  an  act  of  justice  alike  creditable  to  our  forefathers  and 
honorable  to  him. 

The  jMay  Flower  not  only  1)rought  over  the  first  of  the  Leydeii 
Pilgrims,  but  also,  in  the  year  1G'J'.»,  \villi  four  other  vessels,  transported 
.Mr.  lligginson  and  his  company  to  ."^^alem  ;  and  in  IGoO,  was  one  of 
the  fleet  which  conveyed  to  New  Ihigland  Mr.  "Winthrop  and  the 
early  settlers  of  the  Massachusetts  Colony. 

A  vessel  bearing  this  name  was  owned  in  England  ahout  fifleeia 
years  or  more  belbre  the  voyage  of  our  foretathers  ;  but  it  would  be 
impossible  to  prove  or  disprove  its  identity  with  the  renowned  May 
Flower,  however  great  such  a  prubabillty  might  be.  Il  is  kiiuwn, 
nevertheless,  that  this  identical  famous  vessel  afterwards  hailed  t'lom 
various  English  ports,  such  as  liOndon,  Yarmouth,  and  Soniliamp- 
ton,  and  that  it  w;is  much  used  in  transporting  emigrants  to  this 
country.  AV'hat  eventually  became  of  it,  and  what  was  the  end  ol'  its 
career,  are  equally  unknown  to  history. 

The  following  li.it  of  passengers  is  made  up  from  various  sources. 
By  referring  to  the  list  of  those  who  signed  tlie  compact  at  Cape  Cod, 
taken  from  Ciovernor  Bradford's  folio  manuscript,  we  know  who  signed 
the  com[)act,  and  the  number  of  persons  in  the  family  of  each  ;  who  of 
the  signers  brought  wives,  and  who  died  the  first  winter.  By  the 
pocket-book  of  Governor  Bradford  we  know  the  names  and  dates  of  the 
deatlis  of  sixteen  \vlio  died  the  first  season,  and  liow  many  died  belbre 
the  arrival  of  the  Fortune,  on  the  Dili  of  Novemljcr,  IG'Jl.  By  an 
examination  of  the  Old  Colony  Pccords,  we  know  to  whom  land  was 
assigned  in  U'i'Jl,  and  what  families  were  e.\tinct  at  that  time  ;  and,  as 
the  families  were  arranged  according  to  the  vessel  in  which  they  came, 
and  an  acre  was  granted  to  each  individual,  we  know  how  many  were  at 
that  time  in  each  family.  Smith  has  also  told  us  that  none  of  the  first 
planters  died  during  the  three  years  iireceding  the  close  of  the  year 
1G24.  By  the  division  of  cattle,  in  the  year  1G27,  a  record  of  which 
was  made  at  Plymouth,  we  know  every  individual  who  was  living  at 
that  date,  and  tlie  relative  age  of  each  person  in  every  family.  By- 
wills,  records,  and  gravestones,  we  know  the  ages  of  many  of  the  Pil- 
grims and  their  children. 

From  such  materials,  and  with  such  authorities,  the  following  table 
has  been  constructed;  and  it  is  believed,  that,  although  there  is  a 
possibility  of  the  existence  of  small  errors  which  can  never  bo  proved, 
the  list  is  entirely  or  very  nearly  correct. 

In  order  to  save  space  and  unnecessary  printing,  and  to  exhibit  more 
readily  for  reference  some  of  the  most  im^iorlant  facts,  the  tollowing 
distinctive  marks  are  made  use  of 

Those  who  signed  the  comiiacl  at  Cajte  Cod,  on  the  1 1th  of  Novem- 
ber, 1G20,  are  in  capitals. 


Of 


■'■A 


'    .,'0 


:i'    /. 


GO 


The  Pit!^sc}ig-crs  of 


[Jan. 


The  nninl)or  in  each  fainily  is  iiulicatfil  by  ilic  Arabic  iimiieral.       ^ 

Those  who  bi'uughl  their  wives  liavc  thi-^  i;i:ir!c,  '\. 

Tho^e  who  left  ihcm  lor  u  liiac  in   lIuUaiKl  or  England  are  ihas 
clislingiiished,  1.  r 

Those  who  ched  l)erore  the  arrivtd  of  the  Fortune  on  the  0th  of 
Noveniljcr,  lCr2],  liave  an  asterislc,  * 

TI)ose  who  died  before  the  division  of  cattle  in  1G"J7,  arc  in  itahcs. 

Tlie  (biles  of  tliose  who  died  the  lirst  season  are  given  as  taken 
from  Bradford's  pocketdjook. 

/ 
JOUN  C.tnVER,  ilieJ  in  April,  l(i'21.  j* 

■Mrs.  Ciirrcr,  (his  wife,)  died  in  May,  lfi21.  * 

Fdizal>c!h  CaiNcr,  daui^htcr  of  "Mv.  Carver  and  also  wife  of  John  IIow- 


Jaspcr.  (tlic  boy  of  ■\Ir.  Carver,)  died  Due.  G,  H'ylO. 

John  HowlanJ. 

'J'kree  others  of  tlii'i  Jhrnihj  died  before  1C27. 

WnJJA:\I  BRADFORD. 

J7;v.  JJoral'iij  Jiradford,  (his  wife,)  drov.-ned  Dec.  7,  lG-20. 

EDWARD   WIN  SLOW.  \ 

Mrs.  Eltzabtth  irin^tow,  (his  wife.)  died  :Marcli  21,  1C20-1.  "^ 

Edward  Wiuslow,  Jr.,  son  of  Edward. 
John  Wiii,slo\r,  son  of  Edward. 

GEORGE  SOULE. 

WILLIAM  BREAVSTER.  '  t 

]\Irs.  llrLf-'ter,  (his  wife.) 

Love  Brewster,  snu  of  ^Villiam. 

Wrestliiin'  Brewster,  son  of  William. 

I\Irs.  Liicrelia  Browster,  wife  of  Jonathan,  the  oldest  son  of  Elder  Brewster. 

William  Brewster,  son  of  Jonathan. 

ISAAC  ALLERTOX.  t 

Mrs.  Mnry  Allerton,  (his  wife,)  died  Feb.  25,  1G20-1.  * 

Bartholomew  Allerton,  son  of  Isaac. 
Remember  Allerton,  daughter  of  Isaac. 

IMary  AlK-rtou,  daiiijhter  of  Isaac,  and  also  wife  of  Elder  Thomas  Cash- 
man. 
Sarah  Allerton,   daughter  of  Isaac,  and   also   wife   of  ]Moses   Maver- 


iMILES  STANDTSIL 

]\[rs.  Rose  .Staiidisli,  (his  wife,)  died  Jan.  20,  li)20-l. 

JOHN  ALDEX. 

SAMUEL  FULLER. 

D'Hlimn  Ihillcd,  (his  -servant.)  died  Xov.  (>,  IGO.b 

CHRlSruPIlEn  MJirriN.  died  Jan.  ^,  Iti.'d-I.      • 
Mrs.  Jlartin,  (his  wife,)  died  the  lirst  winter. 
Soloinoa  Mortiii,  son  of  Christopher,  diml  Dec.  2  1,  1G20. 
One  olher  of  iii  is  family  died  the  first  leidtcr. 

WILUAM  MULLTXS,  died  Feb.  21,  1(;2()-1. 

]\frs.  Mi'llin^,  (his  wife,)  died  tho  first  winter. 

ri'iscilia  -Mullins,    daughter  of  William,   and  also  wife   of  John   Al- 

den. 
Two  others  of  tJcis  family  died  the  first  winter. 


* 


\-' 


'I'.-      ','-J!l      )l'j 


Olrn;  ;;    ,-,u  l-r. 


'-■  j,'>'i 


'.'V'l 


■'  ii' 


^.  ;,',>.',!■■'..!■;':•   >.' 


'.    '■,..■:  /,!   r>.'i'  111 


•A,'  -'^  ■■     '  ^ 


M     1 


,;    / 


'  ■''  ,f  r 


I,  i  -.;;.   .tt:.v  :■.'')  uV.' '■-■..  ^^' 


I     1S17.] 


(he   M\:ij    1-loirn-  id    KYIO. 


51 


I 


WllUAM  WIJITK,  died  Fc'l..  -.M,  K.Jo-l.  .  f*- 

Ml'*.  Sii>:ui!i;i  \Vliil<'.  (his  wifi'.)  at'tcrwjrds  wifo  of  fJuvcnior  'Win.^lo'.v. 

R.'solvccI  \\'\\\W.  SMI  (if  William. 

W'dlunn   Uhilc,  Jr.,  ^.un  (if   William. 

Lihcir.l  'ianiip^.n}.  died  Dec.  1,  liijn.  * 

UICMAIll)  WAHUr.N'.  t 

STi;i'iii;\  iioi'ivi.xs.     '  '       \ 

Mr:^.  VAi/.\\W'\\\.  ll(i[)kiiis,  (lii.s  w\\v.) 
\    Constance   llopkiuSj  daiiujhler  ul   .'^■ii'[)hea  and  also  wife  of  Nichohii 
\  Snow. 

f  Giles  lfi)[)kiiis,  son  of  Stcplieii. 
\  Caleb  Hopkins,  son  of  Str[)lien. 
[•     Occuaus  JIojiLitiij  .-(in  oi  .Slepheii,  born  at  sen.  '  * 

r    EDWARD   Dr)T!:V. 

^  EDWAiii)  Li:isTi:n.  ._   - 

KDWAllI)    '/7/./,/;y,  died  lln-  Inst  winter.  [* 

il/y-i'.  7'(/''' //,  (liis  wile.)  dicil  tin:  lii-t  winter.  ^' 

2'iru  uUui-6  ('j'li'i:sj[:iuilij  iiuil  tlu  jir^t  icnt'-i:  *' 

/O^/.V  77/././;r,  dird  the  fir>t  win'..,-.  i* 

sj'     il/r5.  TiUty.  (his  wife.)  died  the  lii.-t  winter.  "^ 

One  other  uf  tkis  famiUj  dud  tltc  fubt  ivinltr.  '  '^■■ 

%    FKAXCIS  COOKK.  ■      '  % 

John  Cduke,  (called  the  vomi'zcr.)  son  of  rianci?. 

T/ZO.V./.S'  7.'0^'/;A's'.  .lied  the  lirst  winter.  * 

Joseph  l!iiL,'ers,  sun  ef  'I'liemas. 

yV/O-V./.S'  77.VA7;A'.  died  the  first  winter.  ■         ■  t*^ 

Mrs.  Tinker,  (his  wife.)  died  the  lir.^t  winter.  '  ^■"' 

One  iH'jre  of  this  J'mndij  died  tltc  jin^t  ifinli  r.  •.    ,      ,.,  * 

/0//.V  AV/>CV/>J/:/:,  died  the  lir>l  winter.  t^ 

3Irs.  Jluhdule,  (his  wife.)  died  the  lli-l  winter.  '  ,,  *" 

T^DI/'J/.'/;    /•Vy/./"j;/.'.  di.d  tlu;  nr-4  winter.  t* 

il/rs.  /'('//,/•.  (his  wife.)  dii'd  th.'  lii-t  wnilm.  ■  * 

Samuel  Fuller,  (called  the  voiniL^cr.)  .-on  of  Edward.  , 

JOIIX  'rn:.\i:R,  died  the  fnst  winter.  * 

Two  others  nj  ih^s  faindij  died  tlic  first  winter.      '  '" 

FEANCIS   F.ATOX.  I 

Mrs.  llilu,!.  (his  wife.)  died  before  liiJT. 
Suniiiel  Katon,  .son  of  Fiancii. 

JAMK^  CHILTON,  died  Dec.  S.  KJJu.  ■  t*; 

Mrs.  Chiltihi,  (his  wil'e.)  died  ih..'  lir-t  winter.  "^ 

j\Iary  Cliiltoii,   daii-iiler  of  James  and  al.-.o  wife  of  John   AVin-Ijw, 
the  brother  of  Kthvard. 


JOIIX  CItACK.STOX, 
John  Crack>ton,  Jr..  son 


die.l  t 


he  fir.-t  ^\inter. 
m. 


JOHX  lULLlXCTO.X. 

Mis.  Ilelon  binin-lon,  (his  wife.) 
Francis  llillini^ton^  -on  of  Jolni. 
John  I'illinuton,  Jr..  .-on  of  John 


!.    '.r. 


■:0.v 


f  \r  n  ■  \'  '.\ 


':X),.'\l-   :\ 


5-2 


J  lie   Ptisscw^crs   of  Ihn     \T,,,    r<f 

«, r.,6  oj  iiic  jiiij  i< lower  III  10:20. 


^i05^.!;FA/;m/z;/^,dic,l,hcfi.sl.inl,.r. 
JOHN  (WO  DM  An. 

UKaOllY  PRIEST,  died  Jan.  1,  inoo-i. 

GILB|.:jrJMVL\SLO\V,l.ro.herori:.iuani 

PETEIl  iJliOWX. 

niCILIRD  BRITTERIGE,  died  Dec.  21,  I0>o 

/J/e/LJA'/)  6'L.7A'AT,  died  .1..  l]..t  winter. 

rJCIIArvD  GARDIXER. 

JOIIX  JLLER-nJX,  (.oaman,)  died  the  iir.t  winter. 

rilU.MAS  Eyf;Llsn,  (scanianj  died  the  /I„t  winter. 


Total. 


1 
1 
1 

101 


enutnerued:!  '^'   J'^n^daud,  tu    the   year    l.TJJ,  may  be  th 


the 
us 


la  November,  IGJO, 
In  December,     '•'        ' 
la  January,  H!20-I, 
la  February,     '• 
In  ^larcli,  " 

III  April,  KLM, 
In  May,      " 

From  April  G  to  November  9,  IGOI, 
From  November  0,  1G21,  to  lG2j, 
Total. 


1 

C 

8 

17 

13 

1 

1 

■1 

0 

51 


Of  !!ie'^(>  were,  — 
^'iunrr-;  1,)  111,,  compact, 
Wives  of  the  .signeis, 
Known  members  of  familii-s 
vi/  :    U'illiam    Uutten,    Kd-' 
^vaid  Tliompson,  Jasper,  ihe 
b.iy,    Solomon   Martin,  'and 
Creanu-s  Hopkins. 
Unknnwn  im-mbers  of  the  fol- 
low ini,'  families,  viz  ■ 
Of  Carver's, 
Of  .Alaitin'.s 
Of  .Mullins-.s, 
Of  Edward  Tilley's, 
Ol  John  Tillev's,' 
OfTinker':^,   "    ^ 
Of  Turner's, 

Total, 


21 
13 


er'ha^h';,r'::,°n':'l''',j"  "■•-■'■"-">;  S--o..n,Hl  II,„„H„io  Coop 

account.^  "'^  ^""^"'■'  '^'''^  '''"   thoreibre  c.eluded  m  tins 

iii.t  sea.ou.      Lut  as  his  name  occurs  ainoni,^  those  who 


3 

1 
2 
2 
1 

:? 

^1^ 
*»^-. 

:.-,* 

1 

t^ 

2     32 

.'l; 

51 

i 

-oop- 

i^Iay 

!iave 

they 

'- 

/'■■■'    sxs   Vt 


,,<'  <  ,•;,  -•"'  .v,i.\\'>^  'V,'       ^'" 


,;ir'!  1^ 


:'i    ■    '"Ml 


...    ,.,.   ■■   ■     /-'I    '.:..)•      !:-lt 


:>f\.  ,- 


;>«•*«# 


NOTE. 


The  following  mistakes,  not  attributable  to  the  author,  slioulil  be  thus 
correcled  : 

On  page  50,  lino  lo, 'Mohu  lluwland"  bliould  he  in  lloinan  Capitals. 
Oil   page   50,  lines    1:2,  31,  3u,  and  4  9,  the   word   "  al^o  "    should   Ije 
"afterwards." 

On  page   -50,  line  23,  "  George    Sonic"   should  be  included   in   the 
(      family   of  Kdward    Winslow,    and    the   numeral    1    again^J   his   name 
erased. 

On  page  51,  lines  9  and  41,  the  word  ''also"  should  be  "afterwartls." 
:  On  page  48,  line  51,  the  word  "  the",  before  inAmt,  slioidd  Ijc  "  its." 


•0",-V^ 


•J'J       m'OC''' 


I  r,"    •■  ;     •'  I. 


lS-17. 


Mitjor  Pcndltlon's  Letter. 


53 


had  garden  lots  in  1020,  niul  niso  in  the  division  of  land  in  1023,  it 
must  l)c  inferred  tiiat  he  was  marked  hy  ini-stake,  or  else  Mr.  I'lince 
committetl  an  error  in  taking  Ids  copy  lur  the  Annals. 

Three  of  the  wives  of  the  signers  were  left  in  l"hiiopc;  namely,  Ijridg- 
ctt,  the  wife  of  Dr.  Samuel  Fuller,  1  fester,  the  wife  of  Francis  Cooke, 
nnd  Eli/.abtjth,  the  witV'  of  Richard  Warren.  These  afterwanls  came 
over  in  the  Ann,  in  1G23. 

Five  lost  their  wives  and  married  again;  namrdy,  William  Bradford, 
who  married  widow  Alice  Southworlh;  luUvard  \^'inslow,  wlio  married 
widow  Susanna  White  ;   Isaac  Allcrton,  who  married   Fear  lirewster, 

nnd   afterwards,   Joanna ;   Miles    Standish,  wlio  married   llar- 

bara ;   and  Francis  l^atoii,  who  married  Christian  Penn. 

Others  were  married  for  the  first  time;  namely,  John  llowland  and 
Elizabeth  Carver;  George  Soule  and  Mary;  Love  Brewster  and  Sarah 
Collier;  John  Alden  and  Priscilla  .Mullins;  llesolved  White  and  Judith 
Vassal;  Ciles  Hopkins  and  Catherine  Wheldon  ;  Edward  Dotey  and 
Faith  Clarke;  John  Cooke  and  Sarali  AVarren ;  Samuel  Eaton  and 
IMartha  Billingfon. 

Several  of  the  Pilgrims  had  cliildren  born  in  New  England,  an 
.2C0unt  of  whom  may  form  another  article  at  some  future  time. 


MAJOR    PENDLETON'S    LETTER. 

Copy  of  a  letter  from  IMajor  Brian  Pendleton  to  the  "  Honored 
Governor  and  Coimsell  for  the  Matacusets  at  Boston,"  occasioned  by 
the  attack  of  the  Indians  on  Casco,  Me. 


"  Honored  Governor 

together  with  the  Counsell, 

I  am  sorry  my  pen  mu.=t  he  the  messonjcr  of  soe  greate  a 
Tragedye.  On  the  11th  of'tliis  in-tant  wee  heard  of  many  killed  of  our  navbors 
in  falmonlh  or  Ca.sco-Bay:  and  on  the  ICth  instant  -Mr.  joslin  sent  me  a  briefe 
letter  written  froni  under  the  hands  of  INIr.  Burras*"  the  minister.  Ilee  gives 
an  acct  of  32  killed  and  carried  away  by  the  Indians  :  him«elfe  escaped  to  an 
Island,  but  I  hope  Black  poynt  men  have  fetched  him  of  by  this  time.  10  men 
6  women  and  10  children.  Anthony  a[n]d  Thomas  B[r]a[c]ki't  and  Mr.  Mun- 
joy  his  soiuie  onely  are  named.  I  had  not  time  to  copjiye  the  letter,  persons 
beinge  to  goe  post  to  Major  Walden  ;  but  I  hope  he  hath  before  this  sent  the 
originall  to  you.  How  soon  it  will  be  our  portion  wee  know  not.  The  Lord  in 
mercy  fit  us  for  death  and  direct  the  harts  and  hands  to  ackt  and  doe  wt.  is 
most  need  full  in  such  a  time  of  distro-^s  as  thi-^.  Thus  in  haste  I  commit  you 
to  PvdniMU'e  of  our  Lord  Cod  and  desire  Your  prayers  also  for  us.     Yours  in  all 


humility  to  sarve  in 

'•  Winter  Harbor  at  niqht 
the  13  of  AuL'ust,  lU' 


night  ) 
ITtJ."   j 


the  Lord, 


BRIAN  PENDLETON." 


Rev.  Gcurgo  Burroughs, 


U'jiHi' '.      .Itf'i,     .•v..i'"< 


.\i  iti;    _i.;:^n  1         , 1.. ■»■]<: 


-r  ,i.,-  ;■■  r  ^ 


•I.-': 


;    .   I-  !:;'••  cj 


■I)..      m'J  !■ 


IJ.^     :V    ,■■(,■/ 


5i 


JuryJ(i'".l  Sliifisli'-s  of 


[Jan. 


CAPT.  MILKS  STA.XDISirs  I.WI'NTOUY  OF  LOOKS. 


Tlu!  following  books  are  inciitioiu-il  in  lln'  Iiiv Titory  of  llic  ;,'oods  of  Capt. 
^MiU'.s  S!;i!Kli>li,  as  tliey  won.;  .->lir\.ii  lo  lln-  .\,),ii;ii-er.s,  Jolia  Akd-a  an  1  Jaint'S 
CuJwoilli,  ])fc.  '2,  IG'aJ.     The  accnunl  i-i  Innu  .;,i\Lii  i\r>  faan.l  in  ihc  Invciilory. 


.1'  .V.  (/. 

Ul  10  dO 

(I.  lis  (J(J 

III  in  III) 

111  (;1  no 

1. 1  n^i  i;i) 

IK)  IJ  1)1) 

no  1  1  ni) 

,11)  10  00 


Tho  Ilistoiy  nf  ilic  World  and  llio  Tnrl-.idi  lli^lmy    . 
A  Chronical  of  I'lnirlarul  and  tlie  CuniiUy  Karni"i-  . 
Y"  History  of  (,»  iccii  Kli/alic'di     llm  SlAtc  of  lanojio 
Doctor  ]  [all's  w  o;i;i's     CaK'in's  la^lilntiuiis     .... 

>,Vilrock,/s  \V..rkcs  an.l  .Al.iyors 

]i:r.'cr>  S.-avca  'IVcati^L's  and  tho  Fieach  .Alcadcniy 

3  old  I'.iMcs 

Cr-i'is  Conicntaiv.s     UariiTo's  Artiili.My  ..... 
I'lL'-tuns  SLMimni.,      JUirrougla's  Cliii.-;liaa  ContrrUir.cnt,  Go5- 

poll  Convt'r.sation  ....... 

Pas-^ioiis  of  tlie  )iiind.    Tho  I'lii.sitions  practico    . 

l>inrou:;lis  Karllity  miudcdnos,.     llmroiiL'lis  discoveries 

liall  0)1  Faitli — JJriiily  ^Valcll,    Dud  on  the  Lord's  .sapper     . 

Spai-k.s  ai,rainsi  hercsie  —  Davenports  Apolo'jv 

A  reply  to  Dr.  Cotton  on  IJaplisine  —  the   G;i:inan  History  — 

The  Sweden  LilelliLTOnccr — IN'ason  ili-eu<ed 

1  TiJ^taineiit — 1   I'saline  BoulvC  —  natnii'  and  irr;ire  in  conflict 

A  law  liooke  —  Tiie  nieane  in  Moii-iuii'j;  Allegations    .Lhn-     }    ('•)  0(i  00 

.son  a^^'inst  hearin 

A  pavcc.'l  of  old  lloiikes  npun  diver.-?  snl'jectj  in  •!lo  .         .  I'o   l  1  tin 

Anollna-  jiaieid  in  Octavo  .  ......  0  i   Oo  00 


111   01  00 

1)11    10  00 
00   10  00 


Wilsons  l)i.\.onarv    J  Imner's  Uliad.    a  Con.in;rp.!a,ie  on  James    ) 


i^all's  Catecliesnie. 


!■     O'i    1-J   oO 


) 


NOTICES- OF  THE   COURTS   OF   .1  FDICVTrRi:   AND   ov   Tirp.   B.AR 
OF    Till-:    COUNTY    OF    MFRRl.\L\Ci;,   NFW   11  AMFSll  1 1!  U. 


I. 
I 


B  V   i;ri:riin.\"   colhy   i\vnc;],:R,  r..5ii.j   or   concorix'* 

The  History  of  the  Courts  in  Xc.v  Nanjp-l.ire,  includinij  an  accovnit  of  tiro 
varion.s  systems  of  .Iialicatine  I'roni  tini  ■  t  ;  lime,  ha^  been  published  in  an  aiti- 
cle  contained  in  the  .^.nieiica:i  (ii;a:lcrb,-  i:iLi;~;er,  \\A.  XII.,  ]):-.';':ired  by 
Fiancis  Cou^well;  F.  i[-,  of  .Du\i'i'.  :u:d  in  Ai-licli's  e  atained  in  t!.'.'  .\.".-,  Hamp- 
shire Repositorv,  V.,!s.  I.  a-)id  11.,  [)r.'par''d  ji,-  William  JIutteMlel.l,  Il-'j  .  of 
Gihuanloa,  Ilu.n.  Saiiiuel  D.  Dell  of  .Blanche -i't,  and  the  1 1  r.i.  John'  h'eily  of 
E.\eltM-,  N.  11.     Nothing'  further  need  lie  said  on  liii>  .-ubject. 

'J'lie  Coaal','  of  '.Irrriniack,  by  an  act  of  tin;  Ueul  daliwe,  pas-ed  in  l'^'?^,  was 
uMJiied  fioiii  the  Connllr..;  of  iIillsboi'i^ii_h  and  iiocl.inirha.ni,  with  the  i".vceplio;i 
of  ajiail  of  the  town  of  Franklin,  whieli  was  t.ikeii  from  Sanboniltm.  thmi  in 
Slralloid  Coanly,  now  in  the  County  of  llelkna.p.  It  conta.ins  Iv/tiity-four 
towns. 

The  Counties  of  lliU-boroni^li  and  ?\[errimack  compose  tlie  Second  .Tndicial 
Di--liicL  tor  the;  transaction  ol  busmrss  of  the  Superior  Couit,  and  C'inil>  aro 
held  annnally  at  Coinerd  on  the  .second  Tne-da}'  of  .!nlv,  and  at  Amher.-'l  oi.  too 
.second  Tnc.-,day  of  Deeonber. 

'J'hi;  followinL,^  li-t  of  JikIl^os,  Conntv  OiliciMS  ;md  Memluns  of  the  Par, 
includo  tho.-e  who  resiiled  within  the  limits  of  the  Ciunitv  of  .Meiri)nacL  la'foro 
its  lonnalionj  and  al.->o  those  who  have  ic-iided  \'.  ithln  tiie  Cou)ity  si)ice  il  was 
formed. 

f"  lii  I'lcjiariiiy  liii-' nrliclc,  a-.ii-tuucc  w;is  ii.ii'bii  J  I'V  MocJy  Kent,  U^ij, 


%' 


I  if 


vUfi'-;!      '0    '.;' 


'(,■  U"i 


,.  k   li-i  iVl 


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60 


i.'e' 


Bio'j,raj)Jtical  Nut  ices  of 


[Jan,  ■  }\ 


LIOGIlArillCAL    NOTICES    OF   DECEASED    niYSICIANS    ;'^ 
l.\    ."MASSACHUSETTS. 


15  Y      E  1!  E  N  J:  Z  E  R     A  L  D  E  .\  ,      M  .      D , 

To  l!ie  EilikT  ofiliu  Now  Eiijl.iiul  Ili-tonva!  and  Gcncaloyieal  Picgi-itcr. 

J)f:AR   Siu, 

In  accordance  with  yoDr  suijirc^tion,  I  propose  to  senJ  you  occasionally  for 
pcblicailun,  as  your  liiails  may  piMsnit,  brief  uuticc;  and  rcinini^cences  of 
I'hy.sicians,  who  have  lived  in  -Ma-sacliusetts.  .;' 

The  jjian  of  your  Periodical  reipiin.'s  that  sucli  notices  should  be  brief;  and 
I  shall  u^Lially  refer  your  readers  to  the  sources  of  iiifornTation,  Ironi  which  my       ' 
materials  iiave  been  obtained,  so  as  to  facilitate  the  iuNc-liyatiuaa  of  ihu-^e  wiio 
may  wi:-h  in  any  case  to  make  still  further  itniuiries. 

rerhaps  no  class  of  public  men  is  so  little  known  to  the  community  beyond  f- 
the  limili'd  circle  of  professional  pursuitd,  as  physicians.  Their  life  is  one  of-  ' 
incessant  continement,  anxiety,  and  toil.  A  poiti(jn  of  their  labors,  as  lar^'e  aa 
from  one  fouith  to  one  third,  is  gratuitous.  To  them,  if  to  no  oiher.-j,  it  is  an 
abidinijf  truth,  The  j>our  uhcdij'!  ye  hiire  tcitli  yoii.  It  is  c.vceedinL'ly  lare  even  -. 
in  cities,  still  more  so  in  the  country,  to  litid  a  phvsiciaa  of  hunorable  standing 
with  his  h'llows,  who  has  aciiuired  ;:;rtMt  wcailli  as  the  fruit  of  professional 
service.  Having  lood  and  rainieul,  he  inu-t  Icaru  tliLMcwilh  to  be  content 
Neverthcle.>s,  physicians  liud  abundant  sources  of  enjoyment  in  the  sympathy 
and  kindness  of  many  attached  friends  ;  ami  it  is  believed,  that,  according  to  the 
measure  of  their  ability,  they  are  not  behind,  the  averaire  of  their  fellow-citizens 
in  works  of  philanthroi>y  and  benevolence,  in  the  war  of  the  Revolution  they 
were  fully  represented  in  the  senate-house,  and  on  the  battle-lield  ;  and  the 
names  ot  I'rescott,  llolton,  Tliomas,  Brooks,  and  Warren,  with  many  others,  will 
go  down  to  posterity,  no  less  hduored  as  statesmen  and  patriots,  than  as  emi- 
nent members  of  the  medical  jirulession. 

It  is  pleasant  to  recall  the  virtues  of  such  men;  to  know  where  they  lived  ; 
who  were  their  associates  ;  how  they  performed  the  duties  of  social  life  ;  what 
obstacles  they  encountered  and  what  rewartls  they  obtained  ;  and  to  hold 
forth  their  example  to  the  younger  members  of  the  profession  and  especially  to 
those  ju^t  about  to  enter  it,  as  a  practical  illubtratiun  of  the  great  truth,  that  a 
lite  perseveringly  devoted  to  the  good  of  others,  even  under  the  most  discour- 
aging cireumslunces.  will  ultimately  secure  the  public  confidence,  and  meet 
its  reward.  .-;        ,    ^         ■         Jlespectlullv,  yuurs. 

]— DR.  En.VSTUS  SERGEANT,  SENIOR,  OF  STOCKBRIDOE. 

The  i'ollo^^•illg  Notice  of  a  disliiignislu'd  pliysiriati  and  \vorlhy 
man  is  copied,  willi  liitle  alteration,  Iroin  a  Ie1ter*addi-e.^«ed  to  myself 
by  Bf.  Oliver  raiirldge,  in  December,  1841,  wiien  he  was  over 
ninety  years  of  age. 

Dn.  JIrastus  Si:r:cE.\\T  was  born  at  Stockbridge,  August  7, 1742, 
and  died  November  ]4,  ]S14,  aged  7:i. 

lie  was  the  son  of  llcv.  John  JSergeant,  the  first  missionary  to  the 
Indians  on  the  Ilonsatonic  lliver,  wlio  was  born  in  Newark,  N.  J., 
in  J 710;  graduated  at  Yale  College  in  17:29;  was  there  a  Tutor 
lour  years,  and,  having  a  great  desire  to  be  a  luissionary  to  the 
Aborigines,  went  to  Liteiilleld,  in  1733,  where  some  English 
people  had  settled;  procured  a  guide  and  wont  on  foot  forty  miles 
lurther  through  the  wilderness,  to  the  Indians,  where  he  me't  a  cor- 
dial reception.       He  then  returned  to   New  Haven,  resigned  his 


■^■•^>;d 


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1947.] 


Dcccascil  Plii/sh'iafu  i/i  Jrnsn/iclii'.sflfs. 


Gl 


Tutorship,  and,  having  madi'  ihc  iicc-c^sary  preparation-,  went 
back  in  1731,  and  cotnnioncod  his  mission. 

In  1735  CIov.  Dudk'V  appointed  a  inci-ting  of  the  Indians  on 
business  at  Deerfiehl,  where  the  Rev.  John  Si^rgeant  was  ouhiined 
as  tlieir  niinislor,  and  he  with  Mr.  Timothy  Woodbridgo  as  school- 
master, (afterwards  Hon.  Timothy  AV.,)  went  to  spend  their  lives 
with  the  Indians. 

The  Rev.  I\Ir.  Sergeant  married  Abigail,  the  daughter  of  Col. 
E])hraim  Williams,  of  Newton,  near  Boston,  one  of  the  chosen  six 
wlio  had  farms  allotted  them  across  our  pleasant  hill,  to  be  society 
for  the  two  missionaries. 

JNIr.  Sergeant  died  in  17-li),  in  the  midst  of  his  usefulness,  a  most 
amiable  man  and  greatly  lamented.  He  left  three  children  :  I">a?- 
tus,  the  subject  of  this  memoir;  I-Mecta,  who  married  Col.  Mark 
Hopkins  of  Great  Barringlon,  and  was  grandmother  to  the  two 
brothers,  Mark  and  Albert  Hopkins,  the  fornu'r  the  Pre.-ident  and 
the  latter  a  Professor  at  Williams  Cohege:  and  John,  the  fourth 
missionary  to  tiie  said  Indians,  who  n-moved  wiiji  iheni  in  IT^H,  then 
being  about  four  luuulred  and  iifiy  in  number,  to  Om,'ida  County, 
N.  v.,  and  there  died. 

Their  mother  married  for  her  second  husband,  Cleu.  Joseph 
Dwight  of  Great  l^u•rington,  who  then  had  five  children,  and  i)y  her 
he  had  two  more,  from  whom  our  Dwights  and  Sedgwicks  arc 
descendetl, —  and  their  mother  became  again  a  widow. 

Notwithstanding  the  ditlieullies  of  the  war  with  the  J'^eneh  and 
Indians  of  Canada,  ;uid  the  residing  on  the  frontier  with  the  care 
of  his,  hers,  and  their  children,  by  the  inniu-nce  and  assi.-tance  of 
their  friends,  iM-astus  was  j)rcpared  for  college,  and  speiu  two 
years  at  Princeton,  N.  J.,  before  the  circumstances  of  tlie  family 
required  his  return. 

In  17GI  he  went  to  live  with  his  uncle.  Dr.  Thomas  AVilliams  of 
Deerfield,  and  was  there  about  three  years  in  the  study  and  practice 
of  medicine.  In  January,  I/G-j,  he  commenced  the  practice  of 
physic  in  Stockbridge.  The  towns  in  the  vicinity  were  then  but 
partially  settled,  and  not  supplied  with  ])liysicians,  so  that  he  soon 
had  much  business.  Several  severe  cases  of  conuninuled  fracture, 
successfully  treated  by  him,  served  to  extend  his  fame,  and,  in  a 
short  time  his  advice  was  much  sought,  and  in  surgical  c-ases  he 
became  the  principal  operator  within  a  circle  of  thirty  miles  diam- 
eter;  and  his  usefulness  was  continued  until  Dr.  Jones  and  others 
succeeded  him  in  business. 

He  was  endowed  with  sound  judgment  and  skill  in  his  profes- 
sion ;  was  sedate,  kind,  very  cliarital)le  and  benevolent,  with  a  large 
share  of  the  Christian  graces,  and  truly  was  the  ^^  hdovcd  p/ii/siciait.''^ 
More  than  twetUy  young  men  sludii'tl  nu'difine  under  his  tiirection. 

It  was  said  of  him,  thai  no  owe,  I'ver  spoki-  ill  o\'  him  from  his 
youth  up.  He  was  an  important  uu'mbcr  tmd  deacon  in  the  Rev. 
Dr.  West's  church.  He  received  a  Master's  degree  at  Yale  College 
in  17S4 ;  was  electi'd  a  I'ellow  of  the  Massachusetts  Medical 
Society  in  178') ;  was  a  Ju-^iice  of  the   IVrue,  autl  a   Majc^-  in   the 


m 


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02 


BiogTOjilikal  Xuticcs  of 


[Jan. 


Soiiili  Regiment  of  the  County ;  and  was  oliliged  to  keep  garrison 
with  til?  Regiment  at  Lake  Cli;unj)lain,  from  December,  177G,  to 
A]M-il,  1777,  and  to  ])erfc)riii  oilier  bcrvices  in  troublesome  times, 
until  IJurgoyne's  surrender. 

Some  years  before  his  death  lie  was  afllieted  with  symptoms  of  'S 
pulmonary  disease,  whieli  were  much  aggravated  Ijy  his  incessant 
attention  to  his  daughter,  who  died  of  eoiisumpiion.  In  Seplembcr 
of  1S14  he  visiifd  die  "springs,"  in  company  wilh  Dr.  Partridge, 
without  benefit,  indeed,  to  his  injury  ;  I'or  it  was  with  dillieully  that 
he  returned,  on  account  of  his  increasing  weakness.  The  day 
Ijefore  his  death,  he  had  so  far  recruited  that  he  rode  to  Lee  on 
horseback,  visited  liis  son's  family,  and  returned,  not  complain- 
ing of  fatigue.  The  day  he  died,  he  was  abroad  in  the  morning. 
Dr.  Partridge  adds,  "  Two  friends  called  on  us  from  New  York,  and 
as  we  sat  at  dinner,  in  social  conversation.  Dr.  Sergeant  sudtlenly 
rose,  and  a  stream  of  blood  issued  iVom  his  moutli.  I  instantly 
sprang  to  him,  and  he  fell  lifeless  into  my  arms,  without  a  gasp. 
Thus  expired  my  dear  friend,  under  whose  roof  I  hail  resided  from 
my  twentieth  year,  then  forty  thre(>  and  a  half  years,  and  more  than 
forty  of  them  harmoniously  visiting  each  other's  patients,  as  neces- 
sary to  their  satisfaction  and  our  accommodation." 

Dr.  P.  adds,  "//<c//^5/'''! 'M^^'il  i^"')  l^'J^-"' 


n.— DIl.  HORATIO  .10X1  ;.S  OF  STOCK  BRIDGE. 

This  able  and  distinguished  jdiysician,  the  pujiil  and  associate  of 
Dr.  Sergeant,  (No.  I.,)  was  the  son  of  Capt.  Josiali  Jones,  and 
grandson  of  Mr.  .iosiali  Jones,  who,  in  17o7,  emigrated  from  Wes- 
ton with  Col.  Ephraim  Williams  of  Newton,  and  settled  with  their 
families  in  Slockbridge.  This  sacrifice  they  cheerfully  made,  wilh 
the  benevolent  intention  of  aiding  the  mission,  then  recently  com- 
menced among  the  Ilousatonic  Indians. 

])ii.  Jo.NKS  was  born  at  Sloclvbridge,  in  1770.  Li  early  youth  lie 
manilested  the  same  energy  and  decision  of  characlcr  for  which 
he  was  so  much  distinguished  in  riju'r  years.  Having  commenced 
his  collegiate  education  at  Yale  College  with  ilallering  prospects  ; 
and,  jierliaps,  in  his  ambition  to  excel,  pursuing  his  studies  with  an 
intensity  of  application  dispro]iorlionate  to  his  po\\er  of  endurance, 
his  health  became  impaired,  and  he  was  attacked  with  a  disease  in 
his  eyes,  which  threatened  a  total  loss  of  sight.  In  these  cin-um- 
stances,  in  accordance  with  the  recommeiidalion  of  his  medical 
advisers,  he  for  a  lime  enlirely  reliiKpiisin-d  his  lilerarv  imrsuits. 

Instead  of  yielding  to  ho))eless  despondency,  hov.'i'ver,  lie  deter- 
mined to  |)ursue  an  active  life  ;  and  sul)sliiuting  a  knapsack'  for  his 
classics,  he  weni  wilh  a  company  of  surveyors  to  die  Clenesec 
couiilry,  New  York',  to  assist  in  laying  <n!l  lands.  He  was  thus 
exposed  to  all  tlu'  Iiardshii)s  incident  to  that  mode  of  life,  camping 
out  in  the  wilderness,  living  upon  the  coarsest  fare,  and  not  unfre- 
(piently  making  a  hollow  log  his  lodging  place  for  the  night. 


I 


'-li:    ■'U\'/' 
,.       .|t!    V  '       )?;.v  i-^ji :    ,'       (i]  '/■•■'  ■'     i  ■  ,;       /)-m;  1?  '>  ■/■  n  u  ,;  ;:'''; 


■■•    'I 


:>'•'     Ir  '.,r.\ 


:i'  / 


lS-17.]  Deceased  Phi/sic  tents  in  Massachi'sells.  G3 

In  due  time  he  rcfovcrcd  liis  IkwIiU  and  sii^lit,  and  once  more 
resumed  liis  studies,  but  not  at  college.  I'laeiiii^'  liiiii-tlf  under 
the  instruclion  of  I3r.  Sergeant  in  lii.s  native  town,  lie  eouipleleil  llie 
usual  term  of  medical  pu])ilage.  At  a  sub^eijuent  period  he 
attended  a  course  of  medical  hxtures  at  l-'hiladelpliia. 

He  lltst  comuu'uced  the  practice  of  his  profe.sr^iou  at  Plttsfield, 
where  he  was  much  resjiecled.  J^ut  at  length  linding,  as  he 
expressed  it,  that  there  were  i/iorc  jihijsic'taits  lliaii,  hiisimss  in  tliat 
place,  he  determined  to  remove.  His  decision  being  known  to  l)r. 
Sergeant,  then  advancing  in  lilc,  who  was  de.-irous  of  linding  some 
suitable  jierson  to  lake  his  place  as  an  opt'rating  surgeon,  ho  with 
his  friend  J)r.  Partridge  earneslly  solicilctl  Dr.  Jones  to  settle  in 
Stockbridge,  Willi  ihis  invitation  he  evcniually  complied,  and 
while  he  lived,  the  medical  inlercouise  of  the  three  physicians  was 
most  harmonious. 

Under  these  auspices  he  was  soon  iulroiluccd  into  a  wiile  circle 
of  business,  not  only  in  Slockbridge,  but  in  all  the  neighboring 
towns.  liis  rc'putalion  was  not  eplieuuTal,  but  constantly  in- 
creased, as  he  advanced  in  life;  and  lils  advice  was  much  sought 
and  highly  apprcuaated  by  his  medical  brethren.  In  l'^()!  he  was 
elected  a  Fellow  of  the  .Massiiciiusetts  Abnlical  Society,  and  in 
1810  received  Irom  Williams  College  the  honorary  degree  of  M.  A. 
Such  was  Dr.  Jones,  —  a  man  ])ossessed  of  rare  endowments, 
and  eminent  in  his  profession.  In  the  language  of  Dr.  Partridge, 
from  whom  most  of  the  facts  relating  to  him  have  Ix'cn  olitaincd, 
"  he  was  a  good  o])era1or  in  surgery,  active,  jileasant,  social,  very 
popular,  and  indefatigable  by  night  and  by  day  to  give  relief  in 
cases  of  distress  and  danger."' 

In  the  winter  of  ISI^-IG,  an  alarming  and  fatal  epidemic  jirc- 
vailed  extensively  in  New  Kni^dand.  During  its  prevalence,  Dr. 
Jones  was  incessantly  occupictl  in  attendance  upon  the  sick.  At 
length  the  fears  of  his  friends  respecting  him  were  realized.  He 
was  suddenly  prostrated,  and,  after  an  illness  of  only  eight  ilays,  he 
died,  April  20,  1M:5,  aged  43  year.-. 

His  funeral  was  attended  by  a  great  concourse  of  jxM'sons  from 
Stockbridge  and  the  adjoining  towns.  The  Rev.  Dr.  Hyde  of  Lee, 
Vv'ho  preached  his  funeral  sermon,  from  Job  xix  :  '21,  speaks  of  i)is 
death  as  a  public  calamity.  '■  Ivarely,"  savs  he,  "has  ilie  town,  or 
even  the  county,  experienced  a  greater  shock  in  the  death  of  a 
citizen.  His  renmval  in  the  midst  o(  his  usefulness  is  an  unspeak- 
able loss  to  the  community." 

His  tjeath  is  rei)resi'nted  to  have  In-cii  (MuituMUly  ]ieaceful.  Al- 
though lu!  had  not  made  a  public  prore>>.ioii  oi  his  lailli,  he  I'xpe- 
rieiiced  a  great  chatige  in  his  reliL^'ious  feelings  during  ilie  winliT 
prei-eding  his  tlealh.  lie  gave  to  those  who  best  knew  him,  s;uis- 
iactorv  evidence  of  pielv. 

hi  liis  intercourse  with  his  medical  bri'thren,  he  v.-as  courteous 
and  unassumiii!/.  All  the  duties  of  domestic  and  social  lil'o  he 
(jiscliarired  with  lidelitv  and   aeceptaiice,      J  lis  mind   was  v.cll  baU 


f    •» '  , 


■■•'■;••' 

i':ii't\' :  :•.  y 

.'•.•■  1     . 

li  .rjo  1     r,  -. 

i-  --.i;;     •  .'   V:..  !>lO  ;    'J    i  ' 


i:TI..         .,| 


<i.>/'r:I  .ii'  t    kJ-' 


,1    f" 


'  •  i     I      '    i  '  ;  ,■  ,  • 


I.I'    :  ■      -    ,  ;  '. 


,-'  I '    .      •   ■   1    ,  . 


,  •  1 1 . .          1  !  ■•      • 


.  r>'.i'    .{;     .-(, 


01 


Biographical  Xu/iccs  of  Deceased  PItijsicians. 


[Jan, 


ancod  and  highly  cultivated.  He  sympathized  in  tiie  most  unaf-* 
fecled  mannei*  with  the  sick  who  thought  his  aid,  and  by  his  kind- 
ness and  gentleness  alleviated  the  sull'crings  and  won  the  alFectioiis 
of  his  jjalienls,  even  in  those  cases  where  medical  and  surgical  skill 
could  atlord  only  a  temporary  ;md  [)artial  relief. 

Extracts  from  the  sermon  of  J)r.  Hyde  were  publislud  in  the 
tenth  volume  of  the  Pano[)list ;  al.-o,  an  interesting  notice  of  his 
death  and  character,  by  Kev.  Jared  Curtis,  in  the  I'^armcr's  IIiTald. 
See  also  a  nu-moir  recently  prepared  and  published  by  ])r.  S.  S. 
William-:,  in  his  Medical  Biography,  a  work  which  cannot  fail  to 
interest  I  Ik,'  medical  reader,  and  is  an  able  sequel  to  the  volumes  of 
the  late  Dr.  Thatcher  on  the  same  subject. 


k 


III.— DR.  ANDREW  rvIACKIK  OF  WAJIEIIAM. 

Dh.  iMackii;  was  the  son  of  Di:  ,Jo\\n  INIackie,  who  came  from 
Scotland,  and  settled  at  Soutliampton,  ]j.  T.  lie  v/a^  Ijorii  at 
Southampton  in  174"3  ;  studied  medicine  with  his  father,  and  set- 
tled as  a  physician  at  AVareham,  .Ms.,  v.diere,  for  inany  years,  he  had 
an  extensive  practice  in  medicine  and  surgery.  He  also  had  the 
rej)utalion  of  liaving  been  unusually  successlid  in  tlie  treatment  of 
the  smallpox. 

He  was  a  devoted  ami  active  Christian,  a  member  of  the  church, 
and  for  many  years  he  sustained  the  olTn-e  of  a  deacon. 

He  had  ten  children,  of  whom  four  sons  and  three  daughters 
lived  to  adult  age.  Three  of  his  sons  studied  medicine.  1.  John, 
who  graduated  at  Brown  l^niversity  in  ISOO,  received  the  degree 
of  M.  I).,  and  settled  at  Providence,  R.  I.,  \Ahere  he  died,  in  rV'bru- 
ary,  iSoo,  at  the  age  of  52  years.  He  was  eminent  as  a  surgeon. 
2.  Peter,  a  Fellow  of  the  Massachusetts  Medical  Society,  now  a 
physician  at  AVareham.  3.  Andrew,  from  whom  the  above-naiued 
facts  were  obtained,  born  in  ITOl',  graduated  at  Brown  University, 
1SL4,  an<l  received  the  degree  of  M.  D.,  1S17.  He  first  settled  at 
Plymouth,  l:)ut  is  now  a  physician  of  good  reputation  in  New 
Bedford,  and  is  a  P^ellow  of  the  .Massachusetts  Aledical  Society. 

Dr.  ]\Iackie,  the  particuhu-  suljject  t)f  this  notice,  died  at  AVarc- 
haiu,  of  a  pulmonary  disease,  A[)ril,  1^17,  aged  75. 


JOHN     LEVERETT,     AVH.LTAAI     BRATTLE     AND     JAAIES 

OLIVER. 

These  tlireo  distinguished  seliolars  of  New  England  were  all  born 
in  lioston,  educated  at  the  same  school,  admitted  into  Harvard 
College  the  same  year,  took  their  degrees  at  the  same  time,  [Ib'r^O,] 
all  settled  in  Cambridge,  one  an  attorney  at  law,  one  a  clerLryman, 
and  the  other  a  physician,  and  all  i-minent  in  their  professions. 
The  first  two  \vere  I'ellows  ol"  the  Ixoyal  Society  in  laiiiland. 


-3i>f 


.]  ^;a:Vyr.U^«t       \y 


1    '  (- 


, ,.,t    ;• 

.,'1 

r;/i">: 

I    -       '!..',  ill '1  -I       >         '  > 


..[;-;.   ;:-i  •   !'i 


•■  ■       '■  !  '■       •       -'■  .1  ,r;  1-1     I  '/  '  1      II'' 


•    ■/ 


;  ;   -  •  ! 


.  ,  1    -l 


■.     '  ,1    :.i:'        >,    J'i'l; 

if.,-    C'l  bi ..    .1;. 


■Ml: 


iV.'  '  >.v;t  J.  iit 


l^\7.]      Extract  from  a  Letter  of  Hon.  IVU/iani  Cranch.  G-J 


EXTRACT    FROM    A    LETTER    OF     HON.    WILLIAM 
CRANXII  OF  WASHINGTON,  D.  C. 

The  followinsr  is  an  extract  from  a  letter  of  Jiuli^'e  Crancli  to  the  Editor. 

"  Amon:^  some  oltl  papers  of  my  father,  I  foiinii  a  letter  from  the  Kev.  Wil- 
liam Clark,  dateil  (Jiiiiiey,  Aug.  10.  1X03,  in  which  ho  savs,  'J\Ir.  William 
Wiiithrop  of  Cambri(J:^e  has,  for  soino  time  pa>t,  been  en'^'ai'ed  in  a  pur.-uit 
rather  extraordinary,  vi/.,  to  investiL'at(>  the  followinij  particulars  of  everyone 
who  has  received  a  de;^roe  at  Ilarvaul  Colle;^e,  fiom  the  lirst  foundation  of  that 
University  in  li;4S  to  the  present  time  ;  vi/.,  the  origination  or  where  born,  his 
professional  business  or  employment,  his  place  of  re-^idence,  time  of  his  death 
and  age  ;  also  any  thing  remarkable  in  their  lives  and  characters  ;  where  such 
malterscan  be  ascertained.'  A:,'ain,  Mr.  Claik  says,  'In  his  (Mr.  Wiuthrop"s) 
next  letter  he  opeiu'd  his  design  to  me  :  anil  with  respect  to  the  chrLry  in 
particular,  when  the  Catalogue  was  printed  in  IT'.iT,  the  whole  number  of  grad- 
uates then  being  3r>;t:?,  of  which  number  iho-e  who  had  been,  or  then  were, 
settled  ministers  of  the  Cospel  amounteil  to  1  Iv!!  ;  of  this  number,  he  informed 
mo  he  had  ascertained  the  places  of  settlement,  and  other  particulars  of  1117, 
so  that  there  were  but  4  remaining  unasi-iMtained,  vi/.,  Julia  Slun,  HiVQ  — J<j<i pli 
Gerrisli,  1700  —  Xuye^  Paris,  1721 — of  these  2  la^t,  however,  he  iiives  xunc 
proof,  that  he  was  not  wholly  tle-^titute  of  >ome  intelligence  about  them.  But 
what  is  most  surprising  was,  that  of  the  1  aljuvr  menlitjued  unasci-rtained 
persons,  myself  brouLiht  U[)  the  rear  !  lie  had  never  heard  where  I  oliiciated 
Defore  tlic  revolution,  though  it  was  no  further  from  him  than  JJnlhum,  where  1 
lived  ten  years!  —  I  wrote  him  fully  of  myselt",  and  various  others,  whom  ho 
has  since  desired  information  of;  only  there  wore  2  of  the  hi-t  mentioned,  that 
I  knew  very  little  about,  whose  names  I  mentioned  to  you  :  vi/.,  whether  Cur- 
jicUits  A'j/c,  wlio  graduated  in  171S,  was  not  the  same  person  who  xvas  a  school- 
master in  Hraintree,  and  who  was  somewhat  (li<liugui>hed  fur  his  witty  talents? 
If  so,  did  he  ever  pursue  any  otlier  employmi'nl  than  keepiuir  schocil  ?  Skcp- 
ard  Fiskj  who  graduated  in  1721,  and  lived  at  Ibaintree.  his  employment, 
decease  and  age  !  If  you  could  without  inconvenience  to  yourself,  collect  any 
thing  certain  of  these  "2  persons,  or  either  of  them,  and  put  it  in  wiitini;  and 
send  it  to  me,  it  would  be  thankbdly  received.  I  expect  to  have  occasion  to 
write  to  Mr.  Wiuthrop  shortly,  and  shouhl  be  happy  to  tran-init  any  lliinir  so 
agreeable  to  him,  as  any  discovery  of  tliis  kind,  whose  mind  seems  to  bo 
intensely  lixiul  on  this  pursuit.' 

"  Mr.  Clark  al'terwanls  sent  to  my  father  the  following  extracts  from  Mr. 
Winlhrop's  letter  to  him,  dated  Oct.  I'o,  ISOIJ. 

"  '  I  feel  myself  greatly  obliged  to  you,  as  well  as  to  Judge  Cran.di.  (Judi'e 
Richard  Cranch,)  for  the  information  contained  in  your  la-t  letter  with  its 
inclosurcs.  I  have  long  since  heard  of  that  gentleman's  researches  into  the 
antirpiities  of  this  country,  and  concluile  he  must  be  possessed  of  a  large  fund 
of  information  upon  that  subject.  Is  then*  no  way  that  I  can  avail  myself  of 
it  to  promote  my  plan  f 

'' '  Finiling  by  your  letter  that  you  suppo-^e  that  Mr.  Sheppard,  who  was  settled 
at  Camliridi:e,  and  who  was  an  eminent  minister  in  that  day,  was  the  same 
that  graduated  in  1(153,  I  inclose  you  some  memorandums  respecting  that 
familv,  which  may,  [ierhaps,  be  gratifyinir  to  the  Juilge  as  well  as  to  your-^eltV 

"The  post-cripl  is  in  these;  words:  — '  I  will  thank  you  to  pr(\';ent  my  respects 
to  Juilge  Cranch,  when  you  have  a  couvenii'nl  oppoiiiinily,  and  iid'orm  him  that 
I  feel  myself  nndt>r  great  obliirations  lo  him  l<jr  his  information  res|)ecting 
IMessrs.  \ye  and  Fiske  ;  and  that  any  further  enmnmnicalions  he  will  pleaso 
to  make  to  me,  1  sh.dl  mo^t  gratefully  acknou  ledLie." '"' 


t^/jv'  !r' 


.,;<•  -i^r:  ,v,:,...    ::^ 


•>l    .    ■-U 


.■      ■.,...■     ■  ::.'     i 


< 


-ur./,..,    '1^ 


GG 


)        Lcllcrfrom  Rev.  John  WcJrond  to  Rev.  W 


Waldrun.    [Jan. 


let'I'kt;  F^v0^r 


\..V:    ''^'^'^^^    RKV.  JOHN  WALUOM)  o  I'    OTTFUY    F\r;     TO    RFvl 

AMLLIAM   WALDKOX.  MIMSTKK   OF   IM  )ST.  )\     (nd    1;kV)1  H£ir  | 

'""  SECRETAlii'   \VALDJ;o.\.' 


OF 


'Re\ 


AND    UEAU     Sirt, 


OrxEiiY,  March  S,  1725-«. 


voM    rvl,^  „^    1      1,  ^'/^■^=^^'''yi''"'i^^>itsurpri>p  to  ii,(Mo  r.N^rlve.i  Letter  fronji 

you    V  ho  ,m  ,„uht  are  c     th.  s,un,.   .\a,n,.  a,.,!    Farn.ly  w.l!,   .ny.-ll,  tho' a  letter  iV^ 

i'atL!rTlTo''use'  "'     '     '  ^'^  ^"'-  •""'"■^'^  ^''"'^"-■'"  "'  >'^"'  ^^^'  ''"^  »*-'  1^'^^'  i"  Pwi 

wllpn;-rv'!';"'''  ""/'°  ^■'"'l",''?'^''^""^  ""^  Soinersotshiro  Branch  of  our  Family,  from' 

m    s     lw.V       "■'  J^'^ccmled.but  cannot  exactly  .l.tcrmine.  tho'  I  am  apt  to  th  dIc  it 

•ho  hTl      '"  Tr    "V'^r'  ir  ^-■"'l'^^'^"".  "'■  ^^l"^'!'.  one\va.  Waln.,,;i,  of  lUbrcwm 

W  ''"''''^7  /'^^  '""'"-1   I'^'m.ls  1...  Annun,  or  ,naro,  ruui  the  other  WalrondVf 

loo   ",  ;  '      'c  t"'^^''^"!  ^  ''"  ^"^'^  ^^-^^  ^"-  ^■'''•■.  lt'^-  '"I'nor  ;  both  of  them  degenerated  into 
nWe  uv.M  r^v'"'^'  '".Cl'arles  .Ms  Rei.n..  and  both  mined  their  Kstate.  and  dyed  poo^ 

senteV  K   f   ^  ?'"'  "''\''-     ^^•'''■""^'  "''  '"^'-"-^'^  ^vas  a  gr..at  persecutor  of  the  Dis^ 
senteis,  hut  in  the  conclusion  wanted  bleach 


a  verv  n,o„^    '  <"'  "'"'"l  "'the  J.anuly  to  this  Day;   The  last  Gentleman  that  dyed  ^Sia^ 
Couur^r        I  ^'1'' "'"'"'  *^'^' >^v  years  of  A,e  and  an  excellent  Magistrate  in  hi,  ^ 
Sl?i       ?:,•      ,    '7''    '^  anytime  lead  three  hundred  Freeholders,  to  the  Flection  of  a 
^"i"    '»'""I)I;   liiit  his   son  is  dei:eneiatt         '  " 


unl  very  wicked:   I  coiiveisi: 
-ion. 


d  nuu-li  with  the 


old  fJentleman,  but  this  is  no  Friend  to  mv  noiesM 

ilies  ,n    s',*?""";'',*';'""^'  '''""'  ^^^^""'^■l^'  'll"»-e  in  this  county  (beside  those  two  fam. 
•hch  Rr   ,  r'  T  ""?""""-l)  Nvhich  is  seated  at  y;.n^,  in  the  East  of  Devon, 

honl,IPn,n'  '"■"'"=  I'""'  "''  ^b"  ^''""'^  ■'  "^  r"^  ^'"'■■'''  ""^^  "«^^-  '"'''^^i's  ^t  least,  a 

tier  ei   in  V     I     V"  r  ""';.'",'.   .^  '"'  •''^"  '''^*  .lo.^enerated  and  become  like  other  Gen- 
he  S.'fvi    ^'r'  '  •^''^"""  '.";'>""'■  '^  ^''"'"^^  'l"'^^  Sone.  out  of  the  Familys  of 

uie  uentry,  tiy  .Means  ol  a  loose  an.l  luenlions  Cler"v 

i  never  coiihl  (im!  n.ivr.r.iM,.  V „  :.,  „ii  i'.    i  .  P  i    .  -     ..     ,.,  „         .  , 

le 

ch 
le 


W'lic     H,        l:"""  n    Sl^'"""s   %«n,/o;',Vo>.  Lhiptnc  JhigVaancic ;  toward  tlie  end  of 

I  nni  r',]      '"  ^>';'^'"">.'"/""i.  he  has  the  word  Walarand,  o/,'m  l>r.u,un,u„  .nn,r  Cog. 

1  c     !      :     '"  ^"-f  ^\--";-N.'-/--."  Ivan..,  Smnu.,  volruc  sn.nn,,.  ,  c,  ..i  r/v/>n^ 

Icile     ul   VV"'^'''-     ;^-'l'  ""■'"" ";—„,, -./.,a-0,..«/«\Valarand.     I  have    ran- 

sciined  what  he  says  le^t  ilie  R,,,,!,-  .1,,.,,1,1  ,..,.  i „, ,..:^u   t  ._.r  _,    _     .... 


let  meV  ,n:!  ''■\'  '"V>  ""-:,'^""'^  ^'"'^'I'l  "-"  I'e  common  with  vou.  I  wish  yc-  h 
iilr  r  1  '  !"  ^y^'  'anuly  your  Gran.llather  married,  for  that  miirht  peihans  u. 
n  ™      r  . '"■^"- """  ^^'i^^'ry;   however   I  will  examine   farther,  and   take  the   li 


ol  the  Harvest  prosper  yon  and  ma 

are  of  one  Family,  Faith  and  I'rofes 

^ve  should  never  see  each  otheis  face  on  l-aith 

excite  us  both,  to  work  the  Works,  of  him  that 

Inive  a  comfortable  Ucciuiem   IV 


shall 


come,  with  which  1  conclnd 


.ord 

;  you  a  bnrninir  and  a  shimiiir  Ei-ht.    'Vou  and  I 

Eel  us  ii.iilu'ulailv  juay  for  each  other,  the' 

(Ml   that    the  God  (d"  all  Grace,  may 

nl   us  while  it  is  Day,  that  we  may 

111  our  Eaborj  at  la^t,  and  he  accepted,  when  our  Lord 


"To  the  Rev.  Mr.  William  -Waldro' 
i\Iinister  in  llo.-iou." 


Sir,  '^'our  aflect :  K 


\insman  a 


id  Serv't, 

oll.N     \\'.\I,1!0.\D." 


XoTi:, 


iir  in  ih,.-  l.iM  p;iri  ..f  ilir  IrUiT,  llio  wc.rdi  were  wi.rn  cm  in  :lie  ori-iiuil. 


A.  .  "    ;V 


\  ■'■'' 


M-.?'      li'-ii  :  :< 


^ ;     "  M  : .  T;     -A'-t 


</       ■• 


.,!.;„;   ■    J    U.      :".i»^i; 


I  .  .70'     ;  •sil 


I 


...'I  -t  .f^uT 


I  '  •    ■  ■  'I 


v.-^l       r:    ..  i' 


18-17. 


Form  of  a  Fainilij  rwylstcr, 


G7 


B'                            FOILM    OF    A   FA^IILY   REGISTER. 

[p.... 

C//!7(//-oi. 

■y. 

% 

a: 

K 

1 

0         c^ 

3 
< 

■r 

y. 

M 

i 

§ 

O 

X 

3 

t 

■  i 

,.,.,■■;,..,, 

Ti.  i-J 

July. 

3 

1   n.  29 

June. 

i 

n.  2sl 

July. 

25  1 

^1763     ^,^,,7- 

H.  M 

(_)ct. 

B.  n            ■    '                                 '                      ■    .        ■ 

July. 

17S3      2S 

20 

1 

;I7S5      30 

2 '2            2 

n.  7 

-.   il7S7       32 

24           4 

o       n.  in 

JlllU^. 

1 17S9      34 

2o           G           4           2 

11.  12 

.M.ir. 

11. 1 J 

.M.ir. 

I  1701      3G 

2S           8 

0           4           2 

1703      3S 

30          lU 

S           G 

■1       ^     j!;,::^ 

1795      40 

32         12         10           8 

(^       -1       2     j'-;^^. 

'   1797 

42 

34         14         12         10           S           0           4 

Mar. 

.M.ir. 

t  ■■'■ 
1799 

44 

30         16 

14 

12 

10 

S 
11 

0           4           2 

1S02      47 

30 

10      ^'-jY''-      15         13 

y 

7           5 

3 

G 

1S05       50 

42 

22         20         1>.         10          14         12 

10           8 

1809 

54 

40 

20         2 1 

OO               0(J 

IS         10 

14 

1'^ 

35 

7 
32 

4 
29 

1831 

n.  1        71 

I'll..        '  ^ 

51 

40 

47 

45 

43         41 

39 

37 

1847 

84 

01 

02 

0 

58 

50 

54 

52 

50         48 

1     ^~ 

3S 

:■.,,  .  .'Ivv 


\ 

■y     A  Family  Recortl  on  UiLs  plan  may  be  cxtemlcil  .so  as  to  inchulc  two,  three,  o; 

:more  families,  and  contain  all  the  biiths,  marriages  and  dcath.s  which  have  hap- 
pened,  ni*  to  the  date  of  its  formation.  The  figures  in  the  lirst  column  denote 
the  year  of  l)irth,  marriage,  or  deaih;  the  other  columns  show  the  ages  of  every 
individual  at  the  time  of  any  birth,  mairinge,  or  death,  of  every  other  individua. 
couiprehended  within  the  limits  of  the  Table. 


V'> 


,.;^   v' 


/     ,  I.  ! 


I  I 


I  '';    I  >.  ■   i   '  ■,.   I  -!■ 


'M.^ 


1 ;  J 


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08 


CcncaJo"-ics. 


Jan.l 


GENEALOGIES, 

CHASE     FAMILY. 


PRETAUED      BY      ZOSllV.K      COrFIN,      M.    A. 

Among  the  oaily  settlers  of  New  EnirlaiKl,  were  three  persons  by"^ 
the  name  of  Chase;  namely,  William,  Thomas,  and  Aquila.    The  first^ 
setlled  in  Yarmouth,  and  there  died,  in  IGJ'J,  leaving  two  sons,  Benja.  !^ 
min  and  William.     The  last  two  were  certainly  brothers,  as  appears 
from    a   deed  given  in    1GG7   by   Aquila  to  "  the  sons  of  his  brother^ 
Thomas."     The  name  is   found    in  various  places  ia  English  history, -,f 
from  the  time  of  William  the  Conqueror  to  the  present  time.     Thus,   ' 
we  find  in  132G  a  family  of  that  name  ia  Suffolk;  a  Thomas  Chase,' 
who  was  barbarously  murdered  in  loOG;  a  Sir  Robert  Chase,  Knight,;^ 
in  the  West  of  England,  1G2S;   a   Sir  John  Chase  in  E.xeter,  prior  to ^J 
1G37;  a  John  Chase,  Esq.,  Apothecary  to  Queen  Anne,  1G90,  lVc.     See, 
Magna  Britannia,  Lysson's  London,  Polwheles'  Devonshire,  and  other "^ 
works. 

Thomas'  and  Aquila'  Chase  were  among  the  first  settlers  of  Hampton,  ", 
N.  II.,  in  IGJ'J.     Thomas'  there  married  Elizabeth  Philbrick,  daugh-  J 
tor  of  Thomas  Philbrick.     lie  d.  in   10-32,  leaving  live  children,  all 
sons  ;  namely, 

T.  Thomas,"  b.  1G13,  d.  a  bachelor,  Oct.  23,  1714. 
II.  Joseph,-  b.   1G1.5,  m.   ]^achel   Partridge,  Jan.  31,  1C71,  d.  Jan.  12,- 
1716. 

III.  Isaac,-  b.  1G17,  m.  Mary  Perkins  of  Hampton,  d.  May  0,  1727. 

IV.  James,-  b.  1G19,  m.  Elizabeth  Green,  Sept.  2,  1G75,  and  d.  , 

V.  Abraham,  b,  1G51,  was  not  married,  and  "wasslaine  in  y'  warres," 

1G7G.    Elizabeth,  the  widow  of  Thomas'  Chase,  married  John  Gar-  -^ 
land,  Oct.  2G,  lG-31,  who  died  Jan.  4,  1G71.     She  then  married  Judge  -^^ 
Henry  Iloby,  Feb.  19,  lG7f,  and  died  Feb.  11,  1G77. 

The  children  of  Josc'ph-  and  Rachel  Chase  were  as  follows: 

I.   Hannah,'*  b.  June  6,  1G72,  d.  June  10,  lG7t. 
II.  Elizabeth,'^  b,  March  1  1,  1G71,  d.  Sept.  6,  1G7-5. 

III.  Jonathan.^  b.  March  11,  1G7G,  and  drowned,  Feb.  1,  1G9G. 

IV.  Anne,3b.  Jan.  11,  1G77,  m.  Sinkler. 

V.  Elizabeth,'' b.  Feb.  11,  1GS5,  m.  Benjamin  Hilliard. 

VI.  Rachel,'*  b.  April  27,  1G67,  m.  Jacob  Freeze. 

The  children  of  Isaac-  and  jNlary  were  as  follows  :  ' 


I.  Thomas.Mj.  1G77. 

IL  Rachel,'^  b.  1G78. 
HI.   Isaac.Mx  1G81. 
IV.  Abi-aliam,«  b    1G83. 

V.  Mary,^  b,  lGb7. 
VI.  James,''  b.  IGSS. 


VII,  Joseph,^  b.  1GS9,  m.  Lydia 

Coliin,  1711. 

VTIT.  Jonathan.-'  b    1G91. 

IX.   Hannah,M..  1G9.3. 

X.    Sarah,-'  b    1G9.3. 

XI.   Priscdia,^  b.  1G97. 

XII.  Elizabeth,"  b.  17U3,  d.  1719. 


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1S47. 


CicncaloiJics. 


GO 


t  The  cliilclreu  ofJaincs-  and  Elizabeth  Cliasc  were  as  fullows  : 

I.  AI)i-ail.'  b.  Aug.  27,  IGi^l,  m.  John  Chase*'  of  Newbury. 
II.  Dorothy,-'  b.  March  17,  1060,  ni.  John  Chapman,  iMarch'lG,  170-j. 
III.  JMary,'  b.  Feb  S,  1C.8S. 

Aqiiila^  Chase,  brother  (0  Thomas^  Chase,  m.  Anne  Wheeler,  daughter 
of  John  Wheeler  of  Hampton,  removed,  in  IGIG,  to  Newbury,  where 
he  d.,  Aug.  29,  1G70,  aged  52.  His  widow,  Anne,  m.  Daniel  JNIiissi- 
loway,  June  11,  1G72,  and  d.  May  I'J,  IGbrf.  The  children  oC  Aijuila' 
and  Anne  Chase  were  as  follows: 


I.  Sarah,Mj. 


-,  m.  Charles  Annis,  IMay  1-5,  IGGG. 


II.  Anne,-  b.  July  G,  1C17,  ni.  Thomas  Jiarber,  April  27,  1G71. 

III.  Triscilla,- b.  ]March  11,  IGl'J,  m.  Abel  Merrill,  Feb.  10,  1G70. 

IV.  Marv,'  b.  Feb.  3,  iGol,  ni.  John  Stevens,  :\Iarch  9,  IGGO. 
V.  Aiiuila,-  I).  Sept.  2G,  1GG2,  m.  Esther  Bond,  rib.  1G73. 

VI.  Thomas,'  b.  Jidy  2o,  ICJl,  m.  Ilebecca  FoUansbee,  Nov.  22,  1G77. 
Vn.  John,-  b.  Nov.  2,  1051,  m.  Elizabeth  Bingley,  May  2J,  1G77. 
VIII.  Elizabeth,-' b.  Sept.  13,  IG.37. 
IX.  Faith,-  b.  March  IS,  IGGO,  d.  May  '^0,  1G7G. 
X.  Daniel,-  b.  Dec.  9,  IGGl,  m.  Martha  Kimball,  Aug.  2';,  1GS3. 
XL  IMoses,- b.  Dec.  21,  1GG3,  m.  Anne  Foliansbce,  Nov.  10,  IGSL 


The  children  of  Arjuila"  and  Esther  Chase  were  as  follows: 

I.  Esther,^'  b.  Nov.  18,  1G7'1,  ni.  Daniel  I\Ierril!. 
II.  Joscpli,'  I).  March  25,  1G77,  m.  Abigail  Thurston,  Nov.  8,  ICOQ. 

III.  Priscilla,''  b.  Oct.  15,  IGjsi,  m.  Joseph  Hills,  1701. 

IV.  Jemima,^  b. ,  a  spinster. 

V.  Eebecca,^  b. ,  m.  Jonailmn  Moulton,  L^ec.  5,  171G. 

VI.  Anne,''  b. ,  m.  Abraham  Foulsham,  Oct.  27,  1703. 


VII.  Hannah,^  b. 
VIII.  Abigail,''  b. 


— ,  in.  Josc|ih  Hoyt. 
-,  m.  Joseph  llobinson. 


The  children  of  Thomas"  and  rtcbccca  Chase  were  as  follows 
I.  Thomas,3b.  Sept.  15,  IGSO,  m.  Sara 


IT.  Jonathan,^  b.  Jan.  13,  1G83,  m.  .Toanna  Palmer,  1703. 
HI.  James,^  b.  Sept.  15,  1GS5,  m.  Martha  Rolfe,  Dec.  17,  1707, 
IV.  Aquila,^  b.  July  15,  1G&3,  m.  Mary  Smith,  1712,  d.  171-1. 
V.  Iluth,^  b.  Feb.  28,  1G91,  m.  Nathaniel  Mdler  of  Kehoboth,  May 
20,  171 G. 

VI.  INTary,''  b.  Jan.  15,  1G95,  m. Ilorton. 

VIT.  Ilebecca,''  b.  April  2G,  1700.  in.  Stephen  Moulton,  Dec.  11,  1721. 

VIH.  Judith,'  b.  ,  ni. ll.Mtou. 

IX.  Lizza,-^  b. ,  ni.  Benjamin  Bogers,  Aug.  17,  1732. 

X.  .Tosiah,'  b.  .Tuly  15,  1G97,  d.  young. 

,  XI.  Nathan,^  b.  ,   1702,  m.  Judith  Sawyer,  Nov.  29,  1723,  then 

Joanna  Cheney,  Dec.  30,  1710,  and  tlicn  lluth  Davis,  June 
9,  17G3. 
Thomas^  Chase  m.  for  his  second  wife  Elizabeth  INIooers,  Aug.  2, 1713. 


*  Son  of  John  Cliase,  and  grandson  of  Aquila  Cimse  ui  Newbury. 


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Ccnciii 


O'J-ICS. 


[Jan." 


The  cliiMion  of  .Tolin-  and  Klizabeth  Chase  were  ns  fuHows: 
J.   AViMiam,^  1).  Jan.  .*],  1G7"J. 
H.   riuHiv'  I,.  Sept.  2J,  IG-S,  m.  IMary  Fullansl)ce,  April  17,  1712. 
III.   Charles' b.  Jan.  12,  U) 'JO,  and  m.  Ilep/.ibah  Carr,  Jn!v  IJ,  17M. 

J\^.  Jacob,'  b.  ,  m.  Juanna  Davis,  Awr,  LM,  171G 

V.  Abraham,''  b.  ,  m.  Jluth  Morse,  Nov.  IG,  17 IG 

VI.  Phcbe,''  b. ,  m. Tucker.  ,  ; 

VII.   Mary,"*  b.  ,  ni.  Joseph  Saflbrd,  July  30,  M^S 

V  III.   Lydia,'  b.  ,  in.  William  Blay,  Nov.  5    17-M 

IX.  Klizabeth.''  b. .  '   ■ 

X._  John,'  b. ,  m.  Abigail  Chase  of  Hampton,  N.  II. 

John-  Chase  m.  Ibr  his  second  wife  Lydia . 

XI.  David,'  son  of  John  and  Lydia,  b.  Oct.  2U,  1710. 

The  children  of  Daniel-  and  ^Martha  Chase  were  as  follows  : 

I.  Martha,-'  b.  An-   18,  IGSl,  m.  David  Lawson,  An-  ?,    171G 
TI.  Sara.'  b.  Jnly  18,  IGSG,  m.  Francis  Danlbrd,  Nov."l7  'l7M  ' 
J 1 1.   Dorothy,'  b.  Jan.  21,  1GS9. 

l\\   Isaac,'  I).  Jan.  I'J,  IGOl,  ni.  Hannah  Eerrv,  Oct.  29,  1710 
}.   Ly^li-V  b.  Jan.  I'.),  1G'J3,  ni.  William  Evans,  Jan.  30,  17  IG 
\  I.  xVehc'tabel,^  b.  Jan.   19,  109.:,  m.  Tnnolhy  Osgood  of  Salisbury, 
Nov.  19,  171  J.  ^ 

XU.  •T>ub-th,   h.  hVb.  l<j,  1G97.  m.  John  Tattle  of  Lebanon,  1713. 
V  lib   Abner;^  b.  Oct.  1,3,  1G99. 
IX.  Daniel,'  b.  Oct.    1-7,    1702,  m.   ]\Tarv  Carpenter,  .Tan..    1723    and 
for  his  second  wife,  Klizabeth  Collins  of  Salivburv    Feb 
172('>.  -  ' 

X.  Enoch,'  b. ,  m.  Judith  Colby   17'^G 

^Tn^V}-  /'■''•  ^'  ^^'^^-     "''  ''''^'^^^'  ^^■^^'^^^■■'  ''!•  Josiah  Heath  of  Haver- 
nill,  1  /  lo. 

The  cliildren  of  Moses- and  Anne  Chase  were  as  follows  : 

I.  ,i  \  Moscs,^  b.  Sept.  20,  IGS-j,  d.  yonni?. 
H.  H  [  Daniel,^  b.  Sept.  2U,  IC-.l,  m.  Sarali  :\Tarcli,  Jan.  2    170G 
ID.   .Closes.''  b.  Jan.  20,  1G^8,  m.  Eh/abetli  Wells.  Oct.  2    1709 
IV.   Samuel,'  b.  May  13,  IGOo,  m.  Hannah  Emery,  Dec.  S,  1713. 
V.  Ehzabetli.^  b.  Sept.  2o,  1G93. 
Jl.   Stephen,"  h.  Aug.  29.  1G9G,  m.  Sarah  Hale,  Dec.,  1717. 
VH.   Hannah,' b.  Sept.  13,  1G99,  m.  Timothy  Jackman,  April  9,  1723 
VIII.  Joseph,'  b.  Sept.  9,  1703,  m.  Marv  Morss,  Sept.  7,  1721 
IX.   I3cnoni;'  I).  April  G,  1708,  m.  Mary  Hogers,  Sept.  1,  1728 
i.Ioses-  Chase  m.  for  his  second  wife,  Sarali'Jacobs  of  Ipswich,  1713. 

The   children   of  Johir^  and  Abigail^    Chase   of  Hampton   were   as 
lollows :  ^ 

I.  James,*  b.  July  28,  1G9S. 

II.  Jonathan,-' 1).  Sept.  21,  1700. 
IH.  Elizabeth,-' b.  April  13,  1703. 
IV.  Elihu,-'b.  Sept.  7,  1705. 

y.  John,-' b.  Sept.  18,  170^,  and  m.  Anna  Famlet,  March  27,  1729. 
\I.  Hannah,-' b.  May  10,  1711.    ...  , 


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\^[7.]  '     drncnJo'rics.  '  71 


DUDLEY  FAMILY. 

Thomas  Dudley,  sou  of  Capt.  lloger  Dudley,  was  born  in  England 
in  lo7G;  came  to  New  England  in  u;;JO  ;  was  several  years  (Jovernor 
of  Massaehusctts  Colony,  and  died  at  rvoxbury,  July  ;J1,  lOjiJ,  a-^'^d  77. 
His  first  wife,  or  the  one  who  came  with  him,  died  in  I'll:;.  Samuel, 
Anne,  ratience,  ami  .Mercy  were  probably  children  by  her.  He  mar- 
ried again  before  1()1<3,  and  had  by  his  second  wife  live  children  more. 
His  children  by  bolli  wives  were  as  follows  : 

I.   Samuel,  b,  in  England,  IfiOn,  who  was  a  minister  ai;d  was  m.  to 
IMary  ^Viulhroi»  about  K":):!,  and  had  children, — 

].  Thomas,  bapt.  ?ilarch  9,  If.,!!,  grad.  II.  C.  IGol,  d.  Nov. 
7,  in-35. 

'J.  John,  bapt.  June  2S,  10.35. 
3.    Samuel,  bapt.  AuL^  2,  l(»;iO,  d.  April,  IGlo. 
•L   Anne,  b.  Uct.  lii,  KUl,  who  m.  IMward  Hilton  and   liad 
children,  W'inthrop,  Dudley,  Joseph,  and  ulhers. 

0.  Theophilus,  b.  Oct.,  IGll. 

G.   .^lary,  b.  Aitrd  21,  I  GIG.,  d.  Oct.  2S,  IGIG. 
7.   I5iley,  b.  Se[)t.  27,  1GI7. 
S.   iMary  2nd,  b.  Jan.  G,  1GJ9. 
]Mary,  the  1st  wife  of  llev.  Samuel  Dudley,  d.  at   Salisbury, 
(where  the  -Itii.  oth,  Gih,  7th,  and  bth  children  were  born,)  Aiuil 
12,  lGi;i.     He  d.  at  Exeter  before    jMarch  20,  lGr:>;i,  a.  77.     His 
settlement  in  the  ministry  there  was  in  1G50. 
II.  Anne,  who  ui.  G^)\'.  Simon  Jhatlstreet.      She  had  6  children  and 
d.  Sept.  IG,  1G72. 

III.  ralieuce,  who  ni.  Maj.  Hen.  Denison. 

IV.  iMercy,  who  m.   Rev  John  \\'(Jodbri(.lgc.      She  was   b.  Se[)t.  27, 

lG21,"and  d.  July  1,  IGl'l,  a.  70. 

V.  ,  who  m.  .'Maj.  Reniamiu  Keavne  of  Boston,  v.-ho  d.  IGGS. 

VI.   Dorothy,  wlio  d,  F(;b.  27,  IGi:], 
VII.   Deborah,  b.  at  Uoxbury,  JM'b.  27,  1GI;1. 

VIII.  Joseph,  1).  Sept.  2:J,  1G17,  who  was  (Joveruor  of  Massachusetts, 
and  m.  a  daughter  of  I'Mward  Tyng,  and  had  ehildien,  — 

1.  Thomas,  b.  at  lloxbury.  Deb.  2G,  lGGii-70,  grad.  II.  C. 
1G-.5. 

2.  lulward,  b.  at  Roxbury,  Sept.  -1,  1G71. 

?,.   Paul,  b.  at  Roxbury,  Sept.  3,  1G7-1,  grad.  H.  C,  IGOO.    He 
was  a  Tutor  and    i'^ellow  of  the  College,  and  aho,  Fellow  of 
the   Royal   Soricty  in   Ihu'laud   and  Chief  Justice  of  Massa- 
chusetts.    He  tl.  Jan.  21,  l?.'!,  a.  7-3. 
'  4.    Samuel,  b.  at  Roxbui-y,  Sept.,  1G77. 

5.  John,  b.  a'.  Roxbury,  Feb.  2--,  1G75-70. 

G.  Rebecca,  b.    I\Iav  io,  iG-^l.who  m.  Samuel   Sewall,  Jr., 
.    find  d.  April  11,  17Gl,"a.  70. 

7.   Catharine,  b.  Juno  2,  1GS3. 

S.   Ann,  b.  Aug.  27,  1G^I. 

y.  William,  b.  Oct.  20,  IG^G,  who  grad.  H.  C.  170  1,  and  m. 
eldest  dau.  of  Judge  Davenport,  IMarch  Id,  1721,  and  was  a 
colonel.  lie  had  two  sou.-,;  Thomas,  who  grad.  H  C.  17o0, 
and  .Joseph,  who  iz:rad.  II.  C.  17ol,  was  an  Atlorn.jy  at  Law 
in  Boston,  and  d.  Sept.  27,  17('i7,  a.  3J. 


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72 


Ejii/itjilis. 


[Jan. 


]0.   Daniel,  1).  Fi;l>,  1,  If.-O. 

li.    Calhariiie  Llnd.  1).  Jan.  0,  inOO.      '  '    "  ^^ 

V.i.  Mary,  1>.   ^vjv.   :.',   Ui'J:.',   wiio  m.  Francis  "Waiinvright, 
who  d.  1722,  and  aftfrwards  ni.  Joseph  Atkins,  1730. 
IX.   Panl,  h.  at  Roxljury,  Si.'|it.  8,  IGoU,  who  in.   IMary  Levcrctt,  dau. 
of  (lov.  Ijcvcrelt,  and  had  cliihhcn, —  ,.  'ii 

1.  Paul,  I),  at  ]?o.slnn,  .^hxrch  1,  1G77.  '   '         ''  "^^ 

2.  Thomas,  who  alone,  with  one  in  cx])ccfalion,  is  men- 
tioned in  lii.s  will  of   Feb.    10,   1G81.      {L'robatc  Records  in 

.   ^         J)i)\ton,  YoL  YL  p.  3C3.) 

3.  One  posthumous. 


■    -         EPITAFIIS.^ 

Here  is  intorretl  tlu;  remains  of 

J.vMKS  MiNoiT^  l'''^'l)  A.  IM.  aa 

Excelliiii:  CrainriiariaM,  luiricht'd 

with  tlu!  CJift  of  Piayer  iiiul  Prrachin^, 

a  Commanding  Oilioer,  a  Phv-siciau  of 

(Jrcat  Value,  a  Great  Lover  of  I'eace 

as  well  a.s  of  Justice,  and  which  was 

Ilis  greatest  (Jlory,  a  tJent'n  of  distinti^aished 

Virtue  ami  (looihie.-^s,  hippy  in  a  Virtuoua 

I'usterily,  and  livini^  Kch'L'iouslv,  Died 

Coinfurtahly,  Sept.  Lli),  ITIJ.J,  .i^t.  S3. 


Here  Iye.s  the  remains  of 

Major  Jonathan  1'iikscott,  Esq., 

a  Gentleman  of  virtue  and  merit,  an  accomplisht  physitian, 

but  excelling  in  chirurgery. 

Of  uncommon  sagacity,  penetration,  and  success  in  his  practice. 

and  so  of  very  extensive  service. 

But  his  life  was  much  valued,  and  his  ileaUr  very  generally  lamented. 

He  married  tlu;  amiable  and  only  daughter  of  the 

Honorable  Colonel  Pktkr  IU'i.klky,  Estp, 

by  whom  lie  had  ten  cluldren. 

lie  was  removed  from  mini-tring  to  men's  bodies,  to  the  world  of  spirits, 

October  2Stli_;  17-2II,  /]::tali3  sua'  54. 


Here  lyes  the  Body  of  Rev.  IMr.  Chkistopiier  Toppav,  I\ faster  of  Arts, 
fourth  Pastor  of  the  First  Church  in  ISewbury  ;  a  Gentleman  of  good  Learning, 
conspicuous  Piety  and  Virtue,  shining  both  by  his  Doctrine  and  Life,  skilled 
and  greatly  improved  in  the  Practice  of  Physick  and  Surgery,  who  deceased, 
July  2:{,  17-17,  in  the  70th  year  of  his  age,  and  the  r)lst  of  his  "Pastoral  Odice. 


*  Tlu'  first  two  monuinonUi!  inscriplions  were  l.ila-ri  fioiii  tlic  Iniryiiig-yroiiiul  in  Cuiicord, 
Ms.,  iiiiJ  llio  lii'si  Olio  Iroiii  tlic  yriivcyiird  in  Ncwlmry,  .M^. 


■•  I.    •:    \m>Ui(i    .ii' 

;:'-■  .il 


■;'  <^]',fn 


-•',    ! 


,'T    y.T 


■I.      \/.'-  ■  •■!>>    ;• 


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Ill 


t,     ,i    ,  •::/( 


M  ■•■  'I  /    '   i;i 


IS  17. 


Instances  of  Lon^tcilij  in  Belfast,  Mc. 


73 


INSTANCES   OF   LONOEVITV    IX    BELFAST,    ME. 

Tlio  n;\mcs  of  agod  persons  who  dictl  in  tliis  lowii  before  1S27,  with 
their  resiiective  ai^es  aiiJ  llie  times  of  iheir  (.Ic'ciise,  are  here  inserted. 

Of  these  iiulivichitils  it  lias  been  said,  "  Jii  Iheir  manners  ihey 
cxhihiled  a  model  of  perfect  plainness  and  siii\plicity,  indiealive  of 
contentment  and  a  eheerfid  disposition  ;  and  so  eordi.d  "vvas  their  re- 
ception of  those  who  visited  them,  tlial  with  truth  it  nii^hl  be  said, 
tliey  were  given  to  liosj)ita!ity.  Their  desfcnchants  read  the  poems  of 
liiirns  witli  a  keen  relish,  and  arc  enthusiastic  admirers  of  the  Scottish 
Bard." 

a'jfnl  8-:    1S17. 
"     S-l;  \H\<>. 

"    ;io '[  \^-2t). 

"     S.JilSJl. 

u  ;s;   - 
'•    <Mi'  IS-.'-:. 


nf)4. 

1795. 
17t)7. 
1 800. 
1S02. 


James  Miller, 

John  SlCHJe, 

William  iMcLatiiililin, 

^I.irgaret  CochiaUj 

John  TnftSj 
"         Ciiissel  Jameson, 
1807.     Solon  Stevensoiij 
1810,     Ahiry  Biown, 
181'.i.     JaiiU'.s  Conlun, 
1815.      William   Lo\\ii>^y,'P 
1817.     Patrick  Gilb.'it, 

1S2G. 


"    7:5!i8-j;}. 

'■    7(r    '■ 
'•    :s'  \R-2a. 

Ai2ue.s  Robinson 


John  Brown, 
Samuel  Houston, 
Jerome  Stevenson, 
Kli/abetli  Jontjs, 
LaiiL^hlin  McDonald,! 
(icoiL'i'  Coeluan, 
John  ni'.rham, 
James  Patterson, 
Jonathan  Clark, 
Sii^an  Stniti'vant, 
Nathaniel  Pattfison, 


age( 

]  Ri] 

9-2 

82 

81 

110 

8.5 

74 

80 

7.S 

84 

In  the  year  l.'-^27,  there  were  Ihirteea  [lersons  living  in  Belfast,  whose 
average  age  was  S:i  years,  7  months,  and  11  days.  Their  respective 
names  and  ages  were  as  follows: 


Samuel  Cnnnin^'ham, 

age 

a  88 

Jo]\n  l^ur^ess, 

a-ed  92 

AViliiam  Cnnnin'.^!uua, 

'' 

8ti 

Nathaniel  Slaidey, 

'"     82 

Eobeit  Patter-on', 

li 

8.5 

Ale\aii(ier  Clark, 

'■     SI 

Jane  Patlcison, 

(( 

77 

Klisiui  Clark, 

'•SI 

John  Cool  nan, 

('. 

78 

Tolforil  Durham, 

U        VI 

Sarah  West, 

(( 

80 

Annis  Coehran, 

••      8'J 

Elizabeth  Campbell,  a-eJ  82. 
The  above  is  an  extract  from  ^\'hile's  History  of  Belfast,  Me. 


SCRAPS   FROM   INTERLEAVED   ALMANACS. 

ir.os!.     This  year  arrived  20  shijis  ai\d  3,000  passengers. 

March  If,  1G17.  Mary  IMartiii  executed  at  IjosIou  for  murlhering 
her  child. 

Jnnc  15,  IGIS.  Alicel  Jones  was  executed  at  Boston  for  witchcraft. 
This  was  the  first  execution  of  the  kind  in  New  England. 

Marcli  20,  1019.     Mr.  John  ^Vinthrop,  Gov.,  dyed. 

Aug.  21,  101'.).     Mr.  Shepard  of  Cand).  dyed.  ' 

Nov.  21,  1070.      12  or  1:5  houses  in  Charleslown  was  burnt. 


♦  Mr.  I>owiK'y  was  priiiliialrtl  at  DiiMm  f'v!lc-i'. 

t  McnuiKiM  vvMs  liuni  in  .Sodllaml,  aii'i  tiilirid  t!iL'  nrmv  wliile  a  !'oy  ;  li;.s  a-c  is  not  pos- 
itively a-^rriM.iuuHl.  I  If  ri'ineiiilKTeil  liaMii:.'  -.-.ii  I'm-  Puke  of  MarllMinniirli,  ujio  ilicd 
ninety-iiirio  vi'ar-  liol'iirc  In- did  ;  hu  (Miiic  lo  .Viiutum  la  i  icucr.il  W^ai-V  army  m  1 '<'-'•  :uid 
nfUT'Qu.'lu'C  was  rcdiiocd.  weiU  to  I5iHk-;.nrt.  and  llioiu'o  to  I'.clf.i-t.  The  !owe?t  ejlii.iate 
Ol'  lii>  aL'.\  made  hy  his  relalivi'-,  ha-  ln'cn  lakoii. 

}  W'liuhrini  and  others  ^ay  JLrigj;i_t. 


,V:..;.\''    'A     'M    \v',, '.'■•;,        .,      \'.;    V.'>'.;U',^on\ 


!    V 


rl,  01    •    ;•-'    J-iv  t  'ifl  .'J,    'r,  »■,'•:'■    ■! 


!     (' 


<-..   'I  II.,  l^f  -■ 


niin 


'>    I     'i     1   I MJ  • 
'•:■  :     \'r'.    '■■]';"    '. 

ri'-'.,x:!:, 

'      .I'll'   l.':..'i 


■■■-  ^.i  .  ,!  :.;  if//i;i  .:.  w/  V'ni 


]"\ 


74 


Decease  of  the  Fathers  of  Xciu  England. 


[J 


an.', 


DECEASE  OF  THE  FATHERS  OF  NEW  ENGLAND. 

Chronologically  arranged. 

]G:jO. 

Awv^.  G,  Picv.  Francis  Ilisi^inson  d.  at  Salcm,  a.  -13. 
Sr|)t.  20,  Dr.  William  Gager,  surgcun,  d.  at  Charlcstown. 
Sept.  oO,  Isaac  Johiibon,  an  Assislant,  tl.  at  Boston. 
Oct.  23,  EiUvarcl  Ilossitcr,  an  Assistant. 

1G31-2. 
Feb..  10,  Capt.  Robert  Weklen  d.  at  Cliarlcstown. 

103 1. 

Aug.  2,  Rev.  Samuel  Skelton  d.  at  Salcm;  the  first  pastor  wlio  died 
in  New  England,  the  term  pastor  !)cing  used  in  conlradislinetiou  to 
teacher. 

1G3J. 

Aug.  M,  Rev.  .Tohn  Avery  was  drowned.' 

1G3G. 
Feb.  3,  Rev.  John  jMaverick  of  Dorchester  d.  at  Boston,  a.  GO. 

1C33. 

April  — ,  Nicholas  Danforth  d.  at  Cambridge.  .  ' 

Sept.   14,   Rev.  John   Harvard,  founder  of  Harvard   College,  d.  at 
Charlcstown. 
Nov.  17,  Roger  Ilarlakcnden,  an  Assistant,  d.  at  Cambridge. 
Dec.  21,  John  Masters. 

IGll. 

Aug.  9,  Rev.  Jonathan  Burr  of  Dorchester  d.,  a.  37. 

Rev.   Henry   Smith  of  Wctlicrslield.     (Mr.   Savage  says  he 
died  in  iGiy) 

IGM. 

April  10,  Elder  "William  Brewster  of  riymoulh  d.,  a.  SI. 
July  1,  Rev.  George  Pliillips  of  Watcrlown. 

Israel  Sloughton,  an  Assistant,  d.  in  England. 

John  Atwood,  an  Assistant  of  Plymouth  Colony. 
Sept.  4,  Rev.  E[)hraim  Ilewett  of  Windsor,  Ct. 
Hon.  George  Wyllys  of  llartibrd,  Ct. 

•   ■,     .    '  'v.  '  .   :    ■'■.  1G4G. 

April  12,  John  Oliver,  (II.  C.  1015,)  d.  at  Boston,  a.  29. 

1047. 
July  7,  Rev.  Thomas  Hooker  of  Hartford,  Ct.,  d.,  a.  G2. 

(To  Ijc  continueJ.) 


is- 

m 


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rym. 


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Or:t» 


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li"  >  .ir.  fi 


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■; '    '>'•"/:■  :m.'0(  1    "  .!!5i'iMii:    ."i'^t'),  „\ 


IS  17. 


Governor  Bradslrcct. 


75 


GOVERNOR    15RADSTREET. 


Simon  I'radstukkt,  son  of  a  nun-coiifDrininLrminisler,  was  boin  Marcli,  1()03, 
at  Ilorhliii,  Liiiculnshiri'.  His  fatlicr  liicd  whi-ii  hi'  was  foiivtfi'ii  yt'ais  o'al,  ami 
lie  was  comiiiilted  to  tlie  care  of  Hon.  'I'lioinas  Dmlloy,  for  eiy;ht  years  following'. 
Up  spoilt  one  year  at  l-'mmamirl  Collci,"'.  Cariibriilge,  piirsuiuL;  liis  stiulies 
nmid-t  various  iiitcmiptiniis.  LcaviiiL;  L'aiiiliriJize,  he  resided  in  the  luniily  of 
the  Earl  of  Lineohi.  a>  liis  steward,  and  alijiwards  lived  in  the  same  eajKicity 
with  the  Conntess  of  Warwick.  lie  witli  Mr.  \Viiithrop,  Mr.  Dudley,  and  others, 
agreed  to  eini;,n-ate,  and  form  a  SL'ltl.'inenl  in  Massachnsetls  ;  and  lieini,' 
appointed  an  Assistant,  he  wiili  his  family  and  others  went  on  bi.ard  tlio 
Arbella,  March  -J',),  Hl^O  ;  anchored.  Ji,iie'r:,  near  Nautnkeak,  now  Salem, 
went  on  slmro,  but  r.-nnied  to  thi-  v^-rl  at  ni_'!il ;  came,  on  the  Hlh,  into  the 
inner  harbor,  and  went  on  shore,  lie  attended  the  lirst  Court,  Auir.  '2^^,  at 
Charlestowii. 

In  the  sprin-^'  of  ir,31,  Mr.  TMadstreet  with  other  gentlemen  commenced 
biiildiiiL,'  at  Newtown,  now  ("aintirivlue.  and  his  name  is  amomr  those  constitut- 
ing llKflirst  companv,  which  settled  in  that  town  in  UJiii.  He  resided  tliem 
several  years.  In  IG;;!),  the  Court  i:i anted  him  500  acres  of  land  in  Salem,  in 
the  next  convenient  place  to  Gov.  Mndicott's  fartii.  It  appears  that  he  resided  u 
short  time  at  Ipswich. 

Mr.  Biad.-^treet  was  among  the  first  settlers  of  Andover,_and  was  hi'.:hly  useful 
in  proiiioliiig  the  settlement,  in  hearing  the  burdens  ineiileiU  to  u  new  planta- 
tion, and  in  givimr  a  riL,dit  direction,  to  its  affairs.  About  the  year  16-14,  he  built 
the  first  millon  the  Cochichewick.  II-  was  a  selectman  from  the  first  record 
of  town  oliicers  to  KJTvI,  .soon  after  which,  he  ijrobably  i^pent  mo-t  of  his  time 
ill  Hoston  and  Sal.nii.  He  was  the  lii.-t  Secretary  of  the  colony,  and  di.--eharged 
the  duties  of  the  (Mlice  many  years.  He  wa-:  one  of  the  lirst  CommissioKcrs  of 
the  United  Colonies  in  lOi:?,  and  >ci-ved  many  ye.irs  with  fidelity  and  ii-elul- 
ness  in  this  oUice.  In  IG.'');!,  lie  with  his  collcaL'ue  vigorou-«ly  oppo-cd  making 
war  on  tin;  Dutch  in  .New  York,  and  on  the  Indians;  and  it  vvas  prevent. 'd  by 
liis  stcadv  and  conscientious  opposition  and  the  dcci-^ion  of  the  (Jeneral  Court 
of  Massachusetts,  tlunigh  eariu;stly  and  strenuously  urged  by  all  the  Commis- 
sioners of  tlie  other  three  colonies. 

He  was  Deputy  Governor  from  1G7'2  to  1G79,  wlu-n  he  was  elected  Governor, 
and  continued  in  oliice  till  Mr.  Josi'pli  Dudley,  hi-  nephew,  was  appointed,  in 
IGSG,  head  of  the  administration,  and  tin.-  govcinment  was  changed  and  the 
Charter  annulled. 


i';kM 


I-     , 


UlMJ' 


^^U^•■^:  '^ 


.1  ».I.A.i.,  .,*,;  r;.  l,i ,.  ^  I 


I-        '    ■-        .■    .;•■  .1 
;      ■,•■■.,:'/</    t,i  ,    .   ;   .,. 


:,.---,(,(n, (■;■'-  ' 


!.      '       'w/.     ,;i  .r)     '1..,        )^<■  :d'     III 


>  o:  •'■11  '•!       ■  M'"  .17,  V.     ':       ': 


■  ■-  I  (  ■  ' 


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!  '■    III 


< I  ••'•,'  , 


''(.!i,i'  .   .:,'■-  ,''  > 


7G 


Governor  Bnuhlrrci. 


.Ian. 


.■■» 


("Jov.  ■Hrndstivot  wa-!  porisidonnl  at  the  head  r)f  the  moch-rafe  partv  ;  and,  whon 
the  Charier  was  deinaudcd  by  Kliii.'  Ctiaih-.-,  h(;  thou-hl  it  bcllL-r  that  it  Lhoul.l 
be  surrendered,  than  that  it  ahould  be  lakeu  away  by  jiidgnient,  as  in  lliat  ca',L' 
Jt  iiiiylit  bo  more  easily  resiinieil. 

H-.' >treiiuoiHly  oi)posed  the  arfiitrary  pror-ee,]in-s  of  Atidros  ;  and  when,  in 
l^'JS;),  the  people  [)iit  down  his  aiithorily,  they  ina.hj  their  old  Governor  their 
i'resKhnit.  He  continued  at  the  head  ot'  the'adininistraliou  till  :\Iay,  Ifi!>->  ril 
the  advanced  a^re  of  Hi>  years,  \vhen  .Sir  Wdliuni  Piiip.s  arrived  fioin'Kniil.aiul 
wall  the  new  Charter,  in  whieh  Su  Wdliam  was  appointed  Governor,  and  Mr. 
Lradstn.'et  first  Assistant.  Jfe  had  been  in  serviee  in  the  -oveniini-iit'.slMv-two 
years,  eveeptin^'  the  sliort  adinini-^tratioas  of  Dudley  and  Andros.  No  man  in  the 
coimtry  has  continued  in  so  hiudi  oliices  so  mariy  years,  and  to  so  advanced  ai,'8 
as  he.  He  was  a  popular  ma-istrale,  an.i  was  opposed  to  the  witch  delusion  m 
|G!»J,  wnich  caused  great  alarm  and  distress  at  the  coiurneneement  of  Gov 
Ihii'd'  adrinnistration.  "  lie  lived  to  be  the  Xestor  of  New  En-land  "  for  all 
who  came  over  from  EuLjland  with  him,  died  before  him  "         ' 

Tlie  tollowiny  inscription  is  on  the  monuinent  erected  in  Salem  to  Gov. 
I5iad.>tieel  : 


SIMON     BRADSTREET, 

Armi^or.  ex  or.line  Senatoris  in  Colonia  Massnchii=etlensi  rdj  nnno  \C:.\(\  ii<:qiic  aJ 
animm  lo7;j.  Di-inde  ad  annum  IHTH,  Vice-(  niluMiiator.  Deni<iue,  ad  aiuuini  lOSo 
cjii-ik'in  cokiniuo,  conimuni  et  constaiui  pojuih  sulfLi-io,  ' 

^.    ,     GUBER.NATOR. 

'\  ir,  juihcio  Lynccario  pracJitus;  qiiom  ncc  nnnnma.  noc  honos  allexit  Ep'^is  aiic- 
tnrit.ilein.  ot  pcpidi  hhcrlatein,  aoiliui  iam-e  lihravit.  Reh-ione  coni.ilus  viia'innoc- 
uus,  nuuKlum  et  Mcit  et  de.cruit,  :.'7  die  -Mart,i,  A.  D.  lu'JT,  annoque  Guhel  3t  E\  et 
A  A.  'J-l. 

Gov.  Bradstreet  was  married  in  England  to  IMiss  Ann  Dudley,  dau-hler  of 
IMr.  I  homaa  Dudlev,  when  she  was  sixteen  years  old.  Slie  is  the  most  distin- 
truished  of  the  early  matrons  of  our  country  by  her  literary  powers  of  which 
proof  is  mven  m  a  volume  of  poems,  h  was  dedicat.vl  to  her  father  in  poetrv 
dated  March  20,  l(i-l'2.  The  title  of  the  book  is,  '•  Several  poems,  compilJd 
with  -reat  variety  ol  wit  and  learninir,  full  of  deli<rht ;  wherein  especially  is 
contained  a  complete  discourse  and  description  of  the  four  elements,  constitut- 
ing' aires  of  man,  seasons  of  tiie  yenr,  to-elher  witli  an  exact  epitome  of  the 
three  iir.st  monarchies,  viz.,  the  Assyrian,  Persian,  Grecian,  and  Roman  com- 
monwealth, from  the  be^nnnin^  to  the  end  of  their  last  kin:^,  with  divers  other 
plea,sant  and  serious  poems.  Bv  a  (reiillewonian  of  New  Enizland."  A  second 
edition  of  it  was  ])rinte.l  at  Roston,  l(i78,  bv  John  Foster^  m  a  respectable 
12ino  of  1^55  pp.,  and  a  third  edition  was  published  in  IToS.  The  work  does 
honor  to  her  education,  by  her  fixvpient  allusions  to  ancient  literature  and  his- 
torical facts,  and  to  her  character,  as  a  daimhter,  u  wife,  a  parent,  and  Chris- 
tian. This  volume  is  a  real  curiosiiy,  tlioiiLrh  no  reader,  free  from  partiality  of 
inend.ship,  mli,dit  coincide  with  the  commendation  of  her  in  the  funeral  eulo'^y 
ol  John  Norton  :  "-^ 


i? 


m 


?■? 


'•  Could  Mini's  muse  hilt  hi'nr  her  lively  slr.nin, 

Ilo  would  coikIciuii  las  wiirks  to  lire  as-:iiii  '         "• 

.,,-.•,,  *******  ,      , 

>■  '         ''      If^f^r  lirca-t  was  a  brivp  palace,  a ///v,„//,,rrr?^ 

^Vheri!  all  heroic,  ani|.li' tiioiiLjIits  dill  incut, 

^yllc'^c  nitiirc  liail  siu-h  a  U'lii'iiRMii  la'cii, 

That  other  .souls,  to  hcr's,  dwelt  in  a  lane." 

Dr.  ]\Iather,  in  liis  Ma-nalia,  pives  a  liisrh  commendation  of  her  "whose 
poems,  divers  times  printed,  have  atforded  a  rr,at,.f„l  enteilainment  unto  the 
ingenious,  and  a  monument  lor  her  memory  bevoiid  the  stateliest  marbles  " 


)•,.'//  ir.y. 


,.f'y)     I'J     W-hb'.      •■.     '•' 


'■.IJVi  >'-'.r.  ■ 


■.-'J 


.;    .  .  .,',0      .i:".'i     I-      n 


:;o  I'./, 


■'i     Md    '    '  4l'    'I  '     f    '  '    " 

:  C','^. :.'  'J'.;<  rf."'.  j:  '  ■  iJi.  J  ■■■■■  ■ 


>  .'■  1 


',>  no:. .     rf'»r  !"nr 


13i7. 


S/:ctchcs  of  Alumni. 


77 


Tlit'Ir  c'liiltlien  weio  as  follows  : 

1.    S.uiiiu;],  wlui  had  two  daui^'hti'is  b.  In  Boilon,  li)()3,  IGGj. 
'J.   Simon,  who  was  sutlloJ  in  tlio  miiii-itry  in  \'jw  LutiJoii,  Ct. 
'i.    Dudley  of  Andover. 

4.  John,  who  was  h.  in  Andovcr,  Jnly  31,  1G52,  and  eeltlud  in  Salem. 

5.  Ann.  who  m.  Mr.  Wig.i^in  of  Kxder. 

(').  Duiothy,  \sho  m.  Rev.  ireaborn  Cotton,  Hampton,  Jnne  25,  105 J. 

7.  Hannah,  who  m.  Mr.  Andn'w  \Vi;^':,'in,  IvMctiT,  Jnne  IJ,  1059. 

8.  -Mary,  who  m.  Mr.  Nathaniel  Wade,  Nov.  11,  lOTJ. 
Mrs.  Bradstreet  died  in  Anduver,  Sept.  1(3,  1G7'2,  aged  tiO. 

(Jov.  lirailstreet  married  for  his  second  wife,  a  .siller  of  Sir  George  Downing, 
who  was  in  tiie  lirst  elass  lliat  graduated  at  Harvard  College,  and  was  anilia.->- 
sador  of  Cromwell  and  Charles  II.  to  Holland.     See  AhbuCs  llmtonj  of  Andovcr. 


SKETCHES  OF  ALU.MXI  AT  TIIE  DIFFERENT  COLLEGES 
L\  NEW  ENGLAND. 


IIOX.  WILLIAM  CRA.XCII  OF  WA.':  IILXGTON,  D.  C. 

Jl'dgf,  Ckancii  was  born  al  llie  liou.se  of  iii^  mollier's  failicr,  the 
Rev.  William  Smilh,  of  Weyniouih,  M:;:.,  July  17,  17(JU  ;  and  \\  as 
baptized  by  him  the  Sabbath  Ibllowiug,  arf  appears  by  the  ehureh 
records.=^  He  had  no  brother,  but  two  sisters,  and  these  were  older 
than  himself.  The  elder  sister,  Elizabeth,  married  the  Rev.  Jacob 
Norton,  who  succeeded  Mr.  Smith  in  the  pastoral  oillce.  The  other 
sister  married  Mr.  John  Greenleaf,  who  resides  at  Quincy,  Ms. 
Mrs.  Greenleaf  died  Feb.  iS,  184G. 

Ills  father,  Richard  Cranch,  was  born  in  Kingsbridge,  near 
Exeter  in  Devonshire,  England,  in  November,  17:2(),  and  was  ihe 
son  of  John,  the  son  of  Andrew,  the  son  of  Richard,  all  of  Devon- 
shire. He  was  one  of  six  sons,  and  was  bound  as  an  ap[)rentiee 
to  a  maker  of  wool-cards  ;  but,  at  the  age  of  :20,  purchased  the 
remainder  of  his  lime,  and  came  to  this  country  in  174G,  with  C!en- 
eral  Joseph  Palmer,  who  had  married  his  sister.  Being  fond  of 
books,  he  became  a  learned  man,  received  an  honorary  degree  of 
M.  A.  from  'Harvard  L^niversity,  was  elected  a  member  of  the 
American  Academy  of  Arts  and  Sciences,  sustained  several  im- 
portant public  oiliccs,  and  was  for  many  years  a  meniljer  of  the 
Legislature  and  a  Jntlge  of  the  Court  of  Common  Pleas.  He 
died  in  ISFl,  in  his  8">lh  year. 

His  mother  was  Mary,  the  eldest  daughter  of  the  Rev.  William 
Smith  of  Weymouth,  and  granddaughter  of  Col.  John  Quincy  of 
Mount  W^oUaston,  in  that  j)art  of  Brainlree  since  incorporated  by 
the  name  of  C^uincy,  in  honor  of  his  memory.  There  is  now^  no 
lineal  descendant  from  him  of  the  name  of  Quincy.  'i"li<'  next 
daughter  o{  Mr.  Smilh  was  Abigail,  w  ho  liecaine  the  wife  ol  the 
late   President  .lohn   Adain>  ;    and  ilie  other  daughter  \\"as  ]"'li/a- 

*  His  jiarciilb"  rc5iJe:n.-e  at  llinl  liiiio  v.as  in  Bo'toi!. 


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7S  '■   '"         ^^hctdies  of  Alumni      '      '■  [J'un. 

I)otli,  who  married  the  Rev.  John  Shaw  of  IlavcThill,  Ms.,  nnrl 
al'lrr  his  death,  the  Rev.  Stephen  IVahody  of  Alkiii.Mm,  N.  II.  She 
died  April  9,  ISIO,  aged  Go.  She  had  thri-e  ehihh-eii  by  lu-r  first 
husband,  William  Siiiith,  Eli/aljeth  Qiiincy,  and  Abigail  Adams. 
The  son  was  the  j^rineipal  fonnder  of  the  Roston  Alheiiirnm.  He 
was  born  Aug.  l"i,  L77S,  graduated  IT.  C.  170S,  and  died  ]>^:jn. 
The  first  daughter  was  born  ."May  I'lJ,  ]7S(),  ;uid  died  Sej)!.  -l,  1798, 
aged  JS.  The  last  daughter  is 'the  wile  of  Rev.  Jose|)h  J3.  I'elt  of 
this  eity. 

The  great-grandmother  of  the  subjeet  of  this  elieteh,  the  wife  of 
Col.  John  Cluiney,  who  died  July  1'5,  1707,  was  Mary  Norton,  the 
daughter  of  the  Jlev.  John  Norton  of  ningham,  whose  genealogy 
is  distinctly  traced  back  to  the  lime  of  William  the  Conqueror. 

We  cannot  trace  llie  ancestors  of  Judge  Cranch's  f;Uh(T  back 
further  than  his  gramlfathcr's  grandfather,  'i'hey  all  appear  to  have 
been  Dissenters,  firm  republicans,  and  honest  men,  but  in  humljle 
life.  His  grandfather,  John  Cranch,  was  a  farmer  and  a  freeholder; 
the  others  seem  to  have  been  manufacturers  of  woollens.  John 
Cranch,  the  naturalist,  who  was,  at  the  recommendation  of  Sir 
Joseph  Banks,  sent  out  in  the  expedition  to  Egypt,  where  he  died, 
was  his  second  cousin.  His  father's  mother  was  Eli/.abctli  Pcarse, 
daughter  of  Christopher  Pearse  and  INIargery  Tristc. 

In  April,  177'',  his  father  removed  from  Roston  to  that  part  of 
Braintrec  now  called  Quinc}',  where  he  resided  until  his  death.  He 
died  on  the  IGth,  and  his  wife  on  the  17th,  of  October,  18M,  and 
both  were  buried  on  the  same  day,  the  I9tli.  A  sermon  was  deliv- 
ered on  the  occasion  by  the  Rev.  Peter  ^Vhitney,  which  was  printed. 
Judge  Cranch  j:)repared  for  collegi;  under  the  instruction  of  iiis 
uncle,  the  Rev.  John  Shaw  of  Haverhill,  and  entered  the  Freshman 
class,  six  months  in  advance,  in  February,  1781.  Having  gradu- 
ated at  Harvard  College,  he,  July,  1797,  entered  the  clficc  of  Judge 
Dawes  of  Boston,  who  was  then  a  practitioner  in  tlie  courts  of 
iMassachusctts,  where  he  read  law  three  years,  and  in  July,  1790, 
was   admitted   to   practice  in   the   Court  of  Common   Pleas.     He 

-opened  an  oOlee  in  Braintree,  now  Quincy,  but  at  the  close  of  the 
first  year,  upon  the  death  of  his  relative,  ,Tolm  Thaxter,  l-^sq.,  Avho 
had  been  in  the  jiractice  of  the  law  at  Haverhill,  Ms.,  he  was 
induced  by  his  friends  to  remove  to  that  place,  and  take  his  office, 
and  complete  his  unfinished  busitiess  ;  which,  with  the  confidence 
reposed  in  him  by  the  Hon.  Nathaniel  Peaslee  Sergeant,  then  one 
of  the  Justices  of  the  Supreme  Judicial  Court  of  Massaclmsetls, 
who  appointed  him  sole  executor  of  his  will,  introduced  hiiu  into 
■  practice,  and  enabled  him  to  support  himself  and  pay  all  demand.^ 
held  against  him.  For  three  years,  he  attended  t!;e  courts  in  Essex 
county  in   Massachusetts  and   Rockingham  county  in  New  Tlamp- 

;      shire,  and  was  admitted  to  praelice  in  the  Snpieiiie  .fudieial  Court 

I      in  July,  1793. 

I  In  September,  1791,  he  was  employed  to  su])erin!eiul   the  allairs 

of  Morris,  Nicholson,  :\\v\  ( !r(_'enleal',  under  their  great  contracts  in 


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1847.]  at  the  different   CuUcg-es  in  New  England.  79 

ihe  City  of  AVashiiigton,  to  which  place  lie  removed  in  Oclober  of 
that  year,  and  has  continued  lo  reside  in  that  [jlace  until  the  iaefccnt 
linie. 

In  April,  1795,  ho  was  connected  in  marriage  with  Nancy 
Greenleaf,  daughter  of  the  late  William  Grecnleaf  of  Lo.ston,  and 
moved  his  wife  to  Washington,  in  May. 

They  have  been  the  pariMits  of  13  children,  3  of  whom  died  in 
infancy.  Tlie  names  of  the  other  ten  were  1.  William  (jreenleaf ; 
S.Richard;  3.  Ann  Allen;  -1.  Alarv;  5.  Klizabeth  Eliot;  G.  .John  ; 
7.  Edward  Pope  ;  8.  Christopher  Pearse  ;  9.  Abby  Adams  ;  10. 
Margaret  Dawes.  Richard  was  drowned  in  Lake  Erie,  while  in  the 
discharge  of  his  duty  as  an  assislaut-engineer.  surveying  the  harbor, 
in  hisi29th  year,  unmarried.  Aim  Allen  died  in  April,  l'-^21,  of  con- 
sumption, aged  22,  also  unmarri(,'d.  Mary  married  Richard  Cranch 
Norton,  and  died  when  her  llrst  child  was  one  week  old,  in  July, 
18:21,  aged  20.     Her  husband  died  in  October  of  the  same  year. 

The  other  7  children  are  still  living.  Elizabeth  married  Rufus 
Dawes,  a  son  of  the  late  Judge  Dawes  of  Boston.  Abby  Adams 
married  the  Rev.  William  G.  Eliol  of  St.  Louis,  Missouri,  where 
ihey  reside  and  have  a  number  of  children.  William  has  been  a 
clerk  in  the  Patent  OlRce.  He  was  two  years  at  Harvard  University  ; 
but  his  delicate  health  and  feeble  constitution  obliged  him  to  leave 
his  studies  in  his  Junior  year.  The  other  sons  were  educated  at 
the  Columbian  College  la  the  District  of  Columbia.  John  spent 
three  or  four  years  in  Italy,  in  drawing  and  painting,  to  perfect  his 
knowledge  of  these  bran'ehes,  and  now  resides  in  Boston,  where 
he  pursues  the  employment  of  drawing  and  painting.  I-'^dward 
Pope  is  settled  in  Cincinnati  as  a  lawyer.  Christopher  Pearse  has 
been  a  preacher  of  the  Gospel,  but  has  lately  turned  his  attention  to 
portrait  painting,  and  is  now  in  Italy.  Mrs.  Cranch  deceased 
Sept.  17,  1843. 

In  the  year  1800,  .ludge  Cranch  was  appointed  one  of  the  Com- 
missioners of  the  City  o(  Washington,  wdiich  oflice  he  ri'signcd  in 
1801,  wdien  he  was,  by  President  Adams,  appointed  the  junior 
assistant  Judge  of  the  Circuit  Court  of  the  District  of  Columbia, 
under  the  act  of  Congress  of  Feb.  27,  1801  ;  the  late  Governor 
Thomas  Johnson  of  ^laryland,  who  had  been  one  of  the  Comm.is- 
sioners  of  the  City  of  Washington,  having  been  appointed  Chief 
Judge  ;  and  Mi:  James  ?ilarsiiall,  brother  of  the  late  Chief  Justice 
JMarshall,  having  been  appointetl  elder  assistant  Judge.  Gow  John- 
son refused  to  accept  the  ollice  ;  and  Mr.  Jelferson  appointed  Wil- 
liam Kitty,  Esq.,  Chief  Judge.  Mr.  Marshall  resigned  in  1803,  and 
Nicholas'Fit-/hugh,  Esq.,  of  Virginia,  was  appointed  in  his  place. 

In  1805,  Mr.  Kitty  having  been  appointed  Chancellor  of  Mary- 
land, Judge  Cranch'was  appointed  by  Mr.  Jefferson  to  ilu'  oiliee  of 
Chief  Justi{H\  which  ollice  he  now  holds;  and  by  virtue  of  thai 
office  is  sole  Judge  of  the  District  Court  of  the  United  Stales,  for 
the  District  of  Columbia,  which  has  the  same  juri.-dielion  as  thv 
other  District  Courts  of  the  United  States  have, 


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80 


S/cetchcs  of  Ahtmni 


[Jan. 


^1 


Tie  1ms  piil)lislu'(|  nine  volnincs  of  Reports  of  oases  in  the 
Supreme  Court  of  the  United  Stiites,  ;i  MeiniMr  of  the  life,  ehnrac- 
ter,  and  writings  of  President  John  Adams,  (70  pages.)  read  before 
the  Columbian  Institute,  March  Ki,  l^i*J7,  and  an  Addrei^^s  upon  the 
subject  of  Temperanee,  in  iSoi,  a  small  pamphlet. 

Judge  Craneh  is  a  INIemtxT  of  the  American  Academy  of  Arts 
and  Si-iences,  and  of  tiie  American  Anii(puu-ian  Society,  lie  has 
received  also  the  dc"ree  of  Doctor  of  Laws  from  Harvard  Colle"[e. 


PROl'ESSOR  ERENEZER  ADA:M3  OF  HANOVER,  N.  II. 

Profkssor  Ad.\!MS  was  the  son  of  Epliraim  Adams  of  New  Tps- 
\vi(di,  N.  11.,  who  was  a  higlily  respeclaljle  man,  having  been  a 
magistrate,  an  ollicer  in  the  church,  and  a  re[)resentaiive  of  the  town. 
lie  was  born  in  that  jilace,  Oct.  2,  17Go.  The  father  was  a  native 
of  Ipswich,  Ms.,  born  in  that  ]>art  of  the  town  which  is  now  Hamil- 
ton, lie  was  brought  up  on  the  farm  which  was  iirsl  occupied  by 
his  ancestor,  one  of  the  eight  sons  of  Henry  Adams,  wiio  came  to 
this  country  from  Devonshire,  iMigland,  and  settled  in  that  part  of 
Braintree  now  called  (.J,uincy,  aliout  the  year  l(j^50.  The  father  of 
Dea.  Adams,  whose  baj^tismtd  name  was  Thomas,  was  either  the 
grandson  or  great-grandson  of  this  ancestor.  'IMie  fn-sl  wife  of 
Dea.  Adams  was  Rel)ecca,  daughti-r  of  .lames  Locke,  who  Avas  a 
native  of  Wolnirn,  Als.,  and  died  in  A-^hby,  Ms.  The  name  of  his 
second  wife  is  not  known,  'i'he  children  of  Dea.  Adams  were 
fifteen  in  number. 

The  subject  of  this  sketch  fitted  for  college  at  tlic  Academy  in 
New  Ipswich,  under  the  care  of  Hon.  John  Hnbbard,  who  was 
afterwards  ]*rofessor  in  Dartmouth  Colh^ge.  Having  graduated 
at  that  institution  in  1791,  with  high  r(>initation  as  a  scholar, 
especially  in  mathematics  ami  philosophy,  he  went  immediately 
into  the  xVcademy  at  Leicester,  Ms.,  where  he  spent  fifteen  years, 
fourteen  of  which  he  u'as  the  Princij^jal.  In  1800,  he  took  charge  of 
the  Academy  at  Portland,  IMe.,  which  he  left  after  a  year  and  a  half, 
having  accepted  the  Professorship  of  Mathematics  in  Phillips 
Academy,  I'lxeter.  I-n  l^^OO  he  m  as  appointed  Professor  of  the 
Languages  in  Dartmouth  College,  ;\nd  in  ISIO,  upon  tlie  death  of 
Professor  Hubbard,  he  was  transfi-rred  to  the  department  of  Alalh- 
emalics  and  Natural  Philosophy,  and  continued  in  that  ofiice  until 
18:33  —  twenty-tliree  years  —  when  he  was  induced  by  advancing 
age  and  infiririities  to  resign  all  active  and  responsible  service  in 
the  College ;  his  connection  with  it  since  being  simply  that  of 
Professor  Lmeritns,  which  continued  until   his  death. 

Professor  Adams  possessed  great  constitutional  energies,  both 
physical  and  menial.  These  he  carried  into  active  lile.  As  an 
insirnctor  he  \vas  able  and  accurate.  No  one  surpassed  him  in 
faithfulness,  and  hence  it  was  proverbial  that  he  made  thorough 
scholars.  ]n  the  Languages  he  was  good,  but  in  Mathematics  and 
Philosophy  he  excelled  as  a  teacher. 


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I     1917.]  at  the  (liferent   Colleges  in  New  England.  SI 

[.  As  wonld  naturally  be  expected,  he  look  a  lively  intere.-sl  in  all 
.  efforts  made  to  promote  the  cause  of  lileralure,  the  s(iciui-.<,  and  the 
:..  art?,  and  was  connected  with  several  literary  associaiious.  ilu  was 
an  orii,nnal  Memlna-  of  the  Xorihi'rn  Academy  of  Arts  and  Seifiices, 
and  took  an  active  part  at  the  time  of  its  formation,  as  presiding 
odieer.  He  was  also  a  Member  of  the  New  Hampsliire  1  li.-torical 
Soei(;ty,  tlie  American  Anticpiarian  Society,  the  American  At-adcmy 
of  Arts  and  Sciences,  tiie  Maryland  Acadeniy  of  Sciences  and 
I  Literature,  and  tlic  Royal  Society  of  Xorlliern  Anticpvaries,  Copcn- 
!;■  lui^en.  lie  was  a  Trustee  of  K'imhall  Uni(Mi  Acaden^iy  in  i'lain- 
[•  field,  and  sustained  the  oilice  of  President  of  the  Board  of  Tru>tees 
I  twenty  years,  and,  for  about  as  long  a  time,  he  was  Pre.-idenl  of  the 
"     New  JIarnj)shire  Bible  Society. 

I"  Professor  Adams  was  twice  married.  TFis  first  \\  ife  was  Alice 
I  Frink,  daughter  of  Dr.  John  Frinlc,  a  disiini:nished  physician  of  Rul- 
Innd,  Ms.,  by  whom  he  had  fne  children,  Alice  A.,  Adeline  A.,  John, 
Charles  A.  and  Harriet  11.,  of  whom  John  only  is  now  livini,'.  lie 
graduated  at  Dartmouth  Collei^'e  in  J  Si  7,  nnd  is  now  a  |)raclising 
attorney  in  Mobile,  Ala.  Ills  second  wife  was  I'enlah  Minot, 
daughter  of  Dr.  Timothy  Minot  of  Concord,  Ms.  j^y  her  la  had 
two  childri-n,  l']li/a  .M.  and  I'.bt'neziT.  The;  tlaughter  is  now  the 
wife  of  Prof.  Ira  Young.  I^benezer  w  as  graduated  at  Dartmiuilh 
College  in  l*:^:]!,  and  died  in  July,  18;]7.  Of  seven  children,  there- 
fore, two  only  sur\ivc.  'J'he  last  Mrs,  Adams  still  lives,  and 
resides  with  luT  daugliler,  Mrs.  Y(»ung. 

Professor  Adams  "was  one  of  the  few  remaining  old  school 
citizens  and  scholars  of  New  England,  ;md  was  hardly  surjuisscd 
by  any  of  that  venerable  class  of  men  in  inii'lUgence,  patriotism, 
and  Christian  virtue."  lie  possessed  a  well  balanced  mind,  "was 
judicious,  magnanimous,  and  firm.''  lie  died  calm  and  happy  in 
the  triumphs  of  relii;ion,  Augu-t  l-"),  l^^-ll,  in  the  7Glh  year  ol  his 
age,  from  ossidcalion  of  the  heart. 

HON.  JAMi:S  SAVAGE  OF  HOSTOX. 

Tnn  subject  of  this  sketch  was  born  July  11,  I7Sl,  in  Boston, 
wIkm'c  his  progenitors  since  IGoO  have  always  lived.  His  falher 
was  IIal)ijah,  and  his  mother,  I'ilizabelh,  daughier  of  John  'J'udor. 
Of  eight  children,  five  sons  and  three  daughters,  born  before  him, 
Iwo  sons  died  in  infancy  ;  the  rest  attained  lull  age,  as  did  also  two 
sons  younger  than  himsell. 

Ilis  mother  dietl  bcl\)re  he  arrived  at  his  fourth  year  of  age;  and 
his  falher,  l)y  reason  of  ill  health,  was  unable  to  take  chargi'  of  him 
in  his  early  education.  The  Rev.  Dr.  Thacher  preaclu'd  on  the 
occasion  of  his  molher's  death  from  I'salms  \xvii:  U)  —  '•  117/'.'//  my 
father  and  my  nn/tln'r  forsake  nie^  Iht  n  t/ie  I^ord  will  tiih'e  nu  nj)P 

The  father  of  Mr.  Savage'  was  sou  of  Thom;is,  by  hi>  llr.-t  wife, 
Debor;ih  l^riggs,  who  was,  it  is  l)elie\i'd,  a  granddaughter  o{  John 
Cushing,  on(?  of  the  Judges  of  the  Superior  Court  of  the  Brovince 
of  M  issaclmsetts  Bay.     John,  his  fillier's  elJcr  brother,  was  father 


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S3 


Slcclclics  of  Alumni 


[Jan.1 


of  TliuniaH  of  Yurie,  Mu.,  iVcmi   wIkmh  d(\-^(;tiul('d   llie   Savages  \n\ 
lyjuL^ov.      His  graiuirallu'r'.s  second  wifi;  was   Sarah  Clit-cvcr,  who  "^ 
survived  him  lutarly  rifty-oiie  yi'iirs.      One  of  llieir  cliildreii  wa.s  ihe 
late   Ezckiel   Savage,  hlsq.,  of  Sah-in,   IT.  C.   177S,   father  of  Rev.  '^ 
Thomas   Savage  of  Bedford,  X.  J  I.,  II.  C.  1813,  and  several  other  J'y' 
children,  of  whom  one,  Sarah,  distinguislied  herself  by  the  eompo»  }{ 
sition  of  some  interesting  books. 

Ilabijah,  father  of  Mr.  Savage's  grandfather  Thomas,  was 
cdueated  at  Harvard  College,  where  he  received  his  first  degree,  in 
1G9<3.  He  married  Haimah,  who  iiad  bein  a  short  lime  widow  of 
Ander.-on.  She  was  a  daughter  of  Samuel  Phillips,  distin- 
guished among  booksellers  in  Boston  one  hundred  and  iifly  years 
ago,  as  John  Hunlon  mentions  in  the  laiterlaining  account  of  iiis 
visit  to  our  country,  |)ublished  in  his  "  Life  mid  Hrrors."  Arthur, 
a  youngt'r  brollua-  of  his  great-grandfather,  married  another  daugh- 
ter  of  Mr.  Phiilijis,  and  one  of  their  children  was  Samuel  Phillips  .^\ 
Savage,  father  u(  the  late  Samuel  Savage,  II.  C.  17G0,  of  Barn-  '  - 
stal)le.  >'i 

Thomas,    father  of    the   last    named    Ilabijah,  born    IGIO,  was      ^ '-' 
second    child    of    Thomas,  who    emigrated    i'rom    I']ngland.      His 
mother  was   Faith,  daughter  of  AVilliam  and  the  celebrated    Ann 
Iliitcliinson,  who  was  a  y/)r(i/:iiiLr  if  not  a  n(liv<^  elder  in  the   First 
Church  in  Boston.    H"  married  Filizalielh,  daughter  of  Jt)shua  Scot-       ^„ 
low,  author  oi"  twt)  curious  tracts  in  the  laiUa-  part  of  the  17lh  century.      '^ 
AVith   two  of  his  brothers,   I''phraim,   II.  C.  JGG2,  and    Perez,  he       -ff 
served  at  various  limes  and  jjlaces  in  King  Philip's  war,  in  tlu!  early       ''''\ 
part  of  which,  their  father  was  in  tlic^  chief  command  of  the  forces-     --'■ 
of  the  Colony   of  Massac-husetls.     Ii])hraim  gained   some   ri'j)Uta- 
lion   in  ct)uunand  of  cnie  of  the  vessels  of  th(>  ilect,  in   the  daring 
but  disastrous   expedition    from    I)Oston    against    Ciuebee,   by    Sir 
William    Phlps,  in    KiDO,  and   Thomas  was  at  the  head   of  one  of 
the   three  regiments  engaged    in   it,  and   wrote  a  brief  and  modest 
account  o{  the  service,  published  the  following  vear  at  London.    He 
died  July  2,  J70-J. 

Mr.  Savage's  great-great-great-grandfather,  Thomas,  was  a  man 
of  high  pnljlic  spirit.  Disgusted  with  the  Iri'atment  o{  the  majority 
towards  AVheelwright  and  other  friends  of  Sir  Henry  Vane,  whom 
he  had  perhajjs  accompanied  from  England,  lie,  with  CJov.  Cod- 
dington  and  oihers,  removed  in  IGoS,  and  purchased  Rhode  Island. 
He  soon  returned,  lu)wever,  to  Boston,  recovered  his  former  stand- 
ing with  e,'u-ly  friends,  and  \vas  often  one  of  the  representalives  of 
the  town,  and,  in  the  trying  limes  ol  IGG"),  was  respected  for  his  mod- 
eration. He  was  one  of  those  who  undi'rtook',  in  lG7o,  to  erect  a 
barricade  in  the  harbor,  for  si'curily  against  a  fleet  then  expected 
from  Holland.  Out  of  this  barricade  grew,  in  less  than  forty  years, 
the  \iOw^  Wharf,  a  small  portion  of  which  has  continued  ever  since 
the  pr>opia-ty  of  some  members  of  the  family.  He  was  Speaker  of 
the  De|)uties  in  lGo9,  and  again  after  an  interval  of  eleven  years, 
and  in  IGSO  was  chosen  by  the   colony  one  of  the  A^^sistants,  in 


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17.]  at  the  (li/vj-ciil    CoUrn-es  in  Xcw  Eni;-land.  83 


r  wliich  stiilioii  lie  il\v(\,  I'V'h.  1-1,  IGS:?,  aged  7;'.  A  funeral  sermon 
i-  oil  llial  event  is  among  llie  prinU'tl  works  of  Rev.  Samuel  \\'illard, 
f  pastor  of  the  third  elmreli,  of  wliieh  Major  Savage  was  one  of  the 
r  i"t)ini(Iers,  at  llie  seeession  oecasioned  by  the  eoming  of  Davenport 
t  from  New  Ilaven  tt)  \\ic  first.  The  text  was,  Isaiah  Ivii :  1. 
I  The  eldest  son  of  this  aneestor  o\'  most  who  bear  the  name  on 
■  tills  side  of  the  ocean,  Ilabijali,  II.  C.  K')-")!),  died  in  a  few  years, 
I  hut  left  children  by  his  wife,  daughter  of  Edward  Tyng,  one  of  the 
i  Assistants.  A  grandchild  of  these  parents  removed  from  Boston, 
r  rarly  in  the  last  century,  to  Charleston,  S.  C,  wliere  he  is  com- 
Micniorated  by  Dr.  Kamsay,  in  his  History  of  the  Independcnl 
Church  in  that  city.  Di'sct'iidaiils  base  Ixen  knov/n  in  difrereiit 
parts  of  South  Carolina  ami  Ceorgia.  'J'he  late  Judge  Clay  of  the 
'liter  state,  afterwards  pastor  of  the  lirsl  Daplist  Church  in  ]>oston, 
married  one,  and  his  son,  Thomas  Savage  Clay,  II.  C.  ISlO,  ia 
highly  respected  for  his  Christian  philanthropy. 
[■■  In  the  catalogue  of  the  sons  of  Harvard  are  numbered  eleven 
lineul  descendants  of  the  first  'J'homas,  of  whom  six  have  been 
noticed.  John,  lO'.M,  was  son  of  J-lphraim  ;  Ilabijah,  17:2:],  \vas 
cither  son  or  nephew  of  Ilabijah  ;  .John,  1810,  and  James  Kodon, 
I'^l^,  were  sons  of  William  Savage,  Kscp,  of  Jamaica,  sou  of 
Sainuel  Phillips  Savage,  before  mentioned. 

Of  the  progenitors  ol'  Mr.  Savage,  no  means  are  possessed  by 
which  to  trace  the  line  bcl'orc;  the  arrival  of  his  ancestor  in  this 
counlry  ;  but  a  family  tradition,  committed  to  writing  many  years 
since,  makes  him  to  have  been  a  ijrother  of  Arthur,  an  Engli.-h  dean. 
iMr.  Savage  fitted  for  college  at  Derby  Academy,  Hingham, 
inider  the  tuition  cjf  Abucr  Lincoln,  and  at  ^^'abhillgton  Academy, 
Macliias,  Me.,  instructed  by  Daniel  I'.  Ui)li>n. 

After  gradmiting  at  Harvard   ri,ivcr>iiy  in  1S03,  he  studied   law 
under  the  direction  of  tlu-  late  Chief  .Justice   Parker,  Hon.  Samuel 
Dexter,  and    Hon.  William  Sullivan,  -and  entered  U})on  its  practice 
;;  January,  1S07. 

IMr.  Savage  has  beiMi  Representative  and  Se/iator  in  General 
Court,  a  Counsellor,  and  a'Dt-lcgate  to  the  Convention  in  1S20  lor 
amending  the  Constitution  cjf  the  State.  He  has  been  also  in  the 
City  government  as  one  of  the  Common  Council  and  an  Alderman, 
as  well  as  oni^  of  the  School  Committt'c. 

In  April,  1S:2:],  he  marrit'd  FJi/abeih  O.,  widow  of  James  Oiis 
Lincoln,  I'iSii.,  of  Hingham.  She  was  daughter  of  George  Still- 
man  of  iMaehias,  !\Ie.,  an  oliicer  in  the  war  of  the  Revolution. 
Their  childriMi  are  I-wnma,  Harriet,  Lucy,  and  James. 

At  times  letters  have  engaged  the  attention  of  Mr.  Savage,  but 
not  to  withdraw  him  from  the  jiroper  duties  of  iiis  profession  or  the 
servicer  of  the  community  in  active  life.  He  wa-- during  four  or 
five  years  associated  with  the  gentlemen  who  edited  tlu'(Bo>tun) 
Monthly  Anthology,  and  contributed  articles  for  that  wtuk,  as  he 
has  also  for  the  North  American  Revii-w.  At  the  re(|ne.-t  of  the 
I    municipal  authorities  of  Dosto;-,  he  delivered  an  oration,  July  1, 


,Vui„.\-vVv    .,vO/:    s," 


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1 


S/:e!cIus  of  Alumni 


[Jan.- 


isn.      'J'lic   c()ii)|)il;iii()ii  of  tlic  (.'(.loniiil   and    I'roviiiciiil    Lavvsof. 
IMa:?sa(;liu.si'll<,    piibli.slird     iiii<lrr    llic    lillc    of    Aiicii-iil    Cliarlcre,  i| 
aceordiiii;  lo  diirctioii  of  (IciktuI  Court,  l>y  iho   laic   Hon.  Xallian"! 
Datii',  .JiidL;e    IVescott,  and   .Ind^c    Slory,  was   by  llic^o   i^'cnllcmca 
confided  lo  his  suptTvir-ioii  while   pa>.<ing  lhron<^'h  the  pre>s.     The 
Index   to  the  work  was   |)re|)ared   by   him.      IJe  siiperiniejjded  an  . 
edition  of  Paley's  Works;  and  the  |>resswork  of  the   ten  volumes' 
of  Anieriean  Stale  Papers,  seleeted  l>y  Hon.  John  (),.  Adams,  under 
authority  of  Conirri'ss.     ]jnt   Mr.    Savai/r's  ^Teate.-t   I'llort  of  lliis 
nature  was  his  edition  of  (iov.  Winihrop's   History  of  New  Eiig- 
land,  with  notes. 

'J'his  is  a  work  of  niueh  labor  ajid  value.  It  is  under>tood  that 
he  has  in  eontemplalio/i  a  new  eilin'on  of  Parmer's  Cienealugicai 
Register  of  the  I'^irsl  Settlers  of  New  Eui^land. 

i\Ir.  Sava<;e  was  more  than  twenty  yi-ars  Seerelary  or  Treasurer 
of  ihe  first  Savings  Mank  in  Hoston,  and  nineteen  years  Treasurer 
of  the  Massachusetts  Jlistorieal  Society,  of  which  he  is  now  the 
President.  He  is  a  .Member  of  the  American  Academy  of  Arts 
and  Sciences,  and  has  received  the  degree  of  LL.  D.  at"  Harvard 
College. 

Forty-one  years  since,  fv)r  the  benefit  of  liis  lieallli,  he,  in 
company  with  his  relative  and  friend,  A\'illiam  Tudor,  Jr.,  visited 
the  islands  of  Marlinicjue,  Dominicjue,  St.  Thomas,  St.  Domingo, 
and  Jamaica.  Since,  he  has  bun  to  ])emerara,  and  ^i\c  years  ago, 
he  went  lo  I'nglaiid,  with  a  view  of  \isiling  his  fathers'  sei)ulchrcs, 
and  of  enjoying  himself  in  the  failierdiind. 

HON.  LEVI  \V00i:)RLllV  or  poiltsmoutii,  X.  II. 

Li- VI  WooDBiRv  was  born  at  Franceslown,  N.  II.,  Dec.  ?:2, 1789, 
where  his  father,  the  Hon.  Peter  Wooiibury,  resided.  lie  was  born 
in  Peverly,  Ms.,  in  17G7,  removed  \v  New  Hampshire  with  hi3 
father,  and,  when  he  entered  upon  the  active  business  of  life  for  liiin- 
pelf,  engaged  in  mercantile  and  agricultural  pursuits,  and  was  about 
filteen  years  a  Representative,  and  two  years  a  Senator,  in  the  State  ' 
Legislature.  He  died  in  ISH.  Jlc  was  son  of  I'eter  Woodbury, 
who  was  born  March  :28,  J7;J^,  at  Pevcily,  and  married  there,  and  n\ 
1773  removed  to  Mont  Vernon,  then  a  part  of  Amherst,  X.  H.  He 
t^pent  the  last  twenty  years  of  hi.s  life  at  Antrim,  with  liis  youngest 
son,  Mark  Woodl)ury',  I'^fp,  where  he  died,  March,  ISPJ,  aged  S3. 
///,<;  father  was  Josiah  Woodbury  of  Jk'verly,  who  was  born  June  15, 
1GS2,  and  lived  in  the  Second  or  Upper  Parish.  The  father  of  Jo- 
•siah  was  Peter,  who  was  born  in  l(3d(),  ma<le  a  freeman  in  lOOS,  and 
elected  a  Kepresenlative  in  ICSD.  He  Idled  the  olllcc  of  deacon, 
and  died  July  5,  1701,  aged  Gl.  His  father  was  Humi>hrey 
AVoodbury,  who  was  born  in  1(500,  came  to  New  England  with  his 
father,  John  \\\)odbury,  in  IGriS,  was  admitted  to  iheidjurch  in  IGIS, 
was  a  member  of  the  "^irst  Churcli  in  Beverly,  at  its  formation,  was 
chosen  deacon  in  IGG.^,  ami  was  living  in  IGSl.  John  Woodbury, 
who  was  one  of  the  original  settlers  of  Beverly,  came  from  Sonur- 


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f.  gclsliirc,  Kii:j;l;in(l,  iinclcr  llio  (lircclioii  of  lln-  ])()rrli"<.icr  coiDpaiiv, 
wliicli  csiablislicd  ilst-H'  at  Ciij)!'  Ann  ahoiit  IDr.M.  jlc  caiuc  [u 
Salem  in  l(>"i<>,  was  made  a  jVceiiian  isi  J<j:3<>,  and  in  Ui:j-3  wars 
chosen  a  Deputy  to  (Jeneral  Coiirl.  lie  was  an  uriiiinal  iiieuiber 
of  the  Fir.<t  Ohnreh  in  SaKan.  \\\  IGIJO,  he  receivt-tl  a  grant  uf  two 
luiiidreil  acres  of  land  on  l>a.-^s  livcr.      lie  died  in  Kill. 

Mr.  W'oodbnry's  mother  was  Mary  \VoodI)nrv,  daughter  of 
James  Woocllniry,  who  was*  borii  i;i  J>eveily,  but  renioxed  to  Muni 
Vernon,  N.  II.,  in  M^'l.  He  was  a  ,'<iibaltern  in  Col.  Ivobta't  Koj^ers' 
reginnail  of  Rangers,  and  was  nrar  Wolfe  when  he  fell  al  the 
.storming  of  (inebec.  'I'he  Hword  he  used  in  that  service  is  now  in 
the  j)o-session  of  a  descendant.  He  had  eight  children,  all  dangh- 
ters,  and  died  at  Franccstown,  March,  I'^Jo,  aged  ^'). 

The  sabject  of  this  skelch  was  prepared  fur  college  in  part  at 
New  Ipswich  Academy,  N.  J  I.,  widi  Mr.  Mnlliken,  Inil  chiefly 
under  tlu!  instruction  of  J  Ion.  Jtihn  \''ose,  the  di.-iingiiished  Pre- 
ceptor of  Atkinson  Academy.  In  J  ^00  he  entered  Darlmouth 
College,  wiierc  he  remained  till  l^Ol),  when  lie  graduated  with  high 
re])nlation  for  talent.s  and  acciuircmenls. 

Immediately  after  leaving  college  he  commenced  t!ic  study  of 
h\v,  spending  one  year  at  lli(>  Law  School  of  Judges  Ileeve  and 
GoukI,  at  liitchficld,  Ct.,  and  the  residu',.'  of  his  preparaiory  com-sc 
with  lion.  S.  Dana  of  Boston,  Judge  Smith  of  Exeter,  and  Jamcd 
Walker,  h'sq.,  of  Franccstown.  In  1812  he  o|)ened  an  ollice  in 
his  native  place,  where  he  remained  till  1^10.  In  I'-^IG  he  was 
clecled  C'lerk  of  the  Slate  Senate,  and,  in  the  year  following,  was 
appointed  Judge  of  tla;  Superior  Court.  This  appointment  to  the 
bench  of  the  highest  judicial  tribunal  of  the  state,  drew  general 
attentit)n  to  the  manner  in  which  the  duties  were  discharged.  Amj:»le 
lestimony,  howevca-,  of  the  (pialilications  of  Judg(>  AVoodbm-y  may 
be  fotmd  in  the  first  two  volumes  o\.  Xew  llamj)shire  Reports.  In 
1819,  he  removed  to  Portsmouth,  the  commercial  caj)ital  of  Xew 
llamp.shire,  where  he  continues  to  reside.  In  1^'Si  he  was  chosen 
Governor  of  the  St;\te,  and  when  his  term  of  olhce  expired,  he 
returned  to  the  practice  of  his  jirofession.  In  lSt25  he  was  chosen 
Representative  from  Portsmouth,  and  on  the  meeting  of  the  Legis- 
lature, he  was  elected  Spi^alcer  of  the  House.  Among  the  last  acts 
of  the  session  was  tlu;  choice  of  (tt)v.  Woodbury  to  liU  a  vacancy 
which  had  occurred  in  the  Senate  of  the  United  States.  At  the 
commencement  of  the  session  in  lS'25-(),  he  took  his  seat  in  the 
Senate,  and  during  the  six  years  succeeding,  his  name  was  con- 
nected with  the  mt)st  imj)ortant  measures  discussed  in  that  body. 
Ilis  lerni  of  service  cxi)ired  on  the  Ith  of  March,  and  four  days 
after,  he  was  chosen  State  Senator  for  the  district  in  which  he 
resided.  In  April  following,  he  was  invited  by  President  Jackson 
to  become  Secretary  of  the  X'avy,  which  olllce  he  was  induced  to 
accept,  having  declined  that  of  Slate  Senator.  July  4,  1834,  he 
was  appointed  Secretary  of  the  Treasury,  in  which  capacity  ho 
served  till  March  3,  IS  II.  During  this  time,  he  was  apjiointed 
Chief   Justice    of    the    Superit)r    Court    of    N"ew    Hampshire,  but 


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(IccTinod  iho  oinc-e.     In  I'^ll,  he  was   a^ain  rliosrii  U.  S.  Senalof^ 
from    Xcw  Ilaiiipshiro,  wliidi   otlitc   lit-   InKl   till    Si'pIt'niljiT,  1845,^ 
wIk'm  lie  was  appoiiiic'd  an  A>.>()c)  itc  Jusiici;  of  iln;  U.  S.  Supreme  " 
Court.     Ill  llie  ^iiinmer  previous,  llic  ollice  of  .Alinistcr  U)  l-aigland 
\vas  londercil   to  him,  biii  Ir-  n.'lusecl  it  on  account  of  tlic  situation 
of  Ills  family.  ' 

In  June,  HID,  Judge  Woo(l!)ury  was  married  to  FJi/a  W.  Clapp,  ^ 
daughter  of  lion.  Asa  Clapp  of  I'ortlantI,  Me.  'i'liey  have  live  f| 
children:  Charles  Levi,  who  is  now  an  attorney  in  IJoston,  Mary  ^ 
Elizabelh,  1 'ranees  Anstris,  N'irginia  Lafayette,  .and  Kllen  Carolina. >J 
The  elilesl  is  married  to  the  I  Ion.  .MontL,'omery  J*lair  of  St.  Louis,  Ma  '^ 

.Judge  \Voo(lbury  lias  publisjied  one  volume  of  liaw  Jieports  Id 
connection  with  Judge  Kiehardson,  also  speeelics,  pamphlets,  andi 
rej)ortiJ  relating  to  the  various  ollleial  duties  he  luis  ])erformecl,] 
besides  numerous  literary  addroses.  ]Ie  has  received  the  degree 
of  Doctor  of  Laws  at  the  Wesleyan  University  in  Connecticaf,; 
and  at  Dartmouth  College  in  New  IIam[)shire.  lie  is  al.-o  a  mem- 
ber of  various  literary  societies. 

The  brothers  and  sisters  of  Judge  Woodbury  are  Peter  P,^ 
Woodbury,  M.  I).,  of  l^edl'ord,  X.  II.,  now  Vice-iVesident  of  the; 
New  Hampshire  .Medical  Society;  l^ev.  James  Trask'  Woodljury  of ; 
Acton,  .Ms.,  formerly  an  attornev  ;  Jesse  Woodburv,  ^'i-^q.,  v\ho  re- 
sides on  the  paternid  estate;  Ceorge  Washington  \\'i>odlMnv,  ]M.D,,> 
Ya/oo  county,    .Mississippi  ;    Mrs.    Mary  Howe,  widow  ol    the   late^ 


.' '    i(_    ?    -■-■ .'    )   -   — 

Lu'.ce  Howe,  M.  L)., of  JallVey,  X.  II.;  Mrs.  Anstris  B.  l-^astman,  wife 
of  J  Ion.  X^eherniah  Eastman  of  I'armlngton,  X^  II.,  formerlv  .Mem- 


^  ^ .  .^  J    _ ._j.,  — ..,., ...v^.......^.^.,  ...  -..,   .. — 

line  Dunnelle,  wife  of  Edwin    l'\   Jhmnelle,  Esq.,  of  ])0Sicin,  clerk 
in  the  Custom  House. 

IiriX.  SAMI'KL  .S.  WMl.DE  OF  BOSTON. 

S.vMUF.r.  Sr.M\i:ii  Wii.di:  was  born  in  Tautiton,  Eeb.  o,  1771.  Ilia  ' 
father's  name  was  Daniel,  who  was  born  in  Draiutree  in  171'^,  and 
di(Hl  in  179'2.      His  father,  if  not  born  in  l-iiigland  and  brought  over 
by  his  father  when  a  child,  was  born  in  Braintree. 

The  father  of  the  suljject  of  this  ski'tch,  soon  after  arriving  at  the 
age  of  21,  settled  in  Tavmton,  where  he  continued  luiiil  the  lime  of 
his  death.  He  was  a  farmer  and  a  pious  man,  and  for  many  years 
was  one  of  the  deacons  t)f  the  only  Congregational  Church  then 
in  that  town.  lie  was  very  fond  of  sacretl  music,  and  had  a  line 
voice,  well  cultivated,  and,  for  those  days,  he  had  a  competent 
degree  of  skill  and  knowledge  of  the  science  to  render  him  an 
acceptable  leader  of  the  choir  in  the  church,  and  was  a  leader  long 
before  he  was  chosen  deacon.  In  his  family  devotions  he  always 
read  a  chapter  in  the  Bil)le,  sung  a  hymn  i?i  which  scmuc  of  the 
family  joined,  and  concluded  with  a  prayer.    He  was  twice  married. 


WWniV.     \u    V 


O'''' 


T    M- 


A!      ,•> 


)'-j>'H  ']{■<  :;<f,t'v/ 


'\    ,  •-  .  .     ,  c. 
:ril  ,;   t.i,.i 

i  0      : ;  i  //    .  .  .  ■ 

0 

J,'    ^ 

'■    .•■,l><sv'i    '.,' 
■■'■/,  ^      V       !t 

•I-     vi.'i 

'  1     ' '    • 

;;  !f:  ■',!  :  /ifi 


•  III, 


■■   id 


B17. 


at  the  dijj'crent   CoUvi^-es  in  JVcic  E^'j^land. 


87 


His  first  wife  was  the  duuglilcr  of  Deacon  Siaplcs  of  I'aunton, 
graiKllatlicr  of  ]\Ir.  Staples,  a  lawyer  of  coiij-itlerable  eiiiiiieiice  ia 
New  Yorlc. 

IIm  seeoiul  wife,  iIk.'  mother  of  Satnud  S.,  was  the  only  ehild 
of  Deaeoa  yainuel  Stitniier,  also  of  Taunton.  Dea.  Sluumit  was 
well  educated  for  one  who  had  not  received  a  cojlcirialc  cnair.-e  of 
iiistruelion,  had  a  tasle  lor  study,  and  llK)u^hl  much  of  Ifamim'  and 
Icnriied  men.  lie  died  when  Samuel  S.,  who  was  his  onlv  i^rand- 
pon,  was  two  y<-'ars  old,  and  IjciiueaUied  to  him  a  U^t  ol'  land,  w  liich 
he  aiilhorixed  his  fadier  to  sell,  and  to  exjjend  die  proceeds  in  i:iving 
liiin  a  college  education,  if  he  should,  at  a  projjcr  a^c,  manilc>t  anv 
taste  and  talents,  which  would  ])riilial)ly  render  such  an  cduealion 
useful  to  him.  lie  was  a  warm  Whi<j;  and  a  IVitaid  lo  the  lihcriies 
of  the  people;  and  it  was  [irohably  owing  to  diseu-'-ions  ahout  the 
Stamp  Act  and  odicr  diHicuhics  with  England,  and  his  rellections 
on  the  inalienable  rights  of  man,  that  he  emancipated  a  lemale 
slave,  about  the  year  ITtil)  or  1770.  She,  however,  -always  continued 
in  the  family  upon  wages,  until  her  death.  Dea.  Sumner  was  a 
distant  relation  of  (lov,  Sumner  and  also  of  the  Rev,  I  )r.  Suumer, 
long  the  minister  of  Shrewsl)ury  in  the  county  of  Worcester. 

The  mother  of  Samuel  S.  was  a  most  excellent  woman,  and 
distinguished  for  her  mental  endowments,  piety,  and  zeal  in  the 
cause  of  religion. 

The  sul)ject  of  this  sl<ctcli  fitted  for  college  under  the  direction 
of  Rev.  J-'phraim  Judson,  the  minister  of  Taunton,  and  (Mitered  the 
Sophomore  class  at  Dartmouth  College,  in  J 7^(5,  where  he  gradu- 
ated in  17^0,  lie  read. law  in  'J'annton  with  David  L.  J^arnes, 
Ksq.,  who  was  afterwards  Judgi;  of  the  District  C\»urt  ol'the  I'nited 
Stales  for  the  stale  of  Rhode  Ishmd.  In  Sepiend)er,  17i':i,  In-  was 
admitted  to  the  bar,  and  the  same  year  was  married  to  lOunicc 
Cobb,  a  daughter  of  the  late  (len.  Cobb  of  Taunton.  He  imme- 
diately removed  to  Maine,  and  iirst  commenced  practice  in  Waldo- 
borough  in  the  coimty  of  Lincoln,  where  he  remained  only  two 
years,  and  then  removed  to  the  adjoining  town  of  Warren,  where 
he  resided  five  years,  when,  in  17911,  he  removed  to  llallowell.  He 
represented  the  town  of  Warren  two  years  in  the  House  of  Repre- 
sentatives; but  after  his  renun-al  to  Hallowcll,  he  devoted  himself 
wholly  to  his  profession.  Ilc>  was,  however,  twice  chosen  one  of 
the  Electors  of  President  and  A'ice-President  of  the  United  States, 
and  in  1811:  was  elected  a  State  Counsellor.  He  was  also  one  of 
the  Delegates  to  the  famous  Hartford  Conv<'ntion.  In  June,  1815, 
he  was  appointed  Associate  .lustici'  o[  the  Supreme  Court  of  JMas- 
sachusctts,  which  olfice  he  now  holds.  He  wa.s  a  member  from 
Newburyport  of  the  Convention  for  revising  the  Constitution  of  the 
state,  having  removed  from  Hallowcll  to  that  jilacc  in  1^00.  In 
1831  he  removed  to  Doston,  where  he  still  re>ides. 

The  wife  of  Juilge  Wilde  deceased  .Tune  (i,  1  "-^•Ji").  Their  children 
wer(^  nine,  of  whom  only  four  survive.  'I'lu;  two  ( lde>i  sons  died 
unmarried.     The  eldest  daughter,  I'luniec,  married    Wou.  William 


K<^ 


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V     '•     \',.' 


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i 


8S 


Skrlc/ics  uf  Ahimni 


[Jan/'^ 


Fiinmons  of  AnLjus'.a,  ?*!('.,  a  son  of  Vu-\.  Dr.  I'liinioiis  of  I'l-anKlii), 
i\l.s.  S!ic  died  ill  IH-.M,  li-aviiiL,'  iwo  daiiylilcrs,  one  of  w  lioiii  liun 
since  dee(;ased,  and  llie  ollu-r  is  the  wile  of  \{v\\  Mr.  'J'a])|)an  of 
JI  ui!|)i|t'ii,  Me.,  son  of  ]''\'.  J  )r.  Tappari  <■{  Au^'iisla,  Me.  The  >', 
t^eeond  dau^llIer,  MIeanor  J]|■■ldi^ll,  married  1.  W.  Mt-Hcii,  ]^-^q., 
t^on  of  Ri!V.  Afr.  .Mdleii  of  Canilaidm'.  Tliey  are  hi;lli  dead.  Mrs. 
MelK'ii  died  in  ?dareli,  1"^:]^,  leaving  lliree  children.  'i'lie  third 
dau'^liler,  Caroline,  married  Ifon.  Cah-lj  Cn.-liini^  of  Xewljiirvport, 
undtlied  in  \^'-Vl.  'I'lic  clde:-t  f^in'viviiig  scui,  Cleorge  Cobb,  Esq., 
an  alU)riiey  at  law,  is  Clerk  of  ihe  Courlr^  in  SuHulk  coiinly,  iu 
married,  and  has  two  children,  '['he  second  t^urvivini,'  son,  Henry 
Jackson,  is  inarrii'd,  and  has  two  children,  and  is  now  m  liled  ill 
A\'ashinglon,  .1).  C.  'J'hc  young<'st  son  is  nninarried.  'J"he  only 
surviving  danghler  was  first  married  to  J'^-ederiek  W.  J)oanc  of 
Boston,  and  is  now  the  wife  of  Kobi-rt  Fark'V,  idso  of  Boston. 

Judg(!  Wilde  has  Ijcen  in  his  presc^nl  ollice  nearly  thirly-two  years, 
a  longer  lime  it  is  believed  than  any  individual  ever  held  that  olhce 
before, ^^  and  his  judicial  career  has  uniforiuly  been  characterized 
by  Icgul  learning  and  stern  integrity.  Ifis  personal  character  is 
marked  by  uncommon  frankne>s  and  great  simplicity  of  maniUTS. 

He  has  received  the  degree  of  Doctor  of  Laws  from  Bowdoln 
and  Harvard  C\)l!ege>.  and  he  is  als*)  a  ^Tember  of  the  American 
Academy  of  Arts  and  ^?L■iences,  and  some  other  literary  associations. 

xatiiaxii;l  wright,  esq,  of  Cincinnati,  oiiio. 

Nathamki,  WimiiiT  was  born  Jan.  2S,  17S0,  in  the  oast  parish 
of  Hanover,  N.  H.  The  family  residence  was  on  the  highlands 
ndjoiniiig  the  western  base  of  Moose  mountain,  over  which  his 
father's  farm  extended.  From  some  of  the  fields  can  be  scon, 
spread  out  in  the  distance,  nearly  half  the  state  of  \'ermont,  rising 
ill  regular  gradation  from  the  Connecticut  river,  with  every  variety 
of  cottage,  field,  woodland,  and  hill,  to  the  summits  of  the  Green 
IMounlains,  Killinglon  Peak,  and  Camel's  J\unjp,  in  the  distant  hori- 
zon. His  parents,  Xalhanicl  Wright  and  Mary  Page,  were  originally 
from  Coventry  in  the  state  of  Comiecticut.  U'he  name  of  liis  pa- 
ternal grandfather  was  the  same  with  that  of  his  father;  but  we  are 
not  able  to  trace  l)ack  the  genealogy  iurther.  They  were  all  farmers 
by  occupation.  His  fithcr  was  one  of  the  first  settlers  of  Hanover, 
and  took  possession  of  his  farm  there,  wliile  it  was  a  ])crfect  wilder- 
ness, the  occupancy  of  which  he  had  to  contest  willi  wild  beasts. 
The  sylvan  adventures  of  that  ])eriod  were,  no  doubt,  the  topic  of 
many  a  fireside  tale  of  his  childhood.  His  mother  was  si>ter  of 
the  father  of  Harlan  Page,  distinguished  for  his  active  piety,  and  of 
tract-disiributlou  memory. 

Mr.  Wright  began  fitting  for  college  in  ISOG.  The  larger  part 
of  his  ])rej)aralory  studies  were  with    the    llcv.  Etleii  Burroughs, 

*  Jik1';('  Boniamiii  Lviule  \va?  on  itie  bench  at'out  the  ?amc  lentrth  of  time,  from  1710  to 
1711.      -  J  • 


■.'.ti'.WU.  .     'i 


/  ■     J    ■' 


I,    .(, 


•..''{' 


r.  ■■,.ili(,i  'ir 


-I  '< 


I     i>  :v:     ..'/i 


'■;i 


'?         .',    i.."'1' 


li!  .  '.    .11.1    i;i    J^.ii 


.,'  i;-t. 


.  'v:     •-■■<    -  '■.;  t    /  'ti-i  .    i'l.j.   ;   ■■.■  , 

!  'i  //       :\7    :  ■■•Mr:o  ^;.    '     .1    r  ;f    f'   :  'v     '' '   / 


'!;:(!  \. 


>>-/"..  ■!: 


,fi''  V"    ; ■ 'n "■' ■■''• '  ■:'.'  ;»'■  '•*•<» 


1817.]  (d  Ihc  different   Col/r^-cs  i>i   Xnv  K,i-Iand. 


89 


1).  1).,  the  parish  miiiisIiT,  Km^'  (Mm;  of  llic  'J'nislt'cs  of  Darlinouili 
College,  and  celel)ratcci  as  ilie  lailicr  of  ihc  notorious  Sirphrn 
■  IJiirronglis,  who  died  in  Canada,  a  Catholic  priest.  J!e  entered  the 
Freshintin  clas.s  of  Darlnioulh  College  at  the  eoinineneriin-m  ul' 
1^07,  and  graduateii  in  ISI  1.  Afii'r  grathialing,  lie  spent  ihrfc  years 
or  more  in  teaching,  being  i)art  ol'  that  time  in  charge  of  the  Porl- 
l;uid  Aeadcniy,  .Maine,  and  i)ar1  of  the  time  in  charge  of  a  select 
I'lass  of  lioys  in  the  same  place;  and  licgan  there  the  stndv  of 
hiw.  Mil  then  spent  a  year  as  private  tutor  in  a  family  in  \'ir- 
giiiia,  reading  law  in  the  mean  time,  and  was  admitted  to  the  bar 
ill  that  state.  In  July,  lt'L7,  he  went  to  Cincinnati,  where,  after 
spending  some  lime  in  an  oliice  to  familiarize  himself  with  local 
l)ractiee,  he  was  admitted  to  the  bar  in  November,  l'^i7,  and  com- 
menced the  practice  in  1818.  For  a  few  years,  he  jiraeliscd  in  the 
Federal  Courts,  and  in  dillerent  jiarts  of  (he  state;  but  finding  the 
city  practice  the  most  profitable,  as  well  ad  most  pleasant,  he  soon 
confined  himself  to  that,  and  continued  it  with  so  much  labor  and 
assiduity,  that,  in  l^oiJ  and  1^10,  he  found  his  health  giving  way 
under  the  eflects  of  it,  and  in  the  latter  year,  withdrew  from  the 
practice.  01  his  success  in  the  practice,  he  has  had  no  reason  to 
complain.  And  in  talents  and  legal  acquirements,  he  has  ranked 
with  the  first  in  the  stale. 

lie  has  been  solicited  at  dillerent  times  to  become  a  candidate 
forjudge  of  the  Supreme  Court  of  Ohio,  and  for  .Member  of  Con- 
gress; but  has  uniformly  refused  all  nominations  for  political  oilice, 
jireferring  a  private  life  to  all  others. 

In  April,  1S"30,  he  married  Caroline  Augusta  Thew,  a  niece  of 
the  Hon.  .Jacob  Burnet  of  Cincinnati.  ]fer  mother  was  a  daughter 
of  Dr.  William  Ikirnet  of  Newark,  N.  J.,  a  surgeon  in  the  army 
in  the  Revolutionary  war,  and  a  man  of  distinction  in  that  state. 
Her  parents  being  both  dead,  slii>  w<Mit  from  Newark  to  Ciiicinnaii 
with  Judge  Burnet's  family,  in  IM'j. 

The  children  of  these  parents  are  eight  in  number:  Mary  Thew, 
Caroline  Augu-<ta,  Daniel  Thew,  T-'li/a  Burnet,  Augusta  Caroliiu-, 
Louisa,  Nathaniel,  and  William  Burnet.  Of  these,  Caroline  Au- 
gusta and  Augusta  Caroline  died,  the  former  at  live,  the  latter  at 
•three  years  of  age. 

Mr.  Wright  has  publishetl  nothing,  that  can  properlv  be  called  a 
book;  yet  many  of  his  writings  have  ai)peared  in  public  print  in 
various  forms.  His  name  appcais  at  the  head  of  some  important 
argarnents  in  the  Law  Reports  of  Ohio,  during  the  period  of  his 
practice  ;  and  some  of  his  occa>ion;il  addresses  have  been  printed. 
In  early  life,  he  was  a  lover  o(  poetry,  and  not  unfreiiuently 
attempted  to  honor  the  .Aluses ;  and  thi-  he  ditl  'always  with 
applause. 

When   Mr.  Wright  went  to  Cincinnati,  then    having   five  or  six 

thousand   inhabitants,  he  sat  down   patiently  with  the  young  at  the 

foot  of  the   bar,  went  on  through  a  generation  of  the  profession,  till 

he  stood  at  its  head  ;  and  saw  the  city  irro\\-n  up  to  a  population  of 

G 


M-.    J       '    ...' 


..■r.;.\.    ^M   ^, 


O      •/    1.   .  :> 


'^^ 


.:  '^1 


■I 


e 


I..       ;Wiri('.         J/ 


90 


S/:cfc/irs  of  Alumni 


[Jan;i 


^0,000,  liimsclf  staiiiling  amoiiii;  a  few  old  rcspcclablc  inhabitants, 
easy  ill  circnmslancivs,  with  a  very  happy  Tamily  annind  him,  and 
higlily  irspeclcil  by  ihr  coininuuity. — The  hilc  l{cv.  Chester  Wri^^lif, 
a  ;Ljracluatc  at  Middlebury  Cullt'ijc  in  ISUO,  and  of  MontpelitT, 
\'t.,  wab  his  hall'-brodicr. 


no:..  WILLIAM  D.  WILLL\MSOX  OF  BANGOR,  ME. 

Wir. 1,1AM  DiRKi:n  Wimjamsox  is  s^nppo^^cd  to  be  a  descendant,'- 
ill  the  sixth  generation,  of  one  who  was  among  the  carlie.-l  scttlera  >J 
in    the    IMymonth  Cohiny.     For   as   the  Annalist   tells   us,*   when 
(Jov.    Winslow    went    to    make    his    first    treaty    with    Massasoif,  ,'J 
."March  'i'?,  j(i-.'l,  he  was  preceded  by  "  Captain'  Slandlsh  and  Mr. 
Wi/lia/iison,''^  and  attended   by  a  lile  of  "  musketeers,"     Nothing 
farther  appears,  in  the  ])rinted  narratives  of  tliose  times,  concerning  J 
the  man  last  mentioned  ;  nor  is  there  any  positive  knowledge  of  his  '^ 
immediate  posterity  ;  though  it  is  a  report  of  tradition,  that  one  of    | 
his  name   had  command   of  a  con.ipaiiy   in   King  Philip's  war,  in  ^.■^ 
lG7o-G,  who  might  have  been  his  son.    l]ut,  however  this  may  have' 
been,  certain  it  is,  that  men  of  his  name  in  succeeding  generations  '^ 
have  exhibited  a  predilection  for  military  tactics;  and  that  in  Major 
Benjamin  Chnrcli's  tifth   expedition  eastward,  1704,  Captain  Caleb  I 
Williamson  commanded  a  company  of  volunteers  from  Plymouth   | 
Colony,     lie   had   one  brother,  whose  name  was  George,  and  the 
place  o{  their  residence  was  ITarwich,  in  the  county  of  Barnstable. 
It  is  said  there  was  another  of  the  family,  or  kindred,  |)erhaps  a 
brother,  by  the  name  of  Samuel,  wlio  settled  at  Hartford  in  Con- 
necticut, but  as  he  left  no  son,  his  name  at  his  death   sank  into 
oblivion. 

George  "Williamson,  above  named,  married,  at  Harwich,  the 
daughter  of  a  Mr.  Crisp ;  and  they  had  two  sons,  George  and 
Caleb,  and  five  daughters.  The  elder  son  was  murdered  by  a 
highwayman,  and  left  no  child  ;  the  younger,  born  at  that  place, 
171(5,  married  Sarah  Ransom,  and  settled  at  IMiddleborouizh  in  the 
county  of  Plymouth  ;  whose  cliildrcn  were  six  sons  and  three 
daughters.  Though  five  of  the  sons  were  married,  only  two  of  them, 
Caleb  and  George,  left  issue.  The  latter,  being  the  llfth  son,  born  in 
1751,  who  was  the  father  of  the  subject  of  this  sketch,  removed" 
with  his  father's  family  at  the  commencement  of  the  Pvcvolutionary 
war,  to  Canterbury,  Ct.,  and  married  IMary  Foster  of  that  place,  a 
niece  of  Rev.  Jacob  Foster,  formerlv  a  minister  of  Berwick,  I\Ie. 
Their  children  were  four  sons  and  four  daughters.  The  sons  are 
William  D.,  the  subject  of  this  sketch  ;  George,  a  farmer  at  Pittston ; 
and  Joseph,  a  lawyer  at  Belfast,  a  graduate  at  A'"crmont  Universily, 
and  President  of  the  Senate,  in  tlu-  JiCgislature  of  .Alaine.  Their 
father  was  a  soldier  in  the  Revolution,  and  a  captain  of  artillery, 
some  years  after  the  peace.     ]n  J7!>:5,  lie  ri-nioved  from  Canterbury, 


*  S<^e  rrince's  Annnl?,  101.  —  Pnrclias'  Tilgriinf,  B.  X  chap.  1.  —  Vol.  VIII.  Coll.  Mass 
Hist.  Soc,  22^.  ' 


I  ,  ; '  1 1  '     , 


.i'V*', 


r.    .  ..  .<!■.. 


■i  -- .;  i;    .  ■  > 


H17.]  at  the  (liffcrcHt   Co/!(\i^'-rs  in  New  Kui:;l<ind.  9i 

whore  his  sons  were  born,  to    Amljcrsl,    Ms.,  and  finally  cli<-d  al 
BaiiiJ^or,  in  1^:2:2,  aged  GS  years. 

William  1).,  his  eldest  son,  entered  Williams  College,  in  1^00; 
hut  finished  Iiis  studies  al  Brown  University,  R.  L,  wliere  he  was 
graduated  in  1801.  As  his  father  was  a  farmer  in  moderate 
(Mrcumslances,  and  himself  the  eldest  of  eight  ehildrcn,  he  was 
q  under  the  necessity  of  teaching  a  school  several  winters,  to  defray 
I  his  college  expenses.  Jle  read  law  with  lion.  S.  F.  Dickinson  of 
Amherst,  till  the  spring  of  18U7,  when  he  took  up  his  residence  in 
Bangor,  INIe.,  where  he  completed  his  professional  studies  with  J. 
McGaw,  Esq.,  being  admitted  to  the  bar  in  November  of  that 
year.  Jan.  14,  ISOS,  he  was  commissioned  by  Gov.  Sullivaii 
|-  Attorney  for  the  county  of  llancock,  an  oJiice  held  bv  him  about 
I  eight  years,  when  the  county  was  divided.  In  ISIG,  he'was  elected 
y;  to  the  Senate  of  Massachusetts,  Maine  being  then  a  i)an  of  the 
Commonwealth  ;  and  received  successive  elections,  till  the  separa- 
tion in  18:20.  Though  as  a  political  man,  his  sentiments  were  of 
a  democratic  character,  adverse  to  the  majority  in  each  of  the  legis- 
lative branches,  he  was  Chairman  of  tlie  Ccjinmiitee  of  ]']aslern 
Lands,  three  years,  lie  was  Tresident  of  the  first  Senate  in  the 
new  state  of  Alainc  ;  and  tlie  apj)ointrijent  of  Gov.  King  as  a  Com- 
missioner on  the  Spanish  Claims,  brouglit  him  into  the  Executive 
Cliair,  about  six  montlis  of  the  poliiical  year.  In  the  meantime,  he 
was  elected  a  Member  of  Congress.  'After  he  left  the  field  of 
legislation  he  was  a]i[)oinled  a  Judge-  of  Probate  for  his  county,  a 
Justice  of  Peace  through  the  state,  and  President  of  Bangor  Bank. 
Judge  Williamson  was  thriee  married,  lie  was  first  coimccted  in 
marriage  with  J.  .M,  Rice,  an  orphan,  the  niece  of  Gen.  Montague 
of  Amherst,  whose  home  was  hers.  Eive  children  were  the  fruits 
of  this  marriage,  one  of  whom,  an  only  son,  a  promising  youth, 
died  in  183:2,  at  the  close  of  his  Junior 'year  in  Bowdoin  College. 
Ilis  second  wile  was  the  eldest  daughter  of  Judge  Phinehas  White 
of  Putney,  Vt.,  and  his  third  was  the  only  surviving  daughter  of 
the  late  E.  I^iierson,  Esq.,  York,  Me. 

Judge  AVilliamson  was  fond  of  literary  j)ursuits  generally,  but 
particularly  of  historical  research.  lie  \vrotc  and  published  a 
number  of  articles  on  various  subjects,  in  dilTerent  periodicals.  His 
great  work,  however,  which  cost  him  many  years  of  labor,  was  liis 
History  of  Maine,  in  two  large  octavo  volumes.  lie  died  May  27, 
184G. 

THE  FATHERS  OF  NEW  ENGLAND. 

"  Tlicy  llliL"  Fath(;rs  of  N\  E.]  wen?  mostly  moii  of  gooil  estates  and  families, 
of  liberal  eJiieatluii,  and  of  hir;j;e  experienee  ;  hnt  they  cliieliy  excelled  in  [)iety 
I  to  God,  in  zeal  foi'  the  jinrily  of  his  worship,  reverence  for  lii.s  ^durious  name, 
S  and  strict  observance  ol  liis  holy  Sabbaths  ;  in  their  respect  and  maintenance  ol" 
^  an  unblemished  ministry;  the  spread  of  knowledge,  learning',  good  order,  and 
I  quiet  through  the  land,  a  reign  o\  righteousness,  an^l  the  welfare^ of  this  people  ; 
I  and  the  making  ami  executing  wholesome  laws  for  all  these  blessed  ends."'  — 
f      Rev.  Thomas  Princess  Election  Sermon,  1130. 


.Hi,^'-vV\    rx^f:    5>>   ^'■— ^-'^'   ^u'>\-- 


'■•^!i>;t   ;ni' 


-.;?'. 


•? 


•^1 


. ..i    r;   :s<  :■ 


t:   -i] 


t'  ,  i  ' 


( ,.  .^      ... 


92 


Gov.  ITincklei/'s   Verses  on  the 


GOVERNOR      HINCKLEY'S     VERSES     ON     THE     DFATl 
OF    HIS    SECOND    CONSORT.  ' 

(Thomas  Hinckley  wns  the  Inst  Governor  of  the  rivmoiiih  Colonv  ,x-y,\.\.  ^n-       i,    u 
except  ilunng  the  interruption  In-  Andros.  from    o4  i.?  n  r    !lo    n\'i  ,  *''^'"  '"'.'!* 

to  the  Massachusetis  colony.     IJe  %vi,s  a  man  of  w,  h1  '  ^      "ru''^)  n  °''*"y  '''"    °"" 

posed  \,y  hin.  on  ihe  dca.h^of  1  >  so  o.fd    ""e  a^TcC.  .,?!  r^'^  ^'-     ^^?-  '^^'""^"'f''  ''""•«"  , 
'S-X^^  ''--  I'nnce,  .h.J^'i-^n;'\L'poLe"  -c;^  Jf  [he  Ili-O^jJ? 


New  K 


?« 


ibiii 


and  of  some  of  the  de;cend-  nis  ol^he    ,n,  r     '^'''7'^^"  ^"o"^"^  -l^^'ice  and  Gov.  H; 
poetic  eflusion  ""^^^•^'"^''"'^  ^'  «''«  '-itlt-T,  Jnay  be  appropriate  as  an  imrodaction  to 

a.ol^^c^Uabl^'lll^Se/bJ'L.Sr^'i^ii^^r^,-^^  ^-ce  has  recorded  a  gen,^ 

Prince,  Esq.,  of  Sandwich,  who  was  the  o^o/T  I  ?i^' P  "the  fourth  son  of  Samuel 
and  settled  first  at  Waiertovvn  and  aft  r^vn?U  .  n  m  "u'"  ^""'"f'''  ^'"'^^  '^^"'^  over  in  1633. 
Prince  of  East  Shellhrd   in  BeSifre   I^^^"^*^'^^^^^  who  was  the  eldest  son  of  Rev.  Joh« 

in  the  University  of  U.xford  and   va^one    flh  .  I,,   f'  "'^  ''onorable  parents,  educated 

who  ui  part  cunformai"  "'^  ^  ""'^"  ministers  of  the  Church  of  England 

J':^:;  ^^.:^':,^:^^t''Pr'  I^^q. -arned  i„  l^,  ^r  his  second' 

They  had  ten  childrenVna,LMvThomrs^M7rv^  "t'"'^'''^^^^  '''^  ^^^""'^  ^^fe-*' 

Alice,  Benjamin  ^ '  *'  ^'^'''y'  ^""'^'''  •^°'^"'  ■^•^'^eph,  Moses,  Nathan,  Mercy 

GoJlnrGill""'  ''''°"'  ^^""y-     ^"^  «'■"-••  'l-o'"-^  l^-ame  the  wife  of  Lieut, 
Mary  married  the  Rev.  Peter  Tliatcher 

ciS;:^5^o[rn,,'rirronvmi'^^Sr'^:;;N/?r  "^ir^r^  ^r^^'  °^'^«  ^-• 

Boston,  of  whom  we  Imve'obtmncTthl^rcll^of^""^^^^^^^^^^^^^  °^  ^'"  ^'''-  ^^^"'"^  ^^^'^^'-^ 


Of"-: 


Pity  me  0  my  friends  and  for  me  Pray 

I  o  him  y«  can  supply  wliat  's  taken  away. 

a^lv  crown  is  fallen  from  my  Head,  and  wo,    '. 

VVo  unto  me  y'  I  have  sinned  so 

As  to  provoke  y"  Lord  to  show  such  Ire 

U"  I  deserve  'gainst  me  should  burn  like  Fire 

Ood  righteous  is  in  all  yt  He  hath  done 

lea  good  in  lending  Her  to  me  so  lon^ 

A  Blessing  rich  Furti/  thee  years  and  more-     '  ' 

rlfn  r""^'!"^  ^°  '*^'<^  improved  such  store 

VI  Gifts  and  Grace  wherewith  she  was  endu'd 

1  might  in  Grace  have  also  much  improv'd 

How  prompt  m  heavenly  Discourse  was  she 

1  hat  to  her  own  and  others  good  mi^ht  be  '  ' 

Out  of  her  stoie  came  things  both  new  and  old 

Wi'she  had  read,  or  thought,  or  had  been  told 

How  great  my  Bond  to  God  in  Thankfulness. 

!■  or  such  a  Gift,  for  all  my  worthlessness. 

I  he  only  child  har  graciuus  mother  bare, 
Obtain'd  of  God  as  a  Return  of  Piayer- 
For  w''she  with  her  Friends  employ'd  a  Day 
In  private,  and  soon  found  it  good  to  prav 
Unto  y«  God  of  Nature  and  of  Grace 
Who  thus  approv'd  their  seeking  of  his  Face 
In  forming  this  fair  child  to  shew  his  Praise' 
Endowed  with  virtues  in  her  early  Days 
Wi'  grew  and  shine'd  in  young  and  riper  a'^e 
And  to  her  Maker's  Praise  did  much  en-a,Te' 
All  those  w"  knew  Her  both  of  late  and  old 
And  prove'd  as  diverse  godly  wise  foietold  ' 
She  by  her  wisdom  built  y"  House  and  by 

rJi^V  P"""""''.'  of'SSamuel  and  Mercy  Prince,  belonginsr  to  the  Rev  Vr  nohl.i 
ranly  d,-posiled  in  the  rooms  of  ihe  Massacliuse.ls  Hu.orfcal  Soci"y.' 


'*?l 


'j'^% 


ns,  have  been  tempo 


sA\   t«q  "!l^«.*t'"5     -iAvO-'.-w 


T     V..; 


J    0- 


1847. 


Death  of  his  Second  Consort, 


93 


Her  prudent  care  kept  all  in  such  a  way 

Ami  in  such  order,  so  as  nought  might  be 

A  Let  to  worship  in  the  Family 

Or  cause  Distraction  on  God's  holy  day. 

Yea  both  at  Mom  and  even,  as  was  need 

She  did  in  Ihnschold-worahip  always  lead 

Her  Family,  while  in  her  widow-stat;;, 

And  in  my  absence  since  she  was  my  mate. 

\Vhose  good  example  may  rebuke  all  Those 

Who  slight  this  Duty  and  Themselves  expose 

Unto  y'  wrath  of  Cod  v.'^  hangs  o'er  all 

Those  Familes  w''on  Ilim  do  not  call. 

To  rise  up  very  early  was  her  way. 

Enter  her  closet  strait,  to  read  and  pray 

Anrl  then  to  call  and  raise  her  Family, 

And  liv'd  to  see  a  Blessing  threat  upon 

Her  Prayers  and  prudent  Education 

Of  children  such  a  number  for  y^  Lord, 

Under  his  gracious  covenant  and  word, 

That  now  may  say,  I  am,  thro  grace  divine, 

Thy  Servant,  Daughter,  Son,  of  Handmaid  thine. 

She  highly  prized  a  Gospel  Ministry, 
For  its  support  was  an  example  high, 
And  while  a  widow  chose  y"^  town  shou'd  say 
M'hat  was  her  Part  lest  self  from  Right  shou'd  sway 
And  allways  gave  more  than  her  Rate  away, 
Yea  ever  first  wou'd  pay  t/iot  pious  cIm, 
Then  other  Debts,  and  on  the  Residue 
Wou'd  wisely  live  and  help  y^  Poor  she  knew 
Nor  ever  any  want  she  found  tliereby, 
And  counselled  her  Friends  y'^  like  to  try: 
But  if  they  wou'd  till  last  let  That  alone. 
They  wou'd  find  nought  to  pay't,  all  wou'd  be  gone: 
Which  some  have  try'd,  and  found  what  she  said  True, 
And  so  God  was  not  robbed  of  his  Due. 

As  by  God's  Grace  she  Vivcd  piously 
So  by  the  same  she  lived  righteously  : 
Chusing  y'  she  and  hers  might  wrongs  receiv. 
Than  even  y^  least  to  others  give : 
Allways  a  Pattern  of  Sobriety, 
Week,  lowly,  peaceful),  prone  to  charity 
And  freely  given  to  Hospitality, 
Behaved  wisely  in  a  perfect  way. 
Both  in  y'=  brightest  and  y*^  darkest  Day. 
She  came  in  nothing  short  with  count  of  many 
Of  highest  Praise  of  Tongue  or  Pen  of  any. 

Great  cause  we  have  of  pious  Thankfullness; 
For  that  tho  sharpest  Pains  did  her  distress 
For  six  weeks  allmost  constantly,  y"  she 
Could  take  no  Rest  nor  in  y*  night  nor  Day^ 
Yet  God  preserv'd  her  mind  and  senses  clear. 
With  exercise  of  Grace,  y'  we  cou'd  hear 
Not  the  least  murmuring  nor  impatient  word, 
But  meek  submission  to  y  Sovereign  Lord: 
Full  of  heart-melting  Prayer  and  savoury  words 
Which  Joy  and  wonderment  to  all  atTords 
Wiiose  Hearts  were  mov'd  to  leav  their  Homes  and  see 
And  help  Her  in  her  great  extremity. 

Her  last  words  were,  come  dear  Lord  Jcius,  come 
J}nd  take  me  quickly  to  thy  Bosom  home: 
And  in  few  minutes  liad  her  Soul's  Desire 
With  Him  whom  she  did  love  with  Heart  intire. 
Death  was  no  Terrour  unto  Her  nor  Fear, 
No  Ghastliness  did  in  her  Face  appear: 
But  sweet  composure  in  her  Life  and  Death 
When  her  dear  soul  she  in  her  final  Breath 
Resigned  to  Him  Avhom  she  beheld  in  Faith: 


.vs'l 


ri  of 


;.I--ff 


94 


Gov.  ITincldeij^s   Verses  on  the 


[Jal 


Whoso  own  she  was  and  with  Ilim  long'd  to  be 
Where  she  is  free  from  sin  and  misery  : 
She  enter'd  into  perfect,  endless  Rest, 
And  with  y"  blest  above  is  ever  blest. 

So  that  we  have  no  reason  to  repine 
But  thankfully  and  humbly  to  resign 
To  his  most  wise  and  rij^hteous  hand  therein 
Nor  mourn  for  Her  in  Plenitude  of  Joy, 
But  for  ourselves  whom  evils  still  annoy. 
As  a  great  Loss  to  all,  y«  wisest  deem, 
Tlien  sure  to  me  and  mine  a  Loss  extream;   . 
Now  she  has  left  the  gap,  is  made  a  way 
For  evils  to  bear  on  us  every  Day: 
W'our  Iniquities  deserved  nave, 
Unless  ys  Lord  please,  as  I  humbly  crave, 
To  give  Repentance  and  Remission  free 
Of  all  our  sins;  of  mine  especially, 
JMy  great  Defects  in  point  of  gratitude 
In  prizing  and  improving  such  a  good : 
W'  as  a  sccoiui  miracle  of  grace. 
After  the  first  who  no  less  Pious  was 
And  lovely  consoii.     Both  free  gifts  most  rare 
And  Both  in  answer  unto  humble  Prayer. 

As  soon  as  I  my  will  resigned  so 
To  God,  as  to  be  free  y'  he  shou'd  do 
As  most  for  his  own  glory  he  shou'd  see; 
Then  did  their  several  Relatives  agree 
To  say,  They  had  oppos'd  our  match  so  long, 
They  neither  dared  nor  wou'd  it  more  prolong: 
W^  was  so  far  above  all  expectation 
As  made  us  to  admire  the  Dispensation. 

Yet  that  such  wondrous  works  I  cou'd  forget, 
Does  my  Oflences  greatly  aggravete: 
Which  has  so  much  dishonored  his  Name 
As  justly  may  me  fill  with  grief  and  shame 
And  oh  y'  by  his  grace  enabling  me, 
I  may  with  Hate,  yea  self-abhorrency 
Turn  from  all  sin  and  unto  Jesus  flee 
Whose  meritorious  and  precious  blood 
Can  clease  from  sin  and  reconcile  to  God. 

0  may  He  be  most  highly  priz'd  by  me 
And  as  most  precious  may  embraced  be. 
May  I  to  Him  eternally  be  join'd 
And  in  Him  Rest  and  Satisfaction  find: 
By  his  good  Spirit's  mighty  energy 
My  Heart  be  purg'd  from  all  Impurity, 
And  filled  with  all  grace  and  sanctity ; 
Awakened  out  of  all  my  drowzy  Frames 
Raised  up  to  lively,  heavenly  views  and  aims, 
Ever  composed,  humble,  watchful  be, 
Especially  upon  God's  holy  Day, 
And  when  I  read,  hear,  meditate  and  pray. 
In  holy  Duties  never  slightly  be; 
As  if  to  approach  y''  glorious  majesty 
Of  God,  a  light  and  trifling  thing  it  were; 
But  ever  look  and  speak  to  him  with  Fear : 
May  bring  forth  much  good  Fruit  in  my  last  Days, 
Living  and  doing  more  unto  his  Praise  : 
Gaining  much  profit  by  our  Father's  Rod, 
Who  can  make  all  work  our  eternal  good. 

For  all  which  mercies  great  I  beg  y*^  Prayers 
Of  all  svho  see  these  drops  of  aged  Tears, 
That  I  and  mine  may  by  his  mighty  Hand 
Be  kept  thro  Faith  unto  Salvation,  and 
That  we  may  neither  slack  or  slothful  be, 
But  follow  Her  and  that  blest  company, 
Who  thro'  their  faith  and  patience  now  possess 


«:«'>*>"■.■» 


1847. 


Death  of  his  Second  Consort. 


95 


The  full  completion  of  the  Promises, 
And  we  may  fitted  be  at  Deiuh  to  say, ") 
Lord  Jegug  come  and  take  m  quick  away,  V 
To  be  with  Thee  unto  eternal  aye  I  J 

Alflicted  and  distressed,  but  thro  rich 

undeserved  mercy  not  wholly  forsaken, 

T.  HINCKLEY.         irtalisS3. 

The  following  is  an  extract  from  one  of  the  manuscript  volumes  of  the  Rev.  Mr.  Prince: 

"  She  [Mrs.  ilinckley]  wiis  y»  only  clulJ  of  M'  Quarler-inajlcr  Smith  \>y  his  1"  wife,  for- 
merly of  Lancashire  in  Kni;luiid  and  alicrward  vC  Duichbster  in  New  ]Cn"htnil. 

Iler  Father  liad  been  a  Quaner-nia>ter  in  y^  army  of  y*  Netherlands  :  her  inothrr  a  gentle- 
woman of  a  creditable  Family  and  of  eminent  natur.d  Powers,  Piety  and  ac(|uir"d  acromiili-h- 
menls.  Of  them  this  M™  lltnekhy  was  IJorn  in  Jjniira^hire  in  Eii^huid  in  liV(l).  Her 
Parents  hving  undf  y"  ministry  of  y-"  Ilev.  M'  liicluird  I\Lither  at  Toxleth  in  that  sliire  ;  they 
came  up  and  liroiiKhl  Her  w''Mheni  to  Bristol  in  order  fur  A'.  Zi.  in  April  IG^t.'i:  young  ^I'■ 
Nathauitl  a  son  of  y*  sd  M'  Mallier  being  carried  on  One  side  a  Horse  in  a  Pannier  and 
tliis  young  M"  Mary  on  y*  other  :  as  I  have  ot'len  heard  her  sav. 

Way  2J,  VM  ;  She  with  her  father  and  mother,  y^  sd  Kev.  M'  Richard  Mather  and  wife, 
y'sons  Simtiel  and  Xitthaiiiel,  M'  Juiuithan  Mitrhtll  then  abuul  U  years  of  age,  vVc.  set 
6ail  from  Bristol.  In  ye  night  between  Aug.  11  and  L5  coming  on  y^  A'.  E  coast  y''  arose  an 
extreain  Hurricane,  w^in  yy  w^  in  y'=  utmost  Danger  and  wondrously  delivereil  (-eeyacct 
in  y*  Life  of  y«  sd  iNP  liichard  I\Iathrr  in  y^'  Magimlia)  and  on  Aug.  17  arrived  at  lio'Hoii^ 

Iler  Father  and  others  settling  at  Dorchester  and  a  new  chh  gath<l  There  Aug.  'Si,  ll'>.'JC,  y* 
»d  M"'  Kirhard  Mather  became  y'  Teacher  :  under  w"  ministry  she  liv'd,  unless  w"  sent  to 
school  at  Boston,  W  she  enjoy'o  M^   Wil-^ou  and  Cotton's  ministry. 

In  she  married  to   ^P  Naihun'  Gloctr  a  son  of  y'-'    lion''  John  Glover  esq:   of  sd 

Dorchester  by  w'"  she  had  Nathanml  and  A)ni.  And  then  this  Husband  Hyinur,  she 
remained  a  widdow  till  w"  slie  married  y^'  Hon'''  IViomas  Him/.lry  IJsi).  of  Bmisinhle; 
whither  she  removed  and  had  by  Iliin  ]\[ercy,  Erjierieiice,  John,  Abigail.  Thaiiklidl,  KheH- 
czer  and  Reliance:  w°  all  grew  no  and  married  ;  and  all  but  Khciiezer  before  she  died. 

At  Birnstable  she  to  y«  l3ay  ol  her  Ileath  appeard  and  shone  in  y<=  eyes  of  all,  as  y*  love- 
liest and  brightest  woman  for  Beauty,  Knowledg,  wisdom,  majesty,  aeconiplishme'nls  and 
traces  lhroii;:houl  y^  colony,  and  there  her  f^'  sou  A'ir/<««if/ marrietl  to  Ihn/iah  a  D"  of  sd 
AP  Hincklv,  by  his  form'  wf : 

Her  sd  tt^  Ann  married  to  M'  fV'"  Raifsoyi  a  son  of  AP  secretary  Ratpson  secretary  of 
■V«  Massachusetts  colony.  Her  D^  Mrrcy.  to  M'  S^muul  I'n'nce  of  Snulineh:  Krpenenee  to 
Mf  James  Whijiple  o{  Barnstable:  her  son  John  to  M" Trott  of  Dorchester:  her  Daugh- 
ter A/'4n(i7  to  y<^  Rev.  AP  Joscidl  Lord  1*'  of  Dorchester  in  Snah  Carolina,  aUrwd  of  Cliat- 
ham,  o"n  Cape  Cod:  Thank-fun  lo  y"  Rev.  M'  Krperience  Mayhem  of  Martha's  Vineyard: 
Reliaiue  to  yo  Rev.  I\P  Nathaniel  Stone  of  Ifirwich  :  and  after  the  Decease  of  Herself  and 
Husband  yf  son  Khentzer  to  M"  Slonc  of  Sndhury." 

Mrs.  Iluickley  died  July  20,  17U3,  in  the  TJrd  year  of  her  age. 


BIOGRAPHICAL    NOTICES    OF   PHYSICIANS    IN    KINGS- 
TON, N.  11. 

The  first  rhyslcian  of  Kingston  of  whom  we  have  any  definite  account,  was 
a  Dr.  Green,  who  died  some  time  in  the  year  1750.  The  vacancy  created  by 
his  death  was  filled  by  Dr.  Josiali  Bnrttett  and  Dr.  Aaron  Sawyer.  Dr.  Sawyer 
soon  returned  to  the  Upper  Parish  of  Amesbury,  Ms.,  whence  he  originated. 

Dr.  Josiah  Bartlctt  was  bom  in  Amesbury,  Ms.,  Nov.  21,  1727,  0.  S.  His 
father,  whose  name  was  Stephen  Bartlelt,  had  not  much  property,  but  was,  how- 
ever, enabled  to  give  him  a  medical  education  under  the  instruction  of  Dr. 
Ordway,  a  respectable  physician  of  Amesbury.  Dr.  Bartlett  completed  his 
medical  studies  at  the  age  of  twenty-one,  and  very  soon  after  established  him- 
self at  Kinu;slon,  N,  H. 

He  manied  hi.s  cousin,  Mary  Bartlett,  of  Newtown,  N.  II.,  Jan.  15,  1754,  by 
whom  he  had  twelve  children. 

His  practice  became  very  e.xtensive,  and  he  was  eminently  successful, 
especially  in  the  treatment  of  tlie  Cyaanchc  Maligna,  or  Throat  Distemper, 
which  first  made  its  appearance  in  Kingston,  with  ci'cat  fatality,  in  \1C)5. 

Dr.  Bartlett  began  his  political  career  as  Representative  from  Kingston,  in  the 
Legislature  of  New  Hampshire,  while  an  English  colony. 


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Biographical  Notices  of 


[Jan. 


He  oontiniied  to  fill  various  olTice3  of  trust,  from  this  time  to  the  year  1775, 
when  he  was  elected  to  the  Coiitinenlal  Congre.ss,  which  met  at  I'hiladelphia 
ill  Sej)terriber  of  that  year,  hi  July,  177C,  Cuiigress  declared  the  Coiotiic* 
imlepeiideiit,  and  Dr.  Barllett  was  the  lir>t,  after  the  venerable  Hancock,  lo 
sii.'ii  this  iristrLinieiit  of  American  freedom. 

In  November,  1778,  Dr.  Barllett  returned  homo  to  attend  to  liis  domestic  affairs, 
wliicli  had  sutlered  greatly  from  his  absence.  About  this  time  he  was  appoinli'J 
Chief  Justice  of  the  Court  of  Common  I'leaSj^and  was  transterred  to  tiie  Supe- 
rior Bench  in  November,  17S2,  and  tliere  oiliciated  till  he  was  appointed,  in 
1788,  Chief  Justice  of  the  State.  Judge  Bartlett  sustained,  during  this  period, 
many  ofiices  not  incompatible  with  his  high  judicial  character,  such  as  Coun-  •« 
sellor,  a  member  of  the  Convention  to  form  a  State  Constitution,  and  was  one  of  .'^ 
a  Committee,  with  Judge  Livennore  and  Gen.  Sullivan,  to  revise  the  Lawsof  yi| 
the  State,  and  a  member  of  the  Convention  to  ratify  the  new  Constitution. 

In  1789,  he  was  elected  Senator  to  Congress,  but  his  declining  health,  and 
the  depression  of  spirits  consequent  ujion  the  sudden  death  of  his  wife,  early 
in  tliat  year,  induced  him  to  decline  the  duties  of  Senator,  and  lo  resign  the 
ollice  of  Chief  Justice. 

The  people,  unwilling  to  lose  liis  services,  elected  him  President  of  the  State,- 
in  1790. 

Dr.  Bartlett  took  an  active  part  in  forming  the  New  Hampshire  Medical 
Society,  and  was  elected,  in  17!>1,  its  first  President. 

In  1792,  he  was  chosen  a  member  to  revise  the  Constitution  of  New  Hamp- 
shire, in  which  the  title  of   Presiilenl  was  dropped,  and  that  of  Governor  subsli-- 
tuted,  and  he  was  the  first  Chief  Magistrate  with  the  title  of  Governor.     Abgut  , 
this  time,  he  received  the  honorary  deirrees  of  M.  A.  and  M.  D.  from  Darlnic^th   ' 
College.  ^  ^ 

Gov.  Barllett  filled  all  these  stations  with  general  satisfaction,  without  osten-j^ 
lation  ;  administering  the  laws  in  a  mild  yet  decisive  manner,  and  setting  forth,' 
the  example  of  true  republicanism. 

His  appointments  were  just,  and  such  as  met  the  public  approbation. 

The  arduous  duties  of  a  professional  and  political  life,  in  those  "times  that 
tried  men's  souls,"  had  impaired  his  health,  and  so  shattered  a  constitution, 
never  strong,  that  I\Iay  19,  1795,  he  died  suddenly,  of  paralysis,  leaving  a  very 
extensive  circle  of  friends  to  mourn  his  departure. 

Gov.  Bartlett  was  possessed  of  good  mental  powers,  of  a  kind  and  benevo- 
lent disposition,  and  was  scrupulously  just  in  all  his  dealings. 

J'hilanthropv  and  benevolence  were  the  pi  eminent  traits  of  his  character. 

His  letters,  still  extant,  show  that,  with  a  calm  and  childlike  trust  in  God,  he 
mingled  that  high  sense  of  the  responsibilities  which  man  owes  to  his  Creator 
and  his  fellow-man,  which  forms  the  foundation  of  a  truly  generous,  just,  and 
noble  character. 

Subjoined  is  the  testimony  of  one  who  was  his  neighbor  and  intimate  friend 
for  many  years  — the  Rev.  Dr.  Elihu  Thayer.  It  is  taken  from  the  Address 
delivered  at  the  funeral  of  Gov.  Bartlett. 

"  But  few  persons  by  their  own  merit,  without  the  influence  of  family,  or 
party  connections,  have  risen  from  one  degree  of  honor  and  confidence  to  an- 
other, as  he  did.  And  fewer  still  have  been  the  instances,  in  which  a  succes- 
sion of  honorable  and  important  offices  even  to  the  highest,  have  been  held  by 
any  man  with  less  envy;  or  executed  with  more  general  approbation.  Despising 
the  gaudy  exhibition  of  vain  parade,  (a  sure  mark  of  a  noble  mind,)  he  set  a 
shining  example  of  frugality  and  economy,  both  in  private  and  public  life,  at  a 
period  when  such  virtues  were  peeuliaily  liecoining  and  necessary.  His  natu- 
ral temper  was  open,  humane,  and  compassionate.  In  his  dealings,  he  was 
scrupulously  just,  and  faithful  in  the  performance  of  all  his  engagements;  and 
in  his  public  ollices,  he  served  his  country  with  all  his  miuht." 

The  children  of  Gov.  Barllett  who  still  survive,  are  Hon.  Ezra  Bartlett  of 
Haverhill,  N.  IL,  and  Mrs.  Gale,  the  widow  of  the  late  Dr.  Amos  Gale  of  Kings- 
ton. She  is  in  her  74th  year,  and  resides  at  South  Hampton  with  her  daugh- 
ter, Mrs.  White. 

Dr.  Levi  Bartlett  was  the  eldest  son  of  Gov.  Josiah  Bartlett,  and  was  born 
Sept.  3,  1763.      He  received  his  preparatory  education  at  the  then  celebrated 


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1847.]  Physicians  in  Kingston,  N.  IL  -    97 

"  Diimmer  School  "  in  Newbury,  Ms.,  nnd  after  sliidyincr  tlie  science  of  med- 
irino  one  year  with  his  father,  he  com[)Ieted  liis  proles.-iiotial  coui^e  with  Dr. 
Tliotnas  Kittredge  of  Andover,  Ms.,  a  disiinguisheti  physician. 

Soon  after,  he  e.stablisiied  himself  in  Kini^ston,  N.  ll.,  where  hi.s  father  had 
been  located,  and  who  was  givin;^  up  his  professional  business  to  younger  and 
more  vigorous  practitioners. 

Here,  and  in  the  adjoining  towns,  he  soon  acquired  an  e.vtensive  practice, 
nnd  was  frequently  called  many  miles  from  home  in  consultation,  lie  was  a 
jkilful  antl  successful  surgeon,  and  performed  many  important  opi-rations. 
Dr.  Bartlett  tilled  many  stations  of  IruNt.  lie  was  a  Justice  of  the  Peace  and 
'  Quorum  throughout  the  state,  Culunel  in  the  militia,  and  Post  Master  for  many 
years.  He  frecjuently  represented  Kingston  in  the  Legislature,  and  for  several 
years  was  a  member  of  the  Council,  and  Chief  Justice  of  the  Court  of  Common 
I'leas.  But  being  of  a  studious  and  metaphysical  turn,  he  preferred  the  (juiet 
pleasures  of  private  life  to  the  care  and  turmoil  of  the  political  arena. 

He  was  married,  Nov.  (3,  17!)1,  to  Sally  Hook,  who  died  of  consumption,  Feb- 
ruary, 17!»3.     He  married  the  second  time,  Abigail  Stevens,  April  18,  1807. 

He  was  kind  and  obliging  in  his  disposition,  generous  and  humane  to  tho 
needy,  and  honopble  and  just  in  all  his  business  relations. 

For  several  years,  he  sulfcred  from  paralysis,  and  was,  consequently,  unable  to 
transact  business  or  enjoy  life.  His  earthly  career  terminated  Jan.  30,  18:28,  at 
the  age  of  G5,  leaving  a  widow  and  three  children  —  two  daughters  and  one  son. 
Dr.  Levi  Stevens  liartlcH  was  born  Dec.  3,  1811.  He  received  his  academ- 
ical education  at  Phillips  Academy,  Eveter.  He  read  medicine  with  his 
uncle,  the  late  Hon.  Josiah  Paitlelt  of  Stralham,  Professor  Klijha  Bartlett,  at 
that  time  of  Lowell,  Ms.,  and  with  Dr.  John  Barrett  of  Portland,  .Me.  Dr. 
Bartlett  attended  the  Medical  Lectures  at  Dartmouth  and  Bowdoiii  Colleges, 
and  received  his  diploma  from  Dartmouth  in  the  year  1832,  a  short  lime  before 
ho  was  21  years  of  age. 

Having  come  in  possession  of  the  landed  estates  of  his  father,  and  the  old 
mansion  of  his  grandfather,  he  settled  at  King-^ton,  where  he  now  resides,  and 
is  in  the  practice  of  his  professioji.  He  married,  Dec.  3,  1S44,  Aroline  E., 
danghter  of  Closes  Sanborn,  Esf|. 

Dr.  Amos  Gale,  son  of  Jacob  Gale,  was  born  at  East  Kingston,  April  9,  1741, 
0.  S.  He  studied  medicine  with  Dr.  Josiah  Bartlett  of  Kingston,  N.  H.,  and 
married  Hannah,  the  only  child  of  Daniel  and  Hannah  Oilman  of  Kingston, 
Nov.  12,  17tj5.  They  had  ten  children,  si.v  sons  and  four  daughters,  six  of 
whom  are  still  living.  His  practice  was  very  e.vtensive,  and  he  was  highly 
esteemed  as  a  physician  and  citizen.  He  was  one  of  tho  early  memb(?rs  of  tho 
N.  H.  Medical  Society,  and  he  continued  to  practice  medicine  in  Kingston  and 
vicinity,  (with  the  exception  of  a  few  years,  during  which  he  resiiled  in  Troy, 
N.  Y,,)  until  a  short  time  before  his  death,  which  occurred  June  8,  1813,  aged 
69  years.  The  disease  which  terminated  his  life  was  paralysis.  Several  young 
men  received  their  medical  instruction  from  him. 

Dr.  Amos  Gale,  Jr..  son  of  the  preceding,  was  born  at  Kingston,  Oct.  15,  17G8. 
He  studied  ihedicine  with  his  father  antl  Dr.  Levi  Bartlett  of  Kingston,  attended 
lectures  at  Boston,  conimencetl  and  continued  to  practise  medicine  in  his  native 
town  till  his  death,  which  occurred  Dec.  7,  1824,  aged  56  years.  He  was  a 
very  energetic  and  athletic  man,  and  was  characterized  for  his  great  assiduity 
and  self-denial  in  the  discharge  of  his  duties  as  a  physician.  lie  was  married 
to  Sally,  youngest  daughter  of  dov.  Bartlett,  by  whom  he  had  seven  children, 
five  sous  and  two  daughters,  all  of  whom  are  still  living.  Dr.  Gale  held  vari- 
ous ollices  in  the  town,  and  was  lleprestnitative  to  the  Legislature  in  1808. 
About  twenty  young  rnmi  received  mi.'dical  education  under  his  instruction. 
He  was  elected  a  member  of  the  N.  H.  Medical  Society  in  1800. 

Dr.  Steiihcn  Gale,  youngest  son  of  Dr.  Amos  CJ.iIe,  Senior,  was  born  Jan.  28, 
1723,  and  studied  medicine  with  his  brother  Amos.  He  died  Aug.  13,  1804. 
His  disease  was  a  scrofulous  allection  of  the  knee,  caused  by  an  injury. 

Dr.  Ezra  Bartlett  Gale,  eldest  son  of  Dr.  Amos  Gale,  Jr.,  was  born  at  Kings- 
ton, Oct.  13,  1797.  He  studied  mceliciue  with  his  father  and  uncle,  Dr.  Levi 
Bartlett,  and  attended  medical  lectures  in  Boston  in  I^IS,  and  prat  ti-.ed  with  liis 


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98 


Biographical  Notices  of  Physicians. 


[Jan.  I 


father  till  July,  1821,  when  he  commenced  practice  in  Brentwood,  N.  11.,  and 
continued  there  till  August,  1823.  In  the  fail  of  1822,  liu  attended  a  course  of 
Medical  Lectures  at  Brown  Univer.'^ity.  and  received  the  degree  of  M.  D.  ia 
1823.  lie  married  Ruth  White,  younge.>t  daugtiter  of  the  late  Richard  White. 
Esq.,  of  South  Hampton,  N.  H.,  July  31,  1823,  where  he  practised  medicine  till 
1827,  when  he  reconmienced  piaotice  in  Kiiii,'ston,  in  whicli  place  he  now  pur* 
sues  his  professional  duties,  lie  liad  seven  children  by  his  first  wife,  four  Boni 
and  three!  daughters,  all  of  whom  are  living.  His  wife  died  July  6,  1841.  He 
married  Emily,  daughter  of  the  late  Moses  Atwood,  Esq.,  of  Atkin.-on,  Nov.  22, 
1842,  by  whom  he  has  two  daughters,  lie  is  a  member  and  oliicer  of  the  N, 
H.  Medical  Society,  and  also  of  the  Rockingham  Dist.  Med.  Society. 

Dr.  Levi  Jiartlctt  Gale,  second  son  of  Dr.  Amos  Gale,  Jr.,  was  born  Aug.  29, 
1800.  He  studied  medicine  with  his  father  and  brother,  and  attended  lectures 
at  Boston  and  at  Brown  University,  where  ho  took  his  degree  of  M.  D.  He 
commenced  and  continued  the  practice  of  medicine  in  Kingston  till  the  return 
of  his  brother  from  South  Hampton,  when  he  removed  to  Boston,  where  he  now 
resides.     He  married  Sarah  B.  Keggan,  by  wliom  he  has  two  chililien. 

J)r.  Josiiih  liartlett  Gale,  third  son  of  Dr.   Amos  Gal(»,  Jr.,  was  born  Jan.  11,  ^, 
1803.     He  studied  medicine  with  his  brothers   Ezra  Bartlett  and   Levi  Bartlelt  fj 
Gale.     He  attended  ^Medical   Lectures  at  Brown  University,  and  commenced^ 
the  practice  of  medicine  in  Brentwood,  where  he  remained  but  a  short  time. 
Thence  he  removed  to  Salisbury  Mills,  INIs.,  where  he  now  resides.     He  mar»  ; 
ried  Hannah,  daughter  of  the  late  Capt.  Jacob  ]\Iorrill  of  Salisbury,  Ms.      Thejr 
have  one  child,  a  son. 

J)r.  Amos  Gilman  Gale,  fourth  son  of  Dr.  Amos  Gale,  Jr.,  was  bom  Feb.  17, 
1807.  He  cominenceil  his  medical  stmlies  with  his  brother  Levi  Bartlelt  Gale, 
and  atteniled  two  courses  of  Medical  Lectures  at  Dartmouth  College,  at  which 
he  received  the  degree  of  M.  D.  He  commenced  the  practice  of  medicine  in 't 
Hooksett,  N.  II.,  where  he  was  employetl  in  his  profession  till  his  removal  to  j 
Manchester,  N.  H.  He  married  Mary,  daughter  of  Hon.  Richard  H.  Ayer,  of 
Hooksett,  by  whom  he  has  one  cliild,  a  daughter. 

Dr.  Stephen  I\Ia(U:<on  Gale,  fifth  son  of  Dr.  Amos  Gale,  Jr.,  was  born  in  Kings*  j 
ton,  Oct.  20,  1809.     He  commenced  the  study  of  medicine  with  his  brother  E.  f 
B.  Gale,  in  1834,  studied  one  year  with  his  brother  L.   B.  Gale  in  Boston,  and^ 
attended  three  courses  of  Medical  Lectures  in  that  place  three  years  in  succes- 
sion, commencing  in  1834,  and  received  his  medical  degree  at  Harvard  Univer-', 
sity,  1837.     He  commenced  practice  in  Derry,  N.  IL,  September  following;  and 
thence  he  removed  to  East  Kingston,  where  he  remained  but  a  short  time.     He 
commenced  practice  in  Lowell,  Dec,  1838,  and  from  that  place  he  removed  to 
Methuen,  July,  1839,  where  he  has  been  engaged  in  practice  ever  since.     He 
was  admitted  a  Fellow  of  the  Massachusetts  Medical  Society,  April,  1839.    He 
married  Hannah  W.  Johnson  of  Portland,  Me.,  March  28,  1843,  by  whom  he  has 
one  daughter,  Alice  Bartlett. 

Though  all  the  above  physicians  by  the  name  of  Gale  have  not  been  located 
as  physicians  in  Kingston,  yet,  as  they  were  all  of  one  family,  we  have  entered 
their  names  under  the  head  of  Kingston. 

There  has  been  for  about  eighty  years  in  Kingston  a  physician  of  the  name 
of  Gale,  father,  son,  and  grandsons.  Very  much  the  same  may  be  said  of  the 
name  of  Bartlett.  It  is  believed  that  no  two  families  in  our  country  have  fur- 
nished more  physicians  than  the  Baitlett  and  Gale  families  of  Kini,'ston.  Gov- 
ernor Bartlett  had  three  sons  eminent  as  physicians;  namely,  Josiah  of  Slrat- 
ham,  Levi  of  Kingblon,  and  Ezra  of  Haverhill,  all  members  and  ollicers  of  the 
Medical  Society;  and  all  political  men,  Ezra  and  Levi  having  been  Judges  of 
Courts,  and  Josiah  a  Member  of  Congress.  Many  of  his  grandsons  are  in  the 
profession,  one  of  whom,  Dr.  Josiah  Bartlett  of  Stratham.  is  now  I'lesident  of  the 
New  Hampshire  Medical  Society. 

Dr.  Thomas  Bassctt  was  born  in  Deerfield,  N.  H.,  Aug.  12,  1797.  His  father 
was  a  merchant  in  that  town,  and  once  traded  in  Atkinson;  but  in  1804 
removed  to  Londonderry  with  his  family,  where  he  resided  till  his  death.  His 
mother's  name  was  Susannah  McGrogort;,  a  descendant  of  the  Rev.  James 
McGrtgore,  who  emigrated  from    Scotland  to  Ireland,  and  subsequently  with 


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,,  .r.l      ,,,        I 


1817.]  Rcg-ister  of  Birlhs  in  Dedham.  -  99 

a  number  of  others,  to  America,  and  commenced  a  settlement  in  Londonderry. 
At  the  aj,'e  of  llfteeii,  Tliomas  commenced  the  studies  preparatory  to  enterinj,'  col- 
lege, under  the  instruction  of  his  uiicie,  Rev.  David  McCrcgore,  who  was  then  the 
settled  minister  in  Bedford,  N.  II.,  and  lived  with  jiim  about  three  years  ;  he  then 
left  and  entered  the  Pinkerton  Academy  in  Derry,  under  the  tuition  of  Mr. 
Samuel  Burnham,  and  continued  there  until  the  death  of  his  father.  At  this 
lime^  (inding  himself  destitute  of  pecuniary  means,  ho  was  forced  to  relinquish 
the  idea  of  prosecutin-r  further  his  co]le<,nate  studies,  and  resorted  to  school- 
koeping  to  obtain  the  object  he  then  most  desired,  an  education.  After  spend- 
ing three  years  in  this  employment,  he  resrjlvt-d  to  prepare  for  the  medical 
profession  ;  and,  in  1821,  entered  the  olllce  of  Dr.  George  Farrar  of  Derrv,  as  a 
student  in  medicine,  where  he  remained  till  the  fall  of  18':2,  when  he  left,  and 
entered  the  private  class  of  Professors  Mussey,  Oliver,  and  Dana,  at  Darlinouih 
College,  and  continued  with  them  until  he  had  tinished  a  re^'ular  course  of 
medical  instruction,  and  received  the  degiee  of  Doctor  in  Medicine  at  tho 
Commencement,  in  182  4.  In  March  following,  ho  established  himself  at 
Kingston,  as  a  physician  and  surgeon,  where  he  has  resided,  with  tho  ex- 
ception of  a  few  months,  to  the  present  time,  in  the  practice  of  his  profession, 
in  that  place  and  the  neighboring  towns. 

In  1828,  he  was  married  to  Miranda  Spofl'ord,  daughter  of  Samuel  SpofTord, 
and  granddaughter  of  Major  Jacob  Peaslee  of  KiuLTston.  In  182G  he  was 
elected,  and  in  1837,  became  a  Fellow  of  the  \.  II.  Medical  Society,  in  which 
ho  has  held  the  ollice  of  Censor  and  Counsellor.  He  has  been  honoied  with 
the  oflice  of  Justice  of  the  Peace,  and  has  held  the  oliiee  of  Brigade  .Major  and 
Inspector  in  the  tirst  Brigade  of  New  Hampshire  militia. 


REGISTER  OF  BIRTHS  IN  DEDIIAM. 

This  account  of  births  in  Dedham,  from  lfi35,  the  time  when  the  town  was 
first  settled,  to  1(377,  was  copied  from  the  Records  by  Dr.  Elisha  Thayer.  The 
year,  name  of  the  child  and  its  parents,  and  also,  the  month  and  the  day  of  the 
month,  are  given  in  each  case.  The  year  is  considered  as  beginning  the  first 
day  of  the  first  month  called  March,  as  time  was  then  reckoned. 

Year. 

1G35     IVIary,  daughter  of  John  and  Hannah  D wight,  born 
John,  son  of  John  and  Joanna  Balden, 

1637  Ruth,  daughter  of  John  and  Annis  Morse, 
INIary,  daughter  of  Joseph  and  Millecent  Kingsbury, 

1638  Sarah,  daughter  of  John  and  Ilanna  Duight, 
Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Joseph  and  Millecent  Kingsburj', 
Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Francis  and  Amy  Chickering, 
Mary,  daughter  of  Richard  and  Mary  Everard, 
Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Thomas  and  Mary  Alcock, 
Isaac,  son  of  John  and  Prudence  Frary, 

1639  Rachel,  daughter  of  John  and  Alice  Roper, 
Samuel,  son  of  Richard  and  IMary  Everard, 

.    Samuel,  son  of  John  and  Joanna  Cay, 

Joseph,  son  of  ^ViHiam  and Barstow, 

Obadiah,  son  of  Daniel  and  Lydia  Morse, 


IMary,  daughter  of  Edward  and  Susan  Richards, 
Abigail,  daughter  of  Ferdinando  and  Ann  Adams, 
John,  son  of  John  and  Annis  Morse, 
Daniel,  son  of  Henry  and  Elizabeth  Smith, 
John,  son  of  James  and  Ann  Allen, 
Sarah,  daughter  of  Thomas  and  Margery  Alcock, 
Barnabas,  son  of  Robert  and  Ann  Linsdell, 
Benjamin,  son  of  Ralph  and  Phebe  Whcelock, 


Day. 

Month. 

25 

5 

21 

4 

3 

4 

1 

7 

17 

4 

14 

7 

26 

7 

28 

7 

24 

8 

29 

10 

18 

1 

31 

1 

10 

1 

6 

4 

8 

6 

28 

7 

15 

7 

8 

4 

13 

8 

4 

10 

28 

10 

13 

9 

8 

U 

(To  be  couiinucd.) 


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100 


Notices  of  New  Publications. 


[Jan. 


ANNIVERSARY   OF   THE    NEW   ENGLAND    SOCIETY  OF 
CINCINNATI,  O. 

The  22Gth  Anniversary  of  the  Lamlinir  of  the  Pilf^rims  at  Plymouth,  was 
celebrated  in  tlie  City  of  Cinciiuiali  by  the  New  Kiiglarul  Society,  on  Dec.  22,  ■ 
IS  16.  The  services  on  the  occasion  were  as  follows  :  Prayer  by  the  Kev.  Dr. 
Beecher;  KeaJing  tlie  Scriptures  by  the  Rev.  Mr.  i\Iai;oon  ;  Address  by  B.  B. 
Fessenden,  Esq.  ;  Benediction  by  Kev.  Dr.  Stowe.  With  these  services  appro- 
priate music  was  interspersed. 

On  Jan.  5,  1847,  the  annual  meeting  of  the  Society  was  held,  and  the  Report 
was  read  by  the  Rev.  Dr.  Colton.  In  the  Cincinnati  Gazette  we  tuid  the  fol- 
lowing account,  which,  we  doubt  not,  will  be  interesting  to  our  readers. 

This   Society  was  organized  January  14th,  1845.     Its  objects  are,  to  cherish 
the  memory  and  perpetuate  the  principles  of  the  original  settlers  of   New  Eng-   •-« 
land  ;    to  collect  and  dilfuse   information  respecting  New  England  and   New  'i"* 
England  emigrants  to  other  parts  of  the  country,  especially  to  the  West ;  and  to  '.^ 
extend  charity  to  the  needy  of  New  England  descent.     It  is  composed  of  men  .^^^ 
born  in  New  England,  and  the  male  descendants  of  New   England  ancestors,  j  ' 
The  Society  has  a  liberal  charter  from  the  Legislature,  and  is  wholly  free  from- 
debt.     It  has  upwards  of  '200  members,  and   the  number  is  rapidly  increasing, 
23  having  joined  at  the  last  meeting. 

It  was  voted   to  appropriate  one  half  the  surplus  in  the  Treasury  towards  the  -a 
establishment  of  a  valuable  library  of  historical  and  antiquarian  works  in  rela-  ■ 
tion  to  New  England,  and  to  start  a  subscription  of  SjOO  in  aid  of  the  project,' 
of  which  8200  was  immediately  subscribed,  and  it  is  thought  the  balance  can  be 
made  up  this  month.     A  catalogue  of  the  works  desired  has  been  made  out,  ij 
which,  we  trust,  the  Directors  will  be  enabled  at  once  to  purchase.   The  income 
of  the  Society  this  year,  if  this  subscription  is  filled,  will  amount  to  >1,100. 

A  Committee  was  appointed,  to  ascertain  if  a  course  of  Lectures  could  be 
prepareil  in  time  to  be  delivered  this  winter. 

The  Society  contemplates  the  erection  ultimately  of  a  Hall  for  their  library, 
meetings,  and   lectures,  for  which  a  lot  has  been  olfered  on  lil)eral  coiulitions. 

The  following  gentlemen  were  electeil  olllcers  for  the  ensuing  year,  (Mr. 
Starr  having  declined  reelection  as  President.) 

Fur  Preiidcat,  Timothy  Walker.  Fur  Vicc-Picsklent,  Lot  E.  Brewster.  For 
Corrcspoivling'  Sccrctar^j,  Chauncey  Colton.  For  Recording  Sccrctanj,  Henry 
Crane.  For^Trcnsurcr,  James  Lakey.  For  Directorx,  Henry  Starr,  Edmund 
Gage,  Mel/er  Flagg,  Maynard  French,  Jonathan  II.  Niles.  Wm.  Wiswell,  Jr. 

The  following  gcnillemen  have  been  the  Presidents  and  Vice-Presidents,  since 
its  formation  : 

1815. —  Bellamy  Storer^  President.  Ephraim  Robbins  and  Henry  Emerson, 
Vice-Presidents. 

184().  —  Henry  Starr,  President.     Lot  E.  Brewster,  Vice-President. 

1847.  —  Timothy  Walker,  President.     Lot  E.  Brewster,  Vice-President. 


NOTICES    OF   NEW   PUBLICATIONS. 

Guide  to  Phjmoulh,  and  RrcoUcctiom  of  the  Pdgrim.     Ihj  Wdliam  S.  Russell. 
"  Come  listen  to  my  stori/, 
Though  often  told  before, 
Of  men  who  pa>:s'd  to  glory ^ 
Through  tod  and  trial  sore  ; 
Of  men  who  did  fur  conscience^  sahCj 
Their  native  land  furego, 
And  sought  a  home  and  freedom  herCy 
Two  liundred  years  ago.^' 
Boston  :   Published  for  the  Author,  by  Samuel  G.  Drake,  50  Cornhill.     1846. 


'V.  '^n 


)  Ji"  «  ;•-'*  h^.;;;i 


'i.i.iV'.Ti. ;  ',  I.-'- 


!,    M      .,_• 


^-.-  ; I  .^     ..; 


I,  '.,'  -r:' 


1$47.J 


Notices  of  New  Pubrtcations. 


101 


This  is  a  neat  lOmo  of  about -100  prunes,  "dpsiiinfd  to  present  such  historical  facts 
connected  with  our  early  history,  ami  descriptions  o(  interebtiiiij  localities  wiih  wiiich 
\\[C)'  are  connected,  as  are  deemed  of  essential  impoitance  to  the  numerous  visitors 
who  resort  to  the  spot,  rendered  memoiahle  as  the  scene  wlnrc  llie  foundations  of 
republican  institutions  W(,'re  first  laid  in  lliis  western  worM,  and  the  jirincipifS  of  reli- 
gidus  and  civil  liberty  were  successfully  established  in  New  Knj;lanii."  'I'be  desiijn  of 
the  author  has  been  acconnplished.  Alth()iii,'h  much  novelty  can  haidly  be  e.\[)i;cled  in 
relation  to  subjects  which  have  already  become  tiite,  tliOu;,'h  nut  ui:inteie:»tir.;:,  yet  by 
n  judicious  collection  of  facts  and  a  pleasiii:^  presentation  of  Uiem,  the  woik  is  well  adapi- 
eJ  to  engage  ihe  attention  of  the  reader,  and  to  furnish  liini  with  the  information  desiied. 
It  commences  with  a  brief  detail  of  the  circumstances,  which  led  our  Pilgrim  Fathers 
to  leave  the  land  of  their  birth  and  embark  for  a  country  of  pathless  wildernesses, 
'abounding  in  savage  beasts  and  still  more  savage  men.  It  follows  them  in  their  voyage, 
throigh  storms  and  ])erils  to  them  unknown  before;  it  describes  their  arrival  at  Cape 
Cod,  the  sutfevings,  privations,  and  hardshi[)s  theyenduied,  and  the  subseiiueut  increase 
ind  growth  of  the  infant  Colony,  all  in  a  manner  liighly  instructive.  The  various 
places  of  interest  to  a  traveller  in  the  town  of  riymouth  are  distinctly  and  minutely 
pointed  out,  and  m.Tny  matters  of  impoitance  are  lelatcd  concerning  iherii.  .Several 
ancient  documents  of  gieat  value  are  also  inserted,  loLjelher  with  some  notice  of  the 
Pilgrims.  The  volume  closes  with  a  collection  of  Hymns  and  Songs,  selected  from 
the  productions  of  our  be.-il  authors,  coni[io<ed  with  express  reference  to  Anniversary 
Celebrations  in  Plymouth  and  other  parts  of  the  L'nited  States.  The  work  is  embel- 
lished with  a  map  of  Plymouth  village  in  IS  IT.,  a  frontispiece  engraving  of  the  town 
and  harbor  of  Plymouth,  also  several  other  designs.  It  is  a  book  eminently  useful  to 
the  traveller,  and  valuable  to  the  historian. 

The  History  of  Charlestown,  j\[ns.<<achusctts.  By  Richard  Frothinghanij  Jr. 
"  The  History  of  a  Town  is  united  icith  that  of  the  Country  to  xvJiich  it  btijn>^s, 
and  with  that  of  the  acres  throu<rh  wliich  it  has  stoodV  Charlestown  :  Charles  1'. 
Emmons.     Boston  :  Charles  C.  Little  and  James  Hrown.     1843. 

This  is  a  work  issued  in  numbers  of  about  50  pages  each.  The  author  states,  in  the 
commencement,  his  sources  of  information  to  be,  the  town  liecords;  llecords  of  the 
(irst  church  in  the  town;  the  Colony  Records;  the  Probate  and  llegistry  Records;  and 
private  collections  of  jiapers.  From  such  materials  we  should  think  a  most  perfect  his- 
tory can  be  made.  AVe  are  pleased  to  sec  an  interest  arising  in  the  minds  oi  many,  con- 
cerning our  local  or  town  histories,  for  by  this  means  only  can  that  of  the  slate  be 
rendered  accurate.  "  lOach  town  has  some  noted  spot  where  the  Indian  may  have 
fougbt  for  his  burial-places,  or  the  colonials  for  their  freedom;  that  may  have  sheltered 
a  hermit  or  a  reiiicide  ;  that  superstition  niay  have  invested  with  a  fairy  legend,  or 
nature  have  robed  \vilh  more  than  fairy  magnificence.  Kach  has  its  Liberty  Tree,  its 
Green  Dragon,  its  Faneuil  Hall,  where  its  patriots  inay  have  counselled  or  acted.  And 
each  has  had  citizens  who  laid  its  foundations,  perhaps  in  hardship  and  danger."  It  is 
fertile  local  annalist  to  gather  these  traditions  and  facts,  from  vvhich  the  state  histo- 
rian may  form  a  comprehensive  anil  accurate  account.  This  work  is  embellished  with 
quite  a  number  of  interesting  engravings.  Four  numbers  have  appeared,  containing 
much  useful  and  curious  matter,  and  we  hope  soon  to  see  the  remai ruler.  'I'be  work 
is  highly  deserving  public  patronage,  and  we  hope  that  Charlestown  and  its  vicinity 
especially,  will  amply  reward  the  author  for  his  indefatigable  labors. 


A  Gazetteer  of  ]\Tassachusctts,  containing  Descriptions  of  all  the  Counties,  Towns, 
and  Districts  of  the  Conimonwctdth  ;  and  idso,  uf  its  principal  Mountaufi,  Rivers, 
Capes,  Bays,  Harbors.  Ishnuh,  and  FashiunabU  Reports.  Tu  which  are  added 
Statistical  Accounts  of  iti  Agriculture,  Cotmncrce,  and  ]\[nnufactures ;  icith  a  great 
variety  of  tcjc/i//  Infurmatiun.  By  John  Hai/ward.  Author  of  the  "Afw  England 
Gazetlecr,^'  '-Book  of  Religions,"  t)*f.     Boston  :  John  Hay  ward.     1846. 

This  is  decidedly  a  valuable  work.  The  name  of  the  author  alone  would  guarantee 
an  elaborate,  and,  so  far  as  within  his  ability,  a  strictly  accurate  publication.  It  presents 
Massachusetts  in  a  statistical,  historical,  and  topographical  lii;ht,aiul  is  tilled  vxithsuch 
matter  as  would  be  deeply  interesting  to  the  antiipiary,  and  the  man  ol  business, 
indeed  to  all  in  Massachusetts  who  take  any  pleasure  in  knowing  the  condition  and 
prosperity  of  their  own  state.  It  is  a  work  useful  for  reference  in  regard  to  education, 
internal  improvements,  matters  of  commercial  importance  —  and  may  be  regarded  as 
a  universal  Gazetteer.     We  cheerfully  commend  it  to  the  patronage  of  the  public. 


vn 


^i'M-C'SyWy   '•.   ' 


-  -  .^ 


■  I'  i'vii 


t  :    :■'     >      ..    -I'l' 


\-% 


■  .:»  '■••>  I'-'j  1  J.  jf-O'/  ^IJr.o!','/  ^.  ', 'I.»f  V. 


10-3 


Nuficcs  of  Neil)  Puhficdlions. 


[Jan.   -jii 


Epitnj'ii'^  from  the  0!d  Bar\jin^-ftiOHni]  in  ('amhrhhrc.  With  Notes,  by  Wil- 
liam Thadtlcns  Ifitrris^  Junior  .S'y/;/t(>'f/  in  llanard  Cullrge.  Cambriilge  :  Pub- 
lished by  Jolm  Oucii. 

It  has  boon,  am!  slill  is,  the  disposition  of  the  public,  to  rc;^ard  the  restinij-placps  of 
the  di'ceaseil  with  aversion,  rather  than  with  filcasurahle  interest.  Tiiis  we  think 
should  not  he  the  case.  "  Forget  not  the  faithl'iil  dead  "  is  worthy  to  he  iiij^crihed  at  the 
entrance  of  every  cemetery,  and  those,  insle.id  of  b.-in;^  permitted  to  inn  to  waste, 
sliould  he  adorned,  and  made  plear>ing  to  the  siijlit.  Thus  the  (^rave  may  heibvested  of 
its  gloom,  and  the  graveyard,  now  an  object  of  terror,  may  become  fre(jMented  as  a 
place  for  calm,  serious,  and  [)rofi table  meditation. 

In  this  volume  u  complete  transcript  is  made  of  the  epitaphs  in  the  burying-ground, 
from  \i'<o.\  to  the  year  ISdO;  but  in  the  years  succeeding'  ISuil,  witli  a  few  exceptions, 
the  names  only  of  those,  to  whose  memory  monuments  have  been  erected,  are  given. 
In  addition  to  these,  which  are  G70  in  numher,  there  are  brief  notices  of  many,  whoso 
monumental  inscriptions  are  given.  A  table,  also,  of  the  deaths  of  many,  whose  mon- 
uments have  crumliled  to  dust,  or  whose  remains  were  deposited  in  tombs,  is  appended. 
It  is  a  volume  of  I'.fj  pages,  octavo,  printed  at  the  University  press,  and  must  be  inter- 
esting to  those  who  delight  in  curious  and  antiijuated  matters.  \Ve  hope  others  will 
be  induced  to  prepare  like  collections  from  those  spots  where, 

"Each  in  his  iinrrow  cell  for  ever  laid, 
'I'lie  rude  forefaihers  of  iho.  hamlet  sleep."  ^ 

The  author  is  a  son  of  Thaddens  AVilliam  Harris.  M.  1).,  Lihrarian  of  the  Univer- 
sity, and  grand.>;on  of  the  late  Rev.  'J'haddcus  Mason  Harris,  D.  IJ.,  of  Dorchester.  ^Ve 
may  at  some  future  time  make  extracts  fiom  the  work. 


Loring^s  Mdssoclivsclts  Register,  or  Record  Book  of  Vtdvahle  Information,  for 
Vie  yrnr  IS  17.  Designed  as  a  SnifcJde  Cumpnniun  for  the  Frofe^isiuunl  Man,  the 
Merchant,  the  Pullic  Ojficcr^  and  the  Private  Citizci.  Bustou  :  Jarne.s  Loring,  132 
Wa^shingtou  Street. 

This  volume  is  the  cigfilielh  of  the  Massachusetts  Register,  and  its  value  as  a  work  of 
rcftMi'iu-e  will,  we  think,  bo  appreciated  hy  ibi-  public  for  as  many  ye:us  to  come.  Such 
a  work  is  much  needed  by  all  classes  of  business  men  throughout  the  state.  It  com- 
prises statistics  of  civil  odlcers;  professional  men;  societies  and  associations,  literary, 
scientific,  religious,  and  benevolent;  commerce;  mercantile  allaiis;  naval  and  military 
otiicers  ;  courts  and  justices;  institutions  of  learning,  and  also  those  lor  benevolent 
purposes;  corporations  of  all  kinds.  It  is  literally  ?;ii'//((»m')i  ;)a/-fo.  Mr.  Loiing,  who 
has  much  of  a  historical  taste,  deserves  great  praise  for  his  endeavors  to  reader  it  ac- 
curate and  useful:  and  it  should  have  an  extensive  circulation  in  the  state. 

The  publishers  of  the  Register  have  been  as  follows; 

In  17ii7,  Mein  and  Fleming,  at  the  London  Bookstore,  north  side  of  Iviug  street,  now 
State  street;  in  177),  Mills  and  Hicks,  School  street,  next  door  to  Brackett's  Tavern, 
sign  of  Cromwell's  Ifead  :  in  1770,  Thomas  ami  John  Fleet,  sign  of  the  Bible  ami  Heart, 
corner  of  Cornhill  and  Water  street;  in  ISiil,  John  West  and  Manning  and  Loring,  un- 
til 1SI3,  when  its  publishers  were  West,  Ivichardson,  and  Lord,  and  the  present  pub- 
lisher, who  has  been  a  proprietor  for  forty-six  years  past. 


:?*. 


A  Statistical  View  of  the  Population  of  ]\Tassarliv.sctts,from  17G5  to  1840.  By 
Jesse  Chickcring.     Boston:  Charles  C.  Little  and  James  Brown.    ISIG.    pp.  IGO. 

"The  object  of  this  essay  is  to  exhibit  the  increase  of  the  population  of  Massachu- 
setts, and  the  changes  which  have  taken  jilacc  in  tlie  number  and  proportion  of  the 
inhabitants  in  the  several  parts  of  the  Commonwealth,  during  the  period  cf  seventy- 
five  years  from  1705  to  1810."  ''The  censuses  consulted  in  the  preparation  of  this  work 
are  the  Colonial  census,  ordered  in  17(J1  and  finished  in  17t35,  and  the  six  censuses  of 
the  United  States,  taken  at  intervals  of  ten  years,  from  17C'0  to  ISIO."  Tn<'  number  of 
inhabitants  in  Massachusetts  in  1705,  from  various  calculations  is  estimated  at  'J  1-1,1  19, 
exclusive  of  L.WJ  Indians.  In  171)0,  according  to  the  United  Slate-;  cen-us  published 
in  1701,  the  population  was  ;i7S,7S7,  which  is  adopted  as  the  true  number;  in  ISOO  it 
was  -I'^J.Sl.^;  in  ISlO,  •17'2,0-U);  in  ISJO,  .^JI^JS? ;  in  lb'M\  G10,4oS;  and  in  1^40,  7:i7,700. 

The  U.  S.  censuses  of  1700,  1800,  and  ISJO  were  taken  August  1st;  and  those  of 
ISlO,  IS.'JO,  and  1S40  were  taken  July  1st;  so  that  the  intervals  between  the  second  and 
third,  and  the  fourth  and  fifth  were  two  months  less  than  ten  years,  while  that  between 


^iioUv  s'j'Ah'V  ",;,"''. 


;:,  If,.  7.1  ■     , 


;,     •)..•"     ■.'■  •    -■'    l.\<r     -."I 


IS  17.]  Noliccs  of  lYcw  rublicatioiis.  103 

■^  \\\e  tliinl  nnd  fourth  was  two  months  mmc  than  ten  years.     These  .lifTi-r.^nres  in  the 

;,    Icnjjtii  of  the  intervals  afloet  tlie  numerical   reiiilts,  bnt  so  slightly,  as  not  to   be  rnati- 

;,-  riitlly  important  in  the  compar.itive  results,  especially  lor  so  lunij  a  pcrioil  as  from  17'J0 
tol'^lU.  Tin'  least  inrri'ase  (liscovereil  in  any  perioil  is  in  tliit  em!)ia(in:;  the  time 
from  1^10  to  IS.'O;  prohalily  owin^'  in  some  dei^rei;  to  tin;  \\;\r  then  cxi^tii!.'  with  C,u-\\ 

%    Britain  am!  the  emigration  of  many  citi/(;ns  to  the  West.     In  the  perioj  irom  17CS  to 

il    I'i'll,  the  increase  was  {greater  than  it  lias  ever  bren. 

The  increase  of  Boston,  in  proportion  to  its  inhahitants,  from  1705  to  M'A)  was  very 
much  less  than  that  of  the  country  tfiwns,  while  from  17U0  to  l"^!')  it  \\as  very  much 
((realer,  thus  showinj^  the  modern  teiulency  to  centralization.  Besitlcs  the  ^jicat  ainount 
of  statistical  matter  of  which  the  above  is  an  exceedingly  brief  epitome,  it  contuins  a 
table  showing  the  averajje  number  of  inhabitants  in  each  year,  accordint;  to  the  I,'.  S. 
ffiisuses,  together  with  the  increase,  on  the  supjiO'-ition  of  a  uniform  rate  of  increase 
in  each  year,  the  same  being  carried  on  to  is^o,  at  the  rate  of  increase  from  l*^:)'}  to 
1840.    Aluch  other  valuable  matter  is  contained  in  this  publication;  manifestly  ol  great 

f  labor  and  of  apparent  accuracy.  Such  a  work  as  this  of  Dr.  Cliickering  was  much 
neeiled  to  rectify  the  many  errors  which  liad  arisen  in   the  taking  and  computing  the 

^  censuses.  ^Ve  only  adil,  that  could  such  a  statistical  view  be  taken  of  e\t/ry  etale  in 
the  Union,  many  important  facts  would  be  discovered  antl  many  data  be  i)bl.iiiied,  horn 
which  inferences  might  jierliaps  be  draw  n  greatly  interesting  and  useful. 

A  Discourse  ilrlivcrcil  before  Tlic  Mninc  Ilistovkal  S.-icirli/  at  its  Antvnl  McLtiti<:. 
fitptcmbcr  6,  IS-IC.  litj  (ieurgc  FuL\oiii.  '-lint  I  dmiht  not  *■  '*'■  ^'  ('  iritl 
prove  a  very Jh)nri<liiii;j: pl'icc,  nnd  he  r<:j)lvniJtfil  icith  mmuj  fn'irc  Toicix  nnd  Cit- 
irs,  it  beint!;  a  Province  both  fruitful  and  /i/rasrui/.''  —  F.  (Jorircs.  Di'soriiUiuii 
of  tho  I'lovincc  of  Muiae.     rortlutiJ  :  rublished  fur  tlie  Society.     IS  17. 

The  subject  of  this  discourse  is  the  early  discovery  nnd  settlement  of  Maine,  and  the 
character  of  tlio-e  who  were  most  active  in  llie  work  of  colonization.  It  clearly  indi- 
cates the  author  to  be  a  man  of  historical  research  not  only  in  regard  to  tlie  state  of 
Maine,  but  also  in  respect  to  New  England  and  the  early  settlers  generally.  It  is  well 
worth  the  careful  perusal,  both  of  those  who  are  hmd  of  historic  lore,  and  those  who 
are  searching  for  truth  ;  as  it  contains  facts  which  are  important  and  arc  not  generally 
known. 

Mr.  Folsom  concludes  his  discourse  of  7')  pages  as  follows  :  "  In  my  humble  opinion, 
Maine  owes  some  jiiiblic  acknowledgment  to  the  memory  of  Sir  Fenliiiando  Gorges, 
for  having  laid  the  foundation  of  its  existence  as  a  .-ejiarate  and  indeiu-ndeiit  commu- 
nity. Bradford  and  Winthrop  are  names  that  will  ne\er  die  amongst  their  successors 
at  Plymouth  and  Massachusetts  Bay;  I'ennsylvania  will  never  forget  her  obligations 
to  the  illustrious  Friend  of  humanity  who  peojiled  her  wilderness  ;  nor  will  Georgia 
Buffer  the  memory  of  the  enlightened  Oglethorjie  to  perish  ;  Maryland  has  stamped  the 
name  of  Baltimore  upon  her  brilliant  commercial  metropolis,  and  North  Caiolina  has 
her  'city  ol'  Tvalei:;!!,' although  the  projectetl  colony  ol'  Sir  Walter  proveil  a  sj)leiii!id 
failure.  And  shall  Maine  do  nothing  to  mark  her  sense  of  the  meiits  of  the  liberal 
patron  and  successful  abettor  of  the  first  settlements  within  her  limits;  who  expended 
a  large  fortune  u[)on  his  projects  of  discovery  and  colonization;  who,  when  the  coun- 
try was  abandoned  and  denounced  by  others  as  too  cold  and  dreary  for  human  habita- 
tion, actually  hired  inen  to  pass  the  winter  here  to  prove  the  contrary;  and  who  died 
without  reaping  any  substantial  return  for  all  his  labors  and  outlays,  leaving  only  a 
legacy  of  lawsuits  to  his  descendants  ?  It  is  time  that  justice  ■was  done  to  liis  mem- 
ory. From  the  small  beginning  he  made,  this  community  has  become  a  wididy  extend- 
ed, populous,  and  wealthy  state  —  rich  in  her  resources,  and  not  less  distin^'uisbed  for 
the  active  enler[)rise  and  laborious  industry  of  her  jiopulation.  She  can  well  a(for<l  to 
honor  the  memory  of  the  man  who  foresaw  all  this,  and  devoted  the  energies  of  a  long 
life  to  its  consummation." 

The  Sin  and  Danp;cr  of  Self -Love,  described  in  a  Sermon  preached  at  Phjmovth, 
in  New  Knislaiul,  i(i21,  by  Robert  Cushmnn.  With  a  Memoir  of  tlic  Jnthor. 
Boston:  Published  by  CharU's  Kwor,  and  for  sale  by  Crocker  &  Hrewster, 
Samuel  G.  Drake,  Little  ^:  Brown,  .lames  Muiiroo  &  Company,  Benjamin  I'er- 
kins,  and  James  Loring.     Dec.  22,  I84(i. 

The  te.vt  from  which  this  sermon  was  written  is,  1  Cor.  x. :  Q-1.  Let  no  man  sccK-  his 
own:  hut  iccry  man  atiothcr's  iccal(h.     It  is  divided  into  two  parts:  1.  A  Dihoitation^  con- 


r.'>| 


i..  •,  '  i:"-'  ''.       -  ■    I  ' 


1" 


li 


i!  V..;,      (•'      ;• 


101 


Nulurs  of  XiV   P/fb!ic(i/ions. 


[Jan.' 


m  i>ew  r  M:jiana,    Jerrn,  ,er  12,  l.rjl."     Tiics.  ..even.l  articles  form  a  pampMet  of  32 
pages,  wo     pnntecl   wluci,,  on  account  of  its  Christian  a,ui  patriotic  pr  „cn  le     sllld 


r.cdijj,  .)c.     M^y^  hvlb.     London:  E.  Chuiton,  -JU  Ilullci  Street,     pp.  9]. 

The  (Ictiication  of  the  work  is  as  follows  ■ 
is  S,;^,Sf?'l,^;f;;J"^  '^'''  ^^'^'^'  •^^^  ^'^-'-Sh,  the  first  vOume  of  the  Patriciaa 


■'\^,:\  .>, 


t         '        •) 


"I 


i>r'    <J-i'     n    (»>)(     k;         ,     ,;    y^.q 


•  i  ■     •.  ( 


n 


^"ri  ■•  :■"  !i  -.  '"  I'.in  .  III.;!. II  .   .-.  |„    .  MiiiuT,.   iiiii-:i. 
■I  "-    '■•  I    "i".    l'i.M-i,.,i     ,1,  -.  ..,■.■    V,  II.     n,..ri. 


NEW    ENGLAND 
IIISTOKTCAL  AND  GENEALOGICAL  REGISTER. 


VOL.   I.  APRIL,    1817.  NO.   2. 


s» 


^ 


iMEMOIR  OF  HON.  SAMUEL  SEWALL, 


CIUEF-JUSTUK     or     THE     I'UOVINCE     OF     MASSACHUSETTS     BAY. 


Samuel  Shwall,  son  of  Ilenry  and  Jane  Sewall,  was  born  al 
IJishop  Stola-,  in  Ilampsliire,  England,  March  2S,  lG-32.  The  fam- 
ily to  which  he  belonged  was  ancient  and  re:?pectable.  His  great- 
•j'randfalher  was  a  linen-draper  of  the  cily  of  Coventry,  "a  j)rudent 
man,  who  acquired  a  great  estate,"  and  was  more  "  than  once  chosen 
mayor  of  the  city."  His  grandfather,  Henry  Sewall,  born  in  loTG, 
came  to  New  ]Migland,  lived   in   Newbury  and  Rowley,  Ms.,  and 

.;  (lied  about  1G3-').  Samuel,  the  subject  of  this  memoir,  was  taught 
to  read  at  Baddesly  ;  and  was  afterwards  sent  to  a  grammar-school 
at  Rumsey,  of  which  a  Mr.  Figes  was  master.     In  16G1,  he  came 

!  to  New  England  with  his  motlu.-r,  his  father  having  removed  here 
previously.  He  was  immediately  put  under  the  instruction  of  Rev. 
Thomas  Parker  of  Newbury,  with  whom  he  continued  six  years, 
till  his  entrance  into  Harvard  College,  in  iGlJ7.  His  br.-t  dugrce  he 
received  under  President  Chauncy,  in  1G71. 

It  was  his  original  intcniion  to  i.'nter  the  Christian  ministry  ;  and 
with  a  view  to  il,  he  studied  divinity,  commenced  j)rcaehing,  and 
received  encoiu'agriiM.'nt  to  go  \o  Wcnidljrldgc,  N.  .1.,  ami  settk'  as  a 
minister  among  that  pet)plL-,  who  went  from  Newbury,  where  his 
fuller  lived.  JjuI  !iis  thoughts  were  pro!v,i!)ly  diverted  iVom  the 
sacred  profes.^ion  by  his  marriage  connection,  in  consecjuenee  of 
which  he  came  into  possession  of  great  weallli,  and  the  means  of 
iiilluence  and  u.selulnesb  in  i)al)lie  life.  He  was  married,  l-'el).  :2S, 
lG7t),  liy  Gov.  Jh\ulstre-el,  to  Ilaimah  Hull,  daughter  and  m'Ic  heir 
7 


/.\:^r- 


\  I  '  ■    '  i ' 


UV  ^'-'l 


'  0   U^>I//i^ 


if;  v<;''.'    '>.'>V"«>uji5) 


,n>  -iMi      ".■  ;;■>  ^.(    i'>  -HiViir'  .d 


yf'S   i)')i  (I   !;.  .)t 


'Ai 


.,■...    \ 


'ir./ 


M    .1 


'1 


IOl;  //,„         Mrmoir  of  [April, 


■# 


%\ 


of  John  Hull,  l^sij.,  a  i^^oKlsiiiiili  and  lii-hly  rc-^pec-tablc  merchant  in 
Boston,  luaslcr  of  llic  mint  lor  inaiiy  year.-,  and  t>nij  of  tin-  Assistants 
in  IGSo,  the  year  in  which  he  died 

Mr.  Sewall  was  choseji  one  of  the  Assistants  in  Ki^l,  'G,  and  'G 
when  the  Colony  cliarler  was  annuHcd,  and  the  ancient  government 
was  superseded  Ijy  a  Presithait  and  CounciL  In  1G"-S,  during  the 
oppressive  administration  of  Sir  Edmund  Andros,  when  the  titles 
of  many  to  their  lands,  and  oC  his  among  odiers,  were  questioned 
and  in  danger  of  being  forfeited,  he  ujade  a  voyage  to  England,  f 
Bni  on  his  return,  in  JGS9,  Sir  Edmund  having  withdrawn  fronj  the 
country,  and  the  old  Charter  government  having  been  revived,  he 
resumed  his  seat  at  the  Board  of  Assistants.  In  the  Provincial 
charter,  granted  in  1G92,  he  was  nominated  to  be  of  the  Council; 
and  afterwards,  without  interruption,  was  annually  chosen  and  sat 
at  the  Board  until  172;j,  when  being  elected,  he  declined  serving; 
having  survived  more  than  seven  years  all  who  were  appointed 
with  him  to  that  ollice  in  (he  charier. 

As  one  of  the  Assistants  under  the  Colonial  charter,  iMr.  Sewall 
was  also  ex  ojjkio  a  Judge  of  the  Sui)reme  Court.     Soon  after  the 
arrival  of  the  Provincial  charter  in  x^Iay,  1G9:2,  but  before  any  courts     ll 
of  justice  had   been   established  and   organized   under  it,  he  was        \ 
appointed  one  of  the  Judges  of  a  Special  Court  of  Oyer  and  Ter-     rf 
miner  for  the  trial  of   persons  charged   with  witchcraft,   William     ^ 
Stoughton,  Esq.,  being  Chief-Jastice.    It  is  well  known,  that  at  that     ^ 
time  there  was  a  general  persuasion,  not  only  in  New  England,  but       "  ' 
in  the  mother  country,  and  throughout  Europe,  of  llic  reality  of 
those  impious  compacts  Avith   Satan,  into  which  persons  guilty  of 
witchcraft  were  supi)osed  to  have  entered,  and  of  that  diabolical 
power  or  influence,  by  which   they  were  believed  to  act.^     This 
court  especially  was  under  the  delusion;  and  consequenlly  nineUcn 
persons  of  the  many  who  were  indicted  and  arraigned  before  it  at 
Salem  for  this  crime,  w^ere,  at  diiierent  times,  tried,  condemned,  and, 
\\\  pursuance  of  its  sentence,  executed.     In  this  unhappy  affair,  tiie 

persons  supposed  o  W  m  le.^^„o  wii,  ya,a„.  A  lu-l,Hm\v,tchcniU  so  |.rcv.il.cJ  .a  Knji.u 
as  to  hold  Ml  LoMcla.'e  the    .est  ul  ,„.■„,     I'roof  of  th,.-  is  K.und  m  ihc  '-nd  .-anon  m u de     v 

srnrchMjgo.U  tl,e,r  sms,  vvheli.er  they  have  not  .,„!,etinK.s  ),....n  iruil.v  c  f  v  c  k'"  A^   T^^^ 

01   wtchcrat  was  a.lnutled  by   l.ord   ]5aeon  and    Mr.   Add,..,;.      J  r        1      o     nu  re  . ha, 

o"  he  ttu  I?  r,  ,  ^'^"^  "-'^  ^''^  mentioned  not  to  ju.tdy  Mr.  Sewall  and  his  a.sooL.es 
elm  'vrwh  -h  -w,  1,  "7  ■  ','V"^'"''  "'  .^'•''•^■""^'  'l'^'"-  ='-  pecuharlv  ^nilty.  The  severe 
MatV-m       ,   er    o^^^^7^^^^^^^^  'r  I'^'"i'l^'"'    ■^^'l'--'^'  (lov.AV.nthrop,  Dr.  Cotton 

oi  inanlvuid.     I  his  belief  was  the //w/i/a  of  the  day. 


■^-    -> 


!    :       :      ;••.  ),.         .i.:[     ': 


■  ■'.    ..    ■  i;v)-r  ■/    ;: ..'  !  .•;   jrfu  .■!':'■ 


■I...  o.,I 


..  •;;  ■■•       ■i'j'."'oia  'jlU   (" 

ill!,    r  ,  ,  ,,    -^  iii.i7      ;    ■     .'    ''O!..' 


I 

i   IS  17.]  Hon.   Sarmic!  ScwalL  107 

Jiidv^cs  prorcrdi'd  with  i^rcat  caiitioii,  ;(.-kiiiL,'  advico  of  -omc  ot  llio 
wisfst  aiul  best  iiicii  in  the  coiiiiiuuiily,  and  liavini;  ihc  cuiuitfuaiice 
of  riili-TS,  rnitils!«'i>,  and  in  irrncral  of  all  classes  of  rneii.  But  llie 
delusion  was  soon  iiiad(;  inanifi'-t.  Judge  Sewall  in  pariienlar  was 
convinced  of  his  error,  in  the  part  wdiich  he  had  Ir^ken  in  the  court 
of  trials;  and  ol'leii  diseovcre<l  deep  rcLTet  and  humiliation  C)n 
account  of  it.  lie  notes  j)ariieul;u-|y  in  his  .Journal  ol  Dee.  "il. 
lO'.X),  on  oeea>ion  of  his  son  SaniueTs  reeiiini:  to  him  in  Ijatiu  a 
portion  of  Matthew  xii,  "  the  7th  verse  did  awfully  brini^  to  mind 
lli(!  Salem  Tragedie."  And  at  a  pul.lie  Fast,  .Tan.  11,  1G97,  in  the 
order  for  which  there  was  some  referiaice  to  the  doings  of  that  court 
of  Oyer  and  Terminer,  and  when  he  was  under  much  aillietion  on 
account  of  the  deaili  of  an  infant  dan-hter  and  other  troubles  and 
crosses,  he  presented  to  Kev.  Samuel  W'illard.  his  mini-^ter,  a '*  bill,"' 
which  was  read  in  the  wor>hipi)ing  assemi)ly  ;  (he  standing  up 
while  I\Ir.  Willard  r^ad  it.  and  bowing  in  token  o(  assent  when  he 
had  done:)  in  wliieji,  while  with  much  delicacy  lie  ap[)ears  to  have 
studiously  avoided  saying  any  thing  that  might  seem  to  implicate 
the  other  judges,  he  acknowledged  his  own  guilt  in  the  decisions  of 
tliat  court,  asked  the  [)ardon  of  it  both  of  God  and  man,  and  depre- 
cated the  Divine  judgments  on  account  of  his  sin  or  the  sin  ot  any 
other  person,  upon  himself,  his  family,  or  the  land. 

But  though  he  llius  conthmuicd  himself  for  the  part  lie  had  acted 
in  the  trials  at  Salem,  yet  the  public  conlldcnee  did  not  ajipear  to 
have  been  shaken,  either  in  him  or  the  other  .Judges.  For  on  the 
first  appointment  of  Judges  of  the  Superior  Court,  under  the  1^-ovin- 
cial  charter,  Dec.  G,  l(iO:2,  Mr.  Sewall  was  chosen  one.  The  others 
were  William  Stoughton,  Chief-Justice,  Thomas  Danforth,  John 
Richards,  and  Wait-Still  Winthrop,  each  of  whom,  excejjting  ]\Ir. 

;  Danforth,  had  been  members  of  the  Court  of  Oyer  and  Terminer. 
April  K),  171S,  he  was  appointed   to  succeed  Wait-Still  Winthrop 

i  as  Chief-Justice  of  the  Superior  Court.  And  although  from  various 
causes  there  were  numerous  changes  in  this  court  in  his  day,  yet 
he  still  retained  his  st-at  on  the  bench  until  17:.''^;  when,  in  conse- 
quence of  his  advanced  years  and  increasing  infirmilii's,  he  resigned 
it;  having  survived  more  tlian  ten  years  all  those  wiio  had  been 
members  of  that  court  from  the  beginnim:,  and  iiaving  olliciated 
in  this  capacity  under  the  Colonial  and  l^'ovincial  govenimenls 
upwards  of  forty  years.  At  the  same  time,  he  also  re.-igned  his 
ollice  of  Judge  of  I'roliate  for  the  county  of  Suifolk,  to  which  he 
had  been  ui)pointed  by  Lieut.  CIov.  'j'ailer,  in  171').       •■■         • 


'i',    ; '.  1 1  \ 

i;  ;,  ;.i .- 

i  ,  '     ■  1  '  ' 

h\ 


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n      ■.■■•!• 


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.-       I 


■  ■  r  ' ! '     •  •    .        ■ .   '    ' 

.;il     .l.lj    ■  '!■  1     it""' 

•  •'••--;'■■  rj   111   ,1.     '    .  ■     .  ' 


.;  .VU^.W  :   ■  ■■  ■      M     -^'^     :•■:■!'•■''     '   '  '^^  '"'■  ' 


,  i.  '  I  '  .  : 


lOs 


Memoir  of 


April, 


C'hicr-.In.stiee    Scwall    v.a.s   a   iiiaii    d    (li-liii^aii.--lu,'d    pii-iy.      lie 
feared  (lod  iVoiu   lii.-s  yoiilli,  and  ajipareiitly  made  il  ihe  main  end 
o(  his  life  to  ^^dorify  the  (lud  (if  hi.s  fathers,  by  waliviuL^  humbly  and 
uiiblainablv  belnie   him.      He  was  einiiienlly  a  devi.)ut   uiaii  ;  con- 
stant and  cxemphn-y  in  hl.-^  altendance  on  ihi;  woi^hij)  of  Clod,  both 
in  his  family,  aii'l  in  the  j)abrK^  assemljly.      lie  was  a  must  diliijeut 
hearer  of   ihi;    j)reaihiMg  of   the   gospcL      This   is   |)roved    by   his 
numerons   manu^eripl  vohunes  which   still  remain,  euntainiiiL;  the 
texts  and  ^a'lierai  ontlines  of  sermons  and  lectures,  which  he  heard 
both  at  home  and  abroad.      lie  wt)uld   often  devote  a  whole  day  to 
fastin^^,  reading  the  scriptures,  and  lommimion  v.ilh  CJotl  in  secret. 
On  such  occasions,  he  would  be  abundant  in  prayer  not  only  for 
himself,  family,  and   near  connections,  Ijut  would  al.-.o  frciiuenlly 
])our  out   his  enlarged   desires  in  cojiious   intercessions,   (minutely 
emimerated   in   many   in.-itanccs   in   his  Journal.)   on   behalf  of  the 
college  ;   the  civil  and   religious  interests  u[  the  lt)Wii,  province,  and 
land  in   which   he  dv/clt  ;  the   aboriginal   iidiabilants   and   African 
slaves  ;  the  destruction  of  papal  tyranny,  su[)er.Tiition,  and   u.-urpa- 
tion  ;  the  universal  e.\ten>ion  and  establislnnenl  of  Christ's  Idngdoai' 
lie  was  a  diligent  student  of  the  Scri|)lures,  reading  them  in  their 
inspired  originals;  and  was  prayerfully  solic-itous  not  only  to  receive 
and   obey   tlx-ir  instructions,  but  al.-o,   that   the   faith,  worshij),  and 
jiraetic'c  of  the  whole  church  of  (iod  should  be  in  exact  cunlormily 
with  them.      ^JMie   jirophelic   portions  of  the  sacred  volume    he  read 
with  an    in([ul.-ilivc    mind,  and    held   some   opinions    rc-pctiiiig  the 
events  ])redicted  in  them,  wliieh  would  lie  considered  singular  at  the 
j)resenl  tlay.      T'pon  tlie>e  and  kintlred  topics,  he  toolv  a  deep  inter- 
est in  conversing  and   corresponding  with  tht;   IJoston  clergy  gener- 
•  ally,  and  with  such  men  abroad  as  the  llcv.  ^Missr^.  lligginsonand 
Noyes  of  Salem,  "Wise  o(  Ipswieh,  'J\)rrey  of  A^^•ymoUlh,  AValter 
of  lloxbury,  ;\iid  Sloddard  of  Xordiami)lon  ;   Prcsideni  W.idsworlh 
of  Harvard  College,  and    Ivcctor  Williams  o{  Yale  College;    Cov. 
Saltt)nslall   of   Connecticut   andCIov.    IJurnet   of   Xev/  Yorh.  after- 
wards of    Massachusetts  ;    with   most    (}{  w  hom,  renmanis   ^.f   his 
correspondence  on  the.-(^  subjiH'ts  are  still  in  I'xisteuce.      In  H-'J?  he 
published  a  work  whicli  he  (h'dicated    to  Sir  William  .V.-hmsl   and 
Lieut.  Gov.    Stoughton,  called  "  lMi;enomena  (,|na'dam  .Vpocalyp- 
tica,"'  of  which   there  was  a  stn'ond    edition   in   IT'.'T;  and   in    1713 
another  work  styled  "Proposals  touching  the  ^Vciomi)lishmenl  of 
Proi)liecies."     IJotli  of  these  productions  c)f  his  |)en  wire  apjiarenlly 
uuich  r(\id  in  his  time,  thou'di  thev  have  now  l)eci>me  (.il'>ii!cle. 


l-.u!   1 


.H 


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A  '..  •;  > 


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VVVf    :n     t-ii     '     ••  '•  '•      >'■■''  '■' 


,,(,•>••'.  vr.'ii 


]^\7.] 


Hun.   Saijitul  ^^  .'•,///. 


100 


.Indite  Si'.wall  was  warmly  nlladicd  lo  tliat  sysicivi  of  faith,  and 
10  those  forms  of  worship  aiul  L'ovcniinrnt  in  ih(!  church,  \'.liich 
were  embraced  and  jM-acii-iMl  hy  ihc  l-'nriiiiii  scitlfrs  of  \r\v  hlii^- 
jaiul.  Occasionally  lie  cmployi'd  his  pen  in  their  ilhi.-lraiion  and 
(lefeiico.  And  he  was  slronL'Iy  oppo-ed  to  any  iiinovniioiis  in 
doctrine,  as  well  ;is  jimIous  of  any  cerenionii's  or  n-^aires  in  divine 
service,  that  savored  of  hiunaii  in\rnlii)n.  Siill  he  ahlioncd  perse- 
cution, and  exereiseil  candor  loward<  lho-e  who  dillered  iVotn  hiin 
ill  their  modes  of  worshiji  or  discijiliiie. 

ITe  possessed  an  ardent  di-ire  for  the  niiiversal  spread  and 
ol)e(lienl  rc^cepiion  of  the  gospel  among  ni'inkind.  lie  1)ec-;imr' 
particularly  iiil<'resled  in  the  spiritual  condition  of  the  aboriginal 
natives,  whom  he  Ijelit'ved,  with  the  aposlle  ]-'!iol,  to  be  descendants 
of  ihe  ten  eaptivi;  tribes  <if  Israel.  To  eneour:ii''e  tjie  pravini: 
riKJians  at  Natlek,  he  oeeasionally  i\iet  with  ihem  in  tlirir  worship, 
and  frequently  gave  them  peevmiarv  a.-<is!;mce.  'i'o  iho-e  at 
Sandwich,  he  contributed  largely  for  building  a  mectinL:-hous(>. 
And  from  Mather's  Magnalia  it  would  seem,  diat  for  some  Indian 
congregation  he  erected  a  house  oi  worship  entirely  at  his  own 
expense.  TTenc(?  those  Indians  '-prayed  for  him  under  this  character, 
'He  lovelh  our  nation  for  he  hath  built  us  a  synagogue.'*' 

His  zeal  on  belialf  of  the  Indian  natives  beinij  j<nown,  he  was 
chosen  in  1099  one  of  the  Conmiissioners  of  the  Siiciety  in  Eng- 
land for  the  ]'roi);igrition  of  the  Ciosi)el  in  New  l-aigland  and 
parts  adjacent;  and  shortly  after,  llnir  Secretary  and  Treasurer. 

His  sympathy  for  the  enslaved  Africans  was  very  great.  In  1700 
lie  published  a  tract,  enlilled  '•  The  Si-Hing  of  Joseph,"  in  which  he 
advocated  their  rights.  In  writing  to  Judge  Addington  Davenport, 
just  before  he  sal  on  the  trial  of  Samuel  Smith  of  Sandwich,  for 
killing  his  negro,  he  uses  the  following  language:  '•  I'he  jjoorest 
boys  and  girls  in  this  Province,  such  as  are  of  the  lowest  condition, 
whether  they  be  English,  or  Indians,  or  Ethiopians;  they  have  the 
same  right  to  religion  and  life,  that  the  richest  heirs  have.  And 
they  who  go  about  to  deprive  them  of  this  riijht  attempt  llu>  bom- 
barding of  Heaven;  and  the  shells  they  throw  will  I'all  down  on 
their  own  heads." 

John  Sallin,  a  judge  of  the  same  court  with  Judge  Sewall,  and 
a  shive-holder,  jirinted  an  answer  to  "  The  Selling  of  Jose])h,"  lo 
which  Judge  Sewall  alludes  in  a  letter  to  Rey.  John  Higi^inson  of 
Salem,  then  the  oldest  minisler  in  the  Province,  and  one  of  the 
most  venerated  men  in  New  iMigland.     The   letter  is  dated   April 


J.V. 


f! 


'r':i'>'i> 


t)H';    !^i^"")!; 


.1 1 


•'i' 


.'•I" 


I  -••., 


(       ' 


..^   J 


■.'v  1    ;•!       .ti       ■;  /'■  r, 


(TO    :!.'■>•;  1     '.  '     - 


:■      .7 


ill      i:< 


fl.    >■:;!•/' 


■110  ■  '.•  ,  Memoir  of  [April, 

13,  170G,  and  the  aIlu.slon  is,  "Amidst  llie  frowns  and  hard  v/ords  1 
have  met  with  for  this  undertaking,  it  is  no  small  refre.-hinent  to  me, 
that  I  have  the  learned,  reverend  and  aged  Mr.  IIii,'ginson  for  my 
abettor.  By  the  interposition  of  this  breast  work,  I  hope  to  carry 
on  and  manage  this  enterprise  with  safety  and  snccess,"'  In  a  letter 
to  Henry  Newman  at  London,  afterwards  agent  for  the  Province  of 
New  Hampshire,  whieli  accompanied  a  copy  of  "  The  Selling  of 
Josejih,"  he  desires  liim  to  do  something  "towards  taking  away 
this  wicked  j)raetiec  of  Slavery,"  expressing  the  opinion  tliat 
there  would  '-be  no  progress  in  gosjjelling"  until  slavery  was 
abolished. 

Judge  Sewall  was  a  proficient  in  classical  learning,  and  a  friend 
of  learning  and  learned  men.  Such  was  the  confidence  in  his 
wisdom  and  discernment  by  the  founders  and  Trustees  of  Yale 
College,  that  he  was  employed  by  them  in  1701,  together  v.'ilb  ... 
Hon.  Isaac  Addington,  to  draw  up  statutes  for  the  regulation  of  %\ 
their  infant  seminary.  And  of  Harvard  College,  of  which  he  was 
sometimes  a  Ilesident  Fellow,  and  afterwards,  as  a  member  of  the 
Council,  one  of  the  Board  of  Overseers  for  many  years,  he  was  a 
warm  and  steady  friend  and  liberal  benefactor.  ^ 

In  his  judicial  capacity,  he  was  a  person  of  distinguished  inleg-  Wl 
rity  and  uprightness;  administering  the  laws  of  the  land  with  -yi 
justice  and  impartiality,  mingled  with  clemency;  a  terror  to  cvii  |^ 
doers,  and  a  praise  lo  such  as  did  well.  fdk 

He  was  also  a  person  of  eminent  humility  and  meekness,  '^. 
benevolence  and  charity.  His  house  was  a  seat  of  hospitaUly, 
ever  open  to  all  good  men.  The  learned  found  Ijim  an  intelligent  " 
companion ;  the  ministers  of  the  gospel  a  liberal  patron  and  friend. 
Pie  visited  the  fatherless  and  widow  in  their  aflliction,  and  gave 
much  alms  to  the  needy,  especially  to  indigent  ministers  or  their 
bereaved  families.  He  distributed  in  the  course  of  the  last  year 
ol  his  life  four  hundred  copies  of  such  publications  as  Milchel  on 
the  Glory  of  Heaven,  Walter  on  the  Holiness  of  Heaven,  Lee's 
Triumph  of  Mercy,  Mather's  Mighty  Saviour,  Mather's  Glory  of 
Christ,  Higginson's  Legacy  of  Peace,  Loring  on  the  New  Birth, 
The  Strait  Gale,  Faith  and  Fervency  in  Prayer,  Gibbs's  Sermon  to 
Little  Children,  as  is  particularly  noted  in  his  Almanac  for  that 
year.  His  last  illness  was  of  about  a  month's  continuance.  He 
died  in  a  triumphant  hope  of  immortal  life  and  glory,  on  the  morn- 
ing of  Jan.  1,  17:29-30,  in  the  seventy-eighth  year  of  his  age. 

Judge   Sewall  was  thrice  married;   1.  lo  Hannah  Hull,  daughter 


r. 


;  • '  J I , 


.1,/. 


.1.,  ,. 


'[••      !    :;>. 


<; 


to'*    :rrs 
it;t     r;.';.,  . 


l'.':.    r.    t    ,    ^j,.  ;;4,j;"|)>    1.;,     • 

.:  .'   -;;  ,.,,!     ',:    'H...  .v. 


a-'j"!    e-f'     iv/t    ■^'.iir'■l^■    (;r    ,"»,,.     •!:     '.      ..-.'Ly.   ■■'m;.  ■'!'   ..  o    ' 


!::  !:f.  ■  ;••  . 


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n-.vMJCiii    ■■■r('     vj  T 


■ili'V    ;'      ;i.   y(.; 


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•1  )      j;':.!  ••....;'      • 

■■■;    ...,,y   .  .,; 


]M1.]  lion,   i^amuc!  ScwalL  "ill 

of  lion.  John  Hull;  2.  lo  widow  Ahii^ail  Tilley;  and  3.  to 
'  widow  IMary  Gibbs,  who  survived  him,  IJ.-  had  children  by  his 
first  wife  only;  namely,  seven  sons  and  seven  daughters.  Of 
iho^-e  fourteen  children  only  six  lived  to  mature  age.  and  only  three 
survived  him.  We  purjiosely  omit  in  this  article  a  further  account 
I  of  the  family,  as  we  intend  to  give  in  some  future  No.  of  this  work, 
a  full  Genealogical  Memoir  of  the  Sewall  Family. 

Judge  Sewall  left  numerous  volumes  of  manuscrijMs,  indicative 
of  his  industry  and  attentive  observation.  Among  them,  beside 
several  small  volumes  of  a  miscrllaiieous  character,  are, 

1.  A  Journal  of  occurrences,  vVc.,  from  Dec,  1673,  to  July, 
1G77.  This  was  destroyed  by  a  fire  at  l]oston,  in  18:24  ;  but  a  copy 
of  it  had  been  previously  taken,  which  yet  remains. 

3.  Three  volumes  of  .Journals,  from  Feb.,  10^1— 3,  to  Oct.,  1729, 
within  three  months  of  his  death.  Also,  a  small  volume,  beino-  a 
Journal  of  his  voyage  to  Fngland,  \'c.,  in  IGS^. 

3.  A  Letter  Book,  containing  coj)ies  of  his  letters  to  his  cor- 
respondents, and  in  some  instances,  of  theirs  to  him;  from  Feb.? 
1085-6,  to  f^ept.,  1729. 

4.  A  Common  Place  Book  in  quarto,  containing  extracts  from 
authors  in  English  and  Latin  on  various  subjects  which  he  had 
read. 

5.  Five  volumes  in  12mo,  containing  sketches  of  sermons 
and  lectures,  which  he  heard  at  home  and  abroad. 

For  most  of  the  above  facts,  we  are  indebteti  to  the  Rev.  Samuel 
Sewall  of  Burlinirton,  and  the  late  John  Farmer,  Esq.,  of  Concord, 
N.  II.  ^ 


LETTER  OF  THE  FIRST  CHIEF-JUSTICE  SEWALL  TO  HIS  SON, 
SAMUEL  SEWALL,  ESQ,  OF  BROOKLIXE.  GIVING  AN  ACCOUNT 
OF  HIS  FAMILY. 

Boston,  J}iril  21,1120. 
Dear  Son, 

You  have  often  desireil,  that  I  woulii  i^ive  you  sunio  account  of  the  family  of 
whicli  yuu  art'.  And  allho'  I  .im  mncli  h-ss  ah  e  to  .Im-  any  thin:,'  of  this  nature  now 
vvh.'ii  I  have  hooti  leltofiiiy  dear  I'arouts  verv  near  l^seniv  years,  vet  considering  the 
Ioniser  I  slay,  the  more  unlil  I  ^hall  lie,  lak.'  what  1  have  to'^.iy  as  follow  s  ; 

ilr.  Henry  Sewall,  tiiy  i;ieat  Grandfather,  was  a  Linen  l)rnj)er  in  the  Citv  of  Coven- 
try in  Great  Ijritain.  He  ac(]uirecl  a  gieat  Estate,  was  a  priiJ.ent  Man,  and  was  more 
than  once  chosen  Mayor  of  the  City. 

Mr.  Henry  .Sewall,  my  (.'randfather,  was  hi^  eMcjt  Sun,  who  out  of  dislike  to  the 
F-n^hsh  Hierarchy  .sent  over  his  only  Son,  niv  I'alher,  .Mr.  lleniy  Sewall.  to  New 
En^l.uid  in  the  year  li').!I,  with  .\el  Catlel  and  Fnmsioii-  sui.ihle  for  a  new  I'lantalion. 
Mr.  Colton  would  have  had  niv  Father -eltle  at  Uo^ton  ;  hut  in  re::arJ  ofliis  Catlel  he 
ehobe  to  li'-c  to  .N'.'w  hiiry,  wliiilier  tiiy  (Jran.lfather  soon  followed  him.  Wh.'re  al.-o  rny 
<.'randl.ilh.'r  .Mr.  SL-phen  Duniincr  and  .Mice  his  wit.'  Iil.rwi«e  dwelled  und.-r  the 
Ministry  ol'  the  Jieveiend  .^l^.  'I'hoaias  I'aiucr  and  .Mr.  Jaiin'.s  .\oves. 


!;;•-! 


If)    S^ 


'  .  .  '  r 


■'■■  I 


•  I ,-    .-I 


■  ■  ■'    r   '  i 


■'■^(■•■;        J 


,  ■    1    •^  ■ 


/  ''. 


■'    i 


n-2  Ullrr  of  Cliirf-Jii.s/irc   Srvall.  [April, 

On  Ihe-J.'illi  Min-li,  li'.l''.,  Uirlianl  Salloii'^nll.  F.-q.  Grandfatlipr  of  GiirJon  Saltoiv 
St  ill.  Kill- now  (JDvenioiir  t.>i"  CiKim'ciii'ui.  juiiifJ  to_'i't!ii'r  in  Mirriiiu'"' niy  littier  Mr. 
Henry  Si'UmII,  and  rnv  Molln-r  Mr-.  .I.uii'  Dunim.'r,  cKlf-t  Child  of  Mr.  Sl.>|ilH-n  Durr;- 
rner  afoiesaid,  and  Alice  las  wifj ;  tiiy  I'-iiIilt  laiiij  ihen  alioiil  LlJ,  and  my  M'jllier 
about  l',<  years  of  aire. 

But  the  Clitnit  h-iti^  not  ai;rep\ldt?  to  niy  Grandf ither  and  Grandmolhcr  Dummer, 
(who've  Aliideii  ij.ut)"  was  Archer)  tliey  relnrned  to  Kniiiand  the  \\  inter  follow  ing,  and 
niy  Father  with  tlieni.  and  d\ielt  av\liih->  at  \V.iru;ck.  and  afterwaids  rer.iovrd  to 
Hani[)-^hire.  My  Sister  Hannah  Tappin,  their  oldest  Chihi,  was  born  at  'I'unworlh 
M.iy  iu;h,  1010.  Hiptised  by  Mr.  H.iskins.  I  was  born  at  Cishop  Stoke,  March  '^H, 
1C5"2;  so  thai  the  li^ht  of  the  Lord's  Ray  was  the  first  jiijht  that  rny  Kyes  iaw,bpin» 
born  a  little  b  More  daybreak.  I  was  b.i[)lised  by  Mr.  Uishlv.  (sornetirtio  Member  of 
the  Olil  Chnreli  in  IJosioa)  in  Stoke  Church  May  ttli,  \<'>i'i->.  Mr.  Rashly  first  preached 
a  Sermon,  aiid  then  baptised  me.  After  whioli  an  enli-rtainment  was  made  fi>r  him  and 
many  m^re.  S  )me  mon'.hs  alter,  my  Father  rerijovod  to  B.ide^ly,  wliere  my  Brother 
.Tohn  Sewall  was  born  Oct.  H).  li'i-'»I,  and  was  baptised  in  mv  Father's  Honse  Nov.  22 
by  Mr.  Hi'ury  Cok,  .^Iinister  of  Bisliop  Stoke.  Nlv  brotlier  Stephen  Sewall  was  born 
at  Bade-ly  Au,'.  I'Jth,  1i'>.j7,  baptised  in  niy  lather's  house  by  the  said  I^Ir.  Cox.  *  ♦ 
*  *  *  My  Father  hail  maile  one  Voyai,'o  to  New  Kngland  to  visit  my  Grandfather 
Mr.  Henry  Sewall.  And  in  the  year  ]i'>y.i.  he  went  thither  ai;ain;  his  rents  at  Newbur}' 
cominii  to  very  little  when  remitted  to  F.niiland.  In  my  father's  al>sence,  OcIoUt  2,\ 
li'ij'J,  my  Sister  J, me  Gerrish  was  born  at  Badesly  and  was  bajitised  by  Mr.  Cox  at 
Bishop  Stoke  in  the  honse  of  Mr,  Boys. 

At  this  B.ideslv,  by  the  merciful  ;:oodiiess  of  G.>il,  I  was  tau.Tht  to  read  T'.ni:lish.  And 
afterwards  was  eilncated  in  the  (Jrunmar  School  at  ivumsey  of  which  Mr.  Fiycs  was 
.Master. 

Mv  blather  sent  lor  my  Mother  to  come  to  him  to  New  En^rland.  I  remersibjr  being 
at  Bishop  Stoke  and  B.idesly,  April  2'!,  Uol,  the  day  of  the  Coronation  of  K  Charles 
the  2d,  the  Thunder  and  Li^hteninL':  of  it.  (iuickly  after  my  Mother  went  to  Win- 
Chester  with  G  small  Ciiildren,  ll.innah,  Samuel.  John.  Stephen  and  Jane;  and  John 
NasVi  and  .^la^y  IbiKs  Iit  Servants;  there  to  be  in  a  readiness  for  the  Pool  AVaij^'ons. 
At  this  place  her  near  Relations,  especially  mv  very  worthy  and  pious  Uncle  Mr.  Ste- 
phen Dummer  took  loav(>  with  Te  irs.  Cipt.  Dummer  of  Swathlini;  tre.itcd  us  with 
Raisins  and  .•\lrnond--.  My  Mother  lod^etl  in  Pump-yanl  I.,ondon,  waiting;  lor  the  jroin* 
of  the  Ship,  the  prudent  Marv,  Capl.  Isaac  Wool^reen  Commander.  Went  by  water 
to  (iraves  l!nd  where  the  Ship  lav.  Took  in  She.'p  at  Do\cr.  Pas5eni,'ers  in  tiie  Sliip 
at  the  same  time'  were  M.ijor  Drown,  a  yonn;^  brisk  Merchant,  ami  a  considerable 
Freighter,  Mr.  (Jilhert  and  his  wife,  He  was  Minister  at  Top-field:  Madam  liradstreet 
[then  Gardener]  Mrs.  Martha,  Mr.  Pitkins  Sister,  who  died  lately  at  Windsor,  and  many 
others.  We  were  about  eight  weeks  at  Sea,  where  we  had  nothing  to  see  but  AS'ater 
and  the  Sky;  so  thai  I  began  to  fear  I  sliouid  never  get  to  Shoar  again  :  only  I  thought 
the  Capt.  and  Mariners  would  not  have  ventured  ihemselves  if  they  had  not  hopes  c-f 
getting  to  Land  agun  Capt.  ^Voodgrcen  arrived  here  on  Salteniay.  I  was  oveijoyed 
to  see  Land  again,  e5[)ecially  bi-in^'  so  near  it  as  in  the  Narrows.  'Twas  so  'ate  by  that 
time  we  got  to  the  Castle,  that  our  men  iield  a  discourse  with  them  whether  they 
should  lire  or  no,  and  reckoned  'twas  agreed  not  to  doe  it.  But  presently  after  the  Castle 
fired;  which  much  displeased  the  Ship's  Company;  and  then  they  fired.  On  the  Lord's 
day  my  Mother  kept  aboard  ;  but  I  went  ashoar,  the  Boat  grounded,  ami  I  was  carried 
out  in  arms  July  G,  lijol.  My  Mother  lodg'd  at  Mr.  Richard  Collicott's.  Tliis  week 
there  was  a  publick  Thanksgivini:.  My  Father  hastened  to  Boston  and  carried  his 
Family  to  Newbury  by  Water  in  Mr.  Lewis  *  *  *  Brother  Tapan  has  told  me  our 
arrival  there  was  niton  Lecture-day  \s  hich  was  Wednesday.  Mr.  Urdway  carried  me 
ashore  in  his  Canoe.  We  sojourned  at  Mr.  Titcomb's.  My  Father  presently  sent  me 
to  school  to  the  Reverend  and  Excellent  Mr.  Thomas  Parker,  with  w  bom  1  continued 
till  my  entrance  into  the  College  ;  being  admitted  by  ihe  very  learned  and  pious  Mr. 
Charles  Chauncey. 

Sept.  3.  It'iOo  j\Iother  was  brought  to  bed  of  Sister  Anne,  Mr.  Joshua  Moodey  the 
Minister's  IMother  being  her  Midwife.     Baptised  by  Mr.  Parker. 

May  8.  IGi'j.^  Sister  Mehetabel  was  born  :  Ba].tised  by  Mr.  Parker.  She  became  wife 
to  the  midwife's  Grandson  Mr.  William  Moodey.  Dorothy  Sewall  (now  Korthend)  was 
born  Oct.  -i'J.  IGOS.     Baptised  by  Mr.  Parker. 

At  this  time  the  commencement  was  in  AiiLjust.  In  the  vear  1C'')7  my  Hither  I)rought 
me  to  be  adinitted,  by  which  means  I  he.ird  Mr.  Rich.ird  Mather  of  Dorchester  preach 
Mr.  Wilson's  Funeral  Sermon.  "  )'"i/;-  J'lithirs  irh'ic  an-  t/m/  .<"'  I  was  .uimiittii  by  the 
very  learned  and  juous  .Mr.  (,'harles  Ch.iuncey,  who  gave  me  my  first  Decree  in  the 
year  1G71.  There  were  no  M.isters  in  th.it  ye.ir.  'J'hi'se  Bachelours  were  ihe  last  Mr. 
Ch  iUncey  gave  a  degree  to,  for  he  died  the  February  following. 

Ill  July  JG7J,  Dr.  Hoar  came  over  with  his  Laily  and  sojourned  with  your  Graiulfa- 


'- 1 


•.v./-^- 


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t.  .1;    nu. 
I IV)     'I 


•1.    ' 


1^17.]  Col.   douhins  Letter.  113 

tScr  Ilnll.  II"  (Dr.  II  vu)  was  my  Aunt  Quiiirey"^  Hrotlior,  .ini!  preachf^il  as  an  a«-ist- 
iint,  lo  the  U'.-v.  Mr  'riiunas  Tliacher  at  tlio  S'oulli  Cliurcli.  Tli(»  Collff^c-  quickly 
cilli'd  liim  ti>  lio  I'l. ■-;.!. •III.  Ik'  \v.\>  iiislallfd  in  tlii-  Cull<'i;L-  Hall  in  l)._'>-ctiil)'T  107-2. 
C,)V.  I'..'llin^h:un  l.iv  'lead  in  his  Ilmisc,  ami  Dcp.  (^n-.  I.i'vi.-rftt  was  the  Chief  Civil 
.M.i;,'islrat  prcsiMit  at  tliat  Sulciiuiity.  The  Maroli  folhiwiiig  .Mis.  ]5iiJg(--l  Hnar.  now 
Cotton,  was  lioiii  in  C  ini'TJ.!:;'^  In  loTI  I  took  my  'M  Di'LTfc,  aiui  Mis.  Hannah  Hull, 
my  lii'ar  Wid?,  yoni  lii-mdnred  .M.'tlier,  wa-.  invitivl  by  tin:  i)r.  and  his  Lady  to  be  with 
Idem  a  wiiile  at  Caiii'.ind^c  She  -  iw  ii;-'  when  I  took  my  Doirr''''  ami  sot  Irt  afh  c'ion 
on  mo,  tlio'  I  knew  nothinirrf  it  till  alliTonr  Marria^'e ;  which  was  February  '-""ll». 
l('i7J0.  (Jov.  ISrad-treet  in  irrie  1  us  in  that  wi>  call  the  Old  Hall;  'twas  then  all  in 
one,  a  very  liru'^'  Uoom.  A-;  I  nni'Mu'i'T.  .M  idani  'J'hicher  and  Madam  I'ai^i-,  with 
whom  Gov.  HiaiUtreel  hn  mled,  \  ibilcil  n>  the  ne.vtdav. 

Oil  the  •J>1  of  April,  11.77,  it  p'c  i-e  1  ( i  .d  i,i  f  i\ our  us  with  tlie  birtli  of  your  brother 
I'-  John  Sewall,  our  ("irsl-boni.  In  .Inn  •  I'.T-^  y>u  w  iMe  bun.  Your  biolher  liveil  till  the 
%  September  f.)llowinL',  and  then  died  S.i  tl,  ,I  l<;  '.'h/  imde-erved  Goodness  of  God  your 
Mother  and  I  iievi-r  wcri'  wiihout  a  child  .I'.'iir  il.''  '.'d  of  Ajiril  Jt'i77. 

In  the  Fall  liwS^  I  w  ,is  seize, 1  with  the  .•^mil!  I'.u-ks  and  bron^iit  very  near  to  tteath  ; 
so  near  th.it  I  was  reported  to  lie  dead.  Tut  it  pl.MSfd  (.'OD  oi  Lis  Merry  to  Recover 
me.  Miillitudes  died,  two  of  my  special  Fiiends:  vi/.  .^lr.  .lohii  Noye<.  and  Knsign 
Benjamin  ThirNton,  w  ho  botii  iii''d  \vhilc  I  lay  «ick  :  ;'.:id  Mr.  Willi  iiii  Jtunimcr,  Son 
of  Jeremiah  Huinin'r  l".-q,  a-eil  a!i  mt  1,'  yea,-.  I'ie-,.-nt  1  s'  alter  ins'  \b'CM\cry,  in 
December,  Col.  Town-i-nd  and  1  were  b,Mreis  to  Mr.  .lo-eph  T.ippin.  one  ol  the  most 
noted  Shop  keepers  in  llo.-lon 

Anil  now  M-hat  shill  I  n-nder  to  the  I, on)  |",.r  all  his  liMiefit-.  '  Th':'  ifood  Lord  help 
me  lo  walk  humbly  and  'i'ii  inkl'ally  with  Him  all  my  d  ly-  :  aiul  luoiil  by  Men  ie^  and 
hv  Alilictions  ;  ih.it  thr,)U'.'h  F.iith  ami  l'.itieii,-e  Innya!-o  indue  time  fully  inherit 
liie  Promises.     Let  us  incessantly  pr,i\'  tor  each  other,  that  it  may  h'^  so  ! 

S.\.mi'i;l  Skw.m.l. 

Jiigt.  2o,  17  JO.  ...  ,  ,  ,       . 

[Postcript  to  the  above  letter,  by  the  son  of  tlie  writer,  Samuel  Sewall,  I'sq.,  of 
Brooklin  ••  to  whom  the  letter  was  a,ldrcs~e,l. 

"June  ;jnth.  17.".'.  llec'  tiie  followiiii:  a.-i  of  mv  Hon  '  F,ilher :  viz.  my  fiieal  flrand- 
father  Sewall  lived  at  .\e\sbury  at  Ohi  TuWii  l.ieen  where  the  llrst  Nleciini;  House 
Stood;  and  upr)n  the  llemoval  of  the  Mectini;  House  where  it  now  stands  (bein^JT  Mr. 
Tappin's  .Mei-tinLT  Honx')  [[^  sold  his  Hou^c  and  tJrouml  and  moved  lo  Rowley  wheie 
he  died  and  u  as  Ikiried.'  J 


COL.  (JOOKIX'S  LKTTKll  TO   i;i;V.  NATllAMKL  COOKIX  OF  UVAV- 

TO.\   X.  II. 

JViiludilphia,  f'    -JJ'  1710.    ; 
Dr.  SR 

'J'he  business  of  y"'  Province  sometimes  requins  me  to  visit  y'^'  e.xtreme  parts  of 
it  and  1  am  often  obliijed  to  slay  at  New  C,i>lle  y  chief  town  oi  y  ne.xl  ii'ovcinmeiit, 
and  by  that  means  miss  manv  opportunities  of  answcrin;^  my  friends'  letters,  this  and 

t !_  ._    .. (!..!_    *  .    !*  „    .1     ■  »      I    I     ,    .    ..--,„.■.    _- . «...    l.„  ...,    1     1.^  ^  ..  I    iV^r^ 


— y  1' .•    .- "-■, -.,.,  .......  , -- -  - 

in  writim,'  in  an  unkind  seii'-o,  but  believe  1  have  a  due  regard  for  all   my  lelations  and 
tlial  I  am  in  a  more  p.irticul.ir  manner 

I  Superscription.]  D'  Coss"  y'  very  alFec'^'  Kin-'man 

To  lh.j  Reveiend  Mr.  iNatld  (.'ookin,  and  Sent 

att  Hampton,  N.  Hamp-hire,  Chas.  (Jookin. 

Ficc  Cu.  Ctunl.in.  via  j;ovt,_in. 


;,.-,,  1 


;V. 


-  :..;;•  (      .v■^     -  'V  V  '-i'"  ■<■   \ 


•\  :■'.: 


.;"::h  .o..:i 


Ill 


His  tori/  of  the 


[April, 


IirSTORY  OF  THE   IMLCiRIM   SOCIETY, 

WITH  A  liUlEr  ACCOUNT  OF  TIU:  KARLV  SKTTr.CMrNT  OF  n.Y.MOrTIl  COLONY. 

As  introductory  to  a  lujtico  of  the  Pili^nim  Society,  the  narra- 
tion of  a  few  I'act.s  in  reference  to  the  early  M'lllenicnt  of  New 
Enuhunl  may  bt;  neither  inapprojjriate  nor  unintererilin:^^  II  will 
serve  also  to  elucidate  more  iully  the  objects  ol   the  Society. 

Rclii^Mous  persecution  was  the  chief  cause  of  the  emii^ration  of 
our  forel'athers  to  this  country.  'i'he  memorable  Reformation, 
cllected  principally  by  the  instrumentality  of  Luther  and  Calvin, 
appeared  in  England  in  150-1,  under  Henry  VIII.  During  its  pro- 
gress, in  the  reigns  of  .Mary,  ]']li/:abelh,  and  James  I.,  those  who 
were  ilenominatei-l  Puritan.- "^^  were  subjected  to  the  mo.-t  cruel  op- 
[)ression.  Thousands  suil'ered  martynJom  ;  nianv  were  banished; 
and  olher.s  were  doomed  to  jxTpriual  imprisonment. 

Those  Puritans  who  lived  in  the  north  of  I']ngland  wire,  on 
account  cjf  their  dispersed  state,  divided,  in  the  year  IGUtJ,  into  two 
distinct  churches.  \\'^ith  one  of  lliesi;  was  coimeeled  the  celebrated 
John  Robinson,  who  afierwards  bec-auje  its  mini.-^ler.  Persecuted 
for  non-conformiiv  'o  the  establi.>hed  church,  he,  with  a  part  ol  his 
congregation,  that  they  might  worship  Clod  according  to  the  dic- 
tates (if  their  consciences,  removed  in  J007-S  \o  Am>terdam,  in 
Holland,  where  religious  toleration  was  then  sanctioned  by  lav/; 
antl  soon  after,  (in  IGOO.)  they  v/ent  to  licyden,  where  they  formed 
themselves  into  a  church,  according  to  the  pattern  prescribed,  as 
ihey  supposed,  ijy  the  word  of  (iod.  In  that  jjlace  they  remained 
till  dieir  removal  to  America.  "  Their  motives  for  this,"  (their 
removal,)  "wen-  to  preserve  the  morals  oi  their  youth;  to  prevent 
them,  through  want  of  employment,  iVum  leaving  their  [larcnts  and 
engaging  in  business  unfriendly  to  religion;  to  avoid  \\\v.  incon- 
veiuenees  of  incor))orating  with  the  Dutch;  to  lay  a  foumlalion  for 
propagating  the  gt)spel  in  the  n-mote  jiarts  of  the  world;  and,  by 
separating  from  all  the  existing  eslat)lishuients  in  hlurope,  lo  lorni 
the   model  of  a  pure  church,   free  from   the  admixture  of  human 


*  Tlio  Xerm  Piin'tiiii  w.is  orii^inally  a  ti-riii  of  rt'iiroacli.  ihuiuli  now  mie  ol' coiinnenila- 
lion.  Nl-,iI,  ill  liis  Ilisturv  of  tlie  riint;ins,  .spoailc^  iKii^  of  then:  :  "  ll  a  111:111  iiiiiinuimi-il  liij 
Mf.uly  ailliLTfiiic  U)  the  ilm-lriiK-s  ol  Calvin  ami  tlio  Syiii.d  wl"  lior!  ;  H  li<'  ko;il  liio  ^^.lbl';(ll^ 
and  ln't|uciilL-il  stTinoiis  ;  iC  In;  iiiaiiilaiia-tl  raniily  rcli-iuii  ami  wkuKI  iiciIIht  >ufar  nor  lie 
ilriiiilc.  ihir  roiiijily  wall  the  la>lihjii.il"U'  vioi'.>  nl'  ilic  liiiit.'>.  lu;  was  cilli-il  a  I'l  1: 1,4.'  The 
I'unlaiis  aro>e  in  liie  ivii;il  i>("  ( iiioiM  lib/  ilnla.  Al'uT  llif  laimnis  Act  ot'  Umloriiiity,  or,  as 
It  i>  i-.illcil,  the  Uarlhuluiauw  Art,  pa^-cd  by  llic  luiyii.-sli  I'ailiameiil.  in  li.r.J.  tUcy  were 
(mIIi'iI  Xou-coiilbrini>ts.  ^iiu'e  that  jicTiod  tl'icy  have  bocn  more  I'cnc.'ally  deiio!:iina;cJ 
Dis»entcis. 


'A 


i.   i>/   i-'.>wO.':; 


•M    ■'' 


H17.] 


Pih'r'iDi    >^urirti/. 


115 


addilioii^;."  ^^"llal  Lord  IJrougliani,  of  "J'Ji^hind,  has  saitl  of  tlic 
N(>rlli  Amcricati  c-oIoh'k's  in  iri'iirral,  is  luosl  siriclly  and  (anpliali- 
cally  true  of  i!r\-c  iiidi\  idiial>  in  parlicadar.  "All  idra  of  w  i-ahh 
or  pleasure  was  out  o\'  ihe  (lU('sru)u.  Tlic  greater  j)art  *>(  tlieui 
viewed  tlu'ir  euli^u•all(.)u  as  lakiuL'  up  the  cross,  and  l)ounded  tla'ir 
hopes  of  weallli  to  the  ijilV  of  the  Spirit,  and  their  a;iiliitieai  to  the 
dcsir(?  of  a  liingdoni  l)evt)nd  the  i:rav(\  A  Mt  of  men  more;  con- 
scientious in  their  doini^'s,  or  siuiph^  in  ilieir  maimers,  never  founded 
;uiy  common  wealth." 

Sueli  were  the  reasons  which  in(hiccd  the  foundiTS  of  New 
England  to  leave  all  that  was  dear  to  them  in  l^ngland  and  Holland, 
and  to  remove  to  ihe.-e  then  inhospitaMe  .-liores;  rea-ons  sullieient 
to  alfeet  tlu>  minds,  hearts,  and  conduct  of  some  oi'  tiie  best  men 
that  ever  lived.  Spi'aking  of  tliem,  (,!overnor  Sloughton  reniarked. 
''God  sificd  a  A\Iiole  nation  that  he  miglit  send  choice  grain  over 
into  this  wildcrncs.-.'' 

In  accoiiipli.-hiiig  their  ohjeet,  "it  was  agreed  by  the  English 
congregation  at  Lcvden,  that  some  of  their  )uunbcr  should  go  to 
America  to  make  preparation  for  tlu;  rest.  ^Ir.  lutbinson,^  their 
minister,  was  prevailcii  on  to  stay  with  the  greater  part  at  T.cydcn  ; 
i\rr.  ]5rewster,t  their  elder,  v.;is  t;)  accom]iauy  the  fir.-t  advcutmiTS, 
but  these  and  their  brethren  remaining  in  Holland  were  to  continue 
10  be  one  church,  and  to  receive  each  other  to  Christian  coumnmion 
without  a  formal  dismi>sion,  or  te>iimoniaI.  Several  of  the  congre- 
gation sold  their  c.-'aU's  and  made  a  couunon  Ijank,  which,  1<^gelhcr 
with  money  received  from  other  adventurers,  ena'.jled  them  to  pur- 
chase the  Speedwell,!  a  ship  of  sixty  tons,  and  to  hire  in  I'higland 


*  Thf  ][rv.  Mr  Ito'.m-.ui  never  eaine  \n  ?;.-\v  lln.-limd  ii-  !ic  inl.'ivl.-d  ;  Imt  <Vn  .1  ;il,Ley- 
dfii.  Mireli  1,  I'.j'i,  Ml  t!io  liHielh  vear  ul'  l.i>  ii-e.  I1i>\vhK.\v  ami  elukii-oil  allcrvvai;!-  eauie 
\o  I'iyiuoiilli.  }.!,-  l.'u'.iiivMl  iv.iMVeil  a  Uliiver-i!v  e.lMealinii  in  1  Ji-laiul,  aiul  iwulvd  amulli: 
Ila-  lir^l  (liMiie- ..f  In-!  a-e  I'riiiec,  ihe  New  llii-laiul  Aiiiki1i~i.  m  lii>  C'hroii.il..-y,  thus 
•■peal:-  ..f  luiii  :  -  He  wa^  liijhlv  c-teeiiie,l  Im/Ji  l.y  tiie  eiiy  and  mii\tT>ilv  ul"  l.eyleii.  I.>r  lii> 
Ic.iiiiiiu'.  pi.-lv.  inuilenilioii,  and  e\ee!lenl  aeeompli-linienls.  The  lua- islrate>,  elcri-'V,  and 
sclii>l.;r>  l.iini-nU'd  In-  ilea'.li  a>  a  |iiiM;e  !..->.''  . 

t  Mr  Wiili.iiii  i;rew>!ei-\\.ivlHnn  ni  Kni  land ,  l-'"  0.  u  a- eiliiraled  at  iho  1  iiiver-il  y  ol  (  am- 
l.ndL.'e,andl.eeaniea/e,,;.M.-  I'ni.iau.  1 1.,- r-  -id,d  ,u  ihe  umll:  ..|  laiuland  and  w  lua  llie  ehnreli 
wa>  I.Ttia-d  over  wlnelMlie  llev.  .M--.-I-.  Ilhl.ard  Cidlon  and  .l.iliii  lIol.niM.ii  w  ere  I'.daiiiod 
as  pasiiir.-..  the  nieinliers  met  al  hi-  hon-e  .ui  l,.>id'>  dav  li.r  wor^lni).  so  Kaiir  as  ihey  wore- 
nfrniHted  hv  ihe  ei\  il  aullior.lie-.  When  llie  cdiinvh.  wiih  ih.'ir  |ia-I..rs.  <ia  aerounlul  persc- 
culi.Mi.  had  reniovd  lu  llullaial.  Mr.  I'.rew-ier  was  eUei.'d  Umiu:'  I'.lder  All.r  ihc  arrival 
ofllu-  i'lLrnn-al  I'Unionlii,  he  u-.ia!lv  pieaeiied  to  iheiu  lui  ■>  everv  SaLLalh  I.ir  nine  \  ears, 
;:-lh.'v  hu\  la.re.'n'ar  nuni-!erl.ll  Mr.  Kalidi  Sin.lh  was  ..rdaine.l  the, r  pastor,  ni  I'.-M;  l.ul 
he  ncv.Tadniini-Iered  the -aer.iinen!-..  I  le  was  a  in. in  ni  whom  llu;  eliureli  rejio-ed  llie 
ino-i  nnhniited  eonlldetiec^  in  re>;,eel  In  all  then-  -pinlnal  aliairs.  l"or  piety  he  was  einnieut. 
J'or  hnn,.iii  a-  well  a-sae,ed  l.teralnre.  he  h.i.l  a  -re,, I  ia-,e  ;  and  at  In.- iloalli,  whieli  ..eearred 
April  M.  I'U  1.  hrinLT  ^  ;  ve  ir-  oM,  he  lel'i  a  hind-oin,'  I  '.larv  vahu-d  in  that  ,lav  at  /■'■tii-tlucc 
ponnd-,  a  eatalo..'iie  ul'  wiiieh  is  to  he  t'oiind  in  the  coloav  reein'ds.  —  .  I ''.  v"v   /,'  .-    Ihrl. 

1   'Hie  ship   S.> Kv,-ll.  eoniniaad.'d   hv   ("apl.    K.-vnod-.   ;,rov.-d   t   il.\    .mi   \\u'.,\   lor  iho 

vov.i^JO,  and  was  di>ehar-ed  Iroiii  serviee  heli.re  Iho  JM-nni-  leit  I'U  inonlh  U  l,e  whole 
eoinpanV:  llierelbrc,  whieh  e.wnc  over  lo  ihi-  .■onnlry.  we;e  iM--.,nucr.s  m  tie;  .May  Mower 


t    ;  1  . 


'     ^1 


^  •! 


.1.  ,,  1 


i 


11'")  History  i,f  (he  [April, 

tlio  M:iy  Flowor,  a  yliip  of  one  liiimlrfcl  and  ci^'lily  loiis,  for  the 
inloiulccl  oiilcrprisc."  ^ 

'PIr'  A)|li)\\iMi:;  i;ra|)liic  (Icsci-iprKUi  of  iIk;  allarlmu'iil  of  llic  Pil* 
ijrirns  to  imcIi  oilirr.  and  of  llicir  pious  \i('\vs  and  IVcliim^s  on  llic 
orca-^ioii  of  tln-lr  scjiaralioii,  i.s  I'ouud  in  Morton's  Xi'W  J'aigliiiid 
Memorial. 

'■  Ec'iiii,'  |)rcparcd  to  depart,  they  had  a  solemn  day  of  iiumlliation, 
the  pastor  leaeliing  a  ]Kirt  of  the  day  very  profitably,  and  -uitably  to 
the  present  oeeasion  ;  the  text  of  Seripturc  was  Ezra  viji :  :21.  The 
rest  (.ij  the  time  was  spent  in  ponrini^  out  of  prayers  unto  the  Lord, 
with  great  ferveney,  mi.\''d  with  abtindanee  of  tears. —  When  ihoy 
came  to  the  place,"'  ( nelfi-haven.)  '-llK^y  found  the  shii)  and  all 
lhini;;s  rc>ady  ;  and  sueh  of  their  iVientls  as  could  not  eoiiic!  with 
them,  followed  aftca*  ihian,  and  sundry  eame  from  Amsterdam  to  see 
tluMU  slu])i>ed,  and  to  take  liieir  lea\-e  of  them.  (  )ne  niL;lit  was 
spent  with  little  sleep  with  tlie  most,  but  with  friendly  eulerlainnient, 
and  Christian  diseoursi',  and  oilier  real  expri's-ions  of  (/liri-lian  loye. 
The  next  day,  the  \yind  bi'ini^  fair,  tliey  went  v\\  Ijoartl,  and  their 
friends  with  tluaii,  where  Iridy  doleful  was  the  >it.dit  of  that  sad  and 
luournbd  partiuLT,  to  hear  what  siL'h-.  and  sob<,  and  prayers  did 
sound  ainouLT.-t  them  ;  wliat  tears  did  i,Mish  from  eyiay  eye,  and 
))ithy  speeehes  pierced  each  other's  heart,  that  sundry  of  the  Dutch 
strangers,  that  stood  on  the  (piay  as  spectators,  c(ndd  not  refrain 
Irom  li'ars  ;  Yet  coudorlable  and  s\yeet  it  was,  to  see  such  liyely 
and  true  ex])resslop,s  ol"  dear  and  unfeigned  loye.  —  Their  reyerend 
pastor  falling  down  on  his  knees,  and  they  all  with  him,  with  watery 
elu'eks,  counu<'nded  them  with  ino-t  feryent  iirayta^s  imto  the  Lord 
and  his  blessing;  and  then  \yii!i  mutual  embraces  and  many  tears, 
they  took  their  leaye  om-  of  anoijicr,  which  ])ro\a'd  to  be  the  last 
leayc  to  many  of  tluau." 

On  the  ()ih  of  Sepliauber,  Ki'iO,  the  adyenturcrs  sailed  from 
I'lymoutli,  in  the  May  h'lowt-r,  and,  on  the  9th  of  November,  they 
arriyed,  after  enduring  a  perilous  voyage,  in  sight  o^  Cape  Cod. 
Having  entered  the  harbor,  tlu'y,  on  the  lllh  day  of  the  month, 
after  prayer  and  thanksgiving,  sidjscribcd  a  written  instrument,  by 
which  they  were  made  a  body  politic.  'The  covenant  entered  into 
was  signed  by  fortij-onc  individuals,  who,  with  their  families, 
amounted  \o  one  /lundrcd  and  f^/^r  persons.  Mr.  .lohu  ( 'arver  was 
imanimoiisly  elected  Clovcrnor  of  the  colony  for  owv  ycar.f    Though 

=*  IIi>!mes's  American  Annals. 

t  tiovcrnor  Carver  tlicil  gicallj-  Liinoniol  vn  lln.-  'lli  of  April  lullow  iii-.  lia\  ing^  sustained 


ui/.j 


^\\'     ■.•1    \<-.o.\. 


oA 


rrc  1  ,>:  /ii!.' 


-  r    :-nti  V 


„n(?     .. 


.  /;.  -  .];■ 


H 


)    i'-jl 


I     IS  17.]  Pi/g-rim   Socivlij.  117 

t':iL'-<(;  :ilv\,Mitiiror.s  '.iii'IitUidIc  th'ir  I'lilcrprisc  niidi-r  llii;  aiilliorily  ;:iid 
.suic''k)ii  of  ;i  roy;il  c!i;irk'r,  y<-'l  lliry  coniinciiceil  their  pi>litiL-al  uxist- 
crice   as  a  n-piiljlic      l).-uciu!)(.'r  ;2'?,  1G"20,  llicy  di.sciiibarliL'd   and 

;      went  oil  t^liorc.    Tlu;  \)\m-v  wlicrc  llicy  landed,  called  by  the  Iinlians 

jT    Putuxet,  ihey  named   J'lynionlh,  alter  the   town   in    J'lni^land   Iroui 

I   which  ihey  last  s;\iled. 

:-        Such  was  the  origin  of  the  settlement  of  the  Plymouth  colony. 

t  Sentiments  ol'  high  respect  hu-  tlu;  piineiples  and  charaeli'r  ol'  the 
first  settlers  of  New   England   have   been   cherished   in  every  suc- 

I    ccoding  generation  of  their  desc-endants.      They  have  been  eager  to 

K    reward  their  inestimable   service   by  eommemnrating  their   virtues 
^'  .  .... 

and  piety,  and  by  j)reserving  a  reeolleelion  o(  ijieir  suH'erings,  reso- 
lution, and  noble  deeds,  in  so  glorious  a  eau-e.  In  doing  this  they 
have  been  aetuati'(l  by  the  dictates  of  nature,  reason,  and  gratitude. 
On  January  lo,  ITfiH,  when  the  >torm  of  lu'ili.-h  c>ppres>lon  wa.-3 
gathering,  and  the  time  i'or  open  antl  tleci(h'd  resistance  to  the 
crown  was  ;U  hand,  an  association  called  the  '•  Old  Colony  Clul)'" 
was  formed  at  I'lymouth,  consisting  of  some  of  the  principal  men 
of  that  place  and  vicinity;  and  on  December  '2'2,  of  that  year,  the 
"  Laiiding  of  the  j-'orefathers  "   was  lir.-t  cclcbraled.^-      The  Wins- 

Ihe  odlce  ofcliicf-ma^'isiriie  luii  four  inonlhs  .-muI  iwcuty-liiur  days.  '■  He  w.is  a  iiv.iti  of  irreat 
pniclci\L-e,  iiiu-^'iity,  ami  liinun'ss  of  lauul.  llu  h.i'l  ,i  _u.m1  c-uilo  ill  ICuLlaml,  wlmli  In.-  .-|,frft 
in  tlie  niiLrriilion  to  I  Itillaihl  and  .ViniTUM.  I  li-  w.i-  on.-  ut  llie  li)reinii>l  in  iu-liuii,  and  I'ofl-  a 
lar:;e  sli.iio  nf  sulifrin;,'  in  llic^crviLO  of  llio  tVMuiiy,  vs  Im  coiilidfd  in  liiiii  as  il.<  Incnd  uiul 
falliiT.    I'icty,  luiiiiilily,  aiht  Iii'iicvuIlmu'c,  Witc  cniiiu'iil  tr.iils  in  hi>  clianiLniT.'' — Ih    Ji.find/i. 

On  llie  dfalli  of  (iovfrnnr  C'arviT,  alllioiiL-li  only  llurlv-lwo  ytMPs  old,  and  oonliiii'd  ul  tlio 
lime  liy  >ic';nu.-->,  Mr.  William  Diadlord  \\,i>  nii.ii,i:jiiiii>ly  i  Ici'li'd  lii>  mi.  rcsMjr.  .i>  (iovcnior 
of  llie  colony-  Ho  londiiclcd  llie  aliairs  of  tlic  cul..ny  for  lin'  iToat  p.irl  ol  iho  Uiiie.  as  i-liicf, 
uiut  two  or  llirce  years  as  sLVMiid  inay.str.ilc,  \\  illi  CMiisiiiniiialc  [•nidciu'i.'  and  ali:!ily  for  a 
period  of  more  ihan  liiirly-oiic  years. —  In  liis  yoiiili,  lio  cniliruicit  the  doolrincs  wliirh  were 
t:ni;,''lit  liy  liie  vciicf.ililc  Ciillon,  aiul  aflcrw arils  hy  itolniison,  and  liecaiin."  oiio  oi  llicir  iiiosl 
devoted  followers.  Itc  applied  liiinself  w  illi  i.timI  dih'.'eiice  to  the  ?liidy  of  the  aii<:(Mit  Lin- 
giiages,  lioili  Lalin  and  Clieck.  Ul'tlie  Helni-w  his  Iviu/wledgo  was  inliiii.ilc,  .iiul  llie  1  reiicii 
and  !)uleli  hu  spol;o  with  ease,  lie  read  mii.-h  on  sulijcels  of  liistory  and  phil.)so]/hy.  In 
llieolo;.'y  he  w.i>  deeply  vcrscil,  and  lew  there  wckj  who  eonld  eonlend  Willi  hiiii  MieeessiuHy 
in  a  po!ein:r,i|  dispnir.  Ih'  wrolo  iMi|si,!i;r.iMy  :  ihe  lo-s  of  his  valualile  iii:iiiiisi-|-ipl  hl^tory 
of  the  colony  lo  liUii.  can  never  he  supplied  —  1>; .  Tlmclur's  llistui ij  of  I'tyiiioiiih. 

*  The  I'l.luw  iiiu'  (!;slir>  \si_iv  s.iwil  up  f,.|-  (•iiicri.i.niiienl  on  the  li;st  aiiiiu ers.iry  ;  and 
tlieaceoiinl  is  here  iiiscrled  ,is  a  inaUi-r  ol  cuiiosity:  ■•  1.  a  lar^'e  hahed  Indi.m  whorllehcrry 
pilddia;;,';  _',  a  dish  of  s, in. piclaeh  ( sii.c.a.i'ii,  e-ia  and  hi-.ois  huilcd  Ii.ii:clher)  ;  .'!,  a  disa  of 
flams;  I,  a  disli  of  ovsU'is  ai.d  a  ihsli  of  r  .  I  li-h  ;  i,  a  li.inni-U  of  vciusoii,  roasK-d  !.y  ihu 
lirM  jaelc  broiii;!il  lo  liie  clouv  ;  ii,  .i  di^li  ,.|  lo-istrd  mm  {\,\^\  ,  7.  a  d.-li  of  liosl  lis.i  and  ecU  ; 
8,  an  ajiple  |i:e  ;  '.',  a  emirse  of  cranberry  larls  and  cheese  made  in  l!ie  L'ld  C/oloiiy." — Dr. 
T'l'ir/ni'i    lli.slu,IJi'tr^i/.i,;i.l!,. 

'fill-  i'li'loW  III-'  I.M-ls  WfW  al.o    Llivell  oil   ihc  I'CiM- lull  : 

1.  To  Ihe  memury  ol   i.iir  hr.iw  ,iiid  pioiis  .meestois.  ihe  lirsi  -(■lllers  o|'  ihe  ('Id    Colony. 

•2.   'I'll  fie  III  -HLirv  "1    '"hii  '  '  lOer  .in. I  .ill  ihe  ..'li.  i   \\.m:I.;,    <  h.xeni.'rs  .-f  Ihe  <  'Id  (  ol.'.ny. 

;t.  'i"o  Ihe  meniorv  of  llial  pioiis  ni.iii  ,in.l  l.iillif.il  liis|..ii  ei,  .\Ir.  ."seen-l.iry  .Mmlun 

■1.   To  ihe  meiii..iy  i.f  l!i  il  l.ia,e  m.ia  ai,.l  -■>.  ■  I  ..,!i.  .-i.  i  '.ipl    .Mil.  >  Sl.ii.l;s!i 

T).  To  Ihe  mi-iiiiiiy  of   .M..ss,i~i,ii.  i,nr  lir-l  .in. I  l.e-l  liieii.l,  and  ally  ol'  tin'  .N.ilives. 

o.  'i"o  ihe  memory  oi  .Mr  Kolierl  Ciislim.iii,  who  prc.i^hcd  llie  lir-l  ~cr.iioii  in  New 
En-I.md. 

7.  'I'he  union  of  the  ( lid  Colonvand  M.iss.icinisriN. 

S.  May  every  i>ers,)ii  !..■  p.i-~e-M- 1  .>f  111.' s.im.;  ii.iMe  senti'iieiiis  a.Maist  arhar.nry  power 
tlial  our  worliiy  ancestors  weie  inidowcd  wilh 

'.*.  May  c\ery  (.•lieniy  to  evil  or  i.ii-i'  '.:i  i:'  cMy  iiLjel  the  saine  or  a  wor^e  I:.le  ih.m  Ar..-li- 
Ijisliop  [.and. 


1/;V 


.^ 


''\'      ,'r;-,  :'-:   f"     IH'"/' 


lis 


t 


■'if 

Ih.lory  of  the  [April;  "*'; 

i>'"-.,  Wu,so„.,  a,ul   Ilowhn.ls  ,v..v  a,,,,.,.  ,!K.e  who  «■,.,■  ,!,„        f 

■  ''"' .'"■;■■'— i ■""".-■  i"  .IH-  war  l,.:„-,,,,,  Kn..l:,„|'  ■ 

na  .1   ]„a.ll„r.l,  a.ul   II„„.   ,,,„..,.   i.,,,,.,,       ^,.  , 
^    .limn,   ^.vcr  a,„l  c;.,„a-al  .l.,l,„  Thon.a,  „r  ,;;,„.,„„  "ej^    ,  ♦ 

^    -a„.l.r  Sc.a„„„.ll,  „„.„  a  ......K-r  of  vo„,h  i„   Plvr  lul 

>\t-rc  (ingiii.il  01  early  inenibrrs  oi  tlic  So^arty 

o^::;:;;::::,::I:^:^r:;:;;:,^:';-■'7^^i"™-■...^     ^ 

Club  Ic  ,    ,e  eo„„,r,,  ,  „„,,„„^^,„  ,^,  „,,,  ^,-  ._,^       ,,,,„„, 

.  .  follow,„g  s,.„„c.„,..„    have  d.,iv,.r,.d   .naao.rs   °  a.hlr... 

b    t  c  r„,„.,„  o    ,h,.  ..  „la  <•.,,.,„_,  eh.b,"  or  of  ,ho  i„haW,a,„.  o 

;i:u;r;;'"'"""'"-^ '■'■''"' ■"r.i...rc.,i,io„..o™a:c    * 

ah.   ,,  ,c,  o     la:  a,„„vcr.ary  a,  I'lynro,,,!,,  on  ,h.  -.,,,1  of  ])„v,„.  ■- 

Ilitehwrk,    I).  IX,   JVnibrokc;    Rev    '^a.OM,.     1M1„  I, 

"r:  iT';i  'r'-  ,'r",T"'^ ''''''''  «-"-^'^'  ^  ^-'  ^v^"'- 

;        '        "■'  Y^'^';"^'''' ;  R---  .'".mlhan  Mooro,  Ro.he.R.r ;  Doc;  t 

Zaoohc„,s  ]ia,.,h.„,  1  Iv.nou.h  ;   Ho,,.  .Iol,„   Davis,  I,L.  D.,  ]  oMo    ■ 

-.J^.d,,,     Vllva.D.DOuvbary;    lion.  John    C>,,i,H.;A,,aas;  i 
,   .,   I^-.   ^i'>"';'y;    It.v.  Joh„    Thomion    Kirkla.Kl.  J).  ■]!,   Cam 

bridge;    Rev.   Joiauha,,    Slro.i"    D    B      P.„.  1    I   l  '      i>          ,  ; 

ivcida  ,    D    U    llymomli;    Aldou    JSra.lford,    LT.   n,   Bo^loa  •  ' 

U.  D  Boslo,, ;  Rev.  .Vdoniram  J„dso„,  Rlvmonlli  ;  Rev.  Thad 
aeus  Mason  Hani.,  ]),  D.,  Dorehes.er ;  Rev!  Abiel  Abbo,,  D  D 
Beverly  ;  Rev.  John  Ellio.,  D.  D.,  Bo.,o„  ;  Rev.  Ja„,e.  Fiiii    P  D 

Ll"d     T,  ^^'V'''™''"''"'   ^■"■''^'"■'■'    K--  """-     'o  "v!  ^ 

1  lanci^  Callcy  Cray,  Boston.  ..  .,! 

As  .he  ••  Old  Colony  Club  "  had  for  many  years  ceased  ,o  ao,  as  ' 

.    -cety   and   had,  in  fae.,  eeased  ,o  exi..,,  ,i,at  ,l,e  objee,  of      o 
annual  eelebrabon  of  ,l,e  ••  Landing  of  our  l-orefather.  "  n.igh,  be         \ 

uH:,  ^:i^'  '"•"'■'''•"  '-  'I'-I.ly  .Icli.orcl  ,„™  ,,„  ,!,,  ,„„„„,„  „„,  ,„,„„,„,  ,„„^,  „„,, 


'l'  :A 


M.'     V 


•>H 


'■■..'.•/    ,    :  .'•    ■.■'.■}<i'    '^r  ■■  ':     'jI-v/.'    •      ■»     ''.m     (>•'«.;   ^-.ttt'^'^j    <    ,...'^1 


:•  ;■,    .     .  .     'vi  ill  ;. 


1     I,;:'/:  '  '     -k'I  i-  .  ■■•i'/ 


,'   ') ' 


'     / 


.0  ..t  : 


>.■■('• 


1^17.]  Pif-riot   Soric///.  119 


Iicllcr  aor-oinplislicd,  a  socidy  wa.s  roniicd,  Xovcmhrr  0,  \^]il  by 
!lic  name  of  tlif  "  ()M  (\)!niiy  Piliri-iin  Society,"  aii'l  lii.'iiiriliatcly 
went  iii!o  operation.  'I'lic  lien.  .Id.-Iina  '^^riioiiias,  AVilliai;i  ,lack- 
soii,  and  X;ii!i;iiiifl  M.  I )avi<.  l-'.-iis.,  wcri-  clio.-cti  a  coininita-i-  on 
behalf  of  l!ic  Socii-ty,  lo  pi-tiliou  llio  CJtauTal  Court  for  an  act  of 
incorporation.  On  I-Miriiary  '.M,  I'^'^O,  ilic  Society  was  iiicorj)iMat- 
I'll  and  mad''  a  liodv  iioliiic,  l>v  lli;'  naiii;'  of  the  '•  Pi!:,'riin  Sociciv.' 
The  design  t)f  die  in-tliulion  may  in  part  he  lenrned  from  a  chuise 
ill  the  first  section  of  the  :ict  of  incor|)oi'alion,  ^\  hi(  li  is,  '•  to  ])er|')ct- 
'late  the  menn)rv  of  llie  virtues,  tlie  enterpri.-e,  tuid  unparalleled 
■^unerings  of  ijicir  ance-tors.*' 

The  '•  Tjanding  of  our  l-'orefadier^"'  was  I'lrsl  eeleliraied  1>y  the 
Pilgrim  SoeiiMv,  l)ecend)er  '-'2.  1  ^'.'(^  that  being  the  comideUon  of 
the  second   century   since   llii-   setlhaneiit   o(  Xew  1-aiiilaiid.  or  the 

•"'  landing  of  the  Pilgrims,  'I'liis  event,  \yhicli,  in  a  tnosi  important 
sense,  gave   existence  to   the    nalion,  v/itli  all  that  is  valuatije  in  it^ 

'*  civil,  lit(a-ary,  and  religious  estrd)lishmeins,  was  observed  tiiat  \  I'ar 
\yitli  more  than  usual  soleiunily  and  interest.  T'he  lion.  Daniel 
Webster  delivered  an  address^i=  on  the  occasion,  worthy  of  himself 
and  tiio  memory  of  those  wlio-e  character  and  sulli'rinizs  he  so 
eloquently  portrayed.  A  large  concourse  of  people  attended  the 
celebration,  and  were  escorted  to  the  i)lace  of  public  service  Ijy  the 
Slandish  Cluards,  a  military  company  so  called  in  honor  of  Vi\p\. 
Miles  Slandish.f 

There  were  present  on  llic  occasion,  a  delegation  from  the  Mas- 
sachusetts Historical  Society,  and  from  the  American  Antiquarian 
Society.  IMie  lion.  Judge  Davis  addressed  the  Pilgrim  Society  on 
behalf  of  the  former  institution,  and  the  lion.  Lcyi  Lincoln  on 
behalf  of  the  latter.  The  Ilev.  Dr.  Kendall  replied  to  the  one.  and 
Alden  l^radford,  l'iS(|..  replied  to  the  other.  The  kindest  senti- 
itients  and  feelings  universally  jireyailcd,  an<l  the  occasion  was  one 
of  great  satisfaction  and  rejoicing. 

The  Pilgrim  Society,  as  such,  aiuiually  commemorates  tlie  day 
on  which  our  Forefathers  landed  at  Plymouth,  On  some  of  these 
aimiversaries,  adtlresses   ha\e   been   deliveri'd  ;    in    \'^'}(\   by   Hon. 

*  The  uiklress  was  imlili-hcd,  :mil  lias  passrd  iliroii^'h  «evcr,il  cdiliuns,  and  licen  a  «>4irce 
of  coursidcialilc  ificoiiu;  lo  lin'  .S>)i.ii-ly. 

t  It  is  said  o('  ('a))l.  .■^lalll!l^ll,  lie  po-sos-^cj  inucli  naiivo  talent,  was  dooidrd,  ardent, 
resulule,  and  perseverim.',  iiulilien  lit  Id  daiiircr.  a  ln>ld  and  liardy  man,  surn,  an^lero,  and 
iiiiyieldni:.' ;  ul"  exemplary  piely,  and  ot'lnenrriijitiMe  inte-rily  ;  '•  an  iron-nerved  Pur. tail,  wlio 
could  hew  down  I'onsis  and  live  on  erumlis.' 

'I'he  liev.  John  Thornton  Kirklaiid,  I).  1),  I'r.  sideiit  of  Harvard  Cii!Io-c,  and  the  Rev. 
Klea/.ar  \\  heeloci;,  D,  D.,  lir.-l  I're^uleiU  of  Darunoiuh  CoIIc.l-,  werv  de^eeiulanl-  ol"  C"aj)l. 
Slandi.-.li. 


f(  :• 


f      1     I  A 


Il.storij  of  III,. 


luus,  ihuiii/h  nut  SI 


]V„ja,„,„    ]!.  W<,„.,.    ]).    J,     ij       '        ,    .  "Jo>.«JI'r    Lev. 


])»r<-li,-3kT;   ]l,-v.  Coiivcrs  I'-rajn-is 


J     i^tiLu  111  hu   uai  JsJl  a  inonunicnlal  fdificc  •  ihn 
coriK-r-stoiin  n    ,vl,;,.i, 1.  •  .  -   -.1  *  t-ujiicc,  ine 


.c.r.s,onc  .,r«.hk.|,  «.as  laid  .vi.h  ap,,„,,,na„.  «,1.„„„„..,  and  i„ 

;;":..H.i..or.v..,„,a„a.^;;'^/";l^^^^ 


The  etlific-i^  is  hnilt  ( 


our  l\»n'ralluTs. 
t!u     " 


>y  a  rn;,m„||<.,.n,   painIin:,^   )vp,vsrnlincr 
'"■^  |»iciiitv,  viiln.'d  ;i!  r>:j  ()()()  ,,..,  .  .,   I        ..        ^ 

I>.sMs,,ln„lKl  r..|,res,a„a of  ,l,c    l'i|:,,,„„  !,     ,        ''"   '"7""- 

tl.«o  we.l.,-„  shores.     l>i|„,.i,„  Hall  i-    I  '  "''""'  '"' 

i>>ru  ana  c.i.sa.,™M,::;:M^;;;.:: ::::,:;::  ;t-;;;'^!''e 

It  Willi  ;t^  ,,...11..      MM       ,.  .  3'^"<^ii).H!\  111    ,iac-iii(T 


It  within  il.s  walls.      'I'lu,-  d 


"'"•"^n.n.ol   llK.  pi..„uv  aiv  .ixhu.   [\-.x 


VA     V^.     •.,: 


i:   / 


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r»vr:';      i' .i^)\- ■:^' >: 


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•'.(>..       . ';' 


1817. 


Pill 


■kty. 


121 


by  thirteen.  It  contains  scvcnil  ij;r()U|)r)  of  indiviJaals  atllred  in  the 
coslumc  of  their  day.  J.  CJovcrnor  Carver  and  iiis  wile  and 
children;  "2.  Governor  Bradford ;  Li.  ( Joverncn'  W'inslow ;  -1.  AVife 
of  Governor  AVinsiow;  >').  ."\Ir.  A\'illiam  Jkew^ter,  the  pre-idini^ 
Elder;  G.  Capt.  .Miles  Slandi^li ;  7.  .Mr.  William  While'  and  liir> 
child  Peregrine;  N.  Mr.  Isaac  Allerlon  and  his  wife;  9.  .Mr.  John 
Alden  ;  10.  Mr.  .lohn  Turner ;  II.  Mr.  Stephen  Hopkins,  his  wii'e, 
and  children;  Vi.  Mr.  Richard  Warner ;  l;J.  Mr.  I'ldwanl  'J'illey  ; 
14.  Mr.  Samuel  Fnller;  10.  AN'ile  of  Ga|)t.  Siandlsh  ;  10.  SanioMi, 
an  Indian  Sagamore  ;  17.  .Air.  .John  1  lowland,  of  C-Jovernor  Carver's 
family,  who  marrii'd  his  daughter. 

In  the  edifice  there  is  a  room  set  apart  fur  a  Library  and  a  Cabi- 
net of  curiosities.  It  is  already  supplied  with  a  nuudx'r  oi  vulwiiies 
and  many  nianuscriplri  of  early  date.  Il  is  desirable  that  a  copy  ot 
all  the  works  published  by  the  Pilgrims  and  llu.ir  de-eendanls 
should  be  deposited  in  the  Library. 

"  .Vmong  the  aniicpiiiies  in  the  Cabinet  of  the  Pilgrim  Society  are 
the  following : 

"  A  chair  which  belonged  to  Gov.  Carver.  The  sword  of  Miles 
Standisii,  presented  by  William  S.  Williams,  J-^stp  A  jiewter  di.-li 
which  belonged  to  Miles  Standish,  jjresented  by  the  lale  Joseph 
Head,  Esq.  .An  iron  pot  whieh  belonged  to  Miles  Standi>li.  pre- 
sented by  the  late  John  Watson,  Esq.  .\  Ijrass  steelyanl.  i>v.  lU'tl 
by  Thomas  Soulhworth.  .A  cane  which  belonged  to  V.'illiain 
White;  presented  by  Hon.  John  Heed.  .A  dressing-case  which 
belonged  to  AVilliam  While.  The  gunbarrel  with  which  King 
Philip  was  killed,  presented  by  Air.  John  Cook  of  King>loii.  The 
original  letter  of  King  Philip  to  Gov.  Prince,  written  in  lo(j'J.  \ 
china  mug  and  leather  pocket-book  which  belonged  to  Tlion;as 
Clark.  A  piece  of  ingenious  embroidery,  in  a  frame,  executed  by 
Lora  Standisii,  a  daughter  of  .Miles  Standish  ;  j^rcsented  by  Rev, 
Lucius  Alden  of  East  Bridgewaler.  .Many  curiosities  are  siill  in 
the  hands  of  individuals  and  families,  which  might  add  nnicii  lo 
the  interest  of  Pilgrim  Hall.'' 

The  following  Portraits  embellish  Pilgrim  Hall:  '•!.  of  Edward 
Winslow,  painted  in  London  in  ICtOI,  copied  from  the  original,  l^y 
C.  A.  Eostcr.  '2.  of  Josiali  AVinslow,  the  Hrst  native  Governor  of 
the  Old  Colony,  painted  in  London  in  Ui';l,  copied  from  the  orig- 
inal, by  C.  .A.  Poster.  3.  of  C!ov.  Josiah  Winslow's  wife,  I'enelopt' 
Pelham,  copied  from  the  original,  I'y  C.  A.  Eostcr.  1.  of  Ciciirral 
John  Winslow,  copied  from  the  oiiginal,  by  C.  \.  Eo.-Ut.  The 
8 


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1-30  /.    JIis'i>rij  of  llic  [April, 

por'iMlt  ofCIiiv.  l-Alward  \\'iii^lo\\'  i>  llic  Diily  one  preserved,  of  those  " 
iii-livitlir.ils  who  iTiiiic  in  ilic  M:iyllowfr.  The  orii^inals  of  these 
piiir.lingri  beloiip:  to  I.-aic  Win-low,  Iv-([.,  of  ]3ostoii,  and  are  now 
In  ihc  rooms  oi"  the  !\la->;u-hnsrtls  llistoiical  Society,  t").  A  portrait 
ol"  the  lion.  Ei)hraini  Spoonrr,  pre^euletl  bv  Thomas  Davis,  1-^sq.,  of 
JJostoii.  G.  A  portrait  of  Johii  Akhii,  l>s([..  of  Middk'bcjrough, 
who  tlied  in  1  "^'21 ,  ai^u'd  10:i  vclu's,  who  was  the  great-iiraiidsoii  of 
John  Ahlen,  who  eanie  in  the  Mayllower;  j)ainted  and  jireseiited  - 
l>v  C'eplias  'J'hompson.  I'lsi).  7.  \  portrait  of  Hon.  John  Trurn* 
Ijuil,  prcscnled  by  C'oL  John  TrumbulL  I'his  portrait  w  as  painted 
ill  17S1.  'V\\r  f;ife  was  cxcci'.tcd  Ijy  IMr.  Slewarl.  and  the  other 
pirls  by  ]\lr.  'IVninbiiU  hiiiiscll,  while  a  student  with  him.  8.  A 
j)or!rail  of  .lames  'J'hai  her,  M.  ]).,  hite  Lil)rarian  and  Cabinet- 
Keeper  of  the  Pilgrim  Soeie'y.  It  was  painted  Ity  .Mr.  J''rothinghani, 
in  January,  IS  1 1,  by  order  of  the  Tili^rim  Soeiety,  pursuant  to  a 
vole  eNprt\ssinL(  tiu-ir  sense  ol  the  vahialde  services  lie  had  rendered, 
in  promolins;  the  objects  o!    said  society. -^  .-.        ...  ■;;■■ 

'•The  I  ball  c(aiiaiiis  al-o  a  Inir^t  of  Hon.  I)ani<d  \Yebstcr,  present- 
ed l)v  Jamcr,  'J'.  Jbivwaid,  l-'sq.,  oi'  ]K)s!on  :  and  the  bust  of  lion, 
.lohn  Adams,  presented  by  Samuel  Nicholson,  Es({." 

For  an  aecount  of  "  b'orehithi-rs'  Koc!;  "  and  the  beautiful  mon- 
ument ereeted  by  the  Pili;rim  Socit'ly  lor  its  j^reservation,  \vc  make 
the  following  extract  from  Dr.  Thaeher's  History  of  Plymouth. 
'•The  jnhabilan;s  oi  the  town,"  [177  1]  "aniniated  by  the  glorious 
spirit  of  lil)erty  which  pervaded  the  Provlnee,  and  mindful  of  the 
jir(^eit>ns  relic  of  our  I"\)refalhers,  resolved  to  consecrate  the  Rock  on 
whirh    they    landed    to    tlic    sinine    o{    liberty.      Col.    Tlicoj)hilns 

■  Cotion  and  a  lar^r  i.ium!)"r  of  i!ie  iiihabilants  assembled,  with 
about  tweiilv  vohe  of  (>\eii.  for  the  purpose  oi  its  removal.  The 
rock  was  elevated  from  ils  bed  by  mean-  of  large  screws  ;  and  in 
aitempling  to  mount  il  on  the  carriage,  it  split  asunder,  without  any 
violence.  As  no  one  h a.l  observed  a  (law,  the  circumstance  occa- 
sioned some  surprise,      li  is  not  strange  that  sonie  of  the  patriots  of 

'■  the  cbiy  should  be  disposed  to  indulge  a  li;ile  in  supi-rstition.  when 
ia  favor  of  dieir  good   cause.      The  separalion  of  the  roik  was  con- 

*■  \)r.  'I'liiu-IiiT  \\;fi  n;>;M)iiiu-,l  l.i1rr;iru',ii  ;in  i  ('a'.i:i.l- I\\'.';)lt  nl'  ibc  I'lL'iitii  .Sv>i.'ii'ty  al  its 
•  lir-l  i'r;^;ijii/;ill.)ii,  am!  in--  iiuli'r.i'.ii;a!'ic  tll.'iS  ciiir.i  i'mi'.mI  l.irjciv  !■>  llu-  [iron!!. li. ill  of  ils 
i)'ijfrl».  'fill'  liiIlowiiiLC  i-MiMi-l  tiiiiii  till'  rc|nii'.  111' il  I  ■,.iiiMi:lici' of  iIk-  ."^iii-icl y  mJ.iMtcs  llic 
>!-ii>c  (.•iiIcrM.iuu-il  111  lii>  v,TV  a-i'-.  '■  'I'iir  micK'i  ~i:.Mliil,  !"  \\  l"'!"  W;i>  r(  li  riiil  llio  li'imrt  of  Dr. 
J.Kins  Tliuclior.  ros;i<-(iiiii:  ili.r  li-,ii\  Itiiiliiiu'  aroiiinl  llu-  1 'hil  lailicr^'  IJuik,  n-porl  that  iliu 
S.  ca'ly  an.'  iiiilclilril   l.i   I)r    'I'iiarluT   I'.h-  iIii^   I'lMiiliiui   an.l  ou^tU    iniumiin'iil,  wliioli  wlille  it 

><a-'i|-.-s  '.111-  I'll-i'iiii   l!.i.-!,   iV lurlh.-r  .!<  ;nr,l, i.rf.-.uils   li.r   llir   ImmuIH  dI    iM-.kTi(_\-,  the 

n.iiur-i  ul'  irir  r.illn-i'.-i,  ami  all.TiU  a  pici-iii.:  -ii'i|r.l  ul  rojil.-iii|ilali,'M  to  luaiiy  >Iiaii::L-rs  who 
Mill's"  Dr  Wliaihi-r  il.,-.l  M  ly  ■.' ;  i-l  1.  ai^r:!  i)  — 'I'lic  I  A  o  oxir,:' '.^  alnn  c  arc  tal.cn  iVom 
•l!ic  tiiiiili;  111  riyiiioiilii 


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is  17.]  rUid-ri/ii   Socicli/.  123 

strucd  to  be  ominous  of  n  divi.-'ioii  of  llie  Briii.-h  ]Mnj)ir(\  The 
({acstion  wa:?  now  to  be  decided  whelher  both  ])arl.s  .-^lionld  bo 
removed,  and  being  decided  in  llu;  negative,  the  bottonj  part  was 
(Iropi)ed  again  into  its  original  bed,  where  it  still  remains,  a  few 
inches  above  tlie  surface  of  the  earth,  at  the  head  of  the  ^\  harl'. 
The  upper  portion,  weighing  many  tuns,  was  conveyed  to  the  lib- 
erty-pole scpiare,  front  of  the  meeling-hou<e,  where,  we  believe, 
waved  over  it  a  llag  with  the  I'ar-famed  mt)ttt),  '  Liberty  or  death.' 
This  part  of  the  roc'lc  was,  on  tht-  -hh  of  .'nly,  I'^o  1,  removed  to 
'  Pilgrim  ]  [  ill,'  and  placed  in  Iront  of  that  edliice,  under  tiie  charge 
of  the  Pilgrim  Societv.  A  procession  wa>  lormed  on  this  occa- 
sion, and  passed  over  Cole's  hill,  where  lie  tin,'  ashes  ot  those  who 
died  the  lirst  winter. 

"A  miniature  representation  of  the  ?iIayilowcr  followed  in  the 
procession,  jilaeed  in  a  car  decorated  with  llowers,  ami  drawn  by 
.'^i.\  boys.  The  i)roeession  was  preceded  by  the  chiklren  ol  both 
se.xes  of  the  several  schools  in  town.  On  depositing  the  rock  in 
front  of  the  Ilall,  a  volley  of  small  arms  was  bred  over  it  by  the 
Standish  Cluards,  after  which,  an  ai)proi)riate  address  was  delivered 
by  Doct.  Charles  Cotton,  and  the  services  were  closed  with  a  prayer 
by  Rev.  Dr.  Kendall. 

"It  affords  the  highest  satisfaction  to  announce,  that  the  long 
desired  protection  of  the  'Forefathers'  Rock'  is  at  length  com- 
pleted; and  it  may  be  pronounced  a  noble  structure,  serving  the 
double  purpose  of  security  to  the  rock  and  a  monument  to  the 
Pilgrims.  The  fabric  was  erected  in  June  of  the  present  year, 
^  [lS3o,]  and  consists  of  a  perfect  ellii)se,  forty-one  feet  in  perimeter, 
formed  of  wrought  iron  bars,  five  feet  high,  resting  on  a  base  of 
hanunered  granite.  The  heads  of  the  perpendicular  bars  are  har- 
poons and  boat-hooks  alternately.  The  whole  is  embellished  with 
emblematic  figures  of  cast  iron.  The  base  of  the  railing  is  studded 
with  emblems  of  marine  shells,  placed  alternately  reversed,  having 
a  striking  eHect.  'J'he  ujiper  i)art  of  the  railing  is  encircled  witii  a 
wreath  of  iron  castings,  in  imitation  ol'  heraldry  curtains,  Iringctl 
with  festoons  ;  of  these  there  arc  forly-one.  betuing  the  names  in 
bass-relief  of  the  forty-one  Puritan  fathers  who  signed  the  memorable 
compact  while  in  the  cabin  of  the  Mayllower,  at  Cai)e  Cod,  in 
1G"20.  This  valuable  and  inti-resting  ac(pii.Ht;on  rdlects  honor  on 
all  who  have  taken  an  iiUerest  in  the  undertaking.  In  the  original 
design  by  Cli'orge  W.  Jbinnuer,  l''iSi[.,  ingenuity  and  ce)rrecl  taste 
are  displayed;  and  in  all  its  parts,  the  work  is  executed  with   much 


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1 


IHsIdi-ij  ('/  the 


April, 


judgment  and  skill.  'J'lie  castiiiLrs  arc  oxecutcd  in  the  most  im- 
proved style  of  tlio  art.  This  ai)i)roi)ririte  memorial  will  last  for 
ages,  and  the  naiiics  and  story  of  the  great  founders  of  our  nation 
will  he  made  familiar  to  the  latest  generation.  'J'his  monnment 
cost  four  hundred  dollars.  The  fund  was  obtained  by  snbseri[)tion  J 
Lieut.  (Jov.  Armstrong  heading  the  pajier,  and  Samuel  'J'.  Tisdale, 
Esq.,  of  New  York,  contributing  one  hundred  dollars.  1'he  author 
of  this  woriv "  (Dr.  Thaeher.)  "had  the  honor  and  satisfaction  of 
being  the  active  agent  in  its  exr-cntion." 

This  account  of  the  Pilgrim  Society  we  conclude,  by  expressing 
our  high  commendation  of  its  object.  'J'o  be  alTected  at  the  siifTer* 
ings  of  the  Pilgrims  of  New  England  ;  to  exercise  gratitude  for 
their  inestimable  labors  and  sacrifices  ;  to  venerate  their  virlue  and 
piety;  to  revere  their  jirinciples  of  religions  and  civil  liberty;  and 
to  hand  down  a  snitaljle  memoritd  of  them  to  succeeding  genera- 
tions, is  at  once  the  duty  and  privilege  of  their  descendants.  Most 
cordially  can  we  adopt  the  expressive  language  of  President  Dwight, 
in  speaking  of  our  ancestors.  "  When  I  call  to  mind,"  says  he, 
•'the  history  of  their  sutTerings  on  both  sides  of  the  Atlantic,  when 
I  remember  their  preeminent  patience,  their  unspotti'd  pietv,  their 
immovable  fortitude,  their  undaunted  resolution,  their  love  to  each 
other,  their  justice  and  humanity  to  the  savages,  and  their  freedom 
from  all  those  stains  which  elsewhere  spotted  the  character,  even  of 
their  companions  in  affliction,  I  cannot  but  view  them  as  illustrious 
brothers,  claiming  the  veneration  and  applause  of  all  their  posterity. 
By  me  the  names  of  Carver,  I^radford,  Cushman,*  and  Standish, 
will  never  be  forgotten,  until  I  lose  the  power  of  recollection." 


"m 


*"  On  tlie  lllh  of  November,  fl'VJl]  Roliert  Cusbinan  arrived  nl  I'lvniouth,  in  a  ship 
iVuin  Eiiijlanil,  with  llilrly-Iive  persons,  declined  to  rcm;iiii  iii  l!ie  Colony.  IjV  this  urrival  the 
I'lyiiioutii  colonists  recei\ed  a  clmrler,  [irooured  lur  lln-m  hy  the  sidveiiturers  in  London,  who 
tuid  been  originally  concerned  with  them  in  the  enterprise  ;  and  tliey  now  aclaiowledyed  tlie 
extraordinary  lilessinir  ol'  Heaven,  in  direeiin;;  theireoiirse  into  tliis  jiart  oftlie  Cfimiry,  where 
they  had  liappily  olilained  ])i_'rmission  to  possess  and  enjov  the  territory  under  the  authority  of 
tlie  president  and  council  lur  tlic  alliiirs  ol'  iS'ew  J'^n^jland.''  —  Ilolims's  Aniuih. 

'Jne  nniTies  of  the  lliirty-dvo  persons  who  came  in  the  Fortune,  (lor  so  the  vessel  was 
calleil.)  are,  Uohert  Cuslmian,  \V  illiani  llillon,  John  Winslow,  V\'illian>  Conner,  .lohn  Adunis, 
AViUiain  Tench,  John  Cannon,  U'llliani  Wri£;iit,  llolicrl  Ilndxes, 'I'honias  I'rence,  (Prince,) 
nfterwiirds  (lovernor,  Siepheii  lican,  Mo.^es  Simonson,  (.Suuons.)  I'liihp  l>e  La  Noyc, 
(Delano,)  I'dwanl  liotnpasse,  (IJiimpus,  and  l!iini[i,)  Clement  nrijrf.'es,  (I'ln^i's.)  James 
Sfjward,  (.Stewart,)  William  I'itls,  William  Palmer,  jirohaMy  two  in  his  fuiiuly,  Jonathan 
]>rewsier,  Bennel  ]\Iorgan,  Thomas  I'lavil  and  his  son,  Hugh  Slacie.  (Stacy,)  William 
I'.ealc, 'I'homas  Cushman,  Aii^iin  Nicolas,  (  Xieholasj  VV'iduw  h'oi.'rd,  proliahly  four  in  her 
family,  Thomas  Morion,  William  l^assiu-,  (I'as-clt.)  two  jiroliahly  in  his  familv. 

Atr.  (aisliman  was  one  of  ihose  who  left  ljii,land  for  the  sake  of  reli;.'ious  liberty,  and  set- 
tled at  Leyden.  In  lid7  he  was  sent  lo  I'ai-l.iml,  with  Mr  Carver,  tlic  lirsl  jrovernor  of  the 
Colony,  to  procure  a  j,'ranl  of  lands  in  America,  and  in  liil'.l  he  was  sent  a?ain,  with  Mr. 
IJnidlord,  second  {,'overnor  of  llie  (\ilonv,  and  ohtaiiied  a  patent.  He  set  sail  with  the  liril 
company  in  lO'JO,  hut  the  Speedwell  jiroviiii,'  Icakv,  lu'  was  oMi-eJ  to  reluupu-h  the  voyaj:e. 
lie  came,  however,  lo  Plymoiiih,  N.iveml)er  10,  lii21,  hut  remained  there  onlv  one  nionili, 
when  lie  returned.  While  preparing  lo  remove  to  America,  lie  died,  liii'i  He  was  a  man 
of  activity  and  enterprise,  talents  and  piety,  and  well  versed  m  the  ^crijitures.     Though  not 


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19I7.J 


Pi/grim  Sucicf//. 


12.' 


Oar  apology  fur  appending  so  many  nolc^  lo  ihi.s  lil.lorlcal  nolice 
i.^  Ihal  they  illustrate  the  cliaractrr  of  the  Pilgrims  of  New  Eng- 
land and  the  times  in  which  they  lived,  and  thus  serve  lo  accoiu- 
pli^^h  the  object  we  have  in  view.  For  instance,  a  few  sentences  in 
the  farewell  discourse  of  the  Rev.  Mr.  Robinson,  who  was  in  an 
important  seiise  the  Father  of  the  Plymouth  colony,  show  the  cast 
of  mind,  the  religious  faith,  and  the  adherence  lo  Protestant  princi- 
ples, of  himself  and  of  his  lluck.* 

The  first  Presidents  of  the  .Society  were  lion.  Joshua  Thomas, 
John  Watson,  Alden  Bradford,  LL.'  1).,  and  Nathaniel  I\I.  Davis^ 
Esqs. 

The  present  oillccrs  are  Charles  II.  AVarren,  Prcsidcul ;  William 
Davis,  Vice-President;  Andrew  I..  ]Uissell,  Recording'  Secretary; 
Benjamin  M.  Watson,  Corresponding-  Secrefar//;  William  s'. 
Russell,  Librarian  and  Cabinet-Keeper;  Nathaniel  M.  ])avis,  John 
13.  Thomas,  Isaac  L.  Hedge,  William  M.  Jackson,  Schuyler 
Sampson,  Joseph  Cushman  of  Plymouth,  and  James  T.  llayward 
and  William  Thomas  of  IJoslon,  Trustees. 

Snl'llTn  ^■''''  ""i'^  ;:',^'>''r"'!':  Y  ^'••'T^'^''  «  .i;.co>u>c  in  the  Um  uf  a  s.r.non  '■  on  the 
bMi  ana  I  )an;^'c^ul^c•l-],uyc^  which  \va,th,-l.r-lscrmo,,l-roiM -New  lJ,,,l.uul,  ever  i.riNltd  li 
Mas  iir.    i-ul.h.hea  at  Loudon,  lO-J,  then  at  15„Mo,>,  ITJl,  and  at  riy„..uih,  17^..  '  .MV-r  h  I 

cou  Irv    wriT  '•";;■;  ""';■"  "^  ^'7.  ''"-■'''"''•  ^^'"y  ^^^^^  '''^''^  j-^'-j^m.  m  ih,. 

COllliirv.  —  Alltnt  J>ioi^.  JJirt.  —  Juin/ici  s  li'L'istd-. 
*  "  r.relhren."  .said  lie.  "  we  are  now  .luickly  lo  j.art  from  one  another,  and  wlietlier  I  niav 


.M  llK-ieMtlv  hewail  the  eo„d,i,o.,  oi  the  reron„..d  ehMrehe^,•  who  are  ooii.c  tl,  a  ncnod  m 
reli;.':on,  and  will  yu  at  |.re^ent  no  laither  li,aii  the  iiiMriiineiil.s  of  th.ir  rciwrniaiiin  The 
Luiherans  cannot  he  drawn  to  fc-o  beyond  what  t.ulher  saw;  whatever  j.art  of  his  wdl  our 
good  God  has  revealed  to  Calvin,  th.'v  will  rather  die  than  e.nl.race  it  ;  and  the  Calvinist* 
yousee,  stick  last  where  they  were  lelt  hy  that  ^-reat  man  of  God,  who  yet  .saw  not  ail  thini:s.' 
J  his  IS  a  misery  mn,-h  to  he  lamented,  for  th,;,.,'h  Ihev  were  hurnin^-  and  shn.m-  h^'hls  in 
Ilieir  nnes,  yet  they  in-iu-lrated  not  into  the  whole  eonnsd  of  God  ;  hut  were  they  nuwlivin- 
would  be  as  willin-  to  embrace  further  li-ht,  a.,  that  wliieh  they  at  first  received  1  l.c~eeJt 
you  to  remember  tliat  it  i^  an  arl.ele  of  your  ehureh  euvenant,  that  vuu  shall  be  ready  to 
receive  whatever  truth  shall  In-  made  Ln.nvn  to  vu  trom  the  written  word  of  God  llemein- 
ber  that  and  every  other  article  of  your  sa.red  e„venanl.  Ibit  I  imiM  here  withal  exhort  you 
10  take  heed  wiiat  yon  rcecive  as  truth,  l.x.unin,-  ii,  eunsidor  it.  and  eomiiare  it  wiiU  oth.r 
Sen,, lures  ol  truth     belore   you   rc.c  v.-  il  ;    f.r  ,t   ,s   not  ih,.,iI,!o  ,|,;„  ,1^.   Chnshan  worM 

,'!''!    I,?,''m  '^    •";''^""'  "'  ^"■■.''  ""^■'^  a„tiohr.M:.ui  darkness,  and  the  perfection  of  knowl- 
etli,'e  siioLild  break  lonh  at  once. 


.*.<;• 


•■■•!:.  1     V:.- 


Oij   j:i    ■•:?;// 


,v'>i'    ...,.    '..   •-.::'■  )v>Ib  \<\y:'-: 


.,Jo!.  ,-;  '-U  .i 


MK'C 


.KO^:d 


.!,.'"      '.'^     '.     ~\ 


.y.?!i:-v«  y  : 


:  ••'•     ^d 


i\\y^  '".    u'. 


]'2G 


P(iss:c Dryers  of 


April, 


^t 


PASSENGERS  OF  THE   GOLDEN  HIND. 
.■  (The  First  Eny;li=hmen  in  North  America.) 

BY    SA.MLEL    G.    DRAUIC,    M.    A. 

|The  al'ovc  cntrraviii^'  Ls  nn  e^nct  c'o|iv  of  an  aniuH!  !-hip  u(' llic  lime  of  CiLieon  niizabelli, 
llio  (.ui:;inal  ikiI.IumIujII  dt'  wIul-Ii  1umi>  d.ile  I'l'M.  ainl  us  to  In'  loiind  in  llial  rart'  LilJ  work 
0!i  ''  .\aui_ralioii.  lalrly  collfck'il  oiU  of  llu-  ln'St  Mwl'me  trnlti^  (hninf  !i/  .1/,  lUiDiiliuih, 
and  hij  him  reiliiccd  iii'o  siu'h  a  |ilaiiie  ami  ordi.-rly  forme  of  teaciiing-  a.s  cuery  man  of  a 
mcaiie  capacilie  iiiav  ea'^ily  viiderslaiid  tlic  r-amc." 

Il  is  doubtless  a  mtieli  lictter  reiiresciUatioii  uf  tiic  sIhj)S  that  tran<poned  our  fatlicfjs  to  thebe 
shores  than  any  iiiliierlo  j.Mveii.] 

It  was  long  ago  remarked  that  Imt  for  the  voyages  ami  expcilitions 
of  Sir  Francis  Drake,  North  Aniorifa  woiiki  have  remained  unsettled, 
if  not  almost  unknown,  for  many  years,  if  not  for  ages.  To  those  who 
are  fainiliar  with  the  history  of  the  state  of  Eiiiope  during  the  eenliiry 
in  which  Eliz-abetli  lived,  no  argument  will  be  re(itiireil  to  convince 
them  of  the  truth  of  that  position. 

An  exception  may  be  taken  to  the  heading  of  our  article,  but  we 
are  well  aware  of  the  voyages  of  the  Cabots,  of  Ponce  de  Leon,  and 
of  Veraz/cini  ;  the  former  of  whom  it  is  said  discovered  Newfound- 
land, and  the  latter  ravaged  some  part  of  Florida ;  and  that  W-razzini, 
a  little  later,  was  eaten  by  the  Indians  of  North  America.  I'i  we  con- 
sult history,  popularly  known  as  such,  it  will  hardly  appear  that  the 
Cabots  set  foot  on  tiiesc  shores,  while  what  was  done  by  the  others 
tended  only  to  discourage  voyages  of  discovery  in  this  hemis|)here. 

It  iS  the  intention  in  this  article  to  furnish  as  complete  a  li^t  of  the 


'■  > 


r-  ::.^'j 


t  .■i'"*  ■     :i''.  -J  'i  ::>  '  ;9 


,:.,::  ^  ,,u  /     U> 


.•■,■■> 


■■(iv  t-^.Jj    nt    iiO:"}.>Jiu  t>t.i  <■•  '* 


\^\7.] 


(he  CJohldt  lUit^L  121 


persons  who  sailed  upon  llic  voyai,'c  with  Sin.  Fn.vN'cis  Dkakk  run  ml 
llio  worhl,  as  can  Ijc  collected,  al'icr  lon;f  antl  [)alienl  search  and  ii.ve  — 
lii^'Uion.  That  such  a  list  or  catalogue  cannot  (ail  to  he  inlere-lini^  at 
this  day,  we  feel  assured,  for  two  reasons  ;  (irst,  hecaut^c  they  were  pruh- 
i\!»ly  the  first  Kni^lishinen,  (certainly  the  first  whose  names  wo  hue.) 
who  landed  in  Nordi  America  ;  and  secondly,  many  of  (hem  horc  nniiics 
common  amongst  us,  even  to  this  time.  Whither  they  W(^r<^  the  au.jes- 
tors  or  connections  of  the  ancestors  of  these,  we  leave  tor  the  inves- 
tigation of  those  who  hear  these  names,  or  who  nuiy  have  the; 
curiosity  and  leisure  to  pursue  the  intcrcstitiL';  inquiry. 

A  third  reason  might  have  been  given  why  such  a  catalogue  of 
names  should  he  made  out,  had  we  puhlishcd  earlier,  hut  as  a  siMtle- 
incnt  of  the  "  Oregon  Question"  has  ta!u?u  pla^'e,  no  one  will  he  hkely 
lo  put  in  a  claim  to  any  [)art  of  that  territory  by  right  ol"  discovery  m;idc 
by  his  ances'or;  and  hence  an  emigrant  to  that  region  lias  no  other 
reason  for  any  interest  he  may  take  in  the  following  names  tluui  any 
of  us  have  on  this  side  of  the  llocky  Mountains.  Anil  in.-lcad  of  the 
Jincient  claim  of  rights  by  diseuvcry,  the  ( )iei;uni;in  mn.-t  n<>\v 
coiisole  himself  as  well  as  he  can  with  this  tlistich  ol'  our  I'amoiis  rev- 
olutionary [loet,  Freneau: 

For  t!ie  time  once  wns  hero,  to  the  world  be  it  known, 
Tlidt  all  a  man  sail'd  by,  or  saw.  was  his  own. 

By  the  following  list  it  will  be  seen  that  the  largest  number  of  t'.iose 
who  embarked  in  the  voyage,  continued  during  it,  and  that  some  otliers 
did  not;  while  of  some  it  is  uncertain  whether  llu-y  ecaitinned  in  it, 
returned  with  Cajit.  Winter,  were  lost  with  Capt.  Thomas,  or  are 
otherwise  to  be  accounted  for. 

Drake  set  sail  from  Plymouth,  Nov.  lo,  lo77,  and  returned  to  the 
same  port  Sept.  20,  1580. 

The  following  is  the  last  entry,  in  the  only  true  and  authentic  jour- 
nal preserved  of  that  voyage.  It  is  entitled  "  TIIT]  V\'OHLl)  Ihi'-om- 
passed  by  Sir  Fraxcis  Drakio.'Wc  ,  and  was  j)rinted  in  a  small  ipuir'o 
volume,  with  this  imprint,  "Lo.\don,  Printed  for  NieaoL.\s  Povr.ne, 
and  are  to  be  sold  at  his  shop  at  the  Jlayall  ExchaxL'c.     1G"J6." 

"And  the  '2G.  of  Sept.  [15S0  in  the  margin,]  (which  was  Monday  in  the  iust 
and  ordinary  reckonint,'  of  tho.se  that  hail  ^tayeJ  at  home  in  one  place  or  couu- 
trio,  but  in  oiir  cnput.uion  wa.s  the  Lord's  ilay  or  Soinlay)  we  safely  with  iuyfull 
minds  and  thankfvll  hearts  to  (Ifjd,  arriuctl  at  I'liinoth,  the  place  of  our  first 
.settini,'  forth  aft(!r  wc  had  spi-at  'J.  yearcs  10.  monelhs  and  some  few  odJt'  dales 
beside,  in  seeing  the  wonders  of  the  Lmd  in  the  de(>p,  in  di.scouering  so  many 
admirable  things,  in  i,'olng  throngli  with  so  iiumv  strange  aihientmes,  in  escap- 
ing oat  of  so  many  dangers,  ami  ouercoininlnc(  so  many  dlliicultles  In  this  onr 
encompasshiL,'  of  this  neather  globe,  and  passing  roaiid  about  the  woihl,  which 
we  haue  related." 

We  now  proceed  with  the  proposed  catalogue  of  names,  in  which 
we  shall  study  brevity. 

FRANCIS  DIIAKIC,  Admiral,  or  as  that  ollicer  was  then  ^enerallv  denoiuieatech 
general,  of  iho  expedition,  in  the  ship  called  the  IVdiean,  which  naiiit'  .-^hc 
bore  nnlil  she  entered  the  South  Sea,  when  it  was  changed  to  the  CIoldln 


t.    .  ■    :  ,1'.- 


i 


12^ 


Passengers  of 


[April, 


IIiND.  Ho  wns  born  aijout  I'/iT,''  a:ul  dioJ  on  board  liis  ship  near  Porto  Bello, 
.Ian.  ->,  1."j!1'). 
JOHN'  Wl.XriCIJ,  Vice-AJmiral,  in  tlio  Kii/ubcth.  lie  conlinucd  in  the  voyage 
till  iho  pa-sinL'  of  t!ic  Straits  of  Ma'^clhin.  when  a  r^ilorrn,  which  for  it.s  fury 
and  diiia'.ion,  had  novor  bfcii  known  to  iiiin  or  liis  companions,  made  every 
hi'ail  (jiiail  liul  the  Admiral's,  and  compelled  him,  for  his  own  salety,  as  ho 
contcndfil,  to  for-ake  the  voyaije  and  return  to  luiu'land.  Ibj.v  many  rclumeJ 
willi  him.  we  have  no  means  of  knowinir,  at  present. 

To  fuitn  an  e.^timale  of  tiie  violence  of  the  lem[n'->t  which  deprived  Drake 
of  all  hi-:  ships  but  that  in  which  he  liimself  was,  one  must  recur  to  the 
oriLjinal  Journal  of  the  voyai;c  before  noticed.  'J'hat  the  reader  may  have 
an  idi-a  of  that  carious  woik.  and  lest  lie  may  never  see  it.  a  short  extract 
will  hi'ic  lie  itilruducrd.  The  writer  of  the  Journal  was  in  tlie  AJmirars 
.-hip.  to  whicli  it  applies. 

"  For  >',!ch  was  the  present  dani^er  by  forcins;  and  continuall  ilawos,  that  we  wera 
r.i''i''r  to  io  ike  f.ir  jiresent  Je.uli  thi'n  liopi.'  for  any  lieliuery,  if  (loJ  almiijhtie  should 
?ii)t  rn.ike  thf-  w.iv  for  vs.  The  winds  were  sueli  as  if  the  howeU  of  tlie  earth  h^J 
S'_'i  all  at  Idieitie  ;  or  as  if  a'l  the  clomls  vnder  he.mcri  li.id  boene  called  together,  to 
l.iy  their  f.>;i'e  \|)on  that  one  pinre  :  The  seas,  which  Lynatnreand  of  thernseluen 
aie  heaiiie,  an  1  of  a  weightic  suh-tance,  were  rowleil  vp  from  tlie  deiiths,  euen  from 
Villi  roots  of  the  lockes,  as  if  it  hail  beene  a  scroll  of  parchuierit,  which  by  the 
extremity  of  heato  runneth  to'^ether :  and  bein^  aloft  were  cariied  in  most  strange 
in  inner  and  abainlince,  as  feathers  nt  thills  of  snow,  by  the  violence  of  the  winds,  to 
w.iler  the  exeeedin.;  lopsof  hii;h  .uul  loftie  iiKJuntaines.  C)nr  anchors,  as  lalse  frieiiJs 
in  sacli  a  d.in^'-r.  i.'uie  oner  tlicir  hoKlList,  and  as  if  it  had  beene  w.ilh  horror  of  the 
tliin;:,  di.i  shrinked  jwne  to  hide  tlicnisebies  in  lliis  mi.icrable  stornie  ,  coniriiitting 
the  iHstresscJ  s!iip  and  helpele^si-  men  to  the  vncertaine  and  rowling  seas,  which 
■  tos-ed  taem,  like  a  ball  in  a  racket,  hi  this  case,  to  let  fall  more  anchors  would 
a'jai'e  vs  nothin:^;  for  bein.;  drinen  from  our  first  |dace  at  anchorin;;.  so  vnmcasnnille 
was  the  dciilli,  that  riOii.  faltiome  woidd  fetch  no  f^rounJ  :  So  that  the  violent  sturme 
without  internusaion ;  the  impossibility  to  come  to  anchor;  the  want  of  cipportunilie 
to  spread  anysuyle;  the  most  mid  sras  ,  the  lee  shores ;  the  dangerous  rocks  ;  the 
contrary  and  most  intolerable  winds;  the  impossible  passaii;e  out;  tlie  desperate 
tarrying  there  ;  and  ineuitable  perils  on  enerv  side,  did  lay  before  vs  so  small  likeli- 
iiOiVd  to  escape  present  destruction,  that  if  the  special!  ])rovidence  of  God  himselfe 
hid  not  supported  vs,  wo  could  nener  liaiic  endured  tlial  wofuU  state:  as  bein^ 
innironed  witli  m.)<l  terrible  and  most  fearlull  iii(lf;emenls  round  about.  For  truly 
it  was  inoic  hkely  lint  tlie  mount  lines  slionld  have  beene  rent  in  sunder,  from  the 
to|)  to  the  bottciiiii',  and  cast  headlong;  into  the  sea,  by  these  vnnatural  winds,  than 
til  it  we,  hy  any  heli)e  or  cunning  of  man,  should  free  the  life  of  any  one  amongst  vs. 

"  -N'olwithstandin,',  ihe  same  God  ol  mercy  wliich  delivered  Jonas  out  of  the 
Whales  bidly,  and  hearelh  all  those  that  call  \  pon  him  rdlhfully,  in  their  distresse ; 
looked  (biwiie  from  heauen.  beheld  our  teare^.  and  heard  our  humble  peiitions,  ioyncJ 
with  holy  vowes.  F.uen  God  (whom  not  the  VNinds  and  seas  alone,  but  euen  the 
diuels  tliemselues  and  powers  of  hell  obey)  did  so  wondfrfully  free  vs,  and  make  our 
way  ojien  before  vs.  as  it  weic;  by  his  ludy  .\n:;ids  still  giiidin;,'  and  conducting  vs, 
that  moie  then  the  atniiiht  and  am  i/e  of  lids  esl.ile,  we  received  no  part  of  damage 
in  all  the  t!iini,'s  that  belomjed  vnto  vs. 

"  Bat  escajiini,'  I'rom  the>e  slraiti'S  and  miseries,  as  it  were  through  the  needles  ey 
(ihat  God  might  haue  the  greater  glory  in  our  deliuery)  by  the  grial  and  cti'ectuall 
care  and  tr.iuell  of  our  Gener.ill,  the  Lord's  instrument  therein  ;  we  could  now  no 
Ijni^er  forbeare,  but  must  iieedes  fmde  some  place  of  n-luge,  as  well  to  jiroviJe  water, 
wood,  and  other  necessaries,  as  to  comiort  our  men,  thus  worne  and  tired  out,  by  so 
many  and  so  loni;  inUdlerable  toyles  ;  the  like  whereof,  its  to  be  supjioscd,  no  traveller 
h  ith  felt,  neither  Ijath  there  cvrr  lieene,  such  a  temiiis;  (ihat  any  records  iii.ike  iiien- 
tion  of)  so  violent,  and  of  such  conlinuanec,  since  A'i'i/..s  doml;  for  as  halii  beene 
siyd,  it  lasted  from  September  7.  to  October  "J"^,  I'ull  .vj  dayes." 

Thou:;h  this  extract  be  lonLT,.  we  have  given  but  the  closin;?  part  of  the 
description  of  the  storm.   When  we  consider  that  it  was  winter  in  that  region, 


♦  The  lime  of  Sir  Francis  Drake's  liirili  Ins  usually  liecii  llxe<l  at  t.'il.'i ;  h\n  from  cenealoj- 
a!  ami  oilier  iiivc ■•ligations,  it  appears  that  lie  ni'.isl  have  Ijccii  fiorn  as  earty  as  I'jil. 


1    "J 


Y'.  <\')'^A ;«/ . 


.,.i.     ^       .     rK    V: 


/,••.    ..•■     I 


,    I-,,,   . 


1S47.1 


the  Gulden   Hind. 


120 


and  the  nalnro  nf  tlioso  poa=^,  the  storm  (uf  which  we  have  hranl  so  much,) 
which  overlook  Columbus  sinks  iuto  comparative  insii,'(ii!icance. 

We  cuuiiot  clu->u  tlii-j  k-ni^thened  JigrL'Ssiou,  (if  so  it  may  l)e  consiJercil,) 
without  an  extract  fiom  a  I'oem  on  tlic  Death  of  Drake  by  Cuaui.ks  Fitz- 
(Jiot'KRKY  ;  who  111  the  following  jinssai^e  seems  to  have  liad  tlie  wihJ  scenes 
ol   Terra  del  Fuego,  in  a  dismal  winter's  night,  vividly  before  hini  :  — 

"  Hiiiro  inuiinl.iin  islnruls  of  ronL'pnli'd  i''e, 
l''li>.uinj,' I lil;o  DfU)>)  uu  iho  >loiiiiy  111:1111, 
'  Coiilil  not  (Iclcr  liiin  Iruin  Ins  ciiliT|iris<'. 

:       •        '   .  ^I'lir  blooi]  coiif-'culiiii:  winter's  Irct-'ZiiiL.'  jiain, 

Enloft'e  liiiii,  i-ow;uil  liki",  liirn  liiK'k  nj-aiii ". 
Valor  in  ^'re.ilc-^l  iI.m.iT  sliiiiL's  iiioil  l)ri;:lit, 
■        •■"•  ■  .A-,  I'Lill-lacL-J  I'li.i'i.jc  111  iho  .kl^kL■^t  liiylil/' 

JOnX  THOMAS,  captain  of  the  Marigold.  He  was  lost  with  all  his  company, 
after  the  evpedilion  liad  passed  the  Straits  of  MaL,udlan,  in  the  terrible  tem- 
pest, just  described,  anions  the  islands  of  'I'lrra  del  Fuc_'o. 

JOHN  CHESTER,  captain  of  the  Swan.  He  probably  continued  throughout 
the  voyaL'i?. 

THOMAS  .MOOXE,  captain  of  the  Christopher.  He  was  wnh  Drake  in  his 
early  voyai^es  to  South  .\merica,  and  seems  always  to  have  l»een  with  him 
and  to  have  followedliis  fortunes  as  lonij  as  he  lived,  and  to  have  died  almost 
at  the  same  time  with  his  beloved  commander;  not  liowever  Irorn  disease 
like  him,  but  by  the  iiand  of  his  enemy,  beini,'  killed  by  the  Spaniard-^. 

THOMAS  DRAKE,  the  youngest  brother  of  itie  Admiral.  He  does  not  appear 
to  have  been  in  any  command  at  the  outset  of  the  voya!;!;e,  but  was  soon  after 
raised  to  tlie  command  of  one  of  the  ships.  At  this  limo  he  was  probably 
about  18  years  of  a::;e.  He  continued  with  his  brother  in  most  of  his  voyages 
afterwards,  was  with  him  in  his  l,i>t  vuviure.  and  in  command  of  a  ship. 
From  him  are  descended  the  Drakes  uf  Diickland,  and  of  several  other  places 
in  the  south  of  Di.'vonshire. 

FRAX'CIS  FLETCHER,  chaplain  to  the  expedition.  He  kept  a  journal  of  the 
voyage,  a  copy  of  wiiich  in  MS.  is  said  still  to  be  seen  in  the  lUitish 
Museum,  and  from  which  the  account  before  mentioned  is  supposed  to  be 
principally  made  up. 

EDWARD  CEIFFI'!,  who  sailed  in  Capt.  Winter's  ship,  and  returned  with  him. 
He  lelt  a  good  account  of  his  voyage. 

JOHN  DRAKl'',,  who  for  beimi  the'lirst  to  tliscover  a  Spanish  treasure-ship  was 
rewarded  by  the  Admiral  with  his  gold  chain,  "  which  he  usually  wore."  Ho 
does  not  appear  to  have  been  of  the  Admiral's  immediate  family,  but  was  very 
probably  a  near  relative.  He  was  afterwards  a  captain  in  F'enton's  disastrous 
e.vpediiion,  was  cast  away  in  the  mouth  of  the  Rio  do  la  Plata,  fell  into  the 
hands  of  the  Indians,  thence  irito  the  hands  of  the  Spaniards,  and  was  not 
hcani  of  after. 

HEXRV  DR.MvIv  Of  his  relalionsliip  to  the  Adniiral  wc  have  no  certain 
knowleilge,  nor  are  we  ccrtatn  th.it  he  was  one  of  the  "gieat  voyage-'  J1«J 
was  in  the  last  voyage,  was  present  when  a  cannon-shot  trom  the  castle  of 
Porto  Rico  passed  throirjrh  Sir  Franci-'s  ship,  while  he  with  his  principal 
oliicers  were  at  sup[)er,  which  shot  struck  his  siMt  from  under  him,  mortally 
woundiuLT  Capt,  Untie  Biownc  and  S^r  Xiclujlas  ClijJ'ord.  '•  This,"  says  Dr. 
Thomas  Fuller,  "  I  had  from  the  mouth  of  Heniiy  Drake,  Esu.,  there  present, 
my  dear  and  worthy  pari.-hioner  lalel)'  deceased." 

FRANCIS  PRE'I'TV.  About  this  individual  there  has  been  of  late  much 
controversy  ;  whether  or  not  he  was  one  of  Draktj's  company,  and  it  he  was, 
whether  he  was  the  author  of  the  "  Famous  Voyage,"  (as  that  around  the 
world  was  styled,)  rir.-,t  printed  by  llakluyt,  in  li'MK  We  have  not  space  here 
to  go  into  an  examination  of  that  ipie.-~tiun,  and  shall  only  remark,  that  it  is 
])ossible  he  may  have  been  one  of  r)iake's  company.  Some  have  made  him 
a  Frcjichman  ;  but  that  opinion  wi^  entirely  reject.  It  is  certain  that  he 
sailed  witli  Cavendish,  and  wrote  an  account  of  hi^  voyage.    The  tN\o  voy;igcs 


b^r-u^r'M/ 


J!"    ,      '■ 


li'  I-  ■  ;/-    .  '1  , 


.i:-..-r    \ 


J;  '•  ;f 'li 


■)  ..i;)  ■,-•? 


30 


Passniircrs  of 


April, 


of  Drake  and  Cavotuli-li  were  luiaU'il  in  cor.neclion,  which  may  liave  given 
rise  to  an  orior.     Dr.  Twiss,  in  liis  hito  evaminanou  of  the  Oii'gun  Question,    - 
has,  to  our  niiii.l,  set  tlie  matter  in  a  clear  liL^ht. 

CKOIvCK  FOIvTHSCUlO,  pruhahly  a  connection  of  Drake,  and  perhaps  of  the 
family  of  IJaithohjinew  Fortes. 'ue,  Esq.,  whose  daughter  Gertrude  married 
Sir  15onuud  Drake  of  A-h.  'I'iiis  George  Foitescue  left  a  MS.  account  of  tlio 
voyage,  or  at  lea-l  -oiiie  part  of  it,  as  \ve  aie  iiifurru(;d  by  l)r.  Fuller.  Ho 
was  a  captain  uiidtT  his  old  I'oinmauder  in  the  We.-^t  Indies,  iu  IJSJ,  mid  died 
dnrinsr  thtit  expedition. 

THOMAS  DOrcJUTV.  Oae  of  those,  who,  if  wo  can  credit  Ilerrera,  went 
out  as  a  irciitleinan,  "to  learn  navigation  "  and  naval  warfare,  williout  any 
particular  oiiii'e.  Ih;  became  mutinous  before  the  ileet  arrived  on  the  coast 
of  Bra/d,  and  was  rmaliy  tried,  cuudemneil,  and  executed  on  a  >inall  island 
in  the  harbor  uf  I'urt  St.  Julian.  '■  In  the  Hand,''  says  the  writer  of  the  voyage, 
•'as  we  diL'L;i'd  to  burie  this  gi.Milleman,  u  e  found  a  i:ieat  grinding  stone, 
broken  in  two  parts,  wtiii'h  wee  looke  and  set  f.ist  in  the  ^rround,  the  cue  [)art 
at  the  head,  the  other  at  the  feet,  building  vp  the  middle  space  with  other 
atones  and  turft.vs  of  eartli,  and  en'.'nivetl  in  the  stones  the  namt-s  of  the  par- 
ties burieil  tliere,  with  the  lime  of  their  departure,  and  a  nii'moriall  of  our 
generalls  name  in  Latine,  tliat  it  miLdit  the  better  be  vnder>Iood,  by  all  that 
should  conu;  after  \s.''  He  was  buned  with  ,\Ir.  Oliver,  who  had  ju->t  been 
killed  by  the  Indians.  t 

THOMAS   HOOD,  mentioned  otdv  in  connection  with   the  case  of  Doughty. 

THOMAS  15LAC0LKK,  afterwards  in  the  e\p.-dition  of  Fentun.  The  name 
is  spelt  with  vari;i!i>in.     There  are  tho-e  beanuL''  it  now  in  New  England. 

JOHN  GIlIIMv      I'e.liaps  a  mi>tal;e  for  --Juhn  the  Greek." 

LROXAIU)  VICAH  V,  who  was  an  advocate  for  Dou-hty.  The  name  uf  Vicary, 
though  not  eoinmon  in  Xew  IhiL'jand,  i-.  to  Im'  met  with,  and  has  jjrobably 
b(>en  known  in  Ma<<aehii^ett>  since  Idsii.  In  tliat  \  ear,  Sr:TH,  according  to 
Farmer,  was  admitted  a  freeman  nt  11, ill  ;  and  he  adds,  -'this  name  has  been 
in  .\ew  Hampshire  within  a  feu  years.'' 

CRANE,  perhaps  lUdjih  Crane,  who  afterwards  served  with  Fenton,  in 

15S2. 

THOMAS  CHESTER,  also  a  witness  in  the  case  of  Doughty. 

ROBERT  WINTERLY. 

0M\'f1lt.  the  master-gunner  in  the  deet,  killed  by  the  Patagonians. 

THO.M.VS  CUT'lM.i:,  btdonLMugto  t!ie  Admiral's  ship,  wi'th  the  rank  of  captain. 

.lOHN   D0E(;HT\',  a  youuLrer  brother  of  Thomas,  who  was  executed. 

JOH.N   RROWN,  a  trumpeter,  an  evidence  against  Doughty. 

JOHN  COOK.  It  is  doubtful  whether  anyone  of  the  company  bore  this  name, 
yet  a  MS.  bearinu  it  has  been  made  use  of  in  a  collection  of  voya<res,  the 
whole  purport  of  which  seems  to  be  an  attem;>t  to  cast  a  stain  on  the  pro- 
ceedings of  Diako  in  the  ca--e  of  Doughty.  It  is  supposed  to  have  lieen 
written  by  some  oni-  present  in  the  deet,  ami  tln^  name  of  the  transcriber  may 
liave  been  taken  for  the  author.  A  Jakn  Coiun'i'd  is  menlloiied  by  Mr.  Harrow 
as  "an  annolator  0!i '"  the  original  narrative,  now  in  the  British  .Sluseum. 

JOHN  FRVl'!,  who,  with  more  courage  than  discretion,  juniping  on  shore  in 
Africa,  was  seized  by  the  .Moors  and  carried  oil.  He  linally  returned  to 
Englaml. 

EDWARD  BRIGHT,  a  chief  accuser  of  Tliomas  Doughty. 

TH0:\1AS  GOOD,  prominent  in  the  case  of  Doii-htv. 

JOHN  BREWF.K,  one  of  the  companv  who  Ian  led  on  the  island  of  Mocha 
with  till!  Admiral,  and  W(m(!  attacked  by  tin-  Indians.  He  receiveil  seventeen 
wounds,  yet  recovereil,  :ind  saih-d  alteruaids  with  Cavendish. 

H  EGII    SM  ri'li,  mentioned  in  conn  eel  ion  u  ilh  the  ad  air  of   DouL'hty. 

RICHARD  j\H\I\'V,  who  was  killed  by  the  Spaniards  near  Cvi'po,  Dec.  19, 
lATS. 

ROBERT  ^VINTER.  Terliaps  the  same  called  Winterly  in  one  account,  and 
irinlrrhic  in  another. 

I'l'Vi^ER  C.VRDER,  wdio  with  seven  others  separated  from  the  Admiral  at  the 
western   mouth  of  the   Straits  of  Magellan,  duiing  the  tempe-^l  before  men- 


A 


'^£1 


n, 


•y.'Ci^  i'.".ni  >':,'■:'■  A-  ..i; 

..'■>   i-;"v  ■<<'   :r'.:y.  . 


•I    .    -  '  -t- .:  -:t^.> 


■  ,11  .     ;,  '!"<rc<\ 


,j     -,•       .1 


'  ,f)?''i" 


i   .-'  r.ii-i  "; 
*     ,, 


[O'lr     -'/   ;,'..  :;{   ; 

';■".', i:''|    .<it<    :. 


y  1    •/'(..       )•  , 


"i;.i.,':      •■ 


1^17.] 


the  (u)  Id  til  Hi  lid. 


131 


^. 


tionoJ.  In  an  open  l)oat  tlicy  succoedcd  in  repassing  the  Straits,  coasted  llie 
continent  to  Jirazil,  tliroiii,'li  every  variety  of  sulferinir,  until  Carder  alone  was 
left  alivi'.  lie  finally  reached  Knu'land  alter  nine  years' al)>enee,  and  was 
aiiiniltcd  to  the  pres(Mic(!  of  (ineen  Klizabetli,  who  heard  from  liis  own  mouth 
the  tale  of  his  adventures.  I'uiclias  ltoI  fiuin  him  tlio  aecouiit  which  we 
have,  and  whieli  he  pu!ili>hed  in  'his  I'iLtmu^/' 

WILLIAM  I'lrCiir.Iv.  who  was  oni' nf  the  coiupunions  of  Carder,  and  lived  to 
reach  the  eua-l  of  llia/ilj  where  he  died  from  drinkin;^'  too  fieely  of  water, 
when  near  dead  of  thirst. 

JOHN  AUDLI',  V,  on(!  of  those  wlio  f.ivorod  I)oUL,'lity's  niutiuous  conduct. 

WAKIiALL,  also  deeply  couceined  in  the  niuliny. 

ULVSSI'",S,  [in.liably  an  African,  .-crvaul  to  Capt.  Winter. 

COHH.  (Caube  in  tlie  narralivi'ij  wilh  \Vinter  or  Thomas. 

CII.VKLKS,  aI>o  with  \Vinler  or  'I'homa-.  but  once  mentioned. 

A.N'TllO.N  V,  aUo  with  \Vinter  or  Thomas,  and  but  once  nKiiilioned. 

WILLIA.M  HAWKINS,  perhaps  a  brother  of  Sir  Richard  Hawkins,  and  son  of 
Sir  John  Hawkins,  Kt.-  He  was  afterwards  vice-adtniial  under  Capt.  Fen- 
ton,  in  the  expedition  of  \'i^'2. 

JOHN  DKANK,  a  witness  in  liie  ca-e  of  I^uiudity.  Whet'.ier  he  continued 
throuirhout  the  vo\aL;e  or  imt,  is  unknown. 

JOHN  'MAKTVN,  afterwards   Capl.  .luhn    .Marlyn  or  Martin  of  I'l_\rnoulh.  and 

son  of ^larlin  of  Biid^'elown  near  'J'olne--,  \s  ho  had  male  i.~~ue  li\in-j 

there  in  Iti-JO. 

THOMAS  CL.VCKLKV,  boatswain  in  the  Admiral's  ship. 

Jt^HN   SARIC'OLH,  one  of  the  important  evidences  against  Dou^'hly. 

K.MAN.l'KL  WATKVNS.  His  name,  with  Saricold's  and  seveial  others,  is 
sii;neil  to  ciTtain  arliclcs  goinp:  to  prove  the  ;4uilt  of  HoUL'lity. 

GEOIKIK  CAKV,  a  magician.  The  same  probably  called  (Irc^^orij  Ciirij,  in  the 
documents  in  Harrow's  Worlliies.  He  aile.-5ted  to  the  nmtuious  conduct  of 
DouL'-htv. 

MLNRVSIMNDELAY,  gunner  in  Capt.  Chester's -hip.  ■      ' 

JAMES   SVD^'l',,  mentioned  onlv  in  Houi^hlv's  case. 

WILLIAM   SF.AGE,  mentioned  only  as  above. 

JOHN  DAVIS,  wlio~e  name  the  izreat  northern  Strait  will  ever  perpetuate,  who 
was  perhaps  in  Capt.  \Vinler's  ship,  thnuL'h  we  a;e  not  sun?  of  the  fact  ;  but  in 
1595,  he  said  he  had  lluTi  "thiicH;  ]ias>rd  the  Strails  of  Mai:ellan,''  wliicb 
rentiers  it  cpiite  certain  that  he  mii->t  have  -ailed  with  Diake  in  his  voj'a;^e  of 
circnmnaviL'ation,  as  theic  is  no  other  way  of  accounting  for  his  having 
"  ihrico  passed  those  Straits." 


Thus  out  of  "  IGl  uble  and  .sufik'iont  men,"  we  have  nboitt  one  third 
of  iheni  l)y  name  ;  and  from  a  passage  in  "  Harrow's  Naval  AA'ortliies" 
we  are  led  to  hope,  that  "  twenty-nine"  other  names  will  yet  be  recov- 
ered. SlionU!  they  come  to  our  liand,  we  iiitiy  at  a  I'utuie  lime  make 
an  article  respecliui:  tlicm  also,* 


*   Mr,  Prjlci-  li:i-i  HI  a  lorw.ed   >l.ili>  u,r  ;iii'ilM-;U!(in  a  I'lill 
Ills  Voy;u-<.->,  coiUaiMiiii:  some  iiii|ii'Maul  lacl>  IiuIrtIo  unim' 


uu  of  Aihiural   Drake  ai^l 
d.-i:c!i!ur. 


•  <i,    i  '!>;     .-.ar; 


.\,uA\ 


'       '  *  , 

t  i-.  ~ 

1  ■','•  .A 

:-  v'v't    .  -■' 


-     I 


=") 


132  Examination  of  the  Quakers  [April, 

"  \    LVST    OF    TIIK    PASINGKRS    ABOIID    TIIF,    SPF.RDWKLL    OF 
LONDON,  ROHKUT  LOCK  ^L\STKU,  LOUND  FOR  NEW  ENGLAND. 

Richard  Straltoii,  aged       iShudrack  IIopi,^ood, 

John  Mulfuot,  "           Thomas  GoodyuoiiL'h, 

Richard  Sniilh,  "'•  -13  Nalliauicd  Goodiuou 

Franci.s  Rriiislo)';  "  L^2  Joliii  Fay, 

'J'hornas  Noyce,  '  "  ^-'Wiliiaiti  Tayhr, 

Matlicw  Edwards.  ''          iRicliaul  Suinh, 

Joseph  Rouk's,      '  '•  -IT  Ahihuhuletl  Munuitii 

A\'illiam  Brand,  (Q)*  "  -10  Marirarctt  Molt, 

J(i!in  Copt'laiid,  ((2)  "  SS'liL-nry  Rl'cul', 

Chri^toplicr  HoKlor,  (Q)  '"  2j  Ilencry  Sukcr, 

'J'hoiiias  Tliur.-tiiii,  (Q)  "  3  1  John  Slorso, 

JvLiry  Prince,  ((|)  "  21  Nickohis  Dauison, 

Sarah  Gibbons,  ((i)  "  iLJohn  Raldwin, 

^Luv  Weaiherhead,  (Q)  "  2r,  Mary  IJaUlvvin, 

Dorothy  AVaugh,  {(I)  "  20  Rebeca  Worster, 

Lester  Smith,  '■  2-1  John  AVii^ins, 

Christopher  Clarke,  "  HSJohnMiUer, 

Edward  Lane,  "  3G  Thomas  Home, 

'Tlio  :  Richardson,  "  ID  John  Crane, 

John  F^arie,  '•  1  TCharels  liaalam, 

Thomas  Rarnes,  "  20' 

"The  persons  abouc  named  past  from  liencc  [in]  the  ?.hipp  aboue  mcnitioneJ, 
and  are,  accordini:  to  order,  re-islred  heave.  Dated,  Searchers  olllce,  Giaues- 
end.  30th  ^lay,  1056. 

EDWARD   PEELING,)  <^,,,,,,^,,, 
JOIEX   PIIILPOTI".        (     '   ' 
"  Theesc  were  Landed  at  Boston  in  N.  E.  the  27th  of  the  monelh.  lii5C. 

J.  E." 


aged  U 

•'  20 
"  1< 
"  8 

^: 

"  11 

i 

"  '*'8 

"  24 

"  12 

"   8 

'=   8 

"  40 

"  45 

"  2! 

'•'  20 

"  18 

"  13 

"  li 

"  11 

"  11 
'•  18 

'•'AN  EXAMLNATION  OF  THE  (QUAKERS  REFORE  [THE]  COURT  OF 
ASSISTANTS,  8  SEPTEMBER,   1G3G." 

[The  following  is  nii  exact  coiiy  of  ihc  original  minutes,  made  at  the 
examination  of  the  Quakers,  at  the  eonrt  in  Boston  above  specitied. 
Hutchinson  refers  to  the  books  of  the  Court  in  bis  account  or  notice  of 
this  affair;  but  whatever  may  there  be  found  to  justify  his  remark  that 
the  Quakers  made  "  rude  and  contemptuous  answers,"  no  one  will  allow 
that  any  thing  of  the  kind  was  contained  in  these  original  minutes,  to 
justify  any  such  conclusion.  They  are  here  presented  to  illustrate,  as 
far  as  they  may,  this  dark  page  of  our  early  history.  This  document 
is  the  more  im[)oriant,  as  it  appears  to  be  one  of  the  earliest,  if  not  the 
earliest  paper  in  relation  to  the  proceedings  against  that  people.  They 
came  into  New  Ihiglantl  in.luly  preceding  their  apprehension  and  trial, 
and  were  twelve  in  number.  The  issue  of  their  examination  being 
matter  of  history,  it  will  not  be  necessary  to  go  into  the  details  lierc. 
The  inquirer  after  truth  may  consult  Hutchinson,  Neal,  Hazard, 
Jhsliop,  and  others  for  them.] 

*  The  eight  names  a;;aiii.st  which  is  the  letter  Q  liaJ  a  Q.  set  opposiif  lo  ihcin  in  the  mar- 
pin  til"  llie  i)rif,'inal  paper  containin-  ihc  nc.-ouiit,  il.iiuliiiL',  as  is  Mippi.M'il.  lli.il  U.r  iiulivid- 
iials  were  (lualaTS.  It  is  sai.l  in  Scwalls  I  lislcrv  ol"  ll'^  (.Jiiakir>  ih.il  then- arri\  .-.1  .it  Unburn 
lwo,,;h<T  t»iiakiTsiii.liilvul  ihisvcar,  iKUiulv,  M.irv  I'i-Iht  ami  Ami  An-iin,  w  hn  wi-n- Vi-ry  ill 
trcaliJ  on  llioir  arnv.ii,  by  Gov.  BcUin^'h.ini,' lhoiiL;h  there  was  yet  no  Uiw  a-.imbt  LiuaLers. 


.1; ■■•.''    j*VS 


'■'  n.i''. 


' "  •  i  i 


,.    .r  :  ^..!-  ? 


1^17.] 


Before  the   Court  of  Assistants. 


133 


I.  Qiifst      Whillicr  y.ni  oune  yor  selves  to  be  such  as  arc  commonly  knosvne  or 

callcti  by  y  name  ot  Quakers  \ 
Aiisr.     Wee  are  all  so  called.     Wee  arc  all  of  one  minde. 

■I.  (iiiest.     Whither  yow  bronght  not  oner  hither  seuerall  bookes  wherein  are 
cutiteyned    the  seuerall   opinions   of  y«  sect  or  people.      .Mary   IVince  and 
another. 
;    [Ans.]     Yea.  those  y'  were  taken  from  us. 
;,   3.  Quest.     Wherefore  came  yow  into  theise  parts  ? 
Anb\     (by  all)  To  doc  y"  will  of  Cod  w'euer  he  should  mak  knownc  to  be  his 
wdl. 

4.  Quest.     ]I(iw  doe  yow  make  it  Appeare  v»  Cod  called  yow  hither  ' 
Ann'.  (Dor.  \Vawgh)*  He  y'  belienes  li;itli  v  witnrss  in  himself. 

(I]rend.)f  15y  the  Power  of  y'' spirit  .WV'l„rd.  h  was  a  crosse  to  mv  will 
I  would  nut  haiie  come  but  the  lord  hath  broui'ht  me  downe  to  obv  liim  in 
Ins  call. 

5.  Quest.     Doe  yow   Acknowledger  y^' liuht  in  every  man's  Conscirnc  y' comes 
nito  y-'  world  is  \«  and  y'  y'  liiiht  would  >aue  him  if  obcyd  ? 

The  Ans'  to  y'  in  thiere  bookes  is,  The  li-ht  is  but  one  W^''  is  \\  who  enli"hl- 
nes  one,  and  all  are  enliLditned  wth  one  li-ht,  as  in  the  3' pa^  of  v'  boulvc 
and  m  >^  clo.se  of  y  booke.  Ad  :  v'  y»  is  called  \--  li-ht  of  yo'  Conscienc' 
the  true  teacher,  and  sayd  to  be  the  lirst  stop  to  peace,  xdl  vcrfni. 
Mury  J'rince  Do  yow  uune  the  letter  you- sent  me  ?  which  was  sheu  ('7.^/1 
liir.  ^        ' 

Ans^  Yes:  and  sayd  it  was  y«  ctcrnall  word  of  y«  lord  wich  must  stand  for 
eiior,  and  should  stand  ;  and  sayd  further,  she  wioie  this  as  a  pruphct   one  of 

^  yMord,  and  was  Cui.led  by  y«  Infallible  Spirit  of  y''  lord.  ' 

G.  Quest.  ^Viletller  yo.v  oune  that  the  scriptures  are  the  rule  of  knowing- God 
and  living  to  him  .'  ^ 

Ans^     The  eternall  wor.l  is  y«  Rule  of  theire  lines,  and  not  y^  written  word  :  and 
in   Ans^   to  y-^  (Question  propounded   from   them  :  That   if  yow  had  not  the 
scriptures   to  direct  yow   yet  yow  haue  y' wthia  yow  wch  was  belore  scrip- 
ture, y'  vould  ijuide  you  ari^'ht. 
To  wch  Mary  Prince  Ansrd,  yea,  and  y'  it  was  a  sutlicyent  Cuidc. 

7.  Quest.     Doe  yow  Acknowled::  y'  .\'  is  Cod  and  man  in  one  pson  .' 

This  they  w  ill  not  acknowleilg. 

8.  Quest.  Doe  yow  Ackuowledg  one  Cod  sub, Luting  in  three  persons  —  father, 
Sonne  and  lu)ly  Ghost  .' 

Ans'.     They  Acknowledg  no  Trinity  of  persons. 

9.  Quest.  Whither  yow  Acknowledg  v'  Cod  and  man  in  one  person  remayne 
foreuer  a  distinct  psun  from  (Jod  y'  father  and  Cod  yMioly  (Jhost  and  from 
y°  saints,  notwithstanding  theire  vuion  and  comunion  wth  h'im  ? 

This  they  will  not  Acknowledgis. 

10.  Quest.     Doe  yow  Acknowledg  your  self  a  sinner  ? 

This  they  will  not  Acknowled-e. 

11.  Quest.  Doe  yow  Acknowledg  Baptisme  wth  water  to  be  an  ordinance  of 
God  ? 

This  they  will  not  Acknowledg. 

..'.■""  '  ''^ 

*  norolhy  \\'.ii).,li.  •  -  -    .  ,      .  ■ 

f  William  BrciKl,  ur  l>ranil.     J^oc  List  of  I\i;scii|.-crs  in  t!,c  i^^jiccilwcll. 


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A   Cumphic  List  of  I  he  Jnnislcrs  of  JJustun.         [April, 


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1847.] 


First  ScUlrrs  of  Xew  EinyhiiuL 


137 


A    LIST    OF    NAMES    FOUND    a:\IONG    THE    FIRST 
SETTLERS    OF    NEW    KNCJLANl). 


(Tliose  names  wliicli  are  starred  are  nut  foiilaineil  in  I'ariiier's  GeM<'alo;.'iial  Uei.';»ler,  and 
coni'tTMiiiL,'  lliose  wliirli  an;  iinl  starred,  additional  (iiel%  are  rclaled,  Tlie  artiele  is  [ire- 
[mrcJ  entirely  Iroiu  uiii)iilili>lied  liianiiserijils,  liy  .Mr    5.  (j.  DraLe.) 


Adams,  Samuel,  Chelni'ford,  atitliorir.ed 

to  solemnize  niarria;^es  ihcre,  lii'")!. 
ALr,r:N,  ]{u/.oun,  Boston,  const. ible.  ICSO, 
Ai.LiN,  Oneshmiorls,*  Ipswich,  ItJT'.i. 
Ai.LY.NE,    Thomas, »    B.irnsl;»bli',    It'.lt,  a  I 
witness  to  a  sale  of  land  by  Ihe   Indian  | 
SiaciuJ:.  I 

A^nRKWS,  Thomas,*  and  Thomas  Jk.,*  i 
Dorchester,  1001.  i 

Ancikr,    A.ndrkw,    first     inhabitant    at  j 
Diinston,    Mo. —  Aeihur,    born    about  j 
10i'5. 
Annaulk,  Antiion  V,  Barnstable,  10  1 1. 
AitciiARu,    Saml'iil,*     church     iiieinber,  | 
Salem,  I04i).  j 

Ardiill,    RiciiAKo,*    Boston,    merchant,  j 

IGSO. 
Atwook,   Joun,*    ensi;.Mi,    Boston,  juror, 

IGSO. 
AvEiiY,  WiM.iAM*  and  Jon  ath  a  n,*  inoni- 

bers  of  the  church,  Dedham,  1077. 
Baxter,   Ua.mki.,  Salem,  lOW.     Carried 
the  charter  i»f  K.  Island  from   Boston  to 
Newport,  It'iiVJ.     [Funna-'sMS] 
Bentley,  William,*  came  to  New  Eng- 
land   in    the     ship     Arabella,     liichanl 
Sprague  master,  sailed  lioni  Gravesend, 
May  27,  1071. 
Bezbean  E,  Jons,*  Woburn,  1077, 
B&RiiY,  KiciiARU,*  Medlord,  10:10). 
Bf.AKE,    Francis,*     Dorchester,    lOi'il. — 

William,*  —  James,  a.  'J-l  in  liJ77. 
Blowers,  John,  a  '.U)  in  li'iii;j,a  lessee  of  an 
island  in  Boston  hnrbor  for  seven  years. 
BoTT,  Isaac,*  Boston,  lii75. 
Bradley,  William,*  Dorcliestcr,  ICOl. 
Broughtos,  Thomas,  Boston,  lOi.'j.j,  peti- 
tions   general    court    ai;aiu»l    imposing 
duties  on  importations. 
BuLr,,     \Villia:\i,      Chatlestown,      103'^, 
heard  Squaw  Sacliem  say  then,  that  she 
had  given  all  her  lands  to  Mr.  (I'lbbons  ; 
%vas  I'l  years  of  aL;e  in  lOii.'. 
Capen,  Baunaku,   witnesses   the    Indian 
deed   of    Dorchester,    I'ul;     Samlel,* 
also  a  witness  to  the  sanii>. 
Cari'E.nter,    \Villiam,    Ilinjham,    1011, 
witnessed,  and  seems  to  have  drawn  the 
deed   of  a   tract   of  land   there  from  tiie 
Indians    "  to    Jolin    'J'ower   the    elder." 
His   aulOL;r.iph,   and    the    inshument  to 
which  it  is  attached,  are  a  most  elcj^ant 
specimen  of  the  chiroL;rapliy  ofth.it  ajje. 
Ciikevkr,  Kzekikl,  married  the   widow 
of    Capt     I.,othrop,  who    was    killed    in 
Sudbury  fight,  before  .May  I'J,  lObU. 
Child,     Kichakd,*     Watertown, 
lObO. 

0 


juror 


CiiTRni,     (JAitRETT,    Watertown,     lO'iO, 

iiyed  .01  in  I'li'..;. —  RifUAKD,  I'lymouth, 

I'liil  ;  went  there  from  WessaKuscussetl. 

Clarke,  Jona.s,  constable  of  (.'arnbridge, 

li'.NJ.  —  'I'liKoDOitE,*  York,  lOOIi. 
Clat,  Nathaniel,*  Dorchester,  1004. 
Coiiii,  IIenr\,    Barnstable,  1044. 
Cook,  GtoKHE,  Colonel,  >ic.,   Cambridge, 
M-^.,  in  which  place  and  vicinity  he  had 
lai^e  possessions  ;  returne<l  to   Kn^lai.d 
in  or   about   tlie  beginning  of  the  Ci\il 
War,  in  which  he  took  a  jurt,  went  into 
Ireland,  where  be  was  killed  in  lO.'iJ.    lie 
w;is  twice   married,   and   left   by   one  of 
liis  wives,  two  daughters :  1.  MA!!V,m. 
to  "  her  iTiother's  younger  brother,"  Mr. 
Samuel    Annesley,    ICM.     In    lOO'J  she 
resided  at   Martins   in   the   Fields,  Lon- 
don: in  lii'.H   slie  resided  with  her  lius- 
band    in    the    city   of    ^Vestminster.     "J. 
1!li/.aiie  1 H,  m.   1st,  Rev.  John    Quick, 
of  St.  (ules.  Crip[ile  Gate,  London,  ar.d 
perha[is,  :.'iidly,  Joseph  Caw  ihorne. 
Crisie,   Benjamin,  "  Misticke  als  Mead- 

forde,"'  lO'dO, 
Ci'RwiN,   GEonne,  Salem,  lOiS-J,  aged  70  ; 

went  there  near  4  1  years  bcl'ore. 
CisiiiN.  Ji:ri.mi All.*    Boston,  juror,  ICSO. 
Davis.  Lawrenck,*  York,  160i.'i. 
DiNSDALK,    \\'iLi.iAM,    ai;ed     17    in    li'OI. 
Hired    an    island    of  John    I.evciett,    in 
Boston  liaibor,  for  seven  years. 
Doi;<,Ki  r,  John,  Hingham.  KJO,',  w  here  he 

witnessed  an  Indian  deed. 
DiRciE,    William,*    came    to    Ipswich, 
Nov.  'J,  lOi'ilJ,  and  was  then  3,')  years  old. 
H.ul  been   in   the   W.  Indies,  and  c.nne 
here  from  thence.     AViie,  Martha.     I'er- 
h.ips    tins    name    is    that   since    wiitteii 
])nr^in. 
]•". ooilcom  i;e.    Milks,*    a.  'J3,    lt''70..    Was 
at  "  Black  Point  the  day  and  tyiue  when 
nine  of  Winterhavbor  men  were  li^'btin:; 
with   the  Indians   upon  the  ?,inds  o[ipo- 
siie  to  the  said  place.' 
F.EDY,    John,*     I'lymoath,    left    there    to 
i       reside    111     Massachusetts,   before    Feb, 
j      lo:i-'. 

I  Kl'EIts,  Ma  rill  AS,*  Dnrchesler.  lOi'.l. 
'i  I-VEKKii,  John,  Chelmsfoid,  lii'l,  where 
}       be  IS  aulhoii/.ed  to  unite  people   in  m.ir- 
I       lii^^e. 

FooTE,  1'asc'o,  Salem  cburcli.  Ii'b). 
I  Foster,   Ja.mks.*    J)orche.sler,   coii>t.ibIe, 
I       lO.Si). 

I  Fox,  'l"iioMA«-,  M.S., about  .V2  in  10..'.',  wile, 
I       Klinor. 
\  Ti.i.  kVF.i.L,  Umiiako,  Dunston,  .Mo.  l'''il. 


.>>.'V      \^•V' 


,V;4W      ■■    "*l 


133 


First  Sclllcrs  of  Xciu  Jjiiglnnd. 


[April, 


FnANKLiN,    Bentamin,     BostoH,    bcfore 

1(J78,  wife,  Katherine. 
FltlE^D,  John,  Salprii,  church  mcnib.,  IT.  10. 
GoDDAKD,  Giles,*  Boston,  lO'C,  liad  wife 

and  servants. 
Gkat,    Joiim,*    buys    Nantasket    of    the 

Indians,  IG''.'2. 

GkEKNLKAFE,     EnOCII,*     BostOn,     SflddlCT, 

U\'J3. 

GttEF.Noi'aii,  RoHERT,*  Rowloy,  1701. 

Grken,  Joh.n,  Carnliridge,  juror,  lOSO. 
Na  riiANiEL,  lfJ75. 

Hariioj),  Thomas,*  Boston,  juror,  lOSO. 

Hews,  jEKEMfAU,*  Dorchester,  IGGl. — 
Et.EAZEB,*  Dorchester. 

Ha  uxwoRTH,  Thomas,*  Salisbury.  Had 
a  danijhtcr  married  to  Oiiebiphorus  Piij^e. 
His  widow  was  living  tiiere,  1007. 

Haydes,  Samuel,*  Doichester  or  vicin- 
ity, ICiji".. 

Hir.i.s,  Joseph,  Mcdford,  a.  I'.i)  in  li'^Cl:-'. 
Capt.  James,*  [HillJ  grand  juror,  Bos- 
ton, ir.si', 

Hoar,  AVii.i.ia m,*  Boston,  baker,  li'i79. 

HonMA>,  John,  Dorchester,  I'm'.',  born 
lti.')9. 

Hood,  Jeremiah,*  Massachusetts,  1G7G. 

HopiN,  Steven,*  born  IG'JGi,  Dorchester, 
in  Capt.  Roi^or  Clapp's  employ.  IGIJ. 
Witness  to  Indian  deed  of  Dorchester, 
('^.  1:  1G19.) 

HonGHTON,  Ralph,  Lancaster,  ]  G7G. 
where  he  was  constable,  collector  oi' 
taxes,  treasurer,  &c.  There  were  al  the 
same  place  in  1703,  Henry,  Jonas, 
Robert,  John,  Sen  ,  John,  Ju.,  Joslph 
and  JACon. 

Howard,  Jacob,*  Dorchester,  1GG4. 

Hudson,  William,  lived  at  "  Wadins; 
River"  in  1G70,  "where  Kin^  I'liilip 
and  Squamaug  (brother  of  Josias  do- 
ceased)  met  to  settle  the  bounds  between 
them,  which  had  for  some  time  been  in 
dispute. 
Johnson,  Edward,  a.  GO  in  IGGiO,  at 
which  time  he  gives  evidence  about 
land  in  Charlestown.  Francis,  Mar- 
blehead,  IGGO,  nephew  of  Mr.  Christo- 
pher Coulsou,  a  merchant  adventurer  of 
London. 
JovLiFFE,  John.  Boston,  will  dated  IG.O'). 
1700.  Had  a  brother.  Dr.  GEonriE  Jov- 
MEEK,  in  England;  sisters,  jioiioniv 
Cane,  in  England,  Maktha  C(ioi;,iii 
England,  Reiiecta  Woi.corr,  Marca- 
REF  Drake,  and  Makv  Biss,  "some- 
time wife  of  James  Biss  of  Shepton 
Mallet,    in    the    county   of    Somerset," 

iMlg. 

Key,  Joshua,*  probably  married  a  daugh- 
ter of  Capt.  Thomas  Lothrop,  who  was 
killed  by  the  Indians  in  \>\1C>.  as  his 
children  received  a  legacy  out  of  Loth- 
rop'* estate. 

KiNc,  Thomas,  was  an  inhabitant  of 
Exeter,  1G75. 

KniqiiTj   Walter,   aged   GG   in    IG.':],  at 


wliich  time  he  was  at  Boston.  The 
same  person  was  at  Nantasket  in  IGJ'J. 
John,  Cliailcstuwn,  juror  in  the  witch 
trials,  li'i^O. 
Latham,  Ca  r  v,  was  born  in  lCr2;  Boston, 
li;r,:j. 

Lawrence,  Thomas,  Hiniiham,  IGGl. 
Loephelin,  Petsk,*  Frenchman,  Boston, 

lii7'J. 
Leach,  Richard,   Salem,  a.    GO   in  1G73, 

leased  a  farm  of  Gov.  lundecott,  IG,")?. 
LoNu,     RuisKiiT,    IMarblehead,    a.     70  in 

1 GGO. 
LoTHKop,    Capt.    Thomas:    his    widow 
married  Joseph   Grallon,  before  May  19, 
liVso.     After    her  decease,  the    property 
left  her  by  Lothrop  was  ordered  by  court 
to  the  wile   of  E/.ekiel  Chever,  and  her 
issue,  heirs  of  Capt.  Lothrop.     It  is  also 
ordered  Mrs.  Grafton  to  pay  to  the  chil- 
dren of  Jo.ihua  Key,  .CJO. 
LvoN,  I'eiek,  Dorchester,  IGGI. 
Mai:i:ineu,Andrew,*  Boston,  1G'J3,  leath- 
er dresser. 
Mather,  Ti.mothy,  Dorchester,  1G(^7. 
Maviiew,  Thomas,  hired  a  farm  jn  Med- 

ford,  lG3iJ. 
Mei.len,  John,*    Charlestown,  where  he 

died  before  IGO,"). 
MiuDLECorr,  Mk.   [Uiciiakd?]   Boston, 

juror  at  trials  for  witchcraft,  liiSo. 
MoKALL,    James,*    b.    IGGO,    .Massachu- 
setts, IG'-O. 
MoKSE,  WiLLiA.M,  Newbury;  wife,  Eliza- 
beth, accused   of  practising   %vitchcraft, 
finally  acquitted  at  Hoston,  IGSO. 
!\IosE,  John,  \Vatertown,  IGSO,  constable. 
Morr,     Nathaniel,    a.     19,     ur     there- 
abouts, in  1G81. 
Nai;a  MOKE,  Thomas,*   Dorchester,  1CG4. 
Persons  of  this  name  are   in   N.  Hamp- 
shire at  this  time 
Nek; H BOP..  James,*  Massachusetts.  1GC2. 
OnioHN  E,  JiiiiN   an<l  Phii.l.,   Portsmouth, 
N.  IT ,  1G.')7,  subscribed  toward  the  sup- 
port of  public  worship. 
Page,    Onkpiphoius.*    Salisbury,    16C7, 
married  dauijhter  of  Thomas  Hauxworth 
[Hawksworth]. 
Pai:>()Ns,  Mai:k,*  Sagadahock,  IGG;!. 
Pa TK.^HALi ,  RiutEur,*   Boston,  IG.'ir),  pe- 
titions tJencral  Court  ag.un>t  duties  on 
importations. 
Pka.'^mi:,  J(>m;imi,  went  to   Haverhill  be- 

Ibre  lG'^i3. 
Philip-^,    John,*     Massachusetts,     1G30, 
styled  servant,  went  to  Plymouth,  1G31. 
pDi.K,  Wii.M.\M,*  Dorchester,  IGl'J.     The 

name  is  since  written  I'lol. 
Pr.v N ,  Ei'ii LAi.M,*  boin  IGGl,  Dorchester, 

Jii^O. 
R  \ !  N'-FiiitD.  S  \  M  I  i:i.,*  Bo-it  on,  kille<i  with 
Capt.  'I'urncr,  at   Pawtuckel,  in   I'hilip's 
war,  leaving  no  relative  in  the  country. 
Rice,  Hr.NKY,  Charlestown.  juror,  U'>G2. 
RicHAKD,   GvLEs,*  Sen.,  Massachusetts, 
IGGG. 


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IS17. 


Capital   Offences  In  MassacIiKSCtls. 


139 


RonniNS,    RiniARi),  juror    at    trials    for 

witclicrafl,  lOSO. 
luiirr,    Thomas,    Lynn,    lo7l,    where    he 

attetniited  to  ijalher  a  chnicli. 
liv  A  i.L,  JosEi  11,*  Cliai  lestowii,  constable, 

)  o,so. 

SAU.MHiiis,  IMaui-jn,*  born  liJ30,  Boston, 
lo7'.l. 

Seai.k,  Ephkaim,*  Lieutenant,  Boston, 
juror,  liisi;). 

Shakes,  John,*  Boston,  Lieutenant,  iG-'i^. 

Si:\VAr,i,,  Hi;.MtY,  was  residing  at  Man- 
cliester,  Lancaster  co.,  Lng,  in  lo23, 
only  son  of  II t;N KY  Si  \v  m,i.,  who  ranie 
to  \.  I'liiijlaiul  with  liis  family,  ami  set- 
tled in  Newbury. 

Siikkhi'km;,  Gi;oiti;K,  b.  li'Q2,  Ports- 
mouth, 1050,  ni.  llehecca,  dau.  Ambrose 
Gibbins,  and  had  cliiKhen,  Samtkl, 
]'.t,iZAiii:Tn,  ni.  Tobias  Lear,  Makv, 
Hk.vkv,  John,  A  m  lU'-o'-i:,  Sauah,  and 
UiJiiECiA.     [Fuiincr'i  MS.] 

Sii'.LY,  JiiiiN,  church  member,  Salem, 
I'VIO. 

Smith,  John,*  Barnstable,  ICH. 

Si'RAcri:,  SAMri.i.,*    Cbarleslown,  IGrT). 

Si  ii.iiM  A  \,  Ki.i  \s,  Boston,  constable,  1073. 

SioNE,  JiMiN,*  \Vaterto\vn,  juror,  KJSO. 

SiuusoN,  RoiiEKi,*  one  of  the  commis- 
sioners for  settling;  the  bounds  between 
Plymouth  and  Massaclmsetls,  H>ol. 

SrM.NEi;,  W'l  i.i.i  A  M,*  Dorchester,  1G70. 

Swain,  John, »  Salisbuiy,  b.  Iii33,  Nan- 
tucket, 171)3.  A  Lieutenant  Swain  had 
been  under  Major  Appleton  a;;ainst  tlie 
Indians  at  Narras;atiset,  in  lo7j.  He 
was  afterwanls  a  c.iptain. 

Tati.kr,  John,*  Shipcot,  [Sheepscot,] 
1G(J.'). 

TiiAVER,  RunAiiii,  Massachusetts,  went 
to  England,  and  returned  in  1G79. 

Tl.NKUA  M.  El- Hit  AIM,  MaSSacllUSet  tS,  ll'il'iG, 

at  which  time  he  was  a  witness  to  the 
sale    of   lands    to    Richard    Thayer    of 
Braintrce,    by   tlie    Indian    chief   Jusius. 
He  attests  to  it  in  li)7!-:. 
TowEi:,  JtniN,    Hiiij^ham,  buys   a    large 


tract  of  land  of  several  Indians  in  that 
place;  deed  dated  June  17,  lG-11.  In 
an  eridorsemeiit  on  said  deed,  i  rri.ide  by 
Ri:  Bellinghani,  ID:  1:  lGiV.'-3,)  John 
TowEH  is  called  senior.  But  in  the 
Tower  GE.NKALO(;irAT.  Ti'.tE  there 
arc  assigned  as  the  children  of  Joh.n 
TowEuof  Hingliam,  (lo37)  only  Am- 
itiiosK,    Benjamin,    Jo.natha.n,    Ha.n- 

N  A  H,  and  Jr.  I'.K.Ml  AH. 

Travis,  Damli,,*  "  chiefe  gunner  in  y« 
town  of  Boston,  to  salute  shipps  and 
look  after  y"^  artillery,"  at  .Ld  per  an- 
num, l'>0. 

Wait,  John,  Charlestown,  juror,  1GG2, 
[spelt  \\\iyli\]  Boston,  juror  at  the  trials 
for  witchcraft,  l'"iSO.  Kn  hakd,  Boston, 
a.  SJ  in  li')7S.  He  was  marshal.  Kuii- 
Ai:i),  Spnn^'field,  ICsO,  wounded  by  In- 
dians, Oct.  f>,  1G75. 

Wales,  Joh  n,*^  and  John,  Ju,*  Dorches- 
ter, 1G77. 

Wai.kkk,  RoBLiir,  Boston,  aged  7:2  in 
lt'i79.  II(!came  from  Manchesl(.'r,  Eng., 
where  he  was  living  in  1GJ3. 

Way,  RiriiAiii),  Lieutenant,  Boston,  ju- 
ror, 1G80.     Henry,  Dorchester,  IG'it. 

Wedi:,  Thomas,  came  to  N.  England  in 
1G71,  in  the  ship  Arabella,  Capl.  Richard 
Spiague,  which  sailed  from  Gravesend 
IVhiy  -'7. 

WiiiTTiNCHAM,  Richard,*  Charlestown, 
IGM;  had  been  in  E.ngland  in  IG'Jl. 

M'li.i.EY,  EnwARu,*  Boston,  juror,  IGSG. 

Wii.i. lA  MS,  Wii.LiAM,*  Boston.  1G75,  wife, 
Johanna;  was  pressed  to  go  against  the- 
Indians  in  Philiji's  war.  and  was  killed 
at  Medlield,  leaving  "four  small  chil- 
dren." 

Wii.i.is,  Lawuence,*    Barnstable,    3r,.H. 

Wi.NsoK,  JosiiLA,*  Boston,  constable, 
IG.sG. 

Wjswat.l,  John,  Dorchester,  witnesses  a 
new  deed  of  the  town,  (S;  t :  10  10,)  made 
"because  y"  old  deed  was  sonielluiig. 
decayed  with  ill  keeping.'' 


CAPITAL  OFFENCES  EN  MASSACHUSETTS. 


Thirteen  oireiiccs  were  made  capital  by  the  original  laws  of  Mas- 
sachusetts 15ay  ;  namely,  idolatry;  Witchcraft;  Ulaspltemy ;  IMiirder; 
BestiaHty  ;  Sudomy  ;  Adultery;  llapc  ;  Man-.steaUn<5  ;  False-wilness  ; 
Conspiracy,  or  retiellion  against  the  government ;  Cursing  or  smiting 
the  fallier  or  mother,  after  passing  sixteen  years  of  age,  tinlcss  with 
justifying  provocaticju,  or  with  nnchristianly  neglect  in  education ; 
Filial  rebellion,  after  sixteen  years  of  age. 

To  these  were  ndiled,  1()92,  High  Treason;  Concealing  the  death 
of  a  bastard  child  ;  Arson  ;  Piracy. 


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--.■i      i--. 


140 


Jaridiral  Statistics  of 


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>'      IS  17.]  Reasons  fur   Goicnlog-ical  Titvrs/i\'-atio)is.  147 

TiEASONS    FOR    GENEALOGICAL   INVESTIGATIONS. 

[c  OMni  i.mcaTfi)  Foit  THE   uegistek] 

Porlhips  nt  no  lime  sint^e  tlic  sottleiiicut  of  onr  country,  lins  ilic  pub- 
lic niiiid  been  j-o  ik-eply  inlercstcd  in  ^'cnealogicril  research  as  it  is  at 
the  present.  There  is  no\v  perctMVcd  tiuioni^  all  clnsses,  a  growing- 
disposition  to  make  incjuirics  respcclinii;  the  past.  Tlie  National  an<l 
State  archives  are  compelled  to  surrender  tlie  treasures  which  lor 
centuries  have  been  locked  up  in  tlieir  inii>ty  embrace.  On  every 
side  individuals  are  to  be  found,  who  are  ransacking  the  homesteads 
of  their  fathers,  to  acquire  materials  for  l)ioLrra[ihy  and  to  settle  the 
questions  respecting  their  ancestors  which  incjuisitivcness  sngirests. 

Some  of  these  individuals  appear  to  he  urged  on  by  curiosity  alone. 
If,  through  tbeir  itKpiiries,  they  ascertain  that  they  have  descended 
from  an  old  ami  celebrated  family,  the  discovered  fact  seems  to  re- 
pay them  for  all  the  toil  at  the  "expense  of  wliich  that  fact  may 
he  brought  to  light.  To  establish  tlieir  claim  to  descent  from  some 
noted  warrior  of  the  age  of  chivalry,  or  iVom  some  distinguished  states- 
man of  a  later  dale,  they  are  willing,  not  only  to  spenil  lat)orions  days 
and  sleepless  nights,  but  their  purses  are  open,  and  their  gratitude 
is  freely  e.xpres.seil,  to  any  one  who  shall  furnish  them  witli  a  link  to 
perfect  the  chain  whicli  may  connect  them  with  their  supposed  an- 
cestors. 

A  family  pride,  either  innate  or  acquired,  leads  otbcr  incjuircrs  to 
their  task.  It  is  the  height  of  their  andiition  to  be  able  to  trace  their 
lineage  to  the  lirst  settlers  of  our  country.  To  have  derived  tlieir  ex- 
istence from  the  noble  band  vlio  left  a  home  rendered  insui)porlable 
by  religious  persecution,  and  crossed  the  stormy  Atlantic  in  the  frail 
]\Iayllower,  i.s  to  them  a  source  of  the  liighest  pleasiu'c.  In  their 
efforts  to  establish  this  derivation,  fiicts  of  great  importance  in  the 
local  history  of  onr  country  have  been  elicited.  These  efforts  have 
given  birth  to  most  of  our  town  histories,  whereby  materials,  invalua- 
ble to  onr  future  historiographers  and  biograpliers  are  ]ireserved  from 
the  ravages  of  time.  These  men  in  consc(]uence  of  their  researches 
become  the  7ii/c/ci  of  associations  for  historical,  genealogical,  and  bio- 
graphical pursuits,  which,  here  and  there,  are  springing  into  existence. 
These  associations  are  awakening  the  mass  of  the  people  to  a  sense 
of  the  im[)orlance  of  the  olijects  tor  which  they  were  formed.  Many 
young  men,  naturally  enthusiastic  in  every  thing  they  undertake,  liave 
caught  the  spirit  of  anticjnarinn  research.  From  them  we  have  much 
to  ho[)e.  New  modes  of  investigation  may  be  projected,  new  [)lans 
for  arranging  and  preserving  hisu)rical  and  genealogical  discoveries 
may  be  juoposed,  and  new  deductions  from  these  discoveries  may  be 
made.  Such  are  some  of  the  advantages  wliich  may  be  confidently 
predicted  as  the  result  of  these  labors  in  the  genealogical  field. 

Other  inquirers  are  inclined  to  the  study  of  genealogy  from  the 
argumcntian  ad  pcciou'ar/i.  The  vast  amount  of  property  which 
remains  in  abeyance  in  the  old  world,  has  arrested  iheir  attention. 
Every  announcement  of  estates  wanting  heirs  stimulates  anew  their 
investigations;  and  the  presiding  genius  of  the  age  suggests  to  them 
the  possibility  of  finding  themselves  entitled  to  tliis  unclaimed  property. 

How  important,  then,  that  a  genealogical  record  should  exist,  where- 


.ti^o'iVj-U. 


.3    \ 


(•; 


•-;'•.  Ti/.-i 


■i.    y.'0:>ci^':J.'^ 


;.h  ,^.v 


I 


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I. ■■?••■;;•'•    :-r't  ,tj; 


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lis 


Reasons  for   Ccncdlo^ical  Livesli'i^alions. 


April, 


in  the  heirs  of  families  shoiiM  liavc  a  pcrinanent  place  I  How  many 
l)ittcr  controversies  respecting  heirship  would  thereby  he  prevcnlcJl 
How  many  frandnlent  distributions  of  property  would  thus  he  de- 
feated! How  many  of  those  who  have  been  rendered  destitute  by 
the  deec|itions  of  false  claimants,  would  be  restored  to  their  legal 
rights,  if  such  a  record  had  been  hitherto  properly  kept  I 

Tiie  dis[)ules  of  heirs  relative  to  the  distribution  of  estates  have 
frequently  occisioned  diliicully  in  our  civil  courts.  In  some  cases 
jiroperty  has  been  carried  to  collateral  heirs,  because  lineal  descend- 
ants could  not  sulTiciently  prove  their  derivation,  and  in  other  ca;cs, 
those  who  would  have  inherited  at  law  as  the  representatives  of  a 
deceased  jiarent,  are  excluded  by  the  intrigues  of  living  co-heirs. 
Frauds,  as  the  reports  of  our  courts  attest,  liave  been  ])erpetrated  by 
those,  who,  from  a  similarity  of  name,  though  unrelated,  have  em- 
boldened themselves  to  step  in  and  exclude  others  who  were  legally 
entitleil  to  the  property,  but  who  were  unable  to  furnish  sufficient 
evidence  to  establish  their  claim. 

The  steamers  from  England  often  bring  news  of  the  extinguish- 
ment of  Eurojican  resident  heirs  to  estates  m  that  country;  and  much 
money  has  been  expended  in  the  research  of  ancestry,  by  our  own 
citizens,  who  have  imagined  themselves  to  be  the  true  heirs  to  this 
property.  The  families,  from  which  the  greater  number  of  these  es- 
tates descend,  are  okl  families;  branches  of  which  came  to  this  coun- 
try prior  to  the  commencement  of  the  eighteenth  century,  and  the 
trans-atlantic  branch  of  the  stock  has  run  out.  AVhen  this  is  the  casa, 
it  is  of  high  importance  that  the  American  descendants  of  these  fami- 
lies should  be  able,  clearly  and  conclusively,  to  prove  their  derivation. 
In  this  view,  is  it  not  a  matter  of  surprise,  that  until  the  present  year, 
the  |)ublication  of  a  journal  which  could  furnish  information  of  so  im- 
portant a  character  as  that  which  now  demands  so  great  a  share  of 
the  public  attention,  has  been  delayed  ? 

A  Register  which  shall  contain  "  Biographical  ^Memoirs,  Sketches, 
and  Notices  of  persons  who  eame  to  North  America,  especially  to  New 
England,  before  Anno  Domini  1700;  showing  from  what  places  in 
Euro[>e  they  came,  their  Families  there,  and  their  descendants  in  this 
country;"  which  shall  give  "full  and  minute  Genealogical  Memoirs 
and  Tables,  showing  the  lineage  and  descent  of  Families,  from  the 
earliest  dates  to  which  they  can  be  authentically  traced  down  to  the 
present  time,  with  their  branches  and  connections,"  cannot  but  be  in- 
valuable. If  properly  conducted,  if  the  severest  scrutiny  is  exercised 
by  the  writers  over  the  materials  wliich  come  under  their  notice,  in 
the  ])reparation  of  genealogical  articles,  the  Ilegister  will  become  an 
authority  in  our  courts,  and  will  save  immense  amounts  of  money 
to  the  large  number  of  individuals,  who  are  attempting  to  trace  their 
descent  from  European  families.  The  policy  of  the  law  which  in- 
vests, first,  lineal  descendants  with  intestate  estates,  and  in  the  absence 
of  lineal  descendants,  carries  the  estates  to  collateral  heirs,  in  [(refer- 
ence to  an  escheat  to  the  Slate,  is  generally  admitted.  Were  it  not  so, 
one  great  incentive  to  industry  would  be  destroyed.  The  desire  of 
securing  their  olispring  against  want,  is  a  prevalent  characteristic 
of  New  England  parents.  Assiduity  and  energy  in  the  pursuit  of 
wealth,  which  have  overcome  so  many  obstacles  in  our  inhospitable 
climate,  have  their  origin  in  the  desire  to  advance  the  interests  of  pos- 
terity.    How  desirable,  then,  in  order  to  carry  out  these  views,  docs  the 


,.,..,,,^   V^'-A" 


-i  I 


[     ■  ■'.,•!■ 


u  .      i 


■!:.;.■•''- 


M.^  y...  ■)  <■'■ 


l-^l?. 


Our  Ancestors. 


MO 


(iV'iicalogical  Register  become!  Sucli  a  puhlication  afforLls  llie  only 
jirriimiieiit  depobilury  for  such  records  as  will  serve  lu  insure  the  cui- 
recl  (lislribuliou  of  the  properly  oi'  ileeeased  persons;  and  nu  parent 
wlio  wishes  the  avails  of  his  labors  to  be  Iransmilled  to  Ins  reniule  de- 
scendants can  fail  to  ])erceive  the  utility  of  such  a  work,  or  can  decline 
to  furnish  such  information  for  its  cokuniis,  as  will  enable  lliuse  who 
CJine  after  liini  to  i)ruve  their  descent. 

The  frauds  continually  [iractised  by  those  who  assume  to  be  heirs  to 
every  unclaimed  estate,  have  become  a  matter  of  notoriety  in  Engli>li 
loL^al  practice;  and  though  there  are  many  estates  now  in  abeyance  iti 
England  for  want  of  iliscovereil  legal  heirs,  the  bar  and  the  bench  m 
England  are  exceedingly  distrustl'ul  of  the  evidence  forwarded  by 
claimants  in  this  country.  No  tioubt  many  of  tlicse  claimants  are  sin- 
cere in  the  belief  that  they  ;ue  iriie  heirs  to  iIkjso  estates  ;  but  the 
evidence  upon  which  thai  belief  is  founded  generally  jiroves  to  be  of 
too  imsaiisfactory  a  character  to  procure  a  judgment  of  tlie  English 
tribunals  in  their  favor;  whereas,  h;ul  materials  been  [ireviously  col- 
lected and  given  to  the  world  through  the  columns  of  an  authoritative 
periodical,  the  evidence  thus  furnislied  would  he  almost  irresistible  to 
any  court  of  law. 

We  can  ask  with  confidence  the  attention  of  all  travellers  to  this 
journal.  Communications  relative  to  the  antiquities  of  the  countries 
they  may  visit  ;  descri[)tions  of  monuments  which  exist,  with  the  in- 
scri[)lions  thereon;  and  such  information  as  they  may  communicate 
respecting  themselves  which  may  be  interesting  to  the  families  lo 
which  they  belong:  all  these  will  be  within  the  sco'jc  of  this  woik. 
It  needs  but  an  anuounccmcnt  of  these  facts,  to  obtain  i'lom  those  in- 
terested, communications  which  will  not  only  throw  light  upon  the 
pedigree  of  families,  but  will  contain  many  accounts  interesting  lo 
genealogists,  liiographers,  and  historians,  which  otherwise  would  be 
swept  into  oblivion;  and  in  this  department  of  the  periodical,  the  pub- 
lic will  lind  amusing,  entertaining,  and  instructive  pages.  In  this  view 
of  it,  the  New  Kuglatid  Historical  and  Ciencalogical  llcgister  should 
be  extensively  palronized  ;  and  we  are  happy  to  learn  that  thus  far  it 
meets  with  the  decided  ap[irobalion  of  the  community. 


OUK   ANCESTORS. 


"  Our  ancestors,  lliougli  not  perfect  and  infallible  in  all  respects,  were 
a  religious,  brave,  and  virtuous  set  of  men,  whose  love  of  liberty,  civil 
and  religious,  brought  them  from  their  native  land  into  the  American 
deserts." — Rev.  Dr.  J^Lujlicws  Ekctiun  Scn/io)i,  1751. 


'•  To  let  the  memory  of  these  men  die  is  injurious  to  jiostcrity ;  by 
depriving  them  of  what  might  contribute  to  promote  their  steaiiiness 
to  their  principles,  under  haidships  and  severities."  —  Ilcv.  Dr.  JJ.  Cal- 
ami/'s  iVe/acc  tu  his  AccuunL  of  Ijcclcd  JIutistc/s. 


7^ 


i<H  [    i'Ji'-i   Vt;    ■•<        A 


(!     J'    ■!■    '•! 


i.:o 


CunLrrc'j:;atioiial   Chnrrhes  and 


April, 


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N  O  T  E  S 


KvKiEn.  Thi3  scttli.'inciit  of  KxiMor  commeiicfil  in  1(;3S.  Tii'.'  fouiiJer  and 
(u-'l  minister  of  the  [)l;ioe  was  the  Rev.  Julia  Wlw lirn'j:li(,  mrntioiicil  by  Dr. 
Il.'lkuup  as  •' a  geiitleiri.m  of  learning,  piety,  anil  zeal."'  Me  raine  froiii  Lin- 
colii-i.hno,  lOnghuul,  aiul  LuuieJ  at  Bunion,  Ms.,  ISIav  "Jti,  n;.'!(i.  ''  lie  and  M.iry. 
bn  wife,  were  admitted  to  the  Jiuston  ehuieli,  on  the  TJlli  of  June."  A  sdth'- 
ttii'iit  had  been  made,  as  early  as  Itrij,  at  Mount  Wollaston,  afterwards  Bi.iin- 
trre,  Ms.  In  103-1,  r)0.-,ton  was  enlur;.'ed,  .so  as  to  ineliide  Mount  Wollaston. 
Mr.  Wheelwright  beeame  preacher  to  the  people  at  that  |)lare.  Tiiese  circuin- 
itaiices  account  for  his  being  mentioned  in  some  publications,  as  having  re- 
moved to  New  Hampshire  Irom  Biainliee  ;  and  in  others  from  tlie  chuich  in 
Boilon.  Antinoinian  sentiments  were  im[Hiled  to  Mr.  Whei'lwriglit.  lie  was 
»  brother  of  the  famous  Mrs.  Ami  Hutidiiiison,  wiiose  Antinomian  zeal  broii'.'hl 
her  into  public  notice.  At  a  Fast  in  jioston,  in  December,  l()3t),  Mr.  Wlieel- 
wriglit  [Mcached  one  of  the  scimons.  It  L'ave  ollence,  as  it  was  judged  to 
ri'lluct  on  ministers  and  niaL'istrale-^.  lie  was  said  to  have  a^seited,  •' that 
ihey  walked  in  such  a  way  of  salvation  as  was  no  b.'tter  than  a  co\enant  of 
works;"  and  also,  that  "he  o.\;lioriei.l  such  as  were  under  a  cu\iiiant  ot  ^-lace 
tj  combat  them,  as  tlieir  greate.-.t  enemies  •'■      |.V.',j/',  .\\v  t'mj,.,   Vu!.  I.  p.  Iso.j 

Mr.  Wheelwright  was  summoned,  by  the  civil  couil,  ••to  i;ive  in  his  an-wer 
evplicilly,  whetiier  he  wouM  ai^knowlediie  his  olicnce,  in  ])reachini.'  his  i.ile 
soilitious  sermon,  or  abide  the  sentence  of  the  court.""  His  answer  was.  '•  that 
lie  hail  been  guilty  of  no  sedition  nor  cnntem()t;  that  he  had  (lelivere<l  nothing 
but  the  truth  of  Christ  :  and.  for  the  apjdication  of  his  doclriue,  tliat  was  niaile 
by  otheis,  and  not  by  himself,  he  was  not  respon-'ibh'."'     [Nriil's  N.  E.,  I.  H)0.| 

Not  being  inclined  to  com[)ly  with  the  reipie^t  of  t!ie  court,  that  lie  woidd, 
'•out  of  a  regard  to  the  public  peace,  leave  tin;  Colony,  of  his  own  accord,"'  lie 
was  sentenced  '•  to  be  di^fianchised,  to  be  banished  the  jurisdiction,  and  to  be 
liken  into  custody  immediately,  unless  he  should  give  security  to  depait  bidoio 
the  end  of  March."  Appeal  not  beini:  ailmitted,  and  tlecliniiiL'  to  i:ive  bail,  he 
was  taken  into  custody,  but  released  the  iie\t  dav.  on  ••  declaring  himselt  will- 
i[ig  to  submit  to  a  simple  banishment."     \Nral\s  X.  I'.,  I.  191  ] 

.Mr.  WheeKviight,  havinir  purchased  lauds  of  the  Indians  at  Sijuam^cot 
Falls,  with  a  number  of  his  adhereuls  began  a  plantation  in  H)3'<,  which,  aci-uvd- 
iiig  to  agreement  made  with  Mason's  aLTi-nl,  llu-v  calieil  Kvcter.  ''Il.iving 
obtained  a  dismission  from  the  church  in  Bo^tuii,  Ihe)/  firmed  thcm-ieltts  into  a 
ciiurch  ;  and  judging  ihemstdves  without  the  juii>diction  of  Massaciiusetts, 
they  combined  into  a  se])arate  bodv  politic,"  ^e.  (  IhUukij),  I.  37.]  This  com- 
bination continued  thiee  years.  The  names  of  tho^e  dismiss'Hi  from  Iju-ton 
were  John  Wheelwriirht.  Idehard  Merrys,  Kiehard  IkiL'ar,  Philemon  I'urinoiii, 
Isaac  'Josse,  Chri.-lopher  Maishall,  (leorm?  J5avte«,  Thomas  Wardeil,  William 
Waidell.  \I)r.  Ihlknap  fyum  Hu.'>ton  Chk.  lUrords.]  "  When  K\eler  came 
under  the  jurisdiotion  of  Massachusetts,  Mr.  Wheidwright,  being  still  under 
hcutence  of  banishment,  with  those  of  bis  church  who  were  resolved  to  adhere 
to  him,  ri-moved  into  the  I'rovince  of  Maine,  and  settled  at  Wells.  He  was 
sDun  after  re.^toreil,  upon  a  slight  acknowledgment,  to  the  freedom  (;f  the 
Colony;  and  in  1047  accepted  an  invitation  from  the  church  in  Hampton,  and 
ficltled  as  colleague  with  Mr.  Dalton.""  '•After  his  dismission  from  IIamj)ton 
church  he  went  to  Eni:land,  where  he  was  in  favor  with  Cromwell,  with  whom 
ho  had  in  early  lite  been  associated  at  the  rniveisitv  of  Camhridu'e  in  Knir- 
land.  After  Charles  II.  came  to  the  throne,  Mr.  WheelwriLdit  returnevl  to  Ni'w 
Kngland.  and  took  up  his  residi-nce  at  Sali~biir\',  wlierc^  he  died  .Xovember  If), 
^171),  iigfj.  jirobably,  aliont  S.")  years."'      \l)i>ic'^  Hist.  Ai'.dri.s^  at  Jfninpldit.] 

Neal,  although  his  sym[)athies  were  with  the  opjionents  of  Wheelwrighf, 
mentions  him  as  being  '•afterwards  an  nseliil  mini-ter  in  tin;  town  of  Hamp- 
ton."' Dr.  Cotton  Mather,  while  he  juslilies  the  proceediriLrs  of  the  coiut 
against  Mr.  Wheelwii^ht,  accounts  him  ''  a  man  that  had  the  root  of  the  matter 
in  him."  Having  quoted  at  lar^e  Mr.  Wheelwright's  address  to  the  govern- 
ment, Dr.  Mather  savs,  '•  Upon  this  most  ingenious  acknowI(>dLremenf,  hi;  was 
restor'.'d  unto  his  former  liberty,  and  interest   among   the   peo[)le  of  Cmd  ;  and 


,i;j-    ■,•    \v. 


,'.[-      .;!:*:• 


,        .  ,       •(    -O'.-'     .-,  ;  .'  ;.v  1 

i.i/i 

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.    .    ..     ...vil 


10-2 


Cungrci^ational   Churches  and 


[April, 


lived  almost  40  years  after,  a  valupil  servant  of  the  rhnrch,  in  hii  generation." 
JveferriiiL;  to  surne  publications  of  the  day,  in  wliich  Mr.  Wheehvrit^ht  waj 
cliarL'etl  with  bcin^  licrelical,  iJr.  Mather  said,  '•  ?/iii  i^ooil  vum  piibhshed  a 
vindication  of  himself,  against  the  wrontis  that  had  been  done  unto  hini."  In 
lliis  vindication  were  (jiioted  the  words  ot  Mr.  Cotton  — ''  I  tlo  conceive  anti  pro- 
fess, lliat  our  brother  Wheehvriglit'.s  tloctrine  is  according  to  Cod,  in  the  points 
controverted."  Mr.  Wheelwright  also  jnoduced  "  a  ileclaiation  fiorn  t!ie  wliolo 
general  court  of  the  Colony,  signed  by  the  secretary,"'  in  whicli  "they  now 
signify,  that  jMr.  \Vheel\vrii.dit  hath,  for  these  many  years,  approved  himself  a 
.'^uund  orthodox,  and  prolitable  nuni.->ter  of  the  go>pel,  among  the  churches  of 
Christ."'      [Muiinalin,  II.  4-13.] 

Dr.  Mathei'.s  own  opinion  of  Mr.  Wheelwright  wa.s  expressed  in  a  letter  to  G. 
Vauudian,  E.>q.,  in  17US.  "  Mr.  Wheeiwnglit  was  alwavs  a  gentleman  of  tlie 
most  unspotted  morals  imaginable  ;  a  man  of  a  most  unblemished  reputation." 
'•  His  worst  enemies  never  looked  on  him  a.s  chargeable  with  llie  least  ill 
practices."      [Ihlhnnp's  Iliog.^  III.  338.] 

The  sermon  of  Mr.  Wheelwright  which  gave  offence  in  ir)3fl,  is  still  pre- 
served in  manuscript.  The  Hon.  Jeremiah  Smith,  late  of  Eveter,  N.  H.,  who 
h  id  read  it,  and  wiio  was  fully  competent  to  judge  of  its  legal  bearings,  said 
that  he  tounil  in  it  no  ground  for  a  charge  of  sedition.  The  charge  was  '■  wholly 
groundless,  there  was  not  the  ieajt  color  tor  it."     [Jttdire  Smith's  MS.\ 

Mr.  Wheelwii^ht  was  settled  over  the  lirst  church  in  Salisbury,  Ms.,  Dec.  9, 
16(52.  [Rev.  J.  B.  Fell.]  In  1(>71,  at  the  ordination  of  Rev.  Joshua  Moody,  at 
Portsmouth,  Mr.  Whcelwriuhl  gave  the  Kight  Hand  of  Fellowship.  One  of 
Mr.  WheeUvriL'ht's  descendants,  of  the  ninth  generation,  Rev.  Ilufus  Wheel- 
wright Clark,  is  now  pa>tor  of  that  church  in  Portsmouth.  Mr.  Wheelwright's 
last  will  "names  his  son  Samuel,  son-in-law  Kdward  Kishworth,  his  I'rand- 
chililren  Edward  Lyile,  Mary  White,  .Mary  Maverick,  and  William.  Thomas, 
and  Jacob  Ikadbuiy.""  [Fanner's  (iciind.  A'cg.J  Thomas  \Viieehvriylit  of 
Wells,  was  also  a  son  of  Kev.  John  AVheelwright.  For  an  interesting  aciount, 
containing  other  \Avi<,  respecting  Mr.  Wheelwright,  see  "  Collectanea"  by 
Hon.  J.  Kelly,  in  Eveter  Nmvs  Letter,  May  21,  1«IJ. 

Two  of  the  descendants  of  the  Hev.  ]\Ir.  Wheelwright,  of  the  seventh  genera- 
tion, are  now  living  in  Newburyporf.  Abraham  Wheelwright,  Es(].,  and  Ebene- 
zer  Wheelwright,  Es(i.,  both  merchants.  The  lirst  is  the  oldest  man  in  the 
place  who  is  still  able  to  walk  abroad,  having  attained  to  the  age  of  DO  years. 
He  was  u  soldier  in  the  Revolutionary  war,  and  was  distinguished  for  patriotism 
and  bravery.  He  was  in  the  lield  with  Washington  in  most  of  his  actions,  and 
was  several  times  taken  prisoaer  by  the  British,  I'ul  always  ellected  his  escape. 

"The  lirst  church  formed  in  Eveter  became  extinct  a  few  years  aflei  its  for- 
mation." [Dow's  Hist.  Address  :  Fanner  tS-  Moo)c.\  ''An  attempt  was  made 
by  the  remaining  iidiabitants  of  E.veter  to  form  themselves  into  a  church,  and 
settle  Mr.  Balchelder,  who  hud  been  minister  at  Hampton."  'i'his  the  geneial 
court  prohibited,  on  account  of  their  divisions;  and  directed  them  to  "  defer 
gathering  a  church,  or  any  other  such  proceeding,  till  they,  or  the  court  of 
Ipswich,  upon  further  satisfaction  of  their  reconciliation  and  fitness,  should 
give  allowance  therefor.'"      [Bclknaji's  Biog.,  I.  58.] 

'I'he  Ilcv.  Samuel  Dudley  was  the  second  minister  in  E.veter.  It  does  not 
appear  that  there  was  any  formal  church  organization  there,  durini:  his  minis- 
try. In  some  circumstances,  a  minister  labored  with  a  people  several  years, 
before  a  church  was  formally  oriranized.  Rev.  Joshua  I\looiiy  was  ten  or 
twelve  years  in  the  ministry  at  Portsmouth,  before  a  church  was  gathered  in 
that  place. 

Mr.  Dudley  wa."?  son  of  Gov.  Thomas  Dudley,  who  came  to  New  England  in 
IfioO,  and  of  whom  Farmer  speaks,  as  "a  man  of  approved  wisdom  and  godli- 
ness." Gov.  Dudley  was,  however,  among  the  most  zealous  of  lliose  who 
ellected  the  banishment  of  ^Vheelwright.  Cotton  Mather  says,  *  His  orthodo.v 
])iety  had  no  little  inlluence  unto  the  tleliverance  of  the  conntrv,  from  the  con- 
tagion of  thefamalistical  errors,  which  had  like  to  have  overturned  all."  Ll/d"--, 
1.^22.]  ^' 

A  sliort  passage  from  Farmer  should  be  introduced  here,  not  merely  as  relat- 


:;'-,^      ..■•V-'.  \V''.'. 


;  i:.;:i<;-j.  •:. 


,dt: 


...  .-  .J 


',  :.   Ml.         !■ 


,.kh;.,'-    .v.:r,  r.,:...,,.^u..ii;i.- 


1^17.]  Jli/iislcrs  ill  Iluckiug-ham  Count ij.  153 

ir.^j  to  tlio  persecution,  whicli  Ic-d  to  the  sottlemont  of  KvKor,  by  Wl.eehvri.'lit 

1'  ( .    Ml.  d  to  b,.  li.M.vsy  \s.ll.  an  l.ori.^.t  zeal,  wluch,  in  the.e  ilavs  of  universal 

ol  rat,,  n,  .s  sometmK-s  n..,.rr.M  to.  as  a  blot  upon  ins  fame.     But    he   •  .n   id 

au     u,l,c,ous,who  are  aequaintecl  \vith  the  history  of  the  J>uritan      an      ,  le 

c mnstances  under  which   'theycan.e  into  a  eorner  of  the  n..u  u\     ]\    d 

thereto  be  uml.sturbc-d  in  the  exeieise  of  their  uorship,' will  never  be  lund 
censurm^^  and  ra. !,n^^  at  their  errors.  Thev  will  rathe  wonder  at  the  wid.n 
il    5i:Sd  b.  n  "'""^'"^1  "r^'^""^^  ofprinciph,  and  self-sa:cn!!an^  li^" 

j5ei;*^:l;fr-TS'  i;--\-r-  -  ;■  E::r  °^s'  -trsx 

10.0   a.ui  d.ed   there  .n  IGS;^  a...d  77.      lu  I.;:,ii  ,h,.  nd>abitau,>  of  I'  n  mu   u 
voted  "to  give  an  invitation  to   Mr.   Samuel   Dudlev.son  of  Thomas    hlk'v 
he  Deputy  (  overnor  of  Massachusetts,  to  be  th.u  minister,  an      to  '  v     li  a': 
s  lary  of  ei^rhty  pounds  a  year."'     lie  accepfn!  the  proposition,  aucri'ne  •     to 
visit  them  the  next  .spnn-;  but  it  does  not  appear  that  he  ever  cuiie  "     \l,n„ 
Annah  oj  Porls.n.utL]      M,-,  Dudiey-s  tir.t'life  was  ^hi  ;,    i^u "  uer  of      "  V 

Si    .fin  V  n     H  t'''"'^'i'"";  "^  ""  "^"'^'  "''  ^"'"--^y--  '''^'■•'^  ^^-'  munerous 

Cdlev  0  \\e  .r  '^"''^  "l'-''',^  elsewhere,  ,vho  trace  their  descent  from  Mr. 
midley  ol  Kxeter  Amon-  his  descendants  were  the  wife  of  Gen  Ilcnrv  Drar- 
bom;  the  wife  of  Rev.  Julm  Moody  ;  the  wife  of  John  Burgin  :  the  '  vifJlt  Co v 
Jamcs  bulhvan;  the  grandmother  of  Tobias  Lear,  \Vashm'ton-s  sec  e  arv     and 

tA^^T'vl  ^r  Sf "='r'-  ^^^  ^  ''^"^  ''^^  «^  de.ce;id;;;:Vf  ,s-  srl 

ud  Uu,M,7,  SCO  l-.\,..l(T  Ncu-s  Leller,  Auj.  31,  1S^C 
llie  An-.  Johd  Claik  was  llie  I/i.n;  miirisler  iji  Kvetcr 
A  churd,,  Mjucli  corilinuos  iin.lcr  Ihe  su-lo  of  lli„  Fir<i  Cl.iirch  in   Kv.-ip, 

Sj^ibne,,  M„.  Kli.;..,,,  CU,t?  M^:  ElSjial^af  \v^7c  ir'  S,  ';:■ 
Ms.   riiipiM-  Mr.5.   n,-borali  ColMi,,  Cuujwif,.  n.'an    Mrs    .M  ,,v  i:  In,.,,     m'  ' 

»aiiT;l;o;:^i"^r w„ ^,' ;t•^L^;^^■  ,„ itzsi it::: ;;:; 
i^:.o'l°'i;;,l'rsla,e'l,;'fee;:!r''  "'"""""■'  "^■"">'  ''"'f "'« '■""■"".  -'■"  ™' --"i 

Tl|0  moal  ancionl  yol.mie  ,-.(lanl  ,if  tl„.  „.,■„,■,!,  of  ,l,e  ,„,.s,.„l  "  F,r,.i  Cl.uivl, 

fpS;iri';'cVuS:i;.'K;r^" "'"--  -  '"'^ """ "'  "--^"'^-  -  ^""•"■■-^ 

'-After  coufernn-   to-ether,  and   bein-  mwtuallv  satisfied   in  eacli  other   we 

tlZr^l'Tl'nn  i  '^'''V'^-  "'^  '^""'^  ^''■■"-  covenant."  I'chw:  ^  1 
Tif      ;  ''  M'"'"'   ':'-^'"'^'"""-     And    havimr  .sent  for  the    Uev     M,-  J 

W:^m'VV:'^'*"''''^^'^V''1\''"^'^'''''"'''''^  ^''■-  Woodbrid.e.  Mr.    I' k.'.    Mr 

kolfe    Mr.  Cotton    .nd   Mr.  Toppan,  who   accordne^dy  came  ;  and  .,n  I    ,    Uv  ... 

Ku     Mr    ffie'n'^'  '""^   )''■  "^|'^' .^^ '-"'-I^a'  I>ike,  and  Cotton    hud   1 

:    r;,  -^^;    ^'"^^    PniyiMi;  before    the  imposition    of  hands  :   Mr.   Woodbiid-e 

yase  tiie  charge  ;  Mr.  Cotton  j,Mve  the  ri.dit  hand  of  fellowship  ;  and  ' 

b>    he  elders   and  messengers,  of  the   several  churches,  au-Jd  „.  n 


we  were. 


r,      ,  — ;•;:  <'"^'  '"<-->cM-ers,  oi  ine   several  clmrches,  oicncd  a,  ,,  (•l,<'nh  „i 
(/!''"i"";l^;^'^"  ?^^  ^'V^'^'^'^^l   '^  ^^  -  '"i'-ter  of  ChH.t   Jesus  ^     xl/^.b^ 

He  hail   recent] V  marri.'d    lli 


A       T  'i        I  ,         -  ;  "^  ueciarea   to  Ue  a  minister  of  Ciiri>t  Jesi,. 

Mr  John  Hal..,  ot    Beverly,  was  the  preacher.      He' had   recent  v  muiied    ih. 

widowed    mother  ol    Mr.    Clark.     Tie    oiher    ,„;„;.,..,.    ,..  ..■."■'"   ^'    "" 


■■i  \.  i-' 


\i-'{ 


1-54 


Cuiii^rcisatlunal   Churchts  and 


;  April, 


wlio  preached   at   Kiltery   in   HiN"*,   and,   as   early  as  li3ii"J,  in  Mcdfurd  ;  John 
Pike  ui  Dover;   JJeiiJamia  liulle  ot    llavmhill,  Ms.,  who  was  killed  by  the  In« 
diaiis;  John  Cultuii  ul'   ilaiiipton  ;  and  Chn.>topiier  Topiian  of  Newbury.    'Hn 
iallier  ol   Kev.  John  Claik  ol   Kxeler  was  iNalhaaiel  Clark,  a  merchant  of  Now*    ^ 
bury,  and  one  of  the  early  selilers  of  that   town,  who   married,  Nov.  25,  1663,    -; 
Klisabclh   Soineiby,  dauLjhler  of   Henry  Someiby,  one  of  the  grantees  of  New*     . 
bury.    Nathaniel  Clark  was  in  the  expedition  to  Canada  in  KJ'JH,  and  died  thore,    ;. 
Aui,'.  25,  aiied  -liJ,  having'  been  woundeil  on  board  llie  ship  '•  Si.v  Friends."'    Hit     • 
widow,  KliVabelh  Clark^  marrieil  Kev.  John  Hale  of  Beverly,  Aug.  8,  1098.  Mr. 
Hale  was  chaplain  in  the  expedition  in  which   .\alhaniel   Clark  was  morluUy 
wounded.   A  piuticulur  account  of  .Mr.  Hale  does  not  belong  to  this  article.     Of 
liis  view.',  and  inlluence  in  the  allairs  of  the  •'  Salem  Witchcraft"  see  Amer.  Quar. 
]leg.  Vol.  X.  pp.  -rlT,  2  18.      In  that  account  there  is,  however,  doubtless  a  mistake    ,; 
as  to  the  original  name  of  the  widow  of  Nathaniel  Clark.     See  also  Magnalia,  II. 
4()S,  and  Collin's  Newbiuy,  p.  2ys.     Kev.  Mr.  Clark  of  Kxeterwas  born  at  New. 
burv,  June  -24,  IGTO.  gr.    11.  C.   Ul'Jtt,  and  oidained  at   Kxeler,    Sept.  21,  HM; 
'•  married  Elisabeth  Woodbriduc,  a  daughter  of  the  Kev.  Benjamin  Woodbridgo. 
already  mentioned,  and  granddaughter  nf  Kev.  John  Woodbridge,  lirsl  nunialerol 
Andover,  and  also  of  Kev.  John    Wartl,  lirst  minister  ot    Haverhill,  June  19, 
lil'Jl, —  Kev.  John    Clark  died  July   2o,    ITUj,"'   aged   35.     His   cliildren  were 
Benjamin,    Naihaniel,    Deborah,    and    Ward,    who    was    the    lir^t    minister  of 
Kmuston.     The  mother  of  Klisabeth  Woodbrulge  was   ^hiry.  dauL'hler  of  John 
Ward.  '  "  "^        . 

The  WoodbridL'e  familv  has  furnished  a  number  of  ministers  distinguished  for 
talents,  learniuLr.  pietv,  and  an  excellent  >i>irit.  Were  the  notices  of  them  cob 
lecled,  which  are  .-cattered  in  variuu--  publications,  they  would  form  an  interest- 
imr  memoir. 

ii!c.  John  OilHii.  the  fourth  mini-ter  of  flxcter,  and  the  second  minister  of  the 
pre<eiit  Fiist  ClniiLh.  wa>  <on  of  Eli-ha,  and  grandson  of  John  Udlin,  one  of  ihe 
liist  settlers  of  Boston.  Kev.  John  Udlin  was  born  in  P.oston,  Nov.  IS,  1081, 
gr.  H.  C.  1702,  ordained  at  Exeter,  Nov.  11.  ITutl.  He  married,  Oct.  21,  17u9,  Mrs. 
Elisabeth  Wooitbiidire  Clark,  widow  of  his  piedeccssor.  Mr.  Odlin  was 
oni;  of  the  proprietors  of  Gilinanlon.  His  son,  Capt.  John  Odlin,  was  one  of 
the  settlers  of  that  town.  Another  of  his  sons,  Dudley,  was  a  physician. 
Elisha  gr.  H.  C.  1731,  and  settled  in  the  ministry  in  Amesbury  ;  Woodbridge 
was  his  father's  colleaL:ue  and  successor  in  Exeter.  .Mrs.  Odlin,  wile  of  Rev. 
John  (Jdlin,  d.  Dec.  ii~  1129.  His  second  marriage  was  Oct.  '22,  1730,  with 
Eli.^.ibeth  Briscoe,  widow  of  Robert  Briscoe,  and  formerly  wife  of  f.ieut.  James 
Dudley,  and  daughter  of  Samuel  Leavitt.  Mr.  Odlin  d.  Nov.  20,  1754,  aged 
about  73,  nearly  eleven  years  after  his  son  became  his  colleague.  [Farmer^s 
lilt:.:  Lancablii'i,  lulnuuuun ;  Eater  Chunk  Cut-.]  In  1743,  May  IM.  the  church 
'■voted  to  concur  with  the  vote  of  tin-  touii  in  choosing  Mr.  Woodbridge  Odlin 
to  settle  as  a  cullea:.;ue  with  his  hnu'd  lather  the  Kev.  John  Odlin."'  During 
the  same  month  '•  there  were  a  number  of  the  church  separated  trom  their  com- 
munion." The  circumstances  will  be  noticed  in  the  account  of  the  lormation 
of  another  church. 

ii't'i'.  U'uodl/i-uhj:c  Oillia  was  ordiiined  colleague  pastor  Sept.  2S,  1743.  The 
'exercises  were,  Biayer  by  Kev.  Wm.  Allen  of  Greenland  ;  Sermon  by  Kev.  Mr. 
Odlin  from  Col.  i  :  2S  ;  Charge  by  Kev.  Caleb  dishing  of  Salisbury  ;  Kiulit  Hand 
by  Kev.  Mr.  Rust  of  Strathairi  ;  ami  Prayer  by  Kev.  Joseph  Adams  ot  Newiiig- 
ton.  liev.  W.  Odlin  was  born  at  lOxeter,  Apiil  28,  171S:  gr.  H.  C.  173S,  m. 
Oct.  23,  1755,  Mrs.  Abigail  Strong,  widow  of  Kev.  Job  Strung  of  Portsmouth, 
and  daughter  of  Col.  Peter  (iilman.  .Mr.  W.  Odlin  d.  March  l(t,  177(i,  aged 
57.  His  children  were  Dudley,  Woodbridi.'e,  I'l'ler,  Eli-abetli,  Abigail,  who 
was  the  lirsl  wife  of  Hon.  Nathaniid  Oilman  of  Exeter,  John,  Mary  Ann,  who 
was  wife  of  Thomas  Siiekney  of  Concord,  and  Charlotte,  wife  of  Jeremiah 
Stickney  of  Dover."  [Lnuiuutcr's  Gdmnntun;  K.ntcr  Church  Jit '-urd-.]  Rev. 
^V.  Odlin,  during  his  ministry  of  mure  than  thirty-two  years,  bapii/ed  1,276,  and 
admitted  3t)  persons  to  the  church.  \Chh.  liccorih.]  Tiie  "  Half-way  covenant," 
as  it  uas  often  called,  was  then  in  use,  and  this  accounts  for  the  great  dispro- 
pmlioii  between   the   admissions   to  full   communion   and   the   baptisms.     ''  It 


-5l 


I."!-.', .'■,   XMr-"'  \ A. 


'■ .  ,J 


.!(:•■  I. 


!.!!■■! 


1^17.] 


Minislers  in  Jioclcini^^ham  Gnnity. 


\o5 


'-'I'-s  table."  [/M  //..;?t';;.?■,^^  ";  1  '""^'''  ""■^'  ^^"^  "^^  ^-"'-'  ^«  '^'« 


lo  on   both  pans  -  but   tl.ot^  u   .1        ''  •■  Uvle^l"  ""'r  ^^"l--'-"  '^''- 
ilutv  and   ove  to  tc<lif\-  th.>  sp„  Z.  ,1    \^^'     r  \  '"irselves  constrained   by 

q'.a!iiications  wi  ^       idM^    h^tumi  T    /''^/■'^;'^^'^^'"'"'^'^'■'^•  ^'^'^  -^^ 
been  well  approved   not  on  v  anio    .      i    ^  ^ '''  ,^^-''"-^"^''''.  -'^n'!  ^vhich  have 


ministerJl-lS^counoiTwir^'^T'""         1'  'ook"  place  DecSrj.o^    'Th^ 

H-o..K.te.,a;;[^:i:;;'^:;^^-^^^^^^^ 


Wi.Klsor/ct.;  where  li     'on        .;!  i"!;!     ^ 'i""""''''   Ct,  and   afterwards  at 
ITJi).     Dnrin-  ^Ir   I'm  I       l'.  -^        Rowland,  was  or.huned  his  successor   in 

•1-  churcl^ancl      ii^b  X-"'n^  >^o'V""?"'  'l""/^"^^  ^-^  -'"---   " 
able  as  a  n'reachcr,  and'Sf.ed  h.  p'a,^;."^"^"'^^  ^""'  '^'^^"•^'  "•-  -^^-  -^^P-'t" 


!'  .     «.,  •;■    t 


.!■'     ,..  '■.<•  -M- 


I        '1 


/  ■:,■    ■■ 

'1      ,:..■ 


>  ,;.••;, 


156 


Coni^rcii(i(iou(i!  C/iurrlics  ami  Minislcr. 


April,  M 


Rev.  Mr.  Win.slo.v,  ihcnof  Dover,  now  nf  Bo-tun.  Mr.  Sinitli's  '-relation  to  the  j> 
people  of  Ills  chari^'o  in  E.veter,  contiinu'd  nearly  nine  year.^  with  nuitual 
hurniony  and  alleetion  and  with  mueh  advanla^'e  to  the  cause  of  relii,'ion." 
[Rc:,ultof  Council.]  At  his  own  recpiest,  lie  was  di.-iinissed  Feb.  11,  18!iH,  and 
accepted  an  ap])ointinent  Iroin  the  Aincr.  Tract  Society,  to  .superintend  their 
operations  in  iS'ew  Jersey,  and  in  Southern  i\ew  York  and  vicinity,  lie  wai 
afterwards  installed  in  Wdtuii,  Ct.  Daring  xMr.  Smith's  initiistry  in  Exeter, 
the  number  of  ailniissions  to  the  church  was  170.  and  the  number  of  baptism* 
1.3'J.  The  number  of  church  members  reportcit  to  the  (Jeneral  Association  ia 
1K3G,  was  '22().  Of  the  children  of  the  Uev.  John  and  Mrs.  Esther  Smith,  there 
were  baptized  at  Exeter,  James  Dickinson,  Jan.  7,  l^■i((  :  Esther  Mary,  June  9,- 
1S33  ;  a  second  E-^ther  iMary,  Ort.  f),  ISUO  ;  and  Walter  Mitchell,  June  4,  1837. 

licr.  WiUkiui    ]t'illi(nns  was    born  in   Wetherslit-ld,  Ct.,    Oct.  '2,   1797,  grad. 
Y.  C,  1811)  ;  studied  theoloL'-y  at  Andov.  Sem.,  and  with  Pres.  Timothy  Dwifjlit.    ^j 
Settled  in  Salejn  over  the  Branch,  .-lincc  llie  Howard  St.  Church,  July  5,  1H'21  j     f? 
dismissed  Feb.  17.  1832;  settled  over  tlie  Crdinbie  St.  Church,  which  had  sep* 
araled  from  the  Howard  St.  Nov.  22,  1832.     [Jnicr.  (^imr.  Ilcp.,  \o\.  VII.,  p.  2(11).) 
He  was  installed  at  E.xeter,  May  31,  ls38.     Exerci-es  on  the  occasion  :  I'rayer 
by  Rev.  S.  T.  Abbott  of  Seabrook  ;   Sermon  by  Rev.  Milton  P.  Braminof  Dan»   '. 
vers  ;   Prayer  by  Rev.    S.  \V.  Clark  of  Greenland  ;  Charge   by  Ib'V.  J.  French    : 
of  North    Hampton;   liiudit    Hand,  Rev.  J.  Hnrd   of  Exeter:   Address  by   Kev.    ; 
Edwin  Holt  of  P(iit>inouth  ;   l*iayer  by  Rev.  Mr.  Gunnison  of  Brentwood.    Mr. 
Williams  resiinied   his   ministry,  Oct.  1,  1842,  on   account  of  the   stale  of  his 
lieallh.  taken  in   connection  with  existiui,'  diliiculties.     Mr.  Wdliams  leturned 
to  Salem,  iNIs.,  where  he  engaired  in  the  study,  and  has  been  since  in  the  prac- 
tice of  medicine.     The  number  of  members  of  ^Ir.  Williams's  church,  as  re* 
ported  in  1841,  wa.s  217. 

licv.  Joy  lliimlct  Fuiri-liihl  was  born  in  Guilford.  Ct..  Ajiril  24,  1780,  and  was 
the  youngest  of  sixteen  children.  His  father  was  Lewis  Faiichild.  His 
mother  before  marriaize  was  Mehetabel  Waterhouse  of  Sa\  brook,  Ct.  Rev.  Mr, 
Faircluld  grad.  Y.  C.  181 3,  studied  theolo^-y  with  Dr.  Ely  of  "Monson.  Ms.,  and  set- 
tled in  the  ministry  in  East  Hartford,  Ct.,  June,  18Ui  ;  in  South  Boston,  Phil- 
lips Church,  Nov.,  1827.  He  was  installed  in  J''.\eter,  Sept.  2U,  1843.  Exercises 
on  the  occasion  were:  lleading  of  the  Scriptures,  Rev.  S.  \V.  Clark  of  Grecidaiid; 
Prayer,  Rev.  R.  W.  Clark,  Portsmouth:  Si-rmon,  ]{ev.  N.  Adams,  lioston ) 
Prayer,  Rev.  J.  French  ;  Charge,  Rev.  Dr.  Codman  ;  Right  Ihind,  liev.  Mr.  Hurd ; 
Address,  Rev.  H.  Winslow  of  15oslon  ;  Prayer,  liev.  E.  D.  EldrcdLre  of  Hump, 
ton.  ]\Ir.  Fairchild  resigned  his  oliice  June  18,  1844.  His  reasons  are  thus 
assigned  in  his  h'tler  Ui  the  church.  '•  I  am  accused  of  a  crime  xvhich  I  never 
committed,  l)ut  xvhich  it  is  not  in  my  power  to  disprove.  I  do  not  wish  to 
j)reacli  the  gosptd  any  longer  than  I  can  be  U'^eful.  And  as  my  u.-efuhicss 
must  now  be  ended,  I  hereby  resii:n  mv  oliice  as  Pastor  of  this  church."'  His 
pastoral  relation  was  formally  dissolved  bv  a  Council,  called  at  his  own  request, 
July  30,  1844.  Tlie  doinirs  of  the  ecclesiastical  and  civil  tribunals  in  his  case 
are  in  the  hantls  of  the  public.  At'ter  removing  from  Exeter  he  xvas  installed 
over  the  Payson  Ciiurcli.  South  Boston,  Nov.  1!».  1845. 

Mr.  Fairchild  m.  1st,  Cynthia  \Vaterhouse  of  Saybrook,  Ct.,  Oct.,  1814.  Their 
children  are  Harriet  Klisabeth.  b.  Sept.  2,  1815,  m.  Anthony  Ten  Eyck,  Esq., 
of  Detroit,  Mich.,  U.  S.  Commissioner  at  the  Sandwich  ]>lands,  where  she  d. 
Nov.  5,  184(i;  Lucius  Hamlet,  b.  Jan.  2(i,  181'."t.  Mr.  Fairchild  m.  2nd,  Mary 
Ikatlford,  daughter  of  William  Bradford,  I'.-q.,  of  Philadel)ihia.  July  18.  1825. 
Their  children  are  William  15radford.  b.  Nov.  2,  1828  ;  Thomas  Robbins,  b. 
April  !),  1834,  d.  May  2,  1835;  Fiorina  Tomlin,  b.  March  13,  1838;  Mary  Joy, 
b.  May  25,  1843,  d.  July  10,  1843  ;    Harriet  Ten  Eyck,  b.  Dec.  2<J,  l.s4ii. 

Rev.  liosivcU  DicKj^ht  Ilitchcuck,  the  jire^ent  pa-tor,  xvas  born  in  East  ^hichias, 
Me.,  AuL^  15,  1817,  gr.  A  .C.  183(1,  Tutor  from  1S39  to  1842,  tlieological  educa- 
tioi\  at  Andov.  Sem.,  before  and  after  Ids  tutorship  ;  stated  supply  at  Waterville, 
JNle.,  one  year  ;  ord.  at  Exeter  Nov.  1!>,  18  15.  Evi'rcises  on  the  occasion  were, 
Reading  the  Scriptures,  ]{ev.  J.  AV.  Newman  of  Slr:itham  ;  Prayer,  ]{ev.  Homer 
Barrcwsot  Dover  ;  Sermon,  Picv.  Oiin  Fowler  of  Fall  River  ;  Ordaining  Prayer, 
]iev.  J.   Hurd;    Charge,   liev.   0.   Fowler;    Jviirht   Hand,   Rev.   15.   R.   Allen  of 


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I 


1817.1 


Proprietors  of  Ncio  Jlavcn^  Cl. 


157 


South  Berwick,  ]\Ie.  ;  AiUlross,  Rev.  S.  S.  N.  Gieely  of  Xcwmarket ;  Prayer, 
Kfv.  Jaint?s  T.  .McCollorn,  SumL'rsworlh.  The  fiither  of  Mr.  llilchcock,  whose 
naino  was  also  Roswi-ll,  was  lioni  in  Hawloy,  Ms.  ;  hia  father  reiiioveJ  t'rorn 
Sj)rin^lield,  I\Is.  His  mothers  .surname  was,  before  inarriaLre,  LoiiLrfellow. 
Slu!  w;i.s  of  Maehias.  Mr.  Hilciicock  m.  Elisabeth  Anthony  Braytoii,  her 
muther  being  of  the  Anthony  family,  which  was  ancient  in  Bri.stol  Co.,  Ms. 

(Tu  Lie  cujiiiiiucJ.) 


THE  NAMES  OF  THE  I'lM  )I'UlETnRS  OF  NEW  HAVEN,  CT.,  IN  THE 

VE.Mv   IDS). 

|Tliis  artii-1.:  I\iis  ln-cii  kin.lK-  rnnii-hci!    u-   \>\  Charles  William  Bradley,  l-^sii-,  llic   present 
Secretary  ol'  the  Stale  o{  Couueeiieut  J 


James  Bisliop,  Estir. 
William  Jones,  Ksijr. 
Major  John  N.vsh, 
]\lr.  James  Pierpont, 
Serjt.  John  Ailing, 
Mr.  .Tames  Ailing, 
Phillip  Alcock, 
Jolin  Alliiii,'  .^onr. 
Samuoll  Alliii:,', 
Joseph  Alsiip,  Senr. 
Joseph  Alsup,*  Jiitiior, 
Serjt  Nathan  Aiiilrews, 
David  Atwater,  Sear. 
David  AluMler,  Juiir. 
•John  Atwater, 
JoiuUlian  Atwater, 
Rohert  Auicar, 
Nathan  Andrews,  Jinir. 
John  Austin, 
John  Ball, 
Hannah  liail, 
John  Barnes, 
Thomas  liarnes, 
Daniell  Barnes, 
John  Bassett, 
Samiu'U  Bassett, 
Isaac  Beechcr,  Senr. 
Isaac  iieeeher,  Junr. 
John  Beecher, 
Eleazar  Beecher, 
John  Benhani,  Senr. 
John  B(Miham,  Junr. 
John  Bishop, 
John  Blackly, 
Samuel!  JUackly, 
Ehenezer  Blackly, 
Benjamin  IJouden, 
Nathanael  Boykin, 
AVilliatn  Bradly, 
Joseph  Bradly, 
Abraham  Bradly, 
Isaac  Bradly, 
Benjamin  Ikadly, 


Ilenrv  Bri-toll, 
John'Brockett, 
.Tolm  Brockett,  Junr. 
John  Brooks, 
Henry  Brooks, 
Elea/.er  Brown, 
.Samuell  Broun, 
Ebenezer  Brown, 
Benjamin  Bunnill, 
.Samuell  Burwell, 
Zacheus  C.mde, 
"William  Chatterton, 
John  Chid-;ey, 
James  Clark, 
John  Clark, 
Samuell  Clark, 
^Villiatn  Collins, 
John  Cooper,  Senr. 
.lohn  Cooper,  Junr. 

.Mrs. Coster, 

Mr.  Jolin  I)aven[)orts,  heirs, 

.Mr.  James  Dixwell, 

.hilin  Davids,  or  Dixwell, 

Robeil  Dauson, 

James  Denison, 

Ll.  Abr.ibam  Dickerman, 

Edmund  Dorman, 

.John  J)owns, 

Nicliolas  I'lsey, 

Synion  Enears, 

Samuell  Ferns, 

Benjamin  Eenns,  heirs, 

Samuell  Foni, 

iMathew  Eord, 

Mark  Fowler, 

John  Fiost, 

I\Ir. (libherts,  heirs, 

Timothy  (I'lbberts,  lu-irs, 
John  (iibl.s, 
llcMiry  (ubhons, 
\\'i!liam  (ribbons, 
Matliew  (.'ilbert's,  heirs, 
.Mathew   (iilbert, 


Henry  Glover. 
Mr.  John  Goodyear, 
John  Hancock, 
Mr.  John  Harriman, 
James  Heaton, 
Nathanael  Heaton, 
Samuel  llemimjway, 
.Mrs.  Hope  Herbert, 
Eliakim  Hitchcock. 
Nathanael  Hitchcock, 
Richard  Hingambottom, 
John  Hill, 
Ehene/er  Hill, 
Mr.  Jt)hn  Hodson, 
John  Holt, 
Eleazar  Holt, 
Samuel!  Hotchkis, 
Jolm  Hotchkis, 
Joshua  Hotchkis,   . 
Thomas  Hotclikis, 
Daniell  Ihilchkis, 
Jerremiah  How, 
I   I'.pliraim.  How's,  heirs, 
J.-rremiah  Hull, 
Samuell  Humerston, 
Jolm  Humerston, 
Thomas  Hunn.'rston, 
Bart hol(u new  Jacobs, 
Thomas  Jolinson, 
John  Jolmson,  Si-nr. 
John  Johnson,  Junr. 
William  Johnson, 
Samuell  Johnson, 
Nathanael  Jones. 
Joseph  Ives, 
Edward  Kecly, 
Nathanael  Kmil>crly, 
Thomas  Kinib  'rly, 
Jonatlian  Lamson, 
'I'homas  T.eck, 
Richard  Little, 
Ralph  I.oine^,  Senr. 
Samuell  Loines, 


*  The  )>rescnl  ortlioi,'r.ipliv  of  such  luinie^  as  have  iiialiTiallv  chaiiL-eil  llieir  lornis  is  here 
piven:  Al-up  for  Alsup;  Blake.Mee  or  Blakelev,  I'-laekly;  ]5r.ulley,  Bradly;  ]5ri>lol, 
Bri.stoll ;  Braekett,  Biuekcll ;  Buiinel,  liuiimll;  Ciiiidee.  Cande;  Daw>oii.  lian-ou:  (iil- 
bert, C.il)berls  ;  l^almi,  Heaton;  J  ii-'-ins ',  coiitraeiDii  ol"  Hi--'inl».tloni,  Ilin-niiiliolloin  ; 
HutelikiN.s  Holehki- ;  Huni.i^n.ii,  Hmii.r-n'ii  ;  Lines  and  Lvnde,  L.nnes;  Mallnry.  M  il- 
li'rv  ;  iMer.iniiu,  .Marnni.ui  ;  .Morse,  .M,.s>  ;  iM,.hlii-.ip,  .Muliiup  ;  Moii-.m,  Mim.-on  :  (K|,.mii, 
(>-'liuuni  ;  Payne,  I'.iin-;  Piinder.-on,  l\.iider-on  ■.  I'rindle,  I'lin-le  ;  ThoinpMMi  'riunnson  ; 
'I'unier,  l.irnor  ;    L!iiiberlield ',  I'niphers  ile  ;    Woodin,  W.uiJeii 


VCi 


/!)  ,«y/viV\   'ir>'''.. 


\  {(ji'-if. 


•fi 


n   ^ 


loS 


Projirlctors  of  New  Haven,  Cl. 


April, . 


Ralph  Loines,  Junr. 

Jos(?pli  Loines, 

Bunjaiuiu  Louies, 

Thomas  Liuldini^ton, 

John  Liulilin-.'lon, 

William  Liuldiii;,'Ion, 

reter  -MallLTy,  Senr. 

Peter  .MalU-ry,  Junr. 

Thomas  Mallery, 

Daniell  Mallery, 

John  Mallery, 

Joseph  MansfieKl, 

Capt.  Moses  MansficU, 

Lt.  Nathaniel  Marriiuan, 

Ellis  Mew's,  heirs, 

Ens  :  John  Miles, 

Thomas  Mix, 

John  >'.ix, 

Nathanael  Mix, 

Daniell  Mix, 

Caleb  Mix, 

John  Morris, 

Eleazcr  Morris, 

Joseph  Morris, 

I^Ir.  John  Moss, 

Joseph  Moss, 

IMercy  IMoss. 's  heirs, 

IMathew  ?.Iultrop, 

Ens:  Sairniell  Munson, 

Richard  Newman, 

John  Newman, 

Mr.  Jerr :   Oshourn"s,  heirs, 

Mrs.  Mary  O^bourn, 

Mr.  Jerr:  (Jsborn,.  Junr. 

JMr.  John  Prout, 

William  Pain's,  heirs, 

John  Pain, 

George  Pardee,  Senr. 

Geor^'e  l\u(lee,  Junr. 

]\Ir.  William  Peck, 

Joseph  Peck, 


Benjamin  Peck, 
F-dward  Perkins, 
J.ihn  Perkins, 
Jonathan  Perkins, 
David  I'erkins, 
John  Perrv, 
Thomas  Pimore, 
John  Pondeison, 
John  Potter. 
Nathanael  Potter, 
l^ilward  Preston, 
Joseph  Preston, 
AViMiam  Prini,'le, 
Jo-ii'jih  Pringle, 
Ely  Uobberls, 
\Villiam  Rohherts, 
Mr.  Rich''  Rosewell, 
Jolm  Roe, 
John  Sacket's  heirs, 
John  Sacket,  Junr. 
Thomas  Sandford, 
Ens  :  J)an'  Shernion, 
'Pliomas  Smith, 
John  .Siriith, 
Samuell  Smith, 
Joseph  Smith, 
Ebenezer  Smith, 
Nathan  Smith, 
Richard  Sperry,  Senr. 
John  Spi  iry, 
Richard  S|ierry,  Junr. 
Nathanael  S[)erry, 
Thomas  Sperry, 
John  Steevens, 
Henry  .Steevens, 
Robert  Talmaj^e's  heirs, 
Serj'  Thos.  Talma;^e, 
Enos  Talmaii:e, 
John  Talmaire, 
James  Taylor, 
William  Thorps,  heirs, 


Nathanael  Thorp, 
John  Thomson's  heirs, 
John  Thomson,  marriner, 
Jolm  'l"h<jmson,  farmer, 
John  'J'homson,  Junr. 
Mr.  William  Thomaon, 
John  Thomas, 
Daniell  'I'homas, 
^-amuell  Thomas, 
Joseph  Tliomas, 
John  Thomas,  Junr. 
Christopher  Todd, 
John  'J'odd, 
Samuell  'J'odd, 
Mr.  'I'liomas  Trowbridge, 
John  'l"iowbiidi;e, 
iMr.  AViUiam  'Prowbridge. 
\\'illiam  'I'rowhridi^e,  Junr. 
'J'homas   Trowbridg,  Juur. 
James  Trowbridge, 
Isaac  Turnor, 
Thomas  'Putlle, 
Jonathan  TutUe, 
.loseph  'Puttie, 
David  Tultle, 
Nathanael  Tultle, 
John  Tuttle, 
Samuell  'Puttie, 
John  Uriiphervile, 
John  'Watson, 
Samuell  Whitehead, 
William  Wilmott,  , 

Seij'  John  Winston, 
John  ^Virlston,  Junr. 
AVilliam  ^\'ooden's  heirs, 
Jeriemiah  ^\'ooJen, 
John  Woolcott, 
Mr.  John  Yale, 
Mr.  Nathanael  Yale, 
The  'Prustees  of  the  1 
School  Estate.       ) 


'Jf 


This  List  of  names  Compared  with  the  List  of  1(jS5,  and  is  a  true  Coppy,  attested 
by  uss. 

NATir.\N  ANDREWS,       ]       ^j^t  mm 
WILLIAM  THOMSON,       \    ,  ,.  'r 
JONATHAN  ATWATER.J  °f  ^'"^  ^^'"'"*- 

This  List  of  the  Proprietors  of  the  Lands  in  the  Township  of  Newhaven,  was  Ex- 
hibited in  tlie  Geiierall  Assembly  on  the  'Pwentieth  day  of  October,  in  the  third  year  of 
her  i\Iajesties  rei;^ne,  Annocp  Dom  :  1701,  at  the  Same  time  when  a  release  of  all  the 
Lands  in  said  'Povvnship  to  the  said  proprietors  was  read  and  apjiroved  and  ordered  to 
be  sii^ned  in  the  name  of  the  Gouernor  and  Company  of  her  M.ijeslies  Colony  of  Con- 
necticutt.  Test.  ELEAZER  Kl.MBERLY,  Aery. 

The  ahoue  written,  with  what  is  Contained  in  the  two  next  aforei;oing  pai;es,  relating 
thereunto,  is  a  true  Coppie  of  the  Oiigenall,  being  therewith  Exannn'd  and  Compared, 
and  here  recorded,  May  -Milh,  17(j7.  Pr  me  ELEAZER  K1MBJ:RLV,  S^n-y. 

[The  forefrolng  is  recorded  in  the  Connecticut  '"  Colony  Records  of  Deeds,"  Vol.  IIL 
fol.  3'J7  — 3'jy.J 

^  ,.,  SlATE    OK    Co.NNECriCl^T,    SS.,         ) 

'    '  Oiiui.  of  Secukt-mu'  of  Sr.\.TE. ) 

I  hereby  certify,  that  the  foregoins;  is  a  true  copy  of  record  in  this  Ollice. 
/  —■ —  >  In  testimony  whereof,  I  Ikhc  hereunto  set  my  hand  and  allixed  the    Seal 

j  L.  s.  I      of  said  State,  at   Hartford,  this  sixth  day  of  March,  A.  D.  18-17,  and  in  the 
^  — .~  '      71st  year  of  the  Independence  of  the  I'niled  States  of  America. 


CHARLES  WM.  BRADLEY, 


Secretary  of  Slatt. 


■y\    J 


•A.;:-'  -.i^v:  '^^ 


4  X-    ■ 


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ii^ 


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■      I 
i 


1847.]  Memoir  of  Enoch  Parsons,  Esq.  159 


MEMOIR  OF  ENOCH  PARSONS,  ESQ.,  OF  HARTFORD,  CT. 

The  name  of  Parsons  is  found  among  ihe  earliest  emigrants 
to  New  England,  and  it  designated  a  family  of  high  respeetuhility 
in  the  parent  country.  As  early  as  1481,  John  Parsons  was  Mayor 
of  Hereford  in  the  county  of  Herefordshire,  and  Sir  Thomas  Par- 
sons of  Great  Milton,  from  one  branch  of  the  family,  received  the 
honor  of  knighthood  from  Charles  I.,  about  the  year  1634,  and  his 
descendants  are  still  found  at  Great  Millon  and  in  the  city  of  Lon- 
don. The  Coal  of  Arms  granted  to  Sir  Thomas  is  thus  described  : 
"  He  beareth  gules,  two  chevrons  ermine,  between  three  eagles  dis- 
played, or;"  Crest:  "an  eagle's  leg  erased  at  the  thigh,  or,  standing 
on  a  leopard's  head,  gules." 

These  armorial  bearings  are  retained  in  the  Parsons  Family  in 
the  United  States,  and  by  the  descendants  of  Sir  Thomas  in  Lon- 
don, among  whom  were  Sir  John  and  Sir  Humphrey  Parsons,  the 
former  Lord  Mayor  of  London  in  1704,  and  the  latter  in  1731  and 
1740  ;  also  by  the  branch  of  the  family  that  settled  in  Barbadoes, 
of  which  Rev.  John  Parsons,  IM.  A.,  of  Beybroolc  House  in  the 
county  of  Gloucester,  Vicar  of  Marden,  county  of  Wilts,  is  a  de- 
scendant, being  the  son  of  Daniel  Parsons,  M.  D.,  of  Barbadoes. 

Enoch  Parsons,  Esq.,  of  Hartford,  Ct.,  the  particular  subject  of 
this  memoir,  was  born  at  Lyme,  Ct.,  Nov.  5,  1769.  He  was  the 
third  son  of  Samuel  Holden  Parsons,  an  Aid  to  General  Washing- 
ton, a  Major-General  in  the  Revolutionary  army,  and  subsequently, 
Chief-Justice*  of  the  North  Western  Territory.  Mr.  Parsons  was 
also  grandson  of  the  Rev.  Jonathan  Parsons,  a  distinguished  cler- 
gyman first  of  Lyme,  Ct.,  and  secondly  of  Newburyport,  Ms.  His 
mother,  who  was  a  daughter  of  Richard  IMalherof  Lyme,  was  lin- 
eally descended  from  the  Rev.  Richard  Mather,  the  first  clergyman  of 
Dorchester,  Ms.,  ancestor  of  the  Rev.  Messrs.  Increase  and  Cotton 
Mather  of  Boston.  His  grandmother  was  sister  to  the  Hon.  Mat- 
thew Griswold  of  Lyme,  formerly  Governor  of  the  State,  and  was 
lineally  descended  from  Henry  Wolcolt,  1st,  of  Windsor,  the  pro- 
genitor of  all  who  bear  that  name  in  Connecticut.^ 

Mr.  Parsons  was  distinguished  in  youth  for  mental  vigor  and 
accurate  discrimination,  and  for  his  devotedness  to  the  more  abstruse 
and  severe  sciences,  particularly  the  mathematics.  This  laid  the 
foundation  of  his  future  eminence  as  a  financier.  He  did  not  receive 
a  collegiate  education,  but  his  academical  course  pursued  at  the 
Institutions  at  Pomfret  and  Plainfield,  was  extensive  and  thorough. 
His  favorite  studies  naturally  inclined  him  to  commercial  pursuits  ; 
and  to  qualify  himself  for  these,  he  engaged  in  the  year  l7S5  and 
1786,  in  the  service  of  Messrs.  Broome  and  Piatt,  who,  at  that  time, 
owned  a  great  commercial  house  in  New  Haven,  where  he  acquired 
a  complete  mercantile  education.     His  proliciency  and  accuracy  as 

*  A  more  extended  g^enealogical  account  of  the  Parsons  Family  may  be  expected  in  some 
future  No.  of  the  Register. 


-^t 


<MM.. 


160  Memoir  of  [April, 

an  accountant  soon  bronglit  him  into  notice,  and  in  the  year  1787  he 
was  employed  by  the  late  Gov.  Oliver  Wolcolf,  Jun.,  who  was  at 
that  time  State  Auditor  of  accounts,  to  arrange  and  prepare  for 
adjustment  the  Revolutionary  claims  of  Connecticut  upon  the  United 
States.  This  was  an  arduous  task  for  a  young  man,  requiring  great 
metiiodical  accuracy  and  precision,  and  it  was  performed  with  abil- 
ity and  acceptance. 

But  Mr.  Parsons  was  not  confined  to  his  favorite  pursuits  ;  he  had 
a  thirst  for  knowledge  generally,  and  improved  every  opportunity 
for  research  in  the  various  dejjartments  of  science  and  the  arts  with 
a  proportionate  zeal  and  accuracy.  Evidences  of  this  are  furnished 
in  a  Journal=^  which  he,  at  the  age  of  only  nineteen,  kept  wliile  on 
a  tour  to  the  North  Western  Territory  during  the  spring  and  sum- 
mer of  17S8,  in  company  with  his  father,  who  was  about  that  time 
appointed  by  President  Washington  Chief-Judge  in  and  over  the 
Territory,  which  included  the  States  of  Ohio,  Indiana,  Illinois,  and 
Michigan.  The  geology  of  the  country,  the  customs,  manners,  and 
language  of  the  native  sons  of  the  forest,  are  described  and  com- 
mented upon  with  a  minuteness  and  vivacity  interesting  alike  to  the 
geologist,  the  antiquary,  and  the  philosopher. 

He  was,  we  believe,  one  of  the  original  investigators  of  the 
tumuli  at  Marietta,  the  first  and  at  that  time  the  only  settlement  of 
importance  in  that  region  of  country.  A  description  of  one  of 
these  remarkable  mounds,  excavated  and  explored  by  him,  lie  com- 

*  In  his  Journal,  Mr.  Parsons  gives  the  followin;?'  statistics  of  the  Al>origines,  at  that  time 
inhabiting  the  Territory,  wliich  may  not  be  uninteresting  to  compare  with  their  present  con- 
dition.    We  present  the  extract  entire  : 

"  The  Dilawares  live  at  Sandusky,  in  a  N.  W.  course  and  about  180  miles  from  this  place,  (Marietta.)- 
Their  number  is  4U(). 

"  The  Wyaniiutf,  living  partly  in  the  same  region  and  partly  at  Detroit,  3(X)  miles  from  Marietta,  are 
about  'JGO  Ju  numl)er. 

*'  'i'lie  Mitniffs  live  on  the  Alleghany  river,  about  310  miles  N.  E.  from  M.  and  number  100, 

"  The  Miami  irihe  live  at  Miiiiui  town,  \V.  S.  ^V.  ■J.SO  miles,  anil  are  about  100  in  number. 

''  'I'lie  S/uiwanoes  liv(  on  the  .Miami  river,  S.  W.  ^0  miles,  and  number  150. 

" 'I'lie  Ckerokets,  or  Cliirkeu-agas,  hve  on  Puint  Creek,  S.  S.  W.  250  miles,  and  are  about  100  in 
number. 

•'  The  \V~iahtanof.i  live  on  Ihi^  Wabnsh  river,  W.  S.  W.  500  miles,  and  number  COO. 

"  The  Kickapoes  live  alsn  upon  the  \Val)asl\,  S.  S.  W.  500  miles,  and  number  1100. 

"  Tlie  Pianhishaics  live  upon  ihe  g;ime  river,  S.  and  S.  W.  CIXJ  mile:*  —  number  400. 

"  The  Kaiiaskias  live  on  the  Mississippi,  S.  S.  W.  Mrti  miles.     Their  number  is  150, 

"  The  Prnrees  live  upon  ihe  Illinois  river,  W.  S.  W.  Ol-K)  miles.     Number  150. 

"  The  Meailiiio  Inilium  live  also  upon  the  Illinois,  alxjul  000  miles  W.  by  S.     Number  500. 

"  The  Imcas  live  upon  the  Illinois,  S.  W.  OllO  niilei,  iiiimberiiiij  300. 

"The  Fojrei  live  on  the  ^>.  side  of  Lake  Sujierior,  \V.  N.  W .  000  miles —  number  1000. 

'•  The  C/iippewfU^  live  W.  of  Lake  Miehipaii,  W.  i\.  W.  &00  miles  from  .M.     Number  -1000. 

"  The  Potowatoniies  live  K.  of  Lake  iMicliii;an,  W.  N.  W.  al)Oul  450  miles.     Number  4000. 

"The  Ottawas  live  N.  V..  of  Lake  .Michigan,  N.  \V.  100  miles.     Number  lOOO. 

"  The  aieux  live  N    W.  of  Lake  Superior.     N.  \V.  from  .Marietta  050  miles.     .Number  6(KX)." 

In  iiis  Journal  we  have  nlso  n  s|>ociinen  of  the  fertility  of  the  soil,  and  the  rapidity  of  the 
vegetation  of  the  Territory,  in  the  following-  e.\tracts  : 

"June  T.  Rode  out  with  my  father  lo  his  three-acre  lot,  which  was  sowed  wiih  rye  in  December 
last.  About  iweiuy  days  apo,  it  was  four  inches  high.  Ten  days  since,  when  we  visited  it,  it  wa» 
three  and  a  hall  leet  hiph  ;  and  to-day  we  found  it  seven  and  a  half  I'eel  in  heipht. 

"  June  13.  Measured  a  spear  of  tiax  growiiii;  on  my  city  lot,  and  find  ihat  in  six  days  it  has  grown 
seven  inches.  Mr  Converse  informs  me  Ihat  about  three  weeks  ago,  he  planted  corn,  which  is  at  the 
present  lime  four  feet  high." 

On  subsequent  pages  of  the  Journal,  Mr.  P.  has  extended  remarks  on  the  philosophy  of 
vcfretation. 

We  liave  further  space  only  for  the  folio wing^  curious  e.vtract : 

"  June  15.  Last  night  the  dogs  made  a  most  hiiteouj  clamor,  and  seemed  to  be  exceedingly  excited. 
Mr.  ,  who  lives  about  forty  rods  N.  of  the  Slockaile,  was  about  geiting  up  lo  see  what  dis- 
turbed ihcin,  but  did  not ;  and  in  the  morning,  on  opening  the  outer  door  to  let  in  his  dog,  he  ibund  in 
his  mimlli  a  purse  fillid  with  Brooches  and  liiiigs." 


'il:  ■■('- 


.' -J. 


,'.1.1  .1-  ,•  0   ., 


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. (.Siv^.»i'f'^). ?•>•->■■.  «i-;.rsi<.'i  ..;.•'■>-;■.  J'»'vA  i';"£:se-  ■■■•    '•■•'■'..■    ..■..<i,_;      ■■..:      <  '  '  "  ,, 

.<»;>■  ■■<■  ■-    I'. '.  ■<.'i.  ■'.  ■■  ■:>■■. 


1847.]  Enoch  Parsons,  Esq.  161. 

municatcd  in  17S9  to  President  Stiles  of  Yale  College,  and  is  pre- 
served among  liis  manuscripts  in  the  College  Library. 

May  14,  1789,  Mr.  Parsons  was  appointed  by  CJov.  Arthur  St. 
Clair,  Register  and  Cleric  of  the  lirst  Probate  Record  Ofliee,  estab- 
lished in  the  county  of  Washington,  which  was  the  first  county 
erected  north-west  of  the  river  Ohio,  lie  there  remained,  faith- 
fully discharging  the  duties  of  this  appointment,  until  April,  1790, 
when  he  resigned  and  returned  to  Middleiown,  Ct.,  his  family  resi- 
dence, and  was  appointed  by  the  General  Assembly  of  the  Slate  at 
their  ensuing  session,  in  May,  High  Sheritf  of  Middlesex  County. 
TJiis  office  he  accepted,  being  then  only  twenty-one  years  of  age: 
and  he  continued  to  perform  its  duties  with  fidelity  and  public 
acceptance,  till  he  attained  the  age  of  49,  a  period  of  twenty-eight 
years ;  when  he  was  compelled  by  ill  health  and  various  imperative 
avocations,  to  relinquish  its  fatigues  and  solicitude. 

During  the  period  of  his  oliicial  duties  as  Sheriff,  Mr.  Parsons 
was  also  actively  engaged  in  various  other  public  avocations,  and 
in  mercantile  business.     He  was  called  to  preside  over  difl'ercnl 
local  institutions  and  organizations  in  the  place  where  he  resided; 
acted  a  while  as  Secretary  to  an  Insurance  Company,  and  was  re- 
peatedly elected  an  Alderman  of  the  city  of  Middletown,  and  Rep- 
resentative in  the  General  Assembly  of  the  State.     He  was  also     ... 
presented  by  his  Congressional  friends  as  a  rival  candidate  of  the    • 
late  President  Harrison  in  the  year  1791  for  the  office  of  Secretary     >. 
and  ex-ollicio  Lieut.  Governor  of  the  N.  W.  Territory,  but  he  de- 
clined the  nomination.     He  likewise  declined  the  honor,  though 
repeatedly  solicited,  to  represent  his  fellow-citizens  in  the  councils    fv 
of  the  nation.    His  own  private  alTairs  too  much  required  his  atten-    tj, 
tion  to  permit  him  to  engage  in  this  high  trust. 

In  the  year  1810,  when  the  late  Bank  of  the  United  States  was  in- 
corporated, I\Ir.  Parsons,  believing  that  the  establishment  of  a  j 
]3ranch  in  Connecticut,  (by  many  deemed  impracticable,)  would  '; 
materially  promote  the  commercial  interests  of  its  citizens,  visited 
Philadelphia  in  company  with  other  gentlemen,  with  a  view  to 
this  object.  By  the  most  persevering  efibrts,  and  through  his 
active  and  efilcient  induence  and  exertion,  a  Branch  was  located 
in  Connecticut  at  Middletown.  He  was  chosen  a  Director  of  the 
institution  immediately  upon  its  organization,  and  continued  in 
the  direction  during  the  existence  of  the  Charter. 

In  1S18  he  was  elected  President  of  the  Connecticut  Branch,  on 
the  resignation  of  the  Hon.  Samuel  W.  Dana,  then  a  Senator  in 
Congress;  and  was  annually  elected,  until  it  was  transferred  from 
Middletown  to  Hartford,  in  the  spring  of  18'^4.  Having  removed 
thither  himself  about  the  same  time,  he  was  re-elected,  and  contin- 
ued to  preside  over  the  institution  with  acknowledged  impartiality, 
ability,  and  firmness,  and  the  most  unllinching  integrity,  during  the 
operations  of  the  Branch  in  Connecticut,  and  until  the  expiration 
of  the  Charter. 

Though  educated  a  merchant  and  eminent  as  a  financier,  Mr. 


11 


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■    r  hp.a ,' 


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Jii 


ii\    'f.  ■)'.•-   »;    -.liiv/    ,,; 


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b;-.ol 


'•or! 


XI    .i^^^:n:     . 


•-■:    ....<!;      JC:)   "^       'K 


162  Memoir  of  Enoch  rdrsoiis,  Esq.  [-^P"', 

Parsons  was  also  a  ^ownd  hno/cr ;  not  by  profession  or  practice, 
but  by  the  acHjuisilion  of  llu'  ri'cjuisilc  legal  knowledge.  Tlieoillce 
of  Slierilf,  when  he  was  called  to  fill  it,  was  one  of  honor  as  well 
as  })rorit.  Its  incninbent  was  the  companion  of  ihc  Judges.  He 
attended  at  their  "  chambers"  as  well  as  in  the  ''court-room."  lie 
listened  to,  and  particii)ated  in,  their  deliberations  and  discussions. 
Thus  Mr.  Parsons  breathed  a  legal  atmosphere.  Being  by  his  odicial 
duties,  through  a  period  of  ticcnti/-eig-Itt  years,  in  familiar  inter- 
course with  the  Bench  and  the  B(u;  and  having  read  the  best 
elementary  writers,  erdowed,  as  he  was,  with  a  remarkably  re- 
tentive memory  and  a  logical  and  incjuisitive  mind,  it  is  not  sur- 
prising that  he  retained  to  the  close  of  life  the  principles  and 
maxims  of  jurisprudence  thus  deeply  implanted.  Though  not  a 
member  of  the  Bar,  his  opinions  on  elementary  points  were  seldom 
questioned. 

Mr.  Parsons  wrote  some,  but  reflected  more.  His  published 
writings  are  few  and  chielly  jioUtkal.  His  unpublished  manu- 
scripts arc  numerous  and  mostly  in  an  cpistolanj  form,  relating 
principally  to  the  subject  oi'  finance. 

In  all  the  relations  of  domestic  and  social  life,  Mr.  Parsons  was 
beloved  and  res[)ccled.  lie  was  twice  married,  and  left  three  chil- 
dren by  the-  first  marriage,  and  one  by  the  second;  two  only  of 
whom  survivi'  him  ;  namely,  one  residing  in  Hartford,  Ct.,  Samuel 
H.  Parsons,  Esq.,  and  one  in  the  State  of  Ohio.  In  these  rela- 
tions, lie  v.-as  ever  the  generous  and  atlectionate  husband,  and  the 
kind  and  faithful  parent.  Ilis  habits  and  feelings  were  social  and 
communicalivt' ;  and  in  his  intercourse  with  his  fellow-men,  dignity 
was  seen  blended  with  the  utmost  courtesy  and  kindness.  He  was 
a  true  gentleman  of  the  olden  school,  and  every  son  of  New  Eng- 
land will  understand  what  this  means. 

His  personal  appearance  was  dignified  and  commanding.  His 
stature  large  and  well-proportioned  ;  high  forehead  and  bald,  with 
dark  blue  eye,  and  a  countenance  indicative  of  his  mental  charac- 
teristics of  thought,  deliberation  and  energy,  blended  with  mildness. 

Mr.  Parsons  was  a  firm  believer  in  the  Christian  religion.  He 
adopted  the  principles  of  the  gospel  as  the  standard  of  human  ac- 
tion ;  and  frec[uently  remarked,  that  through  life  he  had  made  it  an 
invariable  rulr  never  to  close  his  eyes  in  sleep  without  first  com- 
muning with  his  (Jod. 

About  a  year  previous  to  the  close  of  his  interesting  life,  his  sys- 
tem became  generally  debilitated,  and  during  the  last  three  or  four 
months  he  was  unable  to  leave  the  house.  He  expressed  himself 
perfectly  resigned  to  the  will  of  Heaven,  and  gradually  sunk  into  a 
lethargy,  which  continued  until  the  morning  of  July  9,  ISIG,  when 
lie  slept  in  dt'ath,  in  the  77tli  year  of  his  age. 


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1847.]      ■  The  Philosoph,/  of  Life.  1G3' 


TlIK  rillLOSOPHY  OF  LIFK. 

Wy  Muse  has  oft  sIumluT.'J  in  life's  bu^y  dav, 

And  .st'ldom  I've  sought  Iut,  as  liaviiii,'  nolui.sunj  ; 

At  tho  inoinciit,  however,  wliilc  limi;  ijlidcs  awav 
In  tin,'  (jiiiL't  of  agi'.  Il'I  inu  yit^ld  to  the;  pleastii'c. 

And  oh  !   in  the  scent-s  0:1  my  fancy  that  burst, 

And  on  which  with  (hdi^'ht  or  with  sadness  I  linir.-r, 

Say,  what  .shall  arnvst  rny  attention  tin;  (irst  '. 

When?;  where  shall  I  jilace  nie  —  where  point  tho  fixed  finger  ? 

Shall  I  dwell  npon  childhood,  or  press  on  to  youth, 
(Jr  look  only  on  manhood,  or  Death's  les•^ons  ponder? 

Shall  I  mourn,  or  rejoice,  or  ad.minister  truth. 
Or  most  at  man's  folly  or  GOD'S  mercy  wonder  ? 

I  gaze  on  the  palace,  contemplate  the  cot, 

Mark  the  tower,  see  the  ocean,  view  l;ind-<ca[ies  wide-sprcadiuL', 
And  I  leel.  while  I  think  on  man's  chani:eable  lot. 

Compassion  its  inlhience  o'er  my  heart  shedding: 

And  I  cry,  '  0  ye  trillers,  ye  murmnrers,  say, 

'  Couhi  your  wishes  be  realized,  what  were  the  Idessing 

'  Most  anxiously  .souijht,  to  make  happy  your  day 

'  01  existence,  and  crown  you  with  hli^s  worth  possessing  ?' 

'  I'J  have  power,'  say.s  the  statesman  ;  '  broad  empire.'  the  ki;ig  ; 

'  More  lands,'  .shouts  the  rich  ;  and  '  no  labor,'  the  'pea>anl  ;^ 
And  so  throuirh  the  catalogue!      Hope  seeks  to  brini,' 
t'  Kiijuyuent  from  change,  and  depreciates  the  pre>ent  : 

While  yet,  would  we  weigh  our  condition  with  care, 
:  ;  And  be  just  to  that  Wisdom  our  lollies  which  chastens, 

We  should  see  many  blessings  that  fall  to  our  share, 

Though  the  crown  of  our  wishes  it,  advent  ne'er  hastens. 

GOD  denies  in  His  love,  and  withholds  what  we  seek, 
In  tender  compa>siou,  well  knowing  our  blindness. 

Let  us  yield,  be  submissive,  and  patient,  and  meek, 
Adoring  His  mercy,  and  trusting  His  kindness. 

This,  this  is  our  wisdom.     Alone  it  deserves 

The  name  of  philosophy  ;  nor  can  the  science 
Man  proudly  may  boast,  while  as  yet  he  but  serves 

His  passions,  allord  for  his  woes  an  appliance.  .      , 

This  life  is  a  trial.      Our  worhl  cannot  fill 

The  void  of  the  heart,  which  too  surely  is  boundles.s. 

GOD  will  discipline,  rectify,  govern  man's  will, 
And  eternity  show  our  complaining  is  groundless  : 

There,^  we  may,  when  we  knoic  what  we  see  here  in  part. 

Lite's  piiilosophy  prize,  as  we  lind  it  resulting 
In  bliss  s[)ringiug  forth  from  a  purilied  heart 

Without  cea.sing.  in  love,  joy,  :uid  wonder  exulting. 

Why  should  we  not,  then,  as  life  hurries  away, 
Subnfit  us  to  (;0D,  ami  fall  in  with  the  measures 

His  Wisilom  employs,  from  His  paths  lest  we  strav, 
And  fail  to  inherit  His  blood-purchased  treasures? 

/G/iua/i/30,  1817.  •,        ••.-  Tj.,., 


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16i  •    Gencalog'lcs.  [April 


C   »A 


K  E  M  A  K  K  S  . 


Tlie  rollowin:^  detail.s  arc  published  not  as  being  comiilcte,  but  with 
tlie  hope  lliat  the  pubhealiou  of  tliciii  may  be  as  a  magnet  attracting 
to  itself,  ami  tluis  suii[)lying  the  wanting  hnks  which  miglit  otherwise 
perisli  from  the  chain  of  a  family  history.  Any  information,  however 
slight,  respcetmg  any  of  the  lines,  whether  direct  or  collateral,  hereby 
brought  to  light,  will  be  welcomed  by  the  author  of  this  article,  or  the 
editor  of  this  jinirnal. 

We  are  still  in  the  dark  as  to  the  family  history  of  not  a  few  among 
the  lirst  fathers  of  x\ew  England.  .Much  of  this  darkness  might  be 
dispelled  were  all  the  written  memorials  still  extant  sought  out,  com- 
jiared,  and  committed  to  the  keeping  of  the  art  jircservaiive  of  all  arts. 
"Wiiithrop  in  his  Journal  s[)eaks  of  a  letter  from  the  Yarmoulh  pilgrims 
to  their  bretliren,  wilh  their  names,  as  printed  at  London  in  IG^'.O.  The 
inslnictions  to  Endecott,  the  fust  (Jovcrnor  of  IMassachiisctts  Bay,  were 
"  Keep  a  daily  register  in  each  family  of  what  is  done  by  all  and  every 
person  in  the  family." 

In  Young's  Chronicles  of  riymouth,  (p.  3G,)  and  of  Massachusetts 
Bay,  (|).  157),  lists  o'^  names  of  emigrants  are  referred  to,  but  the  lists 
themselves  are  ncjt  given. 

Xolwilhstandiiig  several  good  works  ujion  the  Huguenots  have  re- 
cently appeared,  much  genealogical  labor  remains  to  be  performed  in 
tracing  the  lineage  of  jiarlicular  families  to  Erance,  and  investigating 
their  condition  there  before  their  emigration.  1  have  often  souglit, 
though  without  .success,  fur  the  records  of  the  Old  Erench  Church  in 
Boston,  v.'hich  stood  on  the  site  ol'  ilie  Uuiversalist  Church  in  School 
street. 

N  0  T  E  S  . 

1.  Neither  the  family  name  of  Siephcn  Butler's  wife  nor  any  other 
particiUars  respecting  him  have  been  ascertained,  except  the  record  of 
the  births  of  his  children,  which  is  extracted  from  the  city  registers  of 
Boston,  formerly  kejit  in  the  Old  State  House.  As  he  became  a  father 
in  Boston  within  little  more  than  twenty  years  after  its  lirst  settlement, 
it  may  be  presumed  that  he  was  an  emigrant  from  Euroi>e. 

2.  Benjamin  Jkitler.  The  diilereiit  dates  in  this  ami  similar  cases 
denote  the  births  of  diliereiit  children  bearing  the  same  name;  the  for- 
mer in  all  probability  died  before  the  birth  of  the  latter. 

3.  James  J5utler  jirobably  died  before  1G'J2,  if  the  Grace  Butler,  mar- 
ried to  Andrew  Eiaukin,  Ajiril  1-Jth,  of  that  year,  by  Simon  Bradstreet, 
was  his  widow. 

4.  Information  as  to  the  kindred  of  Abigail  Eusticc  may  doubtless  be 
found  in  the  public  records  of  Boston 

0.  James  Butler  was  a  proprietor  in  a  rope-walk  at  West  Boston; 
was  married  April  Ci,  171(t,  by  llev.  E.  rciubertuii  of  the  Old  South. 
He  was  probably  admitted  to  the  Eirst  Church  Jan.  24,  ITO.?-].  A 
folio  Bible  wilh  Clarke's  anuutatioiis,  now  in  my  [lossession,  as  an  heir- 
loom from  my  father  and  grandfather,  bears  the  name  of  this  James 
Butler,  my  grandfather's  grandfather,  and  the  date  1713,  doubtless 
written  by  his  own  hand. 

(■>.  Giiu;e  Ihitler  was  married  l)ec.  2G,  170C.,  lo  Thomas  Jackson,  by 
Jn-uiamin  Wadsworth,  mini>ter  nf  the  lirst  idiiirrh.  Slie  had  several 
elnldii  11,  lirace,  Thomas,  and  I'Misubeth,  and  dird  ."Marrli   1-'),   l7o'.'. 


>-i'l 


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,•„    'M.   ;•   ■'■.:l:  -i  .,:*:■"'■.■ 


iy^;l    -fliv^O.^a  DiH' 


i.,. 


. . ;  A  -  ! ) ; . 


.  •  .t' 


:,    1 


.,    ,,,1,      ,  ,.;    ,.  '■.    ,r,,      J  ,■(  .;;•:••:  ■ 


1817. 


The  Ihithr  Fanii/i/. 


169 


7.  Eliza  Rutler  was  admitted  to  tlic  first  cliurch  Nov.  2o,  170G, 
and  was  married  to  Capt.  Ephraim  Savage,  Jan.  8,  1712.  Nothing  fur- 
ther is  known  of  her. 

S.  James  lUilIer  was  by  trade  a  goldsmith.  About  1750  he  removed 
to  Ilalilax,  Nova  Scotia,  but  proving  unfurtiinatc  in  his  enterprise,  soon 
returned  to  IJosion.  He  afterwards  lived  awiiile  in  Sutton,  Ms.,  but 
died  HI  Jjuston,  in  177G,  aged  (Vo. 

9.  Aitliougii  I  liuve  abstained  from  full  details  of  collateral  lines,  I 
am  constrained  to  give  them  respecting  Elisabeth  Davie,  since  her 
line  of  ancestry  is  so  long. 

John  Davie  of  Exeter,  Kng.  =p  Julian  Strode. 


Juhn. 


Mary,  —  Humphrey,  a  Lon- 

I    (ion  niercliunt. 


John,  removed    from—  Llisabeth  Richards.         Ann,  d.  Sept. 
Lundoii  and  settled  in  1^',  ICo'J. 

(Jroton,  Ms.,  K'tj.'.        i 


I  I  1,11! 

(a)  John, graduated  at  Har-  (l))  Ilumphrc)- of      IMary.     William.     Elisabeth.     Sarah 
vard,  lOSl,  hecame  bai-  DorcliOiler,     —  (c)  Hannah  Gedney. 

onet  in  1713.  presented  I 

books  to  Yale  College.  | 

I 

F.lisabetli,  d.  Feb.  ^  (S)  James  Butler. 
1-j,  173'J. 

(a.)  The  line:\cro  of  this  nubleman.  Ids  heraldic  emblazonin^s  and  the  like, 
may  he  found  in  Hnrke'.s  Poerai:^  ot  Eii'j;l:ind  :  "  vi.v  ea  nostra  voco." 

(b)  Humphrey  Davie  was  a  captain  in  the  Loiulun  trade.  Hence  his  daugh- 
ter had  many  line  dresses.  One  of  these  now  belongs  to  ln;r  grandJauyhter, 
^Ir<.  .Sarah  Kini^sbury  of  Oxford,  Ms. 

It  is  of  brocade,  with  niaiiy-coloied  figures  cinbroidcred  upon  a  ground  of 
i;reen.  It  has  two  skirts,  each  of  .seven  breadtlis,  a  long  luxlice  to  be  worn 
with  a  satin  stomacher,  sleeves  short  at  the  elbows,  with  llowing  rullh's.  A  sil- 
ver tabby  chrislenimr,  or  to  use  a  better  expression,  haptisiiuil,  blanket,  now  in 
iny  possession,  is  said  to  have  been  made  of  another  of  my  irreat-grandniuther's 
dre--es.  There  is  a  family  tradition  that  these  dresses  were  pawned  by  her 
husband  after  her  death,  and  redeemed  by  her  son. 

(c)  Hannah  Gedney's  lineage  so  far  as  I  can  trace  it  is  as  follows  ; 

John  Gedney,  b.  li'D:!;  d.  Ang.  T),  IGsS;  .-=  Mary .  '     ' 

admitted  tochurcli  in  Salem,  Nov.  11',  lO.i".  =--  Catherine . 


Sarah. 


J.  I  ,1  t 

Eli.  Bartholomew,        Eleazer.  John,  lost  ai  sea, 

baptized,  June  •     .., 

M,1GU),  Free-  ,.       ,    ,  .       ,  ' 

man,  It'/OVi ;  d.  '  "  ■     * 

.March  1,1  GOS. 


Wilharn,  b.  hiGS;  m.  1G90;   d.  17:!0.  y  H.mnah  Gardner. 


11 


H.iiinah,  --  lb)  Humphn'y  Davie. 


■A'V 


[tiei 


'.'  ■.rt'.ii:  ■_*■(    ■  \  'V,7  J  ".iM..'/ 


'■]-■   I 


■V  I  0<4   •  '   VI 


1 1: 


170  Genealogies.  [April, 

10.  Jamc:s  I5iitler  wris  brought  u[>  to  the  trado.  of  a  linttcr;  was 
nrairied  iMfxy  10,  l/HiJ,  by  Uev.  Andrew  Khot  of  Mew  North  Church; 
ill  Aug.,  1771,  Ilcd  witli  liis  wife  mid  six  children  under  ten  years  of 
age,  to  Georgetown,  Mc.,  a  lour  days'  voyage,  lie  was  driven  to 
this  fliglit  Ijy  the  15oslon  port-bill,  whicli  brought  all  business  to  a 
stand.  After  remaining  four  years  in  Maine,  he  returned  to  Boston, 
and  soon  removed  to  (Jxford,  Ms. ;  where  he  resided  till  his  death, 
Dec.  20,  lb27,  aged  Sd. 

11.  Mary  Sigourney  was  great-granddaughter  of  a  Sigourney,  who, 
being  a  Ilngucnot,  fled  from  Hochelle  in  France,  with  his  wife  and 
four  small  children,  in  IG^J.  This  first  emigrant  was  aniuiig  the  first 
settlers  in  Oxibrd,  I\Is.,  and  some  of  his  children  married  there. 
Through  fear  of  Indians,  he  removed  to  Jjoston.  I  have  made  out  an 
extensive  table  of  his  posterity,  but  on  account  of  its  length,  must 
refrain  fVom  inserting  it  here,  except  so  far  as  relates  to  my  own 
family.  Among  the  descendants  of  this  Huguenot  exih-,  are  the 
JJrimmcrs,  the  Inches,  and  the  Dexiers,  of  Boston  ;  the  Commander 
of  the  Schooner  Asp,  killed  by  the  British  iu  the  I'otomac,  in  1813;  and 
the  hus!)and  of  our  most  popular  poetess. 

Sit'ournev,  "7 . 


I 

Andrew,  in.  ab.  =--  Gcrmaine 
17ui,at  0.\i"ord. 


Anthony,  b.  Boston,  Aug.  17,  ITl.'f,  =-  ("<  )Mary  Watcrs 


(11)  Mary,  b.  March  23,  17  11  ;  in..  May  is,  17G3  ;  =  (10)  James  Butler. 
was    early  taught   French  by   her  grand- 
mother,  as   the    toni,'ue   of  her   ancestors;  ■  •  , 
consulted  by  Dr.  Holmes  as  to   Huguenot 
annals;    had   the  covenant   propounded   to 
her  at  the  New  North  church,  Feb.  2,!,  17G1. 

12.  James  Davie  Butler  was  born  in  Boston,  Oct.  G,  1103.  In  17SC, 
loft  a  school  lie  was  teaching  in  Oxfortl,  to  be  a  volunteer  against 
Shays.  Immigrated  to  Ilutland,  Vt.,  in  Aug.,  1767;  A\'as  at  first  a  hat- 
ter; in  1702,  became  a  merchant,  and  continued  in  trade  fifty  years, 
till  his  death,  June  3,  lS-12. 

He  A\'as  married,  Aug.  22,  1S02,  to  tlie  widow  Fiachel  IMaynard,  and 
IMarch  1-3,  1S27,  to  Lois  Harris.  He  represented  tlie  town  of  Rutland 
in  the  Vermont  Legislature,  for  the  years  lbl2and  lbl3.  in  tlie  year 
'is\  1,  he  was  a  member  of  the  State  Council. 

His  first  wife  was  daughter  of  Ca[»t.  Israel  Harris  of  Williamstown, 
r*Is.,  who  went  with  Kthan  Allen's  Green  Mountain  Boys  to  take 
Ticondeioga,  and  was  an  ollicer  in  the  battle  of  Bennington. 

13.  This  infant  of  days  may  be  noticeable  as  l^eing  the  seventh  of 
those  who,  in  one  unbroken  line  during  one  hundred  and  eighty-one 
years,  liave  born  the  name  of  James. 

(')  Mar^'  Waters  was  of  M'eUh  cxtracli.iii.  She  owned  a  cfipy  of  Flavel  iu  two  vol - 
unies  ft'lu),  (I.uiidnn,  1710  )  \vhiL-li  is  now  m  my  hand-  t_>ue  of  Lcr  t^rocade  drcsst-s  is  sliii 
[TO.-erved  by  Mi»s  M.iry  Butler  of  Itulliuid,  \l 


Ui  'l 


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1^-17.]  The  Mlnot  Fumilij.  '       171 


t,.  THE    iMIN'OT    FAMILY 

UV    LEMIEL    bllATTfCli,   USt;. 


Explanation  of  the  Plan  in  prcparin;i;  the  Memoir. 

Ill  iho  following  ]\Ieinoir  the  numbers  inscrtcii  in  llie  pareulhesos  on  tho  left, 
are  the  niiinlicr.-i  of  tin.'  paia^raplts.  each,  i:eniTaIiy,  containini;  a  notice  of  one 
entire  family.  The  KoiiKm  numbers  iinmeJialely  after  indicate  the  yenoration 
of  (lie  family,  including  the  lirst  person  named.  The  descendants  are  doubly 
numbineJ  —  liist  in  cunsecutive  ordi'r,  and  secondly  by  each  family  separately. 
The  ligures  in  brackets  after  tin;  name  refi.T  back  to  these  numbers  of  the  de- 
scendants, indicating  the  family  and  connections  to  uhich  the  individual 
belongs.  The  numbers  insert(!d  in  the  parentheses  on  the  right,  against  the 
name  of  a  child,  show  the  subsequent  paragraph  where  a  notice  of  tiie  tamily 
of  such  child  may  be  found. 

It  is  impossible  to  piesenl  a  mouKiir  of  this  kind,  which  shall  be  entirely  free 
from  error,  perfect  and  complete.  In  existing  families,  births,  marriaL'cs,  and 
deaths,  are  constantly  occurrinLT,  and  in  mort!  ancient  ones  new  facts  are  often 
iliscovered.  Such  lacts  it  is  desiral.de  to  have  entered  ;  and  snch  a  plan  as 
woidd  allow  their  in-ertion  without  re-writing  the  memoir  will  be  preferred.  By 
leaving  some  space  in  the  original  entries,  the  plan  admits  of  correction,  ampli- 
lication,  and  e.vtension,  without  marring  its  simplicity  and  bi;auty. 


IMEMOIR.      ;,    -., 

(I)  All  by  the  name  of  I\Iinot  in  Aincrica  are  supposed  to  liave 
tlescentled  from  George  Minot,  whose  posterity  forms  the  subject  of 
this  Memoir.  There  was  a  Thomas  Minot,  probably  a  brother,  who 
was  a  proprietor  of  Barbadoes  in  li>33,  but  I  can  neiilier  trace  his  his- 
tory, nor  ascertain  that  he  left  iiosterity.  None  of  the  name  could  be 
found  in  the  New  York  or  riiLladeli)hia  Directories  for  154 G.  The  fam- 
ily are 'all  descended  from  Thomas  ?tIinot,  Es.p,  Secretary  to  tlie 
Abbot  of  Walden,  England,  by  whom  he  was  advanced  to  great  pos- 
sessions. 

FIRST  GENERATION. 

{■?.)  I.  Eloer  George  I\Iinot  was  the  son  of  Thomas  IMinot,  Esq, 
of  Salfron- Walden,  l^^ssex,  England,  and  was  b.  Aug.  1,  1501.  lie  was 
among  tlie  first  Pilgrim  emigrants  to  ^Massachusetts,  and  the  first  set- 
tlers of  Dorchester.  His  jdace  of  residence  was  near  Ncponset 
Bridge,  and  he  owned  tlic  land  whicli  has  been  hnowp  as  "  Stptantum." 
lie  was  made  a  freeman  in  li;:l!,and  represented  the  town  in  IGo;") 
and  ir.:jf).  lie  was  a  ruling  elder  in  the  clnu-ch  thirty  years,  and  d. 
Dec.  'J  I,  1071,  in  the  7Mh  year  of  liis  a'j.\  lie  left  a  will,  wliicli  is 
recorded  in  the  Suliblk  Ilecurds,  Vol.  VII.  p  !■-'.».  The  inventory  of  hi.- 
estate  amounted  to  C277.  7.  7.  "His  d.alh,"'  say  the  records,  "was 
much  lamented  by  the  town,  whose  weal  he  sought  and  lilierties  de- 
fended." He  was  a  cotemporary  with  l^Ider  Humpl:rey ;  and  it  is  said 
the  following  lines  Were  once  to  be  foimd  on  a  gravestone  in  the 
ancieiit  burying-ground  in  Dorchester:  — 

Hero  lie  the  ho.'.ii's  of  I.'nile  Humphrey  ;iiul  .•^hii.i:):,'  Mmot 
Siiclt  names  ;\5  theae,  they  ne\er  che  net. 


iCl 


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172  Ocnculog-ics.  [April, 

Mr.   Mii\()i\s  wife,  Martha,  J.  iu  Dorchcslcr,  Dec.  23,  1C57,  a.  CO.     He 
JclL  the  lulluwing  chikiren  ; 

;     2—1  John,       1).  April    2,  ICJ.",,  m.  Lydia  Duller,  ^lay  19,  1G47.  (3) 

.'J— 2  Jaiii.'S,     1..  D.'c.    31,  HVjS,  rii.  llunnuh  St<.ui;liton,      Due.     <J,  IC.Vj.  (4) 

4—3  Stophen,  b.  May      2,  li':il,  lu.  Trucros-o  Davf-nport,  Nov.  10,  IC'^J.  (,0) 

5 — 1  Samutjl,  b.  Ucc.    lb,  1635,  m.  Hannah  Howard,  June  23,  lOTO.  (Oj 

"  ■  SIX'O.XD  GENERATION. 

(;i)  11.  Capt.  John  Minot  [2 — ]]  was  m.  by  Governor  Dudley  to 
Lydia  Butler  of  Dorchester,  May  19,  1017.  She  d.  Jan.  21,  1GG7,  at 
the  birth  of  her  sixth  child.  He  ni.  a  second  lime  Mary  Biggs  of  Bos- 
ton, widow  of  John  Biggs  who  d.  in  IGtid,  and  the  daughter  of  John 
Dasset.  He  d.  iu  Dorchester,  Aug.  12,  IGG'J,  a.  43.  She  ci.  about  1G77. 
Tliey  both  left  wills.  His  i.s  recorded  in  Sullblk  llecords.  Vol.  VI.  p. 
31),  ai)d  hers,  Vol.  VI.  p.  2G2.  His  estate  was  prized  at  X97S.  0.  Aa 
anecdote  in  relation  to  John  Minot  is  found  in  Dwight's  Travels,  Vol. 
III.  p.  12o,  and  in  Hutchinson's  Hist.  IMass.  Vol.  I.  p.  268.  He  left  the 
following  children  ; 

C— 1  John,      b.  Jan.    23,  ir,l7,  m.  Elisabeth  Brick,  March  11,  1G70.     (7) 
7—2  James,    b.  Sept.  11,  It'i.xt,  ra.  Rebecca  Wheeler.     (S)   — 

b— 3  .Martha,  b.  Sept.  2J,  ir.57,  d.  siii;;le,  Nov.  23,  1G7S,  a.  21.     She  was  engaged  to 
be  uiariied,  but  il.  unmarried,  leavin;^  a  will,  in  which  she  directed  that  at  her 
funeral  her  betrothed  hubband,  "  John  Morgan  Jr.  be  all  over  mourning,  and 
follow  next  after  me." 
9 — I  Stephen,  b.  Aug.  lu,  li',c,2,  m.  Mary    Clark,  Dec.  1,  IC^u.     (0) 
10 — !j  Samuel,  h.  July     3,  1G'J5,  m.  Hannah  Jones  of  Concord.     (10) 
11 — 6  An  infant,  d.  in  infancy. 

(A)  II.  James  Minot  [3—2]  d,  in  Dorchester,  ]Marcli  30.  1G7G,  a.  48. 
He  left  no  will.  His  estate  was  prized  at  .CGGo.  IS.  G.  He  m.  1st, 
Dec.  9,  lGo3,  Hannah  Stoughton,  d;iu.  of  Col.  Israel  Stoughton,  and  sis- 
ter of  the  Hon.  Win.  Stoughton,  Lieut.  Gov.  of  Massachusetts.  She 
was  b.  April,  1G37,  admitted' to  the  church,  1GG2,  and  d.  March  12,  1G70, 
a.  33.  He  m.  2nd,  llejibziliah  Corlet,  sister  of  Amis  Corlct,  May  21, 
1G73,  in  Cambriilge.  After  Mr.  MinoL's  death,  she  m.  Daniel  Champ- 
ney,  June  4,  Kbl.     !Mr.  ^Nlinot  had  the  following  children  ; 

12— 1    Israel,  b.  Oct.    IR,  li'.Jl,  d.  unmarried. 

13—2   Ceori^e,       h.  Nov.    l.l,  1G55. 

14—3   Hannah,      h. ,  l(i:)7,  d.  Feb.  IG,  1G59. 

15 — t  James,         b.  April    2,  1G5'.',  m.  Rebecca  Jones,  Feb.    9,  IGSG.     (11) 

IG— ;')  William,     b.  Sept.  IS,  ]f.G2. 

17— G  Elisabeth,  b.  Dec.  27,  1GG3,  m.  John  Danforth,   Nov.  21,10^2. 

lb — 7   Melietabel,b.  Sept.  17,  IGOS,  m.  1.  Thomas  Cooper,  2.  Solomon  Stoddard,  Esq. 

('))  11.  Stc[)hen  ]\Iinot  [1—3]  d.  in  Dorchester,  Feb.  IG,  1G71,  a.  40, 
intestate,  leaving  an  estate  of  .i!G-jl.  4.  7.  He  m.  Truccrossc  Daven- 
port, Nov.  10,  IGol.      She  d.  Aug.  3,  1092,  a.  o3.     They  had 

I'J—l  Martha,  b.  Sei)t.  22,  1G57,  d.  Oct.  11,  1GS3. 
20—2  Jonathan,  b.  Sept.  11,  1G58,  d.  Nov.  2'.t,  1G.')S. 
21—3   Klibabeth,  d.  Nov.  24,  1GG3. 

2J — 1  Mehetal.el,  b.  June    4,  ir,G5,  ni.  Edward  Mills  of  Boston.     She  d.  Aug.  10,  IGOO, 

leaving  one  son,  Stephen  Mills. 
23—5  F.lisibeiu,  b.  June   10,  li',7'J,  after  the  death  of  her  father.     She  and   Stejihen 

Mills  iiiheiited  Mr.  Minol's  pro[ierty. 


'  yi 


....    t  1        ,!    t. 


I,  /■,■. 


IS47.]  The-Minot  FamiJij.  173 

(G)  II.  Samuel  Minot  [5 — 1]  d.  in  Dorchp^tcr,  Dec.  1=5,  1000.  He 
m.  Ilanimh  Howard.  June  23,  1(')70.     They  liad  two  cliildrea  ; 

24—1   George,  b.    IGTr). 

25—2  Samuel,  b,  Nov.  23,  IGSS,  d.  June  1,  IGSO. 

THIRD  gi:.\i:katio.\'. 

(7)  III.  John  INIinol  [G— 1]  d.  .Tan.  2C),  IGOO.  His  will  is  recorded  in 
the  Sunblli  Records,  Vol.  VII.  [).  Gt.  lli.s  estate  was  prized  at  llGt^O.  17. 
Hem.  Elisabetli  Brick,  IMarcli  1 1,  1G70,  wlio  d.  April  G,  IG'JU.  They 
botli  d.  in  Dorclie.ster  of  the  small-pox.     Their  children  were 

2t)— 1   John,       b.  Oct.  10,  1072,  m.  Mary  Baker,  May  21,  ICC'o.     (12) 

27— 2  Lsnicl,      b.  An-.  2:),  lC7i). 

2S— 3  Josiah,    b.  Dec.  27,  li'.77. 

29 — 1  Jenisha,  b.  Jan.   2S,  1G7'.>.  > 

30—5  George,  b.  Aug.  10,  1GS2.  .     '      . 

(8)  HI.  James  IMinot,  Esq.,  [7— ?]  was  b.  Sept.  It,  10.13,  and  grad- 
uated at  II.  C.  in  lG7o.  He  .studied  divinity  and  physic.  He  kept  the 
grammar-school  in  Dorchester  in  IG7'J,  but  soon  after  removed  to  Con- 
cord, where  he  was  employed  as  a  teacher  and  physician.  In  1G95,  he 
was  hired  to  [ireach  in  Stow,  "for  I:J.  (".  per  day,  one  half  casli  and  one 
half  Indian  corn  ;  "  and  ai^ain  in  lOSO  for  "  what  older  towns  had  given 
their  ministers —  Cl3  for  i;5  sabbaths.''  In  1G".):2  he  had  another  appli- 
cation to  preach  there,  which  he  dcchned,  Hclin([iiishing  the  profession 
soon  after,  he  was  appointed  Justice  of  the  Peace  in  109-2,  and  a  Captain 
of  the  militia,  then  olhces  of  much  distinction.  He  represented  the 
town  several  years  in  General  Court,  was  much  employed  in  various 
public  trusts,  and  distinguished  himself  for  his  talents  and  excellent 
character.  He  d.  Sept.  20,  173.5,  a.  b3.  He  ni.  Rebecca,  dan.  of  Capt. 
Tnnothy  Wheeler,  the  founder  of  the  ministerial  fund  in  Concord,  and 
inherited  the  liomcstead  of  his  fatber-indaw,  near  the  residence  of 
the  Hon.  Daniel  Shattuck,  where  he  tl.  She  d.  Sept.  23,  1731,  a.  03. 
The  following  arc  the  epitaphs  on  the  gravestones  erected  to  their 
memories,  now  standing  in  the  "  Hill  Burying- Ground,"  in  Concord. 

Here  i.s  interred  the  remains  of 
Jajiks  MiNOTT,  Ksij.,  A.  M.  an 
■    ''"";■    ,'   ■'.  '■  Excelling  Grammarian,  Enriched 

'    ■'     ',  ■'  '•         with  the  (Jift  of  Prayer  and  Freaching, 

a  Commanding  Olficer,  a  IMiysiciaii  of  .  •  ■ 

Great  Value,  a  Great  Liiver  of  I'eace 
as  well  as  of  Justice,  and  which  was  '        '  ' 

•     ■  His  greatest  Glory,  a  Genl'n  of  distinguished 

Virtue  and  Goodness,  liappy  in  a  Virtuous 
Posterity,  and  living  Ri-ligiousiy,  Died 
Comfortably,  Sept.  21),  1 73.1,  .-Kt.  S3.  *         '■ 

Here  is  interred  the  body  of 
^Irs  Rebecca  Minott  y<'  virtuous 
Consort  of  Jatnos  Mino't  Esij.  .      ■ 

(and  daughter  of  Cajit.  Timothv  Wheeler) 
*  She  was  a  person  of 

Serious  piety  and  aliouiiding  .         ' 

charity,  of  great  usefulness 
in  Her  Day,  and  a  pattern 
,  of  Patience  and  tiolv 

Siihmission  nndi-r  a  loni; 

CoiUinenient,  and  rcsit;nccl  llt-r 

.Soul  w  ith  Jiiy  ill  hii 

Kedcciucr  Sept  ..':!,  1  ?:;  I 

i         aged  G"?. 


';.;Mr.' 


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:■'     I.,,..,     .,  ,  _,       ,.;,, 


174  CcncaJo'j^ics.  [April, 

The  following  were  childrGU  of  James  .Alinot,  Esq.; 

ni  — 1   Kcl.i'cca,     1).  Fe!j.       '.',  !'>'.,  m.  J.-)SL'ph  E.uielt,  Dec.  27,  1701.  (13) 

32 — Q  Ly(ii;i,         b.  M.irch  1  "2,  1('^7,  m.  lieiij.miin  Barrett,    Jan.      3,  nor).  (m) 
33 — 3  Mary,          li.  Nov.     10,  li.^.i,  m.  Ebeiifzer  Wheeler,  Sept.  2o,  17(i''.. 

31 — I  Tiiuothy,    L.  June     IS,  l'.'.',',  m.  1.  IMary  Brooks— -J.  Bculah  Brown.  (15) 

3.5 — 5  James,         b.  Oct.     17,  lO'Jl,  lu.  1.  Martliu  Lane— 2.  KIi*abeth  Merrick.  (10) 

3'"— 0   Elisabeth,  b.  Jan.      2'.',  li'.'.i?,  in.  Daniel  A'lanis,  April  J  j,  171 .5.  (17) 

37 — 7  Martha,       b.  April     3,  li'i'.i'.),  m.  James  Lane,      April  3u,  171 'j.     She    d.  Jan. 

1':*,  \1\V.\  in  Bedford,  a.  -10. 

3S— S  Love,    I?,     .      ,,  ,   m.  John  Adams,      Doc,    13,1722.  (IS) 

39-9  Mercy,  ^  I  ^-  '^^''^  ^'''  ^  ''^-'  m.  Samuel  Dakin.  Dec.    13,  1722.  (l9) 

•10-10  Saiiuiel,       b.  March  2,7, 170r<,  in.  1.  Sarah  I'rescolt,  2.  Dorcas  Piescott.  {•.,;U) 

III  the  nl)Ove  family,  two  sisters  nmrriod  two  brollicrs  by  the  name  of 
Barrett;  two  other  sisters  married  brothers  by  the  name  of  Adams  ;  a 
brother  and  a  sister  married  a  Ijrother  and  sister  by  the  name  of  Lane, 
and  two  were  Ijorn  the  same  day  and  married  the  same  day. 

There  are  few  parents  who  have  so  great  reason  to  be  "  happy  in  a 
virtuous  posterity,"  as  had  these.  One  son  was  a  minister,  another 
was  a  deacon,  and  eight  of  the  grandchikiren  were  deacons  or  married  to 
deacons;  several  were  clergymen  or  married  to  clergymen.  Very  many 
of  the  great-grandchildren  sustained  the  same  ollices,  or  were  otherwise 
distinguished  in  military,  civil,  or  religions  life.  A  large  proportion  of 
those  who  arrived  at  mature  age  jirolesscd  religion;  and  the  succeeding 
and  numerous  families  were  among  the  most  respected,  nseful,  and  in- 
fluential in  the  towns  in  which  they  lived.  Very  many  distii:)guished 
men  descended  from  them;  among  whom  were  Fvev.  .Stephen  and 
Hon.  Timothy  Farrar  of  New  Ipswich,  N.  II.,  liogcr  ]\Iinot  Sherman, 
of  Fairtield,  Ct.,  and  several  eminent  physicians  by  the  name  of  Adams  ; 
and  Hon.  Roger  Sherman,  and  several  other  distinguished  men  of  New 
Haven  married  descendants. 

('J)  HI.  Stephen  Minot  [0—4]  d.  in  Sudbury  street,  Boston.  IIo 
left  a  will,  recorded  in  Suliblk  Ilecord.s  Vol.  XXXI.  p.  S2.  He  was  a 
merchant  and  member  of  Brattle  Street  Church;  married  Mary  Clark, 
dan.  of  Capt.  Christopher  Clark,  Dec.  1,  IC^G.  They  had  ilie  following 
children  ; 

■11 — 1   Rebecca,     b.  Au?.     20,  irs7,   d.  Aui,'.  2'' of  the  same  year. 

•12—2  Stephen,      b.  Oct.      27,  ic^s,  m.  1.  Sarah  Wainwright,  •..'.  IMary  Brown.      (21) 

43—3  John,  b.  Dec.     27,  ir.'.m,   J.  at  Brunswick,  Jan.  11,  17('l. 

41 — 1  M.'hetabel,  b.  Dec.  0,  liVjj_  Avas  engaijed  to  be  married  to  Kichard  Bills, 
when  her  lather  made  his  will. 

■17— J  Lydia,  b.  .M  ly,     1.7,  li'il''),  m,  Joseph  Eaton,     ^^ay]0,  1720;  had  one  dau. 

40— G  Kebecc.n,      b.  Nov.       0,  li.'J7,  m.  Samuel  Miller,   Oct.    S,  17J4. 

47—7   George,        b.  Jan.      21,1700,   d.  Nov.  13,  1702,  of  the  small-po.x. 

4S— S  I'eter,  b.  .Marcli,    1,1702,    d.  Oct.  30,  1702,  of  the  small-po.v. 

49 — 0  Geon,'e,  li.  Jan.  2',',  170-,  in.  Elisabeth  Mooreof  North  Carolina, by  whom 
he  had  a  son  who  d.  in  iiilancy,  and  a  dau.  Sarah  who  m.  Nathaniel  Taylor, 
Escj.,  ati  oHicer  of  the  cusionis  in  Bo-tou,  Mr.  ."\Iinol  d.  Jan.  IN,  17Sj.  He 
was  a  niercliant,  and  owned  the  T  wharf  in  Boston. 

50-10  Christopher,  b.  gr.  at  II.  C.  ]72'i,  was  an  oliic-r  of  the  customs  in  Bos- 

ton until  1770,  when  he  removed  to  Ilalifa.Y,  where  he  d.  unmarried.  May 
12,  I7,si,  a.  77. 

51-11    Peter,        b.  m.         was  drowned  at  Halifax  with  his  wife. 

o-'-lJ  James,      b.  was  .i  inoroh.nit  at  Jamaica  where  he  d.  unmarried. 

(10)  III.  Samuel  Minot  [10— 5j  m.  Hannali  Jones  of  Concord.  He 
d.  younir,  and  his  oidy  son  Jonathan  Minot  was  in  ConcoYil,  in  1707, 
being  then  1 1  years  old,  when  he  chose  bis  uncle  John  Minot  of  Dor- 
chester his  utiardian. 


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1817.]  The  Minot  Familij.  175 

(11)  Til.  James  I\Iinot  [15 — Ij  lived  in  Concord,  where  ho  m.  Re- 
becca Jones,  Feb,  9,  IGsS,  She  was  tlie  dan.  of  John  Junes,  lie  d. 
leaving  one  son,  and  she  in.  for  her  second  hnsband  ("apt.  Joseph 
Bnlkelcy,  March  9,  1(39(),  by  whom  slic  had  several  chihhen.  She  d. 
Jnly  \'2,  1712,  a.  50.  Two  of  her  chihlren,  Rebecca  and  Dorothy,  men- 
tioned below,  were  by  Capt.  Bulkeley,  her  second  husband,  and  arc 
tlierefore  not  numbered  wiili  the  JMinoL  Family,  not  being  (b-scendants. 
That  there  may  be  no  misnnderslandiiig,  their  surname  is  inserted. 

Til— 1  Jonatliuii,  b.  m.  Elisabeth  Stratton,  Jan.    L'o,  171  1.  (ii) 

2  Rebecca  Bulkeley,  b.  Dec.  2r),  li/.""i,  m.  Jos.-pb  Hubbard,      Nov.  10,  171  J. 

3  Dorothy  Bulkeley,  b.  Jan.     7,  liU'.t,  rn.  Sjmiiel  Hunt,  Nov.  11,  171o. 

About  1725  Jonathan  ?iIinot  of  Westford,  (ilien  part  of  Chelmsford,) 
and  Joseph  Hubbard  sold  to  Thomas  Jones  of  Concord,  "tlie  whole  of 
the  right  of  their  mother,  Rebecca  Bulkeley,  deceased  in  Acton,  allowed 
to  tlic  heirs  of  her  father  John  Jones,  and  to  Dorothy  Hunt,  deceased, 
the  former  wife  of  Samuel  Hunt,  owe  of  the  heirs  of  Rebecca  Bulke- 
ley." .losepli  Hubbard  was  the  ancestor  of  most  of  the  name  in  Con- 
cord. 

FULilLTH    Gl':-\LrLATION. 

(12)  IV.  John  INIinot  [20—1]  m.  IMary  Baker  of  Dorchester,  where 
he  lived  as  a  fanner.  She  d.  Feb.  18,  1717.  He  m.  for  his  2nd  wife 
Hannah  Endccott,  Nov.  M,  17 17,  and  d.  soon  after.  His  wife  administered 
on  the  estate,  prized  at  £1221.  He  had  the  following  children  all  by 
his  first  wife  ; 

55—1   Eb'sabeth,  b.  June      C,  liV.19,  d.  young. 

r>o— 2  John,  b.  June     1,1701. 

57—3   Geor-e,      b.  Sept.     7,  170;t,  m.  Alui^ail  Fenno,  Dec.  21,  1721.     (23) 

5S — 1   Mary,  b.  Dec.    10,  17U.5,  d.  in  uilancy. 

S'J— 5  M.iry,  b.  March  H,  17US. 

GO— G  Klisabeih,  b.  Feb.    23,  1711,  m.  Thomas  Wyer,  Jan.  27,  1729. 

(13)  IV.  Capt.  Jose|)h  Barrett,  son  of  Dea.  Humphrey  Barrett,  and  a 
grandson  of  llum[)lirey  Barrett,  who  came  from  Knglaiul  to  Concord  al). 
IGIO,  b.  in  Concord,  .Tan.  ."1,  1073,  m.  Rebecca  Minot  [31  —  1]  Dec.  27, 
1701.  He  was  a  farmer  and  lived  where  Al)el  15.  Haywood  now  [1817] 
lives.  He  d.  April  1,  173'),  a.  5S.  She  d.  June  23,  1733,  a.  53.  Their 
children  were 

Gl— 1   Mary,  b.  April    G,  17nG,  m.  Dca.  Geor^'e  Farrar.     (21) 

C2— 2  Joseph,  b.  Jan.  30,  1708,  ni.  and  settled  in  Grafton,  whore  ho  d.  leaving 

two  (laughters. 

C3— 3  Rebecca,       b.  July  12,1710. 

Gl — 1   l)li\er,  1).  Jan.  12,  1712,  m.  Hannah  Hunt,  Dec.  S,  173S.     (2.'')) 

CO— 5   Humphrey,  h.  Oct.  21,  171.'},  in.  KlliaI.eth  Adams,  Dec. '.t,  1712.     (2i') 

CG—G  Elisabeth,     b.  Jan.  'J,  1  717,  m.  Col.  Charles  I'rescott.     ('^7) 

C7— 7  John,  b.  Feb.  1  I,  1720,  m.  Lois  Brooks,  Nov.  lo,  1711.     f2'<) 

OS- 8  Samuel,         b.  July  S,  1725,  d.  Jan.  172S. 

(14)  IV.  Capt.  lieiijamin  Barrett,  brotlicr  of  the  preceding,  b.  May 
7,  IGSl,  m.  Lydia  Minot  [32 — 2]  Jan.  3,  1705.  He  was  a  farmer,  and 
lived  in  Concord,  where  James  Barrett  now  (1317)  lives,  and  where 
lie  d.  of  the  pleurisy  fever,  Oct.  23,  172^,  a.  17.  His  widow  m.  Samuel 
Stow.     Mr.  Barrett  had  the  following  eiiildrcn; 

GO — 1    T^enjnmin,  b.  Nov.       LI,  1705,  m.  Rebecca  Jones.     (22) 
70 — 2  Tl(Oiuas,    b.  llct.         'J.  1707,  in.  M.iry  Jones.     (3o) 

71— 3  James,  b.July  31,  1  710,  m.  R.-becca  Hubb.ird,  Dec.  21,  1  7;;  ?.  (31) 
72—1  Lydia,  b.  Au^'.  2,  1712,  ni.  Dea.  .S.uie.iel  Farrar,  J:in.  il,  17:!2.  (.Vl) 
73 — 5  Rebecca,   b.  .^Llr(•h    2'.),  1711,  m.  Eln.Uliaa  Jones,  J.m.    31,1732.      She    d. 

Feb.  S,  1733,  without  issue. 


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17G      .  .     Genealogies.  [April, 

71— C  Timotliy,  b.  Jan.  13,  1710,  ni.  wi>lo\v  Dinah  Wilt,  lived  in  Paiton,  was  a 
(loacoii,  haJ  one  dau.,  I'l'ihis,  1).  \W>.  :i,  17,VJ,  who  lu.  Ilhamer  Bii,'elo\¥  of 
Shrewshiuy,  Feb.  pj,  17.VJ,  liad  7  cliildreii.  Mrs.  Barrett  d.  ah.  17.01.  He 
Avas  al'lerwiirds  twice  in.  hut  had  no  other  children.    He  d.  Jan.-l,  IhOO,  a.  h'i. 

75 — 7  Mary,   b.  Dec.  21,  1717,  d.  without  i.ssue. 

70—8  Stephen,  b.  April  18,  17.'0,  m.  Elisabeth  Hubbard,  tlier^  widow  Howe  of  Con- 
cord, and  bettled  in  ra.Kloa.  He  leli  3  sons  and  1  dauj,'hler;  Stephen,  Israel, 
Beiijainiii,  and  Lydia.  The  sons  removed  to  Wlulestown  near  Ltica,  N.  Y., 
all  married  and  liad  faniiliov  The  dau.  rii.  Israel  Stone  of  Portland,  aiid 
went  lo  Ohio.     She  had  a  huge  family. 

(15)  IV.  Rev.  Timothy  I\Iinot  [31  —  1]  gr.  II.  C  17 IS.  m.  1.  :\Tary 
Brook.s,  who  d.  Feb.  15,  17GU,  a.  Gl,  and  "her  name,"  says  the  record 
of  her  death,  "is  like  precious  ointment."  His  2nd  wife  was  widow 
Beuhih  Brown  of  Siidbiiry,  who  d.  April  13,  17S(j,  :>.  'J2.  He  d.  Nov. 
30,  1778,  a,  8G.  A  biographical  notice  of  this  distinguished  man  is  giv- 
en in  Shattuck's  History  of  Concord,  p.  211.  lie  gr.  II.  C.  1718.  His 
children  were 


77—1  Timothy,  b.  April,    8,  1720.  m.  .>fary  Martin.     (33) 
7S— 2  .Mary,        b.  IK'C.    27,1730, 


..      _,,         _., m.  Tillv  Merrick,  July  30,  17r.2.     (34) 

70—3  Stephen,    b.  Jan.     30,  1732,  ^t.  H.  C.  17.J1,  was  ahout  to  settle  as  a  minister  at 
Portland,  but  d.  Sept.  3,  U.Vj,  a.  27. 

(IG)  IV.  Hon.  James  Minot  [35—5]  d.  in  Concord,  Feb.  C,  1759,  a. 
Gl.  He  m.  1.  Martha  Lane  of  Bdlerica,  Nov.  M,  1710.  She  d.  Jan. 
18,  1735,  a.  40.  He  m.  2.  Eli:>abctli  Merrick  of  Brookfield,  in  173G. 
She  d.  Jan.  2G,  17 IG.  He  m.  a  third  wife,  but  her  name  is  not  record- 
ed. The  following  epitaph  is  copied  from  his  gravestone  in  the  "  Hill 
Burying-Ground,"  m  Concord;  and  tradition  awards  to  liim  all  the 
praise  it  jiays  to  his  distinguished  character.  He  held  a  military  com- 
mission thirty  years. 

Here  lye  the  remains  of  Col.  James  Minott 
Esi^'-  who  departed  this  life  Feb.  0,  1709 
in  the  O.'jth  year  of  his  age.     He  was  of 
Hon'.  Descent,  early  impioved  i*  advanced 
in  Civil  and  Military  Aliairs.     Divers  years 
"      ■>  Represented  this  Town  at  the  General  Court 

"  was  a  Justice  of  the  I'eace,  and  one  of  the  Hon. 

His  Majesties  Council  for  many  years,  which 
Ollices  he  Sustained  until  his  death. 
■^,    ,    ■      ;  In  all  which  Stations  and  relations  of  life  he 

behaved  as  the  Chiistian,  the  Patriot,  and  the 
bene\olent  friend,  and  as  he  nierriled  so  he 
was  much  loved  and  honored  in  his  life 
;.  ■  and  Lamented  at  his  death. 

Memento  mori. 
'  From  death's  arrest  no  age  is  free.' 

The  following  were  the  children  of  Hon.  James  Minot,  the  first  three 
by  his  first,  and  the  last  two  by  his  second  wife  ; 

so— 1  John,         b.  Aug.  31,1717,  m.  Sarah  Stow,                  Jan.    2i),  17.11.  (3-5) 

81- 2  Rebecca,   b.  May  15,  1720,  m.  Benjamin  Prescott,      Aug.  12,  1741.  (30) 

82— 3  James,       b.  Jan.    20,  1720,  m.  (37) 

S3 — 1  Martha,     b.  Feb.     1,  173S,  m.  Rev.  Josiah  Sherman,  Jan.    21,  17r.7.  (3S) 

81—5  Kphraim,  b.  June  17,  17  12,  m.  Abigail  Prescott,           Sept.  25,  1701.  [.VJ) 

(17)  IV.  Capt.  Daniel  Adams  lived  in  the  south  part  of  Lincoln, 
then  within  the  limits  of  Concord,  on  the  road  from  Waltham  to  Stow, 
where  he  d.  Feb.  D,  M^Q,  a.  '.H).  He  was  the  son  of  Joscjih,  and 
grandson  of  John  Adams,  one  of  the  eight  sous  of  Henry  of  Ciuiney. 
He  m.  l-:iisal)eth  INIinot,  [3G— G]  April  23,  1715.  She  d.  Nov.  12,  17G1, 
a.  G7.     They  had  the  following  children; 


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1S47.]  The  Minot  Familij.       :•  177 

^5—1    Daniel,       b.  Oct.      1  r;,  17'20.  m.  Kcziah  Brooks  and  two  others.  (10) 

Sii— a  Klisal.cth.b.  Oct.        1,  i:.'-',  m.  Humphrey  Barrett,  Dec.        'J,  1710.     {'A) 

87— :j  Joseph,        h.  Oct.        f.,  17J1,  in.  Mary  Kvcleth  of  Stow, HI-;.     (11) 

SS— t  JJeliecca,  b.  Sept.  2,  17J7,  m.  Nathan  Ilrowri,  Miirch  10,  17  17.  (  fJ) 
8'J— .G  James,  b.  March  1'.',  17:i'J,  rti.  1.  Ki;/iah  Conant— 'J.  Delia  Adams.  [U) 
00— <3   Lydia,  b.  Sept.        1 ,  1 7:).7,  m.  Abel  Miles,  Feb.      2G,  17.7';.     (1-1) 

Kl— 7   Martha,       b.  Ai)iil     i:i,  17:}S,  rii.  Joseph  \Vellin{,'ton,  April       1,1700. 
OJ— S  :^lary,  b.  May      IS,  1730,  m.  1.  Teler  Hubbard— 2.  Capt.  Timothy  Wheeler, 

who  had  Marlha,  m.  Joel  Dix,  who  died  in  Boston  in  1S.'17,  Josejili,  and 
perhaps  others.  He  was  captain  of  the  militia  in  Concord  on  April  IV, 
177,3.     See  Hist,  of  Concord,  p.  1U7. 

These  inJividimls  ImJ  G9  children,  averaging  eight  and  Ave  eigliths 
each. 

(18)  IV.  John  Adams,  a  hrotlior  of  the  above,  hved  near  the  centre 
of  Lincohi,  where  lie  d.  Oct.  'lo,  l72o,  a.  23.  He  wt^s  buried  in  "  lliird 
Burying-Groiind"  in  Concord,  lie  married  Love  Minot,  [3S — &]  sister 
to  his  brother's  wife.     Tliey  had  two  children. 

93—1  John,  b.  Nov.  11,  172^,  m.  Lucy  Hubbard,  Dec.  12,  1710.     (l.".) 
91 — 2  Lucy,  b.  Jan.  23,  1725,  ni.  Kcv.  \Vm.  Lawrence  of  Lincoln.     (4o) 

(19)  IV.  Capt.  Samuel  Dakin  wash,  in  Concord  and  lived  in  Sudbury. 
He  went  as  commander  of  a  military  company,  commissioned  by  Gov- 
ernor Pownall,  and  was  slain  in  a  battle  with  the  French  and  Indians 
at  Half  Way  Brook,  near  Lake  George,  .Tuly  20,  1753.  He  m.  Mercy 
Minot,  [39— 9j  Dec.  13,  1732.     Their  children  were 

95—1    Oliver,        b.  :March  30,  1727. 

90— 2  iSIercy,        b.  Sept.     12,  1722,  d.  young. 

97—3  Samuel,      b.  May      17,  1731. 

9S — 1   Amos,         b.  Jan.       22,1732. 

99— .O  Mercy,        b.  April    24,1733. 
100— (}  Elisabeth,  b.  Aug.       9,  1731. 

101—7   Beulah,      b.  .March  22,  1737,  in.  Thomas  Baker,  Jan.  K'i,  1755. 
102— 8  Timothy,  b.  June       7,1737. 
103— 9  Hannah,     b.  Aug.     2S,  1739. 
101-10   Mary,  b.  Aug.  1711. 

105-11   Samuel,  \  ?  b.  June  21,  1711,  m.  I.  Ann  Wheeler,  2.  Mehetabel . 

lOG-12 


li 


(20)  IV.  Dea.  Samuel  Minot  [10—10]  was  a  deacon  in  the  Con- 
cord church,  where  he  d.  IMarch  17,  17GG.  He  m,  1.  Sarah  Prescott 
of  Westford,  March  7,  1732,  who  d.  in  childbirth,  March  22,  1737,  a. 
21,  having  had  three  children.  He  m.  2.  Dorcas  Prescott,  sister  of  his 
first  wife,  in  173S.  She  d.  June  IG,  1S03,  a.  91.  They  had  the  following 
children  ; 

107—1   Samuel,  b.  Dec.     23,  1732,  m.  Elisabeth  Davis,  lived  in  Boston,  had 

several  children,  all  of  whom  d.  young  except  Joanna. 
lOS— 2  .Jonas,  b.  April    2.5,  1735,  m.  Mary  Hall  of  Westford.     (17) 

109—3  Sarah  Thankful,  b,  March  1,  1737,  m.  Dea.  Ama  Dakin  of  Mason,  N.  H. 
110—4  Dorcas  Prescott,  b.  .March  21,  1739,  m.  Thomas  Barrett,  Jr.,  Jan.  15,  17G1. 
Ill — 5  ileorge,  b.  Oct.  23,  1741,  ni.  three  wives  by  the  name  of  Barrett.     (48) 

112—6   Rebecca,  b.  Jan.     11,  17  1 1,  m.  Charles  Barrett  of  New  Ipswich,  1799. 

113—7   Daniel,  b.  Aug.     29,  17  IS,  d,  Dec.  20,  17,73,  a.  5. 

111—8  Mary,  b.  Oct.        5,  1755,  m.  Elnalhan  Jones. 

(21)  IV.  Stephen  I\Iinot  [12—2]  lived  in  Boston.  He  m.  for  his 
first  wife  Sarah,  eldest  daughter  of  Col.  Francis  Wainwright.  They 
lived  together  ten  months,  when  she  d.,  Oct.  21,  1711,  in  cliildbirth, 
leaving  one  child,  Steplicn.  He  m.  for  Ins  second  wife,  I\Iary,  daugh- 
ter of  Capt.  John  Brown  of  JMarblchead,  Jan.  1,  1713.  They  had  the 
following  children; 


.N\\V,\vi\\     V'''  '*', 


-■■■'.'"    V.I  '-•.■' 

1.    i'''.  (<  ■   \- 


■     .:;:    ,V:'.       ■  ^-     ?^::.     .l-i   :-.      •    >\     r:    :;r         .M--'   :•■  r'    ,l.ri     ' 

•  t: 


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173  .      JDiog-raphical  Nuliccs  of  [April; 

lin— 1   Stephen,      1).  Sopt.  21,  1711,  m.  S.nuh  Claik,  June  10,  17M.     ()',') 

lit;— -2  Joiiii,  b.  ni-',  (1.  in  inr.iiK.-y. 

117 — .'J  John,  b.  1711,  d.  in  infuncy.  ■• 

lis— t  John,  b.  1711',. 

110— r,  iMary,  b.  Jfay   2S,  1718.      .  -■    ■       .      . 

120—0  'William,      b.  17-20. 

121—7   Klisaheth,  b.  June,         17-J2. 

IJJ— S  Mehctaliel.b.  1721.  m.  "Walter  Logan,  Esq.,  an  oiru-er  of  the  Cus- 

toms of  Boston.     He  d.  in  Glas^'ow  in  Scotland,  Nov.  10,  ITSS. 

123—0  Jane,  b.  Sept.  11,  1720,  m.  Capt.  Nathaniel  Williams  of  Uoxbury.     He 

(1.  1771.  They  lu\d  one  cliihl,  who  d.  in  infancy.  She  m.  ajjuin  Elisha 
lirewster,  merchant  of  Middleton,  Ct.,  in  177b. 

121-10   George,       b.  172^,  d.  in  infancy. 

r2.>-ll  Geor-e,   b.        1730,  gr.  H.  C.  in  17G2. 

12G-12  Sarah,    b.        1732. 

(22)  IV.  Jonathan  Minot  [51 — 1]  lived  in  Westforcl,  where  he  d. 
He  m.  Eli.sabcth  Stratton  of  Concord,  Jan.  2G,  1711,  by  whom  he  had 
cliildren. 

127— 1   Samuel,      b.  Sept.  10,  1711,  m.  Elisabeth . 

12S— 2  Elisabeth,  b.  Jan.    30,1717.  .  .    ■ 

IJO— 3   Rebecca,     b.  April   -,  1719. 

130 — 1  Jonathan,  b.  Jan.    10,  1723,  m.  Esther  Proctor  of  Chelmsford.     (5u) 

131—5   Anna,  b.  Sept.  13,  1725. 

132— G  Jolin,  b.  Dec.  lo,  173U. 

(To  be  coniiiiLied.) 


BIOGRAPHICAL   NOTICES    OF    DECEASED    rilYSICIANS 
IN  MASSACHUSETTS. 

B  Y     E  B  E  N  E  Z  E  It,     A  L  D  E  N  ,    M  .    D  .  ■  ■  '  ■  • 

(Cuiiliuued  from  page  01.) 
IV.— DR.  IIENIIY  WELLS  OF  MONTAGUE. 

Few  phy^^ieia^s  have  enjoyed  a  more  enviable  reputation  than 
the  subject  of  thi.s  Notice,  lie  was  the  personal  friend  of  Professor 
Nathan  Smith  of  Dartmouth  College,  who  was  accu.-tomed  to 
speak  of  him  in  terms  of  the  highest  respect,  and  not  unlrequently 
to  allude,  in  his  lectures,  to  his  medical  opinions  and  modes  of 
practice. 

Although  Dr.  Wells  was  in  the  habit  of  keeping  a  record  of  his 
more  imi)ortant  cases,  and  of  his  views  on  medical  subjects,  he 
published  but  little,  and  his  papers  having  become  by  an  unlortunate  _ 
accident  a  prey  to  the  devouring  element,  materials  are  wanting 
from  which  to  prepare  a  notice  adapted  to  do  full  justice  to  his 
merits. 

Soon  after  his  death,  Hev.  Samuel  Willard,  D.  D.,  of  Deerfield, 
published  in  the  Franklin  Herald  a  brief  but  very  just  obituary 
notice  of  him;  and  more  recently  Dr.  AVilliams  has  prepared  a 
memoir,  which  has  been  transferred  to  his  Medical  Biography, 
from  his  address  before  the  IMassachusetls  Medical  Society. 

From  these  sources  principally,  the  following  facls  have  been 
obtained. 


'i\:  •  I    '  :[f: .'        ,.  :  r.  ■ 


>i..-  :''\:  i 


1S47.]  Deceased  P/tijsu-ians  in  Massachusetts.  179 

Dr.  Wells  was  born  i.i  New  York,  in  171:?;  studied  medicine 
partly  under  the  direction  of  1>.  ITuU  at  T.cbanon,  Ct.,  and  eorn- 
pletedhis  niedical  studies  in  New  York,  luivin-  made  Iiim.^elf  well 
acquainted  with  medical  science. 

At  •he  age  of  twenty-one,  he  commenced  the  practice  of  his 
prolession  m  New  York,  an<l  according  to  the  custom  ol'  that  day, 
had  under  his  charge  an  apothecary's  shop.  After  a  short  re/i! 
dcnce  there,  he  removed  to  Hrallleborough,  Vt.,  where  he  continued 
eigiitccn  years,  and  acquired  an  extensive  practice  and  hi'^h  renu- 
tation.  ^  -^        ^ 

In  the  year  17S2  he  removed  to  Arontague,  with  a  view  of  ob- 
lammg  a  more  central  situation  as  to  his  business,  aud,  perhaps,  to 
dimmisji  somewhat  his  labors  in  advanein<-  life. 

In  17S5   he  was  elected  a  Fellow  of  the   Massachusetts  IMedical 
Society;  and   Dr.   Williams   stales,  that  in   lS0t3  he   received  the 
honorary  degree  of  M  ]).  from  Dartmouth  College,  which  may  be 
a  mistake,  as  his  name  does  not  appear  in  the  Triennial  Catalo-ue. 
hi  his  profession,  Dr.  ^Vells  attained  the  most  distinguished  rmik. 
ills   natural   powers   were    good;    his   medical    reading  extensive 
and  judicious;  his  application  methodieal   and  patient.     His  emi- 
ncnt  skill,   however,  in   the   management  of  disease,  was  derived 
c  uelly  from  his  own  observation  and   experience.     Possessing  a 
clear  and  discriminating  mind  and  an  accurate  judgment,  his  inac- 
tical   deductions  were   remarkaljlv  just.     In  dilllcult  cases,  his  ad- 
vice was   inueh   sought   and   highly  appreciated.     Punctual  in   his 
protessional  engagements,  courteous  in  his   manners,  modest  and 
unassuming  m   his  intercourse  with    his   medical  brethren,  he  was 
highly  respecteil  by  the  i)rofessiou  and  the  public. 
^    As   a  man,  he  was  much   beloved.     He  professed  a  firm  l)elief 
m  the  gospel,  and  was  much  attaclicd   to   the  moral   and   reli'^ious 
institutions  of  his  country.     He  was  a  pattern   of  temperance^  his 
g<meraj  influence  was  salutary;  and  his  example  such  as  might  be 
salely  imitated.  ^ 

He  was  a  kind  husband  and  father.  He  was  not  exempt  from 
domestic  aflliction,  three  of  his  children  being  deaf  mutes 

In  thehuier  years  of  his  life,  he  sulFered  much  from  disease, 
w  ueti  lie  bore  with  exemplary  resignation,  and,  havin-  ixissed  the 
allotted  period  of  human  life,  died  August  2-J,  1S14,  at  the  a<^e  of 
/^;  leaving  behind  him  that  l>viu/  mime  which  is  belter  than'^pre- 
ciuus  ouitmettt. 

v.- Dr..  GIMDLEY  TIIAXTKR  OF  ABINGTON. 

lie  was  a  native  of  Ilingham;  born  in  17 ".G ;  studied  medicine 
with  his  brother,  Dr.  Thomas  Thaxter  of  Tlin-ham  ;  and  was  a 
surgeon  on  board  some  armed  vessels  during  the  J^-volutionary 
war.  ^  •' 

About  the  year  17S0,  he  settled  in  Al.in-ion,  and  as  a  nhv--^ieian 
ior  more  than  half  a  century  enjoyed  a'v.ry  extensive  praeliee. 
iic  probably  rode  more  miles,  and  visited  moiv  paiimls,  than  any 
olhjr  physician  who  ever  resided  in  the  couniv  of  Plvmouth 


i.vi^r 


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I      I'J  r;i. 


ISO  Biographical  Notices  of  [April, 

lie  rctiiiiied  his  faciillii'S  in  very  vigorous  exercise  until  within 
a  few  years  of  his  ik'uth,  wiien  he  became  sui)cranniiatcil,  and 
sufU'red  under  alienation  of  inind,  probably  in  con.sctpience  of 
bodily  injury  occasioned  l)y  a  fall. 

lie  was  remarkable  for  his  iron  constitution  and  power  of  en- 
durance. He  rarely  used  a  carriage  in  making  his  professional 
visits,  preferring  to  ride  on  liorseback  as  long  as  he  was  able  to 
attend  to  business. 

In  his  hal)its  lie  was  frugal  and  temperate,  never  using  distilled 
rujuors,  not  merely  from  choice,  but  from  necessity,  they  being  ex- 
tremely olTensive  and  odious  to  him. 

lie  was  much  beloved  by  his  j)atients;  was  an  estimable  citizen, 
and  worthy  man.  Ilis  j)rofessional  charges  were  moderate,  espec- 
ially for  attendance  on  persons  in  straitened  circumstances. 

He  was  a  ])leasant  companion  ;  a  kind  father,  ami  last  friend. 

His  iirst  wife  was  the  daughter  of  Gen.  Benjamin  Lincoln  of 
Hingham,  by  whom  he  had  a  numerous  family. 

Kzekiel  Thaxter,  .M.  D.,  (H.  C,  1^12,)  now  resident  in  Abington, 
is  his  son. 

He  died  Feb.  10,  18-13,  aged  SO. 

VI.— DR.  EZEKIEL  1J0DG1-:  CUSIIING,  OF  IIANOVEK. 

Dr.  Gushing,  a  classmate  and  personal  friend  of  the  writer,  was 
descended  from 

1.  Mathew  Gushing,  a  son  of  Peter  Gushing  of  Norfolk,  Eng., 
who  was  born  in  15SS,  and  in  IGoS  came  to  Boston,  in  the  sliip 
Hiligent,  with  his  wife  and  five  children;  namely,  Daniel,  Jeremiah, 
Matthew,  Deborah,  and  John'.  Tli(;y  settled  at  Hingham  in  the 
autumn  of  that  year.  Matthew  Gushing  died  at  Hingham  in 
IGGO ;  his  widow  survived  to  16S1,  aged  OG. 

2.  John  Gushing^  was  born  in  England,  in  1G27,  married  Sarah, 
daughter  of  Nieliolas  Jacolj,  and  settled  in  Seituate.  He  \\'as  many 
years  a  deputy  in  the  Golony  Court,  and  Representative  to  the  Gourt 
at  l^oston  afli'r  the  Golonies  were  united,  in  lG9'-2  and  several  suc- 
ceeding years.     He  died  170^,  and  his  wife  in  1G78. 

3.  John  Gushing\  son  of  the  above,  was  born  1G62,  and  died 
1737.  He  was  Ghief-Justiee  of  the  Inferior  Court  of  Plymouth, 
from  1710  to  17:28  ;  and  Judge  of  the  Supreme  Court,  from  1728 
to  the  time  of  his  decease.  John  Cotton  says,  "  he  was  the  life  and 
soul  of  the  Court."  He  married  Deborah  I^oring  of  Hull,  in  1G87, 
who  died  1713.  Their  cliildren  were  Sarah,  Deborah,  John,  Elijah\ 
Mary,  Na/areth,  Bt^ijamin,  Nathaniel. 

4.  Elijah  Gushing',  settled  in  Pembroke,  and  married  Elisabeth 
Barker,  1721.  They  iiad  sons,  Elijah,  Nalhnnicl',  Joseph,  (H.  G., 
175'2,)  and  daughters,  Mary,  wife  of  Gen.  Henjamin  Lincoln,  Debo- 
rali,  wife  of  lli-v.  Dr.  Simle,  and  I'ilisabelh,  wife  of  Major  Gush- 
ing, all  of  Hingham. 

a.  Nathaniel  Gushing'  had  sons,  Na/haniel'^,  Benjamin,  and 
Charles. 


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1847.]  Deceased  Phi/sicians  in  Massachusetts.  181 

6.  Xatlmniol  Cashing^,  Esq.,  father  of  the  subject  of  this  Notice 
resided  at   Pembroke,   now   Hanson;  married    Mary,   dan^hler   of 
Kev.  KzekicI  Dodge   of  Abington,  who   graduated  at   IT   C    17-49 
and  died   1770,   aged   4^.     'J'heir  children   were   Ezckiel  jjod^r/ 
.Alehelabel,  Lucy,  Creorge,  and  J>:iijah.  '"    ' 

7.  E/ekiel  Dodge  Gushing',  was  born  in  1700;  graduated  at 
Harvard  LniversHy,  in  1  SOS  ;  commenced  the  study  of  medicine 
under  the  tuition  of  Dr.  CJad  Hitchcock,  of  his  naliVe  town  ;  and 
alter  one  year,  became  a  pupil  of  Dr.  Nathan  Smith,  Professor  in 
the  Medical  School  of  Dartmouth  College,  where  he  received  the 
degree  of  Bachelor  in  Medicine,  in  l!^!!. 

Jlis  education  Avas  extended  by  attendance  on  the  IJo-^pitala 
and  Lectures  in  i'hiladelphia.  He  then  visited  London  and  Paris- 
HI  the  former  city,  acting  as  a  dresser  in  St.  Thomas'  HospiiaL 
Nv  ule  atlendmg  the  Lectures  of  Abernelhy,  Sir  Astley  Cooper,  and 
others;  and  m  the  latter,  was  present  when  it  was  occupied  by  the 
allies,  witnessing  daily  in  the  crowded  hosj)iials  a  most  extensive 
surgical  jiractice. 

Thus  I'urnished  for  the  practical  duties  of  his  profession,  he  re- 
turned to  his  native  country  and  settled  in  l^oston,  where' he  ac- 
quired the  reputation  of  an  able  and  successful  physician  and  ob- 
tained a  respectable  circle  of  business. 

Alter  a  few  years,  jjcrhaps  being  loo  impatient  "  to  bide  his  time," 
ano  desirous  ot  jjursuing  a  more  active  life,  he  removed  to  Hano- 
ver, where  his  services  were  much  sought,  and  highly  appreciated 
in  a  widely  extended  circle.  He  was .  lre(p,eiitly  called  to  advise 
with  his  prolessional  brethren  in  cases  of  diJlicully,  and  to  them  as 
^vel  as  to  his  employers,  his  opinions  gave  great  satisfaction.  It 
could  not  well  be  otherwise,  for  he  possessed  eminent  skill  and 
tact  m  his  profession,  and  with  it  that  urbanity  and  kindness  of 
manner,  which  secured  the  confidence  of  all  with  whom  he  had 
intercourse. 

Just  as  his  reputation  had  l^ecome  established,  and  when  his 
prospects  for  long  life  and  extended  usefulness  appeared  most  fair, 
he  was  smitten  with  disease,  appearing  first  in  the  form  of  an 
epileptic  aflection,  and  then  of  partial  paralysis,  which  issued  in  an 
entire  loss  ol  tone  m  the  digestive  organs,  and  ultimately  termi- 
nated m  his  death,  on  the  fifth  of  April,  1S:2S,  at  the  age  of  ''^^^S. 

Thus  died  an  amiable  man  and  accomplished  phpician.  Pos- 
sessing naturally  a  vigorous  constitution,  he  probabl'y  in  early  life 
exposed  himself  to  unnecessary  dangers;  and  when  disease 
lastcned  upon  Imn  its  iron  grasp,  relying  too  much  on  his  lormer 
experience  he  filled  to  exercise  that  care  in  his  own  case,  which 
he  would  have  recommended  to  others  in  like  circum-^tance<  His 
memory  will  be  cherished  by  all  who  knew  him,  and  his  virtues 
may  well  be  emulated  by  every  aspirant  to  hcne.t  fame,  in  the 
profession  ol  which  he  was  an  ornament. 

He   married    Delia   Sawyer,  daughter   of  Cap!. Sawyer  of 

Loslon,  and  left  seven  chiKhvn  ;    all  of   whom,  except  twJ   who 


Vv.:^»>;  it.    \'.\   ^i^^,: 


'.TIP 


■K:i   ;r.:i   i'yn 


;  f  V-  <■  ,  ' 


I, Hi     '•    v.;<,li"--'t  '     !' 


ifi'    Mi  /.    ,  .  ;'  j: 


-   '')■•■  ■  ■■  -'■ ' 


■.iV  •-  r.iiv.  ,     v 


-  r  :     •  .     J  , : 


'•.J    1.,.',;    ,M  i'  '.-!] 


1S:2  ,,;'  (  ,.  Sketches  of  AIi(mni  "  [April, 

died  young,  Avidi  their  widowed  mcjlln'r  .'^urvive  to  inourii  his  early 
dealh'. 

Tho  following  lines  of  his  I-lpitaph,  wrillcn  by  one  who  knew 
him  well,  are  remarkably  just. 

"  Where'er  the  scones  of  woe  ^vere  laid, 

His  iiu-seiici;  hrightencd  hope  and  health  ; 
•  •"'■   '      '■  '^  Enou!,'h  for  him  that  duty  liade, 

Without  the  li)w  of  sordid  wealth." 

See  Ili.-tory  of  Seituate,  and  a  Dissertation  of  Cleorge  C.  Shat- 
tuclc,  M.  !).,  in  the  Communieations  of  the  JMassachusetts  Medical 
h^ueietv,  ^  ol.  IV. 


SKETCHES  OF  ALUMNI  AT  THE  DIFFERENT  COLLEGES 
\  .  ,       IN  NE\V  ENGLAND. 

"     '  •  REV.  ETHAN  SMITH  OF  BOYLSTON,  MS.  "    , 

Ethax  S.mitu  was  born  in  Jjelchcrtown,  jMs.,  Dec.  19,  17C2, 
and  while  young,  was  a  soldier  for  one  summer  in  the  Revolution' 
ary  war,  and  was  at  West  Point  wdien  the  traitor  Arnold  sold  tha! 
fortress  to  the  Dritish.  Having  attended  to  the  preparatory  studieg, 
he  entered  Dartmouth  College  in  17SG,  and  graduated  in  1790. 
Soon  after  taking  his  degree,  Mr.  Smith  was  licensed  to  ])reaeh, 
and  spent  the  first  Sabbath  of  October,  1790,  at  ITaverhill,  N.  II., 
where  he  was  lirst  settled  in  the  ministry.  In  about  a  year  from 
that  time,  he  was  married  to  Bathsheba  Sandford,  second  daughter 
of  Ilev.  David  Sandford,  of  INIedway,  ]Ms.  lie  remained  at  Haver- 
hill nine  years,  and  was  then  dismissed  for  want  of  support.  lie 
was  installed  in  the  ministry  at  Ilopkinton,  N.  H.,  Alarch  12, 
ISOO,  and  continued  there  about  eighteen  years,  during  sixteen  of 
which  he  was  Secretary  of  the  New  llanipshire  jNIissionary  Society. 
He  was  afterwards  settled  at  Hebron,  N.  Y.,  about  four  years ;  at 
Poultney,  Vt.,  about  five  years;  at  Hanover,  Ms.,  a  number  of 
years;  and  then  spent  a  season  as  a  city  missionary  in  I^oston 
Occasionally,  he  has  since  preached  as  a  supply,  but  has  now  retir- 
ed I'roni  the  labors  of  the  ministry,  and  resides  wdth  liis  children. 
Mr.  Smith  has  always  been  a  laborious,  and,  in  many  respects,  a 
very  successful  minister  of  Christ.  His  ])ublications  are  as  fol- 
lows ;  namely,  1.  A  Dissertation  on  the  Prophecies,  2  editions;  2. 
A  View  of  the  Trinity,  2  editions;  3.  A  View'  of  the  Hebrews, 
2  editions;  4.  Lectures  on  the  Subjects  and  ^lode  of  ]>aptism,  2 
editions;  5.  A  Key  to  the  Figurative  Language  of  the  Bible;  G. 
Memoirs  of  Mrs.  Abigail  Bailey;  7.  A  Key  to  the  Revelation,  2 
editions  ;  8.  Prophetic  Oitechism  ;  9.  Two  Sermons  on  Ispiscopa- 
cy;  10.  P'arewell  Sermon  at  Haverhill,  N.  H. ;  11.  P'irst  Sermon 
after  Installation  at  Ilopkinton  ;  12.  Two  Sermons  on  the  Vain 
Excuses  of  Sinners,  preached  at  AVashington,  N.  II.;  13.  Sermon 
on  the  IMoral   Perfection  of  CJod,  preached   at  Ncwburyport,  Ms.; 


T'.'.l  i'<  .r: 


:    v..  ./  ■,  !.: 


. '    'ii 


;       ''■ 


■      i     :!.:!'■  /v       '--(J/.    '   .^    rT-j' ;  i '  ■'^/^ 


V!     !,::v;l' 


1S17.J  at  the  <UjJ-crcnt   CoUe^rs  in  Nnr  rni^hnul  '   163 

tion  of   Rev.  llarvoy  Smith,  at   Wevb;.id^:  v;;""^  '' ''''  '''''''■ 

namely,  JosepI,   Srniih  removed  IVom  Weihcrsfield    Tt     ,    7r  V 
lev,  Ms.,   about  file   year   I(;-,0      ir.  )     V  ^"'"^•-"^'^l'   '-''•)  ''^   Jiad- 

SKI,  d:,„j,„;,  .„  „.,',.■,';;,;,;;;;„;■,■:;  Si;;;;,;t.:" ,;,;;;; 

by  her  six  sons  and  three  daiKdii...-^      U  .  ^  ^'^'  '-^'^^'^  ^i.,  antl  had 

1?..,.    'PI        1-1        -)^-'M ''^iiiiLr  oi   Jie\.  Asa  r>mi  h  of  Vn-"- n  a   nurl 
Ke\.    Iheopluha.s    Smith  of  New  C'anaan    Ct  •  ^;i.;i       v       V    , 

we  o    Rev  p'lt'lT'  "^    Leominster,  Ms,  and  of  Miranda 
^,1^,"'  itcv  1    Jjelden  oi   Amherst,  Ms.;  William  and  To^iih  • 

mIv  2(3,  18^7     -^'^^''■^"«'''  '^^^'^'-^^  «J'^^  ^Hed,  at  the  ago  of  101  years, 

T?nS'".'  "'?  ''^'•'^^"''^^  ^"1>i^^^-t  of  this  Sketeh,  married,  as  <latcd 
Bath.heba_,  daug  ter  ol  the  late  Rev.  David   Sanford  o    Medwa   ' 

o  Kinion,  JNUI    -ladnatedal  Union  Colle-e,  and  is   now  nasfor 

^  f^  of  S^^^r^M  "'  in    Mas.il,on,   Ohio;   (.raee   Tickle h!^ 

01  Ivcv.Job  Jl.  Marlm,diedin   Jlaverhill,  IMs.,  1^10;   Sarah 


'...  '    )Mm       •;;:■; 


r.  ■•.(.      .-J     -ij;.    , 


:.;:■;.    ...-i    [■.'■")    v.     it..-.'.'./:;  ;i 
:   .,  .ii'^     -''i      -■'[    >.    -^  ; 


u-fl<U. 


,     'I 


.;.    i 


.i; 


.,■....:.  li    :    '  '.  '-     ■'■i"  .i.iJ'  ■•■.  >  /'' 


18-1  ,         Shctchcs  of  Alnmni     >.  [April, 

Tt)\vnc,  2n(l  wife  of  Rev.  J.  II.  Martin  of  New  York;  Harriet, 
wife  of  Rev,  ^V'illianl  H.  Saiiford  of  IJoylstoii,  Ms.;  and  I'^IIcn, 
wife  of  C.   B.   Scdi^'cwick,  Iv^tj.,  of  SyracuHC,  died  May  X?3,  IblG, 

The  wife  of  Mr.  Smith  died  in  Pornpey,  N.  Y.,  April  5,  1835, 
aged  G 1 ;  he  is  still  living. 

REV.  ASA  ]IA\D  OF  PETERISOROUGII,  N.  Y. 

Asa  Raxd  was  born  at  Rindge,  N.  II.,  August  6, 17S3,  being  the 
youngest  son  and  ninth  child  of  Col.  Daniel  and  Mrs.  Susanna 
Rand.  Daniel  Rand  was  the  eldest  son  of  Solomon  Rand,  of 
Shrewsbury,  Ms.,  who  married  a  daughter  of  the  Rev.  Mr.  Dodge  of 
Abington,  Ms.  Solomon's  father  also  resided  in  Slirewsburv,  and 
married  a  daughter  of  Capt.  Keyes  of  that  place  ;  who,  in  the  early 
settlement  of  the  town,  lost  his  unfinished  house  by  fire,  when  his 
two  sons,  a  hired  man,  and  a  journeyman  joiner  perished  in  the 
/lames.  INIrs.  Susanna  Rand  was  the  only  daughter  of  Daniel 
Hemmenway,  also  of  Shrewsbury.  Col.  Rand  was  one  of  the 
early  settlers  of  the  town  of  Rindge,  where  he  ever  resided  after 
his  marriage,  in  17(37.  He  died  in  ISll,  aged  69.  The  ancestors 
of  both  the  parents  of  the  suljject  of  this  Sketch,  it  is  believed,  were 
emigrants  from  England  ;  but  their  genealogy  we  can  trace  no  far- 
ther back  with  certainly. 

After  enjoying  the  usual  advantages  of  a  common  school,  IMr. 
Rand  prepared  for  college  princij)ally  at  Chesterfield  Academy, 
New  Hampshire,  under  the  instruction  of  Hon.  Levi  Jackson.  He 
entered  the  Sophomore  Class  in  September,  1S03,  and  was  gradu- 
ated at  Dartmouth  College,  in  1S06.  After  leaving  college,  he 
taught  the  children  of  the  Hon.  Elijah  Paine  and  a  few  others,  at 
Williamslown,  Vt.,  about  nine  months ;  studied  theology  with 
Rev.  Dr.  Burton  of  Thetford,  seven  months  ;  and  in  January,  I'^OS, 
received  the  ajiprobaiion  of  an  association  as  a  preacher  of  the  gospel. 

He  preached  several  months  in  ISO*^  to  the  Congregational 
church  and  society  in  Clorham,  Me.,  which  were  in  a  state  of  seri- 
ous and  alarming  division.  Having  received  a  unanimous  invita- 
tion from  both,  he  was  ordained  their  minister  Jan.  18, 1809;  where 
he  was  favored  with  a  prosperous  and  happy  ministry  during 
thirteen  years.  His  health,  however,  was  precarious  for  the  greater 
part  of  th;it  time,  and  in  June,  18:22,  he  resigned  the  charge  of  an 
aflectionate  and  united  people  to  a  successor,  believing  thai  his 
work  as  a  public  speaker  was  done. 

In  August,  1822,  he  took  the  editorial  charge  of  the  Christian 
Mirror,  on  its  first  establishment  at  Portland,  Me.,  Mr.  Arthur  Shirley 
being  proprietor  and  publisher.  In  July,  1825,  finding  his  health 
still  sulfering  on  the  sea-coast,  he  removed  to  the  interior  of  Massa- 
chusetts, and  took  charge  of  the  new  Female  Seminary  at  Brook- 
field. 

In  July,  182G,  he  succeeded  Gerard  Halloek,  as  co-editor  and  co- 
proprietor  with  Nathaniel  Willis,  of  the  Boston  Recorder ;  Dea. 
Willis  having  the  charge  of  the  printing  and  publishing,  and  Mr. 


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•'■■;•      ,  \w  -?■-/:;■•■.(     ■  i.!M,.i  j   ',     'j;  :;^')  /■ 

■'*   '"      •    f/i-'^'!!'!  :»^'..  ;  ■•:ij  fe,i  ';i>  ,■f;.^i•!iI/ 
.  :       ,  ;'-!w<it.-  (H-'-,  no?'!'  -vo-"^  ;.^ji-,; 


,.■1    ;■;:):    :;:!.!■;  ■■•       "'     ti  -     '\-";ti  . 


.h!.n) 

:     /J,;',    l.l 


1S17.]  at  Ihc  (Viffrrcnt   Cul/ro-rs  In  Xcv:  Kiiishnid.  185 

Rand  of  the  cdilorial  dejiartinonl.  He  was  al.-o  aclin^-ccliior  of 
tlic  Youth's  Companion  aiitl  lAliicaiioti  Rcjjorlcr,  ]nihli.^hr(]  by  the 
same  company  ;  each  hcini,^  the  earliest  jiaper  of  its  kiiKl  c-tab- 
lished  in  the  cunnlry.  On  leaving  the  Recorrier,  in  l"^"]!,  .ATr.  i^and 
continued  the  Reporter  till  it  was  transferred  to  AVilliam  C.  Wood- 
bridge  and  united  with  the  Amuils  of  Education.  lie  was  also 
publisher  and  ])rin(lpal  c-(.)nduct()r  of  the  Voliuiteer,  a  njonthly 
religious  rnaga/inc;  ;  wliieh,  at  the  end  of  two  years,  was  unitetl 
with  the  I'jvangeliea!  Maga/iue,  at  Hartford,  Ct. 

In  Ai)ril,  l^'So,  Mr.  Rand  removed  to  Lowell  ;  where  lie  had  a 
connection  with  a  bookstore  and  [)riniing  olllce,  and  the  publication 
of  the  Lowell  Obsi'rver,  a  weikly  reliifions  pajier,  which  was  sub- 
se(pienily  translerred  to  ]Mr.  Rorl'/r.  publishi-r  of  the  N.  E.  Spe<-tator 
at  Roston. 

On  the  restoration  of  his  health,  lie  returned  in  I'^O-J  to  his  chos- 
en em[)loyment  of  public  preac-hing.  JL-  lectured  in  tlie  employ- 
ment of  anti-slavery  soc-ioties  in  Cumlierland  county,  Maiiie,  and 
the  eoiuilies  of  ITam[)sh;re  and  Hampden,  Massaehus^'tts.  From 
September,  l^'o?,  h.e  minister(nl  lo  tl;e  Congregational  church  iu 
Pompey,  N.  Y.,  five  years;  and  is  now  preaching  to  the  Presbyte- 
rian church  in  Peterboro,  Madison  Co.,  N.  Y. 

Mr.  Rand  was  married  in  November,  IS  13,  to  Grata  Payson, 
eldest  daughter  of  Rev.  Seth  Payson,  1).  D.,  of  Rindge ;  who  died 
suddenly  at  Gorliam,  April  :29,  iSiS,  Feb.  S,  1S:20,  he  was  married 
to  Clarissa  Thorndike,  daughtc-r  of  Nicholas  Thorndike,  Esq.,  of 
Beverly,  Ms.;  who  died  at  Portland,  July  7,  i'^'Z').  July  G,  1826, 
he  married  Mary  Coolidge.  widow  of  Elisha  Coolidge,  merchant, 
of  Roslon,  and  daughter  of  Rev.  John  Cushing.  1).  1).,  of  Ash- 
burnham,  Ms.  His  third  wife  is  still  living ;  also  her  only  son  by 
her  first  luisbtuid,  Elislia  T.  Coolidge,  of  Cincinnati,  O. 

The  cliildren  of  Mr.  Rand's  first  wife  were  three;  namely,  a  son, 
wlio  died  on  the  day  of  his  birth  ;  Harriet  Newell,  wIk)  unil(>d  with 
the  church  in  Lowell,  was  principal  of  the  femalo  department  iu 
Pompey  Academy  several  years,  became,  in  .January,  l^>-il,  the  sec- 
ond wile  of  Rev.  Russell  S.  Cook,  one  of  the  Secretaries  ol  the  Am. 
Tract  Society  at  New  York,  and  died  suddenly  in  February,  1643 ; 
William  Wilberloree,  who  was  educated  at  the  Pablic  Latin 
School  in  lioston,  Rowdoin  College,  and  Bangor  Theological 
Seminary.  He  was  four  years  jiastor  of  the  Reformed  Dutch 
Church  at  Canastota,  Madison  Co.,  N.  Y.,  and  is  now  preaching 
in  jNIaine.  He  married  l\Irn-cia  S.  Dunning,  of  Brunswick,  Me. ; 
of  whom,  with  her  two  children,  it  has  pleased  God  to  i)ereave  him. 

By  his  second  wife  Mr.  Rand  had  also  three  children,  who  are 
all  living.  'J'horndike  is  a  clerk  in  the  Sull'olk  bank,  Iioston,  and 
married  Hannah  P.  Nourse  of  Beverly.  Charles  Asa  is  clerk  in  a 
book'store  at  St.  Louis,  ^lo.  Anna  'J'horndike  is  the  wife  of  John 
F.  Noiu'se,  l^rineipal  of  Beverly  Academy. 

While  Mr.  Kand  resid<'d  ;u  (iorliam.  a  (|narterly  religions  Maga- 
x/uk;  was  published  at   Torlland.  ol  wiru  h  David  'J'hurston,  J-lihvard 
J2 


7.    v>.. 


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ISO  .:'    .' ■  SJaldK.'i  (if  Ahimni  '        [April, 

Pay-^oii,  Asa  Rand,  anil  Fianci-  Drown  were  joint  couckiclors.  In 
the  "(lav  of  small  lllini^•^ ''  ainoii^^  llic  clmrchr.-,  of  .Maine,  it  did 
good.      It  was  ])nl)lislicd  li\-c  ycai's,  I'rom  l^^l  I  to  J'^J.^,  influ:<ive. 

'J'lic  ])iil)licaiions  of  Mr.  Hand  arc,  a  Sermon  \o  Children  ;  a  Scr- 
!non  at  ilie  ()r(lination  o!'  Pu-v.  I'^raneis  ]5i-own  at  X(*rlh  Yarnionlii, 
Jan.  II,  HIO;  a  Sermon  hefore  the  Maine  Missionary  Society,  1S15 ; 
two  Sermons  on  C'lirisiian  Fellowshij) ;  "  A  AVord  in  Season  in 
l)cliall"  of  the  Holy  Scriptnri.'s,"  (reviewing  Ci,nala'r  i)rinciples  ;)  a 
pamphlet  on  the  Controversies  in  the  V\x~\  Church  of  North  Yar- 
monlh  :  a  volume  entitled  "  h'amiliar  Sermons"';  a  review  of  l-'in- 
ney's  Sta'mon  on  making  a  New  Ih'art,  enlitled  '•  New  l)ivinity 
tried":  a  ''  ^'indication  of  the  same,  in  rejjly  to  .Rev.  Dr.  Wisncr"; 
and  a  "  JjCtier  to  Plcv.  Dr.  Bei'cher,  in  relation  to  his  ministerial 
ourse  in  Poslon."       .:       •  •       ■ 

..      ■  .       ;  HON.    OLIVER   Wr;XJ)I:;LI.    01'^   BO.STON. 

Omvki{  Wkxdki.i.  was  born  in  Jxiston,  March  O,  1731},  [N.  S.] 
His  father,  lion.  .Jacol)  ^Vendell,  was  born  in  Albany  in  IGOl,  and 
was  a  descendant  of  the  fust  of  the  name  and  family  in  An:ierica, 
that  has  been  transuiitted  to  us.  levari  Janson  ^^'endell  came 
from  ]-hiilKlen"-^'  to  the  New  Netherlands  wheii  possessed  by  ihe 
Dntch,  and  settled  at  Beverwyclc,  t!ie  site  of  Fort  Orange,  afterward 
called  Albany,  on  Hudson  river,  'i'he  arms  of  the  family  were 
painted  on  nine  panes  of  glass  in  the  east  window  of  the  ancient 
church  in  Albany;  namely,  a  ship  ridijig  at  her  two  anchors.  Dy 
an  engraved  copy  of  these  arms,  in  i)ossession  of  the  family,  it  ap- 
pears that  Evart  Janson  Wendell  was  an  oilleer  in  that  church  the 
same  year  in  v.  Inch  New  Amsterdam,  afterwards  called  New  York, 
was  laid  out  in  small  streets  eight  years  before  the  Dutch  garri- 
son at  Fort  Orange  cajMtulated  to  the;  English.  The  inscription  is, 
Jlr<^-cnii/!o  .Dij(i/,i/i,  IG-'iG. 

J'iVart  J.  was  the  father  of  John,  who  was  the  father  of  Jacob. 
This  grandson  of  Evart  J.,  the  huher  of  Oliver,  was  j)laccd,  while  in 
his  minority,  under  the  care  of  ]Mr.  John  .Alico,  an  eminent  merchant 
in  Doston,  and  was  trained  up  to  mercantile  business.  He  after- 
wart.!-  Ijccame  .-etilcd  in  Boston  as  a  merchant,  and  was  very  pros- 
])erous.  He  was  highly  respected  in  the  town  and  province  ;  and, 
among  other  ollices,  was  repeatedly  employed  by  the  government 
in  the  negotiation  of  treaties,  antl  exchange  of  prisoners,  with  the 
Indians.  He  married  Sarah  Oliver,  the  daughter  of  Dr.  James 
Oliver  of  Cambridge,  and  lived  in  Scliool  street,  near  the  Ejmsco- 
pal  church.  He  ])ossessed  a  handsome  estate  in  Oliver  street, 
where,  after  the  destructive  fire  of  ITbO,  he  built  a  brick  house, 
(siill  standing,)  in  which  his  son  Oliver  lived.  Since  the  incor- 
poration of  the  city,  a  street  leading  from  Oliver  street,  and  j)ass- 
ing  by  this  place,  has  beiai  named  Wendell  street.      Mr.  W'ciidcU 

*  ,'\  town  of  i,'reai  coinmcrr;;!!  iiii;  oruiiice  in  I'lo  L'utoli  trade,  furmerly  Itcloiiijing  lo  tliu 
riiilcJ  I'rovaiccs  ol'l'.ic  >,'ct!iLTl;uid-. 


1^17.]  at  /he  dijj'crctit   Collcij^xs  in  Xc  in  Englinid. 


]S7 


had  several  cliildrrii.  His  son  Oliver,  af'icr  fiiiir^liing  lii.T  cdiiculiou 
at  Harvard  Colk'go,  cnteix-d  into  uicrcaiitilc  bur^iiiL'.ss  widi  hi-  fa- 
dicr.  from  whose  t,'Xj)erit'nc(j  and  counsels  he  may  have  derived  Jio 
loss  benelit,  ijian  Iroin  his  stock  in  trade. 

"SU.  Wendell  possessed  a  rare  eonrliiiiation  of  lalenis  and  \irlues. 
alike  adapted  to  the  olliees  e)!'  pnl)lie  and  o\'  private  lile.  .Mild  in 
1ein]X'r,  benevolent  in  dispt)silion,  upriL^ht  in  principle,  and  resolale 
in  action,  he  was  conciliatory  in  address,  and  exemplary  in  lile; 
and  uniformly  had  die  esteem  and  eonlldence  of  his  friends  and  ol 
the  eommnnily.  He  was  in  the  eonsullalions  of  the  early  patriots 
of  the  American  Ke\'olution,  and  eiuilributed  io  the  ac(.[uisition  and 
maintenance  of  tht;  liberty  and  ind/pendenee  oi'  the  Commonweallh 
and  country.  Afler  the  C'onstitnlion  wa-  sellled.  he  was  ollen  a 
mimiber  of  llie  S-aiate,  and  «if  the  Council,  in  the  ii;overinnent  of 
the  Commonweallh.  J)urin^  his  public  life,  he  was  Judge  of  Pro- 
bate for  the  eountv  of  Snlloll^  ;  I're.-ident  of  Cniiui  Hank-;  a  I'cllow 
of  the  Corporation  of  ]  [arvard  College;  President  of  the  Society 
for  propagating  the  (lo-pel  among  the  Indians  aiul  odiers  in  \t)rlh 
America;  and  a  'i'rustee  of  Phillips  Academy,  And(.)ver.  Retiring 
from  the  city,  he  spent  several  of  his  last  years  in  Camt)ridge,  where 
he  died,  January  lo,  1SJ8,  aged  S-l. 

The  cveni-ng  of  his  days  was  serene  and  tranc[uil.  Whih^  con- 
scious of  uprightncs-J,  he  relied  not  on  his  integrity  as  meritorious, 
but  founded  his  liopc  of  future  happiness  on  the  propitiation  made 
for  sin  by  Jesus  Christ;  this  hope  was  a  steadfast  anchor  to  his 
soul.  Religious  contemplation,  and  dc'votlonal  exercises,  habitual 
to  him  in  public  and  active  lile,  were  cherished  by  him  in  seerei-y 
and  the  stillne.-s  t)f  reliremenl.  Plasy  and  gentle,  at  la.-t,  was  his 
descent  to  the  grave,  and  tlu^  o!)S(a"ver  nught  "see  in  what  peace  a 
Christian  can  die."'  Jlis  rcaiiains  were  depo-iled  in  the  lamily 
tomb,  in  the  Chapel  burial-ground  in  Ijoston. 

To  the  public  notice  of  his  death  was  annexed  the  following 
sketch  of  his  character,  written  in  tlu>  Council  Chamber  at  the  State 
House,  on  the  reception  of  the  intelligence  ot"  his  death,  by  a  highly 
respected  friend,"'^  who,  by  long  intercourse  with  him  in  public  and 
private  lif(>,  was  a  com]K'lent  judge  of  his  character.  '•  In  all  rela- 
tions of  life,  as  a  man,  citizen,  and  magistrate,  Judck  Wr.M)i:!,L  was 
disiinguished  for  uncommon  urbaniiv  of  manners,  and  unimpeach- 
ed  integrity  of  conduct.  Diuiitg  the  course  of  a  long  lile  he  had 
been  successively  calleil  to  fill  manv  high  and  responsible  olliees. 
The  punctuality  and  prt'ci-ion  with  which  he  fullilled  all  the  duties 
connected  with  them,  were  highly  t^xeiniilrry.  V\\\\  of  years,  he 
has  descendetl  to  the  grave  regretted  and  beloved  by  all  who  knew 
him;  htippy  in  the  consciousnt-ss  of  a  lif'-  v/ell  spent,  and  rejoicing 
in  the  prospect  of  felicity  in  a  future  state,  of  which  a  lirm  laiih  in 
his  Redeenier  gave  him  the  assurance." 

Judg(;  AVendell  married,  in  17()"-?,  Mary,  a  (hiughter  of  Ivhvard 
Jackson,  who  graduated  at  II.  C.  17:2(1,  married  Dorothy  Quincy,  and 


*  1'|i.'>ii1lmiI    CiuuU'y 


I     .\     )<■ 


.  t  ■■'  i 


.-;.;in';    .X.v.c;> 


I'^S  _,  S/ittchcs  of  Alnunii  [April, 

\v;is  a  incrclinnt  of  Bo.^lon.  lit;  was  ilic  son  of  Joiuillian,  who  was 
II  braziiT  and  iiail-makL-r,  and  manicd  .Mary  Sailer,  March  :2G,  1700, 
livct]  ill  Buslou,  and  Irfi  ;'ji  c.<tat(;  ol"  alxjut  C^JO.OOO.  IIo  was  the 
son  of  Jonalhan,  who  manicd  i'lli/abclh antl  ^^L-ttk'd  in  Bos- 
ton, lie  was  l)orn  in  J-lnghmd,  and  was  liii'  son  of  l^dward,  born 
in  IC)0'2,  who  LMnigraled  I'roin  While  Chapel,  a  ))arir,h  in  London, 
to  this  country  about  10-1:2,  took  the  freeman's  oath,  May,  IGI-J,  and 
in  IGI'5  j)nrchased  of  Ciov.  Bradstreel  a  farm  of  oOO  acres  of  land 
in  that  j)arl  of  Cambridge  v.diich  is  now  Newton,  for  :C1-10.  For 
his  second  wife  he  married  March  14, 1()1^',  J-ilisabeth  Oliver,  widow 
of  Kcv.  John  Oliver,  the  llrsl  minister  of  ilnrnney  ^Marsh,  (Chelsea,) 
and  daughter  of  John  Newgale  of  l^jston.  lie  was  one  of  the 
most  respectable  men  of  the  Colony,  and  was  much  engaged  in 
pul)lic  life.  He  died  July  17,  1G81,  aged  71).  Judge  Wendell  liad 
several  children,  most  of  whom  died  young,  Oliver  and  l-klward 
never  married,  and  have  deceased.  Sarah  married  the  Kev.  ])r. 
Abiel  Holmes  of  Cambridge,  by  whom  she  had  five  children; 
namely,  Mary  Jackson,  who  married  Usher  Parsons,  M.  D.,  of  Prov- 
idence, R.  I. ;  Ann  Susan,  \\  ho  married  Rev.  Charles  W.  Upham 
•of  Salem;  Sarah  Lalhrop,  who  dieil  J'^P^,  aged  G  years;  Oliver 
Wendell,  M.  D.,  of  Boston,  who  marrii-d  Amelia  Lee  Jackson, 
daughter  of  Hon.  Charles  Jackson  of  Boston  ;  and  John,  an  Attor- 
ney at  law,  living  in  Cambridije. 

For  the  above  lacts  we  are   indebted  principally  to  the  late  Rev. 
Dr.  Holmes  of  Cambridge,  and  Francis  Jackson,  Esq.,  of  Boston. 

HON.  JONATHAN  LAW,  GOVl^RNOU  OF  CONNECTICUT. 

[The  fuels  in  iliis  Memoir  were  obuiineil  ihrout'li  the  obliL'iiiij  instrumentaliiy  of  Prof. 
Kiiii.>iey  of  Yiile  College.] 

Jo.Nj.vTn.A.N  L.\w,  Governor  of  the  Colony  of  Connecticut,  de- 
scended from  Richard  Law,  who  came  from  England  in  the  year 
IGIO,  and  was  one  of  the  first  settlers  in  the  town  of  Stamford,  Ct., 
in  IGU.  He  lefl  one  son,  Richard,  who  afterwards  moved  to 
r^Iilford  in  that  State,  where  his  son  Jonalhan,  his  only  son  and  the 
subject  of  iliis  Memoir,  was  born,  Aug.  G,  1G74.  llis  mother  was 
Sarah,  daughter  of  George  Clark,  Sen.,  a  planter.  He  was  educated 
at  Harvard  College,  then  the  only  Academical  Institution  in  New 
England,  and  received  his  degree  of  Bachelor  of  Arts  in  1G95. 
The  law  was  the  profession  which  he  selected,  and  after  passing 
through  the  course  of  studies  usual  at  that  period,  he  was  admitted 
to  the  bar,  and  fixed  his  residences  in  his  n-aiive  town  in  KiOS.  He 
soon  became  distinguished  as  a  lawyer  and  an  ailvoeate,  and  alter 
a  few^  years  was  made  Chief-Judge  of  New  Haven  County  Court. 
This  ollice  he  held  for  live  years,  and  in  May,  1715,  he  was  trans- 
ferred to  the  Bench  of  the  Superior  Court  of  the  Colony,  as  one  of 
the  Associate  Judges,  where  he  continued,  with  the  exception  of  one 
year,  till  1725.  At  the  annual  election  in  1717,  he  was  chosen  an 
Assistant,  an  ollice  of  great  trust  and  importance,  being  ex  ollicio 
a  L  gislator,  a  member  oi'  the  Go\ernor's  Council,  and  a  judicial 


irl   ^}:l! 


:  f  •  ,  '     »j^  .•;   '•!  )        .lie: 


)    ■•     i  ';■:  '^  .vi^i    ?.J 


'_'f 


'    "^i,:y. 


','<';■■.■,     :    I 


1S47.]  at  the  >hjcrcnt   Cnt/rn-rs  in  lYcw  K,ii;huid.  189 

iMu^i^flratn  llironi^liout  tlie  Colcmy.  This  station  lie  rcsiinKxl  in 
17:20,  on  his  election  to  the  olllre  of  Lieutenant-Ciovernor,  uiul  the 
same  year  he  was  appointed  liv  die  (Jcneral  .Vssenibly  Ciiii:r-.Ti  s- 
Tiet:  of  the  Snperior  Covn't,  both  which  olliccs  h<'  held  until  the 
year  1742  ;  when  he  was  ch-clcd  (lovernor,  and  continued  in  that 
olliec  until  his  death,  which,  after  a  short  and  ])ainlul  sickness  of 
three  days,  occurred  at  Milford,  Nov.  (i,  17r;(),  at  the  age  of  70 
years.      lie  left  seven  sons  and  a  widow,  his  fifdi  wife. 

A  funeral  (^ration  in  Latin  was  delivercfl  on  the  occasion  in  the 
chapel  of  Yale  College,  by  Mr.  Slih's,  tlnai  senior  '\\\\ox  in  that 
Institution,  and  afterwards  its  distinguished  I'rcsident.  It  portrays 
in  the  most  glowing  colors,  tiu;  mild  virtues  of  his  private  life,  and 
the  singular  success  of  his  public  administration. 

During  this  period,  there  wa*  a  time  when  religious  dissensions, 
which  originated  in  the  excessive  zeal  u{  itinerant  preachers,  had 
mad(!  their  way  into  sober  ami  regular  ecclesiastical  comnuuiities, 
by  which  metins  they  were  greatly  disturbed,  and  the  Colony  was 
convulsed  almost  to  its  centre. 

Early  in  the  eighteenth  century,  a  wonderfid  attention  to  religion 
had  been  excited  in  various  parts  of  Connecticut.     It  seems  \o  have 
been  a  genuine  revival,  not  unmingled,  perhaps,  with  some  slight  al- 
loy of  enthusiasm.     Soon  after  this  the  celebrated  Mr.  Whiterield, 
whose  sincere  and  honest  piety  Cowper  has  immortalized  in  the 
most  glowing  colors,  whose  elo([Ucnce  vanquished  on  one  occasion 
even  Franklin's  philosophical  caution,  after  preaching  with  the  great- 
est applause  and  ell'ect,  at  the  South,  came  to  New  England  at   the 
pressing  invitations  of  the  clergymen  of  Iloston.     On    his  return, 
he  passed  through  Connectieui,  where  the  people  crowded  to  hear 
him,  and  sunk  under  the   weight  of    his   powerful   Christian  clo-^ 
quence.     His  example  seems  to  have  been  followed   by  others  of 
weaker  intellect   and   less  judgment;    by  men,  who   mistook   the 
illusions  of  their  own  minds,  for  the  operations  of  the  Holy  Spirit, 
There  was  particularly  a  Mr,  Davcn])ort  of  Long  Island,  who  had 
been  a  sound  and   faithful  minister,  but,  unfortunately,  partook  of 
the  same  spirit,  and  by  his  precepts  and  example,  encouraged  the 
wildest  extravagances  of   sentiment   and   conduct.     Some  of   the 
'•  New-  Lights,"  (as  they  were  called,)  boldly   proclaimed  their  inti- 
mate communion  with  the  Almighty,  in  raptures,  ecstacies,  trances, 
and  visions.     A  few  of  the  clergy  were  not  free  from  these  errors, 
and  forsook  their  own  charge  to  labor  in  the  vineyards  of  others. 
In  some  counties,  lay-[)reachcrs  sprang  up,  who  pretended  to  divine 
impulst>s   and   inward    impressions,   ami   professed   a  superna1iu-al 
powiT  of  discerning   between  thost;  that  were  converted,  and  those 
that  were  not.      Confusion  prevailed   at  their  meetings,  ;uid    in-lead 
of    checking    these    unseemly    disonlers,    the    leaders    labored    to 
increase  and  extend  them.     Such  excesses  threw  a  shade  on  real 
piety,  and  threatened  to  subvert  the  foundations  of  pure  -and  geiui- 
ine  "Chrisiianity  throughout  the  Colony.     'I'hc  Legisl;Uun\  between 
whiMU   and    the  e-hureli   there  was   then    a    iiiueli   i-loser  connection 


o^r 


\%' rV'=A.'\  'r-N\  m  v'.-.vmV'^   v. i- »•<■,, v. v. s  3;A  \!>  [.vtf^l 


•;   •;;>"/!     V 


'  ■  ■■  t>  .J     !  I 


(I     (.!   ,li!:\-|   iO 


n;.r  -^   r:. 


•ti  I 


1 

>!!M.      .     •        -   ■ 


i'hi,    ,li  "!!;•.     --.ill".        •'!:  ' 


I,  .'V.-.    ...  !    :••     ...    )..''■    ■■■'  .   ■  ..     .   .  ,'-■-    iM'ir;-o:i.  'r»  ',w   i:.  //^;q 

I       -,-,i  .(,   M         ■:'■       -^V  •'.  •''.-•  ■   ■',■      .';■■".   .''>-      '.>.-'>i[f  '''■ 

,     •I.'.     .,:..!!      i       C'/'J      ■■.../      ■'■li!     l'   .HUr.    Jit)     <M;i:     *^!mU// 


190 


SL'i.tcJics  of  AInmni. 


[April, 


than  at  this  day,  in  coll^:e<[^once  of  the  nnmcrous  applications  made 
to  \hv\\\  for  their  ink-rlrri'iu-i"  aiul  protct-lioii,  ciiattid  laws,  ihe  sever- 
ity of  wliioh  was  not  jnsiiliable,  but  may,  in  some  measure,  be  ))alli- 
ated  when  we  considi-'r  the  mai^niilude  of  thi'  evil.  A  iieati'd  /cal 
and  a  ndsguided  coii>eicnce,  ralher,  perha[)s,  than  a  cunleinpl  of  the 
authority  of  government,  ij'avc  rise  in  some  eounlies  to  loud  mur- 
murs and  great  dis^atisfaelion. 

(Governor  Law,  ahhough  an  ardent  friend  of  the  gospel  system 
in  its  original  purily,  op[)osed  with  all  the  energy  he  possessed,  this 
wilil  sjilrit  of  fanaticism.  To  him  was  its  supjjression,  in  no 
small  d(.'grec,  lo  be  attributed.  W\\\\  the  skill  of  an  e\|)crienced 
jiilot,  he  kept  his  eye  always  fixed  on  the  star  of  civil  and  religious 
lil)erty,  and  steeretl  the  political  bark  unhurt,  amidst  tin;  dangers 
that  surrounded  it.  ll  was  lo  these  troubles  that  President  Stiles 
alluded  in  the  Eulogy  before  spoken  of,  when,  altt.'r  paying  a  just 
comj)limenl  lo  his  j)rcdeeessors,  he  adds: 

"  Scd  g-loria  Conscrvand'C  reipublicic  ac  pcrite  per  procellas  intcs- 
Unas  periciiIostssiiiiastjUL'  cdiifiisioncs  futii/cr  ct  clcmcntcr  adininis- 
traiuhc  sit  su/i  snj/ie/iH  c(  i/Iiislrissii/io  Law.'' 

It  was  during  this  term  of  service,  likewise,  that  the  expedition 
against  Cape  IJreton  was  undertaken.  The  plan  was  formed  by 
Gov.  Snmi.KY  of  iMassachusetIs,  and  was  executed  by  raw,  imdis- 
eiplincd  troops,  ignorant  of  the  arts  o(  regular  warfare,  wilh  the 
most  brilliant  success.  He  saw  the  great  importance  of  this  enter- 
prise, and  labored,  wnth  unwearied  industry,  to  prevent  its  I'ailure. 

Governor  L;iw  was  unciueslionably  a  man  of  high  talents  and 
accomplishments,  both  natural  and  acquired,  lie  was  well  ac- 
quainted with  civil  and  ecclesiastical  subjects,  and  gradually  rose, 
by  the  force  of  his  own  exertions,  lo  the  highest  honors  of  the 
State.  He  was  of  a  mild  ami  placid  temper,  amiable  in  all  the 
relations  of  domestic  life,  and  seems  to  have  well  discharged  the 
duties  imposed  on  him. 


First-love  is  pure  without  a  stain, 
Tlie  lieart  can  never  fondly  love  aj;ain; 
One  holy  shrine  will  in  the  hosom  rest, 
And  only  one  within  a  l.iithful  breast. 
True  loveV  a  steaily,  biiL;ht,  niichanj^ing  ray, 
.i\nil  not  the  idle  prufenMice  of  a  ilay ; 
A  lU  hde<s  llowrr  \\  liii  h  v-ill  I'.r  ever  bloom 
Thiongh  yccirs,  in  ab<i.'nce,  and  beyond  the  tomb. 

Sucixd  Poiiiis,  by  Mrs.  Bruce,  London. 


.lOffy. 


iVvKuS'.L    '\«j    .;*!'■.    '' 


OC'T 


.•:'-:i;  J';;i 


:  ,''jii  .(,-ri'.'  .  .'j  ■'.','i,*).: '!;3.  r.'  ijM. 


'.,(;    lu    n<->f 


If  HI   ft  ,^iir.';  1 :   ."' 


;<•  /!      1.      ;:  '■ 


..  f  I 


,  •>  > 


.1 , 


IS17.] 


Dr.  }Van<.'s  Letter. 


DR.  WATTS'S  LKTTKR  OF  fONDOLKXCR  TO  MA1».\M  SRWALL, 

[Tin:  folliiwinj,'  li.'ttcr  of  ].)r.  Walts  wa-<  written  lu  Mailani  ScumII.  llic  vvii'l-  ol'  Maj.  S.im- 
«lcl  Si-wall,  a  hi^'hlv  in-coinplishcil  iirtoIi,u\1  nl"  no-luii,  upon  \\u-  sndilcii  an. I  ali'.-iMin.'  <li-alli 
of  liiT  two  soii<."  Thrst:  wen:  <-'iiHlrrii  l>v  I|,t  lir>t  Im-Katiil.  Mr.  .N'.illiaii  II.iw.il  ami  her 
only  cliildroii,  fur  slie  never  lia.l  any  Lv  Maj  S.  wall.  Fur  tin-  letter  niid  a  iiiiiiil.cr  ofllie  liicis 
in  relation  tn  llic  sail  event,  we  are' iiiil.'!.i'-,l  to  Cliarlos  Iv.ver,  V.<i\.  :  ami  tlir.iiiL'l.  la-,  inslni- 
iMi'iitality  also  the  likeiir-.-;es  id"  tlie  y.Miih  ilruwnetl  were  prKeiireil  frDiii  Mrs.  LuriiiL'.  llic 
wile  ol  Henry  Lorin_',  l-^sij.,  ff  llii.s  city,  ami  are  now  cle|.i)>iteil  in  tlie  H.)oni-<  of  tlic  New 
En;j!aii(l  lli.-ti'irie.  <  leiieal.uieal  >i).-ietv'  The  II.'v.  Samii.'l  Sewall  ol'  ItiirlniLl..!:  uirnnn.i 
u.'^  lliat  the  ];e\  .  Dr.  Sewall  ..f  the  01,1  Sniilli  Clmreli.  in  hi-  diary,  mMiees  the  event  as  i\>\- 
lows  ;  '•  17-J7--- .l.uuiarv  ^,  (  .M.Mi.'.ay.l  (  ie.ii  _-.•  ami  Nath.iii  Huwellali'  Li  A;  II  y''»  >'iil,  Weill  a 
;<I;atin'-- at  the  l.altoni '..f  y^^  (.".)niiri>n.  ami  were  lu'lh  ilreiwned.  O  [y'  Sanctify  tiii.s  awfnli 
I'ruvid'-^-  to  the  near  liela'lioiis  ;  Support  .V'  (".>inl'ort  y"'  :  V>c  10  y"e  Ifuhli)iiiiil  belter  y°  10 
Sons  :  To  yi'  Town  !  Awaken  our  voum.'  pi. 'pie  to  IJeuir  y'  Creator  ami  fly  to  X  y'  vy  may 
lie  safe  nn.ler  v"'  Sha.l.nv  of  lii~  wiu.s.  'Jan)'  1  1  ^Sal.lMthj  I  en.leavoureil  to  iuipPAe  y«  late 
awful  I'rovid'-'-'  fr   Keel.  ',*.  12/' 

Nathan  Ifowell  ami  Katherino  Geori'c  were  luarrieJ  I'V  Itev.  Dr.  Colnian.  Auij  11,  170^; 
OeorL'O  and  Nathiu.  their  >on-,  were  l.oi  n,  —  (jeoi_e,  N'ov.  1.  ITIO.  and  Nathan,  Mireli 'Ji, 

I7i;!-ii. 

In  Peniliertou's  Manuscript  Chruiioioi'-y  we  find  the  I'ollowin.'  entry  :  •' 17,:-,  January 
Sth.  Ge.ir^e  and  Nathan  H.iwell  ..f  T.osio'n,  Ln.theis  ..'...ni  1  I  and  1-7  years  ,,ld,  m  scalinjr  at 
the  bottom  of  tlie  Coniin.in,  fell  llir. 'Uyli  liie  iee  and  were  Lotli  drowned."] 

Xin'cinhcr  7.  1728. 

]\I.\nAM, 

YestorJay  from  I\P  Sewall's  hand  I  Rcoeivod  the  favor  of  .several 
Letters  frain  my  FiieiRls  in  New-England,  and  a  particular  account  of  lliat  sharp 
and  surprising'Stroak  of  Pi-ovid(?nco^that  has  made  a  painful  and  lasliiiu;  Wound 
on  your  Soul,  lie  desirVl  a  Lett(>r  from  my  hand  directed  to  you  which  might 
catty  in  it  some  Balm  for  an  alUictcil  spirit.  By  his  Information  I  liud  that  I 
am  not  an  uttcn-  slramrer  to  your  Family  and  Kindied.  'M'  Lee  your  Venerable 
Grandfather  was  Predecessor  to  'M'  Thomas  Rowe  my  Ilonuur'd  Tutor  and  once 
my  Pastor  in  my  young(>r  years.  yV  Peacock  wiio  married  your  eldest  Aunt  was 
my  intimate  Friend.  ^Tip"'  P.ishop  and  AP«  Wirly  were  both  my  Acquaintance 
tho'  mv  long  Illness  and  Absence  from  London  lias  made  me  a  stranger  to  their 
Posterity  wliom  I  knew  when  Children.  But  now  I  know  not  who  of  them  are 
living  or  where.  Doc'  Cotton  Mather  your  late  Father  in  Law  was  my  yearly 
Correspondent,  and  1  lament  the  loss  of  him.  ]5ut  the  loss  you  have  .sn.-,iaincd  is 
of  a  more  temler  and  di.stressin.^  kind;  yri  let  us  see  whether  there  are  not 
sullicient  Springs  of  Consolation  llowiiig  round  you  to  allay  the  sniavl  ot  so 
great  a  sorrow.  And  may  the  Lord  oi^en  your  F.yes  as  he  did  the  Kyes  of 
Ha'j:ar  in  the  Wilderness  so  to  Espy  the  Spring  of  Water  when  she  \mis  dying 
with  Thirst  and  her  Child  over  agai'nst  her  ready  to  expire.     Gen.  21,  i;>. 

Have  yon  lost  two  lovely  Children  ?  Did  you  tnake  them  your  Idol-  f  if  you 
Jill,  God"  hath  savM  you  from  Idolatry  ;  if  you  did  not,  you  have  your  tJod  still 
and  a  Creature  cannot  be  miserable  who  has  a  God.  The  short  words  My  God 
have  inlinitely  more  sweetness  in  them  than  My  Sons  or  My  DauLrhteis.  Were 
ihey  desirable  Blessings  >.  Your  God  calls  vou  then  to  the  nobler  Sacrifice.  Can 
you  give  up  these  to  him  at  his  call  >  God  delighteth  in  sucli  a  Sacrifice. 
^Ve^o  they  your  All  i  So  was  Isaac  when  Abraham  was  required  to  part  with 
him  at  God's  Altar.  Are  not  you  a  Daughter  of  Abraham?  Then  imitate  you 
his  Faith, -his  self-denial,  his'Olu'tlience'.  and  makeyour  Evideiices  of  such  a 
Spiritual  Relation  to  him  shine  Brighter  on  this  solemn  occasimi.  Has  God 
taken  thein  from  your  Arms  .'  had  you  not  given  them  to  God  before  ?  had  you 
not  devoted  them'to  him  in  Baptisi'n  .'  are  yon  disjileas'd  that  God  calls  lor  his 
own  '.  u'as  not  your  heart  sincere  in  the  Ri'signation  of  them  to  him  '  Show  then, 
INladam,  the  sincerity  of  your  Heart  in  leaving  of  thein  in  the  Hand  of  (Soil  — 
Do  you  say  thev  are  lost  '.  not  out  of  God's  si-ht,  aiul  God's  World,  tho'  ihey 
are  out  of  our  sight  and  our  AVorld.  All  live  to  God.  You  may  hope  the  spreading 
Covenant  of  Grace  has  .-helter'd  ihein  from  the  srcond  Death.  Tliey  live  tho'  not 
with  you.  Are  you  ready  to  say  you  have  brouiiht  forth  for  the  Grave  ?  it  may  be 
so,  b  It  not  in  vain.  Isaiah  C'i,  'JH.  Tlinj  >//■•//  imt  hih,ir  in  viiiu,  nor  liniijr  Jhrth 
fur  trui'tilc;  (that  is  fur  Soriuw  and   witliout  ]iv^->c)  for  tlu:>i  urc  the  .-n'ct  cf  (he 


\\\ 


\-:. 


r  r/-^v 


>'i'7  ,■.//'    y.i[ 


;■,•..!     :\  '•■;.,:.  I'.    't""j 


I  f  ';.' 


■'      •  :,.  ■  I-..  'I.     ..      f  ■  ■•"'    '     '    •" 

,    .■]■.    *  •  -!  '•■'>■    -.^;.    /■■■•  ('-,;    ...  ' 

'»  '  't  ;:■.■;-  -.  .:  •,■,.  ,      :■•  )::■,■.  .,..'■> 

I. ,   .  i.-  .•!  7!  i.-r,  .   -  ,■    .■,,      :;..■■,  .'M  .V 

.  ■'.    ■  ^  ,!  •■      '  ii  ;,;;:.  ,1  ;,    !  J  ■ 

,    ,■   •!    ,!  ;    .  '  ,.,      '    ,     1 '  1  -    '     '.  ■! 


192     .  Dr.  Walls's  LdUr.  [April, 

Blessed  of  tilt:  Ln-il  anil  (latr  olf'^j'nu'j;  irilh  tlnm.  This  lias  boon  a  .sweet 
Text  10  iiKiii)'  a  Molliur  whi.-u  tliuir  Ciul.lit.'ii  liavu  been  calle.!  away  betimes. 
And  th(;  Prophet  Jerciny  Chap.  31,  !.'> — 17.  has  very  comfoit;ible  wonls  to  allay 
the  sar-ic  sorrow.  Did  yon  pJL-ase  voiirscll  iti  what  comforts  you  mi^'ht  have 
derived  from  them  in  maturer  years  .'  I'.nt  Madam,  do  you  consider  snlficiently 
that  God  hath  takon  them  away  from  the  e\  il  to  come,  and  hid  them  in  tlie 
Grave  from  llu;  prevailin;j  and  mischievous  Temptations  of  a  degenerate  age. 
My  BrothiT'.s  AVife  in  I^jndon  has  buried  seven  oi  eight  Children,  and  among 
tliem,  all  her  Sons.  This  tho't  lias  reconciled  her  to  the  Providence  of  God,  that 
the  Temptations  of  young  men  in  this  Age  are  so  exceeding  great,  and  she  has 
seen  so  nuiny  youni.'  Gentlemen  of  her  accinainliince  so  .-ham<-fully  dei^enerate, 
that  she  wipes  her  Tears  for  the  Sons  ^he  has  bmied,  and  composes  hersclt  to 
Patience  and  Thankfulness  with  one  only  Dauirlitcr  remaining.  Perhaps  (Jod 
has  by  this  streak  prevented  a  thousand  nnknown  Sorrows.  Are  your  Sons 
dead  .'  but  are  your  Mercies  dead  too  i  A  woilhy  Husband  is  a  living  Comfort 
and  may  Gotl  i)reserve  and  re.'store  liirn  to  you  in  bufety.  Foo*.!,  Raiment, 
Safety,  Peace,  Liberty  of  Religions  acci-.-s  to  the  mercy  seat,  Hope  of  Heaven  ;  — 
All  tlu'?e  aie  daily  matters  of  thankfullness.  (.ood  Madam,  let  not  uih'  sorrow 
bury  them  all.  Shew  that  you  ari3  a  Christian  by  making  it  appear  that  Reliirion 
has  sup[7ort.s  in  il  which  the  ^V'orld  doth  not  enjoy  and  which  the  World  doth 
not  know.  What  can  a  poor  Wordling  do  but  mourn  over  earthly  Blessings 
depaited,  and  go  d.own  comfortless  with  them  to  the  (irave.  But  methinks  that 
a  Christian  should  lift  up  the  Head  as  partakinir  of  higher  hopes.  May  the 
Blessed  Spirit  be  your  Comforter.  Endeavour  iNIadam  to  employ  yourself  in 
.some  Busmess  or  Amusement  of  life  continually.  Let  not  a  solitary  fiame  of 
IMind  teni[)t  you  to  m'I  Brooding  over  your  Sorrows  and  nur-^e  them  up  to  a 
dangerous  Size  ;  but  turn  }our  Tiionghts  often  to  the  brighter  Scenes  of  lleaven 
and  tlu!  Resurrection.  Forijive  t)ie  freedom  of  a  strani,u'r,  ^ladam,  who  desires 
to  be  the  Humble  and  faithfid  Si\'vant  of  Chri-^t  and  Suuls. 

l3A.\c  Watts. 
Poslcript. 

Madam,  You  have  so  many  excellent  Comforters  round  about 
you  that  I  even  B!u>h  to  send  what  I  have  wrote;  yet  since  the  narrowness  of 
my  Pa[)er  has  excluded  two  or  three  thoughts  which  may  not  be  impertinent  or 
useless  on  this  mournful  Occasion  I  will  insert  them  here.  Vou  know  Madam 
that  the  great  ami  blessed  Goil  had  but  one  Son,  aiul  he  gave  him  up  a  Sacri- 
fice and  devoted  him  to  a  bloody  Death  out  of  I^ove  to  such  Sinners  as  you  and 
].  Can  you  shew  vour  gratitude  to  God  in  a  more  evident  k  acccptalde  manner 
than  by  resignimr  willingly  your  two  Sons  to  liim  at  the  call  of  his  Providence  ? 
This  Act  of  willing  Resignation  will  turn  a  paintul  Allliction  into  a  holy  Sacrifice. 
Are  the  two  dearest  things  torn  from  the  heart  of  a  Mother,  then  you  may  ever 
set  looser  by  this  World,  and  you  have  the  fewer  dangerous  Attachments  to  this 
life.  "Tis  a  happiness  for  a  Chrl.-^lian  not  to  have  the  heart  strings  tyed  too  fast 
to  any  thing  beneath  (lod  and  lleaven.  Happy  the  Soul  tliat  is  ready  to  move 
at  the  Divine  summons.  The  fewer  F.ngauemenis  we  have  on  earth,  the  more 
ive  may  live  above,  and  have  our  thoughts  more  fixed  on  things  Divine  and 
lieaveuly.  .May  this  painful  stroak  thus  Sanctilied  lead  yon  neari;r  to  God. 
Amen.  L   W. 


"  A  boate  poini;  out  of  Hami)ton  River  was  rrist  aiv;iy  and  the  p.sons  a'l  drowned  who 
wore  in  nunihor  eii^'ht :  Ein.  Ililliar,  .Ion.  IMiilbiick  aial  An  Plnlhrick  las  \\  ih> ,  Sarah 
Philbrick  tiiere  d,iu;:bter;  .^lice  tiu?  wyJe  of  ^^n^(.•.s  Cox,  and  John  Cox  bis  sonne, 
llobeit  Read;  who  all  peiished  in  y"^'  sea  y"-'  "JOlh  ol"  the  J^  mo.  10  j<." — Noifol'c  Covniy 
lleionls. 

From  the  same  Records,  we  learn  that  "Cai)!.  Conjamin  Swclt  of  Hampton  v.as 
slain  at  Black  Point  by  the  barbarous  Indians  the  C'.'th  June,  lO:?." 


,Ii"|A< 


j-f; 


,;  j's'j'ra.'l! 

(;•,..■    y.---  :,)'■    .  -r?   i-'jv.  i    i';'f»  'J'vf 


)        '   MA 


.  4  ■   « 


...    /-^ia" 


1847.]      List  of  Ancient  Names  in  Boston  and   Vicinitij.  193 


LIST  OF  ANCIENT  NAMES  IN  BOSTON  AND  VICINITY. 

An  AljjhaJ^rtical  LUt  of  the  Ancient  Names  in  the  toivns  of  Boston,  Charlestounu 
Ru.ihunj,  Waleituwn,  Dorchester,  Camlmdge,  Ikdham,  Weymovth 
Braintree,  Concord,  Sudbnnj,  JUngham,  and  Woburn.  ' 

BV    THE    LATE    JOHN    FARMER,    ESQ. 

[This  List  embraces  llie  names  in  the  above  towns  from  1630  to  ir.ll,  an-l  contains  mo>t  ol 
tlie  names  \<\  eacli  town.  • 

Aiu;R.;vivnoNS  -Bo.  r.o^ton  Cli.  Chnrleslown,  Co.  Conconl,  Ca.  Canibrid-e,  ^r 
Brainlree,  De.  Declham  Do.  Dorchester,  H.  Ilinyhiun,  M.  Medaeld,  11.  Roxbury,  5  ?■  '- 
bury,  Wa.  Watertown,  We.  Weymouth,  and  Wo.  Woburn.] 


A. 

Abe]  I,  We 

Adams.  Bo   De.  We 

Br.  M. 
Amadoun,  Bo.  We. 
Allison,  B'l 
AspinwaP    Bo. 
Ale.xaude^  So. 
Armitage,  Bo. 
Awkley,  Bo. 
Allen,    Bo.   Ch.  De. 

H.  Br.  M 
Addington,  Bo. 
Astwood,  R. 
Alcock,  K.  De. 
Ambler,  Wa. 
Arnold,  Wa. 
Ames,  Ca.  Br. 
Aldridge,  De. 
Alleyn^  De. 
Atkinson,  Co. 
Axdell,  S. 
Aldreth.  Br. 
Abie,  Br. 
Atherton,  Br. 

B. 

Baldwin.  Bo.  De. 
Baker,  Bo   Ch.  R. 
Barrel!,  Bo 
Baxter,  Be.  R. 
Beareley.  Bo. 
Beck,  Bo. 
Bourne,  B  >. 
Bridge,  Bo    Ch.  R. 
Bondall,  Bo, 
Bell,  Bo.  R. 
Bishop,  Bo. 
Blanchard    Bo. 
Bosworth,  Bo. 
Briggs,  Bo   We. 
Briscoe,  I'o.  Wa. 
Burden.  B  •. 
Buttoljih,  '^o. 
Button,  Bo. 
Brimsme  u'l',  Ch. 
Brown,  Ch,  S.  H.  Br. 
Burrago,  Ch. 
Batchel.ir,  Ch.  De. 
Barret.  V     Co. 
Burnci,  i' 


Brewer,  R.  Ca. 
Blacksley,  R. 
BurriU,  R. 
Bu^bce,  R. 
Bartlett,  Wa. 
Beech,  Wa. 
Bernard,  Wa. 
Boyden,  Wa. 
Beeres,  Wa. 
Bright,  Wa. 
Rullard,  Wa.  De. 
Barron,  Wa, 
Boyls[tlon,  Wa. 
Brad  brook,  Wa. 
Benjamin,  Wa. 
Barsham,  Wa. 
Broughton,  Wa. 
Barnard,  We. 
Billings,  Do. 
Bird,  Do. 
Buck,  Ca. 
Bridgham,  Ca. 
Barker,  De. 
Barstowe,  De. 
Bullen,  De,  M. 
Barber,  De.  M. 
Bayes.  De. 
Blandford,  S. 
Belcher,  Ca.  S.  Br. 
Burr,  Do.  H. 
Bliss,  H. 
Bridgeman,  H. 
Bagnley,  Co. 
Blood,  Co. 
Bowstree,  Co. 
Brooks,  Co, 
Bulkley,  Co. 
Bus.se,  Co. 
Bennet,  Co. 
Butterlield,  Wo. 
Barron,  Wo. 
Bass,  Br. 
Blage,  Br. 
Bracket,  Br. 
Barnes,  Br. 
Brilan,  Wo. 
Barber,  JNI. 


Cirter.  Bo   Ch.  Wo 
Cule,  Bo.  Ch. 


Cooke,  Bo.  Ca. 
Coggan,  Bo. 
Coi)p,  Bo. 
Cotton,  Bo. 
Clarke,  Bo.   R,  Wa. 
De.  H.  M. 

Cource,  Bo. 
Crabbtree,  Bo. 
Cranwell,  Bo, 
Cretchley,  Bo. 
Call,  Ch, 
Carrington,  Ch. 
Cary,  Ch. 
Carter,  Ch.  Bo. 
Coytmore,  Ch. 
Curtis,  R.  Do.  S. 
Coddington,  R 
Craft,  R. 
Chandler,  R.  Co. 
Corey,  R. 
Crane,  R. 
Cheney,  R.  M. 
Crosse,  Wa. 
Cutter,  Wa. 
Cliurch,  Wo. 
Coolidge,  Wo. 
Claise,  Wa. 
Cooper,  Wa. 
Crisp,  Wa. 
Capen,  Do. 
Clap,  Do.  We.  M. 
Clement,  Do. 
Collicott,  Do. 
Cunlithe,  Do. 
Champney,  Ca. 
Collins,  Ca. 
Corlet,  Ca. 
Chickering,  De, 
Colbourne,  De, 
Calver,  De. 
Carpenter,  We 
Cakebread,  > 
Coulton,  H. 
Collier,  H. 
ChamberlaiI^  Br. Co. 

Wo. 
Cheesborough   Bo. 
Cone_y,  Br. 
'.oskm,  Co. 
Convers,  C-^. 
Ciam,  M. 


D. 

Davie.,  Bo,  S.  Wo. 
Dennis,  Uu. 
Dineley,  Bo. 
Dov  s.?.  Bo. 
Dai.-,  Ch.  Co. 
David,  Ch. 
Danforth,  R.  Ca 
Dexter,  Ch, 
Dud'ey,  R, 
Dennison,  R. 
Davis,  R, 
Dikes,  Wa. 
Dow,  Wa, 
Davenport,  Do. 
Dickerman,  Do. 
D wight,  De. 
Daniel,  Ca. 
Dixon,  Ca. 
Dana,  Ca. 
Dyer,  We. 
Darvill,  S. 
Dorchester,  H. 
Doggett,  Co. 
Draper,  Co. 
Dasset,  Br. 
Dawes,  Br. 
Devel,  Br, 

E. 
East,  Bo, 

Eaton,  Bo,  Wa    De. 
Elliot,  Bo,  R,  Br. 
Eyre,  Wa. 
Eddie,  AVa. 
Else,  Wa, 
Evans,  Do. 
Eccl.y,  C. 
Eanies,  Do,  H 
£]lderkin,  De. 
Everard,  De. 
Elxards,  H,  Co. 
Elhs,  Br,  M, 
Edmunds,  Co. 
E^aits,  Co. 

E. 

Eairfield,  Eo, 
FainveathiT,  Bo. 
Fu;;  ibi'le,  Bo. 
Flack,  Bu. 


i:Oi  .>.,<•(',■  V'l    Vmv'i  .         J   v:v,uj\V-    v«\oi^.«K  '^0  Mv'\ 


71  ;.-^::V:  ,-  ,'vy;^^^   ;^r' 


'•^ .'.»•:  yyjiO^iA    o  t-m 


.1  a'  ,.;.i    s*; 


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■1     ••■•  '   ,-'J 


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191  List  of  Aiicir/U  JViiiiics  ill  r>i)ston  diid   Vicinltij.      [April, 


Frmklia,  Do. 
Fi-h,  Bo. 

Flowd,  1)0. 

Fowle,   15o.  Ch.   Co. 
FiiincU,  Bo. 
Frotliiri^ham,  Ch. 
Fi^ko,  W.i. 
Flic-,  \V;i. 
]";iriuim.  Do. 
Freiuli,  Do. 
Fower,  Do. 
Fiirowortli,  ]^o. 
Fuller,  Do.  Co.  Wo. 
Foonie,  Ci. 
Francis,  C.i. 
Fi.h.T.  D  >.  .M. 
FairlKink.  Do.  M. 
Frarey.  De.  M. 
Foster,  AVe. 
Fry,  We. 
Freeinaii,  S. 
Flatmju,  Br. 
Flint,  Hr. 
Farweii,  Co. 
Foye,  Co. 
Farley,  Wa. 

G. 

Carrott.  l!o.  Cli. 

("rlllhoilS,    Bo. 

(.ill,  Bo. 
Ci'oonlloy.  ]?o. 
(irearnes,  Bo. 
(ireen.  Bo.  Ch. 
Guttriil:,'e,  Bo.  Wa. 
Griclley;  Bo. 
Gri'j^s,  Bo. 
Gross.  Bo. 
Griihbs,  Bo. 
(umnison.  Bo. 
Gould,  Ch. 
(i rover,  Ch. 
Graves,  Ch. 
Greenlanil,  Ch. 
Greems,  Ch. 
(jookin,  I\.  Ca. 
Ganiblin,  R. 
Gorton,  II. 
Garner,  R. 
Goar.l,  R. 
Garfield,  Wa. 
GotFe,  Wa. 
Gass,  Wa. 
Grant,  Wa. 
Godfrey,  Wa. 
Gibson,  Ca. 
Gri^,sell,  Ca. 
(Jay,  De. 
Grillln,  S. 
G'oodnow,  S. 
(Jeor;.;e,  Br. 
Gamlin,  Co. 

II. 

Ilaybornc,  Bo.  R. 
Harvey,  Bo. 


IlaUall,  Bo. 
H  uwooil,  lio. 
Hawkins.  Bo.  Wa. 
Hill,  IVi.' 
Ili.b-,  Bo.  Ca. 
HiUiard.  Bo. 
IIoiii;h.  Bo. 
Holland,  Bo. 
Ifnlcliinson,  Bo. 
Ho--    Bo 
lloiu'liin.  Bo. 
llo'.ven.  Bo. 
Huilbon,  Bo. 
HuiHi,  Bo. 
Ilonrickson,  Bo. 
ll.idlock,  Ch. 
Hale,  Ch. 
Harrington,  Ch. 
lleiden,  Ch. 
Hills.  Ch. 
Hubbard.  Ch. 
Hanle,  Ch. 
Hi'tninj^w  av,  H- 
Heath,  R 
Harris,  R.  Ca. 
Hi-wcs,  R. 
Holmes.  R. 
Howe,  R.  S. 
Hawkins,  Wa.  Bo. 
il.ddcn,  Wa. 
llnhbard,  Wa. 
Homes,  Ca. 
Horn  wood,  Ca. 
Hildrevh.  Ca. 
Hutchin,  Ca. 
House,  Ca. 
Hancock,  Ca. 
Hinsdell,  De. 
Huntinu',  De. 
Hunt,  I'to.  We. 
Hart,  We. 
Haine,  S. 
Holyoke,  II. 
Hobart,  H. 
Hansett,  Br. 
Hastings,  Br. 
Herknell,  l?r. 
Herman,  Br. 
Hoyden,  Br. 
HaUted,  Co. 
Harsey,  Co. 
Heyward,  Co. 
Hosmer,  Co. 
Hayward,  Wo. 
Harvard,  Ch. 


Co. 


I. 


Ives,  ^\'a. 


Johnson,  Bo   Ch.  R. 

\\'o.  S. 
Joy,  Bo. 
Jacklin,  Bo. 
Jackson,  Bo.  Ch.  Ca. 
Judkins,  Bo. 


Jones,  Ch.  Do.  Co. 
Jam.'s.  Gil.  De. 
Jennison.  Wa. 
JrdW-y,  We. 
Jenkins,  Br. 
Jewell,  Br. 


Kiiirick,  Bo. 
Kade,  Bo. 
k'ribv,  Bo. 
Kni^lit,  i!o.  Br.  Wo. 
Kettle,  Ch. 
Kini^slou',  Do. 
Kalein,  De. 
Kingsbury.  De. 
Kimball,  Wa. 
Knowli^s,  A\'a. 
Kin^^  \\'a.  S.  We. 
Kejes.  Wa. 
Kinirsley,  Br. 
Kendal,  Wo. 

L. 

Leverelt,  Bo. 
Lyall,  Bo. 
Lii'ii,  Bo. 
T.n--,  Bo. 
Liw.'OM,  Bo. 
Loii:.;.  Ch. 
Lawdon,  Ch. 
Lewis,  Ch.  Wa. 
Liiddini^ton,  Ch. 
Lynde,  Ch. 
Larkin,  Ch. 
Lawrenee,  Ch. 
Luslier,  De. 
Laiii^ton,  H. 
Lincoln,  H. 
Leavilt,  H. 
Lyon,  R. 
Lamb,  R.  Wa. 
Linens,  R. 
Lettin,  Co. 
Lelingwell,  Wa. 
Lariiit,  ^Vo.    ' 
Lockwuod,  Wa. 
Lo\erini;,  Wa. 
Ludden,  Wa. 
Lowell,  M. 

Marshall,  Bo. 
Mason,  Bo.  R.  Wa. 
Manning,  Bo. 
Mears,  Bo. 
Merry,  Bo. 
Milam,  Bo. 
Mes'-in^er,  Bo. 
Miii-o,  Bo. 
Munt,  Bo. 
Marble,  Ch. 
Maiilev,  Ch. 
Maverick,  Ch. 
Mcllowes,  Cii.  Br. 
.Meiii.-h,  Ch. 


Mellers,  Ch. 
Mather,  Do. 
.Maiidslev,  Do. 
Millet,  Do. 
JMuininjjs,  Do. 
i^Ieane,  Ca. 
Milchel-on,  Ca. 
.Meiirs,  We. 
Melim,  We. 
.Maithew,  H.  R. 
llireck,  H. 
Morril,  R. 
Miller,  R. 
Meadows.  R. 
Moi.e,  Wa. 
Merchant,  Wa.  Br. 
-Marian,  \Va. 
Mavhew,  Wa. 
Mandslev,  Br. 
Mekins.'Br. 
iMotson,  Br. 
i\Ioore,  Br.  S. 
Male.  Br. 
.Alousall.  Wo. 
Morse,  De  iM. 
Metcali;  .M. 

N. 
New;^ate,  Bo. 
Neijus,  Bo. 
.\a>h,  Ch. 
Nowell,  Ch. 
Mchols,  Ch. 
Nowman,  \\'e. 
Norton,  We, 
Newton,  S. 

0. 

Oliver,  Bo. 
Odlin,  Bo. 
Osborn,  We.  Do. 
Onion.  R. 
On-,  Wa. 
Oakes,  Ca. 


Pal-rave,  Ch. 
Palmer,  Ch. 
Phillips,  Do. Wa.We. 
I'hipps,  Ch. 
Pasnier,  Bo.  Ch. 
Powell,  Ch.  De. 
Power,  Ch. 
Parker,  Wo.  Bo.  R. 
Painter,  Bo. 
Pratt,  Ch.  We. 
Paitor,  Bo. 
Perry.  Bo. 
I'ell,  Bo. 

Pierce,  Bo.  Do.  Wa. 
Phippin.  Bo. 
Plain,  Bo. 
Porter,  Bo. 
Portmont,*  Bo. 
Poole,  Bo. 
Pil^biirv,  Do. 


*  'J'liis  iiaiiu:  is  spelt  diirereiilly,  a.s  Puriuout,  IVaah'tit,  I'ortiior,  ,iid  IVmuoik. 


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1"^}7.]       List  of  Ancient  Names  in  Boston  and   Vicinil/j. 


19.J 


Proctor,  Do. 
Pi'[K\  Do. 
I'r.-iitiss,  Ca. 
Parish,  Ca. 
Pii-kL-ririi,',  Ca. 
Polliani,  Ca. 
Picko,  Ca. 
Paine,  Do.  Dr. 
Peiiiiitnan,  Br. 
Perrin,  Br. 
Poclior,  l>r. 
Potter,  Co. 
J^Dsmore,  Co. 
Prentii-e,  Co. 
Parsii?!,  H, 
Pierpoiit,  II. 
Peak.?,  R. 
Payson,  R. 

Pig^',  li. 
Perkins,  R. 
Priehard,  R. 
Porter,  R.  Wa.  We. 
Peirsnii,  W'a.  Wo. 
Prescott,  Wa. 
Pa-e,  ^\'a. 
Picknam,  \Va. 
Prest,  We. 
Petty,  We. 
Paniieler,  S. 

R. 

Rn--les,  R.  Dr. 
Ro-ers,  ^Va.  ^Ve.  Bo. 

Co. 
Ran.lall,  We. 
Ralins,  AVc. 
Reci,  We.  Br. 
Riitter,  S. 
Redyate,  S. 
Rea\er,  H. 
Raiiisl'ord,  Bo. 
Rice,  Bo.  Co. 
Russell,  Ch.  Ca.  Wo. 
Robhiiii,  Ca. 
Ross,  Ca. 
Richards,  Do. 
Roper,  De. 
Rav.  Br. 
Rocket,  Br.  M. 
Richardson,  Bo.  Ch. 

Wo. 
Roman,  Ca. 


Br 


Ch 


Savell,  We.  Br. 
Shaw,  We.  Ca. 
Slu'iiard,  We.  Ca. 
Silve.-,tor,  We. 
StopiH-ll,  We. 
.Sione,  S. 
.Stir.ve,    S.    W 

Br. 
Sewill,  H. 
Stehbin,  H.  R.  Wa. 
.Sljarp,  R.  Br. 
Sener,  R. 
Smith,    II.    R.    Wa. 

Ch.  Do.  De. 
Scarhoro[n;,'!i],  R. 
Shellield,  R. 
Starkweather,  R. 
Sanderson,  AVa. 
Stearns,  Wa. 
Stowcrs,  ^Va. 
Sawlell,  Wa. 
Slierman,  Wa.  Bo. 
Story,  Wa. 
Stow,  Wa.  Ch. 
San  lord.  Bo. 
Savai;e,  Bo. 
Scott,  Bo.  Br. 
Scottow,  Bo. 
.Salter,  Bo. 
Seabiiry,  15o. 
Seavern,  llo. 
Sellick,  Bo. 
Seamonij,  Bo. 
Sheiburne,  Bo. 
Sitiet,  Bo. 
Sjiurr,  Bi). 
Stanliury.  Bo. 
Stanion,  Bo. 
Snow,  Bo. 
Siuiilerland,  Bo. 
Symonds,  Bo.  Co. 
Shrimptoii,  Bo. 
Stevens,  Bo.  Br. 
Stinenson,'  Bu.  Ca. 
Stodd.ird,  Bo. 
Stodder,  M. 
Ser-eant,  Ch.  Br. 
Siiorlhoiise,  Ch. 
Swaiii,  Ch. 
Swoet/ir,  Ch. 
Symmes,  Ch,  Bi-. 
South,  Do. 


Siunner,  Do. 
Swill,  Do. 
Saundi.'rs,  Ca. 
Sparliawk,  Ca. 
Stedman,  Ca. 
Stieeler,  Ca. 
Siiaw,  Ca. 
Slacey,  De. 
Save!,  Br. 
Stdlein,  Bo. 
S[),ildiii_',  Br. 
Seer,  \\\>. 
Squiers,  Co. 

'P. 

Thomas,  Bo.  II. 
Terne,  Bo. 
Tyn-,  Bo. 
'J'ownsend,  Bo. 
Tappin^r.  Bo. 
'I'uiner,  Bo.  Do.  M. 
Tattle,  15o. 
Tierrice,  Cii.  Wo. 
'J-idd,  C!i. 
TopliU;  Do. 
'I'ulman,  Do.  R. 
TriHiihlo.  Ca. 
Tow  ne,  Ca. 
Thurston,  De.  M. 
Tomson,  Br.  Wa. 
Twimr,  Co. 
Turnev.  Co. 
'I'oriipkins,  Co. 
1'hoiii|)son,  Wo. 
Trerice,  \Vo. 
Tolenham,  Wo. 
Train,  Wn. 
Torri'y,  Wa. 
Tucker,  AVe. 
Toll,  S. 
Treadwav,  S. 
Tailor,  II. 

V. 

T^pham,  We. 
Underwood,  Co. 
Upsall,  Do. 
Dslier.  Ca.  and  after 

of  Bo. 
Ultin;:,  Do. 

Y. 

Viall,  Bo. 


^'ines,  S. 

X.mr,  Bo. 

W. 

Waite,  Bo.  Wa. 
^Valker.  Bo.  Ch.  R. 
Wendell,  Bo. 
Winlioume,  Bo. 
Walton,  Bo.  We. 
Wheeler,      Bo.      Ch. 

Co.  De. 
Wehhcr,  Bo. 
Williams,  Bo.  R. 
WiUon.  Bo.  Br. 
\\'ini:.  Bo. 
AVinthrop.  Bo. 
^Voodhouse,  Bo. 
AW.odw.ird,  Bo.  Wa. 
Willis,  Bo.  Ch. 
Wil.ie,  Ch. 
Walie,  Ch. 
WiUouiihhv,  Cb. 
Wood,   Ch!  De.   Co. 

•M. 
Woorie.  Ch. 
Wise,  Ch. 
\\'orward.  Ch. 
Wri-ht,  Do. 
Wyllys,  Ca. 
Winship,  Ca. 
Whitin-.  De. 
Wheelock,  De.  M. 
Wi-ht,  De. 
Weld.  Br.  R. 
Wiiichu>tcr,  Br. 
AVi>eman,  Br. 
Wheat,  Co. 
Will  lid,  C.>. 
M'vmaii.  ^Vo. 
Winn,  W,). 
Whittemorc.  R. 
White,  U. 
Woods,  R  S. 
AVatennaii,  R. 
Watson.  R. 
Welleiutoii,  Wa. 
Waters,"  Wd. 
Withi!ii,'ton,  Do. 
Webb,  ^Ve. 
Whitm.in,  We. 
'Warren.  AVe. 
Ward,  S. 
^\■hilton,  II. 


FROM   A   MO.Xr.MKNT    I.\   TIIK    BrRYING-GROUM)   AT 
KAS'l"P()RT,  ME.  ■    •  •"  •    '" 


Inmemory  of  Margaret  Nickels,  who  died  April  Co,  1S17,  .T].  87,  dau.  of  Samuel  Breck 
of  Boston,  and  relict  of  \Villiam  Nickels  of  Nar.i:^ua;.'iis,  who  was  lost,  as  was  his  fjrand- 
son,  Geo.  W.  Shaw,  .i;.  12  years,  on  (irand  Manau  hhuid,  where  they  wen-  buried,  Dec. 
18,  ITS'J. 

This  monument  erected  in  l'=l.'),  by  RobiMt  (',  Sh.iw  of  Bo^toll,  grandson  to  the 
deceased,  through  the  agency  of  CJeorgo  Ilohbs,  K^q. 


COI  ywwrv^l     W\\>    ^f-\W(\.    \\'*    v,^;,^•,^.     *      '.     ^L   >-   \>'u\  [,s\^^ 


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.4  J  .itfi;iiu.'i 


190 


Family  Licrcasc,  Loii^cvilij,  ^-c. 


April, 


FAMILY  INCREASE. 

The  followinii  facts  ])ul)li<li.;d  in  a  iiole  in  Vol.  11.  of  Ilalibiirton's  "  Historical  and 
Statistic.il  Account  of  Nova  Scotia"  aru  bcliev(Hl  to  be  uiiiiaralli.'li'J  in  tin;  increase  of 
any  family  on  ri'coiJ.  It  cm  at  once  bo  seen  that  at  this  rate  of  riiulliplyiiiu:  popula- 
tion it  woiiKl  take  (uily  a  short  jifrioil  to  [leuplc  thi-  earth.  Any  one,  curious  enough 
to  make  a  cab-nlati.m.  will  \n-  ,i>loui>ln-il  ai  the  multilutle  of  persons  after  the  lapse  of 
a  few  i,'eneration5  which  couM  trace  their  tlescenl  from  a  commmi  ancestor.  The  note 
is  as  follows : 

"  In  the  Sprin;?  of  the  year  17Git,  A.  Smith,  Esci.,  a  native  of  Cajie  Coil,  Ian. led  at  Bar- 
rin^rton,*  f)r  the  purpose  of  making  arr.mi^ernents  for  the  reception  of  his  family,  but 
finding  the  Indians  numerous,  he  al)aMdon('d  the  idea  of  emigratin;,'  and  returned  home. 
Shortly  alter  his  de|)artiiio,  liis  wile  arrived  in  a  vessel  bound  on  a  fishing  voyage,  and 
was  landed  with  hrr  f.iniily.  lleie  she  remained  five  weeks,  until  the  arrival  of  her 
Iiusband,  during  which  time  she  was  kindly  and  hosjiitably  treated  by  the  S.ivages.  She 
died  at  Barrington,  in  I\Iarch,  iS'iS,  leavin-,'  at  the  time  of  her  death  5  children,  50 
grandchildren,  2'J7  great-grandchildien,  01  of  the  fifth,  and  1  of  the  sixth  generation 
living,  exclusive  of  a  dau-hler,  in  the  I'nited  States,  who  had  a  large  family,  and  of 
several  grandchildren  who  have  removed  from  B.irrington." 


INSTANCES  OF  LONCKVITY  IN  ONE  HOUSE. 

The  following  persons  have  died  in  the  same  house  since  17S1.  The  house  is  situ- 
atetl  in  Ilingham,  ami  was  formerly  owned  by  Peter  Tower.  Peter  Tower,  aged  8-1 ; 
Anna  Tower,  li-O;  Deborah  Tower,  9;j ;  Joshua  Tower,  77;  Grace  Cushing,  95; 
Laban  Tower,  7:!:  Esther  Tower,  71;  Deborah  Dunbar,  SO.  Total,  070. — //i/iy/ia/u 
Gazelle,  Jjinl  u,  ]b:n.  AVe  are  informed  that  the  'J'ower  estate  has  been  held  in  the 
name  of  Tower  since  li':i7,  and  is  now  occupied  by  Mr  William  Tower. 


LONGEVITY  OF  THE  .AIARSH  FAMILY  IN  IIAYERIIILL,  MS. 

Dea.  David  Marsh  of  Haverhill,  Ms.,  was  born  Jan.,  10'.''^,  and  his  wife  Mary  Moody 
was  born  Aiii;.,  1703.  They  were  the  parents  of  twelve  children.  The  father,  mother, 
anil  children  died  as  follows: 


Piiicnts. 


The  father  died, 
The  mother,    . 


Moses  died. 

aged  SO 

Jonathan, 
Enoch, 
Nathaniel, 
John,    . 

aired  S;') 

Lydia,      . 

"        S'j 

Abigail, 

"      SO 

"     so 

Total 

of  years. 

"      S2 

Average 

age, 

Cluldrm. 
Elisabeth  died,    . 
Marv,       .... 
Judith,  .... 

Cutting,  .... 
David,  .... 

Below  is  an  exact  copy  of  an  inscription  on  the  tomb-stone  of  Mary  Buel  in  the 
burying-ground,  north-west  of  the  village  in  Litchfield,  Ct. 

llere  lies  the  body  of  Mrs.  Marv  Bud.  wife  of  Dr.  John  Buel,  Esq'' — She  died  Nov. 
•i"'  170S  .Etat.  'JO.  haviii;:  hal  'l3  Cliildren  — 101  (irand  Children  —  274  Great  G. 
Childreu,  2J  Great  G.  G.  Children—  IH)  Total  — 330  survived. 


In  the  Historical  Magazine  for  17'J'.\  by  IJisseit,  a  marriage  of  some  interest  to  Ameri- 
cans is  thus  given. 

"William  Cockbiirn,  Esq.  American  merchant,  to  the  fair  Miss  Lorimer,  dan.  of  Mr. 
Lorimer  of  the  Strand,  ami  sisti-r  to  the  beautilul  Mrs.  Graham,  lady  of  ('oi.  Graham, 
Sloane  St.,  well  known  in  the  literary  world  as  the  author  of  a  History  of  the  American 
State  of  Vermont." 


*•'  l^arrin;:ton,  Nova  Scotia,  was  settled  by  about  eulity  families  fr>'m  Cape  Cod  and  N.iii- 
tuoket,  iu  I7td,  'oJ,  and  'I'kt. 


•'  ''.      ■••'^■•^  vv,.i,;\     .■^^••■^    '-^ 


•'Of 


•Aj/i  V 


'/, '    /  ;  "• 


1  •■■  • 


■(..I. 


'4:  q 


'    1    J  .!.■:..     ,  1.,   '^       j..|:- 


.ll 


•      I.J-  *      ' 

1  1    . 

V,  .  M,  ;  -I    ,., .'  ,v.> 

■:',U,U'l  ■( 

Ii^ 

";i  V  '  i  "1'-       .  fa 


A    -II) 


lS-17.] 


DIiirri(i'>'cs  (Did  Dcdths. 


197 


MAPJlIAnES  AND  DEATHS. 


Wo  propose  to  give  in  future  in  each  Nuinljor  of  tlie  Kci^'i.stfjr  a  brief  List  of 
MiirriiiL^es  and  Deaths,  conlinin:;  oursi'lvcs  j)rinei[)ally  to  those  whieii  occur  in 
tlie  New  Kuijlaml  States,  or  aiiion;^'  thcjsi;  per.^uns  wlio  are  of  Xew  IliejhuiJ 
origin.     We  give  tliis  (piarter  a  few  as  a  sample. 


JI  A  R  R  I  A  G  E  S .  I 

Ar.i.KN,    Rev.    Sa^u'ei,    H.,   of   Wiiulsor ! 
Locks,  anil  Jki.ia    A.,  iLuii^litcr  ol'    l)r.  ' 
Williiua    S.    Piersoa    of    Wimlsor,    Ct., 
Feb.  lo.  ; 

Bi<i[,  Rlv.  Cn.^RLES  P.,  of  Norwich,  Ct..  i 
and  Pliilippa,  daughter  of  I.  Call,  Esq.,  J 
Charle-slown,  Dec.  31,  ISIO.  i 

EuMoNSTo.N,  Dh.  Edw.\ud,  of  Abinj^ton, 
and  Miss  Bethi.v   Buewster  of  llaii-  , 
son,  Dec.  25,  IhJU.  | 

Fi>E  rciiEii,  S.\  :m  iei.,  Esc;.,  of  Ando*.  er  ami 
Mks.   Hann.\h  C.   Buk.us  ol"  Do  lliain,  ' 
Feb.  2o'.  i 

Gauhner,  Nicholas  R.,  Esq.,  in  the  79th  | 
year  of  his  a^;(?,  and  .Mrs.  AiiKiAiLJ 
ArwooD  in  the  t'iGlh  year  of  h(?r  aije,  I 
both  of  Providence,  R.  I.  It  was  the  ' 
fifth  lime  he  had  taken  the  solemn  vow 
at  the  hymeneal  altar.  There  were  pres-  ! 
ent  his  children,  l.is  grandchildren,  and 
his  great-grandchildren.  ' 

MeKi..\.\E  V,  Rev.  Saiun,  of  Poultney,  Vt , 
and   ELisAUErii  S.,  daiiL,'hter  ol"  Dr.  Hi-' 
ram  Corliss  of  Union  \'illage,  AVa.-^hing-  ' 
ton  Co.,  N.  Y.,  Jan.  27.  j 

jMouse,  Aeiai,,  a  Revolutionary  pensioner,  ] 
a.  80,  and  Mas.  Lucy  Mielek,  a.  13,  , 
Barnard,  Vt.  ' 

Pearson,  Col.  L.  T.,  of  Collinsville,  and  : 
Miss  jE.VNErrE  i^I.  Cauwell  of  ILirt-  | 
ford,  Ct.,  Jan.  2,3.  j 

Pe.nnell,  Rev.  Lewis,  of  "Weston,  and! 
Miss  ^L^RY  C.  Siiekwood  of  Green-  1 
field,  Ct.,  Dec.  .30,  ISIG. 

Pkkerino,  C.  W.,  Lieut.  U.  S.  N.,  and 
jNIakv  p.,  daughter  of  John  Stevens, 
Esi].,  of  Boston. 

U.NiiEinni.i.,  IIe.nky  B.,  teacher  in  Qua- 
])oag  Seminiiry,  Warren, and  IL\uiuei  ie 
T.  Fisic  of  Alhol,  Feb.  l'^. 

"Wasiiiuiun  i;,  J.  W.,  ICS';.,  of  Os;igi'  Prai- 
rie, Arkansas,  and  Ml^s  Sijs.v.n-  C. 
RiDGE,  a  Cherokee,  Jan.  27. 


DEATHS. 

AntoT,  Jacoii,  E<i.i.,  Fiirmington,  Me., 
J,ia.  21,  a.  70.  He  was  the  fifher  of  the 
Abbots,  Nvhose  writings  are  so  generally 
dilfused. 

Aee\a.m)er,  QrAKTius,  Hartland,  Vt, 
Feb.  2S,  a.  SG,  a  Revolutionary  pen- 
sioner. I 

Andrews,  !\rRs.  Joa  nna,  Gbiucester,  J.ui.  > 
20  a.  I(i2.  She  was  prob.ibly  the  oldest  I 
person  in  the  Slate.  | 


Atwkm,,  Cai'T.  Zaciiai:iaii,  Lynn,  a.  07. 
He  commanded  a  vessel  al  the  age  of  2-1, 
ciii-M'd  the  Atlantic  70  tinais,  and  never 
lost  a  mabt  or  a  man. 

Bili(..;s,  William,  Esq.,  Charlestown,  N. 
H.,  Jan.  :j7,  1S17,  a.  71,  D.  C.  17'J'J. 
Attorney. 

Beck,  Dr.  ErnuAiM,  Ju.n.,  Boston,  Feb. 
Id,  a.  33. 

Ci  AUii,  Mrs.  Et..iiA  IL,  Fryeburg,  Me, 
Fe!).  'J,  wife  of  Rev.  William  Clark. 
Gen.  Agent  A.  B.  C.  F.  M 

CoK,  Rev.  Daniel,  Wiiibtead,  Ct.,  Jan.  11. 

Davi^  Ho.n.  Joh.n,  LL.  D.,  Bo.^ton,  Jan. 
11,  a  .'^.•.,  H.  C.  17M,  Judge  of  the  Dist. 
Court  L'.  S. 

Dawi;^,  Pvev.  Howla.M),  of  "Windsor, 
in  [.ynn,  Y.  C.  I'-'ir,. 

Evi.i.ETii,  JosEi'H,  Es(j.,  Salem,  Feb.  3,  a. 
'Jl. 

Easiman,  Luke,  Esq.,  LowcU,  Feb.,  a. 
57,  D.  C.  1812.     Attorney. 

Edson,  Dr.  Alexander,  New  York,  Feb. 
13,  a.  12,  of  inllammation  of  the  lungs, 
known  as  tlie  "  Living  Skeleton,''  and 
a  brother  of  the  celebrated  Calvin  Ed- 
son. 

El.L^  wourii,  Tnioriiy,  E^i;.,  East  "Wind- 
sor, Ct.,  Jan.  T),  a.  C'.i. 

Fi-K,  J..11.N,  Esi,.,  Miiidletown,  Ct.,  Feb. 
J.'i,  a.  70.  He  was  Town  Clerk  fil"ty 
yeai-,,  Treasurer  twenty-four,  and  Clerk 
of  the  County  and  Sujueme  Court  about 
the  same  time. 

Fori.,  Zelotes,  .M.  D.,  Maiden,  N.  Y., 
Feb.  13,  a.  11,  W.  C.  1S2-').  He  uas  an 
I'^lder  in  a  Presbyterian  chh. 

FisiiiH,  EiiENEZEE,  Je.\.,  Esi;.,  of  Con- 
sumption, Dedham,  Jan.  -1,  a.  ;')S,  more 
than  twenty  years  Cashier  of  Dedham 
Bank. 

Gaii;,  Samuel  SriLLMAN,  Esq.,  Liver- 
jjool,  Eng.,  Feb.,  son  of  Rev.  Thomas 
Gair,  the  I'ourth  pastor  of  the  BaKlwin 
Place  Clih.,  Boston.  He  was  connected 
in  business  with  the  hou?e  of  Baring, 
Brothers  ^  Co. 

Gav,  -^h;s.  Martha,  Medwav,  Dec.  31, 
l^-l'i,  widow  of  the  late  "Willard  Gay, 
Esi|.,  of  Dedham,  President  of  ihe  Bank, 
and  daughter  of  the  lale  Re\.  Dr.  Em- 
mons of  Franklin. 

Geou<,e,  .biHN,  Esij.,  Georgia,  Jan.  27,  a. 
30,  D.  C.  ISjS.     Altorneyr 

Gil  ma  \,  Ho.n.  Natiia.mel,  E.vetcr,  N.  H., 
Jan  ':•'>,  a.  b^.  He  had  been  a  Keprcsenl- 
ative  and  Seu.Uor  in  Ci'en.  Court  and 
^-tate  Treasurer. 


\  lA.ii!  <i'A.*.  >y .  ■/■ 


:\-^.i 


■•   u.-;.!' 


V,' 


■,,.■•'/, 


.■>.['.■  '. :: 


£     '1'.   -'•-".'i 


•(.    ..,.;.•    ;.,! 


•TU..,...,  J 


19S 


Miirrln''-r.'i  (iniJ  Bca(Ji.< 


[April, 


(Ju.MAN,  Dk.  Josini,  \\\-\U,  Mf.,  Jan.  1, 
;i.  ".'i.  lie  ^va.■5  Ihe  elitest  son  nf  Uev. 
'JiiblrJiii  (jiliii.m  of  rs'orth  V.uiuoutli, 
Ml'.,  ;i:hl  h;iil  Lui'il  I'lu.iiiliMil  vi  tin.- 
M.iiiie  Medical  Socicly,  and  Doa.  of  the 
Cimil;.  Clili.  for  more  than  thirty  ycaf^. 

Ci' i;i;i;.N  u'ooi),  l''l:^^l.l:^  \V.,  Caiiihiid^'e, 
M.uHi  1.!.  a.  Jl,  II.  C.  l^l.^  and  iiieniber 
of  the  Law  School.  Hi.'  was  a  son  (jf 
the  late  Jiev.  F.  W .  P.  (jreenwoud,  U. 
D.,  of  Bij.-ton. 

n.vi.Loc;:,  Mi:p.,  Steubenville,  O.,  March 
'J,  wife  of  Hon.  Jeremiah  H.  Uallock  and 
only  Uauijhter  of  the  late  liev.  Dr.  Das- 
sell  of  Hebron,  Cl. 

n.vss.vKi),  Ivi:v.  S  a:".!  i; el, Great  Harrington, 
Jan.  13.  V.  C.  lS2i'>,  Keclor  of  the  Kpis- 
copal  clih.  in  that  town. 

Hill,  i^lK.s.  \\\  n  .\  .\ii,  A^hbuiiihain,  March 
I,  a.  75,  mother  of  Ex- Gov.  Hill  of  A'ew 
Hampshire. 

HoLL.\.M),  Dii.  .A  nu.\ii.\:M,  \Val[)ole,  N.  H., 
ab.  March  1,  a.  9(i,  1).  C.  177'.i.  It  i.s  be- 
lieved tliat  no  other  gradnale  of  the  Cul- 
leije  ever  lived  to  so  great  an  age. 

IIiN  ri:R,  Gk.v.  Sir  M.\i:riN,  Anton's  Hill, 
Canada,  a.  89.  He  was  the  last  of  the 
British  oliicers  th.it  survived  the  battle 
of  BunUer  Hill. 

JoiioN.NEr,  M.\.i.  Olivku,  Boston,  Jan.  2.'i, 
a.  S7. 

Ki.Mii.vLL,  Ho.N.  Jf.ssi:,  Bradford,  Ms., 
Dec.  I'.i,  a.  :i.  He  had  been  a  Senator 
in  Ci'en.  Court,  and  a  Dea.  of  the  Cong. 
Chh,  for  more  than  twenty  years. 

MiLLKR,  Col.  Jon.\tm.vn  P.,  Montpeliei-, 
Vt.,  Feb.  17,  a.  50.  He  was  well  known 
for  his  services  in  the  Greek  Revolution. 

NiiWTo.N,  Hri!u.\Rii,  Esi.;.,  Newport,  N. 
H.,  Feb,  15,  a.  07,  D.  C.  1801.    Attorney. 

OinoKNr:,  Ho.N.  GicoKci:,  Boston,  Dec.  1, 
ISU),  a.  SJ,  a  merchant.  Wliile  engaged 
in  business  at  ^lalden  he  fell  and  in- 
stantly expired.  He  had  been  a  Senator 
in  General  Court,  an  Alderman  of  the 
city,  four  years  Cashier  of  one  Bank  and 
ten  years  President  of  another. 

Oiii.LV,  D.vvin  W.,  K.s(i.,  Smyrna,  Asia 
Minor,  Nov.,  iSp;,  U.  S.  Consul  nt  tliat 
placi?. 

Olcuii,  Mrs.  Ch.vrlotti;  A.,  Meriden, 
La.,  Nov.  ■J^^  IMi'i,  a.  39,,  wife  of  Hon. 
Edward  R.  Olcott,  and  daughter  of  the 
late  Thomas  Burns,  Esij.,  of  Gilmanton, 
N.  H. 

P.vi;i.,  Mrs.  H-vruiettf.  E.,  of  Honlton, 
Me.,  Jan.  -M.  a.  2 1.  She  was  the  wife  of 
George  P.  Page,  daughter  of  the  late 
Judge  Thacher  of  Thomaston.  .Me.,  and 
granddaughter  of  the  late  Maj.  Gen. 
Henry  Knox. 

P.\RK,  Ri.v.  C.vT.vis,  Yi.  D,  Slongliton, 
Jan.  5,  a.  7i>.  Dr.  Park  Idled  the  ollices 
of  Tutor  and  Prol'essor,  B.  U.  about  'Jj 
yejrs,  and  in  lb:.'7  he  became  pastor  of 
the  Cong.  chh.  in  Stoughton. 


Pi..\  i;ni)  V,  Hon.  Srr.vnrN,  Amherst,  N. 
11.,  Jan.  19,  a.  (JI.     Attorney. 

PoM),  Kiev.  Enotk,  Jk,  Buikspoit,  Me., 
J).'c.  17,  ISp;,  a.  vu,  B.  C.  is;\  He  was 
a  son  of  Rev.  Dr.  Pond  of  Theo.  Sern'y, 
Bangor,  and  Colleague  Pastor  with  tlie 
Rev.  Isaac  Braman,  Cong.  chh.  George- 
town. 

Pui;ii:u,  Mrs.  FintiLi.v  Dwi.jiit,  New 
York,  Jan.  "JQ,  of  apoplexy,  a.  7ii.  Slie 
was  the  widow  cf  llie  late  Jonathan  Ed- 
wards Porter,  Esq.,  of  Hadley,  the  daugh- 
ter of  Timothy  and  Mary  Dwight.  a  sis- 
ter of  President  Dwight  of  Vale  College, 
and  a  descendant  in  a  direct  line  IVorii 
'Phomas  Hooker,  the  fii.-:t  minister  in 
Hartfoid,  Rev.  J.mies  Pierpont  of  New 
Haven,  and  the  fii.it  President  P2d wards. 

Reki>,  Et.iz.viiKiii  P,  at  the  Abbot  Semi- 
nary in  New  York,  Jan.  '-.'O,  a.  lii,  young- 
est daughter  of  Dr.  Alexander  Jieed  of 
New  Bedford. 

Roniii.vs,  Mrs.  Puiscill.\  A.,  Enfield, 
Ct.,  Dec.  24,  1810,  a.  G'J,  wife  of  Rev.  F. 
L.  Bobbins. 

RoiM-Riso.v,  Du.  AsiiEEL,  "Wethersfield , 
Ct.,  Feb.  18,  a.  GO. 

Roi'KWELL,  Dn.  Alonzo,  Wetherst'ielJ, 
Ct.,  Feb.  11,  a.  -10. 

Roiir.Ks,  Rev.  TnioTiiY  F.,  Bernardston, 
Jan.  -JS,  a.  CO.     H.  C.  1802. 

R<^oT,  (ujv.  Ek.vsiis,  Delhi,  N.  Y.,  a.  73, 
D.  C.  1793,  had  been  a  Rep.  to  Cou- 
irress  and  Lieut. -Cutv.  of  New  York.  He 
ilied  at  the  city  of  New  York,  on  his 
way  to  \\'ashiii;;ton,  D.  C. 

S.MFiu:]),  De.v.  \ViLr,i.\:\r,  Salem,  Feb.  27, 
a.  91. 

S.^wvr. R,  A.\i:oN  Flint.  Escj.,  Nashua, 
N.  H.,  Jan.  1,  a.  07,  J).  C.  l^(»l. 

S.EW.vLL,  Mi:s.  Aiii'..\ii.,  Bo-iton,  a.  SO, 
relict  of  the  late  Chief-Justice  Sewall. 

SnERjsi'RNE,  Jo.s.\iii.\.\,  Portsmouth,  N. 
H.,  Jan.  3.  a.  S'J,  D.  C.  177i-.. 

Si'.\RH.\wK,  Dr.  Geo!:i:e,  Walpole,  N.  H., 
a.  99,  H.  C.  1777.  He  was  one  of  the 
original  members  of  the  New  Hampshire 
Medical  Society,  and  the  last  .survivor, 
exce])t  Ih'.  Green  of  Dover,  N.  H.,  who  is 
the  oldest  graduate  of  Harvard  College 
still  living. 

Steele,  Geokre  Henuy,  Nov.  15,  ISIO. 
He  was  son  of  Jason  Steele,  Esq.,  oi 
ClieUea,  Vt.,  D.  C.  1S15,  a  mendier  of 
the  Dane  Law  School,  H.  V.,  and  died 
at  Cambridge. 

Si'ENENs,  Di;.  ]\Io!;rill,  St.  Johnsbury, 
Vt.,  March  -1,  brother  oi  Hon.  Thaddeus 
Stevens  of  Pennsylvania. 

YEi;MONr,  !Miiii.\EL,  Shutesbury,  Vt., 
March  5,  a.  ab.  100,  a  Canadian. 

Willi  \i  .\  N,  Di:.\.  l\r.E.\zER,  East  Briilge- 
waler,  Dec.  3,  is  10,  a.  91. 

^VlLl.ls,  Ri'.v.  Zriii  \  N I  .VII,  Kingston, 
March  0,  a.  90.  II.  C.  177S.  The  last 
survivor  of  his  Class. 


\  A:.     v.i       \>,l',:,     ■.-, 


.  -M  ..     J  :  .i    f    !.      ■.•     •!     ./  ,  I    '■  it 


1^17.] 


Ni'/iccs   of  Xcir   PtihUraHhn! 


19'J 


NOTICES    OF    N1':\V    PHULICATIOXS. 

The  Ma^sachui,etls  Stale  Record  and  Year  Hook  of  (Jcaend  Lifonniitioii.  IS-IT. 
'•'  Ifmnun  imd  mortal  (ilthoii'^k  ihe  arc,  wc  arc  iui:crtlulc^s  }hjt  iiurc  in-<vlnUd  ic- 
iifj^.  vithiii't  rclntioa  lu  llic  jnisl  or  future.''^ — n.\Mi:i,  \Vi:usti;u.  I;o-1u:i  ; 
I'Libli-lieil  by  James  Fiench,  7S  \V;i-hiiiL'toii  Sti(.'i  t.      is  17. 

This  is  tlie  fust  vcJiinio  fif  a  iii.'W  woik,  and  is  iiilencioil  to  hi?  an  Annual.  Ii  wili 
aim,  ■■  1.  To  Lj'ivL'  annually  tlic  names  ortln-  Slati.-,  County  am!  'I'owii  t)liicc)3,  ami,  i.: 
conr.c'ctioii  theiL'witli,  to  note  liie  (ilijccts  and  n'sults  ofuur  Stale  Lci;i>lalion.  •.'.  '!".) 
tlfvcloii  the  principles  of  tlie  Institutions  of  tlic  Comiiionw  caitli  by  yivin;^  their  ol>;nct3 
a.i  !  ii.'-sal'.s.  3.  To  set  forth  the  kind  and  exleiit  of  business  jiursucJ  by  tlie  inlial.i- 
tnuts.  including  the  learned  professinns.  I  To  ivpicscnt  tlie  social,  inoiai,  and  pli^  =i- 
cal  condition  of  the  jjcople,  as  connected  with  their  i>iirs',uts  and  iccreation.  o.  To 
exhibit  the  mutual  icLitious  of  society,  and  to  embody  the  results  of  the  combined 
action  of  all  in  relation  to  externa!  objects,  with  a  \ieiv  to  the  hijjh  destiny  of  man." 

The  ]>!an  of  t;ie  \vorl<  is  copious  and  judicious,  and  the  due  execution  of  it  \\  ill 
recpiire  study,  labor,  and  exactness.  Tlie  present  volume,  which  embraces  two  hun- 
dred and  ei:,'hty  pa^'es,  is  printed  on  uood  paper  with  fair  type,  and  is  well  bound.  It 
contains  a  great  iiuantity  of  matter,  interesting  and  useful,  and  its  hi-torical  cliaracter 
^vill  rendrM-  it  none  the  li.--;s  so.  Tlie  editor  we  doubt  not  v.ill  exert  !iim:-c!f  to  mal<e 
the  work  desL'r\-iiig  of  public  patronage. 

7j\oi;)-fl/j/u'c(i/  Sketches  of  the  Mond^  Familij ;  cmbnicing  nuticc->  often  Miiii.<lcr!) 
and  icccrul  Laymen,  from  1633  to  1>S4'2. 

'^  Just  men  iJicy  iccrc,  and  all  llicir  xludij  bent 
To  it'orsliip  God  ariuht,  and  know  Itis  works 
'  ;         "  Not  liid ;  nor  those  tilings  last^  udikh  miglit  preserve 

Freedom  ami  peace  to  man.'' 
l>:i    Cunrtcs   C.   P.  Moody.     Boston  :    I'ubli.^heJ  by   Samuel   G.   Drake,   \o. 
5G  Cornhill.     1S17. 

This  r?mo  volume  of  ir.S  jiaizcs,  besides  the  introduction,  contains  a  brief  account  of 
Rev.  Joshua  IMoody,  I'ortsmouth  and  Boston;  llev.  Samuel  Moodv,  Newcastle.  N'.  H., 
and  Falmoutli,  .Me.;  Ilev.  Samuel  .Moody,  pa.stor  of  the  First  Cl'iurch  in  York,  .Me.  ; 
Uev.  Joshua  -Moody,  Star  Islan.i,  N.  IL;  Kev.  Joseph  bloody,  pastor  of  the  Second 
Church  in  York,  Me. ;  Joshua  Mood\-,  Esq ,  Portland,  Me. ;  Dr.  Samuel  Moody,  Tort- 
land,  Me.;  Kev.  John  Abiody,  New  ^taiket,  N.  II.;  Uev.  Amos  bloody,  relliam,  N.  H.; 
-Mr.  F.noch  Moody,  Forllaud,  Me;  De.i.  Ijenjamin  Mood)-,  New  buryport ;  Uev.  Samuel 
Moody,  I'lincipal  of  Dummer  Academy;  Kev.  Silas  .Abjody,  Arundel,  .Me.;  .Mr.  I'aal 
.Moody,  Wallhatn  and  Lowell;  Sle[)hen  Moody,  Ksip,  Cilmantoii,  N.  II.;  Jcscph 
Moody,  Ksip,  Kennebunk,  iMe. ;  Kev.  Kli  Moody,  (Jraiiby,  Ms.;  and  a  List  of  all  the 
Graduates  at  the  New  England  Colleges  by  the  name  of  J\Ioody,  in  number  'SJ.  The 
united  ages  of  the  seventeen  persons  noticed  in  these  sketches  amount  to  l,!-!.'  years, 
averaging  07  years  to  each  —  the  eldest  being  ^2,  and  the  youngest  50  years.  Mr.  Wil- 
liam -Moody  the  principal  progenitor  of  tlie  name  in  New  J'ngland,  came,  according  to 
the  most  authentic  accounts,  fiom  Wales,  I'.n^land,  to  Ipswich  in  lo3Li,  and  removed  to 
.\ewbury  with  tlie  first  settlers  in  li'i3.j.  While  this  work  is  alfectiiiLrly  serious,  .•^ome 
portions  ot  it  paitake  of  the  character  of  novelty.  No  one  can  read  the  notices  of 
Rev.  Joshua  .Moody  of  I'ortsmoutli  and  Boston,  and  of-'  I'atlier  Moody,"  "  Handkerchief 
Moody,"  and  ".Master  .Moody,"' as  they  were  called,  without  being  deeply  interested. 
We  hnpe  the  volume  will  meet  w  itli  a  ready  bale,  and  be  jierused  with  spiiitual  benelit. 

A  Sermon*  deliverid  at  Tly)noid]L  on  tliC  twenty-<iecond  of  December,  ISlii.  JSy 
Murk  ]Iojil:ins,  D.  1).,  President  of  irHliams  College.  Doston  :  Press  ol  T.  K. 
jMarviii,  24  Coui^'ress  Street.      1847. 

The  text  on  which  this  di.-course  is  based  is  contained  in  Matt,  \xiii.:  S.  "  .\nJ 
all  )  e  are  brethren." 

After  the  exordium  and  staling  what  is  indicated  in  that  far-reaching  annunciation 


*  Tliis   Discourse  makes  llic  Juitij-ninth  di-coar<e  oraddivss  delivered  oil  llie^c  Auniver- 
cary  occasions. 


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200  Notices  of  New  Publications,  [April. 

of  the  text,  And  all  yc  are  brdhren,  the  President  says,  "Columbus  sought  a  passage 
to  the  Indies,  and  God  revealed  to  him  the  whole  rounded  inheritance  which  h».  creat- 
ed in  the  beginning,  and  intended  fur  the  use  of  civilized  man.  Our  Fathers  sought 
for  religious  freedom,  and  God  led  Ihcm  on  to  the  practical  recognition  of  those  princi- 
ples laid  down  by  Christ  in  accordance  with  which  alone  man  can  obtain  that  political 
and  social  and  moral  inheritance  of  which  his  nature  is  evidently  capable,  and  which 
we  believe  God  intended  for  liirn."  The  term  brethren  indicates  equality  and  allection, 
and  these  must  form  the  basis  of  a  perlect  society.  This  proposition  Dr.  Hopkiiis 
shows  is  sanctioned  by  the  Scriptures,  and  is  in  accordance  with  the  nature  <(  man. 
Having  proved  and  illustrated  the  proposition,  he  urges  upon  the  descendants  of  the 
Puritans  to  adopt  this  and  this  alone  as  the  basis  of  our  institutions,  and  to  carry  out 
this  great  principle  of  brotherhood.  We  conclude  the  notice  of  this  appropriate  and 
excellent  discourse,  by  quoting  the  closing  address:  "And  now,  my  friends,  is  :'Jt  the 
star  of  hope  which  we  see  in  this  direction,  a  beautiful  star?  It  is  no  meteor  of  a  fer- 
vid imagination,  or  of  a  false  philosophy.  It  is  that  great  idea  of  a  universal  Christian 
brotherhood,  pointed  out  by  Christ,  not  in  the  text  only,  but  everywhere,  as  an  inher- 
ent ))art  of  his  system.  This  star  our  Fathers  saw,  and  is  it  any  wonder,  that  under  its 
inspiration  and  guidance,  they  should  come  across  the  ocean  ''.  Liteially  they  iound  a 
lan'Un;.'  here,  but  figuratively,  the  vessel  which  they  launched  is  yet  upon  the  deep,  the 
multitude  of  their  descendants  is  on  board,  and  we  too  catch  glimpses  of  the  sanne 
bright  star  above  the  troubled  waters.  It  may  be  that  this  vessel  is  not  destined  to 
reach  the  port.  We  hear  moanings  of  the  tempest,  and  see  aspects  of  the  elements 
which  lead  us  to  tremble  for  her.  But  where  the  bright  image  of  this  star  has  once 
fallen,  it  can  never  be  effaced.  This  is  our  star.  To  it  let  the  prow  of  our  vessel  be 
turned.  Let  every  man  be  at  his  post,  never  ashamed  of  the  plain  rigging  of  his  good 
ship,  but  always  hearing  that  voice  of  duty,  and  of  the  God  of  our  Fathers,  which  will 
speak  above  the  roar  of  every  tempest;  and  then  if  our  ship  must  go  down,  the  'vill  of 
God  be  done.  But  then  she  will  not  go  down.  Then  the  hand  which  guided  the  .May- 
flower, will  guide  her.  Then  will  there  be  One  on  board,  as  we  believe  there  always 
has  beet>,  who,  though  he  may  seem  for  a  time  to  be  asleep  in  the  hinder  part  of  the 
ship,  will  yet  come,  when  the  winds  are  loudest,  and  the  waves  are  highest,  and  say, 
'  Peace,  be  still.'  " 

The  Connecticut  Register:  Being  a?i  official  Sta:c  Calendar  of  public  officers 
and  institutions  in  Connecticut,  for  1847.     By  Charles  W.  Bradley,  Jr.,  clerk  in 

the  office  of  the  Secretary  of  State.     "  Vineani tianstulisti.  ejecisti  gentes  et 

planiasli  earn.  Dux  itiiieris  fuisti  in  conspectu  ejus;  piantasti  radices  ejus,  et 
implevit  terrara.  Operuit  montes  umbra  ejus,  ft  arbusta  ejus  cedros  Dei. 
E.xteridit,  palraites  suos  usque  ad  mare,  et  usque  ad  Huinen  piopagines  ejus.'' 
—  Ps.  Lxxx.  Hartford  :  Published  by  Brown  &.  Parsons,  Corner  of  Mali;  and 
Asylum  Streets. 

This  volume  of  224  pages  16mo,  well  printed  and  bound,  for  a  work  of  the  kind,  em- 
braces much  more  Historical  and  Statistical  matter  than  is  usual  in  such  publica*ions; 
as  the  chapter  which  contains  the  Annals  of  Conrecticut,  the  Patent  and  Charter  of 
the  Colony,  Indian  topographical  names  till  now  never  extensively  collected,  list  of 
Colonial  olficers,  and  dates  of  town  and  court  incorporations.  The  dilficulty  which  has 
heretofore  existed  in  tracing  out  genealoijies  from  the  records  of  the  iMortuary  Courts, 
is  in  part  obviated  by  the  table  of  their  territoiial  changes.  The  author,  connected  as 
he  was,  with  the  records  of  the  State,  possessed  peculiar  advantages  in  preparing 
the  work  The  Register  contains  all  the  above  articles  in  addition  to  those  which 
have  generally  been  inserted  in  its  predecessors.  It  is  a  valuable  book,  and  should  be 
in  the  hands  of  every  family  in  the  State. 


{(^  We  regret  that  we  have  not  room  to  notice  other  interesting  publications 
which  wo  have  received.  We  shall  give  notices  of  them  in  the  next  number  of 
the  RejTister. 


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HISTORICAL  AND  GENEALOGICAL  PxEGISTEE. 


VOL.  I.    ,/.  \  ,    ,.     .         JULY,  1847.  NO.  3. 


MEMOIR  OF  GOVERNOR  ENDECOTT* 

It  is  now  upwards  of  two  centuries  and  a  quarter  since  the  des- 
potic sway  of  the  English  Sovereigns  over  the  consciences  of  their 
subjects,  induced  all  who  entertained  different  sentiments  from  those 
of  the  established  churcii,  to  turn  their  eyes  towards  the  wilderness 
of  America,  as  an  asylum  from  the  unnatural  persecutions  of  the 
Mother  Country. 

With  this  in  view,  some  of  the  principal  men  among  those  who 
had  already  sought  a  refuge  in  Holland,  commenced  treating  with 
the  Virginia  Company,  and  at  the  same  time  took  measures  to  ascer- 
tain whether  the  King  would  grant  them  liberty  of  conscience  should 
they  remove  thither.  They  ultimately  efrectcd  a  satisfactory  arrange- 
ment with  the  Company,  but  from  James  they  could  obtain  no 
public  recognition  of  religious  liberty,  but  merely  a  promise,  that  if 
they  behaved  peaceably  he  would  not  molest  them  on  account  of 
their  religious  opinions. 

On  the  6th  of  September,  1620,  a  detachment  from  the  Church 
at  Leyden  set  sail  from  Plymouth  for  the  Virginia  territory,  but 
owing  to  the  treachery  of  the  master,f  they  were  landed  at  Cape 
Cod,  and  ultimately  at  Plymouth,  on  the  ]1lh  day  of  December 
following.  Finding  themselves  without  the  jurisdiction  of  tlie  Vir- 
ginia Company,  they  established  a  distinct  government  for  them- 


*  Tins  IMcinoir  is   an  abstract,  (taken  by  permission,)  of  a  "  Memoir  ol"  John  Endecoll, 

First  Covemor  oflhe  Colony  ol'  Massaelmsell.-,  ]5av,  by  Charles  M.  Kndicoit.  a  ilesecniiaiit, 

of  the  seventh  -eneralion  :"  — a  work  w.'ll  preiian'.l,  a'liil  hatulsoiuclv  I'rinteil  in  fnlio  lonn, 

j  containinj;  llo  patres,  and  just  i>siied  iVoni  iho  pnss,  soIl-1v  lur  the  private  use  ol'  the  liunily. 

j  Our  Memoir  will  be  introduoc<l  with  a  few  nieliiiiiiiarv  rViuaiks,  and,  oee,i>ioiuilly,  will  be 

j  interspersed  with  passai:es  respeetnifr  the  early  history  of  the  conntry. 

[     •  t  •''ee  Morton's  New  Etiidaiid  Memorial.     The  I'lanter's  Plea  noiiees  the  event  as  rather 

,  tlie  clleet  oC  accident  !rom  the  prevailing  winds  than  any  desifc'-n  on  the  part  of  the  master. 

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selves.    III  the  ycnr  li)-^!,  tli,j  sucefss  of  ihi.s  planlatioii  was  so  favor- 
ably represented  in  llie  A\'cst  of  J'lii^'Iaud,  ihat  the  llev.  John  White, 
a  dirftingnished  niiiiisler  in  Dorehester,  jjrevailed  upon  some  mer- 
chants and  otlur.ti  to  underltike  another  selllenienl  in  New  England. 
Having  j)rovi(led  a  common  stock,  they  sent  over  several  persons  to 
begin  a  plantation  at  Cape  Ann,  \vhere  they  were  joined  by  some 
disaffected  individuals  from  the  Plymouth  settlement.    This  project 
was  soon  abandoned  as  unj)roHtable,  and  a  portion  of  the  settlers 
removed  westward  within  the  territory  of  Xaumkeag,  which  then 
^    included  what  is  now  Manchester.     ])y  the  intercession  and  great 
exertions  of  Mr.  White,  the  project  of  a  settlement  in  that  quarter 
was  not   altogether  relinquished,  but  a  new  company   was   soon 
afterwards  formed.     One  of  this  company,  and  the  princijjal  one  to 
carry  its  objects  into  immediate  elTect,  was  the  subject  of  this  Memoir. 
He  was  in  the  strictest  sense  of  the  word  a  Puritan,  —  one  of  a  sect 
composed,  as  an  able  foreign  writer  has  said,  of  the  "  most  remark- 
able body  of  men  which  perhaps  the  world   has  ever  produced. 
They  were  men  whose  minds  had  derived  a  peculiar  cliaracter  from 
^  the  daily  coniemi)lali()n  of  r?u{)erior  beings  and  eternal  interests. 
.  Xot  content  with  acknowledirin?  in  general  terms  an  overruling 
■   Providence,  they  habitually  ascribed  every  event  to  the  will  of  the 
.   Great  Being  for  whose  power  nothing  was  loo  vast,  for  whose  in- 
spection nothing  was  too  minute.     To  know  him,  to  serve  him,  to 
enjoy  him,  was  with  them  the  great  end  of  existence.    They  rejected 
with  contemjit  the  cereiuonious  homage  which  other  sects  substitu- 
ted for  the  homage  of  the  soul.     On  the  rich  and  the  elo<iuenf,  on 
nobles  and  priests,  they  looked  down  with  contemi)t;  for  they  es- 
teemed themselves  ricii  in  a  more  precious  treasure,  and  clociuenl 
in  a  more  sublime  language;  nobles  by  the  right  of  an  earlier  crea- 
tion, and  priests  by  the  imposition  of  a  mightier  hand." 

Jon.\  ExDKcoTT,  whose  name  is  so  intimately  associated  with 
the  first  settlement  of  this  country,  and  with  whose  early  history  his 
own  is  so  closely  interwoven,  that,  in  the  language  of  the  late  Rev.  Dr. 
Bcnlley,-^-  "above  all  others  he  deserved  the  name  of  the  Father  of 
Nkw  Exglam),"  was  borji  in  Dorehosti'r,  Dorsetshire,  England,  in 
the  year  P)SS.  He  was  a  man  of  gooil  inlt-llectual  endowments 
and  mental  culture,  and  of  a  fearless  and  independent  si)irit,  \\liii-h 
well  lilted  him  for  the  various  and  trying  duties  he  was  di'siined  to 
perform.    Of  his  early  life,  and  private  and  domestic  eharacter,  little 

*  Lollor  lo  IJK- elder  AJ.ims,  ;im..n^  llu-  MSS   ..iilu-  .M.i-s.ulnisfUs  Hi^utumI  So.u-ty 


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IS47.]  Governor  KiuhroU.  203 

is  known;  neillicr  arc  wo  much  better  inforiiiecl  as  lo  liis  parentage, 
except  that  liis  family  was  of  respet-tablc  standing  and  niod(.'rate 
lortnnes.  lie  bclongetl  to  that  class  in  J'lnghuid  called  esquires,  or 
gentlemen,  composed  int)stly  at  that  period  of  the  independent  land- 
holders of  the  realm.  With  thi'  exeeplion,  therefore,  of  a  few  lead- 
ing incidents,  we  are  reluctantly  o!)liLred  to  [lass  (.)ver  n<;arly  the 
whole  period  of  Air.  Ihidecoll's  life,  jirevions  to  his  engaging  in  the 
liiiterprise  for  iIk;  settlement  of  New  I'higland.  History  is  almost 
silent  ui)on  the  subject,  and  the  tradition  of  the  family  has  been  but 
imperfectly  transmitted  and  preserved.  His  letters,  the  only  written 
productions  wliich  are  left  us,  furnish  internal  evidence  that  he  was 
a  man  of  liberal  education  and  cultivated  mind.  There  are  proofs 
of  his  having  l)ecn,  at  some  period  of  his  life,  a  surgeon;^  yet,  as 
he  is  always  alluded  to,  in  the  earliest  records  of  the  IMassachusetls 
Company,  by  the  title  of  Captain,  there  can  be  no  doubt  whatever 
that  at  some  time  previous  lo  his  emigration  to  this  couiUry,  he  had 
held  a  commission  in  the  army;  and  his  subsequently  passing 
through  the  several  military  grades  to  that  of  Sergeant  IMajor-Gen- 
cral  of  Massachusetts,  justifies  this  conclusion,  while  the  causes  which 
led  lo  this  change  in  his  profession  catuiot  now  be  ascertained. 

While  a  resident  in  London,  he  married  a  lady  of  an  intluenlial 
family,  by  the  name  ol'  Aiuia  Gouer,  by  whom,  it  is  understood,  he 
had  no  children.  She  was  cousin  to  Mallhew  Cradock',  the  Gov- 
ernor of  the  JMassachusells  Company  in  ]']ngland.  If  tradition  be 
correct,  the  circumstances  which  brought  about  this  connection  were 
similar  to  those  which  are  related  of  John  Aldcn  and  IMilcs  Standish. 
Some  needle-work,  wrought  by  this  lady,  is  still  preserved  in  the 
Museum  of  the  Salem  East  India  iMarine  Society.-f  Mr.  Endecott 
was  also  a  broihcr-in-law  of  Roger  Ludlow,  Assistant  and  Deputy 
Governor  of  Massachusetts  Colony,  in  the  year  1G3I,  and  afterwards 
famous  for  llie  distinguished  part  Ik;  took  in  the  govermnent  of 
Connecticut. 

Ikit  Mr.  Endecolt's  highest  claim  lo  disllndion  rests  upon  the  fact 
that  he  was  an  intrepid  and  success^fnl  leader  o'i  the  Pilgrims,  and 
the  earliest  pioneer  of  ihe  Massachusetts  settlement  under  the  Patent. 
His  name  is  foimd  enrolleil  among  the  very  foremost  of  that  noble 
b;uul,  the  fathers  and  foundta's  of  ?\ew  hhiiiland  —  those  pious  and 
devout  men,  who,  firm   in  the   faiih  of  the  g(i>pel.  and  trusting  in 

*  'I'lii'  \U\'.  Mr.  I'llt  li.is  iri'i-iillv  rouiiil  aiMiinj  -iiiur  pMjJiTs  ;it  llio  Slati-  IIoii«\  I'.'M.ui. 
a  lull  iiKidu  oin  111  I  iiA-.  l^iulci-.iii'.s  u\\\\  iiaiiil-\\  ruin.',  aiiii  (.if-fiilcil  to  lin.'  (Jfiier.il  Cuiirl,  lor 
iIk-  i-iirf  (if  a  iiMU  i-oiiiiiiiiti.i  h>  III-  i-inv      II,.  ihrrc  >i\li'?i  Iiciii-lII  "  CliinirnCuii.'' 

t  Dc'ixiNitcd  tliorc  hy  C,  -M,  l'.tuli..-oll,  I-'m].,  hi  1s,n.  ' 


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;:,^.U!     -:;    -•■■>    r     .       ,  :,,..    'i;   ..;,.•     .,,;,„;,    -;:;lo 

''  M     ■     ..li    w:   p;    ,    :  /•,;,|     itiiji    :.,,;■!(,  _   ),;   }i;,-!j 


.tr.!i:r-'V:'VM-    ■-■'   ,.,,.,,  k 


;  O  I  ■','■  ■ 


'■•1(1'  •',     '.lU'l       i-  : 


".  "'   ' "  '.  •1}^  >'.   '.;.•"  .■•',-,[•■!)   'I  •   I. .,    Mil  ,1  ,v  .,.  .. 


204  ■...,.,„,  Monoir  of  '■-  [July, 

God,  went  fearlessly  forwanl  in  tlic  daring  ciitcrpripc,  and  hewed 
llu'ir  liornes  and  their  altars  out  of  ilie  wild  forcvst,  where  they  could 
worship  "the  C!od  of  their  fathers  agreeably  to  the  dictates  of  their 
own  conseiences."  Such  was  the  persecution  to  which  the  Non-con- 
formists in  England  were  at  this  period  subjected,  that  the  works  of 
nature  were  the  only  safe  witnesses  of  their  devotions.  Deriving  no 
honor,  so  far  as  we  know,  from  illustrious  ancestry,  I\Ir.  Endecotl 
was  the  architect  of  his  own  fame,  and  won  the  laurels  which  encircle 
his  name  amid  sacrifices,  sullerings,  and  trials,  better  suited  to  adorn 
an  historical  romance,  than  to  accomj)any  a  plain  tale  of  real  life. 

Under  the  guidance  and  influence  of  the  Rev.  Air.  Skelton,  he 
embraced  the  princij)les  of  the  Puritans;  and  in  the  beginning  of 
the  year  1G2S,  associated  himself  with  Sir  Henry  Roswell,  Sir  John 
Young,  Simon  Wheteomb,  John  IIumphrey,and  Thomas  Southcoat. 
in  the  purchase  of  a  gi'ant,  "  by  a  considerable  sum  of  money,"  for 
ihc  settlement  of  the  Massachusetts  Bay,  from  the  Plymouth  Council 
in  England.  This  grant  was  subsequently  confirmed  by  Patent 
from  Charles  I.  Mr.  Endecott  was  one  of  the  original  patentees, 
and  among  the  first  of  that  company  who  emigTated  to  this  country. 

Whatever  may  have  been  the  objects  of  the  first  settlers  generally 
in  colonizing  New  England,  there  can  be  no  doubt  that  his  was  the 
establishment  and  enjoyment  of  the  gospel  and  its  ordinances,  as 
he  supposed,  in  primitive  purity,  umnolcsted.  AVith  him  it  was 
wholly  a  religious  enterprise. 

He  sailed  from  Weymouth,  in  the  ship  Abigail,  Henry  Gau- 
dcn,  master,  on  the  20ih  of  June,  1G:2S,  and  arrived  in  safety  at 
Naumkeag,  the  place  of  his  destination,  on  the  Glh  of  September 
following.    The  company  consisted  of  about  one  hundred  planters. 

The  following  extract  from  "Johnson's  Wonder- Working  Prov- 
idence "  will  illustrate  the  estimation  in  which  he  was  held  at  this 
period.  "The  much  honored  John  Lulicat  came  over  with  them,  to 
governe;  a  fit  instrument  to  bi-gln  this  Wildernesse-worke;  of  cour- 
age bold,  undaunted,  yel  sociable,  and  of  a  cheerfuU  ?})irit,  loving 
and  austere,  applying  himselfe  to  either  as  occasion  served.  And 
now  let  no  man  be  oflended  at  the  Author's  rude  A'erse,  penned  of 
purpose  to  keepe  in  memory  the  Names  of  such  wortliies  as  Christ 
made  strong  for  himselfe,  in  this  unwonted  worlce  of  Ins. 

'^Joltn  End'unt,  twice  Corcr/iur  o/l/tr  Kn^lisJi,  i/tJiahiti/ig  the 
Mdtftichitscts  Bay  in  N.  E>ii:lti)uJ. 

"  Strong  valiant  John,  wilt  tliou  niarrli  on,  .inJ  take  up  station  first, 
Christ  cal'd  hatli  thee,  his  Souldier  be,  and  failc  not  of  tliy  trust ; 


■■   ■  1       Ml,     :  i'l'^  ',/ 


V:0  \    '  K\ 


ill    J.'V'ji'-  ;.  ,       . 


,;      ...,:-Mi    ;J'  ■,.;'       ,.'■.;]         ..,,,        j;^       .,.,.;     .,) 


I  i)l- 


" : : .'   f ,:  ." 


■JV  If")  I. 


i:   .'  .-j'T''',  ^M.,L-.  1     :-i 


.  I : ;  ■    ,';•'( 


'1.1  -,, 


,,(',' 


l/'y 


;;..  /  .;,!..  ,  i<-,hn,     .vn 


1        f 


1847.]  Govcniur  Endrcutt.  205 

WilJcrness  wants  Clirists  j^racGSH|)[)lants,  then  plant  his  Churclics  pure, 
"W^itli  Toni^ues  gifted,  and  graces  led,  liel[)  thou  to  his  procure  ; 
Undaunted  tliou  wilt  not  allow,  I\Ialignnnt  men  to  wast: 
Chriats  Vineyard  hecre,  whose  grace  should  clicer  his  well-beloved's 

last. 
Then  honored  be,  tliy  Christ  hath  tlice  their  General  promoted; 
To  shew  their  love  in  place  aljovc,  his  [leoplc  have  thee  voted. 
Yet  must  thou  fall,  to  grave  with  all  the  Nobles  of  the  Earth. 
Thou  rotting  worme  to  dust  must  turn,  and  worse  but  for  new  birth." 

To  this  company,  under  iMideeott,  belongs  the  honor  of  having 
formed  the  first  permanent  ami  legally  recognized  settlement  of  the 
Massachusetts  Colony.  AVe  do  not  say  that  they  were  \\\cjirst  white 
men  who  ever  trod  the  soil ;  for  we  know  when  Endecott  landed 
on  these  shores,  he  found  here  a  few  risliermen  and  others,  the  rem- 
nant of  a  planting,  trading,  and  llshing  establishment,  previously 
commenced  at  Cape  Ann,  under  the  auspices  of  some  gentlemen 
belonging  to  Dorchester,  his  native  place,  but  soon  abandoned  for 
want  of  success.  Their  leader,  the  Ilev.  John  Lyford,  had  already 
emigrated  to  Virginia,  and  those  of  that  company  who  removed 
their  etlects  to  Salem,  consisted  at  that  time  of  some  five  or  six  per- 
sons, most  of  whom  were  seccders  from  the  settlement  at  Plymouth. 
They  were,  however,  only  sojourners,  disall'ected  with  the  place, 
and  requiring  all  the  interest  and  entreaties  of  the  Rev.  John  While, 
a  noted  minister  in  Dorchester,  to  prevent  them  from  forsaking  it 
altogether,  and  following  Mr.  Lyford  to  Virginia.^  Eut  higher  mo- 
tives and  deeper  purposes  iired  the  souls  and  stimulated  the  iiearts 
of  Mr.  Endecott  and  his  friends  to  commence  a  settlement,  and 
to  form  new  homes  for  themselves  and  their  posterity  in  this  wil- 
derness, before  which  the  mere  considerations  of  trallic  and  gain 
sink  into  comparative  insignificance.  It  was  the  love  of  religion 
implanted  decj)  in  the  heart,  that  gave  impulse  and  permanency  to 
the  settlement  at  Naumkeag,  and  the  Massachusetts  Colony  gener- 
ally; and  the  commencement  of  this  era  was  the  arrival  of  Endecott 
with  the  first  detachment  of  those  holy  and  devout  men  who  valued 
earthly  pursuits  only  so  far  as  they  were  consistent  with  religion. 
It  was  also  at  this  period  that  u  sort  of  definite  reality  was  imparted 
to  tliis  region.  Previously  to  this  it  liad  been  viewed  as  a  sort  of 
frrra  iiirog-iuia,  situated  somewhere  in  the  wilderness  of  America. 
But  the  arrival  of  the  Pilgrims  at  this  time  dispelled  the  uneerlainfy 
in  which  it  had  l)ef(n-e  been  wraj)ped,  and  at  the  same  time  threw 

♦  I'lihaiis   Ki.-or  (.'.Ml. lilt  aii.l  iwo  or  time  i.tliL-r>,  in  .-onic  rc>iuct>,  iiii-lil   li:i\o  I'Oi'U 

fXCililloii:,. 


:u<..';  '■     :i  ■   ,' 


I  dull 
-        .J 


1.':     1- 


.1  .    n.'  -,•■-;;  •:■:;/-:        r-H^j''.    '    if   o) 


..  J 


-On  Memoir  of  '  [July, 

aroiiiitl  it  the  warmest  syinpalliics  and  most  earnest  policilude  of 
large  iminbers  who  had  nowljecoirie  deeply  intere.-led  in  its  welfare. 
We,  therelore,  consider  tin-  laiidini:  of  l^iulecoit  at  lhi>  place,  as  em- 
phatically the  eommencement  of  its  permanent  sclllement,  as  an 
asylum  for  the  j^ersecnted  and  oppressed  of  the  .Mother  Country.  All 
prcviiius  visiters  wwc  comparatively  adventurers,  with  motives  and 
purposes  wiilely  dillerent  from  those  of  that  little  band  who  first  rested 
upon  this  s|K)t  on  the  Gdi  of  September,  ir)-2S.  On  that  day,  so  lo 
sj)eak,was  Ijreathed  into  the  settlement  of  Naumkcag  the  breath  of 
life,  and  it  became  as  it  were  endued  widi  a  living  soul,  folding  within 
its  embrace  the  dearest  interests  and  most  cherished  rights  of  hu- 
manity, unrivalled  in  the  interest  she  will  ever  excite  as  the  most 
ancient  town  in  the  Alassachusetts  Patent. 

On  Mr.  Kndecott's  arrival,  he  made  known  to  the  planters  who 
preceded  him,  that  he  and  his  associate  patentees  had  purchased 
all  the  properly  and  ])rivileges  of  the  l^orchesler  partners,  both  here 
and  at  Cape  Ann.  lb,-  shortly  after  removed  from  the  latter  i)lacc, 
for  his  own  private  residence,  the  frame  house,  which  a  few  years 
before  had  l)een  erected  there  by  the  Dorchester  Company.  It  was 
a  tasteful  edifice,  of  two  stories  high,  and  of  the  prevailing  order  of 
architecture  at  that  period,  called  the  Elisabethean,  which  was  but 
of  slight  remove  from  the  Ciothic.  Some  of  its  hard  oak  frame  may 
still  be  found  in  the  building  at  the  corner  of  \Vashington  and 
Church  streets,  Salem,  commonly  known  at  this  day  as  the  "Endi- 
eott  House." 

The  alteration  which  now  took  jilace  in  the  aflairs  of  the  infant 
colony  did  not  meet  with  favor  from  the  first  jilanters,  and  for  a 
while  prevented  jierfect  harmony  from  prevailing  in  the  settlement. 
"  One  of  the  sul)jects  of  discord  was  the  propriety  of  raising  tobacco, 
Mr.  Endecolt  and  his  council  1)elieving  such  a  production,  except 
for  medicinal  purposes,  injurious  bodi  to  health  and  morals."  Be- 
sides this,  they  probably  viewed  with  no  favorable  eye  the  agree- 
ment in  sentiment  between  Mr.  Endecott  and  the  Plymouth 
Church  as  to  the  j^ropriety  of  abolishing  the  ritual  forms  of  worship 
of  the  Church  of  Enghand  ;  for  an  adherence  to  which  they  had 
already  been  obliged  to  leave  the  Plymouth  settlement.  Mr.  En- 
decott  represented  these  dillicultics  lo  the  home  government;  and 
in  answer  to  his  commimication  they  sav,  ''That  it  may  appear 
as  well  to  all  the  worlde  as  to  the  old  planters  themselves,  that  we 
seke  not  to  make  them  slaves,  as  it  seems  by  your  letter  some  of 
lliem  thini;  themselves  to  be  [)ecome  by  means  of  our  jjatent,  they 


V,   -.U  ivr,V 


'[!;■ 


'.'  ).r  ■:'-■ 


'•I 


■:    •!■!.;    •.'.-.  :. 


'(     :   Mi'flJ    iliivil   a;);!' 


1847.]  Gorcnior  Enihant.  207 

arc  allowed  to  br:  i)artakcrs  with  us  in  all  llio  jirivilegcs  wc  have 
with  so  HHuh  labor  aticl  intercession  obtained  from  the  King;  to  Ije 
incorporated  into  the  society,  and  (Mijoy  not  only  those  lands  which 
formerly  they  have  manured,  but  sueh  a  further  proporticMi  as  the 
civil  authorities  think'  best."  'I'hey  were  also  allowed  the  c.ixluslcc 
privilege  of  raising  their  l'avc)rite  weed  —  tobacco. 

The  Comj^any's  Court  in  Jiondon,  actuated  by  that  true  sense  of 
justice  which  ever  marked  its  deliberations,  were  determined  not  to 
trespass  on  any  of  the  rights  of  the  ai)origines  ;  and  to  this  purpose 
in  their  first  two  eonunuilicalions  to  Mr.  Ihidecott,  they  desired 
him  to  take  especial  care,  "that  no  wrong  or  injury  b(-  ofiered  by 
any  t)f  our  people  to  the  natives  there,"'  and  to  satisfy  I'Vtry  ju>t 
claim  which  might  Ijc  made  by  iliem  to  the  territory  o[  Xaumkeag 
and  the  j)lant;Uion  gejierally.  To  this  record  the  sons  of  the  "Pil- 
grims have  ever  turned  with  jieculiar  jiride  and  exultation.  And, 
says  Felt,  "  h'rom  his  well-known  promptitude  and  high  sen>e  of 
ecjuity,  there  can  be  no  doubt  that  I\Ir.  Endccotl  fulfilled  every  ioia 
of  such  instructions.*'  In  his  first  letters  to  the  home  govermnenl, 
lie  suggested  various  things  to  advance  the  interests  of  the  Colony  ; 
such  as  the  manufacture  of  salt,  cultivation  of  vineyards,  sending 
over  fruit-stones  and  kernels,  grain  for  seed,  wheal,  barley,  and  rye; 
also  certain  domesticated  animals;  all  i>f  which  were  shortly  after 
transported  to  this  country. 

The  answer  to  this  letter  bears  the  date  of  Ai)ril  li),  1G29, 
wliercin  thi-y  inform  him,  that  the  Company  "are  much  erdarged 
since  his  departure  out  of  England,"  and  lor  strengthening  their 
grant  from  the  Council  at  Plymouth,  they  had  obtained  a  con- 
firmation of  it  from  his  Majesty  by  his  Letters  Patent,  under  tlie 
broad  seal  of  England;  incorporating  them  into  a  body  politic,  with 
ample  powers  to  govern  and  rule  all  his  Majesty's  subjects  that 
reside  within  the  limits  of  their  plantation  ;  and  that,  in  jiroseeuliou 
of  the  good  opinion  ihev  have  always  entertained  ol  him,  they 
have  confirmed  him  (iovernor  of  the  Colony.  No  ad\cnlitious 
circumstances  of  fortune  or  birth  aided  him  in  his  appointujciit  to 
this,  even  then  responsil)le  ollic-e  ;  for  although  the  Colony  was  at 
this  time  few  in  immbers  and  I'ceble  in  cllort,  yet  in  its  ^uccess 
were  involved  the  most  momentous  interests,  and  cNaay  thing  de- 
jiended  upon  the  right  imi)nls(;  and  direction  being  ;,iven  to  its 
aftairs.  In  the  words  of  the  llecortl,  "haAing  taken  into  ^\\\v  con- 
sideration the  hicrill,  u-(irlh,\uid  i:(i(iil  <lcst/i  of  Captain  .lohn  ]'aide- 
cott,  and  others  lately  gone  over  from  heme,  with  i)inpo^e  to  rc.-yde 


'M'v      i'lV 


.;••,:•/'  ...,,,,1 .. 


J '. '  .1  ■  .  '.'I     ' 


1  ll  • . 


''■4 ;• 


>!3:;fi  I'll"  ■toi'ii:!  (rir;;t1  f.r^  liliv/ 


/'♦..•■Ii.  '  ..■: 


•    !■•     ..;i(.    -■'   Vi;.'  .  .,•  V.   ;„ 


I. 


■(<';, /'vj    ■,;];  1>: 


■•   i^    •  •  Ml    II     ••' 


.1  :   ■  •  / 


f/; 


i.'M.,.:} 


,;.., 


I'. ,., 


'    K        'I. 


;;,    ,        ,  .•     .  ■■■,'.'■    ^  ■■;''•     'll:  \'.'--i  >■■  . 


;■.)    Ui  •!•    ;^ilf 


20S  ;•    .      Memoir  of  [Julyj 

and  continue  there,  wee  have  with  full  consent  and  author! tic  of 
this  Court,  and  creecon  of  hands,  chosen  and  elected  the  said  Cap- 
tain John  Endecoll  to  the  phice  of  i)resent  Govcrnour  of  said  Plan- 
tation."    They  furllier  speak  of  the  conlidence  tiiey  rej)osc  in  him, 
in  tlius  committing'  the  alfairs  of  the  Colony  into  his  hands.     Gov. 
Cradoek  also  eoniplinienis  him  upon  his  motives  and  conduct;  and 
the  Company  inform  him,  that  tjiey  are  disappointed  of  the  pro- 
visions ordered  to  be  sent  for  himself  and  Mrs.  Endecott,  but  (God 
wilhng,)  they  purpose  to  send  them  by  the  next  vessel.     It  is  also 
believed  that  at  this  time  Mr.  Endecott  ordered  the  fruit-trees,  which 
afterwards  constituted  his  orchard  upon  the  farm  granted  him  in 
1G3--2,  of  which  one  venerable  patriarch,  the  celebrated  old  pear-tree, 
yet  remains,  having  withstood  the  "pcltings  of  pitiless  storms"  for 
upwards  of  two  hundred  winters,  and  still  dropping  down  its  rich 
fruit  into  the  bosoms  of  his  distant  descendants. 
,    In  a  second  letter,  ilated  the  '2S\h  of  May  following,  the  Compa- 
ny remark:    "Wee  have  sithence  our  last,  and  according  as  we 
there  advised,  at  a  ft///  and  ample  Court  assembled  elected  and  es- 
tablished you,  Captain  John  Endecott,  to  the  place  of  present  Gov- 
crnour of  our   Plantation  there,  as  also  some  others  to  be  of  the 
Council  with  you,  as  more  particularly  you  will  perceive  by  an 
Act  of  Court  herewith  sent,  confirmed  by  us  at  a  General  Court 
and  sealed  with  our  common  seal."  -i 

The  model  of  the  Government  established  by  this  "  Act  of 
Court,"  consisted  of  a  Governor,  and  twelve  persons  as  a  Council, 
styled  "Tin:  (Jovkk.voi.k  and  Council  or  London's  Plantation 
IN  Tui:  Mattaciiusktts  Bay  in  New  England."  They  were  to 
elect  a  Deputy-Governor,  for  the  time  being,  from  among  their 
number;  were  authorized  also  to  choose  a  Secretary  and  other 
needful  officers.  They  were  empowered  to  fill  vacancies  in  their 
body,  occasioned  by  death  or  otherwise.  The  Governor,  or  in  his 
absence  the  Deputy,  might  call  Courts  at  pleasure,  and  they  had 
power  to  establish  any  laws  not  at  variance  with  those  of  England; 
"  to  administer  justice  upon  malefactors,  and  inflict  condiirn  pun- 
isliment  upon  all  oirenders."  To  make  an  act  valid,  the  Governor 
or  his  ]X>puty  was  always  to  vote  with  the  majority.  A  form  of 
oath  was  sent  over  at  this  time  to  be  administered  to  iMr.  Endecott 
as  Governor,  and  one  also  for  the  other  oHicers  of  the  government, 
lie  took  the  oath  and  was  inducted  into  olfice.  Here,  then,  we 
conceive,  is  direct  and  incontrovertible  testimony  that  I'^ndecott  was 
app(.inied   the  Jirs/.  Governor  of  Massaehusi'tls  under  its  Colonial 


<•.  J    :«     ■'■  t<,    ;   ; 


r^r.g 


'.!;•  .    ."!.;j  .  .;it;  i. 


1847.]      ''"  Governor  Endccott.      ^  209 

Cliarter  from  the  King.  It  is  so  stated  by  Joselyn,  Hutchinson, 
and  Prince.  lie  received  the  Charter,  and  tlic  docunriciitary  evi- 
dence of  his  conslitiuional  authority  as  (iovcrnor,  both  at  the  same 
time.  To  Mr.  Kndeeott  was  given,  to  act  under  it,  all  tlie  pow- 
ers which  his  immediate  successors  ever  exercised.  Tliey  were  con- 
ferred upon  him  too,  by  the  same  body  who  subsequeiUly  elected 
INIr.  Winthrop  to  that  ollice.  The  abolishment  of  the  bpard  of 
control  in  England,  and  the  transfer  of  ''the  government  of  the 
plantation  to  those  that  shall  inhabit  there,"  and  instead  of  choosing 
the  Colonial  Croverimrs  in  Old  l^ngland  by  members  of  the  Compa- 
ny there,  to  choose  tliem  by  members  of  the  same  Company  who 
were  in  New  England,  could  not  weaken  the  validity  of  his  claim 
to  be  considered  they//>7  (Iovcrnor  of  the  Massachusetts  Colony. 

It  was  well  for  .Mr.  iMidecott  that  he  possessed  an  ardent  and 
sanguine  temperament,  which  nothing  could  daunt,  otherwise  the 
innumerable  discouraging  circumstances  which  met  him  in  this,  his 
new  abode,  in  every  form,  amid  sickness,  death,  and  privations  of 
every  kind,  well  suited  to  appal  the  stoutest  hearts,  would  no  doubt 
have  wrought  their  eflects  upon  him,  to  the  prejudice  of  the  whole 
plantation.  But  such  was  the  energy  and  firmness  of  his  character, 
aided,  no  doubt,  by  a  religious  enthusiasm,  which  induced  the  be- 
lief that  it  was  the  purpose  of  Cod  to  give  them  the  land  of  the 
heathen  as  an  iniuTitance,  that  neither  his  faith  nor  confidence  in 
the  ultimate  success  of  the  undertaking  ever  for  a  moment  forsook 
him.  In  every  crisis,  this  little  band  looked  to  him,  as  the  weather- 
beaten  and  tempest-tossed  mariner  looks  to  his  commander,  next  to 
Goel,  for  encouragement  and  su])})ort;  and  they  did  not  look  in  vain. 
Such  was  the  great  mortality  among  them,  during  the  Hrst  winter 
after  their  arrival,  arising  I'rom  exposure  to  the  rigors  of  an  untried 
climate,  and  their  being  badly  fed  and  badly  lodged,  that  there  were 
scarcely  found  in  the  settlement  well  persons  enough  to  nurse  and 
console  llie  sieic.  'i'o  enhance  their  distress,  they  were  destitute 
of  any  regular  mctlieal  assislanct'.  In  this  ])ainful  dilemma  a  mes- 
senger was  despatched  by  Mr.  iMidecott  to  C!ov.  Bradl'ord,  of  the 
Plymouth  setlhauent,  to  j)rocure  the  necessary  aid;  and  Doctor 
Samuel  haulier,  tlie  j)hysician,  who  was  a  ))rominent  member  and 
deacon  of  the  Plymouth  Cliureh,  was  sent  among  tlu'in.  During  his 
visit,  Mr.  Endccott  was  called  by  Divine  Providence  to  sutler  one  of 
the  heaviest  o^.  earthly  alllictions,  in  the  death  of  his  wife,  the  j)artner 
of  all  his  sorrows,  wlu)  had  forsaken  home,  kindred,  and  the  sympa- 
thy of  Iriends,  aiKl  consented  tt)  share  with   him  the  cares  and  pri- 


(.''.K-' 


\    \u*\'<au"> 


•'■i.-'  j»f»  li-:  I'K'Xi 


I   .'^ 


i/'.r  ...i     -'.v.    '•..   Id')' 


"1  ■ :     i;'t    f  •!  .   ,l.;(/.'l'..  •.rfnu:.! 


■  M 


•I,'    .1. 


■,;7:  v./ 


'•   ■'     -li.  ,■    ..   '.Mr  V; 


:  r;/ 


•.■,.  V,' '.f 


•-!■    ..  •-. '  .<■     ■;  ■  J    .  :  ;!•■/-'  .  ;...  :>•  ■ 

■::.■..      '•     .  ...'•■     ;  •;•'  ,     ^t'\'\,    i,    Ml       - 


;.">■' 


■i; 


:•  ■'•^■,!!I    1..;.!-;  /.     -I,.:    M. 

■  I'.WM-vi'!  :■;':  I'M:. -...•>!) 


210  ^remuir  of  '  [July, 

valions  inciflout  to  a  new  sc'lilciru'iit.  Surrounded  l)y  savages,  and 
from  llie  cirrumstances  of  the  ease,  plaeed  in  a  great  degree  beyond 
tlie  pale  of  eivilized  .soriety,  lier  sympathy  and  eounsel  nuisl  neces- 
sarily have  been  very  dear  to  him.  She  must  have  entwined  herself 
about  his  alTeetions,  as  the  tender  ivy  winds  itself  round  the  lordly 
oak.  Her  slender  and  delieate  frame  was  iiot  proof  against  the 
rigors  of  a  New  England  elimatc.  Born  and  nurtured  in  the  midst 
of  luxury  and  ease,  she  eould  not  withstand  the  ]-)rivalions  and 
hard.>hips  of  her  new  home,  and  she  fell  a  vielim  to  her  self-saerific- 
ing  disposition.  Painful  indeed  must  have  been  the  ])arting,  and 
severe  the  trial  to  J\Ir.  Endeeolt,  Under  the  inlluenee  of  the  feel- 
ings whieh  this  allliction  produced,  he  wrote  the  following  letter 
to  Crov.  J^radford  : —  ;     ■  -     \.-  ■>'■■■ 

"Right  WoRsnirruLLi:  Sin, —  ,  .         .     / 

"  It  is  a  tliiiii^  nol  usual  that  servants  of  one  IMaster,  and  of  the  same 
liouschoKl,  slioulJ  be  slian;,'ers.  I  assure  you  1  desire  il  iiul ;  Nay,  to 
speak  more  phiiiily,  I  ccuinol  be  so  to  j/otf.  Ciod's  jieople  aie  all  marked 
with  one  ant!  the  same  mark,  and  have  for  the  main  one  and  the  same 
heart,  guidcil  by  out.-  ami  the  s-.uiie  spirit  of  truth;  and  where  this  is 
there  can  be  no  discurtl,  nay,  here  nuist  needs  be  a  swcel  harmuny ; 
and  the  same  request  willi  you,  I  make  unto  the  Lord,  that  we  as 
Christian  brethren  bo  united  by  an  lieuvenly  and  nnfeiiraed  love,  bind- 
ing all  our  hearts  and  forces  in  furtheria;;  a  work  beyond  our  strength 
with  reverence  and  fear,  fastening  oiu- eyes  always  on  llim  tliat  is  only 
able  to  direct  and  prosper  all  our  ways.  I  acknowledge  myself  much 
bound  to  yoLi,  for  your  kind  love  and  care  in  sending  Mr.  Fuller  amongst 
us,  and  rejoice  much  that  1  am  by  him  satislied,  touching  your  judg- 
ment of  the  outward  form  of  Cod's  worship:  It  is  as  far  as  I  can  gather 
no  other  than  is  warranted  by  the  evidence  of  truth,  and  the  same 
which  I  have  professetl  and  maintained  ever  since  the  Lord  in  mercy 
revealed  himself  unto  mee,  being  tar  from  the  common  report  that  hath 
been  S[)read  of  you  in  that  particular;  lait  God's  jieople  must  not  look 
for  less  here  below,  and  it  is  a  great  mercy  of  God  that  he  strcngthen- 
eth  them  to  go  through  it.  I  shall  not  need  at  this  time  to  enlarge 
unto  you  for  (God  willing)  I  [uopose  to  see  your  face  shortly;  in  the 
mean  tyme,  I  humbly  take  my  leave  o[  yon,  conunltting  you  to  the 
Lord's  blessing  anil  protection,  and  rest. 

Your  assured  loving  friend,  Jo:  Endecott. 

Naumkeag,  .^lay  11,  1G29." 

The  foregoing  epistle  is  alike  Inmorable  to  the  head  and  heart  of 
Mr.  I'iudeeolt.  llund)le,  devout,  ami  ehastened  feelings  pervaile  il 
throughout.  It  speaks  a  mind  smisibly  alive  to  religious  in)pressions. 
The  sentiments  here  expressed  cannot  fail  to  find  a  resi)onsc  in  the 
hearts  of  all  redccting  men,  in  this  and  succeeding  generations. 
The  magnitude  of  the  uuderlakinu:  in  which  they  were  engaged,  the 


,lUi[., 


Olii 


■'  '  .  .      .  .     .-iii'  '     .li/'.    i/l    '   ''  :f    •   '    !      •■;_■.'•; 


?..   ■;-.'■    ^-  ■>;■    '--..■   ■■  :i  .,'(!> 

.''■''  ..'  '!V>     :  ..   >     ^-.(  ,,,  ,    ,,,•    ,!v,  ■<    . 
V''-"  '  :  J. V   ,:■  lis.  .-.■/    -  .ii 
'••■;';■  '    n.;  ; :!.."., I.e. -.- 

'^irJl:    •>;:•    :    ;;■    .f.:,!   :    ;  .     •    - 


':>  ;;;•■■,:.  ' 


1    :,:  :.'■ 


'■uv:  I 


,f 


;  I    ; 


•I  ;i(">  •  (•:  . 
:.■/'    .-ir--. .'1, 


<«  /;   h: 


■  I,  .  .  ;    . '  «      T ' 


M: 


*'i'ii    ill,    ,,i'ji>i    ;^;/: 


.,...,.,h,.,     I- 


L    ,  «   \i-)r'ji\ 


'  '•  ■■'■••■  '!'  ,;,j'-.;<.T'";;;;  ^>i(i  ?o  j(..aiur-);?M  '-'iiT 


1817.]  Cuvcnior  Kndcrult.  lill 

necessity  of  union  in  their  en'orls,  and  llie  impossibility  of  success 
without  direct  dixiiie  assistance,  are  here  represented  in  huiL^nage 
appropriate  and  devout. 

Whether  Mr.  l-wulecolt  carried  Into  execution  his  design  iiuimatcd 
in  this  h'tler,  of  making  (lov.  l^radforrl  a  visit  "shortly,''  is  uncertain. 
On  the  'll\\i  of  AFay,  Ki'ii),  in  a  rominunicarK,)n  \o  the  aulliorilirs  at 
home,  lie  complained  that  some  pt  rsons  in  liis  jurisdiction  disre- 
garded the  law  of  J()"2"3,  for  the  regulation  of  trade  with  the  Indians, 
and  ''desiring  the  Conipany  woukl  take  the  same  into  their  serious 
consideration,  ami  to  use  some  speedy  means  here  lor  reforn-ialion 
thereof."  A  petition  was  in  consecpicnee  presi-ntcd  to  the  King, 
who  in  compliance  therewith  issued  a  new  proc-hama'.ion,  lorbidding 
such  disorderly  trading.  These  steps  were  no  doubt  taken  in  refer- 
ence to  the  associates  of  one  'I'homas  Morton,  whose  residence  al 
INlount  Wolla-ton,  or  Alerry  Mount,  now  t^nim-y,  he  visited  shortly 
after  his  arrival  in  this  country.  This  man  .and  his  associates  had 
alarmed  all  the  well-disj^osed  settlers,  from  l^iscatacpia  to  lM)inoulh, 
by  selling  arms  and  ammunition  to  the  Indians,  indulging  them- 
selves in  dissipation,  and  otherwise  endangering  the  pi'aee  and 
welfare  of  New  England.  The  objeet  of  Air.  I'aidecott's  \i.->it  ^vas 
to  rectify  abuses  among  tlu^  remaining  eonlederales,  Morton  himself 
having  been  already  ajiprehended,  and  sent  home  to  England  (or 
trial.  lie  went  there,  ^ve  are  toM,  in  the  '-purefving  spirit  of  author- 
ity," and  caused  their  May-pole  to  be  cut  down,  to  which  they  had 
bei-n  in  the  hal)it  of  allixing  pieces  of  satirical  c-ompc»silion  against 
those  who  opposetl  their  wishes  and  praelices,  and  '-rebuked  the  in- 
habitants for  their  prolaneness,  and  admonished  them  to  look'  to  it 
that  they  walked  better."  lie  also  changt:d  the  name  of  tin.'  j)lace, 
and  called  it  Mount  Dagcni.  The  j)recise  j)eriod  of  this  visit  is  not 
known,  and  i!  is  not  im[)robal)le  that  Mr.  Endccott  (>xleniled  his 
journev  at  the  time  to  I'lvmonth  C'.ilony.  However  this  may  Ijc, 
a  warm  friendship  soon  grew  up  between  (lov,  Bradford  and  him- 
self, which  continuetl  wiihoul  interru[)lion  lor  the  remainder  ot 
their  lives. 

As  yet  no  steps  had  been  taken  in  the  Colony  towartls  the  estab- 
lishment of  a  ri'formed  (.^hureh  for  proi)aga!ing  the  gospel,  \\  hieh 
they  professed  abov<'  all  to  l)e  their  aim  in  settling  this  I'huitalion. 
June  oOth,  lO'iO,  the  Ivev.  I'raneis  Iligginson  arrivi'd  at  Naumkeag, 
and  the  Rev.  Mr.  Ski'ltmi,  tln^  t'arly  friend  and  spiritual  father  of 
Mr.  I'lndecott,  -.irrived  about  the  same  time.  They  had  been  sent 
over  by  the  liome  gcnaa-mncnt.      Air.  Iligginson  thus  sp.eaks  of  his 


,•,•'■.'!„    ■...■■>  •.■■■■•>..  ;  .  \  J  '  . 

!/-■!;;    i'.i-»v/'J  ■  I'!'   '  )•■' 1  :f.'i  L'-'     'T'lM  .'!.'.  ■:-ii't  m!'.'.' 

:    ,  ■  .,      .,,.,:  , ..      ■■■■'.       ..It    :  .    ,■  ■■•-    .,:     '.Ci 


,  ;  J     , , ; 


..,;■    ., 


t' .  -    '_■  ,1, ,  .1 


'.I    •     1  . 


<■.(!. 


'■.'  I   'i  ■  •.•'/'.:■  -Ill*  .■  >u;r;';.s 

lew,    r;    ;         ■'  .'-  ■'■'^!l? 
::  .  .'!'^.(  -^  ;■■;■  '  .)  ■''.•■  <>.■.// 


.1 « • ; 


■"  r\ 


21"3  .  Memoir  of  [Julyj 

reccj)lioii  by  Mr,  EiidccoU :  '•  Tlie  next  morning  (30ili)  the  Gov- 
ernor came  aboard  to  our  ship,  and  bade  us  kindly  welcome,  and 
invited  inee  and  my  wilH-  to  come  on  shore  and  take  our  lodgings 
at  iiis  house;  which  we  did  accordingly."  The  settlement,  we  are 
told,  then  consisted  of  "abuut  hall' a  score  of  houses,  w  ith  a  lair  house, 
newly  built,  for  the  Clo\ernor.  W'e  found  also  abundance  of  come 
planted  by  them,  very  good  and  well  liking.  Our  Ciovernor  hath  a 
store  of  green  pease  growing  in  his  garden,  as  good  as  ever  I  eal  in 
England.  ^  '^  -^  ^  Our  Governor  hath  already  planted  a 
vineyard,  with  great  hopes  of  increase;  also  mulberries,  plums,  rasp- 
berries, currants,  chesnuts,  fdberts,  wahmts,  small  nuts,  hurtleberries, 
and  haws  of  white  thorn,  near  as  good  as  our  cherries  in  England 
—  they  grow  in  plenty  here."  »    i     w 

Shortly  after  the  arrival  of  Mr.  Iligginsoii  and  Mr.  Skelton,  the 
necessary  measures  were  taken  })reparatory  to  the  seiilemenl  of  a 
religious  congregation  in  accordance  with  the  views  of  the  Puritans. 
In  this  they  were  aidt^d  by  Mr.  Endecott,  and  the  most  intelligent  of 
the  colonists.  Having  lirsl  concluded  a  satisfactory  form  of  church 
government  and  discipline,  which  was  submitted  to  Mr.  Endecott 
for  approval,  the  Gth  of  August,  16'-29,  just  eleven  months  after 
his  arrival,  was  the  time  selected  for  this  "little  band  of  devout  Pil- 
grims to  enter  into  solemn  covenant^  with  God  and  one  another, 
and  also  for  the  ordaining  of  their  ministers."  Ey  Mr.  Endecott's 
order,  a  solemn  day  of  "  humiliation"  had  been  held  on  the  20th  of 
July  preceding,  for  the  choice  of  pastor  and  teacher.  An  important 
step  was  about  to  be  taken  —  a  new  j)riesthood  was  about  to  be 
established  —  all  allegiance  to,  or  alliance  with,  any  other  church  on 
earth  was  about  to  be  dissolved  I  It  was  a  subject  of  momentous 
concern  with  the  Colonists,  and  called  into  exercise  all  their  moral 
heroism  and  spiritual  courage.  Mr.  Bradford,  the  Governor  of  the 
Plymouth  Colony,  came  here  by  sea,  and  arrived  just  in  season  to 
give  the  right  hand  of  fellowship.  Of  all  that  little  band,  gathered 
together  on  this  occasion,  none  felt  a  deeper  interest,  or  took  a  more 
responsible  part,  than  the  subject  of  this  Memoir.f  ■     .  . 

*  See  Covennnl,  p.  22 1. 

t  Tlio  Itcv.  Mr.  U))1kiiii,  in  his  Dedication  Sermon,  in  1^2i',  tluis  speaks  of  him  :  "John 
Enilec<jtt,  (n  uv.wx,  who  to  the  tiuuhties  wiiieh  have  leiulereil  hiiu  ilhi>lnoii>.  as  an  ell'eclual 
leader  of  colonization,  as  a  g-aUant  sohher,  as  a  sivillfnl  slalesniaii,  a(h!eil  a  knowledge  of  liie 
Scriptures,  and  a  ilevont  piety,  whirh  \sill  ever  hallow  lu-  memory,)  early  in  tlic  year  1')--'. 
betore  the  formation  of  this  church,  wrote  to  Gov.  I'radford  re>pectnii,'  a  conterenee  lie  had 
lield  with  a  gentleman  sent  to  him  iVoiu  rivniouih,  (i)r.  I'uller.)  on  the  >uhjeet  of  church  insti- 
tution and  jjfovernnient.  In  tins  letter  we  liiid  no  acknowledgment  of  any  nther  authority  la 
such  a  matter  than  his  own  private  judirnient,  ami  no  de>ire  expressed,  or  ultempt  exliiluted. 
to  force  his  judi'inenl  upon  others."'  The  letter  here  referred  to  is  the  one  already  cited.  >i| 
May  11,  li;2'j.  •■  The  standard,"  say->  .Mr.  Uphum,  '-by  which  Mr.  Lndecii  made  up  hi> 
jud^'meni  in  thi>  matter,  was  certainly  no  hiIht  than  llic  standard  of  l'rote.slanlism  —  the 
Scriptures,  as  they  were  opened  to  hi.s  understandmg." 


"ii!-"  r;   ■ 


•\;(v/ 


?/;••:'   !.)i"i  .•■V'li*-  Us-  0(i)!-';  n;  v: 


■ill ' 


/lu  .r.'ii/!«i 


);ju>''  -.o  ■}■:  1.  ;>(',)<  '   ')  .1 


.  :  ;V   .ni.'i!  q 

.     ..:■;:'    •-;  .'7/  ":■•    ^./.al  I-',. 

,1c  _  _  , '  '    •■•■.'■V  ^  "'!.-.':;:. 

•.(iii'it;/'«   'Vt?  f(J  i:V;  )i/  'rJ,\  till// t;:}-t5:!''i>i\^  ;;;  :,■    ;'>;i  .'  -j-ij^'t' .\)  ir;<.,;';:l'.--. 

v^i  ;.  Ml.  -.I'r//^  \jd\  '.Ml  ij; 

i.ij'.  ;    <;•■■.!  I       -hi-i''.  !'>:■   .;.!j 

tO'rjl«aM    .11.'.    wf   Lui!i-..;<i'?i>.  '•;;•"/   ;!-<  (i'."       •    .  ,  ■»     '     .'':'i;    '  ;t.;!|ill  t'.'0;.( 


a  i    Dr.:.'  /'-•  .  -  -5;:.  .1  ••!:;.■     ■  •._-  ;<M   .,  n 


in  :r  '  ,•     •  ,.  J  /!■;'.. 


.'  ;Mi;r!>j    fj.;i'     :;f;::;     ■.•..'.}  m"« '/    "^'  Vi .  i'".. .  ■.'  i:.    ■:■■■:.    >     .■:..,..■  ^■:  ''■■■■■':.j. 
,  .    'U      •  .  (  ..'-.,.-.  ■/     '»       !  ;.■'■  '■'  ■■    ',       -i  <  ■   "•^:C  :    -••;■.■■■    ;:-''!    » 


:;     >-'   „:■'.■■  ■:"-i'j  \,.U. 


;;,:>;;:    f 


!■  .     *     iiii. 


t  . ;  I  ■ . .:  I  i  ■ .'  i 


!■.■;/ 


'J     >',<;•  ■  ".J. 


.•■■<  iv:,')i>j»i!i  .  ', 


-^^"^'^•]  Governor  Endccott. 


213 


AVe  now  approach  an  important  event  in  ilio  lii.>fory  of  the  Colo- 
ny  —  the  removal  of  its  entire  government  to  New  En-land.     Gov 
Cradoek,  with  whom  the  idea  appears  to  have  originatecf,  ac<iuaintcd 
the  ]Vopnetor.s,  at  a  meeting  of  the  Court,  July  28,  JG2'J,  that,  for  the 
purpose  of  advancing  the  interests  of  the  IMantation,  and  iiiducing 
ai.d  encouraging  persons  of  worth  and  cpiality  to  transport  tliem- 
selves  and  their  families  thither,  as  well  as  for  other  weighty  reasons, 
It  was  proposed  to  transfer  the  entire  government  to  diis  country' 
and  continue  it  no  longer  in  subjection  to  the  Company  in  England! 
Soon  after   this  communication,  an  agi-eement  to  that  ellec'l  was 
drawn  up  at  Cambridge,  and  among  those  who  signed  it  was  their 
future  governor,  John  Winthrop.    It  was  one  of  tht^stipulations  thai 
they  shnuhl  settle  their  ail-iirs  so  as  to  be  ready  for  the  voya-e  hither 
by  the  first  of  March.     This  appears  to  have' been  the  liist^onnec- 
tion  Mr.  Winthrop  had  with  the  settlement  of  this  soil.    On  the  29th 
of  August  following,  at  a  meeting  of  the   Court  of  Proprietors,  in 
London,  this  change  in  the  government  was  decided  upon.    On'the 
16th  of  October,  at  another  meeting  of  the  Court,  it  was  conceived 
"fitt  that  Capt.  Endecott  continue  the  government  there,  unless  just 
cause  to  the  contraric."     But  on  the  20ih  of  the  same  month,  Gov. 
Cradoek  informed  the  Proprietors  that  in  accordance  with  the  altera- 
tion of  the  government  now  about  to  take  place,  it  was  necessary  to 
elect  a  new  Governor,  Deputy,  and  Assistants;  when  John  Winthrop 
was  put  in  nomination,  and  unanimously  chosen  (lovenior.    In  like 
manner,  John  Humphrey  was  chosen  "Deputy-Governor,"  and  Sir 
Richard  Saltonstall,  Matthew  Cradoek,  John  Endecott,  with  ilfteeii 
others,  were  chosen  a  board  of  "Assistants." 

On  the  12th  of  June,  1G30,  the  ship  Arbella,  Capt.  Milburne,  hav- 
ing  on  board  Gov.  Winthrop  and  company,  and  a  duplicate 
Charter  ol  the  Colony,  of  the  same  tenor  and  form  as  Gov,  Ende- 
cott's,^  arrived  at  Naumkeag,  having  sailed  from  Cowcs  March  29. 
IMr.  Endecott,  who  had  already  been  apprized  that  he  was  shortly 
to  be  superseded  in  the  Governorship  of  the  Plantation,  repaired  on 
board  to  welcome  the  new  Governor,  and  olTer  him  and  his  friends 
the  hospitalities  of  his  house.  Among  the  distinguished  personages 
were  Isaac  Johnson  and  his  wife,  the  Lady  Arbella,  daughter  of  the 
Earl  of  Lincoln.  Speaking  of  Mr.  Endecott's  visit.  Gov.  Winthrop 
says,  «  Wee  thai  were  of  the  Assistants  and  some  other  gentlemen 
and  some  of  the  women,  returned  with  him  to  Nahumkeck,  where 
wc  supped  on  good  venison  pastry  and  good  beer."  At  the  time  of 
the  arrival  of  th<;  new  Governor,  wholesome  and  salutary  laws  for 


-m-mA'.'\   "■ 


.'      i  -    , 


I.  :•:•-•  ..■^,-  t    !>', 


!,  0(:-'       ■     ...     -V,., 


.:.v   '>;■'•    ;;;-    '   -•    ,M.;T..n'V,..    ^ ,  /    '.Jr    . 


.'       /cO     Uv.     :     t  ') 


214  ^.  Me>,iuir  of  [July, 

ihc  govern rnent  of  llie  Colony  had  been  instituted  by  Endecolt, 
under  tlie  authority  iriven  him  by  the.  Charter,  and  tlu;  settle- 
int-nl  had  ah'cady  a^.-^lllned  the  eoiidilion  of  a  well-organized  and 
regulated  body  poliiie.  A  ehin-eli,  with  faiihrul  tiiini>1er.-<,  wliieli 
they  profe^^ed  to  \alue  above  all  tein])oraI  ijitere^ts  and  earlhly 
grandeur,  had  also  iieen  established,  and  the  wheels  of  governmciil 
were  moving  on  harmoniously,  U|)t)n  a  safe  and  sure  ioimdation. 
Under  this  state  of  things,  Mndeeott  now  surrendered  the  eivil  j)ower 
into  the  hands  of  Cov.  \Vinlhro|),  and  took  upon  himself  the  more 
humble  a))pointment  of  one  of  the  Assistants.  Vet  "the  prineiplesof 
Winthrop's  administration,"  says  the  Annalist  of  Salem,  "  were  like 
those  whieh  had  direeted  the  eourse  of  his  predeeessor.  'J'he  coin- 
meneemenl  of  lt\gislation,  whieh  was  to  have  an  important  part  in 
promoting  soeiul  freedom,  thai  has  spread  and  is  spreading  in  the 
world,  bci^ruu  at  Naumkeag,  under  Endecolt,  and  was  voidinncd  by 
his  worthy  sueeessor." 

Soon  after  the  arrival  of  Cov.  Winthrop,  ihe  new  settlers  began 
to  be  dissatisfied  with  Salem,  as  l!ie  capital  of  the  Colony.  It  did 
nol  combini.-,  in  their  ojsinion,  suflieienl  advantages  of  k)eation,  soil, 
and  natural  means  of  defenee.  A  party,  therefore,  was  sent  to  ex- 
plorc  the  country  westward,  to  discover,  if  possible,  some  more 
suitable  situation.  It  had  been  ihe  darling  object  with  Endecolt  to 
make  Salem  the  seal  of  govermnent ;  he,  however,  bowed  in  sub- 
mission, and  continued  his  eJforts  to  advance  ihe  common  weal. 

On  Ihe  ISlh  of  August,  1(5:30,  Gov,  Endecott  entered  into  a  new 
matrimonial  alliance  with  Elisabeth  Gibson  of  Cambridge,  England. 
This  lady  probably  came  over  in  the  ship  with  Gov.  Winthrttp,  and 
the  marriage  ceremony  was  performed  by  him  and  the  Rev.  Mr. 
AVilson,  afterwards  pastor  of  the  first  church  in  Boston.  This  con- 
nection apj)ears  to  have  been  a  happy  one,  although  there  was  a 
much  greater  disj)arity  in  their  ages  than  prudence  and  judgment 
would  seem  to  allow  —  the  dilierenec  being  about  twenty-six  years. 
Such  was  his  ardent  and  growing  attachment  to  the  j)lace  of  his 
adoption,  thai  when  it  was  decided  in  December,  1G30,  to  fortify 
Newton,  now  Cambridge,  for  the  seal  o^  government,  and  to  build 
houses,  and  move  their  military  stores  to  that  jjlaee  next  sprim--,  he 
could  not  be  i)revailed  upon  to  (piii  his  aeeustomed  residence.  All 
thi>  members,  except  himself  and  M\:  Sharp,  who  was  about  return- 
ing to  England,  agreed  to  do  <^o-  but  Mr.  Endecolt  excused  himself 
upon  the  ground  that  he  had  so  formed  his  connections  in  Salem, 
that  it  would  be  attended  with  great  inconvenience. 


,v;:;q 


■'.o  *«W»ui.  ^U: 


iv: 


>      -:•[' 


^/•)i-    :>:!':    '"^^  -v  -li 


!(;  ';-'l:('-,ii;Vf  -'/'^  ■'  !•:'/       '-Wi;.!-!-;- /    ■Mil! 


Kt.i  ' 


-/•j  '.(  'n  .-wi';  ,v  ,"■'  ,■!.:'    .(J-^  f    '        ■'.    ..'''I'    111   <:•..■    ir  '^^.:;^:  J;ir; 


,<rin'.(t^i:}.}  uil; 


-lu:-,  •.'■';;      .i:r.>"'  i!l  ..i:;     '    <■?' :■•!  '•'/ t;7/-('jil/,  ,.i<);:J'7.' 


1817.]        -  Governur  Enderoti.  2J5 

On  the  3rd  of  July,  hV.y}^  tlio  Court  of  As.si>l;int.s  granted  Mr. 
Endecotl  three  hundred  acres  of  land,  called  by  die  Indians  in  Eii"'- 
Jish,  "  J]ireh\vood,"  afterwards  known  as  his  "Orchard  l'\irin.''      It 
was  situated   between  two  and   three  miles  in  a  norlhcrlv  direction 
from  the  main  settlement  at  S.ilcni,  uj)on  a  toni^me  of  land  Ijounded 
on  the  north,  south,  anrl  east  by  rivers,  ox  more  jjroperly  inlets  of  the 
sea,  and  on  the  \vc>i  by  the  main  laml.      V.ww  at  that  early  period, 
it  was  one  of  the  most  desirable  situations  in  that  vicinity.    Thou<di 
at  some  distance  from  the  jilace  which  was  al'terwards  selected  for 
the  seat  of  the  ^a)vernment,  and  where  the  Court  House  was  erected, 
yet  he  was  in  the  centre  of  the  |)opulaiion,  bcini;  by  land  nearer  to 
the  shores  than  he  was  to  the  cultivated  firms  around  him.     It  was 
many  years  after  he  establislu'd  himself  at   this   beautiful   place,  so 
near   all   the  streams  which   pas.-cd   throm;li  the  adjacent  country, 
before   any   incorporation   separated    Salem    frt)m    the    iMcrrimack. 
For  twenty  years  Salem  bounded  on  Andovcr.     'J'he  spot  then  was 
the  best  he  could  have  chosen.    On  a  commanding  eminence,  which 
overlooked  the  country  for  some  distance  around,  and  about  one 
eighth  of  a  mile  from  one  of  the  inlets,  he  built  his  house,  and  com- 
menced in  earnest  the  cultivation  of  his  farm.    Although  the  jjlough- 
share  has  frcpicnlly  passed  over  it,  yet  i)art  of  the  cellar  of  this  house 
is  plainly  discernible  at  the  present  day.     it  is  a  romaniic  situation, 
and  denotes  him  to  have  been  a  man  of  much  discriminaiion  and 
taste  in  matters  of  this  kind.      On  his  iarm  he  lived  in  a  sort  of  feu- 
dal style,  surrounded  by  his  servants. 

In  front  of  ids  mansion  hous<',  and  immediately  upon  the  south- 
ern slope  of  a  gentle  declivity,  he  planted  his  iar-famed  orchard, 
which  gave  the  name  to  his  farm.  The  tradition  that  the  Oovernor 
always  pointed  out  his  dial,  which  bears  the  date  of  1030,  as  denot- 
ing the  age  of  his  orchard,  seems  to  indicate  that  the  trees  were 
removed  hither  I'rom  his  town  residence.  Here,  too,  it  is  said,  he 
introduced,  for  medicinal  i)urposes,  as  well  as  ornament  to  his 
garden,  the  "  white-weed,"  which  has  since  become  so  detrimental 
to  the  hay-lields  of  our  fu-mers. 

His  usual  mode  of  transporting  himself  and  family  to  and  from 
this  place,  was  at  lirst  by  water,  and  he  was  as  often  visited  by  his 
Iriends  in  this  wMy,  as  in  any  other.  'The  inlet  before  the  mansion 
house  had  nothing  to  interrupt  it  — the  passage  was  open  to  the  bay, 
and  at  that  early  period  must  have  been  delightfully  romantic.  The 
shores  on  either  side  thickly  elodied  with  wood,  whose  dark  images 
were  ndleeted   in  the  still  water>  beneath  ihcm,  were  piciurcM|Uc  in 


1. 


..-,  ;,u.    .'.;■  •■'  ,il:r-.i  •':!'  n^ 


•}        ',-;'■  i;'l   I.'...;./..'   '  Jill!  n(;  ?:  v*,?. 

.■:.■;;     ,.■■',:■!  I.      T''''-   ii: 


II    :      ',,',(..  I  ■ 


li-'i':''.'/ .'ij'!  .('"     •!%'!:. ".I    ■'  ■;;>■■.■■'*■; 


-l;!.:       1.  't,-     ,Mi,l-{ 


ill    i    ;.,''.v[:'-T> 


■     :;!'   ■  i      /   .1.';  vjt,l>  v]-'!C!(;  t: 


i  ■ '  1 1 1 '," 


;w:»  .•■<:)'.',,      .  ■''••''ill'."-!  •-    I  •■'■>!    <■!)'    .il-i  '    'i''i\:\\ 


;-iii  ;ii  :?••    --iv  ii...<'- 


,.W.': 


21G  Memoir  of  [July> 

tlic  extreme.  The  bold  jutting  headlands,  on  some  parts  of  the 
passage,  lent  a  sublimity  to  the  ])rospcct,  whieh  was  continually 
varying  by  the  winding  and  circuitous  course  of  the  stream.* 
There  was  nothing  to  break  the  stillness,  or  disturb  the  (juiet  which 
reigned  around,  save  the  dashings  of  their  own  little  boat  amid  the 
waters,  or  the  heavy  ])lunge  of  some  lordly  sea-bird,  in  his  gyratory 
wanderings  in  pursuit  of  j^rey.  The  smoke  i'rom  the  humble  and 
solitary  wigwams  of  the  Indians,  thinly  scattered  along  the  margin 
of  the  waters,  with  an  occasional  glimpse  at  their  tawny  inhabitants, 
as  they  stealthily  watched  the  passing  boat  I'rom  their  h-afy  hiding- 
places,  or  listlessly  reclined  under  tlie  shadow  of  some  wide-spread- 
ing oak,  heightened  the  ellVct,  and  diversified  the  scene.  W^ithin 
the  last  half-century,  the  ruins  of  some  of  these  wigwams  might 
have  been  seen,f  and  could  not  have  (ailed  to  excite  most  melan- 
clioly  rellections  respecting  the  wretched  fate  of  these  natural  lords 
of  the  soil,  throughout  our  vast  country. 

August  2,  1G31,  Mr.  Endecoit  was  called  to  mourn  the  death  of 
his  early  and  particular  friend,  the  Rev.  Mr.  Skelton,  who  had  be- 
come endeared  to  him  as  his  spiritual  guide,  in  first  opening  to  his 
view  the  way  of  truth  while  in  l^ngland,  and  who  had  followed 
him  to  this  country  to  counsel  and  direct  him  in  paths  of  piety  and 
happiness.     This  event  must  have  been  to  him  a  severe  aflliction. 

About  this  time  a  Military  lioard  of  Corumissioners,  with  almost 
unlimited  powers,  was  established  by  the  General  Court,  and  Mr. 
Endeeott  was  appointed  one  of  its  members. 

On  the  ISth  of  September,  this  same  year,  the  Colony  was  thrown 
into  consternation,  and  alarmed  for  its  liberties,  by  the  news  from 
England,  that  a  commission  had  been  granted  to  two  Archbishops, 
and  ten  others  of  the  Council,  conferring  on  them  the  authority  to 
regulate  the  Plantations  of  New  England  ;  to  establish  and  main- 
lain  the  E]:)iscopal  Church  in  this  country;  to  recall  its  Charter; 
remove  its  Clovernors;  make  its  laws;  hear  and  decide  its  legal 
cases  ;  and  apjioint  its  j)unishments,  even  death  itself.."j:  Intelligence 
was  also  received  at  the  same  time,  that  a  new  Governor  was  being 
secretly  conveyed  to  IMassachusetts,  with  orders  which,  if  executed, 
would  prostrate  all  its  civil  and  ccclesiastictd  rights.  Gov.  Cradock 
had  already  informed  them  that  the  King's  Council  had  demanded 

*  "  Kcrnwood,"  the  summer  rosidtncc  df  I'"r;mii>  riatiody,  E<i|.,  i<  vimaioil  on  llic  borders 
of  tliis  ^Iroam.  ainl  U>r  beauty  ol'locatinn  is  imi  viirpas-Lil  m  iiiai  part  ul'tlie  cnuiitry. 

t  Cliai-Ii;s  M.  Iludicotl,  Ksij.,  di^tiiictly  n  oullcois  Ins  visiting',  wlicn  (juile  a  Imy,  one  of  these 
ruins  ou  llic  borders  nf  this  stroam,  situated  iu  tlie  midst  ul'a  locust  grove,  ia  the  vicinity  olllie 
'  Endecdtt  Ruryin?" Ground.' 

}  Mass.  liibt.  Coll.,  1.,  IV.,  1).  Uy. 


<>r 


;■■;'■■)         ..■'.' I 


:C.L    '■■■'.■. 


■<    ,.,,  I''      •'■    ^1.  '-  .? 


•..  '     •  (,..i 


;;■-.!    I.. iC    w:--l!i'    .):.i\ 


..  '-v  .        r  I 


iM    .-^^y' 


i^i: 


(lorcnior   J'liuhrolt. 


217 


lliL'ir  CliarliT,  Such  was  llic  )iiiivfrs;il  atixiciy  llii>  ihavs  awaki'iiod, 
that  lln'  idea  of  rc-islaiicc  appears  iiiiimilialcly  1<i  have  po-scsst'd 
llii;  iiiinds  of  ilic  iiiliabitants,^  and  the  lortilicaliims  were  ha>U'iicd 
ior\var<l,  and  an  asM-ssiiicnt  laid  ol'nn  addiliotial  rate  ol  Inr  hundred 
pounds  for  deleju-e.  The.-e  tidiiiL'-s  weri-  received  with  indii/naiit 
fet'liiigs  by  Mr.  Mndeeoit.  ]  [e  >a\v  by  this  step  thai  all  iheir  di-ar- 
Ijought  privile^'es,  piirt-hased  al  >ucli  iimiicnse  saerifiees,  whleli  none 
could  belter  appreciate  than  hiui-cjl',  were  aliout  to  be  violenlly,  as 
with  a  ruthless  de-ptjti-^ni,  wre-^tcd  from  tlieiii.  His  independeiU 
spirit  could  not  (piietly  broolc  such  hi-didiaiidcd  inlrliiueuieuls  upon 
iheir  cliarli'red  rii,dits.  and  he  resolved  in  all  the  allairs  of  \\\r  ( 'olouy, 
in  which  he  had  anv  .-hare  tu'  inllueiire.  to  pur.-ue  that  course  which 
In;  deemed  iuo>l  lor  lua-  interests,  whether  il  led  hiiu  ox^a-  plain.->  or 
inouiUain>,  thruui/h  llowers  or  thorn-,  d'hcre  was  e\hil>ite(l  in  lii< 
actions,  on  al!  oeea-ions,  a  fortiUKle,  which  >heiws  hiiii  loriued  )(>r 
p;reat  enicrL'eucies.  Probably  under  the  iulluence  o!  leeliui/s  j)i-o- 
duced  by  this  intelligence,  and  excited  l)y  that  ardiaU  zeal  whic-li 
marked  his  character  through  life,  he  shortly  after  caU  the  retl  cross 
from  the  King's  colors,  deeming  it  a  rt'lic  of  Popish  idolatry.  Tlii.s 
b(jld  and  tlariiiir  act  was  eonsidia-ed  an  insult,  as  well  to  the  e>tal)- 
lishcd  Uhurch  of  J-aigland,  as  to  the  King  himself;  and  the  Colony 
dared  not  refrain  from  taking  cognizance  of  it,  lest  it  should  call 
down  upon  their  heads  the  vengeance  of  the  whole  Hritish  hierarchy. 
There  is  auij)le  I'videnee  in  the  records  of  the  Colony,  that  most  ol 
the  principal  men,  including  (Joveruor  W'iuihropj'i"  agreed  with  hini 
oil  this  subject,  in  senlimenl  and  feeding.  "The  only  ditrerencc 
between  him  and  ollua-s  was,  he  manifesletl  his  opinions  by  his  -acts, 
while  they,  with  more  prudi'uee  and  safety,  retained  theirs  in  secret.*' 
]Iad  il  not  been  for  fear  of  the  conse([U(aici>s,  instead  ot  being  cen- 
sured, his  conduel  \\ould  have  been  oiienly  applauded.  Hi:-  bold- 
ness of  action  was  made  known  in  J-aigland.  and  looked  upcui  tlnae 
in  the  light  i>f  rebellion.  ft  wa-  the  lirsl  blow  struelc  in  detiaiicc  of 
royal  authoritv,  and  would  no  doubt  ha\er-(is1  .Mr.  JmuIccoU  hi-- lilc, 
had  it  not  been  for  those  ti-oublcs  which  were  then  bcjiniiiug  to 
galJKa-  thickly,  lilce  a  tempest,  ab(uU-tln'  devoied  head  of  die  imlorlr.- 
iiate  Charl(!s  I.,  and  which  e\-entu  illy  l)nrst  upon  it  with  a  I'ury  which 
nothing  c'ould  n^sist.  invohing  in  its  comse  th  •  ruin  i'\'  his  L'.overn- 
miaU,  and  the  de.-lruction  o'i  his  t)\\ii  life,      Th''  swortl.  wilh  whlili 


*'\'\\f  (k'iht.iI  ('.iiiil.  III  .l.ihiiai-y.  l''''-'.  ini;iiiiiniiii-U  ai.-n  ril.  tluci  ir-iii-li;i  l'n>\  itium' .--lu-ulil 
Ciiini'  111  llns    'oiMilry    lli>'  (''■!■  mi- is  ..ulIiI  Id  i.'-i-l  In-  aiillicniw  an.l  m.imlaiii  l!ii-ir  i : :  lil-^ 

I  'riK-  very  lifM  \r:ii-.  i.iiiy  UVii  ol    llir   ('..iniril.   \  an.'  aii.l    I  iiall.-\-,  w  ..iil.l  .•.>ii-i-iiM<i  >|ir<-.iil 
llii-    Kiii-;'s^  i-io.iri  even  in  ll.r  1>.|I,  mi  .irc.iint  ol'  I'ac  i-i.i---  m  llicui.  —  W'l.tl  -.•■/■'■^  •'  "'.  ..   \  i>l-  'i 

11 


,'  «<)  \*^\v«'..\      N  . ,  V,  .  .;  i'  1  ^^ 


.(,  ;!  ,-.:  .,-f.,  •>  ^,K.';, 


7.:-,'    -:;■.. I;  ;,- 


Mi!    »  ■' 


■yr.y 


,:  ,  ,,  ■'.':  ■'■■:'~  ■  ••'j.f'.  i  !'!  '^'  !;(iv>:> 
^  ■  ^  -i  ;  .  ...  ,  'I'i^'i'.  ',y;:;-y\':  ,;■  1l')<l; 
I'    ,  ^-  ■  .  ■  ■  ■    ■  i  ■„■■  ..;-.  ,>:;;,  ;;!"'.-i5i 


.,l-    i; 


■■.r  !-,i'     • 


;iv 


'•ir-tC' 


(', 


i:':. 


■■■■,'  ";  .   .<  •(.;;'_-  "ii!   !   ',ri..n! 
•'■•■■'    ■,;    •".>  ••  \:ii:/'   '»■);  (Hf) A 

■:ii.  ■  ■■  i  "i'  ' '•>ri:  i;.;»-ij:  m  /,•(■',' 

•:(;i  ;t.         ;.•     r.    ir  11...:    f-i,;i    cui 
I  :'  »'■•'  ■"■>  ;  .•;;  j:'fr  i'  '0  vj  )({ 
[•■■•■'  •  ■■;;    •  '.ir;   •.;-.i';  r!'  v  ,  ;  ■.,;:   •:!'!!  .',' 

■.■■  ■  ■  ■   •:  "•',    ■  ■']  ■<■>{  ■;■'■..!  ;i.i:  ':  1.V ! » 
""!■  ■  !.;/»i  '   .'■..■■!'      ■■    ■•  .'<)'•'':  lu  i  ■;;■  >  r  *.i;l  .■/.'■iii»^ 


■;  .    .'Iti  /ill     !:-!•  '■'!    l<i.K/'.  v. I,;!' 


218  ■■^'^^''^'*'''  Memoir  of  .[July, 

this  rebellious  act  is  said  to  have  been  performed  by  Mr.  Endecolt, 
has  been  preserved,  and  is  now  in  possession  of  one  of  ihe  family, 
to  whom  it  has  deseended  in  direct  line,  by  right  of  primogeniture. 
Il  is  a  plain,  unornamcnted  rapier,  emblematical  of  the  Puritan  sim- 
plicity of  our  Forefathers. 

While  these  events  were  passing  in  this  country,  the  Puritans  in 
England  were  experiencing  the  most  unmitigated  persecution,  at 
the  hand  of  Archbishop  Laud  and  his  confederates.  As  their  num- 
bers increased,  the  various  modes  of  punishment  were  multiplied  ; 
exorbitant  fines  were  imposed;  the  pillory  witnessed  bloody 
scenes  of  human  agony  and  mutilation;  the  scaffold  and  dungeon 
had  their  victims;  the  lash,  the  shears,  and  the  glowing  iron  were 
most  cruelly  applied  to  individuals  of  this  proscribed  sect.^  But 
the  faith  of  the  Puritans  rose  superior  to  oppression,  and  coi:!d  not 
be  overcome.  The  most  bloody  persecution  served  only  to  add 
new  converts  to  their  cause. 

In  1G36,  Mr.  Endecott  was  appointed  an  Assistant,  and  was  also 
sent  on  an  expedition  against  the  Indians  on  Block  Island  and  in  the 
Pcquot  country,  he  acting  as  General  of  all  the  forces  in  the  dc-iach- 
ment.  During  this  year  his  views  relative  to  the  cross  in  the  King's 
colors  triumphed  over  all  considerations,  and  the  Military  Commis- 
sioners ordered  it  1o  be  left  out.  On  the  ensigns  at  Castle  Island, 
in  Boston  harbor,  they  substituted  the  King's  arms  for  the  cross. 

During  the  year  1641,  Mr.  Endecott  was  chosen  Deputy-Govern- 
or, and  was  contiiuied  in  office  for  the  two  succeeding  year-.  He 
was  also  appointed  one  of  a  committee  to  dispose  of  all  lands  or 
other  properly  belonging  to  the  company  at  Cape  Ann;  and  was 
commissioned  by  the  Court,  in  conjuncii.^n  with  two  others,  Mr. 
Downing,  the  brother-in-law  of  Gov.  Winthrop,  and  Mr.  Hathorne, 
to  procure  the  transcription  of  nineteen  copies  of  the  laws,  liberties, 
and  forms  of  oaths,  and  to  subscribe  them  with  their  own  hands, 
the  Court  having  decreed  that  no  copies  should  be  considered  au- 
thentic which  were  without  their  signatures. 

In  1642,  he  was  chosen  one  of  the  Corporation  of  Harvard  College. 
Passing  over  some  minor  things  in  the  life  of  Governor  Endecott, 
we  arrive  at  the  year  1G44,  when  his  increasing  inlluence  and  pop- 
ularity ensured  his  election  as  Governor,  and  Mr.  Winthrop  was 
chosrn  Deputy-Governor.  The  claim  of  Salem  to  be  made  the  seat 
of  government,  was  now  again  revived,  and  it  would  be  fair  to  infer 
from  his  welMuiown  attachment  to  the  place,  that  the  project  ]net 

*  Neat's  History  of  ihe  Piirilans,  Vcl   II  ,  dinp.  T, 


^ 

"i 


■u  vnv;*'\v. 


8:§ 


..  r^wr    ;iv   •/<;  '.  --^i'-V-riri   n'x'^  '^^-'^ 


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1S47.]  •  Governor  Endecotl.  210 

with  his  hearty  cooperation.  Bat  the  efTort  was  not  successful,  ant! 
Boston  still  continued  to  be  the  capital.  'JMie  Governor's  salary 
was  one  hundred  pounds. 

During  tliis  year  of  his  administration,  improvements  in  the  mod(; 
of  transacting  business  in  the  Legislature  wv.xc  introduced.  The 
Magistrates  and  Deputies,  for  the  first  time,  now  held  their  sessions 
apart,  and  it  required  the  concurrence  of  Ijoih  bodies,  to  make  an 
act  valid.  The  office  of  a  speaker  to  the  Dei>uties  was  also  thi; 
year  ordained,  and  filled  by  an  Essex  man,  Mr.  William  llaihorne. 

The  conflicting  claims  of  D'Aulney  and  La  'J'our,  two  French- 
men at  Acadia,  which  had  produced  considerable  excitement,  were 
finally  settled  during  this  year,  by  the  government  of  France  sup- 
porting the  claim  of  D'Aulney.  His  deputy  came  to  Boston,  and 
concluded  a  treaty  w'ith  Gov.  Endecott,  Avhicli  was  subsequenih 
ratified  l)y  the  Commissioners  of  the  United  (Colonies  of  New 
England. 

The  year  following,  (1645)  Mr.  Endecott  was  succeeded  as  Gov- 
ernor by  Mr.  Dudley.  Other  offices  of  honor  and  trust,  however, 
awaited  him.  Pie  was  this  year  appointed  Sergeant  IMajor-General 
of  Massachusetts,  the  highest  military  office  in  the  Colony.  lie  had 
previously  held  a  commission  of  Colonel  in  the  first  regiment  formed 
in  Salem,  Saugus,  IpswMch,  and  Newbury,  in  1G3G,  when  John 
Winthrop,  Jr.,  son  of  the  Governor,  was  his  I/ieutcnant-Colonel. 
He  was  also  elected  an  Assistant,  and  one  of  the  United  Commis- 
sioners. 

In  164S,  he  was  continued  an  Assistant,  Sergeant  IMajor-General, 
and  Commissioner  for  the  Province. 

Upon  the  death  of  Governor  Winthrop,  wdiieh  took  place  on  the 
26th  of  Marcli,  1649,  at  the  age  of  61,  IMr.  Endecott  was  again  chosen 
Governor,  to  which  office  he  was  annually  elected  until  the  lime  ol 
his  death,  with  the  exception  of  the  years  1650  and  1654,  wdien  he 
held  thai  of  Deputy-Governor.  This  w^as  an  eventful  period  in  the 
iiistory  of  the  Colony,  as  well  as  of  the  Mother  C'uuntry.  The  vio- 
lent death  of  Charles  I.,  the  usurpation  of  Cronnvell,  and  the  resto- 
ration of  the  Stuart  family,  took  place  while  he  was  at  the  head  of 
public  affairs.  The  difi:lcullies  and  pt^rplexite's  of  his  situation 
during  this  period  were  very  great.  But  all  his  pul)lic  acts  were 
marked  with  a  moderation  and  wisdom  which  do  honor  to  him  as 
an  experienced  statesman.  Had  he  possessed  less  integrity  or  firm- 
ness, had  his  mind  been  at  all  vacillating,  the  conse(]nenees  might 
have  been  a  leclingly  disaslrt)us  to  the  best  int'T(  ^t-  of  the  Colony. 


.^v,,..,^?',?;.  vMx>  .  .  ■.; 


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2:?0 


•♦  •  r 


Memoir  of 


[July, 


111  the  year  l()')"2,  uikIit  his  adMiiiilslratioii,  a  iTiiiit  was  cstab- 
lislic'd  ill  ilic  C'oluiiv,  lor  coiniiiLr  ^'liilliiigs,  ^i^:-[)rnc•l•r^,  and  llirce- 
])('iUTs.  Xo  olluT  of  til'-  Aiiicriran  Colonics,  il  is  ljL-li<'vcd,  ever 
presumed  to  roin  iiuMal  into  iiioiU'V.  'I'lK)iiL.di  uiilawlul,  il  was 
passed  over  hy  Croiinvcll  and  llie  Parliaiiicnt,  and  rontinued  after 
the  Tvesloralion,  for  more  than  twenty  yi'ars, 

Ahotit  the  vear  Ki-l-'i,  (<"ov.  Paideeotl  veinoved  from  Salem  to 
i^ostoii,  upon  the  re(pu'.->t  of  tlu;  (leiieral  Court  that  he  \VL>ald  do  so, 
•'if  his  own  necessary  oeeasions  would  permit.*'  Althoui^di  the  rea- 
soiia!)h"ness  of  this  vecpiest  must  have  been  ai)parent  to  him,  the  step 
could  not  have  been  taken  v/ilhout  strong  ieelings  of  repugnance. 
It  must  have  been  a  severe  struggle  for  him  to  have  sej)arated  iiim- 
self  from  the  place  of  his  adoption,  towards  wliicli  he  liad  ever  fell 
and  exhibited  the  ino-t  ardent  attachment.  His  residence  in  IJos- 
ton  was  on  the  beautiful  lot  lately  owned  and  occupied  l)y  Gardner 
Green,  now  Pemberton  Square.^;" 

Governor  ]-'ndecott  iiad  now  (Ibo?)  entered  upon  his  seventieth 
vear,  with  a  >hat!ercd  couslilulion.  and  health  seriously  imiKured,  as 
we  learn  by  the  following  h'ttcr  to  Mr.  John  Levcrctt,  the  Colonial 
Ageni  in  iMigiand. 

Sir, 

I  cannot  write  unto  you  ])y  a  more  faithful  friemlt  than  T  have  clone, 
who  is  able  at  lar'j;o,  to  relate  to  yon  lunv  tliiugs  in  general  stand  here. 
Anil  that  doth  save  nice  some  labour  which  at  this  lytac  is  a  favor  to 
nice.  For  in  the  extrcmiiy  of  hcale  aiul  after  a  long  ^ic■l;ness,  lain 
very  faint;  not  litt  to  ilo(^  any  thing,  yet  1  cannot  hut  by  these  liearlilie 
salute  yon  in  the  Lonl,  givnig  you  inany  thanks  for  what  you  sent  nie. 
For  all"  good  ncwcs  is  welcome  to  us  as  you  know  lull  well.  Yet  I 
cannot  for  the  preseiil  answer  your  eX[icct;Uioiis  touching  Ivoad  Island 
and  Clarke  and  Holmes,  bat  I'have  ar.niainted  the  rest  of  the  INlagis- 
tratcs  with  your  letter,  wlui  were  already  to  gather  iiji  suliicient  testi- 
nionie  to  prove  what  you  sjiolvC  to  the  Protector,  and  enough  to  satisfy 
(we  doubt  not)  vour  o|)|)uiient,  if  he  be  a  lover  of  truth  Only  we 
would  have  the  (."eneral  (\)urt  act  with  us  therein,  which  will  not 
meet  till  September  next,  when  I  hope  I  shall  procure  a  full  answer 
to  your  former  aiul  last  ictlers. 

What  llic  end  is  of  that  |)oint  of  Slate  to  make  the  Prutcctor  King, 
I  cannot  fatliom  it ;  unless  their  pioifcring  and  his  dcniall  thereof  in- 
gratiate him  the  more  in  the  hearts  of  the  people.  The  Lord  in  mercie 
guitle  all  to  his  glory,  and  the  gcjod  of  thoNc'  commonwealths  over 
whom  ho  hath  sell  him.  If  there  he  any  ui.iKuluiiiUe  1  pray  you  write 
niee  a  word  about  it,  and  other  occurrence.^  that  may  tall  out.  I  caii- 
Jiot  be  sufiicicntlie   thankeliille   lor  what  von   wrote   me   lasl.      Ureal 


'*  Snow's  History  of  li(>">l()ii. 

t  'I'his  •■I'.iiliiriil  IriL'lul"   was  none  olli.'i-  lliaii   Mrs.  T.cv.'Kll.  the  wile  ol   llio  .\u'CiU. 


•'rili 


,,.  .s , 


:.       M...;Ou'r  7'-.:.,:,     ., 


.HI  ;  >  /    ■  iii'j  •••;  ,; . 
'•i'lj;'".*  >'•'  ij  ■•',    ;;     ')  iiCi  '■  ■•■■■■< .     ;  ■;  ^ 


<'\  ■■  J    '-li!    i.{    '->!:-if 
■s->\<]i,    ;■'•■'■,       ..  •••  1,)  Hi 

H     ,     •    ,      i,-Mi.!l     'X'j 

.:  ^w'':' ■"■■■>:'    'Ml; 


II,    ■M-r;,;.  •.::(    i,  ., 


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>.:  )1..) 


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.,.,,,,> 


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'•  '1,;    >i 


>  I 


'18-17.1 


CuvcVnor  JJndccul/. 


■2-21 


,  motions  there  arc  in  the  world  W'liii'h  tlic  T,(jnl  diicct  nnJ  turn  to  his 
'ylorie,  tlie  overthrow  of  liis  enemies  and  the  |ii'ace  and  wdlaii'  id'  his 
I  own  [leoph'.      Whieli  is  the  prayer  of  Sir, 

Yonr  verie  lovein:^  tViend  ami  servant,  Jo  :   ICNDKeuir. 

Boston,  the  2'Jth  lih  ino.,  (June,)   H'>o7. 


During  the  principal  ]>art  of  (lov.  T'^ndeeotl's  adiuinisiralioii,  and 
particidarly  from  KJ-l'Mo  I(J()(),  die  ("(»k)ny,  '•inuh'r  his  prii(h'iit  and 
equal  governuieul,"  made  rapid  prt)i:res3  in  all  dungs  neee.s.-~ary  to 
its  respectability  and  iuii)or1auce.  Its  pt»pulation  and  wealth  rapidly 
increased;  its  trade  llourislied  ;  and  its  j'ortMgn  iuterconrsi^  becairie 
every  day  uiore  widely  extended.  I'ret^  adruis-icjn  was  allowed  to 
vessels  of  all  nations,  and  the  importations  ol' all  commodities  was 
subject  to  no  ineumbranei!  or  restraint.  'I'lu;  Colony  look  no  notice 
of  any  act  respecting  navigation,  or  other  laws  made  in  hhigland 
for  the  regulation  of  trade.  'I'hey  were  never  recognized  as  in 
force  here,  uidess  reipdrcd  bv  tlk'ir  own  legi.daturc. 

In  IGGS,  the  Court  granted  (!ov.  JMidccott,  'HVir  his  great  service, 
the  fourth  ])art  of  IJlock  Island.''  At  this  time  he  was  also  elected 
President  of  thti  body  of  Colonial  Commissioners,  ]reiH)whckl 
the  doulde  ollice  of  ( Jovernor  of  !Ma.-sachusctts  and  President  ol  the 
United  Colonies. 

His  conduct  towards  the  aljorlgincs,  that  much  abused  and  in- 
jured people,  was  always  marked  with  forbearance,  li'iiity,  ami  iidld- 
ness.      To  his  eldest  son  .lohn.  the    Indians  in    1  ()<)()  gave  a  tract  of 

■  land,  which  grant  he  a[)plicd  to  the  Court  to  tonlirm.  M"he  (."ourt 
declined  taking  sut-h  power  on  ilsell";  but  at  the  same  time,  how- 
ever, it  passed  the  highly  complinu'iitary  rcsolvt': 

The  Court,  "considering  the  many  kindnesses  which  were  shown 
the  Indians  by  our  honored  (Jovernor  in  the  infancy  of  these  Plan- 

]  latious,  for  pacifying  tlu;  Indians,  tending  to  the  common  good  ol 
the  Planters;  and  in  consideration  t)f  which  the  Indians  were 
moved  to  such  a  gratuity  unto  his  son,  do  judge  meet  to  give  the 
petitioner  four  hundred  aca'cs  of  land."' 

Though  Ciovcnior  Mndecoit  rcmoNcd  from  Salem  to  Poston  in 
IG-jo,  yet  neither  he  nor  .Mrs.  Mndecoit  removi'd  their  connection 
with  the  Salein  chureli,  until  November,  Kitil.  A  large  and  l)ril- 
liaiit  comet  made  its  a])pearance  on    the  ITlh    lA    Xovcmbcr  ot    thi.- 

,    year,  and  continued  \o   the   llh  of   J''ebruar\   follow  ini;.      It  was   the 

I    general  beliel  ol    that  ])erioil,  that  comets  wen*  omens  ol    i^ical  i'\il. 

I  One  aj-tpearcd  just  before  tin-  death  oi'  that  distinLiui-lnd  di\inc. 
the   Rev.  .lohn  Cotton  ;   and  the    death    at    this    lime   of  their   aged 


.■)^.i;wV:lC^      .  v>^->'^V^-'«' 


(,:    .        Jjif.l    :', 


•  Si      •>!' 


\yl   -f  r  ■:■■■      r  :.   :■.:■,.;-    'i'     ..i 


■I ;  • 


■■■»  '-I'l 


.1 


•".l-I     '.    >;    ,^1, 


>(^i 


■nij 


.   fni   ■■ '  ■   ;•»  ■'     '-",■ 


.f((> 


;.:if    •  ::.;    I 


u    ;i;':ii:    vmI  i'l;,    ;  vM'<' >' '}  ;ji;»W.  ,V'>/1    ;n1« 


222  •        -         :■'  Memoir  of  ^  [ju]y^ 

(lovmior,  and  the  troubles  with  whieh  the  Colony  met  the  next 
year  from  the  King's  Commissioners,  Hntehinson  informs  us,  tend- 
ed to  confirm  the  people  in  their  opinion. 

We  are  told  that  "old  age  and  the  infirmities  thereof  coming 
upon  him,  he  fell  asleep  in  the  Lord  on  the  15th  of  March,  ]66o," 
at  llje  age  of  77,  "  and  was  with  great  honour  and  solemnity  inter- 
red at  Boston,"  on  the  23rd  of  the  same  month.  Plis  dernh  was 
easy  and  traiuiuil.  Tradition  has  handed  down  the  fact,  that  the 
"  <^hapel  Burying-Ground  "  was  the  place  of  his  interment.  But 
the  exact  spot  is  not  now  known.  No  stone  marks  the  resting- 
place  of  this  intrepid  Father  of  New  England.^  Yet  his  name 
alone  will  ever  be  a  monument  to  his  memory,  more  enduring  than 
marble,  and  as  imperishable  as  the  granite  hills  of  his  adopted 
country. 

Gov.  Endecott  came  to  this  country  in  1628,  at  the  ao-e  of  40 
and  died  in  1CG5,  at  the  age  of  77.  During  these  thirty-seven  years 
he  was  nearly  all  the  time  in  public  life,  and  for  about  seventeen 
years,  or  nearly  half  the  whole  period,  he  was  Governor  of  the 
Colony.  He  was  longer  at  the  head  of  the  administration  than 
any  other  Grovernor  of  Massachusetts. 

He  was  a  man  of  highly  respectable  natural  talents,  good  educa- 
tion, a  zealous  Puritan,  a  brave  man,  a  decided  patriotic  repul  lican, 
a  friend  of  learning  and  religion,  a  lover  of  God  and  his  country. 

We  frankly  acknowledge  that  the  conduct  of  Gov.  Endecott  in 
the  religious  intolerance  of  his  day,  may  be  considered  a  stain  upon 
his  escutcheon.  Yet,  while  we  admit  that  those  severe  measures 
which  were  adopted,  especially  when  contrasted  with  the  present 
unrestrained  exercise  of  religious  freedom  m  our  country,  were  great 
blemishes  on  his  administration,  we  think  they  certainly  ought  not 
to  be  regarded  as  such  on  his  moral  character.  It  was  not  the  cause 
of  religion  alone,  which  was  thought  to  be  endangered  by  the  dis- 
semination and  triumph  of  such  principles  as  were  then  advanced; 
but  the  overthrow  of  all  civil  government  was  looked  upon  as  the 
ultimate  result.  Besides,  the  -inhole  responsibility  and  obloquy  of  this 
dark  page  in  our  early  history,  should  not  be  thrown  upon  him  True, 
he  was  the  ollicial  organ  through  which  was  carried  into  elfcet  the 
established  laws  of  the  Colony,  and  vox  j'opuU  was  believed  to  be 
oox  Dei.  But  so  far  as  he  was  individually  concerned,  we  think 
his  motives  were  pure  and  elevated,  and   that  all  his  actions  were 

*  'Vcoriluig-lo  tra.lition,  his  loinhstone  was  in  a -roocl  ,M;ite  of  preservniion  down  to  the 
-■'.iiuu  ,irr,ii(|Mi  of  ili^.  Aiiicriciiii  I!.cvolinioii,  when  ii  wus  Willi  iiuny  "Ihora  dc:<tryvc<l  bv 
llii;  IJ     :,li  suidicTS,  ul  lliu  liiiiii  lliuy  owiinicd  Boston. 


v'ul. 


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1847.]  Governor  Endecott.  )iZ6 

based  upon  principle.  Wilhont  doubt  he  partook  largely  of  the 
prevailing  prejudices  of  the  day;  and  the  wild  spirit  of  fanaticism 
found  in  him  a  strenuous  and  energetic  opponent.  ]3ut  we  hold 
that  all  men  should  Jje  judged  according  to  the  light  of  the  age  in 
which  they  live,  and  the  inlluences  with  which  they  are  surrounded. 
In  this  dread  of  unlimited  toleration  he  was  not  alone;  it  was  the 
prevailing  temper  of  the  times,  and  the  errors  in  this  resj)ect,  in 
which  he  shared  in  common  with  the  wise  and  good  of  his  day, 
arose  rather  from  an  error  in  judgment  than  any  obliquity  of  heart. 
It  has  been  remarked  by  a  recent  writer,  that  "Governor  Endecott 
was  undoubtedly  the  finest  specimen  to  be  found  among  our  Gov- 
ernors of  the  genuine  Puritan  character,  —  of  a  quicic  temper,  which 
the  habit  of  military  command  had  not  softened,  —  of  strong  re- 
ligious feelings,  moulded  on  the  sterner  features  of  Calvinism  ; 
resolute  to  uphold  with  the  sword  what  he  received  as  gospel  truth, 
and  fearing  no  enemy  so  much  as  a  gainsaying  spirit."  "  He  was 
a  very  virtuous  gentleman,"  says  Secretary  Morton,  "  and  was 
greatly  beloved  of  the  most,  as  he  well  deserved."  "In  his  public 
and  private  relations,"  says  the  Annalist  of  Salem,  "  he  was  a  man 
of  unshaken  integrity.  For  my  counlrij  and  my  God^  was  the 
motto  inscribed  upon  his  motives,  purposes,  and  deeds.  That  he 
had  his  imperfections,  there  is  no  doubt ;  but  that  he  exhibited  as 
few  of  them  under  his  multiplied  duties,  as  the  most  excellent  men 
would  in  his  situation,  is  equally  correct.  His  many  exertions  for 
the  prosperity  of  Salem,  and  his  ardent  attachment  to  if,  should  im- 
press his  name  and  worth  upon  the  hearts  of  its  inhabitants,  so  long 
as  its  existence  continues.". 

Thus  lived  and  thus  died,  one  of  the  principal  founders  and  firm- 
est pillars  of  New  England. 

At  his  decease  he  left  a  widow  and  two  sons.  The  elder  son  left 
no  children;  —  the  younger  was  a  physician,  and  resided  in  Salem. 
He  was  twice  married ;  and  a  family  of  five  sons  and  five  daugliters 
survived  him.  His  second  wife  was  Elisabeth,  daughter  of  Govern- 
or Winthrop,  and  widow  of  the  Ilev.  Antipas  Newman  of  Wenhan*. 

There  exists  a  perfect  genealogy  of  the  Governor's  family,  so  i'ar 
as  relates  to  his  descendants  in  NciW  PiUglund  We  hope  to  puh- 
lish  it  in  our  next  number. 

The  Governor,  and  all  his  descendants,  to  the  third  generati<iii. 
(1724,)  spelt  their  names  Endecott',  since  then  an  /  has  ])een  substi- 
tuted for  the  e  in  the  second  syll.ible. 

There;    ■;  an  original  portrait  ol  the  Governor  in  posse^siot)  of  one 


'':S'i>J'>>,A 


■  ....'  .1  '    t      '  .   )  I 


t,,.-.    .- 


■,■    i(;,     i    •: 


;)^^:■    '■    " 


^n 


:■■■■  -1    '    .■     ■ 


H-f" 


!'• 


,•,.,'■•    :■.    ' 


V  '     ,,    ,1 


224  First  Church   Covenant.  [July, 

of  the  family,  taken  tlie  year  he  died.  By  this  we  learn  that  his  coun- 
tenance was  open,  ener^,^etic,  and  independent,  possessing  much 
individuality  of  expression,  and  in  perfect  harmony  with  the  char- 
acter of  the  man.  According  to  the  custom  of  the  age,  he  wore 
mustaches,  and  a  tuft  of  hair  upon  his  chin.  The  miniature  likeness 
which  accompanies  this  Alemoir  was  engraved  from  this  portrait,  and 
is  considered  an  excellent  resemblance,  and  was  presented  by  the 
family  to  the  New  England  Historic  Genealogical  Society,  Boston, 
at  their  solicitation.  ,     ,  .,        ,.    ,  ,.(• 

Note.  Tlie  Cliartcr  posesssed  by  Gov.  Endecott,  and  wliicli  is  now  in  the  Salem  Athen- 
a-iini,  and  the  Charter  posse^^sed  by  Gov.  Wjnthrop,  and  which  i.s  now  in  the  Stale  House 
Boston,  appear  to  be  duplicate  orit,nnal  Cliarter.s,  |u-ovided  lur  in  the  Charier  itself  and  i-Miher 
ol  them  copies,  'J  hey  are  i)reeisely  alike  in  all  respects  —  the  .same  in  phraseolo-y  and  ehi- 
iography,and  the  same  m  dales.  Each  Governor  was  eleeicj  and  commissioned  by  the  same 
Company,  and  by  the  same  Colony,  acted  under  the  .same  Charter,  wiih  the  same  am,;,  riiy 
and  each  alihe  entitled  to  the  oiricial  designation  ol"  Governor,  whether  he  was  elected  Ciove'r- 
iior  by  the  Company  m  London,  or  by  the  Colony  here,  for  both  were  elected  Governor  by  each. 


'■      ORIGINAL  COVENANT  OF  THE  FIRST  CHURCH  IN  SALEM.* 

We  Covenant  wiih  our  Lord,  and  one  with  another;  and  we  do  bind 
ourselves  in  the  presence  of  God,  to  walk  togetiier  in  all  his  ways,  ac- 
cording as  he  is  pleased  to  reveal  liiinself  unto  us  in  his  blessed  word 
of  truth;  and  do  explicitly,  iu  the  name  and  fear  of  God,  profess  and 
protest  to  walk  as  fullovvetli,  ihrutigh  the  power  and  grace  of  oar  Lord 
Jesus  Christ. 

We  avouch  the  Lord  to  be  our  God,  and  ourselves  to  be  his  people, 
in  the  truth  and  simplicity  of  our  sj)irits. 

We  give  ourselves  to  the  Lord  Jesus  Christ,  and  the  word  of  his 
grace,  fur  the  teaching,  ruling,  and  sanctifying  of  us  in  matters  of  wor- 
ship and  conversation,  resolving  to  cleave  unto  him  alone  for  life  and 
glory,  and  to  reject  all  contrary  ways,  canons,  and  constitutions  of  men, 
in   his  worship. 

We  [)romise  to  walk  with  our  brethren,  with  all  watchfulness  and 
tenderness,  avoiding  jealousies  and  suspicions,  backdjitings,  censurings, 
jirovokings,  secret  risings  of  spirit  against  them;  but  in  all  otiences ''to 
follow  the  rule  of  oiu-  Lord  Jesus,  and  to  bear  and  forbear,  give  and  for- 
give, as  he  hath  taught  us. 

In  public  or  private,  we  will  willingly  do  nothing  to  the  offence  of 
the  church  ;  but  will  be  willing  to  take  advice  for  ourselves  and  ours,  as 
occasion  shall  be  presentetl. 

_  We  will  not  in  the  congregation  be  forward,  either  to  show  our  own 
gifts  and  parts  in  speaking  or  scrupling,  or  there  discover  the  weakness 
or  fn  ilings  of  our  brethren  ;  but  attend  an  orderly  call  thereunto,  know- 
ing Innv  much  the  Lord  may  be  dishonored,  and  his  gospel  and  the 
profession  of  it  slighted,  by  our  distempers  and  weaknesses  in  pidjlic. 

We  hind  oinselves  to  study  the  advancement  of  the  gospel  in  all 
truth  and  peace,  both  in  regard  to  those  that  are  within  or  without;  no 
way  slighting  our  sister  chniches,  but  using  their  counsel  as  need  shall 
be;  nut  laying  a  stumblingd)lock  before  any,  no,  not  the  Indians,  wii.^^e 
good  we  desire  to  promote;  and  so  to  converse  as  we  may  avoid  tiiu 
very  a,  'learance  of  evil. 

*     ..  O    Churp.ll.  hhl'   lil-Ht    in    A1:lssi!r-hllH,.|la    r,.l,in,'  1   i.-..   ,  ..,l„l,l;..l,...l     ,\,,.,    f.     I.'.OO 


vf.t;T,l 


iiiji).  •■1(1',!' 


'i  '  iliM  -r  Ufifi  ,f-;'!r<-1.;'-- ):'!{/ 


'  ;':'it  >\  '"'■ 


■i  /I  i:t".ii')  :',0  ''■.-•;;,!  i  ■:"l 


•It  i<f 


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*;«VwO  ■'    f".'''      i't    '."T   ?,',«Xi'::;i»'ll: 


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.('!         M',■'^'i•   ■  I    I   \lJ'»    )(.;    -■ 


.1   it;-i    I- 


'.1.,; 


1847.]  Heraldry.  225 

I 

Wo  do  hereby  promise  to  carry  ourselves  in  all  la\\Ti.il  obedience  to 
those  tliat  arc  over  us,  in  Church  or  Comrnouweallh,  knowing  how 
well-pleasing  it  will  be  to  the  Lord,  that  they  should  have  encourage- 
ment in  their  places,  by  our  not  grieving  their  spirits  through  our  irreg- 
uhirities. 

We  resolve  to  approve  ourselves  to  the  Lord  in  our  particular  callings, 
shunninir  idleness  as  the  bane  of  any  state;  nor  will  we  deal  hardly  >r 
0[)pressingly  with  any,  wherein  we  are  the  Lord's  stewanls; 

Promising  also  unto  our  best  ability  to  teach  our  children  and  ser- 
vants the  knowledge  of  God,  and  of  his  will,  that  they  may  serve  bun 
also;  and  all  this  not  by  any  strength  of  our  own,  but  l)y  the  Lorel 
Christ,  whose  blood  we  desire  may  sprinkle  this  our  Covenant  made 
in  His  Name. 


HERALDRY. 


In  preparing  this  article  we  have  consult'^d  various  writers  n-i 
the  subject  of  Heraldry,  and  not  only  sclec-icd  our  thoughts  fiuM 
theirs,  but  used  their  language  wliei]  it  appe;n-ed  best  adapted  lo 
our  object.  For  a  more  lull  account  of  Heraldry  in  all  its  brancho^', 
we  refer  our  readers  to  CJuillim's  Banner  Displayed,  Camden  s 
British  Remains,  Kent's  Grammar  of  Heraldry.  Edmonson's  Com- 
plete Body  of  Heraldry,  Leigh's  Accidence  of  Armorie,  Playfair's 
British  ]3arone1age,  Burke's  Peerage  and  Baronetage,  Noble's  His- 
tory of  the  College  of  Arms,  Lower's  Cxiriosities  of  Heraldry, 
Dallaway's  ]n([uiries,  Newton's  Display  of  Heraldry,  Broun's  Bi.r- 
onelage,  Collins's  Peerage  of  F^ngland,  liclham's  Baronetage  of 
England,  and  tlie  various  Encyclopaedias. 

DEFINITION. 

HnuAT.DRY  is  the  science  of  conventional  distinctions  impress',  d 
on  shiehJs,  banners,  and  odier  military  accoutrements;  or  it  is  the 
art  of  armory  and  blazoning,  or  the  knowledge  of  what  relates  'o 
the  bearing  of  arms,  and  the  laws  and  regulations  appertaining 
thereto.  Arms  in  heraldry  are  ensigns  armorial  or  marks  of  honor 
borne  upon  shields,  banners,  and  coats  of  mail,  in  order  to  disii na- 
tion. The  science  of  Heraldry  consists  particularly  in  the  appropri- 
ation of  figurative  representations,  designed,  by  suitable  emblem-,  'o 
exhibit  the  achievements  of  valor,  the  descent  of  hereditary  Iioikts, 
and  the  distinctions  appertaining  to  nobility. 

The  Degrees  of  Honor  existing  in  England  in  L'jO?,  were  nine  ; 
of  which  five  were  noble,  as  Centlcman,  J-iSquire,  Knight,  Baron, 
and  Lord;  and  four  were  excvlh'.nt,  as  Earl,  Marcjutss,  Duke,  and 
Prince.  —  The  Degrees  of  Honor  existing  in  the  Jiritish  nation  in 
1847  are  eleven;  namely,  Geinleman,  Esquire,  Knight,  Baron,  Bar- 
onet, Lord,  Viscount,  Earl,  Marquess,  Dukt,  and  Prince. 

ORIGIN  A\D  HISTORY 

Ani  ^  may   l)elong  to    individuals,  to  lamilies,  or  to  countries. 


,  'f 


i7J.-J 


'■'  )|'>i      (■' 


■JO,;  0  VB 


/.  ,i  r..":  ••       \'V,\>-'      I'V,'   ifio't   !>nff  ,'!)''il   ^roi; 

,•1'!    iJJti-V,.     .1.  -f!  ■'"■■ 


,'  r»o 


226 


Jlcraldrij. 


[July, 


Biulgos  and  rrnblems  on  shirl.ls  aii.l   hrlms  occnrrcd  in  ll„-  earliest 
\^nn'.:^       rn    Nun.bers.  {rhnp.  i:   r,-i.)    tlie   ehiMren    d    Israel   are   en- 
loincd  to  |)ii.-h  li.eir  tenls,  -..very  Hiiu,  by  his  ovvn  eanm  and  every 
^n^xn  hv   I,,.  oua,  siandard."  will.  th,.  ensi::„s  of  his  laih.r's  huusi. 
IH-'     -reek   and    J.ouian    poets   ^peak  of  painlinirs  and   deviee.   on 
suHds   and   hel.nef^.      These   symbols  were,   moreover,   hereditary. 
J  hns  \,M...phon  P-la1es  that    ihe  kin-s  of  the  Mede.s  bore  a  -olden 
<-ij:  e    on    the,r   .hi.-ld<.      Suetonius    as^erK    that    Doniitian  ^had    u 
irolden  beard  for  his  .oat  of  arn.s  ;   and  Taeilus  says  of  the  aneient 
^.mnans.  ,i,;a   they  marked    their  shieMs  with    briUianl  colors,  and 
tliat  eerlain  .stan.lards  were    !,orne  before  them  in  battle.      Xotwilh- 
-^tan.lin-  1!,..^,.  n-aees  of  armorial  bearin-s  in  the  aneient  ^yorld,  our 
u-raldry   ,s    no   older  than    the    tournaui.-nts.       That    armory    first 
beeame  eommon   and   re-ula1ed   by  e,  rtain   rules  at    these   <ole,un 
it'stiyals  ,s  eorrol)oraIed  by  the  followin-  reasons.    In  the  fn-l  nlaee, 
vve   Imd   ,K,   tomi;  or  momiment   with  eseuteheons,  older  than   the 
eleventh  eentury.       Th."   most   ancient  monument  of  this  kiiid    is 
said  to  be  the  bearm-s  of  a  •■ertain  Varmond,  count  of  Vasserbur-, 
•';.  ""'  <-!"ifeh  ol    St.  Emmeran.  at  P.atisbon.      The   shield    is   coiml 
ol  ar^etn  and  sable;  over  it  is  a  lion,  xyith  the  ^yords  -Anno  Domini 
MX.        On  next   o(   tie'  other  tombs^  even  of  th.-  eleyenth  cenlnrv 
no  arms  an-  loun.j  ;  and  lie-  u^.-  of  th.aa  s.-ems  to  have  first  beeoni'e' 
'•""^""^"  'M  'he  twelfth  e.M.lnry.     Th.'  ln->l  ,)..pe  who  can  be  proved 

''•  '';^-^^  '';'Lv^"!  ;*';^''"-  ^-^  •>  -'i''^^'-  ^^nf-,  who  fdied  thJ papai 

>ce  Irom  1 -2!  I  ,0  i:]:):}.  All  th-  earlier  p  ^pal  arms  are  the  ianciful 
uivcnitons  o(  later  (lattena-s.  On  coins,  also,  no  armorial  ensigns 
:i'-^'  foun.l  nil  th.3  thirteenth  century.  A  second  proof  of  our 
a^-^UfmHl  ori-u,  ot  ,,,ats  of  arms  is  the  word  blazon,  which  denotes 
jH'se.ene.-  ol  luTahlry  in  bVcn.-h.  Kn-lish,  Italian,  and  Spanish, 
ins  wore  has  most  probably  its  ori-iu  in  th-.-  (ierman  wor.l  blasen, 
(to  !;low  the  horn:)  lor  wl..-n."ver  a  n.-w  knight  appeared  at  a  tour- 
Mi.n.nt  tip.  h.M-il  1  hid  to  sound  th.  trumpet,  mxl,  b.-cause  all 
appearel  wna  .-l.ise  vis.a-s,  to  proHaim  and  explain  the  b.-arin-  of 
thesh.el.l  orc.Mtot  arms  belon^mi^^  to  each.  Because  this  was 
perloriued  by  the  herald,  this  kno^y|ed-c  was  called  h.-raldry  ;  and 
bocaus,.,  ,n  dom-  so,  he  blew  the  trumpet,  it  was  called  blnzoni.i'r' 
iK'  nnn^.  I  hat  this  was  a  pr.-vailin-  |,,;h.,i,.,.  ,,^  tournaments,  may 
>■'_  prove  I  h-.)Mi  th:'  po-try  o'  the  Troubadours  of  the  twelfth  and 
tlnrte.auh  centuries.  TIlmic..  it  came,  that  those  kni-hts,  whose 
'i'-,'lil  to  appear  at  tournam.Mits  had  already  been  announced  by 
Dla/omn^r  th.ar  arms,  bore  two  trnmp.Ms  on  their  crest.  From  the  " 
'"-'nnans,  this  custom  was  transmitted  loth.'  F.viich  ;  for  there  is 
"o<loubl  that  tournam.mts  were  usual  in  (^.'rmany  mu.'h  earlier 
,  "\"'  '''•^"^•''-  '>'>'  ''"•  I'na.eh  earri.'.l  to  fari,n-eat.a-  perfection 
H^  lonrna.nent,  an.l  th<-  bla/,.n  or  h.a-aldry  connected  with  it,  as 
hc-y  did  the  whole  syst.an  of  chivalry.  '  Sine.-,  moreover,  the 
Wench  lan£,nra,i,'e  prevailed  at  the  co.nV  of  the  Xorman  kin^s  in 
»M.- and,  pure  I' rench  expressions   have  been   preserved   in  British 


'Hialdry.      i  hns  tlu- gre.m    tin, 'ture,  (color,)    in   a   coat  of  arms,  is 


■:^:r-\y 


o'" 


':  '.J"  I  '.'    /  'I   M.    •'■r.\'- 


•  '••■■I  ■•'■■':      i.! 

■;  '•  '.    (•  .  : 

1. .■';■-•■  ■>    ■  .(I'vi 


V 


> ;  .-, ,  j..(., 'I  >'     III      .'-'lui 


ii   1;       V      i!       I/I    !         . .  '   Mf.-jt  J 


iM-i'' 


■■'■      •,••;'!'■;...! 


1817.]  Ihrahlni.  "2-27 

icrmcil  vert,  (tlion^li  in  Frciu-li  sinnjilr^  wliidi  oi'ii^iniillv  dindicfl  a 
rrrff/ish  hroifit:)  hri^'lil  red  i-:  icriiicfl  i>-/>rii/rs^  j)i-()l);it)lv  v.illi  :in  al- 
Insioii  lo  llio  l)loo(ly  rcvc-iiLrf  ot  wild  animals,  wliicli  play  so  con- 
.spicuous  a  ])art  in  lirraldrv  :  ili'"  divided  shield  is,  moreover,  called 
roiipc  :  ami  jKis^uuif,  r(  '^■(ird'iiil,  doiiiniiil^  roiic/Kuil,  \c-.,  are  ust-d. 
German  lieraldrv,  on  die  e<iMirnry,  eoniaiii-^  almost  pmi-  Clerinan 
expressions.  ]ii  a  coat  of  arm-.  \\\''  lielm  is  ])laced  upon  llie 
shield,  and  the  latter  is  snrroimded  1)V  tlie  wri'ath.  At  ;i  tourna- 
ment, till'  mantle  ol'  the  kni:jiit,  with  the  helm  and  shield,  was  sus- 
pended in  the  lists,  'j'he  colors  or  liiulnres  ol'  the  shields  had  their 
foundalit)n  in  the  (nrstom  of  the  mo-t  ancient  ( lermans,  of  liivin;^' 
their  shields  various  colors  —  a  ei;-lom  which  received  a  tender 
mcanini^  in  the  tournaments  ol  the  middle  aijc.-;  ;  the  knight,  hoimd 
to  defend  the  honor  ol  dames,  and  devote  liim<e|f  to  their  protec- 
tion, wearini^  their  colors  on  his  shii-ld.  liv  dei,u-ees,  the  ])artitions 
or  sections  on  shields  eame  into  use  ;  lor  when,  as  ottiai  oecanrcd, 
a  knii^ht  was  the  champion  ol  s(n-era!  ladic-,  he  bore  -cNcral  colcirs 
on  his  shli'ld,  which  had  therefore  to  he  di\idcd  into  field.--.  A\'hen 
the  martial  vonth  ol  almost  all  l-iUrope  left  their  lionics.  about  the 
end  of  the  eleventh  (-entury,  insjiired  with  rcliidous  enthusiasm,  to 
conquer  the  Holy  Land,  the  use  of  arms  became  still  more  liciieral 
and  iiecessarv.  In  ordia*  to  disliiiLrni-h  the  nations,  armic>,  and 
families,  the  princi-s  and  coumianders  chose  their  symbuls,  some- 
times in  commemoration  of  the  exploii-  and  event-<  of  the  cam- 
paii^n,  or  of  the  di^nitv  of  tin'  commandci-.  and  r-ometimes  Irom 
mere  fancy  or  pa^sing  luunm-. 

LLAZOXIXU,  IIl.STflKIl'VlXi;,  AM)  :\L\lLs^  II  ALL!  \«  i  ARMS. 

Blazoning  is  the  methodical  dc>cripiion  of  a  bearini:;.  In  the 
first  place,  the  shield  is  desca-ibed  accortlim^f  \o  its  tinclnres,  fiuma's, 
and  partitions.  The  inferior  parts  of  an  escutcheon  :n-e  tlitai  bla- 
zoned—  the  helm,  with  its  insignia,  which  are  trumjiet,  wim^s,  and 
plumes,  men  and  animals,  or  their  luembers;  then  the  wreath  and 
its  tinctures;  after  which  the  coronet  cap,  \'c-.  ;  fmallv  tla^  snpport- 
ers,  the  mantle,  the  device,  and  oiliia-  secondary  thini!;s.  Snch 
terms  for  the  color  must  be  ustal  as  are  ai^n-t'cable  to  the  station  and 
cpialily  of  the  bearta*.  All  jna-sons  l)elow  the  dei!;ree  oi'  noble  umst 
have  their  coats  blaxoned  by  colors  and  metals  ;  noble  men  by 
l)re(.-ious  stones;   ;md  kiiii:;s  and  princes  by  planets. 

In  emblazonini,'  shields  of  arms.  mctaU,  colors,  and  furs  are  used 
to  depict  the  device,  the  technical  tcaans  of  which  arc  these;  —  of 
metals,  i^old,  called  or,  and  silver,  (iri';ciif.  only  are  canplovcd; — ol 
colors,  red,  called  ^jv/A'-V,  \)\\\t\  dziirf  ,  blacl^,  snh/r^  i^rciai,  c/V,  and 
j)urple,  j)iir/)//rr ;  —  and  of  furs,  ])rincipal!v  the  skin  ol'  the  little 
aniiual  called  rriiitiu\  and  a  combinaticai  of  i^'rey  and  while  squir- 
rel skins,  called  vidr. 

In  blaxoninii^  arms  it  is  an  eslat)lished  rule  with  heralds,  that  ani- 
mals are  always  to  be  inti-rprcti-d  in  the  best  siaise,  that  is,  accord- 
ini,''  lo  their  most  noble  and  i^iaierons  (pialitic.-,  that  the  most   hmior 


|.T!'.f 


Ml      :  IP. 


.-,'   .1-     ',;;      .M, 


; ;     '   ■ : ,   .     .»■'•.)' 


'lii  "    l'    ,-.■)"  -    "' 

■,   »:;,     '.,ir  ,!;!•  ':ir. 


>r:i!f    J      ■>!' 


■I'  ■-•) 


f  ■'")       '" .      V   i'.»    "-I'll      ( 


M'.    ■•M      ■-■ 


;  'til 


228  Ilcmldrij.  [July 

may  ivdoniu]  to  tlu'  Ix-arcr.-.  Tlius  ili<>  (u\,  hciii;:,'  rciJiilcd  \vit1\ 
aii(i  ^ivcii  lo  (iK-liiiiL,'  for  his  pivy,  if  liii^  In'  tin;  fliaruc  ol  an 
(^scnlclii'oii,  \vc  arc  lo  (■oiic('i\(.'  the  (lualiiy  rcpit'sciitcd  to  be  hi-, 
wit  and  ciuniin^,  and  iiol  his  ilidt. 

All  sava:<(!  lu-asts  arc  lo  Ix;  lii^'iircd  in  their  fiercest  action  :  as  a 
lion  erected,  his  nioiilh  uidi;  open,  his  (laws  extended  ;  and  thn.- 
fornicd  he  is  said  to  In'  nihijjihil.  A  h-opani  or  woll  is  to  be  por- 
trayed iToiiiir  as  it  wcvi-  j)r//rfr/iii//i,  u  iiieh  I'orin  ot  action  snits  their 
natural  disposition,  and  is  called  pd^sniU.  Tie'  L'eniler  kinds  are  to 
l)e  set  forth  in  their  noblest  and  most  advantageous  action,  as  a 
horse  running-  or  vauliing,  a  i^'reyhonnd  cour.-ing,  a  deer  tri])))ing,  a 
lamb  going  with  smooth  and  easy  j)ace. 

Every  animal  is  to  be  represented  as  moving  or  looking  to 
the  rii^dit  side  of  the  shit'ld  ;  and  it  is  a  general  ndt-,  that  the  right 
i'oot  be  placed  foremost,  because  tlu'  right  side  is  reck'oned  the  be- 
ginning of  motion.  The  upper  ])arl  is  nobler  llian  the  lower,  ami 
things  that  are  constrained  either  to  look  np  or  down,  ought  rather  to 
be  designed  looking  upwards.  We  observe  however  that  notwith- 
standing such  precepts  of  (Juillim  and  oilier  masters  of  armory, 
there  arc  lions  /I'issdii/,  runc/nnif.  (Ii)riiiiiiit,  as  well  a<  nu/ijjdiit,  and 
mo-1  aniiii  lis  in  arms  look  down  and  iu)l  ii|).  l>ird>  are  csteeinetl 
a  mori'  honorable  beariuLf  than  fish,  and  wild  and  ravenous  bird- 
than  tame  o\\i-<.  \V\\rn  their  bills  and  feet  are  of  a  diU'erent  color 
from  tlu!  re>t,  they  are  said  lo  be  mfinhrnd.  JVirds  ol  prey  arc 
more  properly  said  to  be  (iniird  In  the  Ida/oning  ol  lowls  much 
exercised  in  (light,  if  the  wings  be  not  displayed,  they  are  said  lo 
be  borne  r/o.sc,  l\)r  example,  lu>  bearelh  an  I'aule,  a  hawk,  or  a 
swallow,  closi'.  V\<.\\  are  borne  tliilercni  ways,  U])riglit,  embowed, 
extended,  endorsed,  surmounted  of  each  other,  fretted,  Irumgled. 
Those  borne  feeding  should  be  termed  (hrourinu;.  Those  borne 
directly  upright  are  termed  Jlaurinnl,  and  those  borne  traverse  the 
escutcheon,  nniaiiL 

To  historify,  in  heraldry,  is  to  explain  ihe  history  t>f  a  coal  ol 
arms,  its  origin,  and  tlu;  changes  it  has  iindcrgoni'.  If  the  herald 
is  to  explain  a  bearing  historically,  he  must  show  that  this  figure  is 
the  proper  emt)lem  of  the  family  or  country.  lie  derives,  for 
instance,  from  historic-al  sources,  the  proof  that  the  double-headed 
eagle  of  the  Roman  king  was  tjrst  introduced  in  the  beginning  of 
the  fourteenth  century,  under  Albeit  I.,  and  that  previously,  from 
the  time  of  Olho  II.,  the  royal  eagle  had  but  one  head;  that  the 
three  leopanls  in  the  English  arms  were  first  diM-ived  in  1 127,  under 
Ilenry  I.,  from  tlur  Xorman  house.  —  'l'lu.>  marshalling  ot  arms  coii- 
sisls  in  the  preparallon  of  new  (\sciitcheons.  In  this  matter,  llic 
herald  either  follows  the  orders  of  a  sovereign,  or  he  invents  the 
idea,  and  makes  the  ])lan  of  the  escutcheon  according  to  his  own 
judgment,  or  he  com|)t)ses  ;i  new  escutcheon  from  several  coats  ol 
arms. 

uii'F];iii;\T  ki.nhs  tiF  aiims. 

In   heralilic  science,  arms  are  distinguished  by  ilillerenl  uame^, 


:^:^WA\ 


V    f-.r 


■   . :  ■:     .  r  V  .; 


■  ' :       a .  ^ ' 


1817. 


llvraldrij. 


:2i29 


to  deiiole  the  cansos  of  tlicir  bcin-  l.oriu",  su<h  as  ^/-^w.s'  nf  ihnninun,, 
of  i„rlriisioit,  of  conrcssiuti,  of  romunmih/,  o(  putroiuiiir.  iA  Jui>,il/j, 
of  f////,n;rr,  of  .s»rro-.-/o/i,  and  of  (rs'N //////// /w;/.  'l'lio.<''  o!  r/o/////(/o/i 
and  surcni'nitii  are  those;  whu-h  ciiiperois,  Uiii->,  and  >o\v\x\iin 
states  constantly  l>''ar,  briim,  as  it  xvf.v,  annexed  to  ihc  trrril.^nes 
kin-donis,  andVi-^'vi.K-.-  they  possrss.  Th.is  there  an.  tlie  arnisol 
Kn-hmd,  of  iM-ance,  of  the  I'nited  Stales,  cVe.  Anns  ol  prvltiisiua 
are°those  of  khi«:doni<,  provinces,  ,.r  icrriiories,  to  whieh  a  prniee  i.r 
lord  has  some  claim,  and  which  hr  a.hls  to  his  own,  ahhon-li  such 
kin-doms  or  territories  arc  po.^.cssc.l  hy  anotlier  prmce  or  lord. 
Arms  of  conrrs^nni,  or  iiiimnntUifHn,  (if/immr,  are  entire  arms,  as  the 
fortress  of  (Jibrahar  on  the  csiaitrheon  i)f  Lord  llealhiickl.  Arms  ol 
rommtnitfij  belon-  to  bishoj)rics,  ciii»'s,  companies,  \.c.  Arms  ol 
patroiiit'-v,  to  governors  oi  provime-,  h.rds  ot  manors,  .Vc.  Arms  ol 
famllii  are  the  properly  of  individuals  ;  and  it  is  criuunal  m  any  per- 
sons not  of  the  family" to  assunu-  them.  Arms  oi  allhuu-i  >how  the 
union  of  families  and  individuals.  Arms  ol  succession  arc  taken  up, 
by  those  who  inherit  certain  eslalcs,  manors,  cVc,  either  by  will, 
entail,  or  donation,  and  which  tlu'V  impale  or  cpiarler  with  th.ar 
own.  This  umhiplirs  the  titles  of  some  lamilu-  Irom  n<-ct-Hly, 
and  not  from  osicnlalion.  Arms  of  assnmplion,  or  assiiwplirc  arms, 
are  taken  up  by  the  caprice  or  fancy  of  persons  who  assume  tliem 
without  a  legal  title.  They  are  also  ^ulIi  as  a  man  ot  his  pfoper 
ri-ht  may  assume,  widi  the  approbation  ol  his  sovereign  and  ol  the 
irmg  oi  arms.  ^  ,     '      .      ' 

PARTS  OF  .\  COAT  d^  ATIMS. 

The  parts  of  arms  are  the  cs<aitcheon.  the  tinctures  ciiargi-s,  and 
ornaments.  Heralds  distinguish  niiu^  dillrrent  point.,  in  rM-utch- 
eoiis,  in  order  to  determine  exactly  the  portions  ol  the  bearing  they 
are  charged  with,  as  in  the  figure. 

A,  dexter  chief ;  B,  ))recise  middle  chiel  ;  C, 
sinister  chief;  D,  honor  point;  E,  less  point; 
F,  nombril  point;  (J,  dexter  base;  II,  i)recise 
middle  base  ;  1,  sinister  base.  The  tinctures 
mean  the  variable,  hue  common  both  to  tiie 
shields  and  their  bearings;  and  there  are  seven 
tiiieiures  —  yellow  or  gold,  expressed  by  dots; 
white  or  argent;  red,  by  periiendieular  lines; 
])lue  or  azure,  by  horizon'tal  lines  ;  purple,  by  di- 
agonal lines  from  right  to  lett  ;  ureen,  by  the 
same  from  left  lo  right  ;  black  by  liorizonlal  and 
perpendicular  lines  cro.^sing  ;  and  orange  an<l  blood  colors  are  ex- 
prcs.se.l  by  diagonal  lines  eros-ing  each  other.  1  he  cliarges  are 
the  embleins  occupying  the  field  of  the  e^cuteheon,  or  any  part  oi 
it.  All  ehar'res  arJ  distin-uidied  l>v  the  name  ol  }ionora'>le  orcli- 
nnries,  sii/i-onlinnrics,  and  numn^ni  <-/niri:rs.  Ilonomble  cM-dmaries, 
the  prineipal  char-.'s  in  heraldry,  are  mad.'  ol  Imrs  only,  winch, 
a.-cordm"    to    their   disposilioii    and    form,  r.-cvivc    dillercnl    names. 


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I 

I  ^ 

I    ''        ;^'^  ^'  ^^■'•"''^'■y-  [July, 

■     ■    -  t^l:^^'Tf"r^  ""","  '"■•"'''"•  ''^"""  ^"'''-""v  '^-'1  i"  <-oals 

.J   H-   ornamnus    ,1kU    a,co,n,,auy    or   .urronnd    c.-uu-hcon       vorc- 

-    on.    I   .    ar.us   .pp.na.u.      Tlu.y  arc    u.<.cl    bo,l,    hv   cl'..r.^v    a...] 
K    >.      i  '-^-  "H.t  ,M   n..  a,v  c.l    in.   sor.s  ;   nauulv,  crouns;  coro- 

and  snppoN.Ts.      The  nvs,    is  .h.  In.h.si  jlar,  of  ,h     ornam.nr of 
^         a  c-oat  ot  arn.s     J,  ,s  callcl  ..../  IVon.  ,hc  Luln  word  ,vv^/..      hid 
s,.n, he.  a  con.b  or  ,nl,   such  as  n.any  birds  have  npon  ^U.n  head 
as    d.c   peacock,  .^.c.      Lr-sls   xvcrc  ancicndy  ..Knks'of  great  honor,' 
because    ihcy  were  worn   only    by    heroes  of   ..-ea,    valc^- and    1   ^h 
••^^"k,  Ihat  ihey  might  be  ,hc  betUa- .l..iin,Mnshcd  in  an  cn-n   en  en 
a,K^.hcrcby  rally  ,heirn.enir  dispersed.      T.u.v  a;e  ^      e^Jl  "^^ 
Mdered   as  mere  ornaments.      The  scroll   is   an   ornan  ,.,,1  u<uallv 
,      placed  bclou'  the  shield  and  supporters,  containing  a  n!o 
senleiice,  alluding  to  the  bearing  or  to  the  bcarcr'^nanie 


lly 
otio  or  short 


KailuniUioii  of  thi  PUilr  a-i  Ihr   f,,ll. .ij-;„„   ,,...,    i        i-  t.         ,.     , 

'^"^"'<-,  LiUialK/c.  iinU  .hi.  ^    ■ 

'    "      '  I         I.IM-S. 

1.   iri)rizontnl  or  sirii-hi.    2    Am-Il,]      '!    l'„.v,-ll..,l       i     i-  >        -    x- 

'.      ,    t^-  Ard,cdorcnaichol.    7.  DoNMc.~avu-.l      s\\  l;-i-aric-le.     ;<.  -Non  y  or  Franclie, 

l.ulciL     is     U.lcc.      1'..   ilayoiincf,  or  raJianI 

00     T'         ,    ,         "■      ^'""^'    °"'    '""    ^''^^'^^■'■"•:^'^.    CoLOV.S,   AM.    F.Ks. 
^u.   I'^.scutclieoii,  points  ol      'M    (1r      'i-i     \„        .      ..■)    ,<    , 
Vert.     -7.   I'uriM,,.      ^"^  T  ^i,,:       '  '  ^'i  r^''':,,,  ~;'.-  ^'''^^-     •-'•Az'n-e.     27.  Sal.lo.    2.3. 

.,.    ,,,.  ^^^-     J'"i  I'iENcns.  oi:  Filiations. 

(FuuniO  Martlet     -Ui  (  ^■i"l')  A.^nilc^.  '  .n.^sKunit^Sf    '''■  ^'^''"'^^  ^'""''-    ^ 

.i7'-,S^"vn-.^;t '!-'™ '^^:';;''i^iJ:i';v'4% ■•■;•  ^ •'^'>' ■- 1-'-  "^- border. 

•^'1.    (Voss,,C  St.  .lola.  olMem.aleni'or    \l   li  ^,    r  '      ;■-'.,  Chevrou.     ^'i.  Cro>. 

C;ro>.orst.  Aa.l.ew.     uN  t'ro^.e  Ji,  , m:i,.  •  ;'•';, "^ '^^'■-^•■'lo.ioe,     oO.  Cro^..  n.ol.no.     57. 

nee  or  tnloil.     tjl.   Cross  ero-J,.!    ,;i,.|'!.r,  V''.'-  "^ '"^^s  iiioiine  in  .saltier.     MJ    (  n^s  l,uHo- 

litchee.     oo.  Lozenge,  lieury  '  '-■-  Cros^  ilory.     GJ.  Cross  luasele.     Ol.  Cro.s 

',,„     ,.  ^'-       ^'^l'''^-';''L.^.Mi:ous    F.lCAKt.N-G.S. 

00.   Lion,  statant  L:iiaid, lilt      t;7    I'iv.i,,i      is    l>  ,  i 

.Sta--s  liead  ,Ml,o.-lKd.  7o  Ti..vr  l,..,-.!;  .  --■','•  ''■  <-J'^'^-l'-"it.  71.  Sia- at  gaze.  75. 
era.e.l.  N).  Wiveni.  M  J-r.'il'  i;  1  .  |  '  ',  ,  /  ™-'",  '-■  ^Inliin.  7:-.  l-ra^on-.  head 
^\'a^er  budgets.  SI.  Siiake  ovvc'  le br,  '•  I  .'  V  """'t-  "'■  ^^^^''-'^^  ''^•^'^'  -'-•'•'"•d-  N<. 
S-5.  Clarion,  or  rest,     s;,      i;,",,*-^' ''*'''""^^^^'-    "'•  <-i"'"^-'''^il.    So.  Treiod,.    fe7.  FJeur-de-li^ 


o„  r  r  T^     ,      ,  ^''      '"''■"^^■•^S  ConuNET.s,  Arc. 

^..;;,2"-n,!;rl;^v,I,:,r"";■•,°!;;:;r,':"■■■^,;:;.^;ts , ^'^  '-r'T  -'•  ^ •"■^'  ^" 

Croivul,',,,l„,OT,,«a>,f   I.;,      ,.       "■     " ""  "'   ''""«•     W 1    larJm..! .  l.ai.     lUS. 


.f  I 


,     t     .■■r;!l 


1847. 


'"'  Heraldry. 

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Juili/icadon  of  (lie  Federal  Consfi/alioti  [Ji^ily? 


RATIFICATION    OF   TIIF    FFDEJIAL    CoNSTFrUTION    BY 
iMA.-Sr>ACilU.-S]':TTS. 

[The  lollowiiii;  account  of  ili<;  l\atiiirali(jii  of  llie  Coiistiliilioii  of  the  United  States  by 
llic  C'uiiveuUuii  of  the  I'oiiuuoiiweahh  ol  .Ma>sachiisetts  coiivcuctl  at  Boston  on  the  'Jlh  tluy 
of  January,  1  T^'^,  and  roiiuniieil  uiilii  tin;  7ili  ol  Feliniary,  was  priuled  in  the  .Ma>sarhiisells 
Gazelle  ol  Fel).  >ili,  IT^"^.  piibh^hed  hy  John  W'nicoll  Ahen  oi'  lio>ton.  It  is  liere  in?erled 
as  a  historical  dociiuienl  ol'  tho~-e  times  that  trieil  men's  sonls.  whieii  will,  we  tliud;,  be  read 
with  deeii  interest  hy  those  of  the  present  generation.  Jn  this  way,  too,  it  will  he  preserved, 
as  It  shoidd  he,  lor  jioslerily.  It  is  jjrinled  as  we  lind  it  in  tlie  Gazette,  with  only  the  addition 
ol'  the  names  ul'llie  towns,  in  whieli  ihc  iiulivithials  cil'tlie  Convention  resided.  L'l  the  (,'un- 
verUu)n,John  llancuck  was  I'resident,  W  illiam  Cushmy,  \'ice-l'resuient,and  Cieor^'e  Richards 
.Minol,  l^eeivl.iryl 

With  the  higlicst  satisfaction  we  aniiomice  to  tlic  publick,  liial  llic 
Coiivoiilioii  oClliis  coininonwealih,  on  VW^Jiicsday  la^,t,  at  live  o'cloeli. 
r.  M.  ASSENTED  TO  the  CO.NSTFrUTIOiX,  piopused  by  the  late 
federal  Couveniion.  Oa  this  jileasini^  event,  WE  DO  HEAUTILY 
congiatiilate  the  [)ublicl\,  and  do  ex[)i'ess  our  sincere  wishes,  that  the 
general  joy  which  it,  has  dililised  through  all  ranks  of  citizens,  may  be 
an  auspicious  oiaen  of  the  sii[>erioitr  advantages  which  will  undoubt- 
edly result  from  the  estaljlisliinent  of  such  a  lederal  governtaenl  as 
this  constitution  provides. 

Iniinedi.iiely  on  the  news  oi'  this  joyful  decision  being  announced, 
the  bells  m  every  jiuljlick  building  in  lliis  luetropolis  began  to  ring,  and 
continued  lo  sound  the  glad  tyduigs  fur  two  hours.  At  sun  set  ihc 
Convention  ■adjourned  :  after  which,  a  nuiltilude  of  people,  from  all 
quarters,  iuovclI  into  rSlate-street,  where  they  maiulesled  the  joy  they 
lelt  from  this  event,  by  incessant  tokens  of  approbation,  and  loud 
huzzas.  The  bells  of  the  North  church  continued  to  chime  harmoni- 
ous peals  of  gratulatioiis  the  whole  night,  and  [)art  of  the  next  day. 
Illuminations  were  made  and  otlier  insignia  of  joy  exhibited. 

The  yeas  and  nays,  on  the  question  of  adoption,  being  taken,  agree- 
ably to  the  orders  of  the  day,  were  as  follows,  viz. 

YEAS. 

His  K.Kcellency  JOHN  HANCOCK,  i:<n.  President,  Hon.  James  Bowdoin,  hon. 
Sam.  Adams,  hon.  W'llli.uii  Pliillips,  hoii.  Caleb  Da\is,  Charles  Jarvis,  esq.  John  C. 
Jones,  esq.  John  WitUhrop,  escj.  Thomas  Dawes,  jiiii.  es(j.  lev.  Samuel  SliUman, 
Thomas  Russell,  esq.  Christopher  Gore,  esc^.  Jiuftuii,  lion.  William  Heath,  hon.  In- 
crease Sumner,  Jloxlmry,  James  Bowdoiii,  jiiii.  esij.  Ehenezer  Wales,  esq.  DorL/ugl>:r,  rev. 
Nathaniel  Robbins,  Millon,  hon.  Richard  Craiich,  rev.  Anthony  Wibird,  Bruinlne,  hon. 
Cotton  Tut'ts,  M^ijiiioulh,  hon,  Benjatiiin  Lintohi,  rev.  I)a\id  Shule,  Hiiigliuni^  rev.  Joseph 
Jackson,  Jirnoklim,  rev.  'J'homas  Thacher,  Fisher  Ames,  es(j,  Didliam,  col.  William 
M'Intosh,  jVvcd/iain,  capt.  John  Baxter,  j  nil,  il7u//;i/(/,  hon,  Elijah  Huiibar,  esij,  Sloiightun, 
rnr.  Thomas  M.uiii,  Wrcnilimn.  mr.  (Jeorjj;e  Pa_\'son,  Walpok,  hon.  J,  Ei^lier,  I'faii/.l(,i, 
mr.  Thomas  Jones,  //»//,  rev.  Phillips  Payson,  Chelsea,  rnr,  Ebenezer  ^VarleIl,  Fu.rbor- 
oiigh,  Riehanl  jManiiiuL;,  esq.  I'.dward  I'nlliii;,^  cstj.  mr.  AViUiatn  Gray,  jiiii,  mr.  Francis 
Cibot,  Siihni.  hon,  Michael  I'ailey,  .1.  Cho.ue,  esq.  J)aiiiel  Xoycs,  esq,  col.  Joiiaihan 
Coi,'s\vell,  Ip.fH'iili.  hon.  Tristiairi  Dalloii,  lOnocli  Sawyer,  escj.  E.  Match,  esq,  Nitcimy, 
hon,  Riifus  Kin;^,  es(i.  hon.  Benjamin  Greenleaf,  esq.  Theophilus  Parsons,  esij,  hon. 
Jonathan  Titcomh,  ]\\irbiiri/port,  hon,  G.  Cabot,  nir,  Josejdi  ^\  ood,  capt.  Israel  'I'horn- 
dike,  Bcverlij,  Isaac  Mansfield,  esq.  Jonathan  Glover,  esq,  hon.  A/or  Orne,  John  Glo\er, 
csc^.  M'lrbUhcnd,  l.)anipl  llogers,  esq.  John  Low,  es(i.  capt.  ^V.  Pearson,  tUoi'.ii it ir.  .\o\)i\ 
Games,  esq.  capt.  John  Burnham,  Xi/ini  and  Lijnnfuld,  mr.  A\'illiam  Symmes,  \ui\.  ,bido- 
icr,  Bailey  Barllett,  esq.  capt.  Natlianiel  Maish,  Utiru/idl,  mr.  Isiael  Clark,  '/ (■/<.</(( /((', 
dr.  S.unne!  Nye,  mr.  I'hioch  .lackniaii,  S<disliiiri/.  capt.  Hi'iij.uiiin  Liiivey,  mr.  \\illis 
P.Utcn,  .■liiiisliiinj,  |)aniel  Thurston,  es<i.  Ihuilfoiii,  ini'.  Jacob  llerrich,  \\\ii!iiiin,  mr. 
Simeon  Milh'r,  Dlnnrl-trstcr,  hon.  l^'raiicis  l>ana,  csii.  Slephen  Pana,  esi].  (\ii/d'ndf:c,  hon. 
Nathan. jl    G'orham,   esq.    Chiulisloirii,   hon.  .loseph    linsiner,    ('vnn>iil,   hon.   .Vbiahaiii 


••!(!<,} 


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1847.]  b>/ JIassacIniscUs.       -■    \      ■.  233 

Fuller,  Ntwtoivn,  cnpt.  Lawson  Buckminster,  Framin^liHin,  13enjamin  Brown,  oiq.  Iax- 
in/^toii,  Daniul  ^VllitIley,  esq.  Sluilmmc,  cajit.  Asahel  Wheeler,  Scdbniy.  capl.  Benjamin 
IJianey,  M-il/cn,  capt.  Abraliani  Hi;:c'!o\v,  ]V(sto>i,  maj.  ;:en.  Jolin  Brooks,  MiilJ^'nl.  dr. 
Charlt's  Whitman,  Slow,  Leonard  Williatus,  es<i.  Wnllhuni,  hon.  J.  B.  \'arnum,  Draml, 
Hon.  J.  Pitts,  Dunstabk,  hon.  ]•:.  Brooks,  Liiuoln,  \V.  I'ynclion,  cs<t.  Sj)riiiL'/uld,  hon.  C. 
Stronf^,  rnr.  Benjamin  i-heltlon,  .Xuithani/jlun  anil  luistliumjilun,  capt.  l.emuel  i'omeroy, 
&)ulhaiiijitoii,  briir.  i,'en.  Elisha  I'orter,  Ilrllii/.  lion.  N'oali  (Joodman,  Sjtilli  Ifd'llnj, \iOii. 
J.  Hastin^'s,  JLiifutd,  John  Ingersol.  e.sq.  ll'tsifiiU,  nir.  Ebenezer  Jarnes,  Nvilh/idd,  Alnier 
J\Iorgan,es(i.  7iM////;iA/,  capt.  David  Siiepanl,  CVai/cr,  mr.  Jesse  Heed.  CIniiLiiwiil,  ^AYiuni 
Eager,  esq.  ^I'ojlJuii'j^lun,  col.  Benjamin  Bonney,  diLStcrfuld,  major  Thomas  .1.  Douglass, 
Norl/iirirk,  mr.  Aaron  Fisher,  ]\\dl/iainiilu,i,  rnr.  Edmund  Lax.ell,  Ciiniiitini^lon  and 
rUnnfiiid,  capt.  Thomas  Maxwell,  Binkland,  nir.  Elihu  C'olton,  Loitsiiiradow,  Joshua 
Thomas,  es(|.  mr.  Thomas  J)avis,  mr.  John  Davis,  P!i/)iioi'ih,  hon.  W  illiam  Gushing, 
hon.  iVathan  Gushing,  lion.  Gharles  Turner,  SctlKatc,  hon.  Cieorize  Partridge,  Jjuxiuii/, 
rev.  ^\'illiam  .Shaw,  Marshfuld,  J)aniel  llowanl,  e^i.  mr.  llezekiah  Hooper,  capt.  Elisha 
JMitchel,  mr.  Daniel  Howard,  jun.  BridncirdUr.  rev.  Is.iac  B.ickus,  Isaac  Thompson,  esq. 
Middliboiv\  cajU.  John  Turner,  mr.  Jor,iah  Smith,  i'linUroLc,  William  Sever,  jnn.  esq. 
Kiiiissfon,  hon.  Joseph  Gushing',  Hanovu\  rev.  S.imuel  A'iles.  .ilitimton,  mr.  Freeman 
'Waterman,  Halifax,  col.  Israel  Fearing,  Wiuiham,  Shcarjashanh  Bourn,  es(i.  Bara- 
stiililc,  David  Thacher,  estj.  capt.  Jonathan  Howes,  Vtiiiiiui'ih.  hon.  Solomon  Freeman, 
capt.  Kimball  Glark,  }l,inrir/i,  rev.  Levi  Whitman,  IWUfhtt,  cajit.  Joseph  Palmer, 
Fdl/iioulh,  James  Williams,  esq.  'B^ini'mi.  hon.  Elisha  IMav,  capt.  Moses  Willmarth, 
j}Uhboro\  col.  Sylvester  Richmond,  hon.  William  Baylies,  Digldon,  hon.  I'homas  Dnr- 
fee,  Israel  Washhiiriie,  e>q.  Fndoirn,  hon.  Walter  Spooner,  rev.  Samuel  West,  Ntit< 
Bidford,  mr.  Willi;im  Almy,  ll'i,«7//o/7,  .X.ithaniel  Barrel,  esq.  York,  rev.  IMosed  Ilem- 
menway,  hon.  Nathaniel  Wells,  H'i//s,  'Phomas  Gulls,  es(i.  Piy*;/i7T//yo/-o',  Jacob  Brad- 
bury, esip  Bu.iton,  capt.  John  Low,  Coxludl,  mr.  William  JNlayhew,  F.dgmlown,  mr.  Gor- 
nelius  Dunham,  Tisbiin/,  hon.  Jidin  Sprague,  Ltunasta;  capi.  Seth  Newton,  Southboro', 
hon.  Samuel  Baker,  Ballon,  major  David  Wilder.  Lcniiiinstcr,  inr.  Matthew  Patrick, 
]\'cskni,  mr.  Josiah  Goiidard.  ^/i/Ziu/,  capt.  Ephraim  Wilder,  57t;7/rt;,',  John  K.  Smith,  esq. 
Fidiitoiitli,  mr.  John  Fox,  capt.  Joseph  M'Lellan,  Poiilmvl,  David  ^litchell,  esq.  Samuel 
Merrill,  esq.  Norlh  Yanmndli,  \Villiam  'J'hompson,  e-q.  Scirbtuu',  capt.  John  Dunlap, 
Bntiisirii  /:.  capt.  Isaac  Snow,  Hurpniccll,  mr  Joshua  Dyer,  Cnpe  Flisnbcth,  rev.  S.unuel 
Perley,  Uray,  'I'homas  Ivice,  esij.  mr.  David  Sylvester,  Pou-nalboro\  mr.  Nathaniel 
Wyman,  Geonjctown,  mr.  David  Gilmore.  W'oohriJi,  William  .M'Gobb,  esq.  Bucithbay, 
capt.  ^Samuel  Grant,  V'iss(dboru\  Moses  Da\ is,  esq. />/_•. ci^i/i/j,  David  Fales,  esq.  Tliuin- 
aslon,  Dummer  .Sewalt,  esq.  iJ((//i,  John  Ashley,  jun.  esq.  .S'l. //(.7(/ and  Muunl  IVushiiiiilon, 
hon.  Elijah  Dwight,  Grait  B<irrin-^loii,  hon.'T.  Sedirwick,  Slodbiid'^i^  hon.  Jonathan 
Smith,  La,u'd)oro\  hon.  T.  J.  Skinner,  Williamituwd,  Mr.  Elisha  Carpenter,  Bcckd,  caj)t. 
D.  Taylor,  A'tir  j1/n;7//o;(('.     Toial  iVui  1^7. 

N  AYS. 

Capt.  Jedediah  Southworth,  Siou^hiini,  mr.  Nathan  Gomstock,  Wrcnthnm,  mr.  Benja- 
min Uamlall,  Shdrvn,  mr.  M.  Richardson,  jnn.  J\hdu-nii,  rev.  No;;h  Alden,  JicUinishaiii, 
hon.  Israel  Hutchinson,  J)iiiivcrs,  capt.  Peter  Os^'ood,  jun.  dr.  Thomas  Kittredge.  .Indo- 
vcr,  capt.  Thomas  Mighill,  Roidii/,  hon.  A.  Wood,  Buxford,  capt.  Ebenezer  Gailton, 
^Llhiai,  dr.  Marshall  Sjjring,  WaUiU)ira,  capt.  Timothy  Winn,  \Vol\irn,  mr.  William 
Flint,  mr.  Peter  Emerson,  7.V'J(/i'ii;t^  mr.  Jonas  Morse,  major  Benjamin  Sawin,  il/(i;7io)o', 
AViUiam  'Phompson,  esq.  BUbrira,  col.  Tienjamin  F.ly,  capt.  John  Willision,  Wist 
Sjirin^fhlil,  capl.  Phinehas  StePbins,  M'UbmlKun,  Mr.  Daniel  Gooley, -'^'"'icsf-  ^Ir.  Ben- 
jamin Eastman,  Grnnby.  Mr.  Josiah  AUis,  Whultly,  mr.  AVilliam  JJodman,  Wdllainshvrc:, 
mr.  Samuel  Field,  JAo/hb!,  mr.  .M.^se^  Ba^com,  Gremluld,  mr.  Robert  Wilson,  Slul- 
bunic,  capt.  Consider  Arms,  mr.  INlalachi  ^L\ynard,  C",iirny,  capt.  Zacheus  Crocker, 
Snndirhi,iil,  inr.  IMoses  Severance,  Monliii;iic,  capt.  Asa  Fisk,  Suulh  Briin/iild,  mr.  Phin- 
ehas .Merrick,  ,'\[oii.'!jn,  mr.  Adam  Glark,  IMIniin.  c\\\'X.  Nathaniel  Whitcomh,  Gr^tundch, 
mr.  Timothy  Blair,  7J/<;/iA"i/,  nir.  Aaron  Mirrick,  l^drnr,  mr.  John  Hamilton,  Mr.  Clark 
Cooley,  GraiiriHf,  mr.  John  Chamberlain,  iVue  Sd,in,  mr.  Jii.stus  D\\  iglit,  7J>/.7(iWi.icn, 
mr.  Samuel  Eddy,  Cohdin,  mr.  Isaac  Pejiper,  H'lnv,  rapt.  John  Goldsbury,  M'anrir': 
and  Oran'.:<,  capt.  Agrip[)a  Wells,  Bcrnardsion.  mr.  Ephraim  Williams,  .■7sA/ii?'7,  mr.  Asa 
Powers,  S/iulcshury,  capt.  Silas  Fowler,  Soullnrirk,  mr.  John  Jennings.  Ludlnir.  mr. 
Jonathan  Ilubbanl,  Lcrartt,  mr.  Benjamin  Thomas,  mr.  Isaac  Soul,  Jluldkboiu',  mr. 
Nathaniel  Hammond,  mr.  Abraliam  Holmes,  BinJusicr,  capt.  Francis  ShurtlitF,  mr. 
Elisha  Bisbee,  jun.  l''yi,ijitu,i,  dr.  Thomas  Smith,  mr.  Thomas  Nye,  Sandtrirh.  col. 
N.ithaniel  Leonard,  mr.  Aaron  Pratt,  'Buoilon,  capt.  Plianuel  Bishop,  major  Frederick 
Drown,  William  Wiiulsor,  escj.  Rdmbolh,  mr.  Christopher  Mason,  mr.  David  Jirown, 
^tcuiisey,  hon.  Holder  Slocum,  mr.  MeKiliah  Hathw.iy,  Ihiilniuitlli,  hon,  Abiah.im  White, 

15 


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'23-1-  RaH/kation  of  (he  Federal  CunstUntiim  [July; 

Norton,  capt.  Ebenezor  Tisdell,  Kaaton,  cnpt.  John  Pratt,  Mamftehl,  capt.  F.saias  Preblf 
lo//;,  nir.  .Mark  Ailams,  mr.  Jamos  Neal,  Ki/tui/,  capt.  Elijali  Tluiyt-r,  dr.  Nathaniel  Low, 
Mir.  IvicliaiJ  Foxwell  Cults,  IknricL^  mr.  'J'hoiiias  ^t.  Weiuworili,  Lilmnon,  majoi 
.SaiiiiR'l  Na^-on,  Stinfonl.  inr.  .Moses  ArriL'S,  Fnjilinri;,  Mr.  Jeicriiiah  Knit-ry,  ^hapUii;h, 
rev.  Pclatiah  'rin:jlL-y,  Wctuinnv,^  mr.  David  Bi^olow,  Wuradn.,  Kdward  'i'liompsori; 
C'b>i.  Million,  major  John  Miiiul,  Cinlinsfunl,  capt.  (Jilli(.-rl  Dt'iitli,  UojiKuiluii,  mr.  Jona- 
lliail  Jvoeji,  iri.s/_/i//(/,  dr.  iifiiiaiuiii  Morsf,  Joseph  Shcple,  t-sij.  Cmlon,  mr.  Obadiah 
.Sawtidl,  Shiilcy,  mr.  Daniel  Fi-k,  Pijiiurill,  capt.  Daniel  Adams,  TuvniMid,  capt.  John 
Wc'LIkm-,  Jldfonl,  cajx.  Sta.  Chamberlain,  IIdIIisIoh,  mr.  Asa  Tallin,  .'7- ?oii  and  Cailisli\ 
capt.  J.  llarudeii.  117///ii/i:;/()/i,  mr.  Newman  Scarlet,  TttrLtiuri/,  mr.  Sainuel  Keed, 
Liitltluu,  mr.  JkMijamin  Adams,  ..-yi/iZ/y,  major  lle/.ekiah  Bread,  Xitir/:,  capt.  Jonalhai. 
(•'seen,  .^7u)i, ,'(,/;, I,  mr.  i'hiiielias  Gleason,  /JdsJ  Siulliuiij.iin.  Daiiiid  Forbes,  mr.  N.  Jenk- 
Diool./iJil,  capt.  .b'lemiah  Learned,  Orjonl.  mr.  Caleb  Ciirlis,  Mr.  F./ra  M'lntier,  C/iuil- 
tun,  mr.  David  Harwood,  hoii.  Amos  Siiii;letary,  Siitlau,  col.  Samuel  l)i.-i\\\y,  Ldmlti 
mr.  James  Hallnia,  Sjininr,  mr.  Asaph  Shermon,  Jiullnnd,  mr.  Abialiam  Smith,  Piijiloi. 
capt.  Jonathan  Bullaid,  Oukhiuii,  cajit.  Joiiii  Jilack,  i)'(v;;(,  capt.  John  Woods,  Jhihiani: 
tun,  capt.  Benjamin  Joslyii,  JS\w  Bi-uinlit:c,  capt.  Steplieii  Majnard.  M'niLonj',  mr.  Arte 
mas  Bri^ham,  Norlhhoru\  capl.  Isaac  ILiriini^loii,  :<linti\-l'iiri/,  capt.  John  I'uller,  Liuuii- 
iti>\',  mr.  Daniel  I'litnam,  Filrhlnni;,  dr.  Saiinud  Willaid,  r.'irii.'^'v,  Josi.ih  'NVhiiney,  esq 
II  rfiiiil,  mr.  Jonathan  Day,  lUidUij,  capt.  'I'homas  ]\I.  Baker,  Ujilon,  capt.  Timothy 
I'aiker,  t>liiilirii/[;c,  major  Ivlartin  Kinyslcy,  ]l(iiilirich\  rev.  Joseph  Davis,  llolJcn,  hon 
John  Taylor,  JJui(i:;l(tS)i,  dr.  Joseph  \Vood,  Gnijtoii,  Jonathan  (irant,  cs(i.  caj)t.  Snnnul 
Pei'kham,  J'i^7>7i(»/i,  John  Frye,  cs(i.  lloijalstoii,  mr.  Stciihen  Ilolden,  ]\\>:lininslir,  capt 
Joel  Fletcher,  'JVin/iliton,  mr.  Timothy  Fuller,  I'limcton,  mr.  Jacob  \\'illard,.'Avy(ii(ni/<((//(. 
mr.  Moses  Hale,  Wuiilfinlon.  capt.  .losiah  U'ood,  isuididntlse,  mr.  Joseph  Stone,  M'ar'l 
mr.  Da\id  Stearns,  Mil/'urd,  mr.  Jonas  Temple,  livyhtun,  Daniel  Usley,  esij.  Fdlniouil 
mr.  S.  Lon^'I'ellow,  jun.  UoiIkuh,  A\'illiatn  Widyery,  iVwc  G7oiuf^7>r,  capt.  David  Murrj, , 
Nir  C'as!U,  l.cin.  Samuel  Thompson,  Tojishiiin,  mr.  Jonali  Crosby,  Wmsloir,  mr.  Zactj 
eus  Ik'al,  Jj<iivili,inliiuii,  AVilliam  Jones,  esii.  IJiislo!,  capt.  J.imes  Carr,  llalloweU,  mr. 
Joshua  Bean,  Winlhioii,  mr.  \aJentint!  Rathbun,  ritts/ulil,  mr.  Comstock  Belts,  JiiJi- 
vioiiil,  mr.  Lemuel  Collins, /.f//o.r,  capl.  Jeri;miali  Pieice,  .7(/(j/yi.<,  Kjihiaim  I'^itch,  es(j 
E^ianunl,  major  Thomas  Lu^l:,  Jl'i.-?  .^'.'o(/,A/ir/^'(,  mr.  John  Hurlbert,  ..7/^--/ J,  capl.  F/e- 
kiel  Herrick.  Tijrn'urjiain,  njr.  Joshua  Lawton,  Louilon,  mr.  Timothy  Mason,  M'lii'l^ui, 
I'benezer  Pierce,  esq.  I'artiiiljifuli/.  mr.  David  \'au^han,  Huiiiud;  capt.  Jesse  Bradley 
Lcc,  mr.  /enas  Noble,  M'ashiiii^tun,  mr.  John  Picket,  jun.  Suiiilis/uld.     Total  I\uys  1l> 

The  open,  manly  and  honourable  conduct  of  tlie  gentlemen  wlio 
comjiosed  the  minority,  in  the  great  question  on  Wednesday,  taken  in 
the  honoural)le  convention,  was  very  dili'erent  from  the  turbnleii'. 
oi'posers  of  the  con.>tltiition  in  Pennsylvania,  who,  not  content  with 
their  declamatoi'v  and  odious  jn'otest  against  its  ado[ilion,  are  now 
endeavouring  to  invulve  ihcir  coimlry  m  all  the  horrours  of  a  civil 
war,  by  exciting  tumult  and  insurreclion.  On  the  vote  of  adoption 
being  declared, 

Honourable  mr.  White  rose,  and  .said,  that  notwithstanding  he  ha^! 
opposed  tlic  adoption  of  the  consiitntion,  ujion  the  idea  that  it  would 
eiulanger  the  hberties  of  his  country,  yet,  as  a  majority  had  seen  lit  to 
adopt  it,  he  should  use  his  utmost  exertions  to  induce  his  constituenii 
to  live  in  peace  under,  and  cheerfully  submit  to  it. 

lie  was  followed  by  mr.  "Widgeuv,  who  said,  that  lie  should  return 
to  his  constituents,  and  inform  them,  that  he  had  op|)Osed  the  adoption 
of  this  constitution,  but  that  he  had  been  overruled,  and  that  he  liad 
been  carried  by  a  majority  of  wise  and  understanding  men  :  that  hu 
should  endeavour  to  sow  tlie  seeds  of  union  and  peace  among  the  pco- 
])le  he  represented  —  and  that  he  lioped,  and  believed,  that  no  person 
would  wish  for,  or  suggest  the  measure  of  a  PllOTEST;  for,  said  he, 
we  must  consider  that  this  body  is  as  full  a  representation  of  tuc 

people,  as  can  be  conceived. After  cxjiressing  his  thanks  for  tin-. 

civility  which  the  inhabitants  of  this  town  have  shewn  to  the  conven- 
tion, and  declaring,  as  his  opinion,  that  they  had  not  in  the  least  inllii- 
enced  the  decision  ;    he  concluded  by  saying  ho  should  support,  a.- 


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IS  17.]  by  Mass(trhitstl/s.  -    ■ ...       235 

much  as  in  liiia  lay,  the  constiliUion,  aiul  lu  lievcd,  as  this  stale  had 
ado|)tecl  it,  not  only  !',  but  tlie  whole  i:!,  would  coiiio  into  liie  measure. 

(lencial  A\'urf.\i:v  said,  that  thouLrh  he  had  hcen  oppo-etl  to  llic 
constitution,  lie  should  sn[)iujrt  it  as  uuieh  as  il"  lu'  had  voted  for  it. 

?ili'.  Coii[,i:v,  {Ainltirst)  saiil,  that  lu-  endeavoured  to  i^overn  liiniself 
by  the,  principles  of  reason,  that  lie  was  directed  to  vote  agaiii>l  the 
udoj)tion  of  the  constitution,  and  that  in  so  doini^,  he  had  not  only 
complied  with  his  direction,  but  had  actod  accordinc;  to  the  ilictates  of 
his  own  conscience  ;  but  that  as  il  has  been  agreed  to  by  a  majority, 
lie  should  end(.'avour  to  convince  his  conslituents  of  the  propriety  of  its 
ado[ition. 

Doctor  T.wr.oR,  also  said,  he  had  uniformly  opposed  the  constitution, 
that  he  fouml  liimself  fairly  beat,  and  expressed  his  determiiiation  to 
go  honu.',  and  endeavour  to  infu-e  a  s[iril  of  harniony  and  love,  among 
the  people. 

Other  gentlemen  expressed  their  inclination  to  speak,  but  it  growing 
late,  the  convention  adjourneil  to  Thursday  morning,  at  ten  o'clock. 

Let  (his  hv  tdlil  t(i  the  Ifjii'itr  of'  Mt'sstifhiisitl-i ;  to  the  r(  piitathni  nf'  her 
citizens,  as  men  iciHni::  to  ae'/niese<'  in  thui  repulttitan  j'l'uii.iph'^  nf  ^nh- 
inittin::  to  the  decision  of  a  viajoritij. 

Yesterday,  A.  i\I.  tlic  Convention  met,  according  to  adjournment, 
when  a  vote  was  passed  for  proceeding  in  j)rocession  to  the  state- 
house,  aiul  there  to  declare  the  ratiiication  of  the  FJ'^DEliAL  CON- 
STITUTION, which  that  honourable  body,  on  Wednesday  last,  by  a 
majority  of  NINETJ'^EN  assented  to,  in  behalf  of  the  conmionwealth 
of  IMassachusetts.  About  12  o'clock,  the  procession  moved  from  their 
I)lacc  of  session,  preceded  by  the  honourable  vice-president  of  the 
Convention.  His  excellency  the  ])resident  being  seated  in  an  elegant 
vehicle,  was  drawn  by  TIIIRTEJ^N  ])atriotiek  and  publick  s|)iriteJ 
IMECHANICKS,  who  thus  expressed  tiieir  love  and  respect  for  a  man 
who  ever  loved  and  respected  his  country, 

The  i)rocession  having  arrived  at  the  state-house,  entered  the  senate- 
chamber,  from  which  iiis  excellency  the  president,  the  vicc-jiresident, 
secretary,  high-sherilf  of  the  county  of  Sullblk,  and  other  respectable 
characters,  went  out  upon  the  balcony  of  the  state-house,  from  whence 
hi.5  excellency  the  president  addressed  the  multitude  who  had  assem- 
bled below,  in  a  short  speech,  preparatory  to  what  they  were  about  to 
hear  tleclarcd.  The  high-sherili'then  declared  the  federal  constitution 
adopted  and  ratified  by  the  Convention  of  the  commonwealth  of  ^^las- 
sachusetts. 

After  which  the  whole  assembly  testified  their  approbation  l.iy  the 
loudest  huzzas. 

An  elegant  repast  being  provided  lor  the  occasion  in  the  senate- 
chamber,  the  Convention,  and  a  great  number  of  other  gentlemen, 
partook  thereof,  and  exhibited  such  marks  oi:  satisfaction,  as  lully 
evinced,  that  this  joyful  event  woiUiI  tend  to  give  vigour  and  eneriry 
to  our  future  continental  adinini~lratioiis.  Al'tcr  diimer  the  following 
Uia^ts  were  drank,  vi/. 

1.  His  excellency  the  president  and  convention  of  IMassachusclts. 

2.  The  president  and  members  of  the  late  continental  convention. 

3.  The  states  that  have  adopted  the  federal  constitution. 

'I.  A  sjieedy  accession  to  the  union  by  those  stales  who  arc  yet  to 
deliberatL;  upon  the  proposed  constitution. 


.f}\->r\'/-\.iy"\:.   n'' 


1  M'M 


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;-1''  1236  Rn/iftcalion  of  the  Fchral  Comtibilion.  [July, 

G.  I\Tay  (lie  same  candour,  and  liberality,  which  has  so  conspicuously 
(lislingiu'slicd  the  minority  of  !\Iassaclui.sctts,  prevail  lliro'  every  state 
in  the  union. 

(3.  i\lay  the  United  States  of  America  be  as  distinguished  for  iheir 
increase  in  agriculture,  arts  and  manulactures,  as  they  are  for  their 
attachment  to  justice  and  the  liberties  of  mankind. 

7.  Tlie  great  and  magnanimous  ally  of  the  United  States  of  Amer- 
ica—  his  most  Cliristian  majesty. 

6.   The  T'nitcd  Netherlands. 

9.  I\biy  tlie  States  of  America  be  the  asylum  of  every  distressed  son 
of  liberty,  throughout  the  world. 

1().  x'May  the  llag  of  American  commerce  be  displayed  in  every 
quarter  o\^  the  globe. 

11.  I\Iay  the  landholders  of  America  soon  experience  the  happy 
eilc'cts  intended  by  the  i)ro()Oscd  eonstilntion. 

12.  May  the  nations  of  the  world,  who  would  be  our  rivals  in  trade, 
soon  llnd  their  disappointment  in  the  energy  of  onr  councils. 

13.  IMay  peace,  liberty,  and  safety,  be  the  perpetual  birthright  of  an 
American. 

It  seems  that  the  joy  which  the  adoption  of  the  proposed  constitu- 
tion has  diiluscd,  is  not  only  general,  but  sincere  and  grateful.  —  The 
rising  sun  of  yesterday's  morn,  by  its  brightness  and  refulgent  beams, 
seemed  to  break  forth,  l\om  the  dusky  horizon,  with  uncommon  gran- 
deur, partaking,  as  it  were,  of  the  joy  in  which  an  event  so  propitious 
immer.sed  the  souls  of  the  people.  The  bells  of  all  the  churches,  ^c.  in 
town,  began  ringing  at  early  dawn,  and  continued,  most  of  them  with- 
out intermission,  thro'  the  day,  and  part  of  last  evening. 

The  hardy  sons  of  Neptune,  seemed  not  to  be  insensible  of  the 
importance  of  this  great  event ;  for  having  procured  a  boat,  which  they 
fixed  o\\  a  sled,  they  continued  to  draw  it  through  the  town  till  near 
the  close  of  the  day,  frecpiently  huzzaing,  and  loudly  exulting  in  the 
anticijiation  of  reviving  and  nourishing  commerce.  In  the  boat  was 
displayed  the  flag  of  the  United  Slates,  and  musick,  which  kept  con- 
tinually playing. 

In  a  cart,  drawn  by  five  horses,  the  British  llag  was  displayed,  and 
insulted  by  numbers  jilaced  in  the  cart,  armed  with  muskets,  who 
repeatedly  discharged  the  contents  of  theni  through  the  tattered  rem- 
nant, in  contempt  of  that  faithless  nation,  whose  exertions  have  been 
iniremltted  since  the  peace,  to  cramp  our  commerce  and  obstruct  all 
our  nautical  proceedings. 

Picpeated  marks  of  joy  were  exhibited  during  the  course  of  the  day 
by  the  lovers  and  well  wishers  of  our  country,  but  we  believe  none 
will  exceed  the  exhibition  which  is  to  take  jilace  this  day,  as  will 
appear  by  the  following 

.  .  NOTICE  ■  - 

T  O    T  II  i:    T  11  A  D  E  S  I\I  EN. 

THE  COMMITTEE  of  ]\IECIIANICKS  appointed  at  their  meet- 
ing the  7th.  nit.  jircsent  their  compliments  to  the  several  TllADES- 
I\lh:N,  MECIIANICKS,  and  AllTIZANS  of  every  description  in  the 
(own  of  Ixjston,  and  request  their  attendance  at  Faneuil  Hall,  this 
morning,  at  NINE  o'clock,  in  order  to  form  and  jnoceed   in  IJllAND 


.'.■•>VV:.'\VV.(f)       VUA'<\      ^.\.\       Vl.     VU.'\\Vt>^,V-;7^ 


ace 


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1^17.]  Ldtcr  of  Chlrf-Juslirc   Sarg-cunl.  237 

niOCESSION  therefrom,  to  testify  tlieir  approbiUion  of  the  raiilicatioa 
of  tlie  Federal  Couslitutioa,  Ijy  the  Coaveutiuii  of  this  coiuiiiuuweaUh 
the  Gth  instant. 

Tliey  recommend  that  the  procession  he  formed  as  follows —  First, 
a  plough,  drawn  by  a  horse,  with  husbaiidmcn  carrying  proper  utensils 
—  Then  the  tradesmen,  iVe.  of  the  town,  each  with  some  tool,  doco- 
ratcd  ;  to  proceed  by  traiks  ;  each  trade  with  one  person  at  its  head. 
With  the  shi|)-builders,  k,c.  will  be  a  boat,  drawn  by  horses,  pro]ic-rly 
manned.  They  rerpiest  that  the  procession  may  be  as  full  as  possible  ; 
that  the  several  drummers,  fifers,  and  other  musicians  in  the  town,  will 
join  the  procession,  with  their  instruments. 

The  rout  of  the  procession  will  be  mentioned  at  the  Hall, 

Boston,  February  7,  176S.       ._,- 


LETTER    OF     CHIEF-JUSTICE     SARGEANT    OF     MASSA- 
CHUSETTS. 

fTlio  fullowiii:,'  arc  e\lr:i.-ls  frum  ii  ietler  of  .Tml-e  SarL-cant  to  ilie  f  I.  .n.  .To-cph  r>ail::LT 
of  ( .iliiumlini,  N.  II.,  who  was  a.  I)clci;ale  to  the  Coiivl-iiUoii  of  tluit  state  foi-  the  ail^iitio:! 
of  the  Federal  CoiLstitittiou.] 

I  make  no  doubt  but  you  have  carefully  compared  y'^  old  confederation  with  y'=  new 
constitution  and  I  wish  you  to  review  them  a;,'ain.  Can  there  bo  sucha  thing  as  Gov- 
ernment witliout  Power  /  "What  is  advice,  recommendation,  or  re(inisition  f  It  is  not 
Government. —  Conijress  has  a  right  to  raise  an  army,  to  make  war  and  Peace,  of 
entering  into  Treaties  and  alliances  to  borrow  money  and  appropriate  y«  same  —  to 
ascertain  y"-"  sums  necessary  to  be  raised  for  y«  Service  of  y*-'  United  States  —  to  emit 
bills  of  credit  —  to  build  and  etiuip  a  navy,  and  to  make  reijuisitions  on  y*-'  states  for 
their  (juota  of  men,  to  Cloath,  arm  and  eiiuij)  them.  But  who  will  l.-nd  Coni.'ress 
I^Ioney  when  they  have  not  Power  to  raise  a  Sin-le  Shilling  to  repay  them  '.  Who 
Will  take  their  bills  ol  Credit  when  every  Body  knows  tiiey  can  never  redeem  them  ? 
Who  will  enlist  into  their  army  when  Congress  has  no  money  to  pay  them  a  Bounty  or 
their  wages  or  find  them  in  Provisions  >  Who  will  build  and  cciuip  a  navy  ibr  them 
without  money  ?  AVho  will  trouble  themselves  about  Congress'  making  war  or  Peace 
when  they  can't  command  a  Shilling  to  suppoit  a  war  ?  To  what  Purpose  is  it  to 
ap[)ropri:ite  money  when  they  can't  get  it  ^  —  "What  end  docs  it  answer  for  other 
nations  to  make  treaties  and  alliances  with  Congress  when  any  one  Slate  by  its  obsti- 
nacy, fraud  or  some  Paltry  private  interest  may  defeat  y-'  treaty  or  by  main  force  break 
through  it  f 

What  good  end  will  be  answered  by  ascertaining  v"-  Sums  necessary  to  be  raised 
when  thirteen  independent  Legislatures  are  to  judge  whether  those  sums  are  necessary 
or  not  and  whether  they  will  raise  them  or  not  and  if  one  State  won't  raise  their  iiuota, 
y''  other  states  are  more  than  foolish,  they  are  distracted  if  they  raise  theirs. —  U'liat 
cllect  will  a  requisition  on  y'  states  lor  raising,  cloathing,  arming,  and  equipping  their 
(juolas  of  men  have,  when  V  13  Le:;islatures  are  left  to  judge  of  y^^  expediency,  or  neces- 
sity of  this  equiimient,  whether  they  are  not  changed  above  their  proportion  —  whether 
it  won't  do  as  well  sometime  hence  f  What  security  is  it  possible  to  have  under  such  a 
Government  ?  A  Government  without  eneigy.  without  power.  Zeal  and  enthusiasm 
carried  us  thro'  y""  last  war  without  any  Government  till  .March  17S1,  when  y^'  Confed- 
eration \\-a3  comple.ited  and  tlieu  we  liobhli.-d  aloni,'  I'l  mLUiths  longer  under  it  until 
peace  took  place,  and  biuce  y'  Peace,  Uequl^ition-  fnun  Coiiuress  have  had  no  more  eifecj 
than  v'^'  Pope's  bulls  wou'ii  have  hid.  The  old  Coul'eileration  is  just  y>-- >ame  to  yo 
I'uited  St.iles  as  a  people,  as  a  milk  and  water  diet  wou'd  be  to  a  labouring  man,  both 
wou'd  grow  weaker  and  weaker  till  they  were  not  able  to  crawl.  Nothini:  e\er  i:,ive  us 
any  respectability  abroad  but  y*-' readiness  an  1  chearfioiie^s  w  illi  >vhiili  w  e  complied 
with  all  y-"  recommendations  ol'  CongiVsS  when  wc  h.id  no  (j'overnnieut  at  all.  That  ena- 
bled us  to  form  Ireatiis  w  ith  other  nations,  to  hire  money,  and  their  h.itred  to  (^real  Biit- 
ain  engaged  tlieni  to  join  in  y^  war  amiust  her.  The  nations  in  Europe  discoveied  this 
weakness  long  before  we  did.  Great  Britain  for  o  y.-ars  has  refused  to  make  any  Treaty 
of  coinmcice  witii  us,  h  is  shut  all  her  Ports  aii-iiust  o\ir  shipping,  while  our  I'orts  are 
tilled  with  their  shipping  and  se.iiiieii  an^l  .ire  picking  up  our  seamen  lor  tlu'ir  employ 


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:M/J         23S  •'    .    '•  '••  Lctlcr  of  [July, 

—  they  hrini,' t!i.>ir  Pioduco  and  inanuucturrs  tr)  uv  to  buy  luil  won't  let  us  carry  our 
own  to  Ihoni.  'i'hoy  liavi^  emhirrasi'd  our  coniinorci?  with  othr-r  nations  by  setting 
y'-  Ak'orincs  iii)on  our  shiiijiii:i;  ar,d  !hori.d/y  oI)lij,'cd  us  to  gisc  .0  pt^r  Cent,  to  them  for 
insurance  aiiainst  ihe  Ali^frincs  —  all  this  while  we  iiavc  not  had  i"^'  power  to  retalliate 
;  upon  lliem  in  one  Sinu'le  Arlielo.     The  other  I'owers  viz  :   France,  Holland,  Spain  and 

Portugal  have  imw  t.ikeu  y  hint  and  are  iinpo,-in^'  duties  U[)on  our  I'roduce  and  Manu- 
factures toy  [Treat  encoinaLj.inrnt  of  their  own  and  discouragement  of  ours,  and  we 
can't  make  any  IJegnhiliiuis  lo  cotiiilerwdrk  them.  Massachusetts  siune  years  ago  took 
V*-'  lead  :uul  mad.'  some  very  advantageous  Jlegulations.  New  Hampsliire  followed,  and 
Khode  Island  adoptetl  a  small  jiart.  Soon  y  People  in  New  Ilanipshire  uiew  restive 
and  obliged  y'  Governmenl  to  repeal  y^' same.  Uiiode  Island  followed  and  Massachu- 
^  ■•:      ,'  setts  was  obliged  to  fdlow  them,  so  that  you  see  what  a  rope  of  saml   we  aie.     This 

1-        .  ■  conduct  of  y  European  nations  will  in  time,  if  it  produces  good  Government,  prove  of 

;.        •  eminint  advantage  to  us.     They  drained  us  of  almost  all  our  Ca.rh.     'J'his  put  I'eople 

r  -  upon   bi'ing  imlustrious  and  frugal.     Industry  has  occasinned  great  imiuovements  in 

,  I    ■     .  airricullure  and  in  manut'actures.     The  first  has   rendered    Provisions  plenty  and  so 

,  .  :  che.ip  that  we  s(dl  them  to  almost  all  nations.  The  latter  has  supplied  us  with  many 
.  ■  I  neees-aries  which  we  u'Jed  to  seiul  cash  for,  and  wo  remitted  to  other  nations  pay  for 
,     .       .  what   necessaries  we  wauled.     Frugality    ha-,  prevcnied   us   from  sending  our   Cash 

abroad  lor  many  Superlluities  whicli  we  can  do  as  well  or  perhaps  better  without;  so 
that  now  it  is  an  undoubted  fact  that  yo  exports  from  America  greatlv  exceed  y^  'im- 
ports ;  conseiiuently  Cash  may  now  become  as  jdenty  as  it  woii'd  be  best  it  shou'd  bo. 
The  old  Confederation  without  Power  or  Eueriry  d.estroyed  y-  Cii-dit  of  y-' T'nite'l 
States.^  'J'he  scarcity  of  Cash,  and  y^' embarrassments  of  y^^  (;overnment,  for  want  of 
.some  fixed  System  of  finance  has  de.-.troyed  y^^  credit  of  y  individual  Slates  — dilferent 
'J'enderacts  in  diderent  Stale,  diU'ereiit  sorts  of  paper  money  in  diifeieiit  Slates,  (fji 
almost  all  y-'  Stales  have  either  i>aper  inoney  or  tender  acts,)  have  destroyed  jirivate 
Credit;  so  tlial  we  are  now  as  a  people  and  as  individuals  totally  wilh(Uit  either  public 
■      -  or  private  Credit.    L'nder  iheM' circumstances  money  never  can  circulate  in  plenty,  let 

y^' advantages  for  importing  it  b('  what  they  may  — 

Is  it  now  pn^^ible  lor  a  (Jovernment.  under  llie-e  disadvantages,  whether  it  be  conti- 
nental or  pailicnlar,  to  supjiort  it>elf;iny  length  uf  lime  !  \\iH  not  pri\  ate  iiuhistrybe 
iliscoura^ed  ?  Can  such  a  Government  [irotect  y-'  industrious  Irom  y^  hands  of  invaders 
or  y"-' more  savage  hands  of  violence  amoni,'  ourselves?  Anarchy  \yill  soon  rear  Us 
head  and  y^^  Tyranny  of  some  anitiitious  ]H>niai.'oi,'ue  will  soon  tread  on  its  heels. 
Suppose  for  a  moment  y<^  General  Court  of  New  Hampshire  or  3Ias=achusetts  were  to 
agree  that  such  a  sum  of  money  was  neces-ary  to  be  raised  for  y*^  building  and  main- 
taining of  a  colledL:e  for  supporting  schools  in  dillerent  Parts,  for  supporting  ministers, 
•    .  lor  encouraging  y:  Iron  manufactory.  y>^^  manufictory  of  cloalh,  Ibr  rei'airing  y^'  high- 

ways, for  training  and  disciplinimr  y  militia,  and  prociuing  a  stock  of  giiiis  am!  animu- 
■  •  nition  and  building  lorts  for  y^  deience  of  y^  State  and  then  send  a  recommendation  to 

.■.  ,  y  several  towns  desiring  them  to  raise  their  ([uota  of  that  sum,  being  so  much. 

.    .'  Wou'd  not  this  be  a  laughable  way  of  rai?ing  money  for  y^'  public  exiirences  ?     One 

town  wou'd  say  there  was  no  need  of  building  a  Colledije  :  others  woud  say  there  is 
no  need  of  Scliools  or  ministers:  let  them  that  work   lion  and   cloath   iret  their  own 
pay;  our  highways  will  do  well  enough  without  rejiairs ;  y^^  militia  are  y.jo.l  i,'unners 
already,  there  is  no  need  of  forts,  and  there  is  no  war  at  hand,  and  we  can  do  without 
Guns  and  ammunition  a  little  longer;   besides  all  they  have  rated  our  town  too  high. 
Wou'd  not  this  be  y^' common  languau'e  ?     A  precious  little  money  wou'd  be  raiseiF,  I 
trow.     Let  me  ask,  if  y  People  in  our  town  meetings  are  competent  Judges  of  y-"  ne- 
cessity and  advantage  of  raisin:.;  money  I'or  these  purjioses?     You  will  instantly  answer 
me,  no  not  one  in  six.     Can  ihey  have  large  and  extensive  views  of  y^'  interest, of  y<-  es- 
sential and  im|)ortanl  intere-ts  of  y>^' whole  stale!     \o,  perhaps,  not  one,  lb.)  many  of 
•  ,       .       them  when  Ihey  had  met  with  other  persons  I'rom  all  parts  of  y  slnte.  and  had  freely 
-      conversed  with  them  might  be  good  Judges  afterwards."  How  absurd  and  impolitic  then 
.  .     -  ,       is  it  to  trust  y^'  great  all'airs  and  interests  of  a  c(uitiuent,  loOO  miles  long  and  lOoO  miles 
■wide  to  y^'  di-termiiiation  of  'Jiidii  men  deputed  troiii  some  little  spots  of  i'  miles  sipiare 
y^^  greatest  part  of  whom  never  went  further  than  y^  next  market  town  pirha|).v,  or  at 
y^'  out>.ide   to  y^'  shire  town  of  y  slate  and   ii>'Ver  e.xpects  to  g<i  ;i^ain  alter  iiis  year  is 
'•  up,  or  'f^  '"'  ''oes,  it  is  only  to  get  his  .:.>;.  iV/.  a  d  ly  w  ithout  labour  or  at  y^  most  to  have 

.         ■  y^'  honour  of  saving  a  small  Tax  upon  his  own  town — and  these  men  are  not  to  meet 

"l't^'ii''ther  where  they  mighl.  if  disposed,  gel  y  iiece-sary  information  to  form  a  Jud::- 
meut  by,  —  biit  in  thirteen  dillerent  iihices  where  they  have  dillerent  interests,  dilfereiu 
leaders  and  dillerent  information.  How  mucli  more  ridiculous  is  it  then,  that  all  these 
men  are  to  determine  of  y  necei^sity  of  Peace  or  'War  — of  y  sums  of  Money  neces- 
sary to  he  raised,  of  y  best  and  easie-t  mode  of  raising  it  thio'  all  y'  .-tales,  regulating 
y  value  of  money  thro'  all  y  stall's,  of  defiiiin-  .ind  puni-hlii-  Pii.uie^  .md  felonies  on 
y  high  se,is  ,111(1  ef  Otl'eilCes  .ig.uiisl  y  1  IW  of  i,.i!iii|;s  —  u  hell  it  is  iKve-s,iry  and  plujier 


"..M.>.\ 


^'Ct 


,   r.^'  {'       -i     "■   u  .    ;li,  .-.■■.< 


-Jl.   ,,i.  i     <  N    i.' 


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i.     1     }   10 

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I 

1817.]  '•'■'"  Chlrf-Jitslirc   Sargranl.         '^,.  SOU 

to  grant  Lettors  of  MririjUi' ami  rcprl'-;il  —  ^vlKlt  arc  y^'  iii;ht>  aii'l  ihuu-s  oi"  Aiiili.i.-..^u- 
(lors,  Consuls  ami  luildic  ininisUMs,  \\  liat  arc  proper  rules  rc^]i('i'tiiij;  capluiej  ix  lietc 
otlier  nations  ari;  coni-cnicil  witli  us  in  )"-'  capture  or  are  iiiter(;sli"cl  in  y  vessel  capluin!, 
what  regulations  of  Trade  may  l)0  carrieil  into  eliei-t  in  other  nation^  so  as  not  to 
injure  our  own  conitnerce.  These  and  a  thousand  other  matters  resjiectini^  our  iuVr- 
course  with  other  nations  and  other  great  national  coikimiis,  must  he  determined  hy 
some  Bodv  ol'men  with  decision  ami  be  carried  into  ell'ect  loo.  How  piepostiTi'Ua  i-  ii 
then  lor  us  to  tiiink  of  going  on  under  v"'  'dd  Confederation  when,'  y-'  .several  >i;itc^  or 
some  of  them  wou'd  hiss  any  Law  that  mi^h't  he  proposed  on  lliose  matters  out  ol  Duc.ra. 

iS'ow  let  us  consiiler  y"  new  Constitiition.  Aie  there  any  ohjeets,  of  I.e'^j-  a- 
tion  in  this,  which  were  not  left  to  y^  decision  of  Congress  under  y"^  old  Articles  i 
Very  l"ew,  s.ue  that  of  KeLrnlaling  cniiiiiii-ree  \\  ith  I'lirei^'u  naiions  lor  want  of  wh;"!! 
we  have  sud'ered  enough  already  —  also  to  lorm  a  rule  iir  naturalization  Laws 
about  Bankruiitcies  —  fix  y"^' standard  of  \vei:,'hts  and  measuies  —  to  promote  y"^  I'l'og- 
ress  of  arts  and  Sciences  —  to  prevent  counterfi'itirii,"-  y-' Securities  and  current  coin 
of  y*'  states,  to  provide  for  orirani/ini.'.  arming,  di'<eii)lining  and  calling  fortli  y  militia 
on  necessary  occasions;  to  exercise  exclusive  Jurisdiction  over  10  niile'S  square  of  la;:d 
where  Congress  may  sit,  if  so  much  is  coiled  to  them  by  any  state  to  their  satisfaction 
and  such  other  places  where  continental  arsenals  are  kept.  Our  Pef>i)le  are  taught  y-" 
necessity  of  this  provision  lor  if  a  man  of  le;S  penetration  and  d.ecision  had  been  in  y^ 
chair  y  year  before  last  —  they  would  have  lo-i  their  most  u'-einl  and  costly  magazine. 
Is  it  not  reasonabit;  th.it  tliese  matters  slmuM  be  done  with  unilbrinity  thro'  y  slates  ? 
Can  these  great  cdijects  evi'r  be  accomplished  williont  making  laws  to  bind  all  persons 
in  y  Jurisdiction  /  Who  are  to  make  tbo-e  Laws  but  y'  Re|)resentativcs  rhosen  by 
y  Peojile  al  lar^e  every  two  years,  and  \\liere  an  ecjual  re|)resenlalion  is  provided  lor. 
and  a  Senate  chosen  by  y  stale  Legislatures,  one  third  of  which  are  to  be  chosen  every 
two  years.  When  Laws  are  niaile  they  are  nonsensical  unless  they  can  be  curried  ii.to 
e.xecution;  therefore  it  is  necessary  somebody  sliou'd  ha\e  a  Power  of  determining 
■when  they  are  broken,  and  to  decice  y^'  I'orllelure  in  conseiinence  of  such  breach,  'liiis 
shows  y  necessity  of  y^  Judicial  Power  —  and  an  executive  with  y-'  necessary  olticers 
are  rciiuisite  for  carrying  those  decrees  into  execution  —  and  without  all  this  y-'  ^v!:ole 
parade  of  making  laws  wou"d  be  idle. 

That  these  parts,  y^' Judicial  and  executive,  sliouM  be  appointed  by  congiess  is  nec- 
essary in  order  that  y-'  proceedings  may  be  uniform  and  to  prevent  one  state  fiom  con- 
niving at  or  disregarding  y"  hiws  made  i'or  y^  beneht  of  y'  whole.  If  they  are  to  rai-e 
money  they  must  have  olticers  to  collect  it.  These  must  be  appointed  by  ('ongress  or 
such  men  will  be  appointed  by  particular  states  as  will  shew  y^' most  lavour  —  and 
look  thro'  y*^  whole,  I  believe  you  will  not  find  a  Single  Power  given  but  what  wor.ld 
maim  y"-"  constitution  if  it  was  left  out.  Perhaps  it  may  be  said  this  will  be  an  exjicnsive 
Government.  The  Legislative  will  not  be  more  exptMisive,  if  so  much,  as  y"-'  iirescnt 
congress  for  after  they  have  got  matters  a  going  properly,  they  may  be  at  home  half 
their  time.  The  other  olticers  must  be  paid  it  is  true,  Imt  when  we  consider  y""  advan- 
tages of  a  steady  uniform  (Government  with  jiroper  energy,  I  believe  we  shall  lind  y-' 
Benefits  purchased  at  a  cheap  rale.  Perhaps  some  may  say  that  this  annihilates  cur 
own  state  Governments,  and  our  own  Legislatures  will  have  nothing  to  do;  but  y^ 
Laws  respecting  criminal  olienders  in  all  cases,  except  Treason,  are  subjects  (or  Legis- 
lation. AVe  may  increase,  lessen,  or  change  punishments  for  crimes  as  we  think  best, 
and  make  any  act  criminal  or  ponal  as  far  as  Law  can  make  it  so  at  our  pleasure.  'Ihe 
regulatinii  Towns,  i)arishes,  Pioviding  ministers,  scliools,  looking  after  Poor  persons,  pun- 
ishing Idlers,  vagabonds  f<:c.  ^^c.  regulating  Highways,  bridges,  lisheries.  common  lieids 
^vc.  are  also  matters  pertaining  to  y  General  court  —  but  above  all  y-'  great  rules  lor  reg- 
ulating inheritances,  descent  of  estates,  I'aililion  of  them,  last  wills  and  Te»taiiiei:ls, 
executors,  Administrators,  and  Guardians  are  subjects  lor  our  own  Legislation — y^' 
appointment  of  all  courts,  and  y^  rules  of  Proceeding  in  them  and  of  determining  all 
controversies  between  our  own  citizens,  Rules  of  Legitimacy,  marriage  and  d.ivorce 
and  in  line  all  matters  not  expressly  given  to  congress  aie  still  to  be  the  subjects  ol  our 
ow  n  Legislation  to  be  carrietl  into  lltiect  by  our  own  courts  and  oliicers.  Over  w  iial 
things  does  y^  constitution  give  congress  a  Power  only  tiiose  of  great  national  concern, 
which  require  a  large  comprehensive  view  and  which,  Heaven  knows,  our  IL'U^i's  ol 
ll-p-s-t-tives  were  never  cajiable  of  comprehending  or  of  judging  whether  they  wt-re 
acting  right  or  wrong.  —  I  write  very  freely  to  you,  without  any  re-^erve.  Y*^  reg.'.rd 
I  have  for  my  Children,  my  Kinsmen,  my  friends,  my  .Neighbours,  I'osteiity  and  my 
country,  makes  me  bless  G'od  that  those  objects  are  likely  tor  ever  to  be  taken  onl  of 
such  hands,  two  thirds  of  whom  were  never  from  their  lire  side  before,  and  nevei  coai- 
lirehended  m  their  view  more  than  their  own  farms  am!  their  ow  n  little  private  interest. 
I  coifd  write  a  volume  on  this  subject,  but  thus  much  must  sulilce  l^r  y  pre-'Mit.  I 
believe  you  are  tired  now  as  well  as  your  ailectioi.ate 

Kinsman  and  sincere'  fiiei.d  .uul  Serv' 

-Naihl   Ph.\sLLi:   S.vin.  l.v.nt. 


r    .  I   I    .    /: 


240 


A   Coiiijihtc  List 


[July, 


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2-12 


A    Co)H]>hlc  List 


[July, 


^'I'il^   %^     ^-    V-  iv.u 


^'  ^'  -      '^'  "  "  >^      y-  ■/.  V  7 


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P-^SSSH'^'^^'^^   ^   ?^^^";j;f  !:  S 


~     —  Ti  n 


I  /  •' 


1^47. 


of  ihc  Ministers  af  Boston. 


243 


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CoHi^'rcLralioital   Churches  atul 


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1917.] 


2Iinistcrs  in  RociyoigJiam  Count y.  215 


NOTES 


EvKTER.  ^' Jlrctcr  New  Churclij''  aftcrwanls  nillcd  "The  Sicoitd  Chinch  of 
Christ  in  Ejetcr.''*  A  considerable;  lumiber  oC  the  inciiibLMb  ul  the  Fii-t  Churcli 
soft'dcd,  and  "einhcnlied  into  a  New  Cliiirch,  c^ii  a  ilay  of  Fastiiii,'  and  I'laycr, 
June  7.  17-14.''  There  is  an  error  in  several  publieatioiis.  f^'ivini,'  17If<  ay  the 
date  ol  tlie  formation  of  that  churcli.  This  error  is  founu  on  the  inonumeiilal 
.stone  of  Kev.  Daniel  Roi^or.s,  in  the  ;:raveyard,  in  Kxeter.  It  is  not  stranL'i-  that, 
in  so  long  an  inscription,  there  .should  have  been,  through  inadvertency,  an 
omission,  bv  the  engraver,  or  in  his  copy,  of  the  word  insldlled,  inimeiliately 
after  the  name.  The  words,  I'asior  of  a  church  gathircd  in  Exeter,  .should  have 
been  marked  by  a  parenthesis,  'Jlie  inscription  on  the  gravestone  wa^  copii'd 
bv  Aldeii,  into  his  ('(illections,  and  thus  currency  has  been,  unintentionally, 
given  to  the  error.     Original  documents  show  the  iacLs  in  the  case. 

The  causes  of  the  secc.>iion,  which  issueil  in  the  establishment  of  a  New 
Church  in  Exeter,  were  of  a  relii'lous  nature,  but  the  presentation  of  tliem  does 
not  come  within  the  scope  of  this  woik,  and  besides,  we  have  not  space  lor  their 
discussion. 

The  Rev.  Daniel  Ro<jcrs  was  born  in  Ipswich,  Ms.,  in  1707,  and  graduated  H. 
C.  17-25.  lie  received  ordmation,  without  a  [jastorul  charge,  by  a  council,  which 
met  at  York,  July  13.  171v?.  'J'lie  ministers  of  the  council  were  Kev.  Messrs. 
Jeremiah  Wise  of  I^erwick,  'Mo.  ;  iN'icholas  Gilman  of  Durham,  N.  II.  ;  John 
Rogers  of  Kittery,  (now  Eliut,)  JMe.  :  and  Samuel  Moody  of  York,  Me.  Rev. 
Daniel  Rogers  "had  been  many  years  a  tutor  isi  Harvard  College,  was  a  pious 
faithful  minister  of  Jesus  Christ,  and  a  worthy  sou  of  Rev.  John  Rogers,  pastor 
of  the  lirst  churcli  in  Ipswich,  who  died,  Dec.  28,  17-15,  in  his  80th  year.  JIc 
was  a  son  of  John  Rogers  of  the  same  i)lace,  a  pliysician,  and  preacher  of 
God's  word,  and  President  of  Harvard  College,  who  died,  July  '2,  UiS  1,  aged 
54  years.  Jle  was  eldest  son  of  the  Rev.  Nathaniel  Rogers,  who  came  from 
Enuland,  in  lOSfJ,  settled  at  Ipswich,  colleague  pastor  with  the  Rev,  Nathaniel 
Ward,  and  died,  July  "2,  1U5,'),  aued  57  years.  Jk  was  son  of  the  Rev.  John 
Rogers,  a  famous  minister  of  God's  woid  at  Dedham,  in  England,  who  died  Oct. 
18,  li)3it,  aged  G7  years.  lie  was  grandson  of  John  Rogers  of  London,  Preben- 
dary of  St  PauTs,  Vicar  of  St.  Sepulchre's,  and  Reader  of  Divinity,  who  was 
burnt  at  Smithlield,  Feb.  14,  1555,  lirst  martyr  in  (iuecn  Mary's  reiiiu."  [Mon- 
umental Stone ;  Jldrn'i  Epitaphs.]  Rev.  Daniel  Rogers  died,  Dec.  It,  1785,  aged 
79.  When  the  Covenant  of  the  ^nd  church  was  adopted,  it  was  signed  by  30 
males  and  11  females.  During  Mr  Rogers'  ministry,  '22  males  and  3'J  females 
were  added.  It  is  well  known,  that  Mr.  Whitelield  preached  a  few  times  at 
Exeter.  During  the  last  week  in  September,  1770,  he  preached  four  times  in 
Portsmouth.  On  Saturday  morning  he  rode  to  Exeter,  and  preached  to  a  large 
concourse  of  people,  assembled  in  the  open  air.  It  was  his  last  sermon.  In 
the  afternoon, lie  rode  to  Newburyport,  where  he  died  the  next  morning,  on  the 
30th  of  September.  lie  was  interred  on  the  2nd  of  October.  Of  his  pall  bear- 
ers were  Itev.  Dr.  Haven  of  Portsmouth,  and  Rev.  Daniel  Rogers  ot  Exeter. 
'•  'When  the  corpse  was  nlaceil  at  the  foot  of  the  pulpit  close  to  the  vault,  the 
Rev.  Daniel  Rogers  made  a  very  allecting  prayer,  and  openly  confessed  that 
under  God,  he  owed  his  conversion  to  that  man  of  God  whose  preciou^>  remains 
now  lay  before  them.  Then  he  cried  out,  O  my  father,  my  father!  Then 
stopped  and  wept,  as  though  his  heart  would  break  ;  ami  the  peoph;  weeping 
all  through  the  place.  Then  he  recovered,  and  t]ni^hed  his  prayer  and  sat  down 
and  wi'pt.''      [Dr.  (IdVte's  Memoirs  nf  ll'hitejiild.] 

Tlie  In  r.  Joseph  7)/7u/'u  was  educattnl  ul  Lady  Huntingdon's  Seminary,  and 
wa^  ,-ettleil  in  the  miiiistrs-  at  Epping,  I<'ssex,  England,  until  he  canu!  to  this 
country.  When  ilismissed  at  E\eter,  he  removed  to  Deer  I~.le,  Me.,  where  he 
was  installed,  180  1,  and  where  he  died,  Sept.  13,  1811),  aired  57.  From  tlie 
death  of  Mr.  RoL'crs  to  the  close  of  Mr.  Brown's  minislry,  in  the  2nd  church  in 
Exeti'r.  there  were  added  fourteen  males,  and  twenty-four  I'emales.  During 
Mr.  Hrown's  resilience  at  Deer  Isle,  he  was  engaged  in  soliciting  aid  tor  some 

<  This  i>  lint  ilic  I'laiKli  ul'  w!ih  !i  ilic  Ui'v,  .Mr.  llunl  i-  [M-U'r, 


■I    V   11'  ') 


216  CoiiL'/'cg-alioiuil  Churches  and  [July, 

cliaritable  enterpriso.  For  tliat  piii-po-o  lie  called  on  .some  of  the  people  ol 
Portsmouth.  Tiu'y  receised  him  kindly,  and  only  objected  that  they  iiad  just 
been  doing  (oy  lltii,  —  thiit,  —  and  f/c- o^/c. r  o!)j(;ct3  of  benevolence.  His  reply 
is  worthy  of  notice  for  the  "ifatiiaent  it  contains  :  '•'  I  love  to  come  amoiiLT  these 
luive  been  iluing  folks."'  On  the  church  book  are  the  baptism?}  of  liis  ^^on  Amer- 
icas, in  17!t3  ;  his  bon  Charles  Miuilson,  in  17i)4  ;  and  his  .son  Daniel  Rogers, 
in  17;i7.  ib-v.  Charles  M.  Biown  has  been  a  /.ealou.s  and  useful  Seamen's 
Chaplain.  From  the  close  of  Mr.  lirown's  ministry,  in  the  -'nd  church  in 
Exeter,  to  1.S02,  there  wen;  admitted  three  males,  ami  nine  females.  Tliere  is 
then  a  chasm  in  the  records,  till  Sept.  18,  l.S.!3,  when  a  majority  of  the  mem- 
b'Ms  ri'niai'.iijiLT  iir  FA'eter,  anil  they  females,  met  at  the  house  of  Mrs.  Martha 
Foor.  Their  proceeJin^'s  are  regidarly  entered  in  the  chuich  book,  the  last 
date  being  May  2'2,  IS-M. 

Thev  had  no  pastor  after  ]\b-.  Drown.  For  a  few  years  they  had  occasional 
preaching.  They  never  formally  disbanded;  but  mo^t  of  them  united,  or  min- 
gled in  the  observance  of  relii'ious  ordinances,  with  other  churches.  Their 
meeting-house  stood  where  Maj.  Waddy  V.  Cobb"s  house  now  stands,  or.  Front 
street. 

A  Xcw  Church  wa^  formed  Dec.  2  1,  1S13,  which  is  now  styled  "  The  Second 
Ch'trck  in  Kwlcr.''  Tlie  ministers  invited  on  the  occasion  by  Letters  Missive 
from  "several  mcmber.s  of  the  Religious  Society,  in  the  Upper  Congregational 
Society  in  Exeter,"  were  the  Rev.  Messrs.  Porter  of  Rye,  Holt  of  Epping, 
Abbot  of  Hampton  Falls,  Webster  of  Hampton,  and  French  of  North  Hampton, 

Mr.  Hosea  llildreth,  profes.ior  of  mathematics  and  natural  philosophy,  in  the 
Academy,  and  who  was  also  a  preacher,  supplied  the  pulpit  for  some  time.  Mr. 
Hildreth  was  ordained  in  (iloucester,  Ms.,  in  1S-2j  ;  and  installed  in  West- 
borough,  Ms.,  in  ISoJ.  He  died  in  Sterling,  Ms.,  his  native  place,  July  10, 
183,"),  aged  o3. 

J'lr.  l-iHii:  Ifiinl,  pastor  of  the  present  Second  Church,  was  born  in  Charles- 
town,  Ms.,  Dec.  7,  17S.3  ;  graduated  H.  C.  18()ti  ;  studied  theology  with  Rev. 
Dr.  Osirood  of  Medford,  Ms.  ;  and  afterwards  at  Divinity  Hall,  in  Edinburgh, 
Scotland  ;  and  commenced  preaching  in  the  city  of  London.  He  was  ordained 
pastor  of  the  First  Church  in  Lyim,  .Ms.,  Sept.  15,  1S13,  lesiirned  May  -li, 
ISlfi,  and  was,  by  the  unanimous  invitation  of  ''The  Second  Congregational 
Church,  in  E.veter,"  installed  their  pastoi-,  Sept.  11,  1817.  The  sermon  was 
preached  by  the  Rev.  Daniel  Dana,  D.  D.,  of  iVewburyport,  from  1  'i'im.  i:  7. 

Tlie  I'ather  of  Mr.  Hurd  was  Joseph  Hurd,  Es(i.,  of  Charlestown,  Ms.,  whose 
brother,  Isaac  Hurd,  M.  D.,  graduated  at  H.  C.  in  177(J,  and  was  a  physician 
of  celebrity,  in  Concord,  AIs.  'l"he  Rev.  j\Ir.  Hurd  married,  ^Llrch  I'i.  181 'J, 
]Mrs.  Elisabeth  Emery  of  Exeter,  whose  maiden  name  was  Folsom.  One  of 
the  sons  of  Mr.  Hurd  died  in  early  childhood,  liis  other  son,  Francis  Parkman 
Hurd,  graduated  at  H.  C.  in  lS3ii,  and  received  the  degree  of  M.  D.  from  the 
University  of  Peimsylvania,  in  1845. 

Gosi'oiiT,  or  Star  Island,  is  one  of  a  cluster  of  eight  small  islands  usually 
called  'J'he  Isles  of  Shoals,  composed  of  beds  of  njcks,  jiartly  covered  with 
soil.  They  are  about  nine  miles  from  Portsmouth  Light  House,  and  twenty- 
one  from  Newburyporl  Lights.  Five  of  these  islands  are  within  the  limits  of 
Maine.  Of  tliese,  I  log  Island  is  the  largest  of  the  whole  group,  and  contains 
about  350  acres.  Of  the  three  in  New  Hampshire,  Gosport,  or  Star  Island, 
formerly  called  Appledore,  is  the  largest,  and  contains  15U  acres.  AVhite 
Island,  on  which  the  Light  House  is  located,  is  only  one  acre.  These  islands 
were  visited,  as  early  a-?  KJll,  by  the  celebrated  navigator,  John  Smith,  who 
gave  them  his  own  name;  but  they  have  long  been  called  "  Tiie  Isles  of 
Shoals."  They  invited  settlement,  merely  by  the  advantages  they  furnished 
for  lishery.  This  business  was  prospiMOUs,  for  about  a  century,  previous  to  the 
American  Revolution.  The  population  varied  from  300  to  (JUO,  employing  a 
number  of  schooners  and  other  craft.  A  meeting-house,  previous  to  ltJ-11,  was 
erected  on  Hog  Island,  where  the  people  from  the  .several  islands  used  to 
assemble.  There  was  also  a  Court  House  on  the  same  island.  At  a  subsequent 
period,  a  meeting-house  was  built  on  Star  I>land,  where  the  greater  part  of  the 
inhaliitants  have  resided.  ,  . 


...,  y^yyw'^  \v^.u^>;\^-    ■  ^>^^"» 


01- 


■,,.,;. -.r      •■;      I:    :■■  ■■■■'       ■■■'.-      ■■'■-■'■'    ' 


'   •'! 


C-^f         '■'-       > 


:,.■  V      ' 


,i.,j.-     ... ,.;  -..-li  •-^' 


1^17.]  Jlinislers  in  ruxkin'^ham  Coun'ij.  247 

Rev.  Joseph  Hull  camo  from  England,  aiiJ  .sptllcd  in  Wevinouih  \U  in 
]fi3j.  He  rosi;,'iiea  in  l(i3!i,  and  alkTwaicIs  preacliod  at  tho  'l.lrs  ui  Slio'aN 
Ho  IS  mLTilioned  as  "of  the  Isle  of  Slmles,"  hy  Dr.  Cotton  .Mather,  in  hi^^  li^t  of 
tlie^first  class  of  New  En-laiul  uiinistL'rs.  [iV(/i.'/i((/i(/,  \'ol.  I.,  IJ. ';i.l 
_  Rcw  John  Erode  came  to  New  Kii-lanJ  in  l(i37.  U^i  comuicncra  nrraoliin" 
in  Jfowloy,  and  altcrward  laluuvd,  a  nuniher  of  years,  at  [he  Shoals.  He  was 
e^leeined  eniinently  pious.  The  celehrated  Mr  .Mitihcl  of  Cauil)ri.i-r  >:iid  of 
Inni,  •'  He  dwells  as  near  heaven  as  any  man  iipuii  earlli."  Itev.  John  Allin  of 
Dedliain  observed,  "  I  scarce  ever  knew  any  man  .>o  familiar  with  the  "real 
God  as  his  dear  servant  IJrock."  'J-hrr.-  w,re  s(.-veral  remarkable  coincidences 
between  .Air.  Brock's  prayers  and  iirovidenlial  occurrences  afterward.  A  man 
w-hose  pnncii)al  jnoperty  was  his  ll>hm^-l.<,at,  and  who  had  been  very  service- 
able m  conveying  to  the  i)lac(-  (,f  meetin-  the  inhaliitants  of  other  island^ 
os^t  Ins  l)oat  m  a  storm.  He  lamented  hi,  lo^s  to  ,Mr.  Ihock,  who  sahl  lo  him' 
•  Go  home,  honest  man,  I  "11  mention  the  mailer  to  the  Lord,  you  '11  have  your 
boat  to-morrow."  Mr.  IJrock  made  the  mailer  a  subject  of  pra\er.  The  ne.\t 
dav  the  anchor  of  a  vessel  fastened  upon  the  boat  and  drew  it  up. 

The  people  were  persuaded  by  Air.  Ihock  to  observe  one  day  in  eacli  month 
as  nn  extra  season  of  leli-ious  e\erci:~es.  On  «.ie  occasion, "the  rou-hness  of 
the  weather  had  lor  several  days  prevented  li^hiu-  On  the  day  of'meetin- 
the  weatlier  was  Ime,  and  the  men  wished  the  meelini;-  put  by.'  Mr.  iJrocr 
perceivin:,'  that  they  were  deteimmeit  not  to  all-'ud,  said  to  llieni.  If  uuu  irtll  .-o 
(ucaij,  I  saij  unto  yon,  catch  Ji^h  if  you  can.  Jlut  us  for  you  that  mil  turrif  and 
worship  the  Lord  Jcsu.s  Christ  this  ihnj,  I  u-ill  pray  unto  hinifor  you,  that  y.umin, 
take  fish  till  yon  arc  weary.  Tliirty  men  went  away,  and  five  tarried  The 
thirty  canyhl  but  four  lislics.  The  live,  who  tarried,  wont  out  afterward  and 
took  atiout  live  hundred. 

Mr.  Brock  continued  at  the  Shoals  till  HUrl,  wlien  he  removed  to  Ileadin<^ 
Ms.,  where  he  was  settled,  as  successor  of  Kev.  Samuel  Iluu-h,  whose  widow 
he  marrieil,  and  w  here  he  continued  till  his  death,  in  his  (JMiryear  For  other 
particulars  of  Mr.  Brock  see  Alaimalia,  Vol.  11.,  B.  1,  and  Am  iUiar  lie-  V(il 
VIII.,  p._140,  and  Vol.  XL,  pp.  170,  liin.  '  •.•,.,!. 

Rev.  Savnul  Bclchtr,  who  i,'raduated  II.  C.  in  IH.^i),  was  preacher  at  the  Shoals 
m  li;72.  From  lOii.S  to  171 1,  he  was  past.;r  of  the  2nd  churcli  in  Xewburv 
which  became  the  1st  in  West  .\ewbury.  lie  died  in  ipswi.'h,  liis  native  place 
Alio-.  i;j,  171.1,  a-ed  7  t.  '■'  He  was  a  -o(nl  scholar,  a  |udiciuus  divme  ;  and  1 
holy,  humble^  man.''     [Am.  (iuar.  Jle^.,  \u\.  \l  L,  p.  ;2.3;*,J 

Rev  John  Tiukc  is  understood  to  have  been  the  only  pastor  ever  ordained  at 
the  Shoals.  The  writer  ot  this  article  has  not  been  al^le  to  ascertain  how  the 
people  were  supplied,  duiui-  the  forty  years  immediately  precedin- the  set- 
tlement of  Air.  Tucke.  lAIr.  Tuck.;  was  the  son  of  John,  who  was  the  .M,n  uf  Ed- 
ward, who  was  the  son  of  Robert,  who  emii^rrated  froni  Gorlslon,  Sulhilk,  Ko'^. 
•about  the  year  lO.'JG,  and  was  amon^'  the  lirst  settlers  in  Hampton,  \  II'  Air' 
Tucke\s  ordination  sermon  was  preached  by  liev.  Jabez  Fitch  of  Portsmouth  from 
Alatt.  IV  :  1!)  —  1  v-dl  make  yon  fishers  of  men.  It  is  said  that  Air.  Tucke  was  fur- 
nished with  a  lar-e  library,  and  was,  notwithstanding:  his  isolated  situation  ex- 
tensively acquamted  with  the  allairs  of  hi.s  times.  He  was  one  of  tlie  forty-live 
ministers,  whose  attestations,  by  letter,  lo  the  revival  in  17-13,  were  published 
His  remains  rest  in  Gospoit.  Th(>  followin-  inscription  on  his  mouumental 
.■^tone,  has  been  considered  a  jUst  tribute  to  his  memory. 

Tfmiorncath 

am  the  remains  of  the 

Kev.  John  Tuck.  A.  .M. 

He  -rixlii.itea  at  Ihirvanl 

Colh'-c  A.  1).  17-.':i— w,i- ..nlained  ••■■■■'••(      .'■■■'■     '    :; 

here  July  I'l'..  I's: 

and  liieil  Aa":;iist  I'J.  177.J. 

.'i:.^72. 

lie  was  alKiMe  nnd  poliu-  in  \il<  manners  ■ 

atui.ihle  ill  Ids  ilivpoviinin  • 

01   _r;iiMi  rict\-  ;nul   lntc;;iily;  i  j,  .i.    ,  ..  ,     .;    ,,  ,  , 

:;ivcii  lo  hospit-dU)  , 


.vi  .v,v.   >   i:'...'A>".v*> 


■    .',-;  ■)M    I    >•     -  .1    ■'■■■'•  ■•■'■'■ 


.    M,      ' 


!!  •■    i.M.: 


'         ',''■•■■:  t    •..'' 


'  ■J' 


■r,.--\    ;,.;,■)    .J  ■     f 


'.!i 


3-lS  Cuiigrcg-(iliij/ial   Ch/in'hcs  and  [July, 

Dilii,'eiil  aiul  laitliful  in  liis  pastoral 

ollice,  well  loariied  in  History  and 

'  Geo^^iapliy,  as  well  as  general 

Scieiiee,  and  a  careful  l'iiy»ician 

Lotli  to  tde  biidies  and 

I'lie  bonis  of 

■        (,     •  his  peoijie.  •  .     •• 

Mr.  Tiirko  married,  Nov.  2G,  1724,  ^laiy  Dole  of  Hampton,  a  ilescenJant  of 
Richard  Dole  of  Newbury. 

Ivev.  John  Tucke,  son  of  INIr.  Tucke  of  tlie  Shoals,  was  born  in  1740,  grad- 
uated 11.  C.  17.J8;  ordained  at  Kpsoin,  Sept.  23,  17G1,  manied,  INhircli  4,  ll7i;2, 
to  I\Iaiy,  daughter  of  Uev.  Samuel  I'arson.s  of  Rye.  Love  M.,  daughter  of  j\lr. 
Tucke  of  Epsom,  married  Simeon  Drake.  These  last  mentioned  were  the  jiarenLs 
of  Samuel  G.  Drake,  M.  A.,  of  lioston.  ]\Ir.  Tucke  of  Epsom  remained  in  that 
place  till  the  time  of  the  Revolution,  ^\■llile  on  his  way  to  join  the  army  as 
Chaplain,  he  was  taken  with  the  small-pox,  of  which  he  died  in  Salem,  N."  Y., 
Feb.  LI,  1777,  in  the  37th  year  of  his  age. 

Not  long  utter  the  death  of  the  Rev.  INIr.  Tucke  of  Gosport,  the  war  of  tlie 
Revolution  commenced.  The  inhabitants  were  exceedinaly  exposed  ;  business 
was  arrested,  and  many  left  the  Islands  not  to  return.  The  population  for  the 
last  half  century,  has  varied  from  GtJ  to  1U3.  The  preachers  who  have  resided 
ther(;  have  also  instructed  the  school,  ami  have  been  supported  in  part,  by  the 
inhabitants,  and  in  part  by  contributions  from  benevolent  societies,  and  individ- 
uals. Near  the  beginning  of  the  present  century,  lUv.  Josiak  Htcrcus  was  lo- 
cated at  the  Shoals.  There  was  at  that  time,  a  comfortable  parsonage  house, 
and  a  stone  meeting-house,  which  was  also  the  school-house,  on  Gosport.  oNlr. 
Stevens  was  much  respected  and  beloved,  and  very  useful  as  a  minl?ter  and 
teacher,  lie  was  born  in  Killiiigwurth,  Ct.,  about  1740.  In  mature  age,  he  re- 
moved, with  his  wife  ami  five  or  six  childien.  to  Newport,  N.  II.  He  aiiled  in 
founding  the  church  in  that  place,  and  was  one  of  its  deacons.  He  served  two 
short  terms  in  the  Revolutionary  war  ;  and  was  in  the  battle  of  Bennington. 
A  fellow-soldier  spake  of  him,  as  a  man  of  decided  piety,  who  amidst  the  bustle 
of  the  camp,  was  constant  in  his  morning  and  evening  devotions.  Immediately 
after  the  adoption  of  the  State  Constitution,  he  received  a  civil  commission,  and 
transacted  much  business,  as  a  magistrate.  He  was  often  engaged  in  teaching. 
After  commencing  to  preach,  he  labored  for  a  time  in  Goshen.  "His  father  was 
Josiah  Stevens.  A  son  of  Rev.  ]\lr.  Stevens,  ]\Iaj.  Josiah  Stevens,  was  also  a 
deacon  of  the  church  in  Newport,  where  he  died,  in  1844,  aged  81.  He  was 
father  of  Hon.  Josiah  Stevens  of  Concord,  who  was  born  in  Newport,  Jan.  28, 
171)5,  and  was  in  1838  elected  Secretary  of  State.  JIis  eldest  son  is  Josiah. 
The  Rev.  ^Ir.  Stevens  died  in  Gosport,  where  the  following  inscription  is  found 
on  his  gravestone :  •        . 

In  memory  of  the  Rev.  Josiah  Stevens,  a  faithful  instructor  of  youth,  and  pious 
minister  of  Jesus  Clirist,  (supported  on  this  Island,  by  the  Society  for  propagating  the 
gospel,)  who  died,  July  -J,  lb04,  aged  04  years. 

Rev.  Samuel  SewuU,  who  labored  several  years  as  pastor  in  Edgecomb,  I\Ie., 
removed  in  1824  to  the  Isles  of  Shoals,  "  bein<^  employed  by  a  benevolent 
society  in  Newburvport  and  vicinity,  as  a  missionary,  and  continued  in  this 
employment  until  the  time  of  his  ih'ath."  He  died  in  Rye,  N.  H..  after  a  short 
sickness,  March  Ki,  182(1,  leaving  the  character  of  an  exemplary  Chiistian, 
and  a  devoted  and  useful  miiii>tei\  Jlev.  Oripin  Smith,  of  the  Free-will  Bap- 
list  denomination,  preached  there  in  1837.  Recently,  the  Society  for  Propa- 
gating the  Gospel  have  employed  llcv.  A.  riumcr  as  preacher,  and  .Mrs.  Rlu- 
mer,  as  teacher. 

GuKENL.iNi).  It  is  not  ascertained  when  the  church  was  gathered  at  Green- 
land, h  consisted  of  nineteen  members  when  the  Rev.  ]l'illiam  Allen.^  their 
first  minister,  was  ordained.  He  was  born  in  Boston,  Ms.,  in  Ui7G,  graduated 
H.  C.  in  1703  ;  ordaineil  July  1.^),  1707  ;  died,  Sejit.  8,  17iiO,  agetl  M.  Wev.  Dr. 
Laiigdon,  in  his  sermon  at  the  iudinatit)n  ot  Mr.  Macclinloek,  as  colleague,  said 


,...>.    r-'-'^v.^O    IvA 


>)',  j!    >.■■:.:■ 


.;,.:,:,.,  ..->!.,:. i..i 


I?i7.]  JJi/iislrrs  ill  RnfL-iii<j,h(i),i    CoKiify.  2-19 

to  ilic  pc(.ii!i>,  '•  Let  nol  yniir  aflrcMlons  he  witlnlrawn  fiom  //,■/,(.  who  has  spont 
In-^  sticn-ih  in  your  service;  and  now,  hinviuLi-  undn-  hi-,  infirinitics.  i.s  no 
lonL'rr  alilf  to  porlVnin  liis  |iiiMio  wtnk  ;  luit  is  pivparniL'  lo  Iravi;  yon.  iliat  he 
may  jom  the  church  tiiuiuphanl.  liniicnibiT  he  is  still  your  i)a.stor ;  and,  iho' 
he  cannot  minister  to  you  as  lornirilv,  he  is  still  coiicenied  lor  your  spiritual 
wellare.  pourin.tr  out  lii-s  soul  the  nuMe'rarucMl  v  in  piayer  hir  you.  as  he  s,.,..s  ilie 
time  ol  his  departure  is  at  hand/'  \)\\n\v_t  Mr.'  All.'u's' niinisiry  :J'j;j  were  added 
to  the  church.  In  1728,  forty-four  w.ie  a.hhd  ;  in  17:^:..  ihiitv:  in  17-l-.>,  thirty; 
in  17.j(;,  liie  hist  year  of  his  acti\e  iniiii>u\-,  thiileen.  3Irs.  Eleanor  Allen,  liis 
consort,  died  Jan.  Ki,  17:M-r.,  a-e.!  ,V2  :  "a^i  ,.arlv  convert,  eminent  for  holm'ess, 
prayerluiness.  watchfulness,  zeal,  jundence,  wcane.hiess  from  the  woild  self- 
lieiual,  iaithfiilness,  and  chantv.''  .Mr.  Allen  i-,  ^■.{u\  to  liave  married,  for  his 
second  wile,  Elisabeth  Weaie  of  Ilainplon  Falls. 

Uci\  Samuel  Mdcclnitoch,  J).  J)  .  second  pa-tor,  was  a  .son  of  Mr.  William 
Macclmtock,  who  came  from  the  noilh  of  [i.l.uul,  and  settled  in  Medfoid,  AIs.  ; 
was  a  respectable  farmer,  the  liu-baiul  of  four  wives,  the  father  of  nineteen  chil- 
dren, and  died  tvj^vd  W.  His  third  wile  accompauied  liim  to  this  country.  She 
uas  i!io  mother  of  Samuel,  who  was  bom  at  M.'dioid,  .May  1,  173a.  He  was 
reli:j;ious|y  educated,  from  eailv  childhofid.  His  cla--ical  education,  which 
commenced  in  the  irrammar-school,  at  .M(>dfoid.  was  continued  under' the  in- 
.struction  of  the  celebrateil  Master  Mmot,  at  Concord,  Ms.  ;  and,  afterward,  under 
the  preceptorship  of  the  Jtev.  Mr.  Abcrcrombi.-,  a  cler-vman,  eminent  for  pietv 
and  leamimr.  m  an  Academy,  near  \ortham()ton,  .Ms.  Mr.  Macclinlock  i;radu- 
ated  at  the  Colle<,re  of  X'ew  Jersey,  1  ir>  1 .  Beh.re  the  expiration  of  his  senio7  year, 
he  was  invited,  by  I're.s.  Burr,  toaceej)!  an  appointment  to  a  tiitorshi]),  which,  on 
account  ot  other  plans,  he  declined.  1  [(«  was  ordained  at  (Ireenhuid,  collea"ue 
with  Mr.  Allen,  Nov.  :j,  \li,6.  The  strain  of  Dr.  .Macclinlock's  preachin-  was 
evaniielical,  serious,  instructive,  plain,  and  practical  ;  his  style  manly  and  ner- 
vous ;  his  delivery  solemn  and  unaiiecte.l.  His  sermons  were  always  the  fruit 
of  close  application,  and  linished  with  a  dei,Mee  of  accuracy,  that  lew  attempt, 
anil  fewer  attain.  ' 

He  ardently  espoused  the  cause  of  his  countrv  :  and  was  repeatedly  with  the 
army  m  the  Revolution,  in  the  capacity  of  Chaplain.  Three  of  liis  .sons  fell  in 
the  contest.  He  had  lifteen  childien  by  his  lirst  marriai.'e,  and  one  by  his  sec- 
ond. His  last  preachini^r  ^vas  on  the  annual  Ea>t,  Aniil  l!i,  l.sol.  He  died  of 
a  pulmonic  lever  on  the  27lh  of  the  same  month.  '  His  funeral  sermon  was 
preached  by  Rev.  Dr.  liuckmiiuster  of  I'ort-mouth,  from  1  Cor.  iii  :  2-2.  The 
executor  of  Dr.  jMaccIIntock's  will  was  directed  by  him,  to  place  only  a  plain 
stone  at  his  jriave,  for  which  he  had  prepared  the  last  sentence  of  tlie  followm"- 
inscription.  ° 

"  To  tho  .Alemory  of  Snmiiel  M.icclintock,  I).  D.  who  died  April  27  1^01  in  the  7-\l 
year  ol  his  a-o,  aiul  the  .|si(,  of  his  ministry.  Jlis  l,.„l,,  rests  /un  in  the  ee,t„'u,  L,,,e  of  a 
yesarnrtion  to  ti/cuvl  um„ortalily,  icliui  C/,nsl  shall  ap/nar,  the  scrowl  time,  to  co.,s,-rw,,ate 
the  great  design  of  h,s  me.linlonal  ki,i^dn,nr     [.lUen's  Kpilaphs;   Dr.  J]Hc!c„u,istu's  Sna.\ 

Dr.  Macclintock's  publications  were,  a  Sermon  on  the  Justice  of  God  in  the 
.Moilahtyol  Man,  17.VJ  ;  the  Artihc's  of  Deceivers,  1770;  Herodias,  or  cruelty 
and  reven-e  the  ellects  ol  unlawful  pleasuiv.  177-2  ;  Sermon  at  the  commence- 
ment of  the  new  Cun-liiution  in  New  Hampshire,  1781  ;  Correspondence  with 
Jvev.  John  Cosens  O-den,  17!il  ;  Sermon,  The  Choice,  occasioned  by  the 
drought,  the  fever,  and  the  prospect  of  war.  HUS  ;  Oration,  commemorative  of 
Uashm-ton,  ISOO.      [.Ulcn's  niuu.  the  :   Pt.(at,ui',.i  Eina.  Mv.   Vol    1  I 

Urv.  James  Aymstroa'r  Xcnt,  third  pastor  in  (iieenland,  was  a  son  of  John 
INeal  of  lortsmouth,  afterward  of  I-ondonderry.  who  married  Mary  Leavitt  of 
•North  Hampton.  Their  other  children  weie"M,,ses  l.eavitt,  Es,",..  of  Dover, 
A.  II.  ;  John,  superintendent  of  tlu;  Orphan  h.>u-,>,  CharleMou  S  C  •  Marv 
wile  ..f  Maj.  (;ei.shu,n  Ch.Mi.'y,  of  Umland.  Vt.  ;  Sarah  1!.;  Sophia  \V  .  who 
marne.i  Capt  Samuel  E.  Eeavltt  of  .Norm  li.unpin:,  ;  J„MM,h.  of  liampton  ; 
jim  Nathaniel  I'.,  of  N'ew  Shaiou.  Me.  hev.  ,M,.  Xeal  uas  b,„u  in  177  1  He 
lia.l   a  .'ood   acade„nr:d   .•ducaliou,  mid    w,i.   v.,uie  se.us   pieceplor  of    a  yomc- 

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2'i0  Coiig-rcg-dluDial   Churches  and  Ministers.  [-^uly, 

hilies'  school,  ia  Philailelpliia.  Wi:  was  patroiiize«.l  by  Rev.  Dr.  (Ircen,  to 
■\vho>e  church  he  bi'loiii^^'J,  and  umler  \vho.>e  diiection  he  coinnieiicpj  hi.s  tlie- 
oU)L;ical  btiuliei.  Although  lie  had  not  ijeeu  a  iiieinlier  oi'  any  college,  ?uclx 
were  his  literary  atlainineiits.  that  l)r.  Ne~.t)it,  President  of  Dickiii.-^oii  CoUeire, 
conferred  upon  hiin  the  dei^Mve  of  .M.  A.  in  ISo-J.  .Mr.  Neal  received  license 
from  the  Piscataijua  A~;sociatiori.  He  was  ordained  at  (Greenland,  May  '22, 
1S07.  The  exercises  were,  Prayer  by  Picv.  Peter  Holt  of  Eppinu  ;  Sermon  by 
Ivev.  Jesse  Appleton  of  lIain])ton,  from  Ila:.'.  ii  :  tl,  7  ;  Ordaiuin:^  Pi  aver  by 
Ilev.  Wilhain  MorrJ.-on  of  Loudondcrry  ;  Charire  by  liev.  Timothy  rpham  of 
Deerfield  ;  Fellow.-'hip  b\-  Wcv.  J.  French  of  North  Hamilton  ;  Prayer  by  Rev. 
11.  Porter  of  Rve.  Mi-.  Xeal  possessed  jiopular  talents,  and  d.ied  much 
reirretted,  after  sullerini,'  LMcallv,  from  an  ori:aiiie  disease  of  the  liearl,  July  18, 
1SU8,  aged  3  1.  He  married  Christiana  Palmer,  a  lady  from  Kelso,  Scotland. 
They  had  two  sons.  The  oldest,  J<ihn  P.,  died  Xuv.  14.  180G,  aireil  2  years. 
Their  other  son,  Joseph  Clay  Neal,  has  loidiil  ia  Philadelphia,  and  is  known 
to  the  public,  as  the  eiiitor  of  the  I'luhuleliihiaa  ;  author  of  the  Charcoal 
Sketches.      [Piscat.  llv.  Mag.;  JliUn's  Eintaphs  ;   (jnilitiin'i  -Vuirl 

Rev.  Kphniiin  Jbhol,  fourth  pa^^tor  ia  (ireeuland,  was  of  the  Concord  branch 
of  the  Abbot  family.  He  was  bora  ia  New  Castle,  Me.,  ia  ITT'J.  His  father 
was  Bcnjamia,  who  was  son  of  Benjamin  of  Concord,  who  was  son  of  Thomas, 
who  was  son  of  tJeori^e,  who  settled  in  Andover,  Ms.,  ia  1()47,  and  who  is  said 
to  have  emigrated  from  Yorkshire,  KuLrland.  Rev.  Mr.  Abbot  of  Greenland 
graduated  H.  C.  Iboii,  and  at  And.  Tlieo.  Sem.  181U,  and  was  ordained  at  Green- 
land, Oct.  27,  ISKi.  The  sermon  was  by  Rev.  Eliphalet  Pearson,  LL.  1).,  from 
]\Iatt.  x  :  l(i.  Mr.  Ahbot  married  Mary  Holioke,  dauirhter  of  Dr.  Peaisun,  who, 
after  he  re>i\nu'd  his  piofes-.or>hip  in  the  And.  Theo.  Sem.  resided  in  ]\Ir. 
Abbot's  family,  ia  Gieenlaiid,  wheie  he  deceased,  ia  1S2().  For  some  account 
of  Mr.  Abbot's  mis-^iouary  labor-,  befure  he  was  settled  at  Greenland,  see  "The 
New  Hampshire  Reposiiorv,'"'"  \  ol    11..  No.  2. 

Mv.  Abbot's  healtli  becoming  inlirm,  m  c(jnsequence  of  a  wound  in  his  side, 
and  not  being  able  to  contine  liiin.-5elf  entirely  to  the  labors  of  a  pa>tor,  he  be- 
came the  first  jireceptor  of  the  Academy  ia  the  place,  c.-tablislied  by  George 
Bracket,  Estp  He  lesiLmed  his  miaislry,  Oct.  2.S,  182S.  The  church,  at  his 
ordinatioa,  coasi-ted  of  nineteen  members.  During  his  ministry  thirty-seven 
were  added.  He  removed  to  Westiord.  ]\ls.,  and  took  charge  of  the  Academy 
in  that  place.  His  second  marriage  was  with  Miss  Bancroft,  daughter  of  Amos 
Bancroft,  ^I.  D..  of  Grotoa,  ^Is. 

Mcr.  .Smnucl  Wallace  Clark  w;is  born  in  Hancock,  N.  H.,  Dee.  15,  1795,  grad- 
uated D.  C.  182.']  ;  ordained  at  Greenland,  Aug.  5,  1S2<».  His  lather.  John  Clark, 
was  grandson  of  Robeit  Clark,  who  emigrated  from  the  north  of  Ireland  to  Lon- 
donderry, N.  II.,  in  company  with  the  early  sctlirrs  of  lliat  place  ;  though  not 
among  the  lust.  Rev.  S.  \V.  Claik  was  tlie  second  of  lea  cluldrca,  and  the 
eldest  of  four  sons.  His  brother,  RfV.  William  Clark,  was  several  years  pastor 
of  the  1st  charch  ia  ^Vells,  Me.,  ;mu1  lias  since  been  extensively  known,  in  his 
agency  for  the  A.  B.  C.  F.  M.  Rev.  Mr.  Clark  of  Greenland  married  Frances 
M.,  dauirhter  of  Dea.  Robert  Clark,  for  many  years  an  elder  of  the  Presbyterian 
church,  in  New  Boston.  She  deceasetl  July  12,  1832.  leaving  one  cldld,  Fran- 
ces ^Vallace.  Mr.  Clark's  second  marriage  was  with  Rebecca  P'lisaheih  Howe, 
a  descendant  of  the  Pilgrim,  John  Alden.  She  is  a  daughter  of  Josiah  Howe, 
M.  D.,  of  Templeton,  and  afterwards  of  Westminster,  Ms.  The  children  of  Mr. 
Clark,  liy  the  second  marriage,  were  John  Howe,  Lucy  Barrow,  and  AVilliam 
^Vallace  ;  the  last  of  whom  deceaseil  Aug.  IH.  is-jtl. 

When  Mr.  Clark  was  onlaiaed,  his  ehuieh  con.-isted  of  twenty-eight  mem- 
bers.    Ia  IS-Jij,  there  were  fortv  communicants. 


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1817.1  Ckncah^ics.  251 


G  E  N  E  A  L  O  Cn  E  S , 


TIIK  WOLCOTT  FAMILV. 


INTKulJlCTi  iJlV  llE.MAliK.- 


Hknuv  ^Volcott  was  the  fn>t  ut  the  WulcuU  Family  wlio  .scitlt-el  in  New 
Enirhiuil.  He  owned  u  cousideiahle  huided  pru;)erty  in  Ins  native  country, 
which  he  held  in  cnj^itc,  pail  of  which  he  .-^old  about  the  tune  he  lel'l  Knizland  ; 
the  re.^t  of  the  estate  was  sold  at  ^undly  times  by  himsolf  and  liis  descendants; 
the  last  remains  were  sold  since  the  Dcehualion  of  Inde[)endence,  by  Henry 
Allen,  Es(p,  of  \Vind3or,  who  claimed  it  by  h.'male  descent.  From  circum- 
stances it  seems  probable  that  the  family  are  of  Sa\<in  orii^in.  Mr.  \Volcott,  to 
avoid  the  ecclesiastical  hierarchy  of  the  Kiii,di.-h  Church,  was  induced  to  come 
into  this  country.  He  liist  settled  at  Dorchester,  where  he  continued  till  KJoG, 
when  he  came  with  the  liist  settlers  to  the  town  of  AVind-or,  and  willi  four  other 
gentlemen,  namelv,  .Air.  Ludlow.  Mr.  Xew  beriy,  yii.  Slouyhton.  and  .Major  Ma- 
son, undertook  the  settlement  of  that  town,  to  which  they  gave  the  name  iJonlics- 
tcr.  The  towns  of  Hartford  and  Welherslield  were  settled  the  same  year,  tlioui^h 
the  town  wliich  is  now  called  Windsor  was,  upon  the  first  emigration,  by  far 
the  most  considerable.  Previous  to  this  settlement  on  Connecticut  River,  one 
had  been  made  at  Springfield,  under  the  patronage  of  ,Mr.  I'ynchon  ;  and  an 
earlier  .settlement,  with  commercial  views,  had  been  made  at  Saybrook,  by  Mr. 
Fenwick,  agent  to  Lords  Say  and  Seal  and  15rouk.  'J'hose  who  settled  on  Con- 
necticut River,  in  the  year  1(33(J,  were  united  with  the  people  of  ]Massacliusetls 
in  religious  ana  civil  polity,  and  seem  to  have  been  mucli  under  their  inlluence  till 
1(J3S,  whim  they  ado[)ted  a  civil  constitution  for  themselves,  and  Mr.  Ludlow 
was  chosen  their  first  Governor,  and  Mr.  Wolcott  a  magistrate,  then  called  an 
Assistant,  to  which  odice  he  was  annually  chosen  till  his  death,  in  1(155.  His 
eldest  son  Henry  was  one  of  the  I'ateniee.-^,  whn~e  name  is  inserted  in  the 
Charter  granted  by  Charles  H.  Mr.  Ludlow  went  to  llie  AVest  Lrdies,  and 
left  no  posterity  in  this  country.  INIajor  .ALisoii,  it  i^  ^aid,  had  no  male  posleiity. 
The  descendants  of  the  others  are  well  known  in  W'ind.-or. 

'  '■  ^      '  •"■■ '  gi:m;.\logy. 

Henry  Wulcott,  I'^si].,  was  Loru  A.  D.  1-j7S;  ;uu1  on  or  about  tlie  year 
1007,  married  Eli-sabeth  :>anilers,  who  was  l.ioni  in  1-J^D.  He  lived  h\ 
TollaiKJ,  near  Taunton  in  Son. er.seI^llirc,  England,  till  the  year  iGuO, 
and  then  to  avoid  i)crsecntion,  came  witli  liis  lamily  into  Xew  Eng- 
land, and  sctllcd  at  Dorchester.  In  the  year  HiiJO,  he  went  with  his 
lanuly  to  WimUorin  ConneetieiiL  INIr.  AVoLult,  .Mr.  Liulluw,  ]\lr.  New- 
berry, Mr.  Stoiighton,  and  rkltijor  ]\Ia.son,  were  the  five  gentlemen  tliut 
nnderlook  the  settling  of  the  lowii.  i\Ir.  AW^